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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345671/why-an-italian-astrophysicist-decided-to-move-to-shanghai
#1
Jamie Fullerton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343261/prenatal-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-and-childhood-atopic-dermatitis-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#2
Qian Chen, Rong Huang, Li Hua, Yifeng Guo, Lisu Huang, Yanjun Zhao, Xia Wang, Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been reported to suppress immune function. However, previous studies on prenatal exposure to PFASs and allergic disorders in offspring provided inconsistent results. We aimed to examine the association between prenatal exposure to PFASs and childhood atopic dermatitis (AD) in offspring up to 24 months of age. METHODS: A prospective birth cohort study involving 1056 pregnant women was conducted in two hospitals in Shanghai from 2012 to 2015...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342992/-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-of-premature-ventricular-contractions-in-children-under-carto3-system-a-retrospective-study-from-one-single-center
#3
W Ji, J J Wu, Y J Qian, Y W Chen, L J Fu, J Shen, F Li
Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect and summarize the experience of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for children suffered from premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). Methods: This retrospective study was conducted by descriptive analysis. A total of 108 cases with frequent PVCs from Shanghai Children's Medical Center were treated with RFCA under the guidance of CARTO3 system from January 2011 to December 2016. The immediate success rate of the procedure, the recurrence rate and the perioperative complications were summarized...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342453/fine-particulate-air-pollution-and-the-expression-of-micrornas-and-circulating-cytokines-relevant-to-inflammation-coagulation-and-vasoconstriction
#4
Renjie Chen, Huichu Li, Jing Cai, Cuicui Wang, Zhijing Lin, Cong Liu, Yue Niu, Zhuohui Zhao, Weihua Li, Haidong Kan
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a key factor in epigenetic regulation of gene expression, but miRNA responses to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and their potential contribution to cardiovascular effects of PM2.5 are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We explored the potential influence of PM2.5 on the expression of selected cytokines relevant to systemic inflammation, coagulation, and vasoconstriction, and on miRNAs that may regulate their expression. METHODS: We designed a double-blind, randomized crossover study in which true and sham air purifiers were used to expose 55 healthy young adult students in Shanghai, China, to reduced or ambient levels of indoor PM2...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339295/characteristics-of-clinical-and-environmental-vanm-carrying-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-isolates-from-an-infected-patient
#5
Gensheng Zhang, Xiuhui Lin, Jiachang Cai, Rong Zhang, Huiqing Xiu, Baoping Tian, Wei Cui
vanM, an uncommon glycopeptide resistance gene, was first identified in an Enterococcus faecium isolate from Shanghai, China in 2006 and has been predominant in this city since 2011. We isolated a vanM-carrying E. faecium from bloodstream of a patient in an intensive care unit (ICU) in Hangzhou, China in 2014. Further surveillance screening of a rectal swab and environmental surfaces of the patient yielded a large number of vanM-positive E. faecium. These isolates (including 1 from bloodstream, 1 from the rectal swab, and 43 representatives from environmental samples) were classified into 4 PFGE patterns and 2 sequence types (ST78 and ST564)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335178/bone-lead-levels-in-an-environmentally-exposed-elderly-population-in-shanghai-china
#6
Aaron J Specht, Yanfen Lin, Jian Xu, Marc Weisskopf, Linda H Nie
This study looked at measurements of lead (Pb) in a pilot population of environmentally exposed elderly residents of Shanghai, China and presented the first set of bone Pb data on an elderly Chinese population. We found that with environmental exposures in this population using K-shell x-ray fluorescence (KXRF) bone Pb measurements 40% of the individuals had bone Pb levels above the nominal detection limit with an average bone lead level of 4.9 ± 3.6 μg/g. This bone lead level is lower than comparable values from previous studies of community dwelling adults in US cities...
January 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335085/-impact-of-transition-readiness-on-quality-of-life-in-children-with-chronic-diseases
#7
Jia-Li Ma, Nan Sheng, Wen-Wen Ding, Ying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current quality of life in children with chronic diseases, and to explore the impact of transition readiness on quality of life. METHODS: A total of 332 children with chronic diseases from two children's hospitals in Shanghai, China were enrolled. A self-designed demographic questionnaire, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales (PedsQLTM 4.0), and Self-Management and Transition to Adulthood with Rx=Treatment (STARx) Questionnaire were used to evaluate transition readiness and quality of life...
