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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779259/periodontal-status-among-elderly-inhabitants-of-northern-manhattan-the-whicap-ancillary-study-of-oral-health
#1
Jaffer A Shariff, Sandra Burkett, Caitlin Wei-Ming Watson, Bin Cheng, James M Noble, Panos N Papapanou
AIM: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a tri-ethnic cohort of ≥65 year-old participants of the Washington-Heights Inwood Community Aging Project (WHICAP). METHODS: 1,130 individuals (57% of eligible invitees) participated in a full-mouth periodontal examination that included assessments of bleeding on probing, pocket depth and clinical attachment loss (CAL) at six sites/tooth. RESULTS: Participants had a mean age of 75...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779160/an-event-level-analysis-of-condomless-anal-intercourse-with-a-hiv-discordant-or-hiv-status-unknown-partner-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-from-a-multi-site-study
#2
Cui Yang, Carl Latkin, Karin Tobin, David Seal, Beryl Koblin, Geetanjali Chander, Daniel Siconolfi, Stephen Flores, Pilgrim Spikes
Despite the high HIV incidence and prevalence among black men who have sex with men (BMSM), little research has examined partner characteristics, partner seeking venue, sexual position, substance use, and sexual risk behavior at the sex event-level among BMSM. Using the baseline data from a multi-site study of 807 BMSM stratified by their HIV status, the goal of this study was to conduct a detailed event-level analysis of 1577 male anal sex events to assess the factors associated with condomless anal intercourse (CLAI) with a HIV-discordant or HIV status-unknown partner...
May 19, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772113/health-research-participation-opportunity-and-willingness-among-minority-and-rural-communities-of-arkansas
#3
Pearl A McElfish, Christopher R Long, James P Selig, Brett Rowland, Rachel S Purvis, Laura James, Angel Holland, Holly C Felix, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse
Prior research suggests that rural and minority communities participate in research at lower rates. While rural and minority populations are often cited as being underrepresented in research, population-based studies on health research participation have not been conducted. This study used questions added to the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to understand factors associated with i) health research participation, ii) opportunities to participate in health research, and iii) willingness to participate in health research from a representative sample (n = 5,256) of adults in Arkansas...
May 17, 2018: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771987/visualization-of-gender-race-citizenship-and-academic-performance-in-association-with-career-outcomes-of-15-year-biomedical-doctoral-alumni-at-a-public-research-university
#4
Ambika Mathur, Annmarie Cano, Michael Kohl, Nisansala S Muthunayake, Prassanna Vaidyanathan, Mary E Wood, Mustafa Ziyad
It has long been thought that biomedical doctoral students pursue careers primarily as tenure-track/tenured faculty at research institutions. Recent reports showed, however, that the majority of biomedical doctoral alumni engage in a variety of careers. Wayne State University (WSU) undertook a project to understand the career trajectories of its biomedical doctoral alumni to create programs to better prepare its students for careers in multiple pathways. Data were collected on career outcomes of WSU's biomedical doctoral alumni who graduated in a 15-year period from 1999-2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771619/affordable-care-act-impact-in-kentucky-increasing-access-reducing-disparities
#5
Lynn A Blewett, Colin Planalp, Giovann Alarcon
OBJECTIVES: To examine health insurance disparities since Kentucky's implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). METHODS: Using the American Community Survey, we estimated coverage rates by race/ethnicity before and after implementation of the ACA (2013 and 2015), and we estimated whether groups were over- or underrepresented among the uninsured, compared with their share of the state population. RESULTS: Kentucky's uninsurance rate declined from 14...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767840/ethnicity-migration-status-and-dental-caries-experience-among-adults-in-east-london
#6
Elsa K Delgado-Angulo, Wagner Marcenes, Seeromanie Harding, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interrelationship between ethnicity, migration status and dental caries experience among adults in East London. METHODS: We analysed data from 1910 adults (16-65 years) representing 9 ethnic groups, who took part in a community-based health survey in East London. Participants completed a supervised questionnaire and were clinically examined by trained dentists. Dental caries was assessed with the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT)...
May 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764333/is-fear-of-falling-the-missing-link-to-explain-racial-disparities-in-fall-risk-data-from-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-study
#7
Tanvee Singh, Emmanuelle Bélanger, Kali Thomas
OBJECTIVES: Emerging research suggests Black older adults experience a 30% decreased risk for falls compared with their White U.S. counterparts, and this is mediated neither by physical performance nor activity. Fear of falling (FOF) is a significant risk factor for falls, yet we know little about how FOF varies by race/ethnicity. The purpose of this original research brief was to investigate the relationship between race/ethnicity and FOF among older adults. METHODS: 4,981 community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) who had not self-reported a fall in the past 12 months were analyzed...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763753/a-prospective-study-of-cancer-survivors-and-risk-of-sepsis-within-the-regards-cohort
#8
Justin Xavier Moore, Tomi Akinyemiju, Alfred Bartolucci, Henry E Wang, John Waterbor, Russell Griffin
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized cancer patients are nearly 10 times more likely to develop sepsis when compared to patients with no cancer history. We compared the risk of sepsis between cancer survivors and no cancer history participants, and examined whether race was an effect modifier. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis of data from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort. We categorized participants as "cancer survivors" or "no cancer history" derived from self-reported responses of being diagnosed with any cancer, excluding non-melanoma skin cancer...
