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Black community

Elizabeth A McConnell, Patrick Janulis, Gregory Phillips, Roky Truong, Michelle Birkett
Minority stress theory has widespread research support in explaining health disparities experienced by sexual and gender minorities. However, less is known about how minority stress impacts multiply marginalized groups, such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people of color (LGBT POC). Also, although research has documented resilience in the face of minority stress at the individual level, research is needed that examines macro-level processes such as community resilience (Meyer, 2015). In the current study, we integrate minority stress theory and intersectionality theory to examine multiple minority stress (i...
March 2018: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
Keith C Norris, Susanne B Nicholas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Ebele M Umeukeje, Marcus G Wild, Saugar Maripuri, Teresa Davidson, Margaret Rutherford, Khaled Abdel-Kader, Julia Lewis, Consuelo H Wilkins, Kerri Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Incidence of ESKD is three times higher in black Americans than in whites, and CKD prevalence continues to rise among black Americans. Community-based kidney disease screening may increase early identification and awareness of black Americans at risk, but it is challenging to implement. This study aimed to identify participants' perspectives of community kidney disease screening. The Health Belief Model provides a theoretic framework for conceptualization of these perspectives and optimization of community kidney disease screening activities...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Robert Munashe Maweni, Nicholas Sunderland, Zahra Rahim, Emmanuella Odih, Jins Kallampallil, Thomas Saunders, Srikanth Akunuri
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive urgency is defined as a severely elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) of ≥ 180 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of ≥ 120 mmHg, in the absence of end organ damage. It is known that there are racial differences in prevalence and severity of hypertension but there is a dearth of studies looking at hypertensive urgency in Black populations living in Europe. AIMS: We sought to define the clinical characteristics of Black patients presenting with hypertensive urgency, in order to better define the risks and complications this growing population of patients faces...
March 14, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
John Connolly, Maria-Teresa Sebastià, Laura Kirwan, John Anthony Finn, Rosa Llurba, Matthias Suter, Rosemary P Collins, Claudio Porqueddu, Áslaug Helgadóttir, Ole H Baadshaug, Gilles Bélanger, Alistair Black, Caroline Brophy, Jure Čop, Sigridur Dalmannsdóttir, Ignacio Delgado, Anjo Elgersma, Michael Fothergill, Bodil E Frankow-Lindberg, An Ghesquiere, Piotr Golinski, Philippe Grieu, Anne-Maj Gustavsson, Mats Höglind, Olivier Huguenin-Elie, Marit Jørgensen, Zydre Kadziuliene, Tor Lunnan, Paivi Nykanen-Kurki, Angela Ribas, Friedhelm Taube, Ulrich Thumm, Alex De Vliegher, Andreas Lüscher
Grassland diversity can support sustainable intensification of grassland production through increased yields, reduced inputs and limited weed invasion. We report the effects of diversity on weed suppression from 3 years of a 31-site continental-scale field experiment.At each site, 15 grassland communities comprising four monocultures and 11 four-species mixtures based on a wide range of species' proportions were sown at two densities and managed by cutting. Forage species were selected according to two crossed functional traits, "method of nitrogen acquisition" and "pattern of temporal development"...
March 2018: Journal of Applied Ecology
Daniel Shpilsky, Sebhat Erqou, Sanjay R Patel, Kevin E Kip, Oluremi Ajala, Aryan Aiyer, Patrick J Strollo, Steven E Reis, Oladipupo Olafiranye
Studies have reported an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Proposed mechanisms include endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the associations of OSA with endothelial dysfunction and subclinical atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD), and assess the impact of race on these associations. We used data from the Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation (Heart SCORE) study, a community-based prospective cohort with approximately equal representation of black and white participants...
March 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
Julie Franks, Sharon B Mannheimer, Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Eleanor Hayes-Larson, Paul W Colson, Hugo Ortega, Wafaa M El-Sadr
INTRODUCTION: Black men who have sex with men and transgender women are at high risk for HIV infection, but are more likely to be unaware of their infection or not in care for diagnosed HIV compared to other races. Respondent driven sampling has been advanced as a method to reach stigmatized and hidden populations for HIV testing. We compared strategies to recruit black, substance-using men who have sex with men and transgender women to identify newly diagnosed HIV infection, or those previously diagnosed but not in care...
