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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098539/incidence-of-norovirus-associated-diarrhea-shanghai-china-2012-2013
#1
Jianxing Yu, Chuchu Ye, Shengjie Lai, Weiping Zhu, Zike Zhang, Qibin Geng, Caoyi Xue, Weizhong Yang, Shuyu Wu, Aron J Hall, Qiao Sun, Zhongjie Li
We conducted sentinel-based surveillance for norovirus in the Pudong area of Shanghai, China, during 2012-2013, by analyzing 5,324 community surveys, 408,024 medical records, and 771 laboratory-confirmed norovirus infections among 3,877 diarrhea cases. Our analysis indicated an outpatient incidence of 1.5/100 person-years and a community incidence of 8.9/100 person-years for norovirus-associated diarrhea.
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098225/the-impacts-of-air-pollution-on-maternal-stress-during-pregnancy
#2
Yanfen Lin, Leilei Zhou, Jian Xu, Zhongcheng Luo, Haidong Kan, Jinsong Zhang, Chonghuai Yan, Jun Zhang
To investigate the association of air pollution with maternal stress during pregnancy, we enrolled 1,931 women during mid-to-late pregnancy in Shanghai in 2010. The "Life-Event Scale for Pregnant Women" and "Symptom-Checklist-90-Revised Scale" (SCL-90-R) were used to evaluate life event stress and emotional stress, respectively. Air pollution data were collected for each district where pregnant women lived during pregnancy. We associated ambient air pollution with stress scores using multivariable logistic regression models...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097815/urinary-bisphenol-a-concentration-and-risk-of-central-obesity-in-chinese-adults-a-prospective-study
#3
Mingli Hao, Lin Ding, Liping Xuan, Tiange Wang, Mian Li, Zhiyun Zhao, Jieli Lu, Yu Xu, Yuhong Chen, Weiqing Wang, Yufang Bi, Min Xu, Guang Ning
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have associated bisphenol A (BPA) exposure with diabetes and related metabolic disorders such as obesity. Study regarding association of urinary BPA concentrations with central obesity risk is limited. We aimed to prospectively investigate the association of urinary BPA with incident central obesity in a Chinese population aged 40 years and above. METHODS: 888 participants who were not central obese at baseline in 2009 were followed for 4 years in Shanghai, China...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094471/cleanable-air-filter-transferring-moisture-and-effectively-capturing-pm2-5
#4
Xinglei Zhao, Yuyao Li, Ting Hua, Pan Jiang, Xia Yin, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
The lethal danger of particulate matter (PM) pollution on health leads to the development of challenging individual protection materials that should ideally exhibit a high PM2.5 purification efficiency, low air resistance, an important moisture-vapor transmission rate (MVTR), and an easy-to-clean property. Herein, a cleanable air filter able to rapidly transfer moisture and efficiently capture PM2.5 is designed by electrospinning superhydrophilic polyacrylonitrile/silicon-dioxide fibers as the adsorption-desorption vector for moisture-vapor, and hydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride fibers as the repellent components to avoid the formation of capillary water under high humidity...
January 17, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089641/current-outcomes-of-one-stage-surgical-correction-for-berry-syndrome
#5
Renjie Hu, Wen Zhang, Xinrong Liu, Wei Dong, Hongbin Zhu, Haibo Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Berry syndrome is a combination of distal aortopulmonary window (APW), aortic origin of the right pulmonary artery (RPA), intact ventricular septum, and interrupted aortic arch. We present here our current experience of primary repair of this syndrome with the goal of optimizing treatment for this rare condition. METHODS: From January 2003 through December 2015, 16 infants with Berry syndrome underwent one-stage repair at Shanghai Children's Medical Center...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078517/semivolatile-organic-compounds-in-surface-microlayer-and-subsurface-water-of-dianshan-lake-shanghai-china-implications-for-accumulation-and-interrelationship
#6
Ming-Hong Wu, Xue-Xia Yang, Gang Xu, Chen-Jing Que, Si-Han Ma, Liang Tang
Semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in surface microlayer (SML) and subsurface water (SSW) from Dianshan Lake were studied to investigate their occurrence, distributions, as well as enrichment and potential sources. A sample was concentrated by solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME). Identification and quantification were carried out by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Total SVOCs concentrations ranged from 25.93 to 47.49 μg/L in SSW and 38.19 to 77.23 μg/L in SML. The phthalic acid esters (PAE) concentrations in both SSW and SML are the highest of the total SVOC...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077027/probabilistic-acute-risk-assessment-of-cumulative-exposure-to-organophosphorus-and-carbamate-pesticides-from-dietary-vegetables-and-fruits-in-shanghai-populations
#7
Fan Li, Yaqun Yuan, Pai Meng, Min Wu, Shuguang Li, Bo Chen
Organophosphorus (OPs) and carbamate pesticides (CPs) are among the most widely used pesticides in China, playing a major role in protecting agricultural commodities. In this study, we determined the cumulative acute exposure to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides of Shanghai residents from vegetables and fruits (VFs). The food consumption data were obtained from the Shanghai Food Consumption Survey (SHFCS) of 2012-2014 including a total of 1973 participants aged 2-90 years. The pesticide residue data were obtained from the Shanghai monitoring program during 2008-2011 with 34 organophosphates and 11 carbamates analyzed in a total of 5335 samples of VFs...
