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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798541/animal-assisted-therapies-for-youth-with-or-at-risk-for-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-review
#1
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Mary Acri, Meghan Morrissey, Robin Peth-Pierce
To systematically review experimental evidence about animal-assisted therapies (AAT) for children or adolescents with or at risk for mental health conditions, we reviewed all experimental AAT studies published between 2000-2015, and compared studies by animal type, intervention, and outcomes. METHODS: Studies were included if used therapeutically for children and adolescents (≤21 years) with or at risk for a mental health problem; used random assignment or a waitlist comparison/control group; and included child-specific outcome data...
2017: Applied Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770527/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-versus-a-counselling-intervention-for-anxiety-in-young-people-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Suzanne M Murphy, Uttom Chowdhury, Susan W White, Laura Reynolds, Louisa Donald, Hilary Gahan, Zeinab Iqbal, Mahesh Kulkarni, Louise Scrivener, Hadi Shaker-Naeeni, Dee A Press
The use of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) as a treatment for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been explored in a number of trials. Whilst CBT appears superior to no treatment or treatment as usual, few studies have assessed CBT against a control group receiving an alternative therapy. Our randomised controlled trial compared use of CBT against person-centred counselling for anxiety in 36 young people with ASD, ages 12-18. Outcome measures included parent- teacher- and self-reports of anxiety and social disability...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762160/parental-outcomes-following-participation-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Andrea L Maughan, Jonathan A Weiss
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) benefit from parent involvement in their therapy, and there is evidence that this involvement may improve parent functioning as well. We examined changes in parent mental health, parenting, and expressed emotion, following participation in a randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy for 57 children with ASD. Post-intervention, improvements occurred in the treatment group in parent depression and emotion regulation, compared to waitlisted parents. Treatment effects also occurred across all parents in depression, emotion regulation, perceptions of their children and mindful parenting...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733851/autism-and-equine-assisted-interventions-a-systematic-mapping-review
#4
B Caitlin McDaniel Peters, Wendy Wood
This systematic mapping review mapped current knowledge of equine-assisted interventions for people with autism to help guide future practice and research. Thirty-three studies including children and adolescents with autism, 3 of which confirmed diagnoses, were reviewed. Five types of equine-assisted activities were identified across 25 studies, with reported improvements in behavior, social interaction, and communication. Four types of equine-assisted therapies were identified across 8 studies, with reported improvements in motor control and self-care...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719227/simvastatin-as-an-adjunctive-therapy-to-risperidone-in-treatment-of-autism-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Fatemeh Shirzad, Mohammad-Ali Karkhaneh-Yousefi, Rasoul Khezri, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Providing novel treatments for autism has been a subject of long-standing research. Based on etiopathological findings, we aim at assessing potential therapeutic effects of statins, here simvastatin, on autism symptoms for the first time. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group 10-week clinical trial, 70 drug-free children aged 4 to 12 years old with diagnosis of autistic disorder based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, who had an Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community (ABC-C) scale irritability subscale score of ≥12, were equally randomized to receive either simvastatin (20-40 mg/day) or placebo as an adjunct to risperidone (1-2 mg/day) whereas administration of both drugs was started simultaneously from baseline...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714100/why-is-it-so-hard-to-reach-agreement-on-terminology-the-case-of-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#6
Dorothy V M Bishop
A recent project entitled CATALISE used the Delphi method to reach a consensus on terminology for unexplained language problems in children. 'Developmental language disorder' (DLD) was the term agreed by a panel of 57 experts. Here I reflect on points of difficulty that arose when attempting to reach a consensus, using qualitative information from comments made by panel members to illustrate the kinds of argument used. One issue of debate was the use of labels, in particular the term 'disorder', which was seen as having both pros and cons...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710305/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-say-barber-biesecker-young-simpson-syndrome
#7
Jessica Merritt, Joseph C Hart, Tracy L LeGrow
Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson syndrome (SBBYSS), also known as Ohdo syndrome SBBYS type, is a rare genetic disorder characterised by dysmorphic facial features and severe intellectual disability, as well as cardiac, dental and hearing abnormalities. There has been little psychiatric or psychological description of children with SBBYSS, although previous reports noted repetitive self-injurious behaviours, sensitivity to light and noise and severe deficits in communication. In this report, a 4-year-old male with SBBYSS is described with a focus on psychiatric and psychological assessment, including formal testing for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698772/examining-the-causes-of-autism
#8
David G Amaral
Autism is a broad, complex, and increasingly important brain disorder. New data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention indicate that one in sixty-eight children is born with some degree of autism. Autism is also more common in males by a four to one ratio. Making it especially difficult to discuss in finite, conclusive terms is the fact that there is no biological test for autism; diagnosis is based on behavior, and the only verified treatment is intensive behavior therapy. Our author, one of the nation's foremost researchers on autism, examines the prenatal factors that contribute to the disorder...
