keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Therapy autism children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928645/auditory-motor-mapping-training-in-a-more-verbal-child-with-autism
#1
Karen V Chenausky, Andrea C Norton, Gottfried Schlaug
We tested the effect of Auditory-Motor Mapping Training (AMMT), a novel, intonation-based treatment for spoken language originally developed for minimally verbal (MV) children with autism, on a more-verbal child with autism. We compared this child's performance after 25 therapy sessions with that of: (1) a child matched on age, autism severity, and expressive language level who received 25 sessions of a non-intonation-based control treatment Speech Repetition Therapy (SRT); and (2) a matched pair of MV children (one of whom received AMMT; the other, SRT)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923933/longitudinal-identification-of-clinically-distinct-neurophenotypes-in-young-children-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#2
Jennifer L Bruno, David Romano, Paul Mazaika, Amy A Lightbody, Heather Cody Hazlett, Joseph Piven, Allan L Reiss
Fragile X syndrome (FXS), due to mutations of the FMR1 gene, is the most common known inherited cause of developmental disability. The cognitive, behavioral, and neurological phenotypes observed in affected individuals can vary considerably, making it difficult to predict outcomes and determine the need for interventions. We sought to examine early structural brain growth as a potential marker for identification of clinically meaningful subgroups. Participants included 42 very young boys with FXS who completed a T1-weighted anatomical MRI and cognitive/behavioral assessment at two longitudinal time points, with mean ages of 2...
September 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886424/emotional-and-behavioural-needs-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-importance-of-pragmatic-language-impairment
#3
Wenche Andersen Helland, Turid Helland
BACKGROUND: Language problems may negatively affect children's behaviour and have detrimental effects on the development of peer-relations. AIMS: We investigated and compared emotional and behavioural profiles in children with SLI and in children with ASD aged 6-15 years and explored to what extent pragmatic language problems contributed to the emotional and behavioural needs (EBN) in these clinical groups. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The ASD group consisted of 23 children (19 boys; 4 girls) and the SLI group consisted of 20 children (18 boys; 2 girls)...
September 4, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864911/the-effectiveness-of-aquatic-group-therapy-for-improving-water-safety-and-social-interactions-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-pilot-program
#4
Michele L Alaniz, Sheila S Rosenberg, Nicole R Beard, Emily R Rosario
Drowning is the number one cause of accidental death in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Few studies have examined the effectiveness of swim instruction for improving water safety skills in children with moderate to severe ASD. This study examines the feasibility and effectiveness of an aquatic therapy program on water safety and social skills in children with mild to severe ASD (n = 7). Water safety skills were evaluated using the Aquatics Skills Checklist and social skills were measured using the Social Skills Improvement Scale...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864845/delayed-diagnosis-and-treatment-among-children-with-autism-who-experience-adversity
#5
Kristin L Berg, Kruti Acharya, Cheng-Shi Shiu, Michael E Msall
The effects of family adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on timing of ASD diagnoses and receipt of therapies were measured using data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Parametric accelerated failure time models estimated the relationship between family ACEs and both timing of ASD diagnosis and receipt of therapies among US children (age 2-17 years; N = 1624). Compared to children without family ACEs, the adjusted effects of 1-2 and ≥ 3 ACEs resulted in prolonged time of diagnoses with time ratios of 1...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838582/cost-offset-associated-with-early-start-denver-model-for-children-with-autism
#6
Zuleyha Cidav, Jeff Munson, Annette Estes, Geraldine Dawson, Sally Rogers, David Mandell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) for treatment of young children with autism on health care service use and costs. METHOD: We used data from a randomized trial that tested the efficacy of the ESDM, which is based on developmental and applied behavioral analytic principles and delivered by trained therapists and parents, for 2 years. Parents were interviewed about their children's service use every 6 months from the onset of the intervention to follow-up (age 6 years)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836680/basic-science-and-treatment-innovation
#7
EDITORIAL
Jonathan Green
The idea of trans-diagnostic and modular treatments highlighted in this Editorial points the way beyond self-contained 'branded' therapies to a more flexible intervention science responsive to advances in basic science and relevant also to personalisation of therapies. For such approaches to be rigorous, there need to be empirically identified trans-diagnostic target mechanisms. The Editorial reviews two studies of potential mechanisms of this kind in the developmental neurobiology of stress response in children at risk from prenatal maternal stress and post natal neglect and maltreatment...
