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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792597/increasing-plant-diversity-with-border-crops-reduces-insecticide-use-and-increases-crop-yield-in-urban-agriculture
#1
Nian-Feng Wan, You-Ming Cai, Yan-Jun Shen, Xiang-Yun Ji, Xiang-Wen Wu, Xiang-Rong Zheng, Wei Cheng, Jun Li, Yao-Pei Jiang, Xin Chen, Jacob Weiner, Jie-Xian Jiang, Ming Nie, Rui-Ting Ju, Tao Yuan, Jian-Jun Tang, Wei-Dong Tian, Hao Zhang, Bo Li
Urban agriculture is making an increasing contribution to food security in large cities around the world. The potential contribution of biodiversity to ecological intensification in urban agricultural systems has not been investigated. We present monitoring data collected from rice fields in 34 community farms in mega-urban Shanghai, China, from 2001 to 2015, and show that the presence of a border crop of soybeans and neighboring crops (maize, eggplant and Chinese cabbage), both without weed control, increased invertebrate predator abundance, decreased the abundance of pests and dependence on insecticides, and increased grain yield and economic profits...
May 24, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792163/different-patterns-of-inflammatory-and-angiogenic-factors-are-associated-with-peritoneal-small-solute-transport-and-peritoneal-protein-clearance-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#2
Yuanyuan Shi, Hao Yan, Jiangzi Yuan, He Zhang, Jiaying Huang, Zhaohui Ni, Jiaqi Qian, Wei Fang
BACKGROUND: Both peritoneal small solute transport and peritoneal protein clearance are closely linked to outcomes in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, the associated factors of these two components are not fully understood so far. This study aimed to investigate the association between a panel of systemic and peritoneal inflammatory and angiogenic factors and peritoneal solute transport properties. METHODS: Stable PD patients in PD center of Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University were enrolled in present study...
May 23, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791470/quality-of-community-basic-medical-service-utilization-in-urban-and-suburban-areas-in-shanghai-from-2009-to-2014
#3
Lijun Guo, Yong Bao, Jun Ma, Shujun Li, Yuyang Cai, Wei Sun, Qiaohong Liu
Urban areas usually display better health care services than rural areas, but data about suburban areas in China are lacking. Hence, this cross-sectional study compared the utilization of community basic medical services in Shanghai urban and suburban areas between 2009 and 2014. These data were used to improve the efficiency of community health service utilization and to provide a reference for solving the main health problems of the residents in urban and suburban areas of Shanghai. Using a two-stage random sampling method, questionnaires were completed by 73 community health service centers that were randomly selected from six districts that were also randomly selected from 17 counties in Shanghai...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790656/clinical-characteristics-and-validation-of-bronchiectasis-severity-score-systems-for-post-tuberculosis-bronchiectasis
#4
Hong Wang, Xiao-Bin Ji, Cheng-Wei Li, Hai-Wen Lu, Bei Mao, Shuo Liang, Ke-Bin Cheng, Jiu-Wu Bai, Miguel Angel Martinez-Garcia, Jin-Fu Xu
INTRODUCTION: Lung damage related to tuberculosis is a major contributor to the etiology of bronchiectasis in China. It is unknown whether bronchiectasis severity score systems are applicable in these cases. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and validation of bronchiectasis severity score systems for post-tuberculosis bronchiectasis. METHODS: The study enrolled 596 bronchiectasis patients in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital between January 2011 and December 2012...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790062/analysis-of-pulse-signals-based-on-array-pulse-volume
#5
Ji Cui, Li-Ping Tu, Jian-Feng Zhang, Shao-Liang Zhang, Zhi-Feng Zhang, Jia-Tuo Xu
OBJECTIVE: To collect and analyze multi-dimensional pulse diagram features with the array sensor of a pressure profile system (PPS) and study the characteristic parameters of the new multi-dimensional pulse diagram by pulse diagram analysis technology. METHODS: The pulse signals at the Guan position of left wrist were acquired from 105 volunteers at the Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. We obtained the pulse data using an array sensor with 3×4 channels...