January 2017: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693400/formulating-autism-systemically-part-2-a-12-year-prospective-case-study
#9
Nicky Brewerton, Katrina Robson, Patricia M Crittenden
This prospective case study illustrates the ideas on the developmental origins of some cases of autism that were described in Part 1 of this article. We explored and found support for several systemic hypotheses regarding the experience of 'Graeme' and his mother. Graeme's story is told prospectively from the age of 3 until 15. Three independent sources of information are reported: hypotheses from the literature and case review in Part 1 of this article, the school's experience, and observations from the assessments of attachment when Graeme was turning 6...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692449/fidget-spinners-purported-benefits-adverse-effects-and-accepted-alternatives
#10
Rachel A Schecter, Jay Shah, Kate Fruitman, Ruth Lynn Milanaik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the span of a few months, fidget spinners have caught the eyes of millions of children, parents, educators and paediatricians. Fidget spinners, hand-held toys designed to spin freely in your grasp, have become a source of entertainment for consumers of all ages. Despite a lack of scientific evidence, toy marketers have advertised the benefits of fidget spinners for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and other disorders (e.g. autism, anxiety, sensory issues)...
July 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691542/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-york-measure-of-quality-of-intensive-behavioral-intervention
#11
Ulrika Långh, Elodie Cauvet, Martin Hammar, Sven Bölte
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is widely applied in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Little research has addressed the significance of adherence to EIBI practices for treatment outcomes. The York Measure of Quality of Intensive Behavioral Intervention (YMQI) was designed to assess EIBI quality delivery in Ontario, Canada. The objective of this study was to examine the cross-cultural validity of the YMQI in a clinical Swedish community sample of 30 boys and four girls with autism aged 2...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690686/vagus-nerve-stimulation-as-a-potential-adjuvant-to-behavioral-therapy-for-autism-and-other-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Crystal T Engineer, Seth A Hays, Michael P Kilgard
BACKGROUND: Many children with autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders undergo expensive, time-consuming behavioral interventions that often yield only modest improvements. The development of adjunctive interventions that can increase the benefit of rehabilitation therapies is essential in order to improve the lives of individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders. MAIN TEXT: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an FDA approved therapy that is safe and effective in reducing seizure frequency and duration in individuals with epilepsy...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686564/asperger-syndrome-and-schizophrenia-%C3%AE-eurodevelopmental-continuum-or-separated-clinical-entities
#13
Chr Anomitri, H Lazaratou
This article is an overview of the literature on Asperger's syndrome and schizophrenia and aim to discuss their similarities and differences. Eugen Bleuler who associated the terms "schizophrenia" and "autism" a century ago, viewed autism as a form of solitude of schizophrenic patients representing withdrawal from reality. Ever since, there has been confusion as to the boundaries between these conditions. Nowadays recent research, from a variety of perspectives-genomics, neurodevelopment, psychiatry, etc. has given new information on these conditions...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686541/the-role-of-probiotics-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-prospective-open-label-study
#14
Sanaa Y Shaaban, Yasmin G El Gendy, Nayra S Mehanna, Waled M El-Senousy, Howaida S A El-Feki, Khaled Saad, Osama M El-Asheer
OBJECTIVE: There are limited data on the efficacy of probiotics in children with ASD, therefore, this study aims to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of probiotics in an Egyptian cohort of children with ASD. METHODS: Gastrointestinal (GI) flora were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR of stool samples of 30 autistic children from 5 to 9 years old. GI symptoms of autistic children were assessed with a modified six-item Gastrointestinal Severity Index (6-GSI) questionnaire, and autistic symptoms were assessed with Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) before and after 3 months of supplementation of probiotics nutritional supplement formula (each gram contains 100 × 10(6) colony forming units of three probiotic strains; Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacteria longum)...
