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Dileka Abeysinghe, Mark D Smith, Jeongho Yeon, T Thao Tran, Robert Paria Sena, Joke Hadermann, P Shiv Halasyamani, Hans-Conrad Zur Loye
The noncentrosymmetric tungstate oxide, Ce18W10O57, was synthesized for the first time as high-quality single crystals via the molten chloride flux method and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound is a structural analogue to the previously reported La18W10O57, which crystallizes in the hexagonal space group P6̅2c. The +3 oxidation state of cerium in Ce18W10O57 was achieved via the in situ reduction of Ce(IV) to Ce(III) using Zn metal. The structure consists of both isolated and face-shared WO6 octahedra and, surprisingly, isolated WO6 trigonal prisms...
February 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Shuguftha Naz, James Beach, Blaze Heckert, Tanuja Tummala, Oleksandra Pashchenko, Tuhina Banerjee, Santimukul Santra
Despite advances in understanding the factors that cause many neurodegenerative diseases (NDs), no current therapies have yielded significant results. Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeONPs) have recently emerged as therapeutics for the treatment of NDs due to their antioxidant properties. This report summarizes the recent findings regarding CeONPs in treatment of various NDs, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, ischemic stroke and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Interest in CeONPs as a potential nanomedicine for NDs has increased due to: their ability to alter signaling pathways, small diameter allowing passage through the blood-brain barrier and scavenging of reactive oxygen species...
February 9, 2017: Nanomedicine
Matthew Gregson, Erli Lu, David P Mills, Floriana Tuna, Eric J L McInnes, Christoph Hennig, Andreas C Scheinost, Jonathan McMaster, William Lewis, Alexander J Blake, Andrew Kerridge, Stephen T Liddle
Across the periodic table the trans-influence operates, whereby tightly bonded ligands selectively lengthen mutually trans metal-ligand bonds. Conversely, in high oxidation state actinide complexes the inverse-trans-influence operates, where normally cis strongly donating ligands instead reside trans and actually reinforce each other. However, because the inverse-trans-influence is restricted to high-valent actinyls and a few uranium(V/VI) complexes, it has had limited scope in an area with few unifying rules...
February 3, 2017: Nature Communications
Kheibar Dashtian, Rouholah Zare-Dorabei
A selective adsorbent based on the modification of mesoprous SBA-15 with N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-1,3-ethylenediamine Schiff base and decorated with Fe3O4 nanoparticles (SBA-15-BSEA-Fe3O4-NPs) for Ce(III) ions removal was reported. The SBA-15-BSEA-Fe3O4-NPs was identified by XRD, FE-SEM, TEM, SEM, FT-IR, VSM, BET and BJH analysis. Central composite design (CCD) was applied to evaluate the main and interactive effects of adsorption variables and optimize the operational parameters. The important variable such as initial pH solution, SBA-15-BSEA-Fe3O4-NPs mass, shaking time and initial concentration of Ce(3+) ions were studied under batch mode...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Brendan Hillary, Putla Sudarsanam, Mohamad Hassan Amin, Suresh K Bhargava
Understanding the role of nanointerface structures in supported bimetallic nanoparticles is vital for the rational design of novel high-performance catalysts. This study reports the synthesis, characterization, and the catalytic application of Co-Mn oxide nanoparticles supported on CeO2 nanocubes with the specific aim of investigating the effect of nanointerfaces in tuning structure-activity properties. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy analysis reveals the formation of different types of Co-Mn nanoalloys with a range of 6 ± 0...
February 13, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
A Drescher, M Yoho, S Landsberger, M Durbin, S Biegalski, D Meier, J Schwantes
A radiation detection system consisting of two cerium doped lanthanum bromide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillation detectors in a gamma-gamma coincidence configuration has been used to demonstrate the advantages that coincident detection provides relative to a single detector, and the advantages that LaBr3:Ce detectors provide relative to high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors. Signal to noise ratios of select photopeak pairs for these detectors have been compared to high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors in both single and coincident detector configurations in order to quantify the performance of each detector configuration...
