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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448076/tea-consumption-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#1
C-W Pan, Q Ma, H-P Sun, Y Xu, N Luo, P Wang
BACKGROUND: Although tea consumption has been reported to have various health benefits in humans, its association with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has not been investigated directly. We aimed to examine the relationship between tea consumption and HRQOL among older Chinese adults. METHODS: We analyzed community-based cross-sectional data of 5,557 older Chinese individuals aged 60 years or older who participated in the Weitang Geriatric Diseases study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446089/improving-leadership-skills-and-health-outcomes
#2
Christine Mckenzie
The Mary Seacole awards provide an opportunity for individuals to be recognised for their outstanding work in black and minority ethnic (BME) communities. Set up in 2004, the awards are funded by Health Education England and made in association with the Royal College of Nursing, Royal College of Midwives, Unison and Unite, with the support of NHS Employers. They are open to nurses, midwives and health visitors in England, and recipients need not come from a BME background.
April 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442382/relationship-between-sensorimotor-peripheral-nerve-function-and-indicators-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-function-in-older-adults-from-the-health-aging-and-body-composition-study
#3
Brittney S Lange-Maia, Anne B Newman, John M Jakicic, Jane A Cauley, Robert M Boudreau, Ann V Schwartz, Eleanor M Simonsick, Suzanne Satterfield, Aaron I Vinik, Sasa Zivkovic, Tamara B Harris, Elsa S Strotmeyer
BACKGROUND: Age-related peripheral nervous system (PNS) impairments are highly prevalent in older adults. Although sensorimotor and cardiovascular autonomic function have been shown to be related in persons with diabetes, the nature of the relationship in general community-dwelling older adult populations is unknown. METHODS: Health, Aging and Body Composition participants (n=2399, age=76.5±2.9years, 52% women, 38% black) underwent peripheral nerve testing at the 2000/01 clinic visit...
April 22, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441361/immunization-strategies-targeting-newly-arrived-migrants-in-non-eu-countries-of-the-mediterranean-basin-and-black-sea
#4
Cristina Giambi, Martina Del Manso, Maria Grazia Dente, Christian Napoli, Carmen Montaño-Remacha, Flavia Riccardo, Silvia Declich, Network For The Control Of Cross-Border Health Threats In The Mediterranean Basin And Black Sea For The ProVacMed Project
Background: The World Health Organization recommends that host countries ensure appropriate vaccinations to refugees, asylum seekers and migrants. However, information on vaccination strategies targeting migrants in host countries is limited. Methods: In 2015-2016 we carried out a survey among national experts from governmental bodies of 15 non-EU countries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea in order to document and share national vaccination strategies targeting newly arrived migrants. Results: Four countries reported having regulations/procedures supporting the immunization of migrants at national level, one at sub-national level and three only targeting specific population groups...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438421/community-level-prejudice-and-mortality-among-immigrant-groups
#5
Brittany N Morey, Gilbert C Gee, Peter Muennig, Mark L Hatzenbuehler
This study assesses whether anti-immigrant prejudice at the community level is prospectively associated with mortality. We used 10 waves of data from the General Social Survey (GSS) that were linked to mortality data via the National Death Index (NDI) for the period between 1993 and 2014 (n = 13,242). The 2014 GSS-NDI dataset is a nationally representative sample reporting social characteristics and attitudes in the United States that was prospectively linked to mortality data. Community-level prejudice was measured with 5 questions regarding anti-immigrant sentiments across 123 communities, defined using primary sampling units...
April 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436272/moderation-of-the-effects-of-discrimination-induced-affective-responses-on-health-outcomes
#6
Meg Gerrard, Frederick X Gibbons, Mary E Fleischli, Carolyn E Cutrona, Michelle L Stock
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to examine differential mediation of long-term effects of discrimination on health behaviour and health status by internalising (anxiety and depression) and externalising (hostility and anger), and to explore moderation of these effects, specifically, by the presence of support networks and coping tendencies. DESIGN: The current analyses employed structural equation modelling of five waves of data from Black female participants of the Family and Community Health Study over 11 years (M age 37-48)...
