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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890046/investigation-of-training-and-support-needs-in-rural-and-remote-disability-and-mainstream-service-providers-implications-for-an-online-training-model
#1
Genevieve Johnsson, Rachel Kerslake, Sarah Crook, Corinne Cribb
Objectives It is known that there are difficulties in recruiting and retaining practitioners in rural and remote communities and that access to support and professional development can be key in breaking this cycle. Technology provides a possible solution not only for increasing access to these opportunities, but also in building community capacity to support children with autism. The aim of the present study was to investigate the current learning and support needs within rural and remote professionals prior to setting up a model of support...
November 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874270/neurodevelopmental-disorders-are-highly-over-represented-in-children-with-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Elisabet Wentz, Anna Björk, Jovanna Dahlgren
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders in children with obesity and to compare body mass index (BMI) and metabolic profile in the children. METHODS: Seventy-six children (37 girls, 39 boys) were consecutively recruited from a university outpatient clinic specialized in severe obesity. Neurodevelopmental disorders including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) were assessed using interviews and questionnaires...
November 22, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868194/randomized-controlled-trial-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Khaled Saad, Ahmed A Abdel-Rahman, Yasser M Elserogy, Abdulrahman A Al-Atram, Amira A El-Houfey, Hisham A K Othman, Geir Bjørklund, Feiyong Jia, Mauricio A Urbina, Mohamed Gamil M Abo-Elela, Faisal-Alkhateeb Ahmad, Khaled A Abd El-Baseer, Ahmed E Ahmed, Ahmad M Abdel-Salam
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a frequent developmental disorder characterized by pervasive deficits in social interaction, impairment in verbal and nonverbal communication, and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities. It has been previously reported that there is vitamin D deficiency in autistic children; however, there is a lack of randomized controlled trials of vitamin D supplementation in ASD children. METHODS: This study is a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial (RCT) that was conducted on 109 children with ASD (85 boys and 24 girls; aged 3-10 years)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865099/assessing-symptoms-during-comprehensive-interventions-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-development-and-preliminary-analysis-of-the-autism-behaviour-coding-system-abcs
#4
Diana Dima, Olga Lazari, Klaus Schmeck, René Spiegel, Anja Brönnimann, Kirstin Goth, Evelyn Herbrecht
The aims of this paper are to present the Autism Behaviour Coding System (ABCS), a novel, video-based observational instrument for assessing core autism symptoms during intensive early interventions in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to provide preliminary data on its psychometric characteristics and to discuss its clinical utility. Video recordings of child-therapist interactions during the 'Frühintervention bei autistischen Störungen' (FIAS) were coded by treatment-independent raters who were blind with respect to the temporal order of the sequences...
November 10, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863928/a-scoping-review-of-the-role-of-lego-%C3%A2-therapy-for-improving-inclusion-and-social-skills-among-children-and-youth-with-autism
#5
REVIEW
Sally Lindsay, Kara Grace Hounsell, Celia Cassiani
BACKGROUND: LEGO(®) therapy uses children's natural interest in play to help motivate behavioural change and may be an effective teaching tool to increase social competency and communication skills. Although the literature is growing it has not been synthesized. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on the role of LEGO(®) therapy on social skills and inclusion among children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). METHODS: A scoping review was conducted, involving comprehensive searches of international databases...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859986/effectiveness-of-1-1-speech-and-language-therapy-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#6
Susan H Ebbels, Lisa Wright, Sally Brockbank, Caroline Godfrey, Catherine Harris, Hannah Leniston, Kate Neary, Hilary Nicoll, Lucy Nicoll, Jackie Scott, Nataša Marić
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effectiveness of therapy for older children with (developmental) language disorder (DLD), and particularly those with receptive language impairments, is very limited. The few existing studies have focused on particular target areas, but none has looked at a whole area of a service. AIMS: To establish whether for students with (developmental) language disorder attending a specialist school, 1:1 intervention with an SLT during one school term improves performance on targeted areas, compared with untreated control areas...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829034/auditory-motor-mapping-training-comparing-the-effects-of-a-novel-speech-treatment-to-a-control-treatment-for-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism
#7
Karen Chenausky, Andrea Norton, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Gottfried Schlaug
This study compared Auditory-Motor Mapping Training (AMMT), an intonation-based treatment for facilitating spoken language in minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to a matched control treatment, Speech Repetition Therapy (SRT). 23 minimally verbal children with ASD (20 male, mean age 6;5) received at least 25 sessions of AMMT. Seven (all male) were matched on age and verbal ability to seven participants (five male) who received SRT. Outcome measures were Percent Syllables Approximated, Percent Consonants Correct (of 86), and Percent Vowels Correct (of 61) produced on two sets of 15 bisyllabic stimuli...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816800/interventions-that-target-improvements-in-mental-health-for-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Nikko S Da Paz, Jan L Wallander
Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) suggest that one in 68 children is affected. With convincing evidence that parenting a child with ASD is associated with elevated distress and mental health problems, researchers have begun to investigate treatments that directly target parents' psychological well-being. We conducted a narrative review of studies that empirically tested the effects of interventions targeting improvements in the mental health of parents of children with ASD. Following a range of search strategies, a total of 13 studies, seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and six pre-post test designs, met inclusion criteria...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815691/mtor-inhibitors-in-children-current-indications-and-future-directions-in-neurology
#9
REVIEW
Anna Jeong, Michael Wong
The mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is a key signaling pathway that has been implicated in genetic epilepsy syndromes, neurodegenerative diseases, and conditions associated with autism spectrum disorder and cognitive impairment. The mTOR pathway has become an exciting treatment target for these various disorders, with mTOR inhibitors such as rapamycin being studied for their potential therapeutic applications. In particular, tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder resulting from overactivation of the mTOR pathway, and pharmacologic therapy with mTOR inhibitors has emerged as a viable treatment option for the systemic manifestations of the disease...
December 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812453/child-art-psychotherapy-in-camhs-which-cases-are-referred-and-which-cases-drop-out
#10
Leslie Saba, Alison Byrne, Aisling Mulligan
BACKGROUND: The Vasarhelyi method of child art psychotherapy (CAP) is offered at certain Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services. Children attend three introductory sessions, and then choose to continue weekly CAP or conclude the sessions. AIMS: This study aims to identify the clinical disorders and characteristics of patients referred to CAP, and to determine who engages with the therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of the clinical records of 67 children who attended CAP in DNCC/Mater CAMHS over 13 years was performed...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793431/parent-mediated-social-communication-therapy-for-young-children-with-autism-pact-long-term-follow-up-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Andrew Pickles, Ann Le Couteur, Kathy Leadbitter, Erica Salomone, Rachel Cole-Fletcher, Hannah Tobin, Isobel Gammer, Jessica Lowry, George Vamvakas, Sarah Byford, Catherine Aldred, Vicky Slonims, Helen McConachie, Patricia Howlin, Jeremy R Parr, Tony Charman, Jonathan Green
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether early intervention can improve long-term autism symptom outcomes. We aimed to follow-up the Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT), to investigate whether the PACT intervention had a long-term effect on autism symptoms and continued effects on parent and child social interaction. METHODS: PACT was a randomised controlled trial of a parent-mediated social communication intervention for children aged 2-4 years with core autism...
November 19, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786181/lessons-learned-from-studying-syndromic-autism-spectrum-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Yehezkel Sztainberg, Huda Y Zoghbi
Syndromic autism spectrum disorders represent a group of childhood neurological conditions, typically associated with chromosomal abnormalities or mutations in a single gene. The discovery of their genetic causes has increased our understanding of the molecular pathways critical for normal cognitive and social development. Human studies have revealed that the brain is particularly sensitive to changes in dosage of various proteins from transcriptional and translational regulators to synaptic proteins. Investigations of these disorders in animals have shed light on previously unknown pathogenic mechanisms leading to the identification of potential targets for therapeutic intervention...