May 11, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761058/exotic-lagomorph-may-influence-eagle-abundances-and-breeding-spatial-aggregations-a-field-study-and-meta-analysis-on-the-nearest-neighbor-distance
#9
Facundo Barbar, Gonzalo O Ignazi, Fernando Hiraldo, Sergio A Lambertucci
The introduction of alien species could be changing food source composition, ultimately restructuring demography and spatial distribution of native communities. In Argentine Patagonia, the exotic European hare has one of the highest numbers recorded worldwide and is now a widely consumed prey for many predators. We examine the potential relationship between abundance of this relatively new prey and the abundance and breeding spacing of one of its main consumers, the Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle ( Geranoaetus melanoleucus )...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761036/sponge-community-of-the-western-black-sea-shallow-water-caves-diversity-and-spatial-distribution
#10
Alexander Ereskovsky, Oleg A Kovtun, Konstantin K Pronin, Apostol Apostolov, Dirk Erpenbeck, Viatcheslav Ivanenko
Marine caves possess unique biocoenotic and ecological characteristics. Sessile benthic species such as sponges associated with cave habitats typically show a marked zonation from the cave entrance towards the end of the cave. We describe three semi-submerged karstic caves of 50 to 83 m length and 936 to 2,291 m3 volume from the poorly explored cavernicolous fauna of North-East Bulgaria. We surveyed sponge diversity and spatial variability. Eight demosponge species were identified based on morphological and molecular data, of which six are known from the adjacent open sea waters of the Black Sea...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759956/too-important-to-ignore-leveraging-digital-technology-to-improve-chronic-illness-management-among-black-men
#11
Stuart W Grande, Ledric D Sherman
Health disparities associated with chronic illness experiences of black men demonstrate widespread, systematic failures to meet an urgent need. Well-established social and behavioral determinants that have led to health disparities among black men include racism, discrimination, and stress. While advocacy work that includes community-engagement and tailoring health promotion strategies have shown local impact, evidence shows the gaps are increasing. We suspect that failure to reduce current disparities may be due to conventional public health interventions and programs; therefore, we submit that innovative interventions, ones that embrace digital technologies and their ability to harness naturally occurring social networks within groups, like black men, have particular importance and deserve attention...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757415/insects-for-income-generation-through-animal-feed-effect-of-dietary-replacement-of-soybean-and-fish-meal-with-black-soldier-fly-meal-on-broiler-growth-and-economic-performance
#12
V O Onsongo, I M Osuga, C K Gachuiri, A M Wachira, D M Miano, C M Tanga, S Ekesi, D Nakimbugwe, K K M Fiaboe
The ever-increasing animal feed costs are driving many vulnerable communities involved in animal husbandry out of business. The high cost is mainly driven by the protein source, which represents the most expensive component in animal feed. In conventional feed, protein is obtained mainly from soybean and fish meal (SFM). The present study explored potential of partially replacing this SFM with black soldier fly prepupae meal (BSFPM) in Cobb 500 broiler chicken diets. A SFM-based diet was compared to three experimental diets formulated by partially substituting SFM with BSFPM at 13...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756669/a-cross-cultural-investigation-of-children-s-implicit-attitudes-toward-white-and-black-racial-outgroups
#13
Jennifer R Steele, Meghan George, Amanda Williams, Elaine Tay
Initial theory and research examining children's implicit racial attitudes suggest that an implicit preference favoring socially advantaged groups emerges early in childhood and remains stable across development (Dunham, Baron, & Banaji, 2008). In two studies, we examined the ubiquity of this theory by measuring non-Black minority and non-White majority children's implicit racial attitudes toward White and Black racial outgroups in two distinct cultural contexts. In Study 1, non-Black minority children in an urban North American community with a large Black population showed an implicit pro-White (versus Black) bias in early childhood...
May 14, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753847/race-and-sex-related-differences-in-nephrolithiasis-risk-among-blacks-and-whites-in-the-southern-community-cohort-study
#14
Ryan S Hsi, Edmond K Kabagambe, Xiang Shu, Xijing Han, Nicole L Miller, Loren Lipworth
Objectives To investigate race-sex associations with risk among whites and blacks in the southeastern United States. The relationship between race, sex, and kidney stone risk is poorly understood Methods Participants were 42,136 black and white adults enrolled in the Southern Community Cohort Study between 2002-2009, with no history of kidney stones and receiving Medicare or Medicaid services. Incident kidney stone diagnoses through December 2014 were determined via linkage with Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services research files...
