Read by QxMD icon Read

Rural Australia

Nicholas Gill, Sonia Graham, Rebecca Cross, Eli Taylor
Weed management science and practice largely focuses on eradicating, containing and reducing existing weed populations; the focus is on plants in situ. More recently, the redefinition of biosecurity to include weeds has seen greater attention paid to preventing the introduction of weeds to previously uninfested areas within countries. Thus weed hygiene has come to the fore, with a growing number of publications recommending a diverse range of practices to minimise the spread of weeds across farm, regional and state boundaries...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
M Bhat, L G Do, K Roberts-Thomson
AIMS: This study aimed to identify risk indicators associated with periodontitis and the contribution of each of the indicators towards the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a rural Indian population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to collect data according to National Survey of Adult Oral Health Australia guidelines. A multistage stratified random sampling was followed to select 1401 participants, who were in the age group of 35-54 years...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Yvonne Dimitropoulos, Hasantha Gunasekera, Anthony Blinkhorn, Roy Byun, Norma Binge, Kylie Gwynne, Michelle Irving
INTRODUCTION: As part of an oral health service for Aboriginal people in central northern New South Wales (NSW), Australia, oral health promotion was identified as a priority by the local Aboriginal community. The objective of this study was to collaborate with local Aboriginal communities to determine (1) the oral health needs of Aboriginal children aged 5-12 years, (2) the oral health knowledge and attitudes towards oral health of parents/guardians and (3) the perceived barriers and enablers towards oral health promotion for school children by local school staff and community health workers...
June 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Shaneel Bappayya, Fiona Chen, Megan Alderuccio, Heinrich Schwalb
BACKGROUND: Rural and regional Australia presents a unique challenge in the delivery of surgical services by virtue of its geographical vastness and low population density. While up to 33% of Australians live in rural or regional areas, only 14.8% of surgeons work in a rural or regional area. Data regarding the caseload distribution of general surgeons working in a regional setting in Australia remain scarce. In order to better examine the training needs of rural general surgeons, this study aims to examine the caseload distribution of general surgeons working in regional Australia...
June 5, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Kuda Muyambi, Ruth McPhail, Kathryn Cronin, Marianne Gillam, Lee Martinez, Shaun Dennis, Daniel Bressington, Richard Gray, Martin Jones
INTRODUCTION: Relatively few psychiatrists live and work in rural South Australia. The rural GP is an essential component of support for people with mental health problems. However, considerable GP maldistribution between rural and metropolitan Australia still exists. Thus, accessing health services, including medication, becomes challenging for rural communities. Extending mental health nurse prescribing could be a strategy to build additional capacity to complement the GPs and psychiatrists who practice in rural South Australia...
June 4, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Tarsh Pandit, Robin A Ray, Sabe Sabesan
Introduction: Historically, the use of videoconference technologies in emergency medicine training has been limited. Whilst there are anecdotal reports of the use of teletraining for emergency medicine by rural doctors in Australia, minimal evidence exists in the literature. This paper aimed to explore the use of teletraining in the context of managing emergency presentations in rural hospitals. Methods: Using a qualitative approach, a mixture of junior and senior doctors were invited to participate in semistructured interviews...
2018: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
Kristen M Glenister, Lisa Bourke, Leslie Bolitho, Sian Wright, Stuart Roberts, William Kemp, Leigh Rhode, Ravi Bhat, Sönke Tremper, Dianna J Magliano, Mike Morgan, Rodrigo Mariño, William Adam, David Simmons
BACKGROUND: High quality, contemporary data regarding patterns of chronic disease is essential for planning by health services, policy makers and local governments, but surprisingly scarce, including in rural Australia. This dearth of data occurs despite the recognition that rural Australians live with high rates of ill health, poor health behaviours and restricted access to health services. Crossroads-II is set in the Goulburn Valley, a rural region of Victoria, Australia 100-300 km north of metropolitan Melbourne...
May 30, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jean-Francois Hocquette, Marie-Pierre Ellies-Oury, Michel Lherm, Christele Pineau, Claus Deblitz, Linda Farmer
The European Union (EU) is the world's third largest producer of beef. This contributes to the economy, rural development, social life, culture and gastronomy of Europe. The diversity of breeds, animal types (cows, bulls, steers, heifers) and farming systems (intensive, extensive on permanent or temporary pastures, mixed, breeders, feeders, etc) is a strength, and a weakness as the industry is often fragmented and poorly connected. There are also societal concerns regarding animal welfare and environmental issues, despite some positive environmental impacts of farming systems...
May 24, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Gordon T W Mander, Lorraine Reynolds, Aiden Cook, Marcella M Kwan
INTRODUCTION: Appointment non-attendance contributes added cost to the healthcare sector through wasted resource allocations. Medical imaging departments commonly schedule appointments for most modalities; however, no study has quantified patient attendance rates in the Australian regional setting. This is despite evidence that regional, rural and remote Australians tend to demonstrate poorer health than metropolitan counterparts. This study aims to identify the factors that influence appointment non-attendance at a teaching hospital in regional Australia...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Mari Lashbrook, Christina M Bernardes, Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Patricia C Valery
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with psychosocial, physical and practical difficulties of daily living and distress among cancer survivors from a regional area in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Riverina region of southern New South Wales. PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 134 patients who completed treatment for breast, colorectal, lung or cancer at the Riverina Cancer Care Centre. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Distress was assessed by the Distress Thermometer...
