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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731601/telephone-delivered-weight-management-services-in-the-hospital-outpatient-setting-decision-makers-perceptions-of-their-use-in-routine-practice
#1
Megan E Whelan, Ana D Goode, Ingrid J Hickman, Elizabeth G Eakin, Marina M Reeves
AIM: Providing effective weight management services to the growing number of overweight or obese hospital patients necessitates long-term service provision; however, it is arguably not within the acute-care hospital remit to provide such extended services. Referral to community-based programs is required to provide continuing weight management services. The Get Healthy Service is a free six-month, telephone-delivered lifestyle program, now offered in several states of Australia with potential for wide population reach...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716209/understanding-animal-health-communication-networks-among-smallholder-livestock-producers-in-australia-using-stakeholder-analysis
#2
L Hayes, R Woodgate, L Rast, J-A L M L Toribio, M Hernández-Jover
Smallholder livestock producers are a diverse population with wide ranging motivations for keeping livestock. The biosecurity risk posed by smallholders has been the subject of much conjecture, with comparisons often made between the level of animal health and biosecurity knowledge of smallholders, versus that of commercial livestock producers. This research aimed to gain a better understanding of current knowledge of smallholder production in Australia, particularly in relation to biosecurity and emergency animal disease, and to investigate the relationships that exist between smallholders and the organisations and individuals from which they seek information, assistance and support...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712410/achieving-self-sufficiency-training-australia-s-future-medical-workforce
#3
Brian Fernandes, Edward R Scheffer Cliff, Amelia Chowdhury
There is an oversupply of Australian junior doctors, but significant training bottlenecks are developing, and geographical maldistribution in rural and remote areas remains. Last year, the Federal Minister for Immigration rejected a Department of Health recommendation for the removal of 41 health roles from the Skilled Occupation List after concerns that rural and regional communities would be left without access to medical services in areas currently serviced by international medical graduates. In an effort to achieve workforce self-sufficiency, Australia must ensure access to high-quality vocational training places in rural and regional settings while managing immigration of overseas-trained health professionals...
July 17, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701199/effectiveness-of-distance-learning-strategies-for-continuing-professional-development-cpd-for-rural-allied-health-practitioners-a-systematic-review
#4
Angela Berndt, Carolyn M Murray, Kate Kennedy, Mandy J Stanley, Susan Gilbert-Hunt
BACKGROUND: Allied health professionals working in rural areas face unique challenges, often with limited access to resources. Accessing continuing professional development is one of those challenges and is related to retention of workforce. Effectiveness of distance learning strategies for continuing professional development in rural allied healthcare workers has not been evaluated. METHODS: We searched 17 databases and the grey literature up to September 2016 following the PRISMA guidelines...
July 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701121/where-to-next-for-rural-general-practice-policy-and-research-in-australia
#5
Lucie K Walters, Matthew R McGrail, Dean B Carson, Belinda G O'Sullivan, Deborah J Russell, Roger P Strasser, Richard B Hays, Max Kamien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697777/enhancing-the-use-of-research-in-health-promoting-anti-racism-policy
#6
Angeline S Ferdinand, Yin Paradies, Margaret Kelaher
BACKGROUND: The Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) programme was established to improve the health of ethnic minority communities through the reduction of racial discrimination. Local governments in the state of Victoria, Australia, were at the forefront of LEAD implementation in collaboration with leading state and national organisations. Key aims included expanding the available evidence regarding effective anti-racism interventions and facilitating the uptake of this evidence in organisational policies and practices...
