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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633633/utilization-and-farmers-knowledge-on-pigeonpea-diversity-in-benin-west-africa
#1
Mathieu Anatole Tele Ayenan, Agyemang Danquah, Léonard Essehou Ahoton, Kwadwo Ofori
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors driving farmers' uses of crop genetic resources is a key component not only to design appropriate conservation strategies but also to promote sustainable production. However, in Benin, limited information is available on farmers' knowledge related to pigeonpea uses and conservation. This study aimed at i) identifying and investigating the different uses of pigeonpea in relation with socio-cultural factors, namely age, gender, ethnic group and respondents' residence, ii) assessing pigeonpea varieties richness at household level and iii) evaluating the extent and distribution of pigeonpea varieties...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633120/heatwave-and-infants-hospital-admissions-under-different-heatwave-definitions
#2
Zhiwei Xu, James Lewis Crooks, Deborah Black, Wenbiao Hu, Shilu Tong
OBJECTIVES: Data on the health impacts of heatwaves in infants are limited, and this study aimed to examine how heatwaves affect hospital admissions in infants. METHODS: A quasi-Poisson generalized additive model was used to assess the effects of heatwaves on hospital admissions in infants from 1st January 2005 to 31st December 2015 in Brisbane, Australia, using a series of heatwave definitions after controlling for possible confounders. A case-only analysis was conducted to examine the possible modification effects of personal and community characteristics on the heatwaves effects on infants' hospital admissions...
June 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632081/meeting-other-moms-lesbian-adoptive-mothers-relationships-with-other-parents-at-school-and-beyond
#3
Abbie E Goldberg, Reihonna L Frost, Melissa H Manley, Kaitlin A Black
Little research has examined the friendships of lesbian parents, especially within the context of children's schools. This study of 40 lesbian adoptive parents (20 couples) focused on their relationships with other parents in the school community and how sexual orientation, race, and class dynamics impacted these relationships. Half of the participants described friendships with parents at the school, sometimes in spite of demographic differences, whereas others felt disconnected due to these differences. Outside of school, most participants reported friendships with other lesbian/gay parents...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626057/abnormal-p-wave-axis-and-ischemic-stroke-the-aric-study-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities
#4
Ankit Maheshwari, Faye L Norby, Elsayed Z Soliman, Ryan J Koene, Mary R Rooney, Wesley T O'Neal, Alvaro Alonso, Lin Y Chen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Abnormal P-wave axis (aPWA) has been linked to incident atrial fibrillation and mortality; however, the relationship between aPWA and stroke has not been reported. We hypothesized that aPWA is associated with ischemic stroke independent of atrial fibrillation and other stroke risk factors and tested our hypothesis in the ARIC study (Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities), a community-based prospective cohort study. METHODS: We included 15 102 participants (aged 54...
June 16, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611723/the-biological-or-cultural-essence-of-essentialism-implications-for-policy-support-among-dominant-and-subordinated-groups
#5
Nur Soylu Yalcinkaya, Sara Estrada-Villalta, Glenn Adams
Most research links (racial) essentialism to negative intergroup outcomes. We propose that this conclusion reflects both a narrow conceptual focus on biological/genetic essence and a narrow research focus from the perspective of racially dominant groups. We distinguished between beliefs in biological and cultural essences, and we investigated the implications of this distinction for support of social justice policies (e.g., affirmative action) among people with dominant (White) and subordinated (e.g., Black, Latino) racial identities in the United States...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611008/the-female-athlete-body-fab-study-rationale-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#6
Tiffany M Stewart, Tarryn Pollard, Tom Hildebrandt, Robbie Beyl, Nicole Wesley, Lisa Smith Kilpela, Carolyn Black Becker
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders (EDs) are serious psychiatric illnesses marked by psychiatric comorbidity, medical complications, and functional impairment. Research indicates that female athletes are often at greater risk for developing ED pathology versus non-athlete females. The Female Athlete Body (FAB) study is a three-site, randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to assess the efficacy of a behavioral ED prevention program for female collegiate athletes when implemented by community providers...
