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Devic syndrome

Aoife Healy, Sybil Farmer, Anand Pandyan, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Assistive products are items which allow older people and people with disabilities to be able to live a healthy, productive and dignified life. It has been estimated that approximately 1.5% of the world's population need a prosthesis or orthosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically identify and review the evidence from randomized controlled trials assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of prosthetic and orthotic interventions...
2018: PloS One
Federico Gennaro, Eling D de Bruin
Assessment of the cortical role during bipedalism has been a methodological challenge. While surface electroencephalography (EEG) is capable of non-invasively measuring cortical activity during human locomotion, it is associated with movement artifacts obscuring cerebral sources of activity. Recently, statistical methods based on blind source separation revealed potential for resolving this issue, by segregating non-cerebral/artifactual from cerebral sources of activity. This step marked a new opportunity for the investigation of the brains' role while moving and was tagged mobile brain/body imaging (MoBI)...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Katharina Feil, Regina Feuerecker, Nicolina Goldschagg, Ralf Strobl, Thomas Brandt, Albrecht von Müller, Eva Grill, Michael Strupp
Background: Making the correct diagnosis of patients presenting with vertigo and dizziness in clinical practice is often challenging. Objective: In this study we examined the performance of the iPad based program me d x in the prediction of different clinical vertigo and dizziness diagnoses and as a diagnostic tool to distinguish between them. Patients and methods: The data collection was done in the outpatient clinic of the German Center of Vertigo and Balance Disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Alessandro Proclemer, Massimo Zecchin, Antonio D'Onofrio, Giuseppe Boriani, Domenico Facchin, Luca Rebellato, Marco Ghidina, Giulia Bianco, Emanuela Bernardelli, Elsa Pucher, Dario Gregori
BACKGROUND: The pacemaker (PM) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) registry of the Italian Association of Arrhythmology and Cardiac Pacing (AIAC) monitors the main epidemiological data in real-world practice. The survey for the 2016 activity collects information about demographics, clinical characteristics, main indications for PM/ICD therapy and device types from the Italian collaborating centers. METHODS: The registry collects prospectively national PM and ICD implantation activity on the basis of European cards...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
C Overbergh, S Installe, A Boudewyns, K Van Hoorenbeeck, S L Verhulst
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is being increasingly used in children of all age ranges. The limited number of commercially available masks especially in infants and young children may complicate its use and compliance. In this report, we describe our experience with the use of the Optiflow™ (Fisher and Paykel Healthcare) Nasal Cannula attached to a regular CPAP device in the setting of chronic CPAP use. This interface consists of a nasal cannula and was originally designed for the delivery of high-flow oxygen therapy...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
Netanja S Ter Maaten, Daniel M Mazzaferro, Ari M Wes, Sanjay Naran, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
BACKGROUND: Posterior vault distraction osteogenesis (PVDO) is believed to improve frontal contour in infants with syndromic craniosynostosis and turribrachycephaly. This study provides an objective craniometric analysis to determine how PVDO affects anterior cranial morphology. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent PVDO was performed. Inclusion criteria included pre- and postoperative computed tomography (CT) scans within 3 months before surgery and another 1 to 6 months after device removal...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sandra Vuk Pisk, Tomislav Vuk, Ena Ivezić, Irena Jukić, Jasna Bingulac-Popović, Igor Filipčić
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ABO alleles is different in different populations, and many studies have shown a correlation between the occurrences of some diseases and different genotypes of ABO blood groups. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a significant association between psychiatric syndromes and ABO blood groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study involved 156 psychiatric patients and 303 healthy, unrelated, voluntary blood donors...
February 15, 2018: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
Alessandra Molteni, Zubair Ph Masri, Kenny Wq Low, Haitham N Yousef, Johann Sienz, Katharine H Fraser
Ventricular assist devices have become the standard therapy for end-stage heart failure. However, their use is still associated with severe adverse events related to the damage done to the blood by fluid dynamic stresses. This damage relates to both the stress magnitude and the length of time the blood is exposed to that stress. We created a dye washout technique which combines experimental and numerical approaches to measure the washout times of ventricular assist devices. The technique was used to investigate washout characteristics of three commercially available and clinically used ventricular assist devices: the CentriMag, HVAD and HeartMate II...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Alexandru Eugen Nicolau, Adrian Lobonţiu, Silviu Constantinoiu
GERD has become one of the most frequent pathology of the upper GI tract. It is a spectrum disease and is a progressive disease as well. Serious and severe complications are possible. The mainstream therapy in most of the patients is the medical therapy with PPI's. The most severe cases with an impaired LES (Lower Esophageal Sphincter) function as well as important anatomical disruptions are of surgical indication, the gold standard being laparoscopic fundoplication, an elective therapy with long term follow up outcomes at the expense of de novo symptoms associated with fundoplications in general...
January 2018: Chirurgia
Anneli Uusküla, Mait Raag, Sigrid Vorobjov, Don Des Jarlais
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing contraceptive availability, unintended pregnancy remains a global problem. Developing strategies to reverse this trend and increasing occurrence of withdrawal syndrome among newborn children of females currently injecting drugs warrants special attention. The knowledge base on the uptake of effective contraception among females who inject drugs (FWID) is scant. We aimed to examine the prevalence of and factors associated with the use of non-condom contraceptives among sexually active FWID with the focus on effective contraception...