July 7, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685411/how-to-implement-robots-in-interventions-for-children-with-autism-a-co-creation-study-involving-people-with-autism-parents-and-professionals
#15
Claire A G J Huijnen, Monique A S Lexis, Rianne Jansens, Luc P de Witte
The aim of this study was to gain insight into how robots can be practically implemented into current education and therapy interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This qualitative study included focus groups and co-creation sessions. 73 Participants (professionals and adults with ASD) took part in 13 focus groups to elicit requirements for robot assisted interventions. Additionally, 22 participants (professionals, parents of children with ASD and adults with ASD) generated ideas for interventions using robot KASPAR in three co-creation sessions...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683883/-supporting-an-asd-child-with-digital-tools
#16
Etienne Vallart, Ludovic Gicquel
Autism spectrum disorders lead to a long-term and severe impairment of communication and social interactions. The expansion of information and communication technologies, through digital applications which can be used on different devices, can be used to support these functions necessary for the development of children with ASD. Applications, serious games and even humanoid robots help to boost children's interest in learning. They must however form part of a broader range of therapies.
July 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654502/kinematic-gait-changes-following-serial-casting-and-bracing-to-treat-toe-walking-in-a-child-with-autism
#17
Marybeth Barkocy, James Dexter, Colleen Petranovich
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of serial casting in a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibiting a toe-walking gait pattern with equinus contractures. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Although many children with ASD toe walk, little research on physical therapy interventions exists for this population. Serial casting has been validated for use in idiopathic toe walking to increase passive dorsiflexion and improve gait, but not for toe walking in children with ASD...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645986/feasibility-study-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-investigate-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-humanoid-robot-to-improve-the-social-skills-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-kaspar-rct-a-study-protocol
#18
Silvana E Mengoni, Karen Irvine, Deepshikha Thakur, Garry Barton, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Karen Guldberg, Ben Robins, David Wellsted, Shivani Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Interventions using robot-assisted therapy may be beneficial for the social skills development of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are lacking. The present research aims to assess the feasibility of conducting an RCT evaluating the effectiveness of a social skills intervention using Kinesics and Synchronisation in Personal Assistant Robotics (Kaspar) with children with ASD. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Forty children will be recruited...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621219/manualization-of-occupational-therapy-using-ayres-sensory-integration%C3%A2-for-autism
#19
Joanne Hunt, Elke van Hooydonk, Patricia Faller, Zoe Mailloux, Roseann Schaaf
This article reports on the development of a Stage 3 manual (following pilot effectiveness study) for implementing occupational therapy using Ayres Sensory Integration® (OT/ASI) for children with autism spectrum disorders to enhance participation in daily occupations. Three stakeholder groups were surveyed to aid in translation of manual from research to practice (i.e., Stage 3 manual) and an expert consensus meeting was held to finalize recommendations. Data indicated that the manuals usability could be improved by including a section on frequently encountered problems and solutions, and by including video case examples...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615394/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Teeranai Sakulchit, Chris Ladish, Ran D Goldman
Question As autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a multifactorial condition, with genetic and environmental risk factors contributing to children's unique presentation and symptom severity, a range of treatments have been suggested. Parents of children with ASD in my clinic are asking me about alternative therapies to improve their children's condition. One of those therapies is hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT); commercial advertisement in the past has suggested good results with this approach. Should I recommend the use of HBOT for children with ASD? Answer Hyperbaric oxygen therapy provides a higher concentration of oxygen delivered in a chamber or tube containing higher than sea level atmospheric pressure...
June 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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