January 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334709/-molecular-epidemiological-study-of-human-coronavirus-oc43-in-shanghai-from-2009-2016
#8
Y J Yang, Y W Hu
Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of Human coronavirus (HCoV), the patterns of emergence and circulation, and the genotype distribution of human coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43) from November, 2009 to April, 2016 in Shanghai. Methods: A total of 6 059 respiratory specimens, including pharyngeal swab, sputum, nasopharyngeal aspirates and alveolar lavage fluid, as well as relative clinical data were collected from patients with acute respiratory infections from seven sentinel hospitals during November, 2009 to April, 2016 in Shanghai...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334560/proposed-modification-of-the-8th-edition-of-the-ajcc-staging-system-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#9
Si Shi, Jie Hua, Chen Liang, Qingcai Meng, Dingkong Liang, Jin Xu, Quanxing Ni, Xianjun Yu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to improve the 8th edition (8th) of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). BACKGROUND: The new 8th AJCC staging system for PDAC was released in October, 2016, and will be applied in clinical practice in 2018. METHODS: Two large cohorts were included in this analysis. One consisted of 45,856 PDAC patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2004-2014), and the other consisted of 3166 PDAC patients in the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC) database (2005-2015)...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333647/effect-of-sleep-duration-diet-and-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-overweight-elementary-school-students-in-shanghai
#10
Jing Zhang, YunTing Zhang, YanRui Jiang, WanQi Sun, Qi Zhu, Patrick Ip, DongLan Zhang, ShiJian Liu, Chang Chen, Jie Chen, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, MingYu Tang, WenFang Dong, YuFeng Wu, Yong Yin, Fan Jiang
BACKGROUND: This was a cross-sectional survey to investigate the relationship of age, parent education, sleep duration, physical activity, and dietary habits with overweight or obesity in school-age children in Shanghai. METHODS: The survey gathered information from 13,001 children in grades 1 through 5 (age 6 to 10 years) among 26 elementary schools in 7 districts. Activity level was evaluated using the International Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire (CLASS-C)...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332782/long-distance-nonstop-neonatal-transport-from-shanghai-china-to-genoa-italy
#11
Carlo Bellini, Simona Serveli, Luigi A, Pietro M, Daniele S, Luca A Ramenghi, Tiziana Cinti, Francesco Campone
The purpose of this article is to describe the long-distance, nonstop intercontinental transport of a severely ill, mechanically ventilated newborn from Shanghai, China, to Genoa, Italy focusing in particular on the clinical and planning difficulties. The aircraft equipment, the assessment and preparation for transport are discussed.
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332670/reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-in-chinese-kindergartners
#12
Tony Xing Tan, Yan Wang, Charissa Siew Lyng Cheah, Guang-Heng Wang
The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) is widely used in clinical settings to screen for sleep problems in children aged 4-10 years. Existing studies on children in different cultures have included children across a wide age range and results have raised questions about CSHQ's psychometric quality. Our study addressed some of the limitations of existing studies by focusing on Chinese children within a much narrower age range of 4-5 years old. We tested the reliability and construct validity of the CSHQ in children living in Shanghai, China...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329901/effects-of-orthokeratology-on-axial-length-growth-in-myopic-anisometropes
#13
Zhi Chen, Jiaqi Zhou, Xiaomei Qu, Xingtao Zhou, Feng Xue
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of orthokeratology (ortho-k) lens wear on axial length (AL) growth in juvenile myopic anisometropes. METHODS: This retrospective study consisted of two parts. In Part One, 25 anisometropic participants (mean age, 11.2 ± 1.9 years; 11 females and 14 males) were fitted with ortho-k lenses in the more myopic eye only, and the rate of AL growth was compared between the ortho-k lens wearing eye and the untreated contralateral eye over an average period of 23...
