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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922381/the-operation-of-a-research-and-development-r-d-program-and-its-significance-for-practice-change-in-community-pharmacy
#1
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacy practice in Australia is changing and Research and Development (R&D) in community pharmacy plays an important role in contributing to the changes. A range of Cognitive Pharmacy Services (CPS) were developed from R&D programs, yet their implementation has been minimal indicating slow practice change within community pharmacy. Given the vital role of R&D, little is known about the operation and the extent to which it has been effective in supporting practice change in community pharmacy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920524/remotely-supported-prehospital-ultrasound-a-feasibility-study-of-real-time-image-transmission-and-expert-guidance-to-aid-diagnosis-in-remote-and-rural-communities
#2
Leila Eadie, John Mulhern, Luke Regan, Alasdair Mort, Helen Shannon, Ashish Macaden, Philip Wilson
Introduction Our aim is to expedite prehospital assessment of remote and rural patients using remotely-supported ultrasound and satellite/cellular communications. In this paradigm, paramedics are remotely-supported ultrasound operators, guided by hospital-based specialists, to record images before receiving diagnostic advice. Technology can support users in areas with little access to medical imaging and suboptimal communications coverage by connecting to multiple cellular networks and/or satellites to stream live ultrasound and audio-video...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920499/tactile-radar-experimenting-a-computer-game-with-visually-disabled
#3
Virgínia Kastrup, Alvaro Cassinelli, Paulo Quérette, Niklas Bergstrom, Eliana Sampaio
BACKGROUND: Visually disabled people increasingly use computers in everyday life, thanks to novel assistive technologies better tailored to their cognitive functioning. Like sighted people, many are interested in computer games - videogames and audio-games. Tactile-games are beginning to emerge. The Tactile Radar is a device through which a visually disabled person is able to detect distal obstacles. In this study, it is connected to a computer running a tactile-game. The game consists in finding and collecting randomly arranged coins in a virtual room...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915069/facilitators-and-barriers-to-positive-airway-pressure-adherence-for-adolescents-a-qualitative-study
#4
Zahra Alebraheem, Alene Toulany, Adele Baker, Jennifer Christian, Indra Narang
RATIONALE: Low adherence to positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment for adolescents with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can have long-term cardio-metabolic and developmental impact. OBJECTIVES: To explore the facilitators and barriers to PAP use in adolescents with OSA. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study using a descriptive thematic analysis approach. A total of 21 interviews were conducted in the clinical setting with adolescents prescribed PAP to treat OSA within the previous 12 months...
September 15, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914436/chinese-and-indian-women-s-experience-with-alternative-medications-for-menopause-related-symptoms-a-qualitative-analysis
#5
Saw Ohn Mar, Fatehpal Singh Malhi, Syed Hamid Syed Rahim, Myint Myint Soe
OBJECTIVE: To explore women's rationalization for using alternative medications, their experience and view on safety of long-term use. METHODS: Two focus group discussions, involving 5 participants each for Chinese and Indian groups, were conducted separately. Participant's personal information was collected anonymously. The discussion covered 5 areas: determinants for taking medications; reason for choosing alternative medications rather than hormone replacement therapy (HRT); how these medications help them; their view on cost-effectiveness and concerns over long-term use...
September 15, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910238/telemanagement-of-heart-failure-patients-across-the-post-acute-care-continuum
#6
Amy Dadosky, Heather Overbeck, Laura Barbetta, Ken Bertke, Maureen Corl, Kathleen Daly, Natasha Hiles, Nancy Rector, Eugene Chung, Santosh Menon
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a chronic condition causing nearly 1 million hospital admissions annually in the United States with 25% of patients rehospitalized within 30 days. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether telemanagement of HF patients throughout the post-acute continuum of care would reduce rehospitalization rates and improve patient self-care knowledge and satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HF patients discharged to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) received telemanagement by HF clinicians with opportunity for continuation at home with assistance of home healthcare (HHC) nurses...
