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You Fu, Ryan D Burns, Nora Constantino, Peng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of an exergaming program on physical activity, motor competence, and enjoyment in preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 65 preschool children was recruited from an urban preschool located in the Western United States. Children were randomly assigned to either an exergaming (n = 36) or a free-play group (n = 29). The intervention was 30 min/day, 5 days/week for 12 weeks for both groups, and all outcome variables were measured once during the final week of the intervention...
July 10, 2018: Games for Health
Neha P Gothe, Jessica M Hayes, Cindy Temali, Jessica S Damoiseaux
Background: Yoga is a mind-body based physical activity that has demonstrated a variety of physiological, psychological and cognitive health benefits. Although yoga practice has shown to improve cognitive performance, few studies have examined the underlying neurological correlates. Objective: The current study aimed to determine the differences in gray matter volume of the hippocampus, thalamus and caudate nucleus and brain activation during the Sternberg working memory task. Method: Participants were 13 experienced yoga practitioners (mean age = 35...
2018: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
M Aymonier, A Mazzioto, L Gaigne, L Swiader, J-M Durand
INTRODUCTION: Retinal vein occlusion presents as an acute, painless and unilateral sight loss. We report two cases of retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in which the etiology was unusual. CASE REPORTS: Case 1. A 54-year-old woman without any significant past medical history presented with an acute loss of vision. Medical history taking revealed the practice of yoga with headstand posture like "Sirsana". Case 2. A 35-year-old woman presented with an acute loss of vision related to a retinal vein occlusion...
July 5, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Snehil Dixit, Kumar Gular, Faisal Asiri
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are diverse forms of rehabilitative techniques available to improve postural control in diabetic peripheral neuropathy but little is known about the efficacy of these techniques. The primary focus of this review is to find out the effectiveness of diverse rehabilitative interventions in improving postural control in type 2 induced diabetic peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: Two reviewers independently scrutinized the included studies. The selected studies underwent quality assessment by PEDro scale...
July 6, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Andrew S Perrotta, Matthew D White, Michael S Koehle, Jack E Taunton, Darren E R Warburton
Perrotta, AS, White, MD, Koehle, MS, Taunton, JE, and Warburton, DER. Efficacy of hot yoga as a heat stress technique for enhancing plasma volume and cardiovascular performance in elite female field hockey players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This investigation examined the efficacy of hot yoga as an alternative heat stress technique for enhancing plasma volume percentage (PV%) and cardiovascular performance. Ten international caliber female field hockey players completed six 60-minute hot yoga sessions using permissive dehydration over 6 days, followed by a 6-day national team camp...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Asrat G Amnie
Background: Adults with adverse childhood experiences and exposure to adverse life events experience a diverse array of physical, mental, and social health problems across their lifespan. Adult exposure to emotional trauma, physical injury, or other adverse life events may result in the development of post-traumatic stress and post-traumatic stress disorder. Understanding individuals' response to stress and their coping strategies is as important as the stimulus or the causes of the stress for effective stress management interventions...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
Raja Ram Dhungana, Mahesh Kumar Khanal, Suira Joshi, Om Prakash Kalauni, Anu Shakya, Vijay Bhrutel, Savyata Panthi, Ramesh Kumar Kc, Binod Ghimire, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Binaya Sapkota, Shiva Ram Khatiwoda, Craig Steven McLachlan, Dinesh Neupane
BACKGROUND: Hypertension control remains a major global challenge. The behavioral approaches recommended for blood pressure reduction are stress reduction, increased exercise and healthy dietary habits. Some study findings suggest that yoga has a beneficial effect in reducing blood pressure. However, the role of yoga on blood pressure has received little attention in existing health care practices in developing countries. This study will be conducted in primary health care facilities in Nepal to assess the effectiveness of a pragmatic yoga intervention to complement standard practice in further reducing blood pressure...
