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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229755/the-full-moon-and-motorcycle-related-mortality-population-based-double-control-study
#1
Donald A Redelmeier, Eldar Shafir
OBJECTIVE: To test whether a full moon contributes to motorcycle related deaths. DESIGN: Population based, individual level, double control, cross sectional analysis. SETTING: Nighttime (4 pm to 8 am), United States. PARTICIPANTS: 13 029 motorcycle fatalities throughout the United States, 1975 to 2014 (40 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Motorcycle fatalities during a full moon. RESULTS: 13 029 motorcyclists were in fatal crashes during 1482 relevant nights...
December 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228975/prediabetes-and-cardiovascular-complications-study-paccs-international-collaboration-4%C3%A2-years-summary-and-future-direction
#2
E U Nwose, R S Richards, P T Bwititi, E O Igumbor, E J Oshionwu, K Okolie, I C Onyia, A Pokhrel, P Gyawali, J N Okuzor, V M Oguoma, F W Gardiner, L Wang
OBJECTIVE: The prediabetes and cardiovascular complications studies proposes to develop a screening protocol for diabetes cardiovascular risk, and strategies for holistic management amongst others. Over 500 participants were recruited in the first 2 years of rural community research screening. Specific for this report, various published findings were reviewed. The objective is to summarize research outcomes and itemize limitations as they constitute basis of future directions. RESULTS: Affordability and availability are major confounding behavioural change wheel factors in the rural community...
December 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227153/profiles-by-suicide-methods-an-analysis-of-older-adults
#3
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego de Leo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate choice of suicide method in individuals aged 65 years and over. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Queensland Suicide Register, Australia. Univariate and multi-variate logistic regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: The predominant methods in older adults were hanging (21.5%), firearms and explosives (20.9%), drug poisoning (18.5%), followed by other poisoning (mainly MVCO) (12.6%), suffocation by plastic bag (8...
December 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226464/place-of-death-in-the-snowy-monaro-region-of-new-south-wales-a-study-of-residents-who-died-of-a-condition-amenable-to-palliative-care
#4
Suzanne Rainsford, Nicholas J Glasgow, Rod D MacLeod, Teresa Neeman, Christine B Phillips, Robert B Wiles
OBJECTIVE: To describe the place of death of residents in a rural region of New South Wales. DESIGN: Cross-sectional quantitative study using death data collected from local funeral directors (in person and websites), residential aged-care facilities, one multipurpose heath service and obituary notices in the local media (newspapers/radio). SETTING: Snowy Monaro region (NSW Australia). PARTICIPANTS: Residents, with advanced frailty or one of 10 conditions amenable to palliative care, who died between 1 February 2015 and 31 May 2016...
December 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225733/colorectal-surgeon-consensus-with-diverticulitis-clinical-practice-guidelines
#5
Javariah Siddiqui, Assad Zahid, Jonathan Hong, Christopher John Young
AIM: To determine the application of clinical practice guidelines for the current management of diverticulitis and colorectal surgeon specialist consensus in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: A survey was distributed to 205 colorectal surgeons in Australia and New Zealand, using 22 hypothetical clinical scenarios. RESULTS: The response rate was 102 (50%). For 19 guideline-based scenarios, only 11 (58%) reached consensus (defined as > 70% majority opinion) and agreed with guidelines; while 3 (16%) reached consensus and did not agree with guidelines...
November 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217315/predictors-of-effective-therapeutic-relationships-between-pharmacists-and-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-comparison-between-arabic-speaking-and-caucasian-english-speaking-patients
#6
H Alzubaidi, K Mc Namara, V L Versace
BACKGROUND: The benefits of pharmacist-led interventions in achieving desired patient outcomes have been well established. Effective patient-pharmacist relationships are required to provide high-quality pharmacy care. Limited information is available about how Arabic-speaking migrants with diabetes, in Australia, perceive patient-pharmacist relationship and how these perspectives differ from the mainstream society (represented by Caucasian English-speaking people). OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the patient-pharmacist relationship, medication underuse and adherence levels among Arabic-speaking and Caucasian English-speaking patients with type 2 diabetes...
November 23, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207887/burn-care-and-rehabilitation-in-australia-health-professionals-perspectives
#7
Rachel Kornhaber, Greg Rickard, Loyola McLean, Rick Wiechula, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
OBJECTIVE: To understand health professionals' perspectives of burn care and rehabilitation. DESIGN: Qualitative and semi-structured interviews. SETTING: Australian burn and rehabilitation units. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two clinicians working in burns units across disciplines and healthcare settings. RESULTS: The data portrayed the health professionals' perspectives of burn care and rehabilitation in Australia...
