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Computer psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287774/evaluation-of-a-shared-decision-making-intervention-on-the-utilization-of-evidence-based-psychotherapy-in-a-va-outpatient-ptsd-clinic
#1
Jonathan D Hessinger, Melissa J London, Sheila M Baer
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has continued to emphasize the availability, access, and utilization of high quality mental health care particularly in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While dissemination and availability of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) have only increased, treatment engagement and utilization have continued to be oft-noted challenges. Administrators, researchers, and individual clinicians have continued to develop and explore novel systemic and individualized interventions to address these issues...
March 13, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277038/has-growth-mixture-modeling-improved-our-understanding-of-how-early-change-predicts-psychotherapy-outcome
#2
Andrew Koffmann
OBJECTIVE: Early change in psychotherapy predicts outcome. Seven studies have used growth mixture modeling [GMM; Muthén, B. (2001). Second-generation structural equation modeling with a combination of categorical and continuous latent variables: New opportunities for latent class-latent growth modeling. In L. M. Collins & A. G. Sawyers (Eds.), New methods for the analysis of change (pp. 291-322). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association] to identify patient classes based on early change but have yielded conflicting results...
March 2, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268363/classification-of-facial-emotion-expression-in-the-application-of-psychotherapy-using-viola-jones-and-edge-histogram-of-oriented-gradient
#3
Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su
Psychotherapy requires appropriate recognition of patient's facial-emotion expression to provide proper treatment in psychotherapy session. To address the needs this paper proposed a facial emotion recognition system using Combination of Viola-Jones detector together with a feature descriptor we term Edge-Histogram of Oriented Gradients (E-HOG). The performance of the proposed method is compared with various feature sources including the face, the eyes, the mouth, as well as both the eyes and the mouth. Seven classes of basic emotions have been successfully identified with 96...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226526/classification-of-facial-emotion-expression-in-the-application-of-psychotherapy-using-viola-jones-and-edge-histogram-of-oriented-gradient
#4
Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su, Henry Candra, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su, Mitchell Yuwono, Rifai Chai, Henry Candra, Hung T Nguyen, Steven Su
Psychotherapy requires appropriate recognition of patient's facial-emotion expression to provide proper treatment in psychotherapy session. To address the needs this paper proposed a facial emotion recognition system using Combination of Viola-Jones detector together with a feature descriptor we term Edge-Histogram of Oriented Gradients (E-HOG). The performance of the proposed method is compared with various feature sources including the face, the eyes, the mouth, as well as both the eyes and the mouth. Seven classes of basic emotions have been successfully identified with 96...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183083/maximizing-psychotherapy-outcome-beyond-evidence-based-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Michael J Lambert
Despite evidence that psychotherapy has a positive impact on psychological disorders, 30% of patients fail to respond during clinical trials, and as many as 65% of patients in routine care leave treatment without a measured benefit. In addition, therapists appear to overestimate positive outcomes in their patients relative to measured outcomes and are particularly poor at identifying patients at risk for a negative outcome. These problems suggest the need for measuring and monitoring patient treatment response over the course of treatment while applying standardized methods of identifying at-risk cases...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049220/-computer-based-therapies-a-supplement-in-modern-psychotherapy-contra
#6
Moritz E Wigand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049219/-computer-based-therapies-a-supplement-in-modern-psychotherapy-pro
#7
Steffi G Riedel-Heller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026879/corrective-experiences-of-psychotherapists-in-training
#8
Kathrin Moertl, Himanshu Giri, Lynne Angus, Michael J Constantino
Although the concept of corrective experiences (CEs) is usually linked to the process of change in psychotherapy patients, we investigated them in the professional development of therapists-in-training. Inasmuch as psychotherapy is a relational process, it is important to look closely at how therapists reach the position of a competent partner in corrective experiencing. In this study, we interviewed 10 therapists-in-training undergoing their own training therapy. Responses to these semistructured interviews were analyzed using a computer-assisted grounded theory method...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977847/the-social-present-the-duration-of-the-shared-now-in-dyads-is-linked-with-personality
#9
Wolfgang Tschacher, Fabian Ramseyer, Sander L Koole
OBJECTIVE: The social present is a novel descriptor of dyadic nowness and social sharing, extending research on individual nowness (James' specious present) to the interpersonal and intersubjective domain. We wished to connect this descriptor to personality attributes. METHOD: We define the social present by the duration of significant nonverbal synchrony, based on the phenomenon of movement synchrony that generally emerges in social interactions. It is thus an implicit and objective measure that can be implemented by automated video analyses...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938524/how-to-modify-psychopathological-states-hypotheses-based-on-complex-systems-theory
#10
Hermann Haken, Wolfgang Tschacher
In mathematical analysis based on the assumptions of complexity science, the emergence of a pattern is the result of a competition of modes, which each have a parameter value attached. In the context of visual pattern recognition, a specific connectionist system (the synergetic computer SC) was developed, which was derived from the assumptions of synergetics, a theory of complex systems. We adapted the processes of visual pattern recognition performed by the SC to a different context, psychopathology and therapeutic interventions, assuming these scenarios are analogous...
