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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523939/prevalence-of-psychological-distress-how-do-australia-and-canada-compare
#1
Joanne C Enticott, Elizabeth Lin, Frances Shawyer, Grant Russell, Brett Inder, Scott Patten, Graham Meadows
OBJECTIVE: To compare equivalent population-level mental health indicators in Canada and Australia, and articulate recommendations to support equitable mental health services. These are two somewhat similar resource-rich countries characterized by extensive non-metropolitan and rural regions as well as significant areas of socioeconomic deprivation. METHODS: A cross-national epidemiology and equity study: primary outcome was Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) in recent national surveys...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511721/socioeconomic-status-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-from-around-the-world-different-associations-by-levels-of-country-human-development
#2
Taru Manyanga, Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Vera Mikkila, Stephanie T Broyles
BACKGROUND: Although 'unhealthy' diet is a well-known risk factor for non-communicable diseases, its relationship with socio-economic status (SES) has not been fully investigated. Moreover, the available research has largely been conducted in countries at high levels of human development. This is the first study to examine relationships among dietary patterns and SES of children from countries spanning a wide range of human development. METHODS: This was a multinational cross-sectional study among 9-11 year-old children (n = 6808) from urban/peri-urban sites across 12 countries...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500017/tablet-based-well-being-check-for-the-elderly-development-and-evaluation-of-usability-and-acceptability
#3
Pradeep Ray, Junhua Li, Arni Ariani, Vasvi Kapadia
BACKGROUND: Many elderly people prefer to live at home independently. One of the major concerns raised by the family members is the safety and well-being of their elderly family members when living independently in a home environment. To address this issue, assistive technology solutions have been available in the market. Despite their availability and proliferation, these types of solutions are not popular with the elderly due to their intrusive nature, privacy-related issues, social stigma, and fear of losing human interaction...
May 12, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492087/sociodemographic-characteristics-associated-with-the-use-of-effective-and-less-effective-contraceptive-methods-findings-from-the-understanding-fertility-management-in-contemporary-australia-survey
#4
Karen Freilich, Sara Holton, Heather Rowe, Maggie Kirkman, Lynne Jordan, Kathleen McNamee, Christine Bayly, John McBain, Vikki Sinnott, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Unintended pregnancy and abortion may, in part, result from suboptimal use of effective contraception. This study aimed to identify sociodemographic factors associated with the use of effective and less effective methods among women and men of reproductive age living in Australia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional national survey, 1544 women and men aged 18-51 were identified as being at risk of pregnancy. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to assess the sociodemographic factors related to contraceptive use...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492013/patient-and-practitioner-satisfaction-with-tele-dermatology-including-australia-s-indigenous-population-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Emily K Kozera, Anes Yang, Dedee F Murrell
BACKGROUND: Australia's health disparity, combined with evolving technologies, has evoked increasing interest and funding in health services that could address inequities. One such emerging service is tele-medicine. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to discuss and evaluate the current literature regarding patient and practitioner satisfaction with tele-medicine, and more specifically tele-dermatology. METHODS: We searched for literature relevant to tele-dermatology use among Australia's indigenous population...
September 2016: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487185/structures-processes-and-outcomes-of-the-aussie-heart-guide-program-a-nurse-mentor-supported-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-for-rural-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#6
Terence J Frohmader, Frances Lin, Wendy P Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation has a number of benefits for patients, yet participation in it is sub-optimal, especially in regional Australia. Innovative models of cardiac rehabilitation are needed to improve participation. Providing nurse mentors to support patients transitioning from hospital to home represents a new model of service delivery in Australia. OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of a home based cardiac rehabilitation program in assisting patients to recover from Acute Coronary Syndrome and meeting the expectations of nurse mentors delivering the program...