May 22, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783825/-clinical-and-molecular-analysis-of-two-chinese-siblings-with-bloom-syndrome
#6
M L Wu, X M Wang, J Li, Y Ding, Y Chen, G Y Chang, J Wang, Y P Shen
Objective: To expand the knowledge of the clinical and molecular characteristics of the children with Bloom syndrome. Methods: Clinical data of two siblings with classic Bloom syndrome of Shanghai Children's Medical Center from January 2009 to June 2017 were obtained and analyzed. The DNA of peripheral blood was collected from two Bloom syndrome siblings and their parents during 2015. The mutations were detected with high-throughput sequencing by Illumina sequencing platform. Results: The two siblings (probands) visited our department for short stature and growth retardation, they had full-term normal delivery after normal pregnancy of their mother...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783818/-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-combined-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-failure
#7
Y P Zhou, J Y Shi, F Wang, Y Cui, T T Xu, C X Wang, Y C Zhang
Objective: To explore the effectiveness and safety of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) combined with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) on rescuing pediatric patients with cardiopulmonary failure. Methods: The medical records of patients treated with ECMO admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in Shanghai Children's Hospital from December 2015 to November 2017 were retrospectively extracted. There were 14 patients treated with ECMO combined with CRRT (ECMO+ CRRT group) due to acute kidney injury (AKI) or fluid overload, while 11 cases treated with ECMO only...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783803/-application-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-patients-with-melanoma
#8
M Ren, Y Y Kong, X Cai, X X Shen, J J Lyu
Objective: To investigate the difference between routine hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry in diagnosing metastatic melanoma in sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases, and to evaluate the association of SLN tumor burden with the status of non-sentinel lymph nodes (NSLN). Methods: 126 melanoma patients were treated with SLN biopsy and further examined with immunohistochemistry at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center between 2010 and 2016, and the status of SLN was respectively estimated by HE stain and immunohistochemistry (S-100 protein, HMB45, Melan A and SOX10)...
May 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782508/parent-and-caregiver-perceptions-about-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-foreign-and-domestic-vaccines-in-shanghai-china
#9
Zhuoying Huang, Xiaodong Sun, Abram L Wagner, Jia Ren, Matthew L Boulton, Lisa A Prosser, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Chinese parents have access to domestic and foreign vaccines for their children. Their vaccine preferences are unclear, especially given recent pharmaceutical quality scandals and widely held beliefs deriving from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). This study characterized parental beliefs about the safety and effectiveness of Chinese and foreign vaccines. METHODS: In May 2014, caregivers of young children at public immunization clinics in Shanghai, China, responded to a survey on vaccine perceptions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781825/prognostic-value-of-serum-ca19-9-and-perioperative-ca-125-levels-in-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma
#10
Jun Zhu, Long Jiang, Hao Wen, Rui Bi, Xiaohua Wu, Xingzhu Ju
BACKGROUND: There are no effective biomarkers for surveillance in ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC), and the value of carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA-125) is limited. We sought to determine the value of both carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) and CA-125 levels postoperatively on the prognosis for OCCC. METHODS: A total of 130 patients with OCCC who were consecutively treated by cytoreduction at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center were reviewed retrospectively...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781736/comparison-of-real-world-effectiveness-between-valsartan-and-non-ras-inhibitor-monotherapy-on-the-incidence-of-new-diabetes-in-chinese-hypertensive-patients-an-electronic-health-recording-system-based-study
#11
Tian Shen, Jiwei Wang, Yingjun Yu, Jinming Yu
This study aimed to compare the real-world effectiveness of valsartan and non renin-angiotensin system (non-RAS) agent monotherapy on the incidence of new on-set diabetes (NOD) in Chinese hypertensive patients. It was based on an electronic Health Recording System database from Minhang District of Shanghai. Hypertensive patients aged ≥18 years continuously taking either valsartan or non-RAS agent monotherapy for >12 months were included. Hazard ratios (HR) of NOD events were estimated using propensity score matching method and multivariate regression...
