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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792234/long-term-outcomes-of-acute-treatment-with-cognitive-therapy-v-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-adult-depression-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Lotte H J M Lemmens, Suzanne C van Bronswijk, Frenk Peeters, Arnoud Arntz, Steven D Hollon, Marcus J H Huibers
BACKGROUND: Although equally efficacious in the acute phase, it is not known how cognitive therapy (CT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for major depressive disorder (MDD) compare in the long run. This study examined the long-term outcomes of CT v. IPT for MDD. METHODS: One hundred thirty-four adult (18-65) depressed outpatients who were treated with CT (n = 69) or IPT (n = 65) in a large open-label randomized controlled trial (parallel group design; computer-generated block randomization) were monitored across a 17-month follow-up phase...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618967/closing-the-loop-on-deep-brain-stimulation-for-treatment-resistant-depression
#2
REVIEW
Alik S Widge, Donald A Malone, Darin D Dougherty
Major depressive episodes are the largest cause of psychiatric disability, and can often resist treatment with medication and psychotherapy. Advances in the understanding of the neural circuit basis of depression, combined with the success of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in movement disorders, spurred several groups to test DBS for treatment-resistant depression. Multiple brain sites have now been stimulated in open-label and blinded studies. Initial open-label results were dramatic, but follow-on controlled/blinded clinical trials produced inconsistent results, with both successes and failures to meet endpoints...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553780/telephone-psychotherapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Barnaby J Proctor, Nima Moghaddam, William Vogt, Roshan das Nair
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to review the evidence for the effectiveness of telephone psychotherapy on psychological outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: We conducted a systematic search of EMBASE, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and hand-searched relevant journals to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effectiveness of telephone psychotherapy on psychological outcomes in people with MS (last search completed on October 1, 2015)...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540923/psychosocial-intervention-for-sexual-addiction
#4
REVIEW
Manju George, Shreemit Maheshwari, Suhas Chandran, Suman S Rao, Manohar J Shivanand, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Addiction is the term employed not only for excess consumption of substances, but also for problem behaviours like eating disorders, pathological gambling, computer addiction and pathological preoccupation with video games and sexual acts. No clear diagnostic criterion has been established with validity for behavioral addictions. Sexual addiction, including addiction to pornography is not included as a separate entity because of a lack of strong empirical evidence in this area. Different scales can be used for assessment of sexual addiction...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530905/feasibility-of-a-blended-group-treatment-bgt-for-major-depression-uncontrolled-interventional-study-in-a-university-setting
#5
Raphael Schuster, Isabelle Fichtenbauer, Verena Maria Sparr, Thomas Berger, Anton-Rupert Laireiter
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the feasibility of a novel blended (face-to-face and computer-based) group intervention for the reduction of depressive symptoms in major depression. DESIGN: Patient-centred uncontrolled interventional study. SETTING: University setting in a general community sample. A multimodal recruitment strategy (public health centres and public areas) was applied. PARTICIPANTS: Based on independent interviews, 26 participants, diagnosed with major depressive disorder (81% female; 23% comorbidity >1 and 23% comorbidity >2), entered treatment...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284443/readiness-to-change-and-therapy-outcomes-of-an-innovative-psychotherapy-program-for-surgical-patients-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Henning Krampe, Anna-Lena Salz, Léonie F Kerper, Alexander Krannich, Tatjana Schnell, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Claudia D Spies
BACKGROUND: Readiness to change is a pivotal construct for psychotherapy research and a major target of motivational interventions. Our primary objective was to examine whether pre-treatment readiness to change moderated therapy effects of Bridging Intervention in Anesthesiology (BRIA), an innovative psychotherapy approach for surgical patients. This stepped care program aims at motivating and supporting surgical patients with mental disorders to engage in psychosocial mental health care...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179665/effect-size-calculation-in-meta-analyses-of-psychotherapy-outcome-research
#7
William T Hoyt, A C Del Re
Meta-analysis of psychotherapy intervention research normally examines differences between treatment groups and some form of comparison group (e.g., wait list control; alternative treatment group). The effect of treatment is normally quantified as a standardized mean difference (SMD). We describe procedures for computing unbiased estimates of the population SMD from sample data (e.g., group Ms and SDs), and provide guidance about a number of complications that may arise related to effect size computation. These complications include (a) incomplete data in research reports; (b) use of baseline data in computing SMDs and estimating the population standard deviation (σ); (c) combining effect size data from studies using different research designs; and (d) appropriate techniques for analysis of data from studies providing multiple estimates of the effect of interest (i...
