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Computer psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729233/dynamo-a-modular-platform-for-monitoring-process-outcome-and-algorithm-based-treatment-planning-in-psychotherapy
#1
Tim Kaiser, Anton Rupert Laireiter
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the assessment of mental disorders has become more and more personalized. Modern advancements such as Internet-enabled mobile phones and increased computing capacity make it possible to tap sources of information that have long been unavailable to mental health practitioners. OBJECTIVE: Software packages that combine algorithm-based treatment planning, process monitoring, and outcome monitoring are scarce. The objective of this study was to assess whether the DynAMo Web application can fill this gap by providing a software solution that can be used by both researchers to conduct state-of-the-art psychotherapy process research and clinicians to plan treatments and monitor psychotherapeutic processes...
July 20, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631679/-the-comparative-assessment-of-the-vocal-function-in-the-professional-voice-users-and-non-occupational-voice-users-in-the-late-adulthood
#2
O G Pavlikhin, S G Romanenko, D I Krasnikova, E V Lesogorova, V S Yakovlev
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and functional condition of the voice apparatus in the elderly patients and to elaborate recommendations for the prevention of disturbances of the vocal function in the professional voice users. This comprehensive study involved 95 patients including the active professional voice users (n=48) and 45 non-occupational voice users at the age from 61 to 82 years with the employment history varying from 32 to 51 years. The study was designed to obtain the voice characteristics by means of the subjective auditory assessment, microlaryngoscopy, video laryngostroboscopy, determination of maximum phonation time (MPT), and computer-assisted acoustic analysis of the voice with the use of the MDVP Kay Pentaxy system...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628385/serious-games-for-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#3
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott
INTRODUCTION: In the evolving digital age, media applications are increasingly playing a greater role in the field of psychotherapy. While the Internet is already in the phase of being established when it comes to the care of mental disorders, experimentation is going on with other modern media such as serious games. A serious game is a game in which education and behavior change is the goal, alongside with entertainment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present article was to provide a first empirical overview of serious games applied to psychotherapy and psychosomatic rehabilitation...
June 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577223/correspondence-between-negative-symptoms-and-potential-sources-of-secondary-negative-symptoms-over-time
#4
Aida Farreny, Mark Savill, Stefan Priebe
There has been a debate in the literature about the distinction between primary and secondary negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Our aim was to study the associations between negative symptoms and potential sources of secondary negative symptoms over time. A sample of 275 participants with at least mid-moderate negative symptoms was randomized into body psychotherapy or Pilates class in a previous study. No significant differences were found between groups over time and changes in the symptom domains were modest...
June 2, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493518/on-the-relationships-between-dsm-5-dysfunctional-personality-traits-and-social-cognition-deficits-a-study-in-a-sample-of-consecutively-admitted-italian-psychotherapy-patients
#5
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Robert F Krueger, Kristian E Markon, Serena Borroni
This study aims at testing the hypothesis that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition (DSM-5) alternative model of personality disorder (AMPD) traits may be significantly associated with deficits on 2 different social cognition tasks, namely, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test and the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition, in a sample of consecutively admitted inpatients and outpatients. The sample was composed of 181 consecutively admitted participants (57.5% women; mean age = 38...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484401/psychotherapy-is-chaotic-not-only-in-a-computational-world
#6
Günter K Schiepek, Kathrin Viol, Wolfgang Aichhorn, Marc-Thorsten Hütt, Katharina Sungler, David Pincus, Helmut J Schöller
Objective: The aim of this article is to outline the role of chaotic dynamics in psychotherapy. Besides some empirical findings of chaos at different time scales, the focus is on theoretical modeling of change processes explaining and simulating chaotic dynamics. It will be illustrated how some common factors of psychotherapeutic change and psychological hypotheses on motivation, emotion regulation, and information processing of the client's functioning can be integrated into a comprehensive nonlinear model of human change processes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426287/pregnancy-and-the-acceptability-of-computer-based-versus-traditional-mental-health-treatments
#7
Liisa Hantsoo, Jessica Podcasy, Mary Sammel, Cynthia Neill Epperson, Deborah R Kim
BACKGROUND: Recent recommendations urge increased depression screening in pregnant and postpartum women, potentially increasing demand for treatment. Computer-based psychotherapy treatments may address some of perinatal women's unique mental health treatment needs and barriers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a quantitative survey of pregnant women (≥12 weeks of gestation) on preferences regarding computer-based therapies compared with traditional therapies (psychotherapy and medication)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333513/feedback-in-group-psychotherapy-for-eating-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen, Stig Poulsen, Jane Lindschou, Per Winkel, Marjun Frígerð Tróndarson, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Lau
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of client feedback in group psychotherapy on attendance and treatment outcome for patients with eating disorders. METHOD: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with central randomization stratified for diagnosis and treatment type according to a computer-generated allocation sequence concealed to the investigators. One-hundred and 59 adult participants, diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or eating disorder not otherwise specified according to DSM-IV, were included...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287774/evaluation-of-a-shared-decision-making-intervention-on-the-utilization-of-evidence-based-psychotherapy-in-a-va-outpatient-ptsd-clinic
#9
Jonathan D Hessinger, Melissa J London, Sheila M Baer
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has continued to emphasize the availability, access, and utilization of high quality mental health care particularly in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While dissemination and availability of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) have only increased, treatment engagement and utilization have continued to be oft-noted challenges. Administrators, researchers, and individual clinicians have continued to develop and explore novel systemic and individualized interventions to address these issues...