January 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#11
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603763/cognitive-rehabilitation-for-military-service-members-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Douglas B Cooper, Amy O Bowles, Jan E Kennedy, Glenn Curtiss, Louis M French, David F Tate, Rodney D Vanderploeg
OBJECTIVE: To compare cognitive rehabilitation (CR) interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with standard of care management, including psychoeducation and medical care for noncognitive symptoms. SETTING: Military medical center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 126 service members who received mTBI from 3 to 24 months before baseline evaluation and reported ongoing cognitive difficulties. INTERVENTIONS: Randomized clinical trial with treatment outcomes assessed at baseline, 3-week, 6-week, 12-week, and 18-week follow-ups...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498098/efficacy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-specialist-depression-service-versus-usual-specialist-mental-health-care-to-manage-persistent-depression-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Richard Morriss, Anne Garland, Neil Nixon, Boliang Guo, Marilyn James, Catherine Kaylor-Hughes, Richard Moore, Rajini Ramana, Christopher Sampson, Timothy Sweeney, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Persistent moderate or severe unipolar depression is common and expensive to treat. Clinical guidelines recommend combined pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. Such treatments can take up to 1 year to show an effect, but no trials of suitable duration have been done. We investigated the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of outpatient-based, specialist depression services (SDS) versus treatment as usual (TAU) on depression symptoms and function. METHODS: We did a multicentre, single-blind, patient-level, parallel, randomised controlled trial (RCT), as part of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) study, in three mental health outpatient settings in England...
September 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486150/canadian-network-for-mood-and-anxiety-treatments-canmat-2016-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-section-2-psychological-treatments
#14
Sagar V Parikh, Lena C Quilty, Paula Ravitz, Michael Rosenbluth, Barbara Pavlova, Sophie Grigoriadis, Vytas Velyvis, Sidney H Kennedy, Raymond W Lam, Glenda M MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Arun V Ravindran, Rudolf Uher
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) has revised its 2009 guidelines for the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults by updating the evidence and recommendations. The target audiences for these 2016 guidelines are psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Evidence was graded using CANMAT-defined criteria for level of evidence...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348462/face-to-face-but-not-in-the-same-place-a-pilot-study-of-prolonged-exposure-therapy
#15
C Laurel Franklin, Lisa-Ann Cuccurullo, Jessica L Walton, Julie R Arseneau, Nancy J Petersen
This pilot study examined use of smartphone technology to deliver prolonged exposure (PE) therapy to patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with geographic limitations hindering in-person therapy. The primary goal was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of using video teleconferencing (i.e., computer-based and iPhone 4 streaming technology), with a secondary goal of examining clinical outcomes of PE delivered via teleconferencing compared with treatment as usual (TAU) on PTSD and depressive/anxious symptom reduction...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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