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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439996/energy-dispersive-spectroscopy-scanning-transmission-electron-microscope-observations-of-free-radical-production-in-human-polymorphonuclear-leukocytes-phagocytosing-non-opsonized-tannerella-forsythia
#1
Keiichi Moriguchi, Yoshiaki Hasegawa, Naoya Higuchi, Yukitaka Murakami, Fuminobu Yoshimura, Kazuhiko Nakata, Masaki Honda
We investigated the association between human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and non-opsonized Tannerella forsythia ATCC 43037 displaying a serum-resistant surface layer (S-layer). When PMNs were mixed with T. forsythia in suspension, the cells phagocytosed T. forsythia cells. Nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction, indicative of O2- production, was observed by light microscopy; cerium (Ce) perhydroxide deposition, indicative of H2 O2 production, was observed by electron microscopy. We examined the relationship between high-molecular-weight proteins of the S-layer and Ce reaction (for T...
April 24, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435707/crystal-structure-of-methyl-4r-4-4-meth-oxy-benzo-yl-4-1r-1-phenyl-eth-yl-carbamo-yl-butano-ate
#2
Alejandro Manchado, Mateo M Salgado, Álvaro Vicente, David Díez, Francisca Sanz, Narciso M Garrido
The title compound, C22H25NO5, was prepared by CAN [cerium(IV) ammonium nitrate] oxidation of the corresponding β-lactam. The dihedral angle between the benzene rings is 13.3 (4)° and the C-N-C(=O)-C torsion angle is 176.1 (6)°. In the crystal, amide-C(4) N-H⋯O and reinforcing C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into infinite [010] chains. Further C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds cross-link the chains in the c-axis direction.
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435267/the-acute-pulmonary-and-thrombotic-effects-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-after-intratracheal-instillation-in-mice
#3
Abderrahim Nemmar, Suhail Al-Salam, Sumaya Beegam, Priya Yuvaraju, Badreldin H Ali
Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs), used as a diesel fuel catalyst, can be emitted into the ambient air, resulting in exposure to humans by inhalation. Recent studies have reported the development of lung toxicity after pulmonary exposure to CeO2 NPs. However, little is known about the possible thrombotic effects of these NPs. The present study investigated the acute (24 hours) effect of intratracheal (IT) instillation of either CeO2 NPs (0.1 or 0.5 mg/kg) or saline (control) on pulmonary and systemic inflammation and oxidative stress and thrombosis in mice...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433873/ph-dependent-synthesis-of-two-isomeric-dinuclear-cerium-ii-complexes-structures-dna-interactions-cytotoxic-activity-and-apoptotic-study
#4
En-Jun Gao, Jun-Qi Su, Hai-Tao Jin, Si-Jia Liu, Fu-Chen Zhao, Yang Meng, Xiao-Yu Ma, Jing Ge, Ya-Guang Sun, Wanzhong Zhang, Ming-Chang Zhu
Two isomeric dinuclear Cerium(II) complexes 1 and 2, formulated as Ce2(phen)2(NO3)2(L)4 [L=phenylacetic acid, phen=1,10-phenanthroline] was synthesized under solvothermal conditions at different pH values. The two complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Complexes 1 and 2 were studied the binding with DNA and against cytotoxic activity. Fluorescence analysis indicated that the two complexes can bind to DNA. The changes with different gradient concentration of DNA added into the complexes in absorption spectra show a strongπ-stacking interaction between the complexes and DNA base pairs...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431810/in-vivo-ameliorative-effect-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-in-isoproterenol-induced-cardiac-toxicity
#5
Shereen S El Shaer, Taher A Salaheldin, Nashwa M Saied, Sally M Abdelazim
BACKGROUND: Cerium oxide nanoparticles have gained much more attention especially in the field of nanomedicine. This work represents cerium oxide nanoparticles as a new prophylactic model for heart failure progression. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential protective effect of cerium oxide nanoparticles on Isoproterenol (ISO)-induced cardiac toxicity in rats. METHODS: Cerium oxide nanoparticles (5±1nm) were synthesized by reverse micelle method and characterized using High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffraction and particle size analyzer...
