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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866088/is-ketogenic-diet-treatment-hepatotoxic-for-children-with-intractable-epilepsy
#2
Nur Arslan, Orkide Guzel, Engin Kose, Unsal Yılmaz, Pınar Kuyum, Betül Aksoy, Tansel Çalık
PURPOSE: Long-term ketogenic diet (KD) treatment has been shown to induce liver steatosis and gallstone formation in some in vivo and clinical studies. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the hepatic side effects of KD in epileptic children. METHOD: A total of 141 patients (mean age: 7.1±4.1years [2-18 years], 45.4% girls), receiving KD at least one year for intractable epilepsy due to different diagnoses (congenital brain defects, GLUT-1 deficiency, West syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, hypoxic brain injury, etc...
November 13, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541710/gallstones-in-childhood-etiology-clinical-features-and-prognosis
#3
Filiz Serdaroglu, Yavuz S Koca, Fatma Saltik, Tugba Koca, Selim Dereci, Mustafa Akcam, Fusun Z Akcam
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine demographic and clinical features in children diagnosed with gallstones, risk factors for gallstone formation, the effectiveness of ursodeoxycholic acid therapy, and the course of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged 0-18 years were followed up for at least 6 months after the diagnosis of gallstones with ultrasonography and were evaluated retrospectively. Patients were evaluated with respect to age, sex, presenting symptoms, BMI, facilitating factors, accompanying diseases, family history of gallstones, history of ceftriaxone use, laboratory tests, ultrasonography findings and follow-up, and therapeutic approaches and results...
August 18, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535145/incidence-and-clinical-associations-of-childhood-acute-pancreatitis
#4
Abdalmonem A Majbar, Eleri Cusick, Paul Johnson, Richard M Lynn, Linda P Hunt, Julian P H Shield
OBJECTIVES: To establish the UK incidence and clinical associations of acute pancreatitis (AP) in children aged 0 to 14 years. METHODS: Monthly surveillance of new cases of AP in children under 15 years of age through the British Pediatric Surveillance Unit conducted from April 2013 to April 2014 (inclusive) followed by 1-year administrative follow-up for all valid cases. RESULTS: Ninety-four cases (48 boys) fulfilled the diagnostic criteria...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529029/overview-of-point-of-care-abdominal-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#5
REVIEW
Toru Kameda, Nobuyuki Taniguchi
Point-of-care abdominal ultrasound (US), which is performed by clinicians at bedside, is increasingly being used to evaluate clinical manifestations, to facilitate accurate diagnoses, and to assist procedures in emergency and critical care. Methods for the assessment of acute abdominal pain with point-of-care US must be developed according to accumulated evidence in each abdominal region. To detect hemoperitoneum, the methodology of a focused assessment with sonography for a trauma examination may also be an option in non-trauma patients...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520652/utility-of-octreotide-in-advancing-enteral-feeds-in-children-with-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction
#6
Lusine Ambartsumyan, Alejandro Flores, Samuel Nurko, Leonel Rodriguez
OBJECTIVES: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a challenging disorder with high morbidity and mortality due to limited effective therapies that improve enteral tolerance. We aimed to present our experience using octreotide in children with CIPO and evaluate factors predicting therapy response. METHODS: The study population included total parenteral nutrition (TPN)-dependent children with CIPO receiving octreotide at a tertiary care center. Octreotide response was defined as an enteral feeding increase of ≥10 cc/kg/day...