March 5, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
Ross Lynds, Brock Hansen, Preston H Blomquist, V Vinod Mootha
PURPOSE: To examine the outcomes of resident-performed manual small-incision cataract surgery (SICS) in an urban academic setting. SETTING: Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Texas, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Manual SICS was used only in selected cases for which phacoemulsification was expected to be difficult, namely for mature or brunescent cataracts, traumatic cataracts, and pseudoexfoliation syndrome or other causes of zonular weakness...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Iñigo Aramendia, Unai Fernandez-Gamiz, Alberto Lopez-Arraiza, Carmen Rey-Santano, Victoria Mielgo, Francisco Jose Basterretxea, Javier Sancho, Miguel Angel Gomez-Solaetxe
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) represents one of the major causes of mortality among preterm infants, and the best approach to treat it is an open research issue. The use of perfluorocarbons (PFC) along with non-invasive respiratory support techniques has proven the usefulness of PFC as a complementary substance to achieve a more homogeneous surfactant distribution. The aim of this work was to study the inhaled particles generated by means of an intracorporeal inhalation catheter, evaluating the size and mass distribution of different PFC aerosols...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Peta M A Alexander, Alan W Nugent, Piers E F Daubeney, Katherine J Lee, Lynn A Sleeper, Tibor Schuster, Christian Turner, Andrew M Davis, Chris Semsarian, Steven D Colan, Terry Robertson, James Ramsay, Robert Justo, Gary F Sholler, Ingrid King, Robert G Weintraub
Background -Late survival and symptomatic status of children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have not been well defined. We examined long-term outcomes for pediatric HCM. Methods -The National Australian Childhood Cardiomyopathy Study is a longitudinal population-based cohort study of children (0-10 years) diagnosed with cardiomyopathy between 1987 and 1996. The primary study end-point was time to death or cardiac transplantation. Results -There were 80 patients with HCM with median age at diagnosis of 0...
February 28, 2018: Circulation
Abdullah Ahmed Ghazi, Malak Abuzgaya, Mai Banakhar, Magdy Hassouna
Objective: The aim of the current research project was to study the role of the Neurometer® as a tool to predict responders to sacral neuromodulation therapy (SNM). Material and methods: This was a prospective, open study in male and female patients, aged 18 and over with voiding dysfunction [non-obstructive retention and/or frequency/ urgency syndrome]. The first group underwent a screening test to evaluate percutaneous nerve functions (PNE) and to determine whether they are candidates for SNM with the InterStim® ...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Mueez Waqar, Jonathan R Ellenbogen, Conor Mallucci
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is increasingly used in place of shunt revision for shunt malfunction (secondary ETV). This review provides a comprehensive overview of preoperative, operative and postoperative considerations for patients undergoing a secondary ETV. Preoperatively, patient selection is vital and there is evidence that secondary ETV is more effective than primary ETV in certain hydrocephalic aetiologies. Operative considerations include use of neuronavigation and consideration of surgeon technical experience due to anatomical differences that are likely to accompany chronic shunting, management of existing shunt hardware and the use of temporary external ventricular drains or short/long-term ventricular access devices...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Alyssa M Merbler, Breanne J Byiers, John J Garcia, Timothy J Feyma, Frank J Symons
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurodevelopmental disorder primarily caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene. Sleep problems are reported by the majority of caregivers of individuals with RTT. METHODS: The present study aimed to replicate and extend previous work about the feasibility of measuring sleep with an actigraph device in a sample of girls with clinically diagnosed RTT (N = 13, mean age = 9 years, 5 months). Participants wore an actigraph device day and night for seven consecutive days...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Kalaimani Elango, Anne B Curtis
Clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of cardiac implantable electrical devices, which include pacemakers, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), with respect to key clinical outcomes and survival. Women more often require permanent pacing for sick sinus syndrome, whereas atrioventricular block is more common in men. Women appear to have a higher incidence of complications with pacemaker implantation, as well as with ICD and CRT implantation. The indications for ICDs and CRT do not have any distinctions based on sex, and outcomes are comparable in men and women...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Pietro Palmisano, Matteo Ziacchi, Mauro Biffi, Renato P Ricci, Maurizio Landolina, Massimo Zoni-Berisso, Eraldo Occhetta, Giampiero Maglia, Gianluca Botto, Luigi Padeletti, Giuseppe Boriani
: The purpose of this two-part consensus document is to provide specific suggestions (based on an extensive literature review) on appropriate pacemaker setting in relation to patients' clinical features. In part 2, criteria for pacemaker choice and programming in atrioventricular blocks and neurally mediate syncope are proposed. The atrioventricular blocks can be paroxysmal or persistent, isolated or associated with sinus node disease. Neurally mediated syncope can be related to carotid sinus syndrome or cardioinhibitory vasovagal syncope...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
K P Letsas, S Xydonas, N Karamichalakis, M Efremidis, D Manolatos, G Bazoukis, D Asvestas, K Vlachos, S Georgopoulos, A Saplaouras, J Winter, A Sideris
BACKGROUND: The conventional technique for subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) implantation has been associated with pocket complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an alternative intermuscular technique for S‑ICD implantation. METHODS: S-ICDs were implanted in ten consecutive patients (ten males, mean age: 46.8 ± 14.7 years). The pocket for the pulse generator was made above the serratus anterior muscular fascia and beneath the latissimus dorsi muscle by detaching the fibrous tissue between the muscles...
February 21, 2018: Herz
S Mishra, J C Mohan, Tiny Nair, V K Chopra, S Harikrishnan, S Guha, S Ramakrishnan, S Ray, R Sethi, U C Samal, K Sarat Chandra, M S Hiremath, A K Banerjee, S Kumar, M K Das, P K Deb, V K Bahl
Heart failure is a common clinical syndrome and a global health priority. The burden of heart failure is increasing at an alarming rate worldwide as well as in India. Heart failure not only increases the risk of mortality, morbidity and worsens the patient's quality of life, but also puts a huge burden on the overall healthcare system. The management of heart failure has evolved over the years with the advent of new drugs and devices. This document has been developed with an objective to provide standard management guidance and simple heart failure algorithms to aid Indian clinicians in their daily practice...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
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