April 18, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429930/enzymatically-debranched-xylans-in-graft-copolymerization
#6
Kuisma Littunen, Galina Mai-Gisondi, Jukka Seppälä, Emma R Master
Wheat arabinoxylan was treated with two α-arabinofuranosidases exhibiting different mode of action to create three different polymeric substrates. These three substrate preparations were characterized by xylopyranose backbone sugars that are (1) singly substituted by arabinose at C2 or C3, (2) doubly substituted by arabinose at C2 and C3, and (3) largely unsubstituted. All xylan preparations were grafted with glycidyl methacrylate using cerium ammonium nitrate and then evaluated in terms of graft yield and adsorption to cellulose surfaces...
April 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413864/evaluation-of-intracranial-microvessel-visualization-in-mouse-and-dog-models-by-using-a-new-rotating-cerium-anode-x-ray-system
#7
Chiharu Tanaka, Toru Shizuma, Yoshiro Shinozaki, Kikue Todoroki, Yoshimori Ikeya, Naoto Fukuyama, Toshihiko Ueda, Hidezo Mori
OBJECTIVE: Lacunar stroke may be caused by infarction of small perforating branches of the middle cerebral artery. We developed a microangiographic X-ray system using a cerium anode to evaluate the perforating branches. METHODS: Iodine has K-edges at 33.2 kilo electron volts. Cerium yields a characteristic X-ray of 34.6 kilo electron volts, therefore, the cerium anode X-ray system could detect tiny amounts of contrast material. First, an X-ray chart was used to evaluate the resolution...
April 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411553/cerium-dioxide-nanoparticles-possess-anti-inflammatory-properties-in-the-conditions-of-the-obesity-associated-nafld-in-rats
#8
Nazarii Kobyliak, Oleksandr Virchenko, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Maryana Kondro, Tetyana Beregova, Petro Bodnar, Oleksandr Shcherbakov, Rostyslav Bubnov, Martin Caprnda, Delian Delev, Jan Sabo, Peter Kruzliak, Luis Rodrigo, Radka Opatrilova, Mykola Spivak
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The disease is associated with impairment of pro/antioxidant equilibrium and the inflammation in liver tissue. The aim of the work was to investigate the anti-inflammatory properties of the nanocrystalline cerium dioxide (nCeO2) on the rat model of NAFLD associated with monosodium glutamate (MSG)-induced obesity. METHODS: The study was carried out on three groups of rats: control, MSG- and MSG+nCeO2...
April 12, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411498/a-pilot-study-on-the-association-between-rare-earth-elements-in-maternal-hair-and-the-risk-of-neural-tube-defects-in-north-china
#9
Wenhua Huo, Yibing Zhu, Zhenjiang Li, Yiming Pang, Bin Wang, Zhiwen Li
Rare earth elements (REEs) have many applications in industry, agriculture, and medicine, resulting in occupational and environmental exposure and concerns regarding REE-associated health effects. However, few epidemiological studies have examined the adverse effects of REEs on pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between the REE concentrations in maternal hair growing during early pregnancy and the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in offspring. We included 191 women with NTD-affected pregnancies (cases) and 261 women delivering healthy infants (controls)...