July 5, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Keri R Hainsworth, Xue Cheng Liu, Pippa M Simpson, Ann M Swartz, Nina Linneman, Susan T Tran, Gustavo R Medrano, Bryant Mascarenhas, Liyun Zhang, Steven J Weisman
Obesity negatively impacts the kinematics and kinetics of the lower extremities in children and adolescents. Although yoga has the potential to provide several distinct benefits for children with obesity, this is the first study to examine the benefits of yoga for gait (primary outcome) in youths with obesity. Secondary outcomes included health-related quality of life (HRQoL), physical activity, and pain. Feasibility and acceptability were also assessed. Nine youths (11⁻17 years) participated in an eight-week Iyengar yoga intervention (bi-weekly 1-h classes)...
July 4, 2018: Children
Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Alysha Walter, Brent L Hawkins, Julia L Sharp, Kathleen Woschkolup, Enrique Urrea-Mendoza, Fredy Revilla, Emilie V Adams, Arlene A Schmid
Individuals with Parkinson's Disease (PD) experience significant limitations in motor function, functional gait, postural stability, and balance. These limitations often lead to higher incidences of falls, which have significant complications for individuals with PD. Yoga may improve these functional deficits in individuals with PD. The objective of this study was to determine changes in motor function, functional gait, postural stability, and balance control for community dwelling individuals with PD. This randomized, wait-list controlled pilot study examined the influence of an 8-week yoga intervention for people with PD who met the following inclusion criteria: endorsing a fear of falling, being able to speak English, scoring 4/6 on the minimental state exam, and being willing to attend the intervention twice weekly for 8-weeks...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Padmapriya Saravanakumar, Isabel Johanna Higgins, Pamela Jane Van Der Riet, David Sibbritt
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study examined the appropriateness and acceptability of a 14-week modified tai chi and yoga program in an Australian residential aged care setting by exploring experiences and perspectives of frail older residents and staff participants. BACKGROUND: Older persons in residential aged care have limited opportunities for physical activity. Tai chi and yoga are mindfulness based exercise interventions that have been used to promote physical and psychological health of older adults in community settings...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Crystal L Park, Beth S Russell, Michael Fendrich
Alcohol and other drug (AOD) misuse is highly prevalent among young adults and creates myriad long-term problematic social, economic, and health consequences. Current treatments aimed at preventing or alleviating AOD misuse have demonstrated fairly inconsistent and weak effectiveness and, thus, are far from a complete solution. In this review, we describe the current state of AOD interventions for young adults and present an alternative emotion regulation framework for understanding AOD use/misuse. We then describe implications of this framework for interventions to promote healthier emotion regulation to successfully reduce AOD use/misuse...
June 27, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Moé Kishida, Peter C M Molenaar, Steriani Elavsky
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the role of dispositional mindfulness in impacting the relational benefits of yoga in novice practitioners in an undergraduate academic yoga course. PARTICIPANTS: 21 college students enrolled in a yoga course throughout a 15-week academic semester (January - April 2016). METHODS: Participants attended lab assessments at the beginning and end of the semester and were asked to complete eight consecutive Internet-based daily surveys across six separate bursts, yielding 48 data points for each participant...
June 28, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Victoria Goodman, Brooke Wardrope, Suzanne Myers, Shelly Cohen, Lisa McCorquodale, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is an emergent construct with implications for our understanding of approaches to engagement in human occupation. Little is known about how mindfulness is being applied and what its possibilities are in the occupation-based disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize, describe, and identify gaps in the existing literature on mindfulness in relation to human occupation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A scoping review, guided by Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework was undertaken...
June 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ticiana A A Mira, Mariana M Buen, Murilo G Borges, Daniela A Yela, Cristina L Benetti-Pinto
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in treatments for endometriosis, some symptoms persist owing to the chronic inflammation observed in this disease. OBJECTIVE: To identify resources, methods, and/or complementary treatments to alleviate the pain symptoms of endometriosis, and to identify adverse effects of treatments. SEARCH STRATEGY: Lilacs, Scielo, PEDro, Scopus, Pubmed, CENTRAL Cochrane, Science Direct, and Google Scholar were searched for studies published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish to July 31, 2017, using the terms "physical therapy" OR "complementary treatment" AND "endometriosis"...
