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Computer psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#1
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603763/cognitive-rehabilitation-for-military-service-members-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Douglas B Cooper, Amy O Bowles, Jan E Kennedy, Glenn Curtiss, Louis M French, David F Tate, Rodney D Vanderploeg
OBJECTIVE: To compare cognitive rehabilitation (CR) interventions for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with standard of care management, including psychoeducation and medical care for noncognitive symptoms. SETTING: Military medical center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 126 service members who received mTBI from 3 to 24 months before baseline evaluation and reported ongoing cognitive difficulties. INTERVENTIONS: Randomized clinical trial with treatment outcomes assessed at baseline, 3-week, 6-week, 12-week, and 18-week follow-ups...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498098/efficacy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-specialist-depression-service-versus-usual-specialist-mental-health-care-to-manage-persistent-depression-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Richard Morriss, Anne Garland, Neil Nixon, Boliang Guo, Marilyn James, Catherine Kaylor-Hughes, Richard Moore, Rajini Ramana, Christopher Sampson, Timothy Sweeney, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Persistent moderate or severe unipolar depression is common and expensive to treat. Clinical guidelines recommend combined pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. Such treatments can take up to 1 year to show an effect, but no trials of suitable duration have been done. We investigated the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of outpatient-based, specialist depression services (SDS) versus treatment as usual (TAU) on depression symptoms and function. METHODS: We did a multicentre, single-blind, patient-level, parallel, randomised controlled trial (RCT), as part of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) study, in three mental health outpatient settings in England...
September 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486150/canadian-network-for-mood-and-anxiety-treatments-canmat-2016-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-section-2-psychological-treatments
#4
Sagar V Parikh, Lena C Quilty, Paula Ravitz, Michael Rosenbluth, Barbara Pavlova, Sophie Grigoriadis, Vytas Velyvis, Sidney H Kennedy, Raymond W Lam, Glenda M MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Arun V Ravindran, Rudolf Uher
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) has revised its 2009 guidelines for the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults by updating the evidence and recommendations. The target audiences for these 2016 guidelines are psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Evidence was graded using CANMAT-defined criteria for level of evidence...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348462/face-to-face-but-not-in-the-same-place-pilot-study-of-prolonged-exposure-therapy
#5
C Laurel Franklin, Lisa-Ann Cuccurullo, Jessica L Walton, Julie Arseneau, Nancy J Petersen
This pilot study examined use of smart-phone technology to deliver prolonged exposure (PE) therapy to patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with geographic limitations hindering in-person therapy. The primary goal was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of using video-teleconferencing (i.e., computer-based and iPhone4 streaming technology), with a secondary goal of examining clinical outcomes of PE delivered via teleconferencing compared with treatment as usual (TAU) on PTSD and depressive/anxious symptom reduction...
June 27, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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