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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333196/brief-report-reduced-anxiety-following-pivotal-response-treatment-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Jiedi Lei, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Sebiha M Abdullahi, Megan L Braconnier, Pamela Ventola
Up to 40% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit co-occurring anxiety symptoms. Despite recent success in mitigating anxiety symptoms in school-aged children with ASD (mean age >9 years) using adapted versions of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, little is known about potential treatment outcomes for younger children. To address the gap in the literature, this open-label study evaluated change in anxiety following a 16-week open-label trial of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) in children with ASD aged 4-8 years...
November 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327313/reduction-of-pain-sensitivity-after-somatosensory-therapy-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Inmaculada Riquelme, Samar M Hatem, Pedro Montoya
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often present with somatosensory dysfunction including an abnormal reactivity to tactile stimuli and altered pain perception. A therapy based on somatosensory stimuli has shown effectiveness in reducing pain sensitivity among adults with cerebral palsy. The present study aims at exploring the influence of somatosensory therapy on somatosensory parameters in children with ASD. Children with high-functioning ASD were randomly assigned to either the intervention (n = 29) or the control group (n = 30)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313176/effectiveness-of-a-multisystem-aquatic-therapy-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#3
Giovanni Caputo, Giovanni Ippolito, Marina Mazzotta, Luigi Sentenza, Mara Rosaria Muzio, Sara Salzano, Massimiliano Conson
Aquatic therapy improves motor skills of persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), but its usefulness for treating functional difficulties needs to be verified yet. We tested effectiveness of a multisystem aquatic therapy on behavioural, emotional, social and swimming skills of children with ASD. Multisystem aquatic therapy was divided in three phases (emotional adaptation, swimming adaptation and social integration) implemented in a 10-months-programme. At post-treatment, the aquatic therapy group showed significant improvements relative to controls on functional adaptation (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales), emotional response, adaptation to change and on activity level (Childhood Autism Rating Scale)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287877/evaluation-and-remediation-of-central-auditory-processing-disorders-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Hesham Kozou, Hanan Galal Azouz, Rania M Abdou, Alyaa Shaltout
OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to assess various skills of central auditory processing (CAP) in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and to evaluate the efficacy of auditory training in these children. METHODS: This study is a non-randomized clinical experiment. 30 high functioning ASD children aged from 7 to 12 years were included in the study. They underwent behavioral assessments of CAP skills with subsequent remediation by dichotic training therapy for the children who revealed dichotic deficits...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281930/the-effect-of-sensory-integration-therapy-on-occupational-performance-in-children-with-autism
#5
Babak Kashefimehr, Hülya Kayihan, Meral Huri
Sensory processing problems and related dysfunctions are among the most common conditions in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the effect of sensory integration therapy (SIT) on different aspects of occupational performance in children with ASD. The study was conducted on an intervention group ( n = 16) receiving SIT and a control group ( n = 15) with 3- to 8-year-old children with ASD. The Short Child Occupational Profile (SCOPE) was used to compare the two groups in terms of the changes in their occupational performance and the Sensory Profile (SP) was used to assess sensory problems...
December 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280713/parental-or-teacher-education-and-coaching-to-support-function-and-participation-of-children-and-youth-with-sensory-processing-and-sensory-integration-challenges-a-systematic-review
#6
Heather Miller-Kuhaneck, Renee Watling
This systematic review examines the literature published from January 2007 through May 2015 related to the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions using parental or teacher education and coaching with children with challenges in sensory processing and sensory integration (SP-SI). Of more than 11,000 abstracts and 86 articles that were considered, only 4 met the criteria and were included in this review. Studies of parental training and coaching for children with challenges in SP-SI and comorbid autism spectrum disorder have suggested that educational or coaching programs could result in positive outcomes for both parents and children, often in a relatively short time period...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280711/efficacy-of-occupational-therapy-using-ayres-sensory-integration%C3%A2-a-systematic-review
#7
Roseann C Schaaf, Rachel L Dumont, Marian Arbesman, Teresa A May-Benson
This systematic review addresses the question "What is the efficacy of occupational therapy using Ayres Sensory Integration® (ASI) to support functioning and participation as defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for persons with challenges in processing and integrating sensory information that interfere with everyday life participation?" Three randomized controlled trials, 1 retroactive analysis, and 1 single-subject ABA design published from 2007 to 2015, all of which happened to study children with autism, met inclusion criteria...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277311/targeting-gut-microbiome-a-novel-and-potential-therapy-for-autism
#8
REVIEW
Yongshou Yang, Jinhu Tian, Bo Yang
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a severely neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs a child's ability to communicate and interact with others. Children with neurodevelopmental disorder, including ASD, are regularly affected by gastrointestinal problems and dysbiosis of gut microbiota. On the other hand, humans live in a co-evolutionary association with plenty of microorganisms that resident on the exposed and internal surfaces of our bodies. The microbiome, refers to the collection of microbes and their genetic material, confers a variety of physiologic benefits to the host in many key aspects of life as well as being responsible for some diseases...