May 6, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476323/the-malnutrition-screening-tool-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-comparison-of-validity-when-completed-by-health-professionals-with-and-without-malnutrition-screening-training-has-implications-for-practice
#7
Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Elizabeth Isenring
BACKGROUND: The validity of the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) in geriatric rehabilitation has been evaluated in a research environment but not in professional practice. OBJECTIVE: In older adults admitted to rehabilitation, this study was undertaken to compare the MST scoring agreement (inter-rater reliability) between health professionals with and without malnutrition risk and screening training; to evaluate the concurrent validity of the MST completed by the trained and untrained health professionals compared to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification using different MST score cutoffs; and to determine whether patient characteristics were associated with MST scoring accuracy when completed by health professionals without malnutrition risk and screening training...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474050/a-systems-approach-to-suicide-prevention-radical-change-or-doing-the-same-things-better
#8
Scott J Fitzpatrick, Claire Hooker
Suicide is a significant public health concern. Continued high suicide rates, coupled with emerging international evidence, have led to the development of a 'systems' approach to suicide prevention, which is now being trialled as part of a proposed Suicide Prevention Framework for NSW (New South Wales, Australia). The Framework replicates successful international approaches. It is organised around nine components, ranging from individual to population-level approaches, to improve coordination and integration of existing services...
April 27, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463528/understanding-the-context-of-alcohol-impaired-driving-for-fatal-crash-involved-drivers-a-descriptive-case-analysis
#9
Lisa Wundersitz, Simon Raftery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the social context and circumstances surrounding alcohol impaired driving prior to fatal crash involvement for drivers with an illegal blood alcohol concentration (BAC ≥0.05g/100 ml or 0.00g/100 ml for restricted licence holders). METHODS: Coroner's case reports investigating fatal crashes in South Australia over a three year period (2008-2010) were examined. The personal and crash characteristics of drivers with an illegal BAC were compared with those who had a legal BAC...
May 2, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463520/regional-responses-to-the-challenge-of-delivering-integrated-care-to-older-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-rural-australia
#10
Julie Henderson, Suzanne Dawson, Jeffrey Fuller, Deb O'Kane, Adam Gerace, Candice Oster, Eimear Muir Cochrane
OBJECTIVE: Integrated care has been identified as means of managing the demands on the healthcare budget while improving access to and quality of services. It is particularly pertinent to rural health services, which face limited access to specialist and support services. This paper explores the capacity of three rural communities in South Australia to deliver integrated mental health support for older people. METHODS: Thirty-one interviews were conducted with local health and social service providers from mental health, community health, general practice, residential aged care, private practice, NGOs and local government as part of a larger action research project on service integration...
May 2, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460631/association-between-pulmonary-function-and-renal-function-findings-from-china-and-australia
#11
Dahai Yu, Tao Chen, Yamei Cai, Zhanzheng Zhao, David Simmons
BACKGROUND: The relationship between obstructive lung function and impaired renal function is unclear. This study investigated the dose-response relationship between obstructive lung function and impaired renal function. METHODS: Two independent cross-sectional studies with representative sampling were applied. 1454 adults from rural Victoria, Australia (1298 with normal renal function, 156 with impaired renal function) and 5824 adults from Nanjing, China (4313 with normal renal function, 1511 with impaired renal function)...
May 1, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460530/measuring-the-attractiveness-of-rural-communities-in-accounting-for-differences-of-rural-primary-care-workforce-supply
#12
Matthew R McGrail, Peter M Wingrove, Stephen M Petterson, John S Humphreys, Deborah J Russell, Andrew W Bazemore
INTRODUCTION: Many rural communities continue to experience an undersupply of primary care doctor services. While key professional factors relating to difficulties of recruitment and retention of rural primary care doctors are widely identified, less attention has been given to the role of community and place aspects on supply. Place-related attributes contribute to a community's overall amenity or attractiveness, which arguably influence both rural recruitment and retention relocation decisions of doctors...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460189/genetic-characterization-of-a-neisseria-meningitidis-cluster-in-queensland-australia
#13
Noor Radawy Abady, Christine Guglielmino, Rikki Graham, Joseph Adelskov, Helen Violet Smith, Bharat Patel, Amy Victoria Jennison
Neisseria meningitidis serogroups B and C have been responsible for the majority of invasive meningococcal disease in Australia, with serogroup B strains causing an increasing proportion of cases in recent years. Serogroup Y has typically caused sporadic disease in Australia. In 2002, a cluster of four cases was reported from a rural region in Queensland. Three of these cases were serogroup C, with one case diagnosed by molecular detection only, and the fourth case was identified as a serogroup Y infection...