January 15, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Karthik Raj, Vinoth Kumar Jeyaraj, Shen-Ming Chen, Chelladurai Karuppiah, Yi-Hui Cheng, Muthuraj V
In this present work, "killing two birds with one arrow" strategy was performed for the electrochemical trace level detection and photocatalytic degradation of antibiotic drug chloramphenicol (CAP) using Ce(MoO4)2 nanocubes/graphene oxide (CeM/GO) composite for the first time. The CeM/GO composite was synthesized via simple hydrothermal treatment followed by sonication process. The successful formation of CeM/GO composite was confirmed by several analytical and spectroscopic techniques. The CeM/GO composite modified GCE showed excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the reduction of CAP in terms of decrease the potential and increase the cathodic peak current in comparison with different modified and unmodified electrodes...
January 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
James G Dale, Steven S Cox, Marina E Vance, Linsey C Marr, Michael F Hochella
Nanoscale cerium oxide is used as a diesel fuel additive to reduce particulate matter emissions and increase fuel economy, but its fate in the environment has not been established. Cerium oxide released as a result of the combustion of diesel fuel containing the additive Envirox, which utilizes suspended nanoscale cerium oxide to reduce particulate matter emissions and increase fuel economy, was captured from the exhaust stream of a diesel engine and was characterized using a combination of bulk analytical techniques and high resolution transmission electron microscopy...
February 8, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Xuan Yang, Shuangshuang Deng, Fumin Peng, Tao Luo
A novel Ce(iii) ion-implanted aluminum-trimesic metal-organic framework (Ce-MIL-96) was synthesized for the first time via alcohol-solvent incipient wetness impregnation. Compared to previously reported Ce-contained adsorbents, the fluoride adsorption performance of the new ion-implanted metal-organic framework demonstrated much higher adsorption capacity and more efficient regeneration of Ce. In a wide pH range of 3 to 10, Ce-MIL-96 maintained constant adsorption performance for fluoride, and the residual Ce and Al in the treated solution were below the safe limits in drinking water...
January 23, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Qinsong Xu, Yuji Jiang, Weiyue Chu, Chunlei Su, Dan Hu, Qianqian Lu, Tingting Zhang
Rare earth elements are new and emerging contaminants in freshwater systems. Greater duckweed (Spirodela polyrhiza L.) is a common aquatic plant widely used in phytotoxicity tests for xenobiotic substances. In this study, the cerium (Ce) accumulation potential, the distribution of Ce in bio-molecules, and ensuing biochemical responses were investigated in greater duckweed fronds when they were exposed to Ce (0, 10, 20, 40, and 60μM). There was a concentration dependent increase in Ce accumulation, which reached a maximum of 67mgg(-1) of dry weight (DW) at 60μM Ce after 14 d...
January 19, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Ali Othman, Kristen Bear, Silvana Andreescu
Increasing use of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) in many industrial processes and consumer products requires rapid analytical methodologies to reliably detect and screen samples for the presence of NPs. Here, we report the development, analytical characterization and performance evaluation of a colorimetric assay as a comprehensive test for quantitative detection, screening and reactivity evaluation of nanoceria (cerium oxide, CeO2) particles in aqueous environments. We provide a critical discussion of the role of environmental conditions including pH, ionic composition, and presence of humic acid and particle type on the overall performance and sensitivity of this assay...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
Olga Malev, Polonca Trebše, Małgorzata Piecha, Sara Novak, Bojan Budič, Miroslav D Dramićanin, Damjana Drobne
Nano-sized cerium dioxide (CeO2) particles are emerging as an environmental issue due to their extensive use in automobile industries as fuel additives. Limited information is available on the potential toxicity of CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs) on terrestrial invertebrates through dietary exposure. In the present study, the toxic effects of CeO2 NPs on the model soil organism Porcellio scaber were evaluated. Nanotoxicity was assessed by monitoring the lipid peroxidation (LP) level and feeding rate after 14-days exposure to food amended with nano CeO2...
February 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Pierre-Antoine Faye, Olivier Roualdes, Fabrice Rossignol, Daniel Jean Hartmann, Alexis Desmoulière
Despite many studies, the impact of ceramic particles on cell behavior remains still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of ceramic nano-sized particles on fibroblastic cells. Fibroblasts (dermal fibroblasts freshly isolated from skin samples and WI26 fibroblastic cells) were cultured in monolayer in the presence of alumina or cerium-zirconia particles (��� 50 nm diameter) at two concentrations (100 or 500 ��g.mL-1). Fluorescent alumina particles were also used. Cell morphology, cytoplasmic ceramic incorporation using confocal and transmission electron microscopy, and migration using silicon insert, were analyzed...