June 10, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607352/consistent-effects-of-nitrogen-fertilization-on-soil-bacterial-communities-in-black-soils-for-two-crop-seasons-in-china
#7
Jing Zhou, Xin Jiang, Dan Wei, Baisuo Zhao, Mingchao Ma, Sanfeng Chen, Fengming Cao, Delong Shen, Dawei Guan, Jun Li
Long-term use of inorganic nitrogen (N) fertilization has greatly influenced the bacterial community in black soil of northeast China. It is unclear how N affects the bacterial community in two successive crop seasons in the same field for this soil type. We sampled soils from a long-term fertilizer experimental field in Harbin city with three N gradients. We applied sequencing and quantitative PCR targeting at the 16S rRNA gene to examine shifts in bacterial communities and test consistent shifts and driving-factors bacterial responses to elevated N additions...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606731/cognitive-function-and-kidney-disease-baseline-data-from-the%C3%A2-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial-sprint
#8
Daniel E Weiner, Sarah A Gaussoin, John Nord, Alexander P Auchus, Gordon J Chelune, Michel Chonchol, Laura Coker, William E Haley, Anthony A Killeen, Paul L Kimmel, Alan J Lerner, Suzanne Oparil, Mohammad G Saklayen, Yelena M Slinin, Clinton B Wright, Jeff D Williamson, Manjula Kurella Tamura
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is common and is associated with cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and cognitive function, although the nature of this relationship remains uncertain. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort using baseline data from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Participants in SPRINT, a randomized clinical trial of blood pressure targets in older community-dwelling adults with cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, or high cardiovascular disease risk and without diabetes or known stroke, who underwent detailed neurocognitive testing in the cognition substudy, SPRINT-Memory and Cognition in Decreased Hypertension (SPRINT-MIND)...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605987/longitudinal-study-of-changing-psychological-outcomes-following-the-victorian-black-saturday-bushfires
#9
Richard A Bryant, Lisa Gibbs, Hugh Colin Gallagher, Phillipa Pattison, Dean Lusher, Colin MacDougall, Louise Harms, Karen Block, Vikki Sinnott, Greg Ireton, John Richardson, David Forbes
OBJECTIVES: To map the changing prevalence and predictors of psychological outcomes in affected communities 5 years following the Black Saturday bushfires in Victoria. METHOD: Follow-up assessment of longitudinal cohort study in high, medium and non-affected communities in Victoria, Australia. Participants included 1017 respondents (Wave 1) interviewed via telephone and web-based survey between December 2011 and January 2013, and 735 (76.1%) eligible participants were retested between July and November 2014 (Wave 2)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605456/thyroid-function-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-incident-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#10
Seth S Martin, Natalie Daya, Pamela L Lutsey, Kunihiro Matsushita, Anna Fretz, John W McEvoy, Roger S Blumenthal, Josef Coresh, Philip Greenland, Anna Kottgen, Elizabeth Selvin
Context: Cardiovascular outcomes in mild thyroid dysfunction (treatment controversial) and moderate or severe dysfunction (treatment standard) remain uncertain. Objective: To examine cross-sectional and prospective associations of thyroid function with cardiovascular risk factors and events. Design: In the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, we measured concentrations of thyrotropin (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), and total triiodothyronine (T3) in stored serum samples originally collected in 1990-92...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604428/hiv-among-msm-and-heterosexual-women-in-the-united-states-an-ecologic-analysis
#11
H Fisher Raymond, Alia Al-Tayyib, Alan Neaigus, Kathleen H Reilly, Sarah Braunstein, Kathleen A Brady, Ekow Sey, Jan Risser, Paige Padget, Marlene Lalota, John-Mark Schacht, David W Forrest, Katie Macomber, Vivian Griffin, Emily Higgins, William T Robinson, Meagan C Zarwell, Jenevieve Opoku, Manya Magnus, Irene Kuo, Richard Burt, Hanne Thiede, Sara Glick, Colin Flynn, Danielle German
BACKGROUND: Phylogenetic studies show links between heterosexual women and men who have sex with men (MSM) that are more numerous than from heterosexual men to women suggesting that HIV infections among heterosexual women may stem from MSM. Poor communities have been associated with high rates of HIV among heterosexual women. Our analysis investigates potential transmission of HIV between MSM and female heterosexuals. METHODS: National HIV Behavioral Surveillance data describe transmission risk behaviors of MSM, and HIV case reporting data describe the percentages of cases that are attributed to transmission risk categories...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602772/urine-leakage-during-sexual-activity-among-ethnically-diverse-community-dwelling-middle-aged-and-older-women
#12
Nagambika Munaganuru, Stephen K van den Eeden, Jennifer Creasman, Leslee L Subak, Lisa Strano-Paul, Alison J Huang
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is associated with decreased female sexual function, but little is known about the prevalence, predictors, and impact of urine leakage during sexual activity among women in the community. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and impact of urine leakage during sex in ethnically-diverse, community-dwelling midlife and older women. STUDY DESIGN: Urinary incontinence and sexual function were assessed by structured questionnaire in a multi-ethnic, community-based cohort of women enrolled in Kaiser Permanente Northern California, an integrated healthcare delivery system in California...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601102/food-insecurity-and-pre-diabetes-in-adults-race-ethnic-and-sex-differences
#13
Rosenda Murillo, Layton M Reesor, Claudia W Scott, Daphne C Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: We examined sex and race/ethnicity differences in the association between food insecurity status and prediabetes among adults. METHOD: We used cross-sectional 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Survey data on non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic adults aged 18-59 years whose household income was ≤ 299% Federal Poverty Line (N = 19,048). Food insecurity status was determined by 3 or more affirmative responses on the 10-item USDA Food Security Scale...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596618/development-of-a-cross-cultural-hpv-community-engagement-model-within-scotland
#14
Elaine Carnegie, Anne Whittaker, Carol Gray Brunton, Rhona Hogg, Catriona Kennedy, Shona Hilton, Seeromanie Harding, Kevin G Pollock, Janette Pow
OBJECTIVE: To examine cultural barriers and participant solutions regarding acceptance and uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine from the perspective of Black African, White-Caribbean, Arab, Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani young people. METHODS: In total, 40 young people from minority ethnic communities in Scotland took part in a qualitative study, involving seven focus groups and four paired interviews, to explore their views and experiences of the HPV vaccine...