April 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432578/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-rise-a-community-based-culturally-congruent-adherence-intervention-for-black-americans-living-with-hiv
#7
Laura M Bogart, Matt G Mutchler, Bryce McDavitt, David J Klein, William E Cunningham, Kathy J Goggin, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Nikki Rachal, Kelsey A Nogg, Glenn J Wagner
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based HIV treatment adherence interventions have typically shown medium-sized effects on adherence. Prior evidence-based HIV treatment adherence interventions have not been culturally adapted specifically for Black/African Americans, the population most affected by HIV disparities in the USA, who exhibit lower adherence than do members of other racial/ethnic groups. PURPOSE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of Rise, a 6-month culturally congruent adherence counseling intervention for HIV-positive Black men and women...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431552/strategies-to-improve-engagement-of-hard-to-reach-older-people-in-research-on-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#8
Ann E M Liljas, Kate Walters, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Claire Goodman, Kalpa Kharicha
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to identify facilitators, barriers and strategies for engaging 'hard to reach' older people in research on health promotion; the oldest old (≥80 years), older people from black and minority ethnic groups (BME) and older people living in deprived areas. METHODS: Eight databases were searched to identify eligible studies using quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methods. Using elements of narrative synthesis, engagement strategies, and reported facilitators and barriers were identified, tabulated and analysed thematically for each of the three groups of older people...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430940/unravelling-microbial-ecology-of-industrial-scale-kombucha-fermentations-by-metabarcoding-and-culture-based-methods
#9
M Coton, A Pawtowski, B Taminiau, G Burgaud, F Deniel, L Coulloume-Labarthe, P A Fall, G Daube, E Coton
Kombucha, historically an Asian tea-based fermented drink, has recently become trendy in Western countries. Producers claim it bears health-enhancing properties that may come from the tea or metabolites produced by its microbiome. Despite its long history of production, microbial richness and dynamics have not been fully unravelled, especially at an industrial scale. Moreover, the impact of tea type (green or black) on microbial ecology was not studied. Here, a study compared microbial communities from industrial scale black and green tea fermentations, still traditionally carried out by a microbial biofilm, using culture-dependent and metabarcoding approaches...
April 18, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422581/-straight-from-the-heavens-into-your-bucket-domestic-rainwater-harvesting-as-a-measure-to-improve-water-security-in-a-subarctic-indigenous-community
#10
Nicholas Mercer, Maura Hanrahan
BACKGROUND: Black Tickle-Domino is an extremely water-insecure remote Inuit community in the Canadian subarctic that lacks piped-water. Drinking water consumption in the community is less than a third of the Canadian national average. Water insecurity in the community contributes to adverse health, economic, and social effects and requires urgent action. OBJECTIVES: To test the ability of domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH) for the first time in the subarctic with the goal of improving water access and use in the community...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421427/community-violence-exposure-and-risk-taking-behaviors-among-black-emerging-adults-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Robert Motley, Whitney Sewell, Yu-Chih Chen
Black emerging adults ages 18-29, particularly those residing in predominantly black urban communities, are at risk for community violence exposure (CVE). This potentially traumatic event may induce traumatic stress reactions for black emerging adults that contribute to their engagement in violence perpetration, substance use and/or sexual risk-taking behaviors as a way to cope with their experiences. To address these identified concerns and make recommendations for future research, this article identifies and synthesizes results from studies that have examined CVE and its association with violence perpetration, substance use, and sexual risk-taking behaviors among black emerging adults...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419113/evaluation-of-harvest-and-information-needs-for-north-american-sea-ducks
#12
Mark D Koneff, Guthrie S Zimmerman, Chris P Dwyer, Kathleen K Fleming, Paul I Padding, Patrick K Devers, Fred A Johnson, Michael C Runge, Anthony J Roberts
Wildlife managers routinely seek to establish sustainable limits of sport harvest or other regulated forms of take while confronted with considerable uncertainty. A growing body of ecological research focuses on methods to describe and account for uncertainty in management decision-making and to prioritize research and monitoring investments to reduce the most influential uncertainties. We used simulation methods incorporating measures of demographic uncertainty to evaluate risk of overharvest and prioritize information needs for North American sea ducks (Tribe Mergini)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418581/leaf-rust-infection-reduces-herbivore-induced-volatile-emission-in-black-poplar-and-attracts-a-generalist-herbivore
#13
Franziska Eberl, Almuth Hammerbacher, Jonathan Gershenzon, Sybille B Unsicker
Plants release complex volatile blends after separate attack by herbivores and pathogens, which play many roles in interactions with other organisms. Large perennials are often attacked by multiple enemies, but the effect of combined attacks on volatile emission is rarely studied, particularly in trees. We infested Populus nigra trees with a pathogen, the rust fungus Melampsora larici-populina, and Lymantria dispar caterpillars alone and in combination. We investigated poplar volatile emission and its regulation, as well as the behavior of the caterpillars towards volatiles from rust-infected and uninfected trees...