May 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064556/patients-and-therapists-experiences-of-general-change-mechanisms-during-bug-in-the-eye-and-delayed-video-based-supervised-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Thomas Probst, Marion Jakob, Yvonne M Kaufmann, Julia M B Müller-Neng, Martin Bohus, Florian Weck
OBJECTIVE: This secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial investigated whether bug-in-the-eye (BITE) supervision (live computer-based supervision during a psychotherapy session) affects the manner in which patients and therapists experience general change mechanisms (GCMs) during cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). METHOD: A total of 23 therapists were randomized either to the BITE condition or the control condition (delayed video-based [DVB] supervision)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992899/tailored-online-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-with-or-without-therapist-support-calls-to-target-psychological-distress-in-adults-receiving-haemodialysis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, Sam Norton, Federica Picariello, David Game, Amy Carroll, Jonathan Spencer, Paul McCrone, Matthew Hotopf, Lucy Yardley, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is prevalent in haemodialysis (HD) patients yet access to psychotherapy remains limited. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of online cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) tailored for HD patients, with or without therapist support, for managing psychological distress. METHODS: This feasibility randomised controlled trial recruited patients from a UK HD centre. Following psychological distress screens, patients with mild-moderate psychological distress (Patient Health Questionnaire PHQ-9; score: 5-19 and/or Generalised Anxiety Disorder; GAD-7 score: 5-14) who met remaining inclusion criteria were approached for consent...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984633/homeopathy-as-boundary-object-and-distributed-therapeutic-agency-a-discussion-on-the-homeopathic-placebo-response
#10
Cosima Rughiniş, Alexandra Ciocănel, Sorina Vasile
BACKGROUND: We discuss homeopathy's placebo effect as the result of a distributed therapeutic agency involving humans, objects, and texts. Homeopathy has been involved in controversies for centuries, and the dispute whether it is therapy or quackery is as lively as ever. Still, homeopathy has retained significant popularity and acceptance within the medical establishment. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: We bracket the issue of biochemical effectiveness of homeopathic remedies as we only discuss homeopathy's potential to elicit a placebo response within its therapeutic alliance, in virtue of its social, symbolic, and material features...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969439/improving-the-efficiency-of-psychotherapy-for-depression-computer-assisted-versus-standard-cbt
#11
Michael E Thase, Jesse H Wright, Tracy D Eells, Marna S Barrett, Stephen R Wisniewski, G K Balasubramani, Paul McCrone, Gregory K Brown
OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated the efficacy and durability of a therapist-supported method for computer-assisted cognitive-behavioral therapy (CCBT) in comparison to standard cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). METHOD: A total of 154 medication-free patients with major depressive disorder seeking treatment at two university clinics were randomly assigned to either 16 weeks of standard CBT (up to 20 sessions of 50 minutes each) or CCBT using the "Good Days Ahead" program...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859565/neuroplasticity-and-the-brain-connectome-what-can-jean-talairach-s-reflections-bring-to-modern-psychosurgery
#12
Pierre Bourdillon, Caroline Apra, Marc Lévêque, Fabien Vinckier
Contrary to common psychosurgical practice in the 1950s, Dr. Jean Talairach had the intuition, based on clinical experience, that the brain connectome and neuroplasticity had a role to play in psychosurgery. Due to the remarkable progress of pharmacology at that time and to the technical limits of neurosurgery, these concepts were not put into practice. Currently, these concepts are being confirmed by modern techniques such as neuroimaging and computational neurosciences, and could pave the way for therapeutic innovation in psychiatry...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857042/cost-and-outcome-of-behavioural-activation-cobra-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-behavioural-activation-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression
#13
David A Richards, Shelley Rhodes, David Ekers, Dean McMillan, Rod S Taylor, Sarah Byford, Barbara Barrett, Katie Finning, Poushali Ganguli, Fiona Warren, Paul Farrand, Simon Gilbody, Willem Kuyken, Heather O'Mahen, Ed Watkins, Kim Wright, Nigel Reed, Emily Fletcher, Steven D Hollon, Lucy Moore, Amy Backhouse, Claire Farrow, Julie Garry, Deborah Kemp, Faye Plummer, Faith Warner, Rebecca Woodhouse
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common, debilitating and costly disorder. The best-evidenced psychological therapy - cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) - is complex and costly. A simpler therapy, behavioural activation (BA), may be an effective alternative. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of BA compared with CBT for depressed adults at 12 and 18 months' follow-up, and to investigate the processes of treatments. DESIGN: Randomised controlled, non-inferiority trial stratified by depression severity, antidepressant use and recruitment site, with embedded process evaluation; and randomisation by remote computer-generated allocation...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819922/therapeutic-alliance-client-need-for-approval-and-perfectionism-as-differential-moderators-of-response-to-ehealth-and-traditionally-delivered-treatments-for-comorbid-depression-and-substance-use-problems
#14
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
October 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729233/dynamo-a-modular-platform-for-monitoring-process-outcome-and-algorithm-based-treatment-planning-in-psychotherapy
#15
Tim Kaiser, Anton Rupert Laireiter
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the assessment of mental disorders has become more and more personalized. Modern advancements such as Internet-enabled mobile phones and increased computing capacity make it possible to tap sources of information that have long been unavailable to mental health practitioners. OBJECTIVE: Software packages that combine algorithm-based treatment planning, process monitoring, and outcome monitoring are scarce. The objective of this study was to assess whether the DynAMo Web application can fill this gap by providing a software solution that can be used by both researchers to conduct state-of-the-art psychotherapy process research and clinicians to plan treatments and monitor psychotherapeutic processes...