December 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187193/paediatric-case-mix-in-a-rural-clinical-school-is-relevant-to-future-practice
#8
Helen M Wright, Moira A L Maley, Denese E Playford, Pam Nicol, Sharon F Evans
BACKGROUND: Exposure to a representative case mix is essential for clinical learning, with logbooks established as a way of demonstrating patient contacts. Few studies have reported the paediatric case mix available to geographically distributed students within the same medical school. Given international interest in expanding medical teaching locations to rural contexts, equitable case exposure in rural relative to urban settings is topical. The Rural Clinical School of Western Australia locates students up to 3500 km from the urban university for an academic year...
November 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179701/the-enablers-barriers-and-preferences-of-accessing-radiation-therapy-facilities-in-the-rural-developed-world-a-systematic-review
#9
Sandra C Thompson, Shelley Cheetham, Siddhartha Baxi
BACKGROUND: Utilisation of radiation therapy for regional Australia and around the world has been the focus of much health policy the last decade. Radiation therapy centres have been built in Australian regional and rural areas to improve access to radiation therapy and reduce the tyranny of distance as a barrier to access. After this the enablers, barriers and perceptions of patients has been evaluated to determine utilisation once centres have been built. Thisreview looks the impact of rural radiation services in the developed world, barriers and enablers of establishing a rural radiation centre, and patients' and service providers' perspectives and preferences around the uptake of rural radiation therapy...
November 28, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171720/building-resilience-in-regional-youth-impacts-of-a-universal-mental-health-promotion-programme
#10
Margaret McAllister, Bruce Allen Knight, Penelope Hasking, Cathie Withyman, Jessica Dawkins
Mental health is a leading health issue facing young people today, particularly those living in rural and regional areas. Although public policy supports schools-based health promotion, there is limited evidence of the efficacy of such programmes and the elements that enhance successful implementation in rural and regional areas. A study was designed to evaluate a mental health promotion programme, delivered collaboratively by nurses, guidance officers, and teachers, to 850 young people from 23 rural and regional high schools in Queensland, Australia...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168780/factors-associated-with-dental-caries-in-primary-dentition-in-a-non-fluoridated-rural-community-of-new-south-wales-australia
#11
Amit Arora, Narendar Manohar, James Rufus John
Dental caries persists as one of the most prevalent chronic diseases among children worldwide. This study aims to determine factors that influence dental caries in primary dentition among primary school children residing in the rural non-fluoridated community of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. A total of 495 children aged 5-10 years old from all the six primary schools in Lithgow were approached to participate in a cross-sectional survey prior to implementation of water fluoridation in 2014. Following parental consent, children were clinically examined for caries in their primary teeth, and parents were requested to complete a questionnaire on previous fluoride exposure, diet and relevant socio-demographic characteristics that influence oral health...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168610/rural-placement-experiences-in-dental-education-and-the-impact-on-professional-intentions-and-employment-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#12
G Johnson, F C Wright, K Foster, A Blinkhorn
CONTEXT/INTRODUCTION: The availability of clinical dental services in rural locations is a major concern for many countries as dental care professionals gravitate to work in metropolitan areas. This systematic review examines the literature on Rural Placement Programs within dentistry and their impact on workforce intentions and employment outcomes. The review provides a detailed analysis of the methodological characteristics of the literature, considers the quality of the evidence and compares the outcomes within an international context...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166780/what-influences-parents-fear-about-children-s-independent-mobility-evidence-from-a-state-wide-survey-of-australian-parents
#13
Shannon K Bennetts, Amanda R Cooklin, Sharinne Crawford, Fabrizio D'Esposito, Naomi J Hackworth, Julie Green, Jan Matthews, Lyndall Strazdins, Stephen R Zubrick, Jan M Nicholson
PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with generalized and stranger-specific parental fear (PF) about children's independent mobility (CIM), a critical aspect of physical activity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey; random sampling frame, minimum quotas of fathers, rural residents. SETTING: State of Victoria, Australia. SUBJECTS: Parents of children aged 9 to 15 years (n = 1779), 71% response rate. MEASURES: Validated measures of PF and fear of strangers (FoS); parent, child, social, and environmental factors...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165539/management-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-rural-south-australia-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
E Dent, E Hoon, J Karnon, A Kitson, J Dollard, J Newbury, G Harvey, T Gill, J Beilby
With age, the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions increases markedly. This rural-based study determined the benefits of two approaches for managing musculoskeletal conditions: a multiple-component 'Self-management Plus' intervention, and usual care. The intervention combined self-management education with physical activity and health professional support. 6-month outcomes included: Clinical Global Impression-Improvement Scale (CGI-IS) and Quality of Life (QoL). A total of 145 people were recruited; mean (SD) age was 66...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159936/influence-of-socioeconomic-factors-and-distance-to-radiotherapy-on-breast-conserving-surgery-rates-for-early-breast-cancer-in-regional-australia-implications-of-change
#15
Ian M Collins, Caroline Lum, Vincent L Versace
AIMS: Breast conserving surgery rates are affected by many factors including distance to radiotherapy and tumor-related features. Numerous studies have found women who must travel further for radiotherapy are more likely to choose mastectomy and avoid radiotherapy. We examined relationships between socioeconomic group, distance to radiotherapy services and mastectomy rates across a range of rural and metropolitan settings. METHODS: We used a dataset extracted from the Evaluation of Cancer Outcomes Barwon South Western Registry, which captured data on new breast cancer diagnoses in the southwest region of Victoria, Australia...