September 13, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904749/do-you-hear-what-i-see-vocalization-relative-to-visual-detection-rates-of-hawaiian-hoary-bats-lasiurus-cinereus-semotus
#7
Paulo Marcos Gorresen, Paul M Cryan, Kristina Montoya-Aiona, Frank J Bonaccorso
Bats vocalize during flight as part of the sensory modality called echolocation, but very little is known about whether flying bats consistently call. Occasional vocal silence during flight when bats approach prey or conspecifics has been documented for relatively few species and situations. Bats flying alone in clutter-free airspace are not known to forgo vocalization, yet prior observations suggested possible silent behavior in certain, unexpected situations. Determining when, why, and where silent behavior occurs in bats will help evaluate major assumptions of a primary monitoring method for bats used in ecological research, management, and conservation...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903056/quality-of-bystander-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-during-real-life-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#8
Tore Gyllenborg, Asger Granfeldt, Freddy Lippert, Ingunn Skogstad Riddervold, Fredrik Folke
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can increase survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, little is known about bystander CPR quality in real-life OHCA. AIM: To describe bystander CPR quality based on automated external defibrillator (AED) CPR process data during OHCA and compare it with the European Resuscitation Council 2010 and 2015 Guidelines. METHODS: We included OHCA cases from the Capital Region, Denmark, (2012-2016) where a Zoll AED was used before ambulance arrival...
September 10, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901779/initial-consonant-deletion-in-bilingual-spanish-english-speaking-children-with-speech-sound-disorders
#9
Leah Fabiano-Smith, Suzanne Lea Cuzner
The purpose of this study was to utilize a theoretical model of bilingual speech sound production as a framework for analyzing the speech of bilingual children with speech sound disorders. In order to distinguish speech difference from speech disorder, we examined between-language interaction on initial consonant deletion, an error pattern found cross-linguistically in the speech of children with speech sound disorders. Thirteen monolingual English-speaking and bilingual Spanish-and English-speaking preschoolers with speech sound disorders were audio-recorded during a single word picture-naming task and their recordings were phonetically transcribed...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901546/return-of-spontaneous-circulation-and-long-term-survival-according-to-feedback-provided-by-automated-external-defibrillators
#10
M Agerskov, M B Hansen, A M Nielsen, T P Møller, M Wissenberg, L S Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effect of automated external defibrillator (AED) feedback mechanisms on survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) victims. In addition, we investigated converting rates in patients with shockable rhythms according to AED shock waveforms and energy levels. METHODS: We collected data on OHCA occurring between 2011 and 2014 in the Capital Region of Denmark where an AED was applied prior to ambulance arrival. Patient data were obtained from the Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry and medical records...
September 13, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900571/cavitation-sounds-during-cervicothoracic-spinal-manipulation
#11
James Dunning, Firas Mourad, Andrea Zingoni, Raffaele Iorio, Thomas Perreault, Noah Zacharko, César Fernández de Las Peñas, Raymond Butts, Joshua A Cleland
BACKGROUND: No study has previously investigated the side, duration or number of audible cavitation sounds during high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) thrust manipulation to the cervicothoracic spine. PURPOSE: The primary purpose was to determine which side of the spine cavitates during cervicothoracic junction (CTJ) HVLA thrust manipulation. Secondary aims were to calculate the average number of cavitations, the duration of cervicothoracic thrust manipulation, and the duration of a single cavitation...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898529/the-design-development-and-evaluation-of-a-qualitative-data-collection-application-for-pregnant-women
#12
Hazel Keedle, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah Dahlen
PURPOSE: This article explores the development and evaluation of a smartphone mobile software application (app) to collect qualitative data. The app was specifically designed to capture real-time qualitative data from women planning a vaginal birth after caesarean delivery. This article outlines the design and development of the app to include funding, ethics, and the recruitment of an app developer, as well as the evaluation of using the app by seven participants. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Data collection methods used in qualitative research include interviews and focus groups (either online, face-to-face, or by phone), participant diaries, or observations of interactions...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895928/collaborative-visual-analytics-a-health-analytics-approach-to-injury-prevention
#13
Samar Al-Hajj, Brian Fisher, Jennifer Smith, Ian Pike
Background: Accurate understanding of complex health data is critical in order to deal with wicked health problems and make timely decisions. Wicked problems refer to ill-structured and dynamic problems that combine multidimensional elements, which often preclude the conventional problem solving approach. This pilot study introduces visual analytics (VA) methods to multi-stakeholder decision-making sessions about child injury prevention; Methods: Inspired by the Delphi method, we introduced a novel methodology-group analytics (GA)...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895903/performable-case-studies-in-ethics-education
#14
Richard Robeson, Nancy M P King
Bioethics education often includes the study of short stories, novels, plays, and films, because such materials present case examples that can highlight relevant issues and questions especially vividly for a wide range of students. In addition, creative writing is widely used in the education of health professional students and in continuing education settings for health professionals. There are very few academic or professional disciplines that do not use case studies, but the case study in dialogic form has not been standard practice for thousands of years...