May 25, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Torres Woolley, Tarun Sen Gupta, Sarah Larkins
OBJECTIVE: The James Cook University medical school's mission is to produce a workforce appropriate for the health needs of northern Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: James Cook University medical graduate data were obtained via cross-sectional survey of 180 early-career James Cook University medical graduates from 2005-2011 (response rate of 180/298 contactable graduates = 60%). Australian medical practitioner data for 2005-2009 graduates were obtained via the 2015 'Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life' wave 8 dataset...
May 25, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Ivan C Hanigan, Jacki Schirmer, Theophile Niyonsenga
Droughts may increase the risk of mental health problems, but evidence suggests a complex story with some groups being vulnerable while others are not. Previous studies from Australia have found associations with suicide, depression and distress that vary by age, gender and remoteness. Understanding the effects of drought on mental health is important because drought is predicted to be more intense in some areas in the future. We investigated the associations between drought and distress in a survey of rural Australians by age, gender and farming status...
May 24, 2018: EcoHealth
Karen Heath, Roger W Byard
A 47-year-old previously-well woman was found dead on the floor of a shower cubicle on a property in rural South Australia. The impression of the attending doctor and police was of collapse due to natural disease. Although there was significant stenosing coronary artery atherosclerosis found at autopsy, cherry pink discoloration of tissues prompted measurement of the blood carboxyhemoglobin level which was found to be 55%. The source of the gas was a poorly-maintained hot water heater that was mounted on the inside wall of the shower...
May 23, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Kerith Duncanson, Emma L Webster, David D Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: Increased publication of clinician-led health research is important for improving patient care and health outcomes. The aim of this retrospective cohort study conducted in rural Australia was to determine the impact of a writing for publication (WFP) program delivered by teleconference on the publication rates and skill acquisition of novice researchers who have graduated from the New South Wales (NSW) Health Education and Training Institute Rural Research Capacity Building Program (RRCBP)...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Anna H Balabanski, Jonathan Newbury, James M Leyden, Hisatomi Arima, Craig S Anderson, Sally Castle, Jennifer Cranefield, Tracey Paterson, Amanda G Thrift, Judith Katzenellenbogen, Alex Brown, Timothy J Kleinig
Background Retrospective data indicate increased stroke incidence in Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians, possibly with poorer outcomes. We present the first prospective population-based stroke incidence study in Indigenous Australians. Methods We pooled data from ASCEND and SEARCH, two prospective "ideal" South Australian stroke incidence studies, ASCEND conducted in urban Northwestern Adelaide (2009-2010) and SEARCH in five South Australian rural centers (2009-2011). We calculated age-standardized incidence for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Suzanne Rainsford, Christine B Phillips, Nicholas J Glasgow, Roderick D MacLeod, Robert B Wiles
Residential aged care (RAC) is a significant provider of end-of-life care for people aged 65 years and older. Rural residents perceive themselves as different to their urban counterparts. Most studies describing place of death (PoD) in RAC are quantitative and reflect an urban voice. Using a mixed-methods design, this paper examines the PoD of 80 RAC residents (15 short-stay residents who died in RAC during respite or during an attempted step-down transition from hospital to home, and 65 permanent residents), within the rural Snowy Monaro region, Australia, who died between 1 February 2015 and 31 May 2016...
May 16, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Rohan Sweeney, Marj Moodie, Phuong Nguyen, Penny Fraser, Kristy Bolton, Andrew Brown, Jennifer Marks, Nic Crooks, Claudia Strugnell, Colin Bell, Lynne Millar, Liliana Orellana, Steven Allender
INTRODUCTION: Prevention of overweight and obesity in childhood is a priority because of associated acute and chronic conditions in childhood and later in life, which place significant burden on health systems. Evidence suggests prevention should engage a range of actions and actors and target multiple levels. The Whole of Systems Trial Of Prevention <u>S</u>trategies for childhood obesity (WHO STOPS) will evaluate the outcomes of a novel systems-based intervention that aims to engage whole communities in a locally led multifaceted response...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Debbie Horsfall
BACKGROUND: The new public health palliative care movement calls for a move away from an individualised model of caregiving to a whole of community approach which will increase expectations on community carers. In order to avoid carer isolation, exploitation and potential burnout there is then a very real need to understand environments and relationships which support collective community caregiving. In this research we explored in-home caring networks to understand if and how network centred care supports carers of the dying while developing a whole of community approach...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Jean-Yves Paul, Robert Harding, Wilberforce Tushemereirwe, James Dale
Uganda is a tropical country with a population in excess of 30 million, >80% of whom live in rural areas. Bananas ( Musa spp.) are the staple food of Uganda with the East African Highland banana, a cooking banana, the primary starch source. Unfortunately, these bananas are low in pro-vitamin A (PVA) and iron and, as a result, banana-based diets are low in these micronutrients which results in very high levels of inadequate nutrition. This inadequate nutrition manifests as high levels of vitamin A deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, and stunting in children...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
S I Bargiota, V P Bozikas, G Garyfallos, P McGuire
Over the last twenty years, a lot of early intervention services operate worldwide with the aim of offering assistance and promoting the early diagnosis and management, not only of people who experience a first episode of psychosis but also of individuals that are at high risk of developing psychosis. The early intervention services that operate in other countries have been reviewed in correlation with the current status of early intervention services for psychosis in Greece. Early intervention services were first established in Australia, and now hundreds of similar programs exist in Europe, North America and Asia...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"