April 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408699/a-novel-cerium-141-based-flood-field-uniformity-phantom-assessment-of-its-suitability-to-perform-daily-uniformity-test-in-a-clinical-nuclear-medicine-department
#10
Ashish Kumar Jha, Sneha Mithun, Manoj H Chauhan, Nilendu C Purandare, Sneha Shah, Archi Agrawal, Sanjay Kumar Saxena, Ashutosh Dash, Venkatesh Rangarajan
Daily quality control of a gamma camera is of utmost importance to assess the suitability of the camera for clinical use. Aim of our study is to find out the relevance of indigenously developed (141)Ce -flood field phantom in daily quality control of gamma camera. Material & Method: Uniformity tests were performed by using (141)Ce-flood field phantom and commercially available (57)Co -flood field phantom, and results compared. Result: The average percentage integral uniformity obtained by (141)Ce -flood field phantom and (57)Co -flood field phantom were 3...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407542/diclofenac-degradation-in-water-by-feceox-catalyzed-h2o2-influencing-factors-mechanism-and-pathways
#11
Shan Chong, Guangming Zhang, Nan Zhang, Yucan Liu, Ting Huang, Huazhen Chang
The degradation of diclofenac in a like Fenton system, FeCeOx-H2O2, was studied in details. The influencing factors, reaction kinetics, reaction mechanism and degradation pathways of diclofenac were investigated. The optimum conditions were at a solution pH of 5.0, H2O2 concentration of 3.0mmol/L, diclofenac initial concentration of 0.07mmol/L, FeCeOx dosage of 0.5g/L, and 84% degradation of diclofenac was achieved within 40min. The kinetics of FeCeOx catalyzed H2O2 process involved adsorption-dominating and degradation-dominating stages and fitted pseudo-second order model and pseudo-first order model, respectively...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406231/environmentally-friendly-synthesis-of-ceo2-nanoparticles-for-the-catalytic-oxidation-of-benzyl-alcohol-to-benzaldehyde-and-selective-detection-of-nitrite
#12
P Tamizhdurai, Subramanian Sakthinathan, Shen-Ming Chen, K Shanthi, S Sivasanker, P Sangeetha
Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) are favorable in nanotechnology based on some remarkable properties. In this study, the crystalline CeO2 NPs are successfully prepared by an efficient microwave combustion (MCM) and conventional route sol-gel (CRSGM) methods. The structural morphology of the as-prepared CeO2 NPs was investigated by various spectroscopic and analytical techniques. Moreover, the XRD pattern confirmed the formation of CeO2 NPs as a face centered cubic structure. The magnetometer studies indicated the low saturation magnetization (23...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405805/a-rotating-cerium-anode-x-ray-system-allows-visualization-of-intramural-coronary-vessels-after-cardiac-stem-cell-therapy-for-myocardial-infarction
#13
Chiharu Tanaka, Toru Hosoda, Yoshimori Ikeya, Yoshiro Shinozaki, Kikue Todoroki, Toru Shizuma, Takashi Shiraishi, Naoto Fukuyama, Toshihiko Ueda, Hidezo Mori
Conventional angiography is insufficient for evaluating the therapeutic effect of cardiac regeneration therapy. A microangiographic X-ray system using a cerium anode was developed. Cerium has a characteristic X-ray with a peak at 34.6 keV, which allows visualization of tiny amounts of iodine. The performance of the cerium anode X-ray system was evaluated in two excised normal canine hearts and in excised ischemic canine hearts treated with c-kit-positive cardiac stem cells (5 canines) or without cells (5 control canines)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401392/phytotoxicity-of-ceo2-nanoparticles-on-radish-plant-raphanus-sativus
#14
Xin Gui, Mengmeng Rui, Youhong Song, Yuhui Ma, Yukui Rui, Peng Zhang, Xiao He, Yuanyuan Li, Zhiyong Zhang, Liming Liu
Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) have been considered as one type of emerging contaminants that pose great potential risks to the environment and human health. The effect of CeO2 NPs on plant-edible parts and health evaluation remains is necessary and urgently to be developed. In this study, we cultivated radish in Sigma CeO2 NP (<25 nm)-amended soils across a series of concentration treatments, i.e., 0 mg/kg as the control and 10, 50, and 100 mg/kg CeO2 NPs. The results showed that CeO2 NPs accelerated the fresh biomass accumulation of radish plant; especially in the treatment of 50 mg/kg CeO2 NPs, root expansion was increased by 2...