March 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Maxine D Fisher, Ancilla W Fernandes, Temitope O Olufade, Paul J Miller, Mark S Walker, Moon Fenton
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to describe patient characteristics, health resource utilization (HRU), and costs associated with treating recurrent or refractory head and neck cancer (HNC) among patients with disease progression in the community oncology setting. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted by using data from the Vector Oncology Data Warehouse. Patients had been diagnosed with locally advanced or metastatic (stage III-IVc) HNC between January 1, 2007, and October 1, 2015...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
Kelly M Allred, Dianne L Chambless
The primary aims of the current investigation were (a) to examine the relationships among attributions, perceived constructive and destructive criticism, and upset due to criticism and (b) to explore racial differences in mean levels of attributions, perceived criticism, upset due to criticism, and warmth in a community sample of Blacks and Whites (N = 272). The Attributions of Criticism Scale (ACS) was used to measure participants' attributions regarding criticism from their relatives. No racial differences were found in mean levels of attributions or type of perceived criticism...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
Bijou R Hunt, Charlotte Picard, Jana L Hirschtick, Nancy Glick
While data on HIV testing prevalence is readily available at the national, state, and more rarely at the city level, few data are available on HIV testing at the community level, where public health initiatives may be most effectively implemented. Community-level data are necessary given that city, state, and national estimates mask variation occurring at the community level in large urban areas. This type of data is crucial for informing education efforts both within the community and among providers. The current study uses the Sinai Community Health Survey 2...
March 7, 2018: AIDS Care
Diddier Prada, Jia Zhong, Elena Colicino, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel Schwartz, Nicholas Dagincourt, Shona C Fang, Itai Kloog, Joseph M Zmuda, Michael Holick, Luis A Herrera, Lifang Hou, Francesca Dominici, Benedetta Bartali, Andrea A Baccarelli
Background: Air particulate matter (PM) is a ubiquitous environmental exposure associated with oxidation, inflammation, and age-related chronic disease. Whether PM is associated with loss of bone mineral density (BMD) and risk of bone fractures is undetermined. Methods: We conducted two complementary studies of: (i) long-term PM <2.5 μm (PM2.5 ) levels and osteoporosis-related fracture hospital admissions among 9.2 million Medicare enrollees of the Northeast/Mid-Atlantic United States between 2003-2010; (ii) long-term black carbon [BC] and PM2...
November 2017: Lancet. Planetary Health
Yanmei Sun, Shiwei Wang, Junfeng Niu
Microbes play important roles during river remediation and the interaction mechanism illustration between microorganisms and sewage is of great significance to improve restoration technology. In this study, micro-nano bubble and submerged resin floating bed composite technology (MBSR) was firstly used to restore two black and stinking urban rivers. After restoration, the water pollution indices such as dissolved oxygen (DO), ammonia nitrogen (NH4 + -N), total phosphorous (TP), chemical oxygen demand (CODCr ), water clarity, and the number of facial coliform were significantly improved...
March 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Benjamin Ammon, Princess Iroh, Yordanos Tiruneh, Xilong Li, Brian T Montague, Josiah D Rich, Ank E Nijhawan
The criminal justice system is a critical area of focus to improve HIV outcomes and reduce health disparities. We analyzed demographic, incarceration, socioeconomic, and clinical data for HIV-positive persons released to the community from the Dallas County Jail (1450 incarcerations, 1111 unique individuals) between January 2011 and November 2013. The study population was 68% black and 14% Hispanic; overall linkage to care within 90 days of release was 34%. In adjusted analyses, Hispanics were more likely to link than whites (aOR 2...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Robert J Wong, Mamta K Jain, George Therapondos, Mitchell L Shiffman, Onkar Kshirsagar, Christopher Clark, Mae Thamer
OBJECTIVE: Despite availability of highly effective direct acting antivirals (DAA), barriers in access to these therapies limit our ability to achieve HCV eradication. We aim to evaluate overall rates and predictors of HCV treatment across four community-based health-care systems focusing on race/ethnicity and insurance-specific disparities. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all adults with chronic HCV at four health care systems from 1 January 2011 to 28 February 2017, which included a large proportion of ethnic minorities, two safety-net systems, and a broad payer mix across four states...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
M Fareed K Suri, Jincheng Zhou, Ye Qiao, Haitao Chu, Adnan I Qureshi, Tom Mosley, Rebecca F Gottesman, Lisa Wruck, A Richey Sharrett, Alvaro Alonso, Bruce A Wasserman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between asymptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis and cognitive impairment in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort. METHODS: ARIC participants underwent high-resolution 3T magnetic resonance angiography and a neuropsychology battery and neurologic examination adjudicated by an expert panel to detect mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. We adjusted for demographic and vascular risk factors in weighted logistic regression analysis, accounting for stratified sampling design and attrition, to determine the association of intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) with cognitive impairment...