June 26, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Meghnath Verma, Hemant Bhargav, Shivarama Varambally, Nagarathna Raghuram, Gangadhar Bn
Background Twenty one (12 females) subjects, diagnosed with schizophrenia by a psychiatrist using ICD-10, in the ages 52.87 + 9.5 years and suffering since 24.0 ± 3.05 years were recruited into the study from a schizophrenia rehabilitation center in Bengaluru. Methods All subjects were taking anti-psychotic medications and were in stable state for more than a month. Psychiatric medications were kept constant during the study period. Assessments were done at three points of time: (1) baseline, (2) after one month of usual routine (pre) and (3) after five months of validated Integrated Yoga (IY) intervention (post)...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Daniel Panchik, Sarah Masco, Patrice Zinnikas, Brooke Hillriegel, Tori Lauder, Erica Suttmann, Vernon Chinchilli, Maureen McBeth, William Hermann
BACKGROUND:  Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) affects many areas of daily living. Individuals with lymphedema may experience chronic and progressive swelling, recurrent skin infections, and decreased self-image and quality of life. For many years, it was considered best practice for this population to avoid exercise; however, in recent years, research has begun to challenge this belief. This systematic review and meta-analyses examined the recent literature on the effects of exercise for patients with, or at risk for, BCRL to inform best practice...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Jochen E Gebauer, Andreas D Nehrlich, Dagmar Stahlberg, Constantine Sedikides, Anke Hackenschmidt, Doreen Schick, Clara A Stegmaier, Cara C Windfelder, Anna Bruk, Johannes Mander
Mind-body practices enjoy immense public and scientific interest. Yoga and meditation are highly popular. Purportedly, they foster well-being by curtailing self-enhancement bias. However, this "ego-quieting" effect contradicts an apparent psychological universal, the self-centrality principle. According to this principle, practicing any skill renders that skill self-central, and self-centrality breeds self-enhancement bias. We examined those opposing predictions in the first tests of mind-body practices' self-enhancement effects...
June 1, 2018: Psychological Science
Anne Tiedemann, Sandra O'Rourke, Catherine Sherrington
Objectives and importance of study: Yoga improves balance and mobility, and therefore has potential as a fall prevention strategy, yet its validity for preventing falls has not been established. The Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) and tai chi are proven to prevent falls. This study aimed to evaluate the perceptions and preferences of older people towards a yoga-based program with potential to decrease falls, to compare these perceptions to the views expressed about the OEP and tai chi, and to identify participant characteristics associated with a preference for the yoga program...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
Patricia Hewston, Nandini Deshpande
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent in older adults (≥65 years of age) and increases fall risk. Fear of falling and low balance confidence are reported in both fallers and nonfallers and can potentially be more debilitating than a fall itself. Therefore, the objective of this scoping review was to examine and map the current research evidence of balance confidence and fear of falling in older adults with type 2 diabetes. A search of CINAHL, EMBASE and PubMed was conducted. The search included MeSH terms and the key terms diabet* AND fear OR falls AND self-efficacy OR balance confidence...
March 6, 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Rendelle E Bolton, Gemmae M Fix, Carol VanDeusen Lukas, A Rani Elwy, Barbara G Bokhour
Objectives Complementary and integrative health practices are growing in popularity, including use of movement-based therapies such as yoga, tai-chi, and qigong. Movement-based therapies are beneficial for a range of health conditions and are used more frequently by individuals with chronic illness. Yet little is known about how patients with chronic conditions characterize the health benefits of movement-based therapies. Methods We conducted focus groups with 31 patients enrolled in yoga and qigong programs for chronic conditions at two VA medical centers...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
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