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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351597/a-systematic-review-of-health-promotion-interventions-to-increase-breast-cancer-screening-uptake-from-the-last-12-years
#1
Feleke Doyore Agide, Roya Sadeghi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Bereket Molla Tigabu
Background: The outcome of breast cancer treatment largely depends on the timing of detection. The health promotion interventions have an immense contribution to early detection and improved survival. Therefore, this review aimed to provide evidence on the efficacy of the health promotion interventions to increase the uptake of breast cancer screening and to develop effective interventions targeting women. Methods: Online databases (PubMed/MEDLINE/PubMed Central, Ovid/MEDILINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and Google Scholar) were searched for studies published between January 2005 and January 2017...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349270/breaking-down-the-monolith-understanding-flu-vaccine-uptake-among-african-americans
#2
Sandra Crouse Quinn, Amelia Jamison, Ji An, Vicki S Freimuth, Gregory R Hancock, Donald Musa
Black adults are significantly less likely to be immunized for seasonal influenza when compared to Whites. This persistent disparity contributes to increased influenza-related morbidity and mortality in the African American population. Most scholarship on vaccine disparities has compared Whites and Blacks. Employing Public Health Critical Race Praxis, this study seeks to shift the focus to explore differences within the Black population. Utilizing a nationally-representative 2015 survey of US Black adults (n = 806), we explore differences by gender, age, income, and education across vaccine-related measures (e...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347840/barriers-and-enablers-to-the-implementation-of-school-wellness-policies-an-economic-perspective
#3
Brittany R Schuler, Brit I Saksvig, Joy Nduka, Susannah Beckerman, Lea Jaspers, Maureen M Black, Erin R Hager
BACKGROUND: Local wellness policies (LWPs) are mandated among school systems to enhance nutrition/physical activity opportunities in schools. Prior research notes disparities in LWP implementation. This study uses mixed methods to examine barriers/enablers to LWP implementation, comparing responses by student body income. METHOD: Schools ( n = 744, 24 systems) completed an LWP implementation barriers/enablers survey. Semistructured interviews ( n = 20 random subsample) described barriers/enablers...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345750/mobility-trajectories-at-the-end-of-life-comparing-clinical-condition-and-latent-class-approaches
#4
June R Lunney, Steven M Albert, Robert Boudreau, Diane Ives, Suzanne Satterfield, Anne B Newman, Tamara Harris
OBJECTIVES: To assess mobility disability trajectories before death in a large sample of very old adults using two analytical approaches to determine how well they corresponded. DESIGN: Decedent sample from the Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study. Data were collected between 1997 and 2015. SETTING: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Memphis, Tennessee. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals randomly selected from well-functioning white Medicare beneficiaries and all black community residents meeting age criteria (70-79) (N = 3,075)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344773/beyond-content-cultural-perspectives-on-using-the-internet-to-deliver-a-sexual-health-intervention-to-american-indian-youth
#5
Kirsten J Black, Bradley Morse, Nicole Tuitt, CeCe Big Crow, Carly Shangreau, Carol E Kaufman
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) youth are characterized by high rates of pregnancy and risky sexual behavior. Reaching these youth with culturally appropriate interventions is difficult due to geographic dispersion and cultural isolation. Online interventions can provide opportunities for reaching and engaging AIAN youth. However, electronic interventions are also impersonal and this can be culturally incongruous for AIANs and other populations for whom traditional ceremonies, practices and patterns of interpersonal communication are central...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342298/periodontal-disease-assessed-using-clinical-dental-measurements-and-cancer-risk-in-the-aric-study
#6
Dominique S Michaud, Jiayun Lu, Alexandra Y Peacock-Villada, John R Barber, Corinne E Joshu, Anna E Prizment, James D Beck, Steven Offenbacher, Elizabeth A Platz
Background: While evidence is increasingly consistent with a positive association between periodontitis and cancer risk, most studies have relied on self-reported periodontitis. In this study, we prospectively evaluated the association of periodontal disease severity with cancer risk in black and white older adults in a cohort study that included a dental examination. Methods: Included were 7466 participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study cohort who at visit 4 (1996-1998) reported being edentulous or underwent the dental examination...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342169/interactions-between-the-invasive-burmese-python-python-bivittatus-kuhl-and-the-local-mosquito-community-in-florida-usa
#7
Lawrence E Reeves, Kenneth L Krysko, Michael L Avery, Jennifer L Gillett-Kaufman, Akito Y Kawahara, C Roxanne Connelly, Phillip E Kaufman
The Burmese python, Python bivittatus Kuhl, is a well-established invasive species in the greater Everglades ecosystem of southern Florida, USA. Most research on its ecological impacts focuses on its role as a predator and its trophic interactions with native vertebrate species, particularly mammals. Beyond predation, there is little known about the ecological interactions between P. bivittatus and native faunal communities. It is likely that established populations of P. bivittatus in southern Florida serve as hosts for native mosquito communities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340577/lactation-duration-and-progression-to-diabetes-in-women-across-the-childbearing-years-the-30-year-cardia-study
#8
Erica P Gunderson, Cora E Lewis, Ying Lin, Mike Sorel, Myron Gross, Stephen Sidney, David R Jacobs, James M Shikany, Charles P Quesenberry
Importance: Lactation duration has shown weak protective associations with incident diabetes (3%-15% lower incidence per year of lactation) in older women based solely on self-report of diabetes, studies initiated beyond the reproductive period are vulnerable to unmeasured confounding or reverse causation from antecedent biochemical risk status, perinatal outcomes, and behaviors across the childbearing years. Objective: To evaluate the association between lactation and progression to diabetes using biochemical testing both before and after pregnancy and accounting for prepregnancy cardiometabolic measures, gestational diabetes (GD), and lifestyle behaviors...
