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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165623/effects-of-pharmacologic-and-nonpharmacologic-interventions-on-insomnia-symptoms-and-subjective-sleep-quality-in-women-with-hot-flashes-a-pooled-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-from-4-msflash-trials
#1
Katherine A Guthrie, Joseph C Larson, Kristine E Ensrud, Garnet L Anderson, Janet S Carpenter, Ellen W Freeman, Hadine Joffe, Andrea Z LaCroix, JoAnn E Manson, Charles M Morin, Katherine M Newton, Julie Otte, Susan D Reed, Susan M McCurry
Study Objectives: The Menopause Strategies: Finding Lasting Answers for Symptoms and Health network conducted three randomized clinical trials (RCT) testing six interventions treating vasomotor symptoms (VMS), and also collected self-reported sleep outcomes. A fourth RCT assessed an intervention for insomnia symptoms among women with VMS. We describe these seven interventions' effects relative to control in women with comparably severe insomnia symptoms and VMS. Methods: We analyzed pooled individual-level data from 546 peri- and postmenopausal women with Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) >12, and ≥14 bothersome VMS/week across the four RCTs...
November 20, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163870/transdiagnostic-culturally-adapted-cbt-with-farsi-speaking-refugees-a-pilot-study
#2
Schahryar Kananian, Sarah Ayoughi, Arieja Farugie, Devon Hinton, Ulrich Stangier
Background: Approximately half of all asylum seekers suffer from trauma-related disorders requiring treatment, among them Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and somatic symptoms. There is a lack of easily accessible, low-threshold treatments taking the cultural background into account. Culturally Adapted CBT (CA CBT) is a well evaluated, transdiagnostic group intervention for refugees, using psychoeducation, meditation, and Yoga-like exercises. Objective: An uncontrolled pilot study with male Farsi-speaking refugees from Afghanistan and Iran was conducted to investigate feasibility with this ethnic group; a group for which no previous CBT trials have been reported...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160551/effects-of-pilates-and-yoga-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-sonographic-study
#3
Naime Uluğ, Öznur Tunca Yılmaz, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar
BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown the efficacy of conventional isometric, Pilates and yoga exercises. However, data on the effects and comparison of these specific exercises on the cervical muscle morphology are insufficient or lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different exercise treatments on neck muscles in patients with chronic neck pain. DESIGN: A randomized study. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with chronic neck pain were randomized into 3 groups as follows: Pilates group (n = 20), yoga group (n = 18) and isometric group (n = 18)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159176/effect-of-alternate-nostril-breathing-exercise-on-experimentally-induced-anxiety-in-healthy-volunteers-using-the-simulated-public-speaking-model-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#4
Ashwin Kamath, Rathnakar P Urval, Ashok K Shenoy
A randomized controlled pilot study was carried out to determine the effect of a 15-minute practice of ANB exercise on experimentally induced anxiety using the simulated public speaking model in yoga-naïve healthy young adults. Thirty consenting medical students were equally divided into test and control groups. The test group performed alternate nostril breathing exercise for 15 minutes, while the control group sat in a quiet room before participating in the simulated public speaking test (SPST). Visual Analog Mood Scale and Self-Statements during Public Speaking scale were used to measure the mood state at different phases of the SPST...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157839/lifestyles-guide-and-glaucoma-i-sports-and-activities
#5
J Moreno-Montañés, A Antón-López, S Duch-Tuesta, P Corsino Fernández-Vila, J García-Feijoó, E Millá-Griñó, F J Muñoz-Negrete, L Pablo-Júlvez, I Rodríguez-Agirretxe, J L Urcelay-Segura, F Ussa-Herrera, M P Villegas-Pérez
PURPOSES: The increase in quality and life expectancy, often leads to many patients asking the glaucoma specialist whether some sports, activities or hobbies would affect their illness. The aim of this article is to establish guidelines for patients, based on the scientific evidence of published papers. METHODS: Review of all published articles on glaucoma and sports or other activities. The papers were classified according to the level of scientific evidence based on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine classification...
November 17, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154068/yoga-s-effect-on-falls-in-rural-older-adults
#6
Irene Hamrick, Paul Mross, Nate Christopher, Paul D Smith
BACKGROUND: Unintentional falls affect 30% of people over age 65 years. Yoga has been shown to improve balance. We designed this study to examine if yoga reduces falls. METHODS: We conducted 16 sessions of Hatha yoga over 8 weeks. Participants were randomly assigned to practice 10min of yoga daily at home in addition to 5-min relaxation exercises or relaxation exercises only (control group). RESULTS: Of the 38 participants completing the intervention, 15 participants reported a total of 27 falls in the 6-months before the study, compared to 13 participants sustaining 14 falls in the 6 months from the start of the study (p<0...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154056/a-single-session-of-hatha-yoga-improves-stress-reactivity-and-recovery-after-an-acute-psychological-stress-task-a-counterbalanced-randomized-crossover-trial-in-healthy-individuals
#7
Mateus J Benvenutti, Eduardo da Sliva Alves, Scott Michael, Ding Ding, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Kate M Edwards
OBJECTIVES: Yoga is promoted as an anti-stress activity, however, little is known about the mechanisms through which it acts. The present study investigated the acute effects of a hatha yoga session, displayed on a video, on the response to and recovery from an acute psychological stressor. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy young adults took part in a counterbalanced, randomized-crossover trial, with a yoga and a control condition (watching TV). Participants attended the laboratory in the afternoon on two days and each session comprised a baseline, control or yoga task, stress task and recovery...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147459/erratum-to-impact-of-yoga-and-meditation-on-cellular-aging-in-apparently-healthy-individuals-a-prospective-open-label-single-arm-exploratory-study
#8
Madhuri Tolahunase, Rajesh Sagar, Rima Dada
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/7928981.].