July 11, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691523/reflections-of-a-psychiatric-mercenary-on-being-a-locum
#7
Chris Perkins
OBJECTIVE: In this article I reflect on life as a locum psychiatrist in Australia and New Zealand, considering the context, qualities required in a locum and the benefits and challenges of the role. CONCLUSIONS: Australasian psychiatric locums work mostly in rural areas or small towns where it is difficult to recruit and retain consultants or to cover for leave. The qualities appreciated in locums are their presence, the ability to start work quickly, flexibility, therapeutic caution and advocacy...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683808/up-close-and-real-living-and-learning-in-a-remote-community-builds-students-cultural-capabilities-and-understanding-of-health-disparities
#8
Rosalie D Thackrah, Maeva Hall, Kathryn Fitzgerald, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Rural and remote communities in Australia fare worse than their urban counterparts across major health indicators, with geographic isolation, restricted accessibility to health services, socioeconomic disadvantage, lifestyle and behavioural factors all implicated in poorer health outcomes. Health disparities, which are especially stark in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations, underscore the urgent need to build a culturally responsive and respectful rural health workforce...
July 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682709/knowing-being-and-doing-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-collaboration-in-cancer-services
#9
Joanna Zubrzycki, Rick Shipp, Victoria Jones
This qualitative inquiry explored the processes and practices of collaboration as experienced by a group of Australian multidisciplinary Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health workers. Each worker had participated, for a period of 2 to 5 years, in an Australian Government-funded project in which a range of health initiatives led to improved access to cancer services by Aboriginal communities in a rural region of South Eastern Australia. Initiatives which addressed high rates of mortality from cancer, poor access to cancer screening, and engagement with cancer treatment were developed through the formation of close working relationships between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health workers...
July 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681281/population-health-outcomes-of-a-student-led-free-health-clinic-for-an-underserved-population-a-naturalistic-study
#10
Cynthia M Stuhlmiller, Barry Tolchard
There are a number of hard to reach and underserved communities who experience inadequate health care. In Australia, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders peoples experience low life expectancy, higher levels for chronic disease and elevated smoking and drinking. These problems are further exacerbated when living in regional and rural Australia and poverty. There are growing concerns over helping such groups in order to close the health disparity gap. A student-led clinic (SLC) was developed to address clinical placement shortages while providing free health and social services in an underserved community in regional Australia...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665050/assessing-the-public-acceptability-of-proposed-policy-interventions-to-reduce-the-misuse-of-antibiotics-in-australia-a-report-on-two-community-juries
#11
Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Jon Iredell, Ky-Anh Nguyen, Jacqueline M Norris, John D Turnidge, Angus Dawson, Stacy M Carter, Gwendolyn L Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: To elicit the views of well-informed community members on the acceptability of proposed policy interventions designed to improve community use of antibiotics in Australia. DESIGN: Two community juries held in 2016. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Western Sydney and Dubbo communities in NSW, Australia. Twenty-nine participants of diverse social and cultural backgrounds, mixed genders and ages recruited via public advertising: one jury was drawn from a large metropolitan setting; the other from a regional/rural setting...
June 30, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660182/research-on-the-translation-and-implementation-of-stepping-on-in-three-wisconsin-communities
#12
Amy E Schlotthauer, Jane E Mahoney, Ann L Christiansen, Vicki L Gobel, Peter Layde, Valeree Lecey, Karin A Mack, Terry Shea, Lindy Clemson
OBJECTIVE: Falls are a leading cause of injury death. Stepping On is a fall prevention program developed in Australia and shown to reduce falls by up to 31%. The original program was implemented in a community setting, by an occupational therapist, and included a home visit. The purpose of this study was to examine aspects of the translation and implementation of Stepping On in three community settings in Wisconsin. METHODS: The investigative team identified four research questions to understand the spread and use of the program, as well as to determine whether critical components of the program could be modified to maximize use in community practice...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655309/the-effectiveness-of-emergency-nurse-practitioner-service-in-the-management-of-patients-presenting-to-rural-hospitals-with-chest-pain-a-multisite-prospective-longitudinal-nested-cohort-study
#13
Tina E Roche, Glenn Gardner, Leanne Jack
BACKGROUND: Health reforms in service improvement have included the use of nurse practitioners. In rural emergency departments, nurse practitioners work to the full scope of their expanded role across all patient acuities including those presenting with undifferentiated chest pain. Currently, there is a paucity of evidence regarding the effectiveness of emergency nurse practitioner service in rural emergency departments. Inquiry into the safety and quality of the service, particularly regarding the management of complex conditions is a priority to ensure that this service improvement model meets health care needs of rural communities...