January 16, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338353/developing-a-tailored-website-for-promoting-awareness-about-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-among-blacks-in-community-based-settings
#9
Rebecca Robbins, Yalini Senathirajah, Natasha J Williams, Carly Hutchinson, David M Rapoport, John P Allegrante, Alwyn Cohall, April Rogers, Olugbenga Ogedegbe, Girardin Jean-Louis
Blacks are at greater risk for lower sleep quality and higher risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) than other racial groups. In this study, we summarize the development of a tailored website including visuals, key messages, and video narratives, to promote awareness about sleep apnea among community-dwelling blacks. We utilized mixed methods, including in-depth interviews, usability-testing procedures, and brief surveys (n = 9, 55% female, 100% black, average age 38.5 years). Themes from the qualitative analysis illuminated varied knowledge regarding OSA symptoms and prevalent self-reported experience with sleep disturbance and OSA symptoms (e...
January 17, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332687/similarities-and-differences-in-estimates-of-sleep-duration-by-polysomnography-actigraphy-diary-and-self-reported-habitual-sleep-in-a-community-sample
#10
Karen A Matthews, Sanjay R Patel, Elizabeth J Pantesco, Daniel J Buysse, Thomas W Kamarck, Laisze Lee, Martica H Hall
OBJECTIVES: To compare estimates of sleep duration defined by polysomnography (PSG), actigraphy, daily diary, and retrospective questionnaire and to identify characteristics associated with differences between measures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community sample. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 223 Black, White, and Asian middle- to older-aged men and women residing in the Pittsburgh, PA area. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330276/cutaneous-mycobacterium-massiliense-infection-from-tattooing-a-common-yet-under-reported-and-persistent-epidemic-hazard-for-dermatologists
#11
Lymaries Velez, Jennifer Harb, Stephanie Anuszewski, Stanton Wesson
Tattoo popularity continues to rise, with 3 in 10 Americans bearing at least one. Among tattoo complications, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has emerged as a global public health concern. NTM infections associated with tattooing of immunocompetent individuals have occurred as sporadic cases and community outbreaks. Water sources are considered the major pathogenic reservoirs. Tattoo-related inoculation has been linked to contamination of ink, either during the manufacturing process or during dilution of black ink using non-sterile water...
January 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329507/differences-in-salaries-of-physician-assistants-in-the-usa-by-race-ethnicity-and-sex
#12
Darron Smith, Cardell Jacobson
Objectives Data from the Academy of American Physician Assistants have suggested there are no differences in salaries by race and ethnic group. Our objective was to compare salaries of physician assistants for different racial and ethnic groups and sexes using another data source. Methods Data from the American Community Surveys (2010-2012) to examine pay differentials of physician assistants. Ordinary least squares regression analysis to compare the salaries of males and females, and those of racial and ethnic groups...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325761/trends-in-utilization-of-robotic-and-open-partial-nephrectomy-for-management-of-ct1-renal-masses
#13
Mahmoud Alameddine, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Kevin J Moore, Feng Miao, Luís Felipe Sávio, Bruno Nahar, Nachiketh Soodana Prakash, Vivek Venkatramani, Joshua S Jue, Sanoj Punnen, Dipen J Parekh, Chad R Ritch, Mark L Gonzalgo
BACKGROUND: Partial nephrectomy is widely used for surgical management of small renal masses. Use of robotic (RPN) versus open partial nephrectomy (OPN) among various populations is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: To analyze trends in utilization of RPN and disparities that may be associated with this procedure for management of cT1 renal masses in the USA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent RPN or OPN for clinical stage T1N0M0 renal masses in the USA from 2010 to 2013 were identified in the National Cancer Data Base...
