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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805490/low-employment-and-low-willingness-of-being-reemployed-in-chinese-working-age-maintained-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Bihong Huang, Bihong Lai, Ling Xu, Ying Wang, Yanpei Cao, Ping Yan, Jing Chen
AIM: Returning to society plays an important role in improving the quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, and retention of employment is one of the core enablers. The study is to assess the employment status and to determine the variables for unemployment in Chinese MHD patients. METHODS: Prevalent MHD patients from four dialysis centers in Shanghai China were enrolled. We assessed patients' employment status, current social functioning, hemodialysis modality, annual income and general health condition...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797627/a-practical-approach-for-calculating-the-settlement-and-storage-capacity-of-landfills-based-on-the-space-and-time-discretization-of-the-landfilling-process
#2
Wu Gao, Wenjie Xu, Xuecheng Bian, Yunmin Chen
The settlement of any position of the municipal solid waste (MSW) body during the landfilling process and after its closure has effects on the integrity of the internal structure and storage capacity of the landfill. This paper proposes a practical approach for calculating the settlement and storage capacity of landfills based on the space and time discretization of the landfilling process. The MSW body in the landfill was divided into independent column units, and the filling process of each column unit was determined by a simplified complete landfilling process...
August 7, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795662/-evaluation-value-of-the-levels-of-peripheral-blood-cd20-cd24-hi-cd38-hi-regulatory-b-cells-on-the-prognosis-of-elderly-patients-with-sepsis
#3
Chunmei Wang, Lunxian Tang, Huihui Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Jianwen Bai
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predicting value of peripheral blood CD20(+) CD24(hi) CD38(hi) regulatory B cells (Bregs) on the prognosis of elderly patients with sepsis. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. Septic patients aged > 65 years old, compliance with diagnostic criteria for Sepsis-3, admitted to emergency and emergency intensive care unit (ICU) of Shanghai East Hospital of Tongji University from April 2016 to February 2017 were enrolled. Procalcitonin (PCT), C-reaction protein (CRP) and lactate (Lac) were routinely measured...
August 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794425/transmission-is-a-noticeable-cause-of-resistance-among-treated-tuberculosis-patients-in-shanghai-china
#4
Chijioke A Nsofor, Qi Jiang, Jie Wu, Mingyu Gan, Qingyun Liu, Tianyu Zuo, Guofeng Zhu, Qian Gao
It is generally believed that drug resistance among treated tuberculosis (TB) patients is as a result of acquired drug resistance due to inappropriate treatment. Previous studies have shown that primary drug resistance caused by transmission also plays a role among treated cases. Differentiating the two types of drug resistance will help in developing appropriate strategies for control of drug resistant tuberculosis. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that drug resistance among treated TB patients is mainly caused by primary resistance rather than acquired resistance...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794337/determination-of-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-fish-tissues-from-shanghai-seafood-markets-using-a-modified-quechers-method
#5
Yunyun Cui, Zhengquan Wang, Jian Cong, Liping Wang, Yuan Liu, Xichang Wang, Jing Xie
Optimized Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) pretreatment methods for determination of six polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) residues in fish and aquatic invertebrates samples were investigated. Large volume injection (LVI) coupled gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) with selected reaction monitoring (SRM) was used to provide a very sensitive and selective means of analyzing PCBs via internal calibration. Three analytical processes were validated and compared, and the florisil Celite(®)545 pretreatment method was selected...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790354/early-skeletal-muscle-loss-during-target-therapy-is-a-prognostic-biomarker-in-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients
#6
Weijie Gu, Junlong Wu, Xiaohang Liu, Hailiang Zhang, Guohai Shi, Yao Zhu, Dingwei Ye
Skeletal muscle depletion is common in patients with advanced cancer and may be associated with a poor outcome. To investigate whether the changes in skeletal muscle in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients receiving targeted therapy are associated with clinical outcome, we undertook an observational cohort study using data from a number of randomized clinical trials previously conducted at the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. The muscle mass was evaluated by comparing computed tomography images obtained at baseline with those obtained after 3-4 months of treatment...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780547/paediatric-asthma-control-under-a-community-management-model-in-china-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#7
Juan Xu, Yong Yin, Hao Zhang, Wen Wei Zhong, Lei Zhang, Jing Zhang, Shu Hua Yuan, Fen Zhang, Li Xia Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Childhood asthma is globally one of the most common respiratory disorders and accounts for more school absences and more hospitalizations than any other chronic illness. The worldwide economic burden of this disease exceeds those of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis combined. Proper intervention and effective management is of paramount importance for the control and prognosis of paediatric asthma. Unfortunately, the rate of uncontrolled and partially controlled paediatric asthma in China is >90%...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778036/healthy-urban-living-residential-environment-and-health-of-older-adults-in-shanghai
#8
Yafei Liu, Martin Dijst, Jan Faber, Stan Geertman, Can Cui
A healthy residential environment, especially for older adults, has emerged as an important issue on political and planning agenda in China. This paper aims to investigate the direct and indirect impact of residential environment on the health of older adults in Shanghai, taking into account health-related behaviours, subjective well-being and socio-demographic factors in one comprehensive conceptual model. Our results show that the residential environment is associated with older adults' health directly, and also indirectly through a series of significant behavioural (physical and social activities) and perceptual (subjective well-being) factors...