October 2016: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494370/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-a-2-year-old-male-child-with-choleilithiasis-and-recurrent-right-hypochondrial-pain-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Sanjeev K Chhabra, Zeeshan Ahmed, Ashish Massey, Shanoo Agarwal, Vikesh Vij, Bharat Agarwal, Jeevan Kankaria, Raj K Jenaw
INTRODUCTION: Gallstone disease has been considered an uncommon entity in children and infants, but its incidence is reportedly increasing which may be attributed to widespread use of diagnostic imaging (ultrasonography). PRESENTATION OF CASE: An apparently healthy 2 year old male child presented to our Outpatient department with chief complaint of recurrent abdominal pain. The episodes of pain were acute in onset and associated with vomiting. As per the complete examination and findings, a diagnosis of chronic calculous cholecystitis was made...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472474/biliary-dyskinesia-in-children-a-systematic-review
#8
Neha Santucci, Sunny Z Hussain, Carroll M Harmon, Julie H Schiavo, Paul E Hyman
OBJECTIVES: Cholecystectomy rates for biliary dyskinesia in children are rising in the United States, but not in other countries. Biliary dyskinesia is a validated functional gallbladder disorder in adults, requiring biliary colic in the diagnosis. In contrast, most studies in children require upper abdominal pain, absent gallstones on ultrasound and an abnormal gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF) on cholecystokinin-stimulated cholescintigraphy for diagnosis. We aimed to systematically review existing literature in biliary dyskinesia in children, determine the validity and reliability of diagnostic criteria, GBEF, and to assess outcomes following cholecystectomy...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322515/cholelithiasis-in-children-with-chd-is-it-a-problem
#9
Simon Kargl, Roland Gitter, Wolfgang Pumberger
BACKGROUND: An association of heart disease and its treatment with biliary calculi is popularly accepted. We sought determine the prevalence and risk factors of paediatric gallstone disease in the presence of CHD and analyse the treatment options. We evaluated the role of open-heart surgery in the development of gallstones in patients with CHD. Patients and methods In a 10-year, retrospective, chart review (2005-2014), patients with CHD and cholelithiasis were identified and reviewed...
June 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236017/risk-factors-complications-and-outcome-of-cholelithiasis-in-children-a-retrospective-single-centre-review
#10
Ceyda Tuna Kirsaclioglu, Bahar Çuhacı Çakır, Gulsah Bayram, Fatih Akbıyık, Pamir Işık, Bahattin Tunç
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical presentation, risk factors, complications, treatment and outcomes of cholelithiasis in children. METHODS: Children with cholelithiasis were reviewed for demographic information, predisposing factors, presenting symptoms, laboratory findings, complications, treatment and outcome, retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 254 children with cholelithiasis (mean age: 8.9 ± 5.2 years) were recruited to the study...
May 28, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890298/neonatal-gallstones-serendipitously-discovered-by-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#11
Jennifer Damman, Stephanie J Doniger, Nisa Atigapramoj
Cholelithiasis in children was once thought to be uncommon, but the prevalence has increased in recent years. We present a case of a 3-month-old infant brought to the pediatric emergency department for vomiting and increased fussiness. A point-of-care ultrasound was performed to rule out pyloric stenosis but revealed multiple stones within the gallbladder. Ultrasound findings and a review of technique for ultrasound of the gallbladder are presented.
February 15, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26713832/biliary-lithiasis-with-choledocolithiasis-in-children
#12
R N Bălănescu, L Bălănescu, G Drăgan, A Moga, R Caragaţă
Although biliary lithiasis has been considered a less common pathology in the pediatric population than in adults, in recent years, it has increasingly been diagnosed in children, with a prevalence of between 0.13 to 0.22. The elective treatment of symptomatic biliary lithiasis is cholecystectomy, the laparoscopic approach being considered the œgold standard. We present 3 cases referred to our clinic with biliary lithiasis, in which we performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We performed intraoperative cholangiography with a 4 Fr transcystic catheter...
November 2015: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26640715/acalculous-acute-cholecystitis-in-previously-healthy-children-general-overview-and-analysis-of-pediatric-infectious-cases
#13
REVIEW
Dimitri Poddighe, Matteo Tresoldi, Amelia Licari, Gian Luigi Marseglia
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is an inflammation of the gallbladder, which does not appear to be associated with the presence of gallstones. AAC is estimated to represent more than 50% of cases of acute cholecystitis in the pediatric population. Although this pathology was initially described in critically ill patients, actually most pediatric cases have been observed during several infectious diseases. Particularly, here we reviewed pediatric infectious acute acalculous cholecystitis and analyzed the pathophysiological and clinical aspects of bacterial and viral forms...
2015: International Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26588588/a-prospective-study-of-the-modified-atkins-diet-for-adults-with-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy
#14
Magnhild Kverneland, Kaja K Selmer, Karl O Nakken, Per O Iversen, Erik Taubøll
For children with pharmacoresistant epilepsy, the ketogenic diet is an established treatment option worldwide. However, for adults, this treatment is less frequently offered, and its efficacy less well-documented. The aim of this study was to examine efficacy and tolerability of such a diet as an adjuvant therapy to antiepileptic drugs for adult patients with pharmacoresistant generalized epilepsy. Thirteen patients (12 women) aged 16-57 years were included prospectively. They were treated with a modified Atkins diet for 12 weeks...