January 12, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074059/school-environment-and-policies-child-eating-behavior-and-overweight-obesity-in-urban-china-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#8
P Jia, M Li, H Xue, L Lu, F Xu, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rising rapidly in China, especially in urban areas. Knowledge about how school environment and policies (SEP) may have contributed to the epidemic remains limited. We examined SEP and their associations with students' eating behaviors and overweight/obesity in urban China. METHODS: Data were collected from 1648 students (plus their parents and schools) in 16 primary and middle schools (4 schools/per city) in four mega-cities across China: Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072796/incidence-of-spontaneous-resorption-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-meta-analysis
#9
Ming Zhong, Jin-Tao Liu, Hong Jiang, Wen Mo, Peng-Fei Yu, Xiao-Chun Li, Rui Rui Xue
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH), a common disease, is often treated conservatively, frequently resulting in spontaneous resorption of the herniated disc. The incidence of this phenomenon, however, remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of spontaneous resorption after conservative treatment of LDH using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review of cohort studies...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072718/private-ownership-of-primary-care-providers-associated-with-patient-perceived-quality-of-care-a-comparative-cross-sectional-survey-in-three-big-chinese-cities
#10
Xiaolin Wei, Jia Yin, Samuel Y S Wong, Sian M Griffiths, Guanyang Zou, Leiyu Shi
Ownership of primary care providers varies in different cities in China. Shanghai represented the full public ownership model of primary providers; Shenzhen had public-owned but private-operated providers; and Hong Kong represented the full private ownership. The study aims to assess the association of primary care ownership and patient perceived quality of care in 3 Chinese megacities.We conducted multistage stratified random surveys in 2013 in the 3 cities. Quality scores of primary care were measured using the validated primary care assessment tools...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072445/a-joint-analytic-method-for-estimating-aquitard-hydraulic-parameters
#11
Chao Zhuang, Zhifang Zhou, Walter A Illman
The vertical hydraulic conductivity (Kv ), elastic (Sske ), and inelastic (Sskv ) skeletal specific storage of aquitards are three of the most critical parameters in land subsidence investigations. Two new analytic methods are proposed to estimate the three parameters. The first analytic method is based on a new concept of delay time ratio for estimating Kv and Sske of an aquitard subject to long-term stable, cyclic hydraulic head changes at boundaries. The second analytic method estimates the Sskv of the aquitard subject to linearly declining hydraulic heads at boundaries...
January 10, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067474/association-between-serum-ca-19-9-and-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Du Rui, Cheng Di, Lin Lin, Sun Jichao, Peng Kui, Xu Yu, Xu Min, Chen Yuhong, Bi Yufang, Wang Weiqing, Lu Jieli, Ning Guang
BACKGROUND: Rising evidence suggested that serum carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 was associated with abnormal glucose metabolism. However, data on the association between CA 19-9 and metabolic syndrome is limited. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the association between serum CA 19-9 and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 3641 participants aged 40 years or older from the Songnan community, Baoshan district in Shanghai...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066593/diagnostic-performance-of-core-needle-biopsy-in-identifying-breast-phyllodes-tumors
#13
Zhi-Rui Zhou, Chen-Chen Wang, Xiang-Jie Sun, Zhao-Zhi Yang, Xiao-Li Yu, Xiao-Mao Guo
BACKGROUND: A retrospective analysis of diagnoses was performed in patients with phyllodes tumors of the breast (PTB) who received preoperative core needle biopsy (CNB) and had breast surgery at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from January 1, 2002 to April 1, 2013. The resulting data allowed us to compare the accordance between CNB and excision diagnoses of PTB patients and evaluate the accuracy of CNB in preoperative diagnosis. METHODS: Data from 128 patients with PTB who had undergone preoperative CNB and breast surgery were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065789/choline-kinase-alpha-mediates-interactions-between-the-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-and-mtorc2-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-to-promote-drug-resistance-and-xenograft-tumor-progression
#14
Xi-Meng Lin, Liang Hu, Jin Gu, Ruo-Yu Wang, Liang Li, Jing Tang, Bao-Hua Zhang, Xing-Zhou Yan, Yan-Jing Zhu, Cong-Li Hu, Wei-Ping Zhou, Shao Li, Jing-Feng Liu, Frank J Gonzalez, Meng-Chao Wu, Hong-Yang Wang, Lei Chen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Choline kinase alpha (CHKA) catalyzes conversion of choline to phosphocholine and can contribute to carcinogenesis. Little is known about the role of CHKA in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We performed whole-exome and transcriptome sequence analyses of 9 paired HCC and non-tumor adjacent tissues. We performed tissue chip analyses of 120 primary HCC and non-tumor adjacent tissues from patients who received surgery in Shanghai, China from January 2006 through December 2009; 48 sets of specimens (HCC and non-tumor adjacent tissues) were also analyzed...