October 26, 2016: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767943/equine-assisted-occupational-therapy-increasing-engagement-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Cecilia Llambias, Joyce Magill-Evans, Veronica Smith, Sharon Warren
Engagement in meaningful activities is essential to development and is often reduced in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who have limited engagement in activities or relationships. A multiple-baseline design was used with 7 children with ASD ages 4-8 yr to assess the effect of including a horse in occupational therapy intervention on task engagement. The children showed improvements in engagement. Including horses in occupational therapy sessions may be a valuable addition to conventional treatments to increase task engagement of children with ASD...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760533/randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-ipad-based-early-intervention-for-autism-toby-playpad-study-protocol
#14
Joanna Granich, Alena Dass, Margherita Busacca, Dennis Moore, Angelika Anderson, Svetha Venkatesh, Thi Duong, Pratibha Vellanki, Amanda Richdale, David Trembath, Darin Cairns, Wendy Marshall, Tania Rodwell, Madeleine Rayner, Andrew J O Whitehouse
BACKGROUND: Evidence for early intensive behavioural interventions (EIBI) by therapists as an effective treatment for children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is growing. High-intensity and sustained delivery of quality EIBI is expensive. The TOBY (Therapy Outcomes by You) Playpad is an App-based platform delivering EIBI to facilitate learning for young children with ASD, while enabling parents to become co-therapists. Intervention targets include increasing joint attention, imitation and communication of children with ASD...
October 19, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738378/treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Melissa DeFilippis, Karen Dineen Wagner
Autism spectrum disorder is a diagnosis that includes significant social communication deficits/delays along with restricted patterns of interests and behaviors. The prevalence of this diagnosis has increased over the past few decades, and it is unclear whether this is solely attributable to the increased awareness of milder forms of the disorder among medical providers. The current treatment options for the core symptoms of autism are limited to psychosocial therapies, such as applied behavior analysis. Medications have been most effective in treating the associated behavioral symptoms of autism, though studies have examined potential benefits in some of the core symptoms of autism with certain medications, especially the repetitive behaviors often seen with this diagnosis...
August 15, 2016: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737490/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#16
REVIEW
Tao Xiong, Hongju Chen, Rong Luo, Dezhi Mu
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased the need for evidence-based treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms. Presently, no therapies are available to effectively treat individuals with all of the symptoms of this disorder. It has been suggested that hyperbaric oxygen therapy may alleviate the biochemical dysfunction and clinical symptoms of ASD. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether treatment with hyperbaric oxygen:1. improves core symptoms of ASD, including social communication problems and stereotypical and repetitive behaviors;2...
October 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721995/environmental-enrichment-therapy-for-autism-outcomes-with-increased-access
#17
Eyal Aronoff, Robert Hillyer, Michael Leon
We have previously shown in two randomized clinical trials that environmental enrichment is capable of ameliorating symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and in the present study, we determined whether this therapy could be effective under real-world circumstances. 1,002 children were given daily Sensory Enrichment Therapy, by their parents, using personalized therapy instructions given over the Internet. Parents were asked to assess the symptoms of their child every 2 weeks for up to 7 months. An intention-to-treat analysis showed significant overall gains for a wide range of symptoms in these children, including learning, memory, anxiety, attention span, motor skills, eating, sleeping, sensory processing, self-awareness, communication, social skills, and mood/autism behaviors...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678006/children-with-adhd-symptoms-show-decreased-activity-in-ventral-striatum-during-the-anticipation-of-reward-irrespective-of-adhd-diagnosis
#18
Branko M van Hulst, Patrick de Zeeuw, Dienke J Bos, Yvonne Rijks, Sebastiaan F W Neggers, Sarah Durston
BACKGROUND: Changes in reward processing are thought to be involved in the etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as other developmental disorders. In addition, different forms of therapy for ADHD rely on reinforcement principles. As such, improved understanding of reward processing in ADHD could eventually lead to more effective treatment options. However, differences in reward processing may not be specific to ADHD, but may be a trans-diagnostic feature of disorders that involve ADHD-like symptoms...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648433/effect-of-the-family-based-art-therapy-program-on-the-social-interactions-verbal-skills-and-stereotypic-behaviors-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd
#19
Kaveh Moghaddam, Ali Zadeh Mohammadi, Parviz Sharifi Daramadi, Gholamali Afrooz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611990/reduced-gaba-and-altered-somatosensory-function-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Nicolaas A J Puts, Ericka L Wodka, Ashley D Harris, Deana Crocetti, Mark Tommerdahl, Stewart H Mostofsky, Richard A E Edden
Sensory (e.g., touch) abnormalities are common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In previous work we have shown that children with ASD have altered sensitivity to touch. This altered sensitivity is specific to tasks that involve filtering and habituation to touch. GABA is the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the human brain, and plays a key role in encoding touch. Previous studies suggest that the GABA system is altered in ASD. Using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), it is now possible to measure GABA levels in the human brain...
September 9, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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