March 9, 2018: Neurology
Kevin W Becker, Felix J Elling, Jan M Schröder, Julius S Lipp, Tobias Goldhammer, Matthias Zabel, Marcus Elvert, Jörg Overmann, Kai-Uwe Hinrichs
The stratified water column of the Black Sea serves as a model ecosystem for studying the interactions of microorganisms with major biogeochemical cycles. Here we provide detailed analysis of isoprenoid quinones to study microbial redox processes in the ocean. In a continuum from the photic zone through the chemocline into deep anoxic sediments of the southern Black Sea, diagnostic quinones and inorganic geochemical parameters indicate niche segregation between redox processes and corresponding shifts in microbial community composition...
March 9, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Stacy Buckingham-Howes, Bridget Armstrong, Megan C Pejsa-Reitz, Yan Wang, Dawn O Witherspoon, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the mediating role of body dissatisfaction between Body Mass Index (BMI) and subsequent disordered eating (e.g. dieting and restricting/purging) among early adolescent African American girls. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included 701 African American girls in 6th and 7th grades in urban schools serving low-income communities, mean age 12.15 (SD = 0.72) years. Participants were assessed at baseline and approximately 6 months later...
February 28, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Kristie S Wendelberger, Daniel Gann, Jennifer H Richards
Coastal plant communities are being transformed or lost because of sea level rise (SLR) and land-use change. In conjunction with SLR, the Florida Everglades ecosystem has undergone large-scale drainage and restoration, altering coastal vegetation throughout south Florida. To understand how coastal plant communities are changing over time, accurate mapping techniques are needed that can define plant communities at a fine-enough resolution to detect fine-scale changes. We explored using bi-seasonal versus single-season WorldView-2 satellite data to map three mangrove and four adjacent plant communities, including the buttonwood/glycophyte community that harbors the federally-endangered plant Chromolaena frustrata ...
March 9, 2018: Sensors
Snehal N Shah, Eleni Digenis-Bury, Elizabeth T Russo, Shannon O'Malley, Nineequa Blanding, Anne McHugh, Roy Wada
Well documented, persistent racial/ethnic health disparities in obesity and hypertension in the US demonstrate the continued need for interventions that focus on people of color who may be at higher risk. We evaluated a demonstration project funded by the CDC's Racial/Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program at four federally qualified health centers (FQHC) and YMCA fitness and wellness centers in Boston. No-cost YMCA memberships were offered from June 2014 to June 2015 to non-Latino black and Latino adults with a diagnosis of hypertension...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Shihua Zhang, Liang Zhang, Yijun Wang, Jian Yang, Mingzhi Liao, Shoudong Bi, Zhongwen Xie, Chi-Tang Ho, Xiaochun Wan
Tea is one of the most popular non-alcoholic beverages consumed worldwide. Numerous bioactive constituents of tea were confirmed to possess healthy benefits via the mechanisms of regulating gene expressions or protein activities. However, a complete interacting profile between tea bioactive compounds (TBCs) and their target genes is lacking, which put an obstacle in the study of healthy function of tea. To fill this gap, we developed a database of target genes of TBCs (TBC2target, based on a pharmacophore mapping approach...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
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