March 13, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277038/has-growth-mixture-modeling-improved-our-understanding-of-how-early-change-predicts-psychotherapy-outcome
#10
Andrew Koffmann
OBJECTIVE: Early change in psychotherapy predicts outcome. Seven studies have used growth mixture modeling [GMM; Muthén, B. (2001). Second-generation structural equation modeling with a combination of categorical and continuous latent variables: New opportunities for latent class-latent growth modeling. In L. M. Collins & A. G. Sawyers (Eds.), New methods for the analysis of change (pp. 291-322). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association] to identify patient classes based on early change but have yielded conflicting results...
March 2, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268363/classification-of-facial-emotion-expression-in-the-application-of-psychotherapy-using-viola-jones-and-edge-histogram-of-oriented-gradient
#11
Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su
Psychotherapy requires appropriate recognition of patient's facial-emotion expression to provide proper treatment in psychotherapy session. To address the needs this paper proposed a facial emotion recognition system using Combination of Viola-Jones detector together with a feature descriptor we term Edge-Histogram of Oriented Gradients (E-HOG). The performance of the proposed method is compared with various feature sources including the face, the eyes, the mouth, as well as both the eyes and the mouth. Seven classes of basic emotions have been successfully identified with 96...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226526/classification-of-facial-emotion-expression-in-the-application-of-psychotherapy-using-viola-jones-and-edge-histogram-of-oriented-gradient
#12
Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su, Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Henry Candra, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su
Psychotherapy requires appropriate recognition of patient's facial-emotion expression to provide proper treatment in psychotherapy session. To address the needs this paper proposed a facial emotion recognition system using Combination of Viola-Jones detector together with a feature descriptor we term Edge-Histogram of Oriented Gradients (E-HOG). The performance of the proposed method is compared with various feature sources including the face, the eyes, the mouth, as well as both the eyes and the mouth. Seven classes of basic emotions have been successfully identified with 96...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183083/maximizing-psychotherapy-outcome-beyond-evidence-based-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Michael J Lambert
Despite evidence that psychotherapy has a positive impact on psychological disorders, 30% of patients fail to respond during clinical trials, and as many as 65% of patients in routine care leave treatment without a measured benefit. In addition, therapists appear to overestimate positive outcomes in their patients relative to measured outcomes and are particularly poor at identifying patients at risk for a negative outcome. These problems suggest the need for measuring and monitoring patient treatment response over the course of treatment while applying standardized methods of identifying at-risk cases...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049220/-computer-based-therapies-a-supplement-in-modern-psychotherapy-contra
#14
Moritz E Wigand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049219/-computer-based-therapies-a-supplement-in-modern-psychotherapy-pro
#15
Steffi G Riedel-Heller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026879/corrective-experiences-of-psychotherapists-in-training
#16
Kathrin Moertl, Himanshu Giri, Lynne Angus, Michael J Constantino
Although the concept of corrective experiences (CEs) is usually linked to the process of change in psychotherapy patients, we investigated them in the professional development of therapists-in-training. Inasmuch as psychotherapy is a relational process, it is important to look closely at how therapists reach the position of a competent partner in corrective experiencing. In this study, we interviewed 10 therapists-in-training undergoing their own training therapy. Responses to these semistructured interviews were analyzed using a computer-assisted grounded theory method...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977847/the-social-present-the-duration-of-the-shared-now-in-dyads-is-linked-with-personality
#17
Wolfgang Tschacher, Fabian Ramseyer, Sander L Koole
OBJECTIVE: The social present is a novel descriptor of dyadic nowness and social sharing, extending research on individual nowness (James' specious present) to the interpersonal and intersubjective domain. We wished to connect this descriptor to personality attributes. METHOD: We define the social present by the duration of significant nonverbal synchrony, based on the phenomenon of movement synchrony that generally emerges in social interactions. It is thus an implicit and objective measure that can be implemented by automated video analyses...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938524/how-to-modify-psychopathological-states-hypotheses-based-on-complex-systems-theory
#18
Hermann Haken, Wolfgang Tschacher
In mathematical analysis based on the assumptions of complexity science, the emergence of a pattern is the result of a competition of modes, which each have a parameter value attached. In the context of visual pattern recognition, a specific connectionist system (the synergetic computer SC) was developed, which was derived from the assumptions of synergetics, a theory of complex systems. We adapted the processes of visual pattern recognition performed by the SC to a different context, psychopathology and therapeutic interventions, assuming these scenarios are analogous...
January 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#19
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603763/cognitive-rehabilitation-for-military-service-members-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Douglas B Cooper, Amy O Bowles, Jan E Kennedy, Glenn Curtiss, Louis M French, David F Tate, Rodney D Vanderploeg
OBJECTIVE: To compare cognitive rehabilitation (CR) interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with standard of care management, including psychoeducation and medical care for noncognitive symptoms. SETTING: Military medical center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 126 service members who received mTBI from 3 to 24 months before baseline evaluation and reported ongoing cognitive difficulties. INTERVENTIONS: Randomized clinical trial with treatment outcomes assessed at baseline, 3-week, 6-week, 12-week, and 18-week follow-ups...
May 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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