November 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151893/defining-the-gap-a-systematic-review-of-the-difference-in-rates-of-diabetes-related-foot-complications-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians-and-non-indigenous-australians
#16
REVIEW
Matthew West, Vivienne Chuter, Shannon Munteanu, Fiona Hawke
Background: The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community has an increased risk of developing chronic illnesses including diabetes. Among people with diabetes, foot complications are common and make a significant contribution to the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. The aim of this review was to systematically evaluate the literature comparing the rates of diabetes related foot complications in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians to non-Indigenous Australians...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146650/benefits-and-risks-of-iron-interventions-in-children-brisc-protocol-for-a-three-arm-parallel-group-randomised-controlled-field-trial-in-bangladesh
#17
Mohammed Imrul Hasan, Sheikh Jamal Hossain, Sabine Braat, Michael John Dibley, Jane Fisher, Sally Grantham-McGregor, Fahmida Tofail, Julie A Simpson, Shams Ei Arifeen, Jena Hamadani, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Sant-Rayn Pasricha
INTRODUCTION: Anaemia is a major global health problem affecting about 43% of preschool children globally and 60% of 6-24-month-old children in rural Bangladesh, half of which is attributed to iron deficiency (ID). Although WHO recommends universal supplementation with iron or home fortification with iron-containing multiple micronutrient powders (MMPs) to children under 2 years, evidence for benefits of these interventions on childhood development (a key rationale for these interventions) and harms (especially infection) remains limited...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141187/factors-associated-with-final-year-nursing-students-desire-to-work-in-the-primary-health-care-setting-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Jacqueline G Bloomfield, Christina Aggar, Tamsin H T Thomas, Christopher J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses are under-represented in the primary health care setting both internationally and in Australia, and this shortage is predicted to worsen. To address the increasingly complex healthcare needs of an ageing population, it is vital to develop and sustain a primary health care nursing workforce, yet attracting nurses is challenging. In Australia, registered nurses graduating from university typically commence their careers in hospital-based transition to professional practice programs...
October 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139107/antenatal-influenza-and-pertussis-vaccine-uptake-among-aboriginal-mothers-in-western-australia
#19
Kennia Lotter, Annette K Regan, Tyra Thomas, Paul V Effler, Donna B Mak
BACKGROUND: Antenatal influenza and pertussis vaccination prevent serious disease in mothers and infants. Aboriginal individuals are at increased risk of infection yet little is known about vaccine coverage among Aboriginal mothers. AIMS: To estimate the uptake of influenza and pertussis vaccination among pregnant Aboriginal women in Western Australia and identify barriers and enablers to vaccination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred Aboriginal women, aged ≥18 years, who gave birth to a live infant between April and October 2015, were randomly selected and invited to participate in telephone interviews...
November 14, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131446/food-provision-among-food-relief-agencies-in-rural-australia-and-perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-provide-healthy-food
#20
Natalia Bortolin, Jaqueline Priestly, Janice Sangster
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity affects 4-14% of Australians, and up to 82% of vulnerable groups. Food relief agencies commonly provide food parcels or food vouchers. Little research has been undertaken on food relief agencies within rural Australia. This study determined the type of food assistance provided by rural FRAs, and barriers and enablers to provide healthy food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, using telephone questionnaires with qualitative and quantitative aspects...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
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