January 10, 2018: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329617/dna-detection-of-trypanosoma-evansi-diagnostic-validity-of-a-new-assay-based-on-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp
#14
Qunbo Tong, Rui Chen, Qingming Kong, Julie Goossens, Magdalena Radwanska, Di Lou, Jianzu Ding, Bin Zheng, Yixiu Fu, Tianping Wang, Magez Stefan, Shaohong Lu
Trypanosoma evansi (T. evansi) is the most widely spread pathogenic trypanosome in the world. The control of trypanosomiasis depends on accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. Focusing on the presence of T. evansi in Asia, we developed a detection assay based on tracing phosphate ions (Pi) generated during LAMP targeting the variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) gene of Rode Trypanozoon antigenic type 1.2 (RoTat 1.2 VSG). The diagnostic potential as well as the use of the assay as a test-of-cure method after berenil treatment, was assessed in mice at different time points of infection...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328652/trade-induced-atmospheric-mercury-deposition-over-china-and-implications-for-demand-side-controls
#15
Long Chen, Jing Meng, Sai Liang, Haoran Zhang, Wei Zhang, Maodian Liu, Yindong Tong, Huanhuan Wang, Wei Wang, Xuejun Wang, Jiong Shu
Mercury (Hg) is of global concern because of its adverse effects on humans and the environment. In addition to long-range atmospheric transport, Hg emissions can be geographically relocated through economic trade. Here, we investigate the effect of China's interregional trade on atmospheric Hg deposition over China, using an atmospheric transport model and multiregional input-output analysis. In general, total atmospheric Hg deposition over China is 408.8 Mg yr-1, and 32% of this is embodied in China's interregional trade, with the hotspots occurring over Gansu, Henan, Hebei, and Yunnan provinces...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325993/serum-haptoglobin-in-chinese-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-case-control-study
#16
Cen-Jing Zhu, Guo-Xin Jiang, Jin-Mei Chen, Zhi-Ming Zhou, Qi Cheng
BACKGROUND: Serum level of Haptoglobin (Hp) maybe associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between serum Hp and AD, as well as between Hp and MCI. METHODS: Serum levels of Hp were measured and analyzed for 51 patients with AD, 139 patients with MCI and their healthy controls matched with sex and age. All study subjects were from a survey among residents aged 60 years and over in a community located in the southwest suburb of Shanghai...
January 8, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325277/-effect-of-fuzheng-huayu-capsules-on-survival-rate-of-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#17
X J Ge, C Q Zhao, L M Xu
Objective: To investigate the effect of Fuzheng Huayu capsules on the survival rate of patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of the patients with various types of liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2008. The data collected for these patients included their basic information, diagnosis and treatment, and results of laboratory examination...
November 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325268/-clinical-significance-of-targeting-drug-based-molecular-biomarkers-expression-in-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma
#18
M J Li, H R Li, X Cheng, R Bi, X Y Tu, F Liu, L H Chen
Objective: To assess the expression level of targeting drug-based molecular biomarkers in ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) tissues and its clinical significance. Methods: A total of 63 OCCC patients included 40 primary OCCC and 23 recurrent OCCC for secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCS), who had received primary surgeries at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center between January, 2008 and December, 2015 were enrolled, and immunohistochemistry SP method was used to test human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2), aurora kinase A (AURKA), breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1), BRCA2 and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)protein expression in paraffin-embedded tissues...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321171/sgk1-foxo3-signaling-in-hypothalamic-pomc-neurons-mediates-glucocorticoid-increased-adiposity
#19
Yalan Deng, Yuzhong Xiao, Feixiang Yuan, Yaping Liu, Xiaoxue Jiang, Jiali Deng, Geza Fejes-Toth, Aniko Naray-Fejes-Toth, Shanghai Chen, Yan Chen, Hao Ying, Qiwei Zhai, Yousheng Shu, Feifan Guo
Although central nervous system has been implicated in glucocorticoid-induced fat mass gain, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. The aim of our current study was to investigate the possible involvement of hypothalamic serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) in glucocorticoid-increased adiposity. It is well-known that SGK1 expression is induced by acute glucocorticoid treatment, interestingly, we found its expression was decreased in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, including POMC neurons, following chronic dexamethasone (Dex) treatment...
January 10, 2018: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317585/-influential-factors-of-inpatient-care-among-%C3%A2-residents-in-shanghai
#20
Wentao Zhou, Chunlin Jin, Fen Li, Lesan Wang, Wen Chen, Zhihui Xie
To analyze the influential factors for inpatient care among residents in Shanghai and to provide evidence for health policy.
 Methods: Data were obtained from the Fifth National Health Services Survey, the independent variables were selected based on the framework of Andersen Model, and the two models were used to analyze the determinants-relevant hospitalization probability and the cost among residents in Shanghai.
 Results: The hospitalization rate among permanent residents over 18 years old was 6.1% in 2013 in Shanghai...
December 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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