June 27, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653594/the-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-of-young-australian-adults-a-population-perspective
#14
Monica Nour, Zhixian Sui, Amanda Grech, Anna Rangan, Kevin McGeechan, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
OBJECTIVE: To examine intakes and variety of fruit and vegetables consumed by Australian young adults, also assessing differences by meal occasion and sociodemographic characteristics. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional 24 h recall data collected through the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Crude means and proportions consuming fruits and vegetables were calculated. Pearson χ 2 tests, Kruskal-Wallis analyses and linear regression models were used to assess differences in mean intakes by age, BMI and sociodemographic variables...
June 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639293/-although-we-re-isolated-we-re-not-really-isolated-the-value-of-information-and-communication-technology-for-older-people-in-rural-australia
#15
Turi Berg, Rachel Winterton, Maree Petersen, Jeni Warburton
OBJECTIVE: Drawing from a larger study that identified the supports and services that facilitate wellness among older people from rural communities, this study examined the specific contribution made by information and communication technology (ICT). METHODS: Qualitative interviews were undertaken with 60 older adults from six Australian rural areas. A preliminary thematic analysis was conducted, followed by a higher-order inductive analysis. RESULTS: Information and communication technology use was discussed in terms of individual enrichment, and in terms of enabling connections between the individual and their social networks, community and wider service environments...
June 22, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637470/promoting-physical-activity-among-adolescent-girls-the-girls-in-sport-group-randomized-trial
#16
Anthony D Okely, David R Lubans, Philip J Morgan, Wayne Cotton, Louisa Peralta, Judith Miller, Marijka Batterham, Xanne Janssen
BACKGROUND: Slowing the decline in participation in physical activity among adolescent girls is a public health priority. This study reports the outcomes from a multi-component school-based intervention (Girls in Sport), focused on promoting physical activity among adolescent girls. METHODS: Group randomized controlled trial in 24 secondary schools (12 intervention and 12 control). Assessments were conducted at baseline (2009) and at 18 months post-baseline (2010)...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630247/saksenaea-vasiformis-infection-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-in-rural-australia
#17
Wiktor Teodor Pilch, Ned Kinnear, Derek Barry Hennessey
An 81-year-old man from rural Australia presented with right pretibial cellulitis 7 days after minor trauma against furniture. He failed to improve despite antibiotics and surgical debridement. Subsequent cultures grew the rare fungus Saksenaea vasiformis, which was treated with further surgical debridement, amphotericin B and posaconazole. This was successful and the patient made a full recovery. We present the case and discuss lessons learnt.
June 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#18
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618161/prevention-of-osteoporotic-refractures-in-regional-australia
#19
Emily Davidson, Alexa Seal, Zelda Doyle, Kerin Fielding, Joe McGirr
OBJECTIVE: Clinical guidelines recommend that patients who sustain a minimal trauma fracture (MTF) should receive a bone mineral density (BMD) scan and bisphosphonate (or equivalent) therapy if diagnosed with osteoporosis. A pilot fracture liaison service (FLS) was implemented in regional NSW to improve adherence to the guidelines. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with an historical control. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Control (n = 47) and cohort (n = 93) groups comprised patients consenting to interview who presented with a MTF to the major referral hospital 4 months before and 12 months after FLS implementation respectively...
June 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618088/a-comparison-of-barriers-to-mental-health-support-seeking-among-farming-and-non-farming-adults-in-rural-south-australia
#20
Melissa J Hull, Kate M Fennell, Kari Vallury, Martin Jones, James Dollman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the differences between farming and non-farming rural adults in perceived barriers to mental health service use. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey, modified from the Barriers to Help-Seeking Scale (BHSS), was conducted using a computer-assisted telephone interview. SETTING: Respondents (age 52.6 ± 11.6 years) were recruited from three rural regions of South Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Approximately, 78 non-farmers and 45 farmers were included in analyses...
June 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
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