January 19, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Natasha W Pettinger, Robert E A Williams, Jinquan Chen, Bern Kohler
A stable sol of cerium oxide nanoparticles forms spontaneously when cerium(iv) ammonium nitrate (CAN) is dissolved in room-temperature water at mM concentrations. Electron microscopy experiments reveal the formation of highly crystalline cerium oxide particles several nm in diameter and suggest that they are formed from amorphous particles that are similar in size. Under the low pH conditions of the experiments, the nanoparticles form a stable dispersion and show no evidence of aggregation, even many months after synthesis...
February 1, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Shengze Yi, Yuanyuan Sun, Xin Hu, Hongxia Xu, Bin Gao, Jichun Wu
The adsorption removal of levofloxacin (LEV), a widely used fluoroquinolone antibiotic, by using the biochars derived from the pyrolysis of pine wood chip pretreated with cerium trichloride was investigated through batch sorption experiments and multiple characterization techniques. The differences in the basic physicochemical properties between Ce-impregnated biochars and the pristine biochars were confirmed by the analysis of elemental compositions, specific surface areas, energy dispersive spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, and thermo-gravimetry...
January 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
O A Legon'kova, T A Ushakova, I P Savchenkova, N V Perova, M S Belova, A A Torkova, A E Baranchikov, O S Ivanova, A I Korotaeva, V K Ivanov
We studied the effects of nanodispersed ceria on wound healing in vitro and in vivo. It was found that cerium dioxide stimulated wound healing, which manifested in shrinkage of burn wound area (by 1.5 times) and intensification (by 2.4 times) marginal epithelialization.
January 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Lukman A Solola, Alexander V Zabula, Walter L Dorfner, Brian C Manor, Patrick J Carroll, Eric J Schelter
A series of alkali metal capped cerium(IV) imido complexes, [M(solv)x][Ce═N(3,5-(CF3)2C6H3)(TriNOx)] (M = Li, K, Rb, Cs; solv = TMEDA, THF, Et2O, or DME), was isolated and fully characterized. An X-ray structural investigation of the cerium imido complexes demonstrated the impact of the alkali metal counterions on the geometry of the [Ce═N(3,5-(CF3)2C6H3)(TriNOx)](-) moiety. Substantial shortening of the Ce═N bond was observed with increasing size of the alkali metal cation. The first complex featuring an unsupported, terminal multiple bond between a Ce(IV) ion and a ligand fragment was also isolated by encapsulation of a Cs(+) counterion with 2...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
J F Yan, W G Qiu, L Y Song, Y Chen, Y C Su, G M Bai, G Z Zhang, H He
CeO2/TiO2 catalysts were fabricated by dry ball milling in the presence or absence of an organic ligand. It was found that the catalysts prepared by ligand-assisted ball milling exhibited high NH3-SCR activities due to the interaction between cerium ions and ligand molecules resulting in good dispersion, a high Ce(3+) ratio and high reducibility of cerium species.
January 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Z Ouyang, S Yasmin-Karim, G Strack, E Sajo, W Ngwa
PURPOSE: Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CONPs) have unique pH dependent properties such that they act as a radical modulator. These properties may be used in radiation therapy (RT) to protect normal tissue. This work investigates the selective radioprotection of CONPs in-vitro and potential for in-situ delivery of CONPs in prostate cancer RT. METHODS: i) Normal human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human prostate cancer cells (PC-3) were treated with 0 or 2 ng/mL CONPs (NP size: 5 nm)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Ming-Wen Chang, Wen-Shyan Sheu
Density functional theory is employed to investigate the role of Au charge in the water-gas-shift (WGS) reaction on a CeO2(111) surface with a cerium atom replaced by a gold atom. The oxidation state of the gold atom, varied between +3 and -1, is controlled by altering the number and configuration of oxygen vacancies. The findings indicate that Au(3+) and Au(-) are not catalytically active for the WGS reaction because of a high energy barrier of +1.54 eV required to dissociate water and +1.40 eV to produce H2 and CO2, respectively...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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