January 5, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063899/maternal-serum-concentrations-of-perfluoroalkyl-acids-in-five-international-birth-cohorts
#15
Christian Bjerregaard-Olesen, Rossana Bossi, Zeyan Liew, Manhai Long, Bodil H Bech, Jørn Olsen, Tine B Henriksen, Vivian Berg, Therese H Nøst, Jun J Zhang, Eva C Bonefeld-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are persistent and bioaccumulating compounds, which are spread all over the globe. We aimed to compare the PFAA concentrations in serum from pregnant women in five birth cohorts from four countries (Denmark, China, Norway, and Greenland). METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from the following five birth cohorts including a total of 4718 pregnant women: the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC, years 1996-2002, Denmark), the Aarhus Birth Cohort (ABC, years 2008-2013, Denmark), the Shanghai Birth Cohort (SBC, years 2013-2015, China), the Northern Norway Mother-Child Contaminant Cohort (MISA, years 2007-2009, Norway), and the Greenlandic Birth Cohort (ACCEPT, years 2010-2013, Greenland)...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061819/association-between-a-syndemic-of-psychosocial-problems-and-unprotected-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shanghai-china
#16
Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Mengmeng Jia, Ajuan Liang, Dong Yuan, Zhe Sun, Feng Gan, Yichen Wang, Yong Cai, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have discussed the overlapping and reinforcing effects (defined as a syndemic) of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM). The present study aimed to apply the syndemic theory to verify the reinforcing effects of psychosocial problems on unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among MSM in Shanghai, and determine if other important psychosocial factors fit into the syndemic theory. METHODS: Data were collected from 547 MSM in Shanghai, China, through face-to-face interviews...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060087/analysis-of-postoperative-bleeding-after-posterior-pharyngeal-flap-pharyngoplasty
#17
Teng Wan, Guomin Wang, Yusheng Yang, Yang Chen, Yong Zhang, Yun Liang, Yilai Wu
The aim of this study was to analyze the location and cause of postoperative bleeding after posterior pharyngeal flap pharyngoplasty and to investigate the surgical techniques with the goal of treating the bleeding. The patients received posterior pharyngeal flap pharyngoplasty in the Cleft Lip and Palate Treatment and Research Center of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from January 2003 to December 2014, and postoperative bleeding in the surgical area was retrospectively analyzed. According to the record of the exploration of hemostasis, the locations and causes of the bleeding were summarized...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058019/clinical-features-of-acute-hepatitis-e-super-infections-on-chronic-hepatitis-b
#18
Chong Chen, Shu-Ye Zhang, Dan-Dan Zhang, Xin-Yan Li, Yu-Ling Zhang, Wei-Xia Li, Jing-Jing Yan, Min Wang, Jing-Na Xun, Chuan Lu, Yun Ling, Yu-Xian Huang, Liang Chen
AIM: To examine the clinical features and risk factors for adverse outcomes in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) superimposed with hepatitis E virus (HEV). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 228 patients with acute HEV infection (showing clinical acute hepatitis symptomology and positivity for anti-HEV immunoglobulin M) with underlying CHB (confirmed by positivity for hepatitis B surface antigen and/or hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA over 6 mo) who had been admitted to the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, which represents the regional tertiary hospital for infectious diseases in Shanghai city, China...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057448/improved-cryotolerance-and-developmental-competence-of-human-oocytes-matured-in-vitro-by-transient-hydrostatic-pressure-treatment-prior-to-vitrification
#19
Ruihuan Gu, Yun Feng, Song Guo, Shen Zhao, Xiaowei Lu, Jing Fu, Xiaoxi Sun, Yijuan Sun
BACKGROUND: At present, the metaphase II (MII) oocytes have a very special structure that leads to complex difficulties associated with its vitrification, and their efficacy still needs a large amount of study to observe. The present study was to investigate whether transient hydrostatic pressure (THP), which was utilized for oocytes before vitrification, had positive effect on the oocytes' developmental ability and reactive oxygen species, and had no damage on meiotic spindle, zona pellucida, and DNA copy number...
January 2, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057314/influencing-factors-for-sleep-quality-among-shift-working-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study-in-china-using-3-factor-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index
#20
Li Zhang, Dong-Mei Sun, Chang-Bing Li, Min-Fang Tao
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify influencing factors for sleep quality among shift-working nurses based on a three-factor scoring model that included sleep efficacy, sleep quality and daily dysfunction. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 513 nurses in a hospital in Shanghai, China, was conducted using a self-reported questionnaire. Sleep quality was measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Data were analyzed based on the three-factor PSQI model: Factor 1, sleep efficacy; Factor 2, sleep quality; Factor 3, daily disturbances...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
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