September 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821218/establishing-fidelity-of-occupational-performance-coaching
#8
Winnie Dunn, Lauren M Little, Ellen Pope, Anna Wallisch
As the call for evidence-based practices has risen, discussions about the fidelity of those practices have received increased attention. Although research suggests that Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) is effective, a systematic evaluation of the fidelity of OPC is needed. The purpose of this study was to test fidelity of OPC intervention through study design, training, monitoring, and intervention receipt, and to offer the structure from this study as a guide for other programs of research and practice...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798541/animal-assisted-therapies-for-youth-with-or-at-risk-for-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-review
#9
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Mary Acri, Meghan Morrissey, Robin Peth-Pierce
To systematically review experimental evidence about animal-assisted therapies (AAT) for children or adolescents with or at risk for mental health conditions, we reviewed all experimental AAT studies published between 2000-2015, and compared studies by animal type, intervention, and outcomes. METHODS: Studies were included if used therapeutically for children and adolescents (≤21 years) with or at risk for a mental health problem; used random assignment or a waitlist comparison/control group; and included child-specific outcome data...
2017: Applied Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770527/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-versus-a-counselling-intervention-for-anxiety-in-young-people-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Suzanne M Murphy, Uttom Chowdhury, Susan W White, Laura Reynolds, Louisa Donald, Hilary Gahan, Zeinab Iqbal, Mahesh Kulkarni, Louise Scrivener, Hadi Shaker-Naeeni, Dee A Press
The use of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) as a treatment for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been explored in a number of trials. Whilst CBT appears superior to no treatment or treatment as usual, few studies have assessed CBT against a control group receiving an alternative therapy. Our randomised controlled trial compared use of CBT against person-centred counselling for anxiety in 36 young people with ASD, ages 12-18. Outcome measures included parent- teacher- and self-reports of anxiety and social disability...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762160/parental-outcomes-following-participation-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Andrea L Maughan, Jonathan A Weiss
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) benefit from parent involvement in their therapy, and there is evidence that this involvement may improve parent functioning as well. We examined changes in parent mental health, parenting, and expressed emotion, following participation in a randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy for 57 children with ASD. Post-intervention, improvements occurred in the treatment group in parent depression and emotion regulation, compared to waitlisted parents. Treatment effects also occurred across all parents in depression, emotion regulation, perceptions of their children and mindful parenting...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733851/autism-and-equine-assisted-interventions-a-systematic-mapping-review
#12
B Caitlin McDaniel Peters, Wendy Wood
This systematic mapping review mapped current knowledge of equine-assisted interventions for people with autism to help guide future practice and research. Thirty-three studies including children and adolescents with autism, 3 of which confirmed diagnoses, were reviewed. Five types of equine-assisted activities were identified across 25 studies, with reported improvements in behavior, social interaction, and communication. Four types of equine-assisted therapies were identified across 8 studies, with reported improvements in motor control and self-care...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719227/simvastatin-as-an-adjunctive-therapy-to-risperidone-in-treatment-of-autism-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Fatemeh Shirzad, Mohammad-Ali Karkhaneh-Yousefi, Rasoul Khezri, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Providing novel treatments for autism has been a subject of long-standing research. Based on etiopathological findings, we aim at assessing potential therapeutic effects of statins, here simvastatin, on autism symptoms for the first time. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group 10-week clinical trial, 70 drug-free children aged 4 to 12 years old with diagnosis of autistic disorder based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, who had an Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community (ABC-C) scale irritability subscale score of ≥12, were equally randomized to receive either simvastatin (20-40 mg/day) or placebo as an adjunct to risperidone (1-2 mg/day) whereas administration of both drugs was started simultaneously from baseline...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714100/why-is-it-so-hard-to-reach-agreement-on-terminology-the-case-of-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#14
Dorothy V M Bishop