April 18, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418279/intersectional-stigma-among-midlife-and-older-black-women-living-with-hiv
#14
Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Amelia Jamison, Typhanye Dyer
HIV-related stigma is a barrier to the prevention and treatment of HIV. For midlife and older Black women, the nature and intensity of HIV-related stigma may be compounded by their multiple marginalised social status based on gender, race, and age. We examined the perceptions and experiences of HIV-related stigma among midlife and older Black women living in Prince George's County, Maryland, USA. Between 2014 and 2015, we conducted semi-structured interviews with a sample of 35 midlife and older Black women living with HIV...
April 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413919/examining-child-welfare-decisions-and-services-for-asian-canadian-versus-white-canadian-children-and-families-in-the-child-welfare-system
#15
Barbara Lee, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Barbara Fallon, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé
Using administrative child welfare data from the Ontario Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (OCANDS), this study compared the profiles of Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that experienced a case closure after an investigation instead of being transferred to ongoing child protection services (CPS). Child protection investigations involving Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that were transferred to ongoing CPS presented a different profile of case characteristics and caregiver and child clinical needs...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411896/psychosocial-factors-and-hypertension-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Adolfo G Cuevas, David R Williams, Michelle A Albert
Black people have the highest prevalence of hypertension in the United States. Evidence suggests that psychosocial factors increase the risks for hypertension and help to account for racial differences in this condition. This article reviews research on psychosocial factors and hypertension, and contextualizes the findings within a health disparities framework. A wide range of psychosocial factors contribute to hypertension but understanding remains limited about how these factors relate to each other and accumulate to contribute to hypertension disparities...
May 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411328/dance-and-hometown-associations-are-promising-strategies-to-improve-physical-activity-participation-among-us-nigerian-transnational-immigrants
#17
Kelechi Ibe-Lamberts, Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka, Ifeyinwa Onyenekwu, Andiara Schwingel, Juliet Iwelunmor
OBJECTIVE: Lack of physical activity participation has been identified as a determinant for negative health outcomes across various ethnicities worldwide and within the USA. We investigated the perceptions of the prospects of promoting dancing within hometown associations as a form for improving physical activity participation for Nigerian Transnational Immigrants (NTIs) in the USA: a migrant cohort subset of individuals who maintain cross-border ties with their indigenous communities of origin...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409266/intimate-partner-violence-and-prep-acceptability-among-low-income-young-black-women-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-reproductive-coercion
#18
Tiara Willie, Trace Kershaw, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Kamila A Alexander
A few studies suggest that women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are willing to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), but no research has examined mediators of this relationship. The current study used path analysis to examine a phenomenon closely associated with IPV: reproductive coercion, or explicit male behaviors to promote pregnancy of a female partner without her knowledge or against her will. Birth control sabotage and pregnancy coercion-two subtypes of reproductive coercion behaviors-were examined as mediators of the relationship between IPV and PrEP acceptability among a cohort of 147 Black women 18-25 years of age recruited from community-based organizations in an urban city...
April 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407644/mobile-phone-and-internet-use-mostly-for-sex-seeking-and-associations-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sample-characteristics-among-black-african-american-and-hispanic-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-3-us-cities
#19
Jacob E Allen, Gordon Mansergh, Matthew J Mimiaga, Jeremy Holman, Jeffrey H Herbst
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a relatively high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study examines the association of self-reported STIs and use of mobile phones and/or computer-based Internet to meet sexual partners among black and Hispanic/Latino MSM in the United States. METHODS: Black and Hispanic/Latino MSM (N = 853) were recruited from 3 US cities (Chicago, IL; Kansas City, MO; and Fort Lauderdale, FL) via online and community outreach...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406357/a-survey-of-service-providers-views-on-care-and-support-provision-for-older-women-from-black-and-minority-ethnic-backgrounds-in-wales-implications-for-policy-and-practice
#20
Juping Yu, Roiyah Saltus, Paul Jarvis
Drawing quantitative data from a large study, we explored service providers' perceptions of the care and support provided to older women from Black and minority ethnic backgrounds living in the UK. Analyzing 102 responses to a questionnaire, we found that care needs of this group of older women were not adequately addressed, with ineffective communication being frequently reported. A number of information pathways and barriers to service provision were identified. More work is needed to explore how best not only to acknowledge diversity in care needs within older populations, but also to design and deliver responsive services accordingly...
April 13, 2017: Health Care for Women International
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