December 22, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248909/stimulation-of-executive-functions-as-part-of-the-language-intervention-process-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Ingrid Ya I Sun, Cristina Andrade Varanda, Fernanda Dreux Fernandes
AIMS: Identifying effective methods for stimulating language and communication of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to the effective use of available resources to support these children. This pilot study was designed to explore the potential benefits of a program of stimulation of executive functions (SEF) on the functional aspects of language and communication through the assessment of the functional communicative profile and social-cognitive performance. METHODS: Twenty children, aged 5-12 years, with a diagnosis of ASD participated in the study...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238390/modulatory-effect-of-association-of-brain-stimulation-by-light-and-binaural-beats-in-specific-brain-waves
#10
Mauricio Rocha Calomeni, Vernon Furtado da Silva, Bruna Brandão Velasques, Olavo Guimarães Feijó, Juliana Marques Bittencourt, Alair Pedro Ribeiro de Souza E Silva
Introduction: One of the positive effects of brain stimulation is interhemispheric modulation as shown in some scientific studies. This study examined if a type of noninvasive stimulation using binaural beats with led-lights and sound would show different modulatory effects upon Alfa and SMR brain waves of elderlies and children with some disease types. Subjects: The sample included 75 individuals of both genders, being, randomly, divided in 6 groups. Groups were named elderly without dementia diagnosis (EWD), n=15, 76±8 years, elderly diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (EDP), n=15, 72±7 years, elderly diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (EDA), n=15, 81±6 years...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217683/insulin-like-growth-factor-ii-targets-the-mtor-pathway-to-reverse-autism-like-phenotypes-in-mice
#11
Adam B Steinmetz, Sarah A Stern, Amy S Kohtz, Giannina Descalzi, Cristina M Alberini
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterized by impairments in social interaction and repetitive behavior, and is also associated with cognitive deficits. There is no current treatment that can ameliorate most of the ASD symptomatology; thus, identifying novel therapies is urgently needed. We used male BTBR T+Itpr3tf /J (BTBR) mice, a model that reproduces most of the core behavioral phenotypes of ASD, to test the effects of systemic administration of insulin like growth factor II (IGF-II), a polypeptide that crosses the blood brain barrier and acts as a cognitive enhancer...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207797/audit-of-organic-acidurias-from-a-single-centre-clinical-and-metabolic-profile-at-presentation-with-long-term-outcome
#12
Seema Pavaman Sindgikar, Krithika Damodar Shenoy, Nutan Kamath, Rathika Shenoy
Introduction: Organic Acidurias (OA) accounts between 10% and 40% of confirmed Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM) in India. With prompt recognition and management, better survival but adverse neurodevelopmental outcome is reported. Aim: To study the clinical and metabolic presentation, management with immediate and long term outcome of symptomatic children with confirmed OA. Materials and Methods: Hospital based study of symptomatic children diagnosed to have OA between 2003 and 2009 and the survivors followed up over next five years...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186566/long-term-perspectives-of-family-quality-of-life-following-music-therapy-with-young-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-a-phenomenological-study
#13
Grace A Thompson
Background: Parents of children on the autism spectrum have consistently reported feeling uncertain in their parenting role, and desire more practical advice from service providers about how to support their child in the home. There is growing recognition of the need for interventions to provide support to the family as well as fostering child development outcomes. Objective: This study explores mothers' follow-up perspectives of family-centered music therapy (FCMT) four years after participating in a 16-week home-based program, and therefore provides a unique long-term viewpoint on FCMT outcomes...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177710/reflections-on-recent-research-into-animal-assisted-interventions-in-the-military-and-beyond
#14
REVIEW
Christina B Rumayor, Amy M Thrasher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the present review was threefold: to address the current state of Animal-Assisted Interactions (AAI) within the military; to summarize recent literature (within the past three years) in the field of AAI; and to discuss trends in AAI research since 2014. RECENT FINDINGS: With regard to AAI within the military, several canine interaction programs have been utilized to assist service members in coping with various issues. Therapy dogs have been deployed with Combat-Operational Stress Control units; they have been integrated into medical clinics and behavioral health treatment programs in garrison; and policy has been developed to address the use of therapy animals in military treatment facilities...