A recent project entitled CATALISE used the Delphi method to reach a consensus on terminology for unexplained language problems in children. 'Developmental language disorder' (DLD) was the term agreed by a panel of 57 experts. Here I reflect on points of difficulty that arose when attempting to reach a consensus, using qualitative information from comments made by panel members to illustrate the kinds of argument used. One issue of debate was the use of labels, in particular the term 'disorder', which was seen as having both pros and cons...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710305/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-say-barber-biesecker-young-simpson-syndrome
#15
Jessica Merritt, Joseph C Hart, Tracy L LeGrow
Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson syndrome (SBBYSS), also known as Ohdo syndrome SBBYS type, is a rare genetic disorder characterised by dysmorphic facial features and severe intellectual disability, as well as cardiac, dental and hearing abnormalities. There has been little psychiatric or psychological description of children with SBBYSS, although previous reports noted repetitive self-injurious behaviours, sensitivity to light and noise and severe deficits in communication. In this report, a 4-year-old male with SBBYSS is described with a focus on psychiatric and psychological assessment, including formal testing for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698772/examining-the-causes-of-autism
#16
David G Amaral
Autism is a broad, complex, and increasingly important brain disorder. New data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention indicate that one in sixty-eight children is born with some degree of autism. Autism is also more common in males by a four to one ratio. Making it especially difficult to discuss in finite, conclusive terms is the fact that there is no biological test for autism; diagnosis is based on behavior, and the only verified treatment is intensive behavior therapy. Our author, one of the nation's foremost researchers on autism, examines the prenatal factors that contribute to the disorder...
January 2017: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693400/formulating-autism-systemically-part-2-a-12-year-prospective-case-study
#17
Nicky Brewerton, Katrina Robson, Patricia M Crittenden
This prospective case study illustrates the ideas on the developmental origins of some cases of autism that were described in Part 1 of this article. We explored and found support for several systemic hypotheses regarding the experience of 'Graeme' and his mother. Graeme's story is told prospectively from the age of 3 until 15. Three independent sources of information are reported: hypotheses from the literature and case review in Part 1 of this article, the school's experience, and observations from the assessments of attachment when Graeme was turning 6...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692449/fidget-spinners-purported-benefits-adverse-effects-and-accepted-alternatives
#18
Rachel A Schecter, Jay Shah, Kate Fruitman, Ruth Lynn Milanaik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the span of a few months, fidget spinners have caught the eyes of millions of children, parents, educators and paediatricians. Fidget spinners, hand-held toys designed to spin freely in your grasp, have become a source of entertainment for consumers of all ages. Despite a lack of scientific evidence, toy marketers have advertised the benefits of fidget spinners for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and other disorders (e.g. autism, anxiety, sensory issues)...
July 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691542/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-york-measure-of-quality-of-intensive-behavioral-intervention
#19
Ulrika Långh, Elodie Cauvet, Martin Hammar, Sven Bölte
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is widely applied in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Little research has addressed the significance of adherence to EIBI practices for treatment outcomes. The York Measure of Quality of Intensive Behavioral Intervention (YMQI) was designed to assess EIBI quality delivery in Ontario, Canada. The objective of this study was to examine the cross-cultural validity of the YMQI in a clinical Swedish community sample of 30 boys and four girls with autism aged 2...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690686/vagus-nerve-stimulation-as-a-potential-adjuvant-to-behavioral-therapy-for-autism-and-other-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Crystal T Engineer, Seth A Hays, Michael P Kilgard
BACKGROUND: Many children with autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders undergo expensive, time-consuming behavioral interventions that often yield only modest improvements. The development of adjunctive interventions that can increase the benefit of rehabilitation therapies is essential in order to improve the lives of individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders. MAIN TEXT: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an FDA approved therapy that is safe and effective in reducing seizure frequency and duration in individuals with epilepsy...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
keyword
keyword
107116
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"