May 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779711/mortality-prediction-system-for-heart-failure-with-orthogonal-relief-and-dynamic-radius-means
#12
Zhe Wang, Lijuan Yao, Dongdong Li, Tong Ruan, Min Liu, Ju Gao
OBJECTIVE: This paper constructs a mortality prediction system based on a real-world dataset. This mortality prediction system aims to predict mortality in heart failure (HF) patients. Effective mortality prediction can improve resources allocation and clinical outcomes, avoiding inappropriate overtreatment of low-mortality patients and discharging of high-mortality patients. This system covers three mortality prediction targets: prediction of in-hospital mortality, prediction of 30-day mortality and prediction of 1-year mortality...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779312/-the-safety-and-effect-of-transhepatic-hilar-approach-for-the-treatment-of-bismuth-type-%C3%A2-and-%C3%A2-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#13
M He, H L Wang, J Y Yan, S W Xu, W Chen, J Wang
Objective: To compare the efficiency between the transhepatic hilar approach and conventional approach for the surgical treatment of Bismuth type Ⅲ and Ⅳ hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: There were 42 consecutive patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma of Bismuth type Ⅲ and Ⅳ who underwent surgical treatment at Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University from January 2008 to December 2013.The transhepatic hilar approach was used in 19 patients and conventional approach was performed in 23 patients...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778811/associations-between-daily-outpatient-visits-for-respiratory-diseases-and-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-and-ozone-levels-in-shanghai-china
#14
Yiyi Wang, Yaqun Zu, Lin Huang, Hongliang Zhang, Changhui Wang, Jianlin Hu
Air pollution in China has been very serious during the recent decades. However, few studies have investigated the effects of short-term exposure to PM2.5 and O3 on daily outpatient visits for respiratory diseases. We examined the effects of PM2.5 and O3 on the daily outpatient visits for respiratory diseases, explored the sensitivities of different population subgroups and analyzed the relative risk (RR) of PM2.5 and O3 in different seasons in Shanghai during 2013-2016. The generalized linear model (GLM) was applied to analyze the exposure-response relationship between air pollutants (daily average PM2...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777830/occurrence-spatial-distribution-and-seasonal-variation-of-emerging-trace-organic-pollutants-in-source-water-for-shanghai-china
#15
Sainan Sun, Yanan Chen, Yujin Lin, Dong An
The long-term low concentrations of trace "contaminants of emerging concern" (CECs) can have potential toxic effects on human health and serious risks to the ecological environment. This study investigated the occurrence, spatial distributions, and seasonal variations of 65 target CECs, including 35 pesticides, 17 antibiotics, 7 microcystins, 5 estrogens, and 1 plasticizers in Shanghai's source water. The detected pesticides and antibiotics of sulfonamides and macrolides were relatively ubiquitous in source water of Shanghai, with levels decreasing in the following order: pesticides (average (avg...
May 16, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777608/osteocalcin-value-to-identify-subclinical-atherosclerosis-over-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-ascvd-risk-score-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-asymptomatic-men
#16
Yiting Xu, Xiaojing Ma, Qin Xiong, Xueli Zhang, Yun Shen, Yuqian Bao
BACKGROUND: Our study examined whether osteocalcin contributed to identifying carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) over the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score. METHODS: We recruited 618 middle-aged and elderly men from communities in Shanghai. Serum osteocalcin levels were determined using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. C-IMT was measured by ultrasonography. RESULTS: The study included 245 men with low ASCVD risk and 373 men with moderate-to-high ASCVD risk...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777546/evaluating-links-among-shyness-peer-relations-and-internalizing-problems-in-chinese-young-adolescents
#17
Junsheng Liu, Julie C Bowker, Robert J Coplan, Panpan Yang, Dan Li, Xinyin Chen
This study evaluates a model linking shyness, aspects of peer relations, and internalizing problems among young adolescents in the People's Republic of China. Participants were 547 young adolescents from Shanghai, China (46% boys; Mage  = 10.35 years, SD = 0.77 years) who completed peer nominations of shyness, rejection, and victimization, and self-report measures of loneliness, depression, and friendship support. Analyses demonstrated that peer difficulties (rejection, victimization) mediated the associations between shyness and internalizing problems...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775084/health-state-utilities-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-china
#18
Yunjie Shen, Bin Wu, Xiaohui Wang, Jun Zhu
AIM: Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading global health threat that impairs patient health outcomes. Health state utilities are fundamental values in economic evaluation and significantly vary across countries. Given the scarce data on the Chinese population, the current study measured utility values in the Chinese patients with NSCLC. METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional survey of patients with advanced NSCLC at the Shanghai Chest Hospital...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774777/current-research-status-of-palliative-care-in-mainland-china
#19
Tao Wang, Alex Molassiotis, Betty Pui Man Chung, Jing-Yu Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to obtain an overview of the current research status of palliative care in Mainland China and identify research directions for future studies by characterizing palliative care studies conducted among patients with any life-limiting illness in Mainland China and published in a peer-reviewed journal before November 2016. METHODS: A review guide with 7 categories was initially developed based on existing international palliative care definitions and guidelines through content analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773699/comparison-of-the-effect-of-immediate-versus-delayed-transfer-following-a-stimulated-ivf-cycle-on-the-ongoing-pregnancy-rate-of-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-cycles-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
He Li, Lu Li, Xiang Lu, Xiaoxi Sun, Ernest Hung Yu Ng
INTRODUCTION: Frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) has become an increasingly important part of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment. Currently, there is still no good scientific evidence to support when to perform FET following a stimulated IVF cycle. Since all published studies are retrospective and the findings are contradictory, a randomised controlled study is needed to provide Level 1 evidence to guide the clinical practice. METHODS/ANALYSIS: This is a randomised controlled trial...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
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