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146489/exploring-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-using-evidence-based-drugs-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-findings-from-a-multistakeholder-qualitative-analysis
#9
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#10
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140485/growth-of-integrative-medicine-at-leading-cancer-centers-between-2009-and-2016-a-systematic-analysis-of-nci-designated-comprehensive-cancer-center-websites
#11
Hyeongjun Yun, Lingyun Sun, Jun J Mao
Background: Cancer centers have increasingly offered integrative medicine therapies in response to their patients' unmet needs. We evaluated the growth of integrative medicine in leading academic cancer centers in the United States as reflected by their public-facing websites. Methods: We performed a systematic review of 45 National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated comprehensive cancer center websites. Two researchers independently evaluated whether the websites provided information regarding integrative medicine modalities and, if so, whether the services were provided in the same health system...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135457/toward-an-explanatory-framework-for-yoga-therapy-informed-by-philosophical-and-ethical-perspectives
#12
Marlysa B Sullivan, Steffany Moonaz, Kristine Weber, Jessica Noggle Taylor, Laura Schmalzl
Context • Yoga Therapy is an emerging complementary and integrative health practice for which there is increasing interest from both clinical and research perspectives. Currently missing, however, is an explanatory framework for the profession that provides practitioners, clients, and the public with an understanding of how various yogic traditions and principles can be understood in modern health care contexts. Objective • This study proposes an explanatory framework for yoga therapy, informed by phenomenology, eudaimonia, virtue ethics, and first-person ethical inquiry...
November 14, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131739/yoga-as-sanctuary-a-valuable-mind-body-intervention-for-the-lesbian-community
#14
Karen Myers
Poetic autoethnography provides a research methodology to explore yoga as a mind-body intervention that creates sanctuary. Using this qualitative method and retrieving data from my personal journals, daily workout journals, experiences as a lesbian-identified participant in yoga classes, and yoga instructor, I turn the research lens on myself in order to examine my sociological life story. At a critical time in my life when I was struggling with the fragmentation, anxiety, and despair resulting from dealing with homophobia in a heteronormative world, yoga provided sanctuary for me...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131738/experiences-of-women-who-participated-in-a-beta-test-for-an-online-streamed-yoga-intervention-after-a-stillbirth
#15
Jennifer L Huberty, Jeni Matthews, Jenn Leiferman, Joanne Cacciatore
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how to best care for mothers after stillbirth. As such, this paper will report the satisfaction and perceptions of an online yoga intervention (12-week beta test) in women after stillbirth. METHODS: Participants (n=74) had a stillbirth within the last 24-months (M time since loss 9.65 ± 6.9 months). Post-intervention satisfaction surveys and interviews and dropout surveys were conducted. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze survey responses and demographic information...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131737/the-use-of-yoga-by-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#16
Mary E Wims, Shayla M McIntyre, Ann York, Laura G Covill
How physical therapists (PTs) in the United States currently use yoga in their clinical practices is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how PTs in the United States view yoga as a physical therapy (PT) tool and how PTs use yoga therapeutically. The authors conducted a 24-item survey via electronic communications of the Geriatric, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Women's Health Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association. Participants (n = 333) from 47 states and the District of Columbia replied...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131736/interpretive-phenomenological-analysis-of-a-lawsuit-contending-that-school-based-yoga-is-religion-a-study-of-school-personnel
#17
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Erga Lemish, Wendy Guyker
This study focused on the perspectives of school personnel affiliated with the Encinitas Union School District in California following a lawsuit arguing that their yoga-based program included religion and therefore was unsuitable for implementation in public schools and was unconstitutional. Participants (N = 32) were interviewed using a semistructured interview, and data were analyzed according to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Five super-ordinate themes (including sub-themes) were identified in an iterative process, including: participants' perspectives on the roots of yoga and the type of yoga taught in their district; the process of introducing a yoga-in-the-schools program in light of this contention (including challenges and obstacles, and how these were met); perspectives on the lawsuit and how the process unfolded; effects of the lawsuit on school climate and beyond; and perspectives on yoga as, and as not, religious...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131735/implementation-of-yoga-therapy-into-u-s-healthcare-systems
#18
Matthew J Taylor, Timothy McCall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131734/yoga-therapy-in-japan
#19
Keishin Kimura
This perspective piece gives an overview of the current situation of yoga therapy in Japan today. Traditional yoga in Japan suffered a serious setback in 1995 with a nerve gas terrorist attack on the Tokyo subway, which was carried out by a cult that recruited members through yoga classes. But with the increase in popularity with modern forms of yoga such as Iyengar yoga, Ashtanga yoga and hot yoga in the West, the general public in Japan today is forgetting its aversion to yoga and considers it to be something that can contribute to good health...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131733/the-importance-of-research-literacy-for-yoga-therapists
#20
Steffany Moonaz, Pamela Jeter, Laura Schmalzl
Evidence-Informed Practice (EIP) utilizes the three components of expert opinion, research evidence, and client values. It is a recommended training competency for integrative health practitioners in diverse fields, such as acupuncture and massage therapy. Research Literacy (RL) is a necessary pre-requisite to EIP. Many yoga therapists have limited training in these skills, which negatively impacts inter-professional communication and collaboration, as well as further advancement of yoga therapy research and practice...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
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