July 20, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631679/-the-comparative-assessment-of-the-vocal-function-in-the-professional-voice-users-and-non-occupational-voice-users-in-the-late-adulthood
#16
O G Pavlikhin, S G Romanenko, D I Krasnikova, E V Lesogorova, V S Yakovlev
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and functional condition of the voice apparatus in the elderly patients and to elaborate recommendations for the prevention of disturbances of the vocal function in the professional voice users. This comprehensive study involved 95 patients including the active professional voice users (n=48) and 45 non-occupational voice users at the age from 61 to 82 years with the employment history varying from 32 to 51 years. The study was designed to obtain the voice characteristics by means of the subjective auditory assessment, microlaryngoscopy, video laryngostroboscopy, determination of maximum phonation time (MPT), and computer-assisted acoustic analysis of the voice with the use of the MDVP Kay Pentaxy system...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628385/serious-games-for-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#17
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott
INTRODUCTION: In the evolving digital age, media applications are increasingly playing a greater role in the field of psychotherapy. While the Internet is already in the phase of being established when it comes to the care of mental disorders, experimentation is going on with other modern media such as serious games. A serious game is a game in which education and behavior change is the goal, alongside with entertainment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present article was to provide a first empirical overview of serious games applied to psychotherapy and psychosomatic rehabilitation...
June 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577223/correspondence-between-negative-symptoms-and-potential-sources-of-secondary-negative-symptoms-over-time
#18
Aida Farreny, Mark Savill, Stefan Priebe
There has been a debate in the literature about the distinction between primary and secondary negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Our aim was to study the associations between negative symptoms and potential sources of secondary negative symptoms over time. A sample of 275 participants with at least mid-moderate negative symptoms was randomized into body psychotherapy or Pilates class in a previous study. No significant differences were found between groups over time and changes in the symptom domains were modest...
June 2, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493518/on-the-relationships-between-dsm-5-dysfunctional-personality-traits-and-social-cognition-deficits-a-study-in-a-sample-of-consecutively-admitted-italian-psychotherapy-patients
#19
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Robert F Krueger, Kristian E Markon, Serena Borroni
This study aims at testing the hypothesis that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition (DSM-5) alternative model of personality disorder (AMPD) traits may be significantly associated with deficits on 2 different social cognition tasks, namely, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test and the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition, in a sample of consecutively admitted inpatients and outpatients. The sample was composed of 181 consecutively admitted participants (57.5% women; mean age = 38...
November 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484401/psychotherapy-is-chaotic-not-only-in-a-computational-world
#20
Günter K Schiepek, Kathrin Viol, Wolfgang Aichhorn, Marc-Thorsten Hütt, Katharina Sungler, David Pincus, Helmut J Schöller
Objective: The aim of this article is to outline the role of chaotic dynamics in psychotherapy. Besides some empirical findings of chaos at different time scales, the focus is on theoretical modeling of change processes explaining and simulating chaotic dynamics. It will be illustrated how some common factors of psychotherapeutic change and psychological hypotheses on motivation, emotion regulation, and information processing of the client's functioning can be integrated into a comprehensive nonlinear model of human change processes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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