May 10, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753640/rates-of-prevalent-and-new-hiv-diagnoses-by-race-and-ethnicity-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-u-s-states-2013-2014
#15
Eli S Rosenberg, David W Purcell, Jeremy A Grey, Abigail Hankin-Wei, Eric Hall, Patrick S Sullivan
PURPOSE: Men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionate burden of new and existing HIV infections in the United States, with black and Hispanic MSM facing the highest rates. A lack of data on MSM population sizes has precluded the understanding of state-level variations in these rates. METHODS: Using a recently developed model for estimating state-level population sizes of MSM by race that synthesizes data from the American Community Survey and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, in conjunction with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-based HIV diagnosis data, we estimated rates of living with an HIV diagnosis (2013) and new diagnosis among MSM (2014) by state and race...
April 30, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748844/sex-trade-and-health-care-utilization-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#16
Lianne A Urada, Laramie R Smith, Jennifer Yore, Daniel P Triplett, Christopher Hucks-Ortiz, Anita Raj
People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) are more likely to have a history of trading sex, but little research has examined whether trading sex is associated with lower health care utilization amongst PLWH. This study assesses this association with PLWH (N = 583) recruited and surveyed from seven community sites in six US cities participating in a multi-site community-based HIV test and treat initiative. Participants were 90.6% Black or Latino, 30.4% homeless, and 9.0% (1 in 11) sold sex (past 90 days). Most reported receiving HIV clinical care (63...
May 10, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744628/impact-of-sylvatic-plague-vaccine-on-non-target-small-rodents-in-grassland-ecosystems
#17
Gebbiena M Bron, Katherine L D Richgels, Michael D Samuel, Julia E Poje, Faye Lorenzsonn, Jonathan P Matteson, Jesse T Boulerice, Jorge E Osorio, Tonie E Rocke
Oral vaccination is an emerging management strategy to reduce the prevalence of high impact infectious diseases within wild animal populations. Plague is a flea-borne zoonosis of rodents that often decimates prairie dog (Cynomys spp.) colonies in the western USA. Recently, an oral sylvatic plague vaccine (SPV) was developed to protect prairie dogs from plague and aid recovery of the endangered black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes). Although oral vaccination programs are targeted toward specific species, field distribution of vaccine-laden baits can result in vaccine uptake by non-target animals and unintended indirect effects...
May 9, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741594/early-adopters-of-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-in-a-population-based-combination-prevention-study-in-rural-kenya-and-uganda
#18
Catherine A Koss, James Ayieko, Florence Mwangwa, Asiphas Owaraganise, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Laura B Balzer, Albert Plenty, Norton Sang, Jane Kabami, Theodore D Ruel, Douglas Black, Carol S Camlin, Craig R Cohen, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Tamara D Clark, Edwin D Charlebois, Maya L Petersen, Moses R Kamya, Diane V Havlir
Background: Global guidelines recommend preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for individuals with substantial HIV risk. Data on PrEP uptake in sub-Saharan Africa outside of clinical trials are limited. We report on "early adopters" of PrEP in SEARCH, an ongoing population-based study in rural Uganda and Kenya. Methods: Following community mobilization and education on PrEP, population-based HIV testing was conducted. HIV-uninfected adults were offered PrEP based on an empirically-derived HIV risk score or an individual's self-identified HIV risk (if not identified by score)...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738508/factors-associated-with-immunization-opinion-leadership-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-los-angeles-california
#19
Ian W Holloway, Robert Bednarczyk, Vincent L Fenimore, Cameron Goldbeck, Elizabeth Wu, Rebecca Himmelstein, Diane Tan, Laura Randall, Chelsea S Lutz, Paula M Frew
We sought to identify the characteristics of men who have sex with men (MSM) who are opinion leaders on immunization issues and to identify potential opportunities to leverage their influence for vaccine promotion within MSM communities. Using venue-based sampling, we recruited and enrolled MSM living in Los Angeles ( N = 520) from December 2016 to February 2017 and evaluated characteristic differences in sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviors, and technology use among those classified as opinion leaders versus those who were not...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735525/orthostatic-hypotension-and-risk-of-clinical-and-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-in-middle-aged-adults
#20
Stephen P Juraschek, Natalie Daya, Lawrence J Appel, Edgar R Miller, John William McEvoy, Kunihiro Matsushita, Christie M Ballantyne, Elizabeth Selvin
BACKGROUND: Although orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a well-recognized manifestation of neuropathy and hypovolemia, its contribution to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants with OH, defined as a decrease in blood pressure (systolic ≥20 mm Hg or diastolic ≥10 mm Hg) from the supine to standing position, were identified during the first visit of the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study (1987-1989) within 2 minutes of standing...
May 7, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
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