December 2015: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585944/epidemiological-study-of-gallbladder-cancer-patients-from-north-indian-gangetic-planes-a-high-volume-centre-s-experience
#15
Sameer Gupta, Channabasappa Kori, Vijay Kumar, Sanjeev Misra, Naseem Akhtar
PURPOSE: Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is characterized by a dismal prognosis owing to the paucity of early signs and symptoms. North India reports high incidence of GBC possibly due to environmental, dietary and reproductive factors. Understanding the epidemiology of gallbladder cancer has and will continue to provide valuable insights into determining causes and risk factors for gallbladder cancer. METHODS: Prospective study of gallbladder carcinoma patients, presenting in our department, was undertaken over three year period to evaluate the epidemiological profile of gallbladder carcinoma patients from our region...
March 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26201622/epidemiology-of-a-fast-emerging-disease-in-the-asia-pacific-region-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
Chan Wah-Kheong, Goh Khean-Lee
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is rapidly increasing in the Asia-Pacific and affects up to 30 % of the general population. In younger children, prevalence has been reported to be between 2.1 and 4.5 %. The prevalence of NAFLD increases with increasing age. NAFLD is more prevalent in men than women, but this trend fades in older age group. NAFLD is one of the most common causes of raised serum ALT levels and the latter is closely related to the presence of features of metabolic syndrome. NAFLD may contribute to metabolic syndrome in a similar way as visceral adiposity and can be an early predictor of metabolic disorders...
March 2013: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26166109/ultrasonographic-gallbladder-abnormality-of-primary-epstein-barr-virus-infection-in-children-and-its-influence-on-clinical-outcome
#17
Dae Yong Yi, Ji Young Kim, Hye Ran Yang
The incidence of pediatric acute inflammatory gallbladder (GB) disease without gallstone such as acute acalculous cholecystitis has increased with the development of improved diagnostic modalities. Although Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is common in general population, only few cases of GB diseases caused by EBV infection have been reported. This study analyzed ultrasonographic characteristics of primary EBV infection in children and evaluated the influence of EBV-associated GB disease on clinical course and outcome of EBV infection...
July 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26146896/genetic-link-with-cholelithiasis-among-pediatric-sca-tunisian-patients-examples-of-ugt1a1-slco1a2-and-slco1b1
#18
Leila Chaouch, Miniar Kalai1, Imen Darragi, Imen Boudrigua, Dorra Chaouachi, Slim Ben Ammar, F Mellouli, M Bjaoui, Salem Abbes
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Hyperbilirubinemia is often observed in chronic hemolysis and results in the formation of pigment cholelithiasis that could be increased by the presence of defected enzymes involved in the bilirubin metabolism. Indeed, this is the first report that interested in the study of polymorphisms in genes encoded for enzymes involved in the bilirubin metabolism: rs 4149056 of SLCO1B1 and rs4149000 of SLCO1A2 in combination with rs8175347 and rs887829 of UGT1A1 in order to find a correlation between the polymorphisms studied and the presence of gallstones in a population of sickle cell anemia (SCA) pediatric Tunisians...
March 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26122832/relation-of-cholesterol-metabolism-to-pediatric-gallstone-disease-a-retrospective-controlled-study
#19
Antti Koivusalo, Mikko Pakarinen, Helena Gylling, Markku J Nissinen
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol metabolism may be involved in pediatric gallstone disease. We aimed to reveal cholesterol metabolites and phytosterols and their relation to stone composition of sterols in children having black pigment and cholesterol stones. METHODS: We performed retrospective controlled clinical study, in which we examined parameters of cholesterol metabolism and liver function values in serum (n = 28) and gallstones (n = 46) of consecutively cholecystectomized children...
2015: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26109240/implications-of-radiologic-pathologic-correlation-for-gallbladder-disease-in-children-and-young-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#20
Heather I Gale, Bindu N Setty, Philippa G Sprinz, Gheorghe Doros, Don D Williams, Trevor C Morrison, Tyler A Kalajian, Powen Tu, Shankar N Mundluru, Manisha N Mehta, Ilse Castro-Aragon
The purpose of this study is to describe gallbladder imaging findings in patients with sickle cell disease, and to determine how they correspond with occurrence of complications, need for cholecystectomy, and surgical pathology. This study is IRB approved and HIPAA compliant. Informed consent requirements were waived. We reviewed records of 77 children with sickle cell disease ages 0-18 years at the time of their first gallbladder imaging study. Demographics, hospital courses, and radiologic and pathologic reports were collected...
October 2015: Emergency Radiology
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