May 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449728/stayin-on-track-the-feasibility-of-developing-internet-and-mobile-phone-based-resources-to-support-young-aboriginal-fathers
#14
Richard Fletcher, Craig Hammond, Darren Faulkner, Nicole Turner, Lisa Shipley, Donna Read, Josephine Gwynn
Young Aboriginal fathers face social and emotional challenges in the transition to fatherhood, yet culturally appropriate support mechanisms are lacking. Peer mentoring to develop online- and mobile phone-based resources and support may be a viable approach to successfully engage these young men. This feasibility study engaged two trusted Aboriginal mentors and researchers to partner with one regional and two rural Aboriginal communities in New South Wales, Australia. Early in the research process, 20 young Aboriginal fathers were recruited as co-investigators...
April 28, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443265/registration-for-deceased-organ-and-tissue-donation-among-ontario-immigrants-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Alvin Ho-Ting Li, Ngan N Lam, Sonny Dhanani, Matthew Weir, Versha Prakash, Joseph Kim, Greg Knoll, Amit X Garg
BACKGROUND: Canada has low rates of deceased organ and tissue donation. Immigrants to Canada may differ in their registered support for deceased organ donation based on their country of origin. METHODS: We used linked administrative databases in Ontario (about 11 million residents aged ≥ 16 yr) to study the proportion of immigrants and long-term residents registered for deceased organ and tissue donation as of October 2013. We used modified Poisson regression to identify and quantify predictors of donor registration...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441877/health-justice-partnerships-initial-insights-into-the-delivery-of-an-integrated-health-and-legal-service-for-youth-in-regional-victoria
#16
Alison Ollerenshaw, Margaret Camilleri
INTRODUCTION: This article presents interim findings from research examining the implementation of a health justice partnership (HJP) focusing on the legal and health needs of regional young people. HJPs provide an innovative service model offering an integrated health and legal service for the community. HJPs are a relatively new service model for Australia, yet the program is well suited to meet the needs of particular population cohorts, including young people and those in regional locations experiencing complex legal issues...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438479/family-presence-during-resuscitation-fpdr-observational-case-studies-of-emergency-personnel-in-victoria-australia
#17
Joanne E Porter, Nareeda Miller, Anita Giannis, Nicole Coombs
INTRODUCTION: Family Presence During Resuscitation (FPDR), although not a new concept, remains inconsistently implemented by emergency personnel. Many larger metropolitan emergency departments (ED) have instigated a care coordinator role, however these personnel are often from a non-nursing background and have therefore limited knowledge about the clinical aspects of the resuscitation. In rural emergency departments there are simply not enough staff to allocate an independent role. A separate care coordinator role, who is assigned to care for the family and not take part in the resuscitation has been well documented as essential to the successful implementation of FPDR...
April 21, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437566/physical-therapists-perceptions-of-telephone-and-internet-video-mediated-service-models-for-exercise-management-of-people-with-osteoarthritis
#18
Belinda J Lawford, Kim L Bennell, Jessica Kasza, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: Investigate physical therapists' perceptions of, and willingness to use, telephone- and internet-mediated service models for exercise therapy for people with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis. METHODS: An internet-based survey of Australian physical therapists comprising three sections: i) demographic information; and 16 positively-framed perception statements about delivering exercise via ii) telephone and; iii) video over the internet, for people with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis...
April 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436157/real-time-teleophthalmology-video-consultation-an-analysis-of-patient-satisfaction-in-rural-western-australia
#19
Benjamin Kj Host, Angus W Turner, Josephine Muir
BACKGROUND: Teleophthalmology, particularly real-time video consultation, holds great potential in Australia and similar countries worldwide, where geography, population and medical workforce distribution make it difficult to provide specialist eye services outside of major cities. Assessment and referrals from rural optometrists are vital to the success of teleophthalmology. While there is good evidence for the efficacy of such services, there is limited evidence for patient satisfaction with video consultation...
April 23, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432993/chemical-biological-and-dna-markers-for-tracing-slaughterhouse-effluent
#20
P J Harvey, M P Taylor, H K Handley, S Foster, M R Gillings, A J Asher
Agricultural practices, if not managed correctly, can have a negative impact on receiving environments via waste disposal and discharge. In this study, a chicken slaughter facility on the rural outskirts of Sydney, Australia, has been identified as a possible source of persistent effluent discharge into a peri-urban catchment. Questions surrounding the facility's environmental management practices go back more than four decades. Despite there having never been a definitive determination of the facility's impact on local stream water quality, the New South Wales Environment Protection Authority (NSW EPA) has implemented numerous pollution reduction requirements to manage noise and water pollution at the slaughter facility...
April 26, 2017: Environmental Research
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