January 8, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325397/unequal-gain-of-equal-resources-across-racial-groups
#14
Shervin Assari
The health effects of economic resources (eg, education, employment, and living place) and psychological assets (eg, self-efficacy, perceived control over life, anger control, and emotions) are well-known. This article summarizes the results of a growing body of evidence documenting Blacks' diminished return, defined as a systematically smaller health gain from economic resources and psychological assets for Blacks in comparison to Whites. Due to structural barriers that Blacks face in their daily lives, the very same resources and assets generate smaller health gain for Blacks compared to Whites...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324894/the-obesity-epidemic-and-rising-diabetes-incidence-in-a-low-income-racially-diverse-southern-us-cohort
#15
Baqiyyah N Conway, Xijing Han, Heather M Munro, Amy L Gross, Xiao-Ou Shu, Margaret K Hargreaves, Wei Zheng, Alvin C Powers, William J Blot
BACKGROUND: Obesity is known to be a major risk factor for diabetes, but the magnitude of risk and variation between blacks and whites are less well documented in populations heavily affected by obesity. Herein we assess rates and risks of incident diabetes in a diverse southern population where obesity is common. METHODS: A total of 24,000 black and 14,064 white adults aged 40-79 in the Southern Community Cohort Study with no self-reported diabetes at study enrollment during 2002-2009 was followed for up to 10 (median 4...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321134/efficacy-of-a-chronic-care-based-intervention-on-secondary-stroke-prevention-among-vulnerable-stroke-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Eric M Cheng, William E Cunningham, Amytis Towfighi, Nerses Sanossian, Robert J Bryg, Thomas L Anderson, Frances Barry, Susan M Douglas, Lillie Hudson, Monica Ayala-Rivera, Jeffrey J Guterman, Sandra Gross-Schulman, Sylvia Beanes, Andrea S Jones, Honghu Liu, Barbara G Vickrey
BACKGROUND: Disparities of care among stroke survivors are well documented. Effective interventions to improve recurrent stroke preventative care in vulnerable populations are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized controlled trial, we tested the efficacy of components of a chronic care model-based intervention versus usual care among 404 subjects having an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack within 90 days of enrollment and receiving care within the Los Angeles public healthcare system...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320950/reclaim-the-menopause-a-pilot-study-of-an-evidence-based-menopause-course-for-symptom-management-and-resilience-building
#17
Eileen Bellot, Naomi Rouse, Myra S Hunter
Reclaim the Menopause is a community-based menopause course developed by Hands Inc. and supported by Hackney Learning Trust. The course provides evidence-based education, cognitive behaviour therapy and psychosocial support to promote menopause awareness, challenge stigma and increase self-management amongst menopausal women. Ethnicity was an important aspect of the work, as Hands Inc. was keen to reach women who might not otherwise access interventions. All course participants were Black British (as were two of the three facilitators)...
January 1, 2018: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320347/heroin-use-and-drug-injection-among-youth-also-misusing-prescription-drugs
#18
Sonali Rajan, Kelly V Ruggles, Honoria Guarino, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert
OBJECTIVES: We identified the prevalence of nonmedical prescription drug use and its relationship to heroin and injection drug use in 4 nationally representative samples of adolescents. METHODS: We used the most recent data (2009-2015) from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (Ntotal= 61,132). Prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals for prescription drug misuse, heroin use, and injection drug use were calculated across time points, sex, and race/ethnicity subgroups...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319435/black-lgb-identities-and-perceptions-of-same-sex-marriage
#19
Jess Lee
The 2015 SCOTUS ruling legalizing same-sex marriage was hailed as a universal victory for the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) community, but the pervasive support mobilized to achieve this goal may mask important dissension and inequality within the community. Specifically, how race may shape or perpetuate inequalities in the LGB community through same-sex marriage has largely been absent from the discussion. Focusing on the perceived impact of same-sex marriage in respondents' lives, I investigate the relationship between black LGBs' perception of same-sex marriage legalization and their intersectional identities and community membership...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317456/neighborhood-deprivation-predicts-heart-failure-risk-in-a-low-income-population-of-blacks-and-whites-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#20
Elvis A Akwo, Edmond K Kabagambe, Frank E Harrell, William J Blot, Justin M Bachmann, Thomas J Wang, Deepak K Gupta, Loren Lipworth
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that neighborhood socioeconomic environment predicts heart failure (HF) hospital readmissions. We investigated whether neighborhood deprivation predicts risk of incident HF beyond individual socioeconomic status in a low-income population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were 27 078 whites and blacks recruited during 2002 to 2009 in the SCCS (Southern Community Cohort Study), who had no history of HF and were using Centers for Medicare or Medicaid Services...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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