August 1, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776030/urbanization-induced-population-migration-has-reduced-ambient-pm2-5-concentrations-in-china
#9
Huizhong Shen, Shu Tao, Yilin Chen, Philippe Ciais, Burak Güneralp, Muye Ru, Qirui Zhong, Xiao Yun, Xi Zhu, Tianbo Huang, Wei Tao, Yuanchen Chen, Bengang Li, Xilong Wang, Wenxin Liu, Junfeng Liu, Shuqing Zhao
Direct residential and transportation energy consumption (RTC) contributes significantly to ambient fine particulate matter with a diameter smaller than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) in China. During massive rural-urban migration, population and pollutant emissions from RTC have evolved in terms of magnitude and geographic distribution, which was thought to worsen PM2.5 levels in cities but has not been quantitatively addressed. We quantify the temporal trends and spatial patterns of migration to cities and evaluate their associated pollutant emissions from RTC and subsequent health impact from 1980 to 2030...
July 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774565/immunocapture-isotope-dilution-mass-spectrometry-in-response-to-a-pandemic-influenza-threat
#10
Carrie L Pierce, Tracie L Williams, Wanda I Santana, Marnie Levine, Li-Mei Chen, Hans C Cooper, Maria I Solano, Adrian R Woolfitt, Wayne A Marasco, He Fang, Ruben O Donis, John R Barr
As a result of recent advances in mass spectrometry-based protein quantitation methods, these techniques are now poised to play a critical role in rapid formulation of pandemic influenza vaccines. Analytical techniques that have been developed and validated on seasonal influenza strains can be used to increase the quality and decrease the time required to deliver protective pandemic vaccines to the global population. The emergence of a potentially pandemic avian influenza A (H7N9) virus in March of 2013, prompted the US public health authorities and the vaccine industry to initiate production of a pre-pandemic vaccine for preparedness purposes...
July 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774267/two-confirmed-cases-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-with-pneumonia-implication-for-a-family-cluster-in-east-china
#11
Yiyi Zhu, Huanyu Wu, Jie Gao, Xin Zhou, Renyi Zhu, Chunzhe Zhang, Hongling Bai, Abu S Abdullah, Hao Pan
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) was first reported in China in 2011. Human-to-human transmission of the virus occurred occasionally in family clusters. However, pneumonia as an onset syndrome was not common in most SFTS cases. Our aim is to report a family cluster of SFTS with clinical manifestation of pneumonia in Shanghai. METHODS: Epidemiologic investigations were conducted when a family cluster of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) infection was identified in Shanghai in June 2016...
August 3, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769543/linking-anger-trait-with-somatization-in-low-grade-college-students-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#12
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Between 22% and 58% of patients in primary care settings complain of somatic symptoms. Previous research has found that somatization was associated with anger traits and family functions. However, studies that specifically assess the moderating effect of family function in how anger traits become somatic complaints are lacking. AIM: This study was designed to examine whether the variances in family cohesion and family adaptability moderated the strength of the relationship between anger traits and somatization...
February 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768855/inactivated-h7-influenza-virus-vaccines-protect-mice-despite-low-levels-of-neutralizing-antibodies
#13
Ram P Kamal, Kristy Blanchfield, Jessica A Belser, Nedzad Music, Wen-Pin Tzeng, Crystal Holiday, Ashley Burroughs, Xiangjie Sun, Taronna R Maines, Min Z Levine, Ian A York
Avian influenza viruses of the H7 hemagglutinin (HA) subtype present a significant public health threat, as evidenced by the ongoing outbreak of human A(H7N9) infections in China. When evaluated by hemagglutinin inhibition (HI) and micro-neutralization (MN) assays, H7 viruses and vaccines induce lower level of neutralizing antibodies (nAb) than do their seasonal counterparts, making it difficult to develop and evaluate pre-pandemic vaccines. We have previously shown that purified recombinant H7 hemagglutinin (HA) appear to be poorly immunogenic in that they induce low levels of HI and MN antibodies...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768214/estimation-of-disease-burdens-on-preterm-births-and-low-birth-weights-attributable-to-maternal-fine-particulate-matter-exposure-in-shanghai-china
#14
Anni Liu, Naisi Qian, Huiting Yu, Renjie Chen, Haidong Kan
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that maternal exposure to particulate matter ≤2.5μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) was associated with adverse birth outcomes such as preterm birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW). However, the burdens of PTB and LBW attributable to PM2.5 were rarely evaluated, especially in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the burdens of PTBs and LBWs attributable to outdoor PM2.5 in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We collected annual-average PM2...