June 2017: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595446/life-perceptions-of-patients-receiving-palliative-care-and-experiencing-psycho-social-spiritual-healing
#15
Lingsheng Li, Danetta H Sloan, Ambereen K Mehta, Gordon Willis, Meaghann S Weaver, Ann C Berger
BACKGROUND: It is important to identify, from the patients' perspectives, the different factors that contribute toward psycho-social-spiritual healing. METHODS: This was a qualitative study that took place at a large research center, an underserved clinic, and a community hospital. We used a needs assessment questionnaire and open-ended questions to assess the constituents of psycho-social-spiritual healing: (I) how previous life experiences affected patients' present situations in dealing with their illnesses; (II) barriers to palliative care, and (III) benefits of palliative care...
June 3, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592547/performance-of-the-abbott-realtime-mtb-and-mtb-rif-inh-assays-in-a-high-tb-and-hiv-coinfection-setting-in-south-africa
#16
Lesley Scott, Anura David, Lara Noble, Matilda Nduna, Pedro Da Silva, Andrew Black, Francois Venter, Wendy Stevens
Background: South Africa is a country with a high incidence of tuberculosis (TB), complicated by coinfection with HIV. The Xpert MTB/RIF (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) is used in South Africa as the test for initial diagnosis of TB, and other molecular platforms such as the m2000 (Abbott Molecular, Des Plaines, IL, USA) are widely used for molecular monitoring of HIV viral load. This latter platform is now also equipped with the RealTime MTB and RealTime MTB RIF/INH assays for TB and first line drug resistance screening, but has not been evaluated in settings of HIV and TB coinfection...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592244/optimising-child-outcomes-from-parenting-interventions-fathers-experiences-preferences-and-barriers-to-participation
#17
Lucy A Tully, Patrycja J Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Kathleen S Mairet, Nicola Black, Eva R Kimonis, David J Hawes, Caroline Moul, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Paul J Frick, Vicki Anderson, Mark R Dadds
BACKGROUND: Early childhood interventions can have both immediate and long-term positive effects on cognitive, behavioural, health and education outcomes. Fathers are underrepresented in interventions focusing on the well-being of children. However, father participation may be critical for intervention effectiveness, especially for parenting interventions for child externalising problems. To date, there has been very little research conducted to understand the low rates of father participation and to facilitate the development of interventions to meet the needs of fathers...
June 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592217/screening-of-trace-metal-supplementation-for-black-water-anaerobic-digestion
#18
Adriana F M Braga, Maria Beatriz O C Pereira, Marcelo Zaiat, Gustavo H R da Silva, Fernando G Fermoso
Community on-site separation of wastewater is a treatment approach that leads to more efficient processes, with former pollutants considered resources to be recycled. Black water has high organic matter content and can be a suitable feedstock for anaerobic treatment systems. Biological methane production (BMP) tests were conducted using Plackett-Burman design to screen the effects of adding Fe, Ni, Cu, Co, Mn, Ba and Se, with simulated black water (SBW) as the substrate. In the inoculum, most metals were found mainly in the organic matter/sulfide and residual fractions except for Mn, which was present at 12...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591214/-the-devil-has-entered-you-a-qualitative-study-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-and-the-stigma-and-discrimination-they-experience-from-healthcare-professionals-and-the-general-community-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#19
Stela Stojisavljevic, Bosiljka Djikanovic, Bojana Matejic
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are often exposed to unequal treatment in societies worldwide as well as to various forms of stigma and discrimination in healthcare services. Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) is a postconflict developing country located in Southeast Europe and the Western Balkans, where little is known about the experiences of MSM regarding their communities and interactions with healthcare services. The aim of this study was to explore the types of experiences MSM face and to assess the level of stigma and discrimination they are exposed to in this setting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588108/cross-sectional-analysis-of-two-social-determinants-of-health-in-california-cities-racial-ethnic-and-geographic-disparities
#20
Dulce Bustamante-Zamora, Neil Maizlish
OBJECTIVE: To study the magnitude and direction of city-level racial and ethnic differences in poverty and education to characterise health equity and social determinants of health in California cities. DESIGN: We used data from the American Community Survey, United States Census Bureau, 2006-2010, and calculated differences in the prevalence of poverty and low educational attainment in adults by race/ethnicity and by census tracts within California cities. For race/ethnicity comparisons, when the referent group (p2) to calculate the difference (p1-p2) was the non-Hispanic White population (considered a historically advantaged group), a positive difference was considered a health inequity...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
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