April 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401243/two-shell-structured-pmaa-ceo2-nanocontainers-loaded-with-2-mercaptobenzothiazole-for-corrosion-protection-of-damaged-epoxy-coated-aa-2024-t3
#15
A C Balaskas, T Hashimoto, M Curioni, G E Thompson
In this work, novel two-shell structured inhibitor-loaded poly(methacrylic acid)@cerium oxide (PMAA@CeO2) nanocontainers were synthesised and characterized. The purpose of the nanocontainers is to increase the corrosion protection provided by an epoxy coating applied to an aerospace alloy (AA 2024-T3). The (PMAA@CeO2) nanocontainers with diameters of 550 nm were synthesised by a four-step process with the method of distillation precipitation polymerization for the synthesis of the inner PMAA layer, and the sol-gel method for the development of the outer CeO2 layer...
April 12, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401201/a-combination-strategy-using-two-novel-cerium-based-nanocomposite-affinity-probes-for-the-selective-enrichment-of-mono-and-multi-phosphopeptides-in-mass-spectrometric-analysis
#16
Xing-Yu Long, Zi-Jin Zhang, Jia-Yuan Li, Dong Sheng, Hong-Zhen Lian
This work presents a sequential enrichment protocol, based on two self-designed cerium-based nanocomposite affinity probes, which not only can effectively separate phosphopeptides from non-phosphopeptides but can also selectively differentiate mono- and multi-phosphopeptides for direct matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometric (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis.
April 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392888/cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-in-lung-acutely-induce-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-dna-damage-in-various-organs-of-mice
#17
Abderrahim Nemmar, Priya Yuvaraju, Sumaya Beegam, Mohamed A Fahim, Badreldin H Ali
CeO2 nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) which are used as a diesel fuel additive are emitted in the particulate phase in the exhaust, posing a health concern. However, limited information exists regarding the in vivo acute toxicity of CeO2 NPs on multiple organs. Presently, we investigated the acute (24 h) effects of intratracheally instilled CeO2 NPs in mice (0.5 mg/kg) on oxidative stress, inflammation, and DNA damage in major organs including lung, heart, liver, kidneys, spleen, and brain. Lipid peroxidation measured by malondialdehyde production was increased in the lungs only, and reactive oxygen species were increased in the lung, heart, kidney, and brain...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387344/ph-controlled-cerium-oxide-nanoparticle-inhibition-of-both-gram-positive-and-gram-negative-bacteria-growth
#18
Ece Alpaslan, Benjamin M Geilich, Hilal Yazici, Thomas J Webster
Here, the antibacterial activity of dextran-coated nanoceria was examined against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus epidermidis by varying the dose, the time of treatment, and the pH of the solution. Findings suggested that dextran-coated nanoceria particles were much more effective at killing P. aeruginosa and S. epidermidis at basic pH values (pH = 9) compared to acidic pH values (pH = 6) due to a smaller size and positive surface charge at pH 9. At pH 9, different particle concentrations did cause a delay in the growth of P...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375274/univariate-and-multivariate-analyses-of-rare-earth-elements-by-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy
#19
Chet R Bhatt, Fang Y Yueh, Jagdish P Singh
Univariate and multivariate analyses of six rare earth elements [cerium (Ce), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), neodymium (Nd), samarium (Sm), and yttrium (Y)] have been performed using data from laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). Binary mixtures of oxide forms of each rare earth element in an Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> matrix with their concentrations varying from 1% to 10% by weight in powder form were used as working samples for univariate analysis. For multivariate analysis, complex mixtures of oxides of all these six rare earth elements and Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> in powder form, where the concentration of each element oxide was varied from 1% to 50% by weight one by one, were used to record LIBS spectra...
March 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373151/neuroprotective-effect-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-in-a-rat-model-of-experimental-diabetic-neuropathy
#20
Rezvan Najafi, Asieh Hosseini, Habib Ghaznavi, Saeed Mehrzadi, Ali M Sharifi
OBJECTIVE: Neuropathies are a nerve disorders that caused by diabetes. Neuropathy affects over 50% of diabetic patients. High blood glucose and their toxic byproducts are the main causes for nerve dysfunction. In the present study, we examined the neroprotective effects of cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles in diabetic rats. METHOD: Rats divided into four groups: control group, diabetic group, the diabetic group treated with CeO2 nanoparticle at a dose of 65mg/kg and diabetic group received CeO2 nanoparticle at a dose of 85mg/kg...
March 31, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
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