November 25, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162036/sorafenib-treatment-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-with-diffuse-lung-metastases-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-case-report
#15
Yousuke Higuchi, Takayuki Motoki, Hisashi Ishida, Kiichiro Kanamitsu, Kana Washio, Takanori Oyama, Takuo Noda, Yasuko Tsurumaru, Ayumi Okada, Hirokazu Tsukahara, Akira Shimada
BACKGROUND: Pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma frequently presents with lymph node involvement and distant metastases. Sorafenib, an oral multikinase inhibitor, has been used to treat radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy-refractory thyroid carcinoma in adults; however, pediatric experience is limited. Medical procedures and hospitalization for children with autism spectrum disorder may be challenging. CASE PRESENTATION: An 11-year-old boy with autism spectrum disorder and moderate intellectual impairment presented with dyspnea on exertion with thyroid carcinoma and diffuses lung metastases...
November 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159857/methylphenidate-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Nancy Sturman, Laura Deckx, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently present with inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, which are the cardinal symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The effectiveness of methylphenidate, a commonly used ADHD treatment, is therefore of interest in these children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of methylphenidate for symptoms of ADHD (inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity) and ASD (impairments in social interaction and communication, and repetitive, restricted or stereotypical behaviours) in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years with ASD...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155492/the-prevalence-of-gluten-free-diet-use-among-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Eric Rubenstein, Laura Schieve, Chyrise Bradley, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Eric Moody, Kathleen Thomas, Julie Daniels
Our objective was to estimate prevalence of current or ever use of a gluten free diet (GFD) in children aged 30-68 months with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and population controls (POP); and to identify characteristics associated with ever having used GFD among children with ASD. We used data from the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED), a multi-site, case-control study of children with ASD. Caregivers reported GFD use by their children through structured questionnaires about diet patterns, gastrointestinal (GI) issues, and ASD-specific treatments...
November 20, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147630/sulforaphane-from-broccoli-reduces-symptoms-of-autism-a-follow-up-case-series-from-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#18
Rhoda Lynch, Eileen L Diggins, Susan L Connors, Andrew W Zimmerman, Kanwaljit Singh, Hua Liu, Paul Talalay, Jed W Fahey
Introduction: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects 1 in 68 children, is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication as well as restricted or repetitive behaviors, and varies widely with respect to its causes and presentations. There are no validated pharmacologic treatments for the core symptoms of ASD. The social, medical, and economic burdens of ASD on families and caregivers are profound. We recently showed in a small clinical trial that sulforaphane (SF) from broccoli sprouts could significantly reduce the behavioral symptoms of ASD...
2017: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122693/vitamin-a-improves-the-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-decreases-5-hydroxytryptamine-5-ht-a-pilot-study
#19
Min Guo, Jiang Zhu, Ting Yang, Xi Lai, Xiao Liu, Juan Liu, Jie Chen, Tingyu Li
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are complicated neurodevelopmental disorders. Many studies have demonstrated that children with autism have multiple nutritional deficiencies and increased serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) levels. In our previous study, 77.9% of autistic children were found to have vitamin A deficiency, and the concentration of vitamin A was negatively associated with the CARS score. In the present study, we sought to test whether vitamin A supplementation could improve autistic symptoms and decrease serum 5-HT levels...
November 6, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104681/association-between-beta-sympathomimetic-tocolysis-and-risk-of-autistic-spectrum-disorders-behavioural-and-developmental-outcome-in-toddlers
#20
Mengühan Araz Altay, Işık Görker, Rakhshanda Aslanova, Leyla Bozatlı, Nesrin Turan, Petek Balkanlı Kaplan
AIM: To investigate whether maternal intravenous beta-mimetic tocolytic therapy increases the risk of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and poorer behavioural and developmental outcomes. METHOD: Our study is a prospective case-control study among 90 children between 1.5 and three years old. Cases (n = 46) were toddlers with betamimetic tocolytic exposure; control group toddlers (n = 44) were tocolytic untreated. Treated and untreated groups were also divided into subgroups: term and preterm delivered...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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