September 12, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893742/living-with-crohn-s-disease-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-qualitative-study-into-decision-making-and-expectations-in-relation-to-autologous-haematopoietic-stem-cell-treatment-the-decides-study
#15
Joanne Cooper, Iszara Blake, James O Lindsay, Christopher J Hawkey
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Severe Crohn's disease impacts negatively on individual quality of life, with treatment options limited once conventional therapies have been exhausted. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing decision-making and expectations of people considering or participating in the Autologous Haematopoietic Stem Cell Treatment trial. METHODS: An international, cross-sectional qualitative study, involving semistructured face to face interviews across five sites (four UK and one Spain)...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893153/emotion-focused-perspective-on-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-qualitative-analysis-of-clients-in-session-presentations
#16
Katie O'Brien, Nora O'Keeffe, Hannah Cullen, Aoife Durcan, Ladislav Timulak, James McElvaney
OBJECTIVE: The classification of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is influenced by the tradition of conceptualizing disorders in the context of their clinical presentation and subsequent professional thinking around them. Our qualitative, descriptive-interpretative study uses a theoretical framework drawn from emotion-focused therapy (EFT) as the basis of our interpretation of GAD clients' presentation of their difficulties. METHOD: The current research consists of an investigation into the GAD presentation based on a multiple case study observational qualitative design...
September 11, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892652/oral-histories-as-critical-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment
#17
Sarah Gabriella Hernandez, Ana Genkova, Yvette Castañeda, Simone Alexander, Jennifer Hebert-Beirne
Qualitative methods such as focus groups and interviews are common methodologies employed in participatory approaches to community health assessment to develop effective community health improvement plans. Oral histories are a rarely used form of qualitative inquiry that can enhance community health assessment in multiple ways. Oral histories center residents' lived experiences, which often reveal more complex social and health phenomena than conventional qualitative inquiry. This article examines an oral history research component of the Little Village Community Health Assessment, a collaborative research effort to promote health equity in an urban, Mexican ethnic enclave...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892651/using-photo-elicitation-methods-to-understand-resilience-among-ultra-poor-youth-and-their-caregivers-in-malawi
#18
Clare Barrington, Laura Villa-Torres, Sara Abdoulayi, Maxton Grant Tsoka, Peter Matthias Mvula
Unconditional cash transfer programs are a form of structural intervention to address poverty, a "fundamental cause" of disease. Such programs increasingly aim to build resilience to sustain improved outcomes and provide a solid foundation for longer term transformations. As such, there is a need to understand what resilience means in specific contexts. The goal of this formative study was to explore local experiences of resilience and vulnerability among 11 youth-caregiver dyads ( n = 22) who were beneficiaries of the Malawi Social Cash Transfer Program in Balaka district...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891659/high-potential-but-limited-evidence-using-voice-data-from-smartphones-to-monitor-and-diagnose-mood-disorders
#19
Flora Or, John Torous, Jukka-Pekka Onnela
OBJECTIVE: This article evaluates the potential of smartphone audio data to monitor individuals recovering from mood disorders. METHOD: A comprehensive literature review was conducted based on searches in 9 bibliographic databases. RESULTS: Seven articles were identified that used smartphone audio data to monitor participants with bipolar disorder from 4 to 14 weeks. The studies captured audio data in various contexts (e.g., in-person daily conversations, phone calls) and used common audio features (e...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889167/does-simulation-based-training-increase-athletic-training-students-clinical-confidence-and-competence-in-performing-a-cardiovascular-screening
#20
Jennifer L Doherty-Restrepo, K Erin Harrelson, Tazjanne Swinnie, Alicia M Montalvo
CONTEXT: The incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes is higher than previously estimated. The need for increased screening to detect cardiac diseases in preparticipation physical examinations (PPE) has become a focus in athletic training. The use of simulation-based training in healthcare professionals' education has increased clinical confidence and competence, but research is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine if a simulation-based educational intervention can increase athletic training students' self-reported confidence and clinical competence in conducting a cardiovascular screening...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
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