July 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765555/body-mass-index-waist-to-hip-ratio-and-late-outcomes-a-report-from-the-shanghai-breast-cancer-survival-study
#15
Minlu Zhang, Hui Cai, Pingping Bao, Wanghong Xu, Guoyou Qin, Xiao Ou Shu, Ying Zheng
Obesity has been well studied in relation to breast cancer survival. However, the associations of post-diagnosis obesity and late outcomes (≥5 years after diagnosis) have been much less studied. A total of 4062 5-year disease-free patients were recruited from the Shanghai Breast Cancer Survival Study, a longitudinal study of patients diagnosed during 2002-2006. Cox proportional hazard model with restricted cubic spline were used to evaluate the potential non-linear associations of post-diagnosis body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with late all-cause mortality and late recurrence...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764542/mini-beam-modes-on-standard-mx-beamline-bl17u-at-ssrf
#16
Qisheng Wang, Feng Yu, Ying Cui, Kunhao Zhang, Qiangyan Pan, Changyou Zhong, Ke Liu, Huan Zhou, Bo Sun, Jianhua He
The macromolecular crystallography beamlines at third-generation synchrotron facilities play a central role in solving macromolecular crystal structures and also in understanding the biological function at molecular levels. The MX beamline BL17U at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility is a typical standard MX beamline with a focused beam size (H × V) of FWHM around 80 μm × 45 μm. However the protein samples brought to the beamline are down to 5-10 m from the important and challenging science project now...
July 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764323/lipidccs-prediction-of-collision-cross-section-values-for-lipids-with-high-precision-to-support-ion-mobility-mass-spectrometry-based-lipidomics
#17
Zhiwei Zhou, Jia Tu, Xin Xiong, Xiaotao Shen, Zheng-Jiang Zhu
The use of collision cross-section (CCS) values derived from ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) has been proven to facilitate lipid identifications. Its utility is restricted by the limited available CCS values. Recently, the machine-learning algorithm based prediction (e.g., MetCCS) is reported to generate CCS values in a large-scale. However, the prediction precision is not sufficient to differentiate lipids due to their high structural similarities and subtle differences on CCS values. To address this challenge, we developed a new approach, namely, LipidCCS, to precisely predict lipid CCS values...
August 1, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763917/-analysis-of-the-patterns-of-female-breast-cancer-incidence-in-shanghai-2003-2012
#18
C X Wu, Y Zheng, P P Bao, Z Z Huang, M L Zhang, K Gu, Y M Xiang, P Peng, Y M Gong, W J Zhong
Objective: To analyze the patterns of female breast cancer and their incidence in Shanghai during 2003-2012, and to compare them with international data. Methods: The data of female breast cancer cases diagnosed between 2003 and 2012 were collected from the Shanghai Cancer Registry. The record of cancer cases included the patient's name, gender, date of birth, permanent and residential address, diagnosis site or name, histological type, date of first diagnosis, diagnostic basis and diagnostic stage, etc. Data source of cancer incidence of World, Developed Countries, Developing Countries, East Asia and China in 2012 sourced from GLOBOCAN 2012 database of the WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC); and the data of USA during 2008-2012 was collected from SEER 18 database from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763916/-the-coping-styles-and-its-relationship-with-quality-of-life-among-1-968-female-breast-cancer-patients-in-shanghai-in-2014
#19
Q L Deng, C C Zhao, R Y Hu, J W Wang, J M Yu
Objective: To study the coping styles and its relationship with quality of life among part of the female breast cancer patients in Shanghai in 2014. Methods: In August of 2014, 1-3 block groups affiliated to Shanghai Cancer Rehabilitation Club were selected from each of the 17 districts of Shanghai by convenient sampling method. Respondents were recruited from these block groups via putting up posters in the community or top three hospitals nearby. The inclusion criteria were as follows: female, aged from 18 to 80 years old; the initial diagnosis or primary tumor was breast cancer, and active treatments including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy were finished; capable of basic reading and comprehension, and there was no communication disorder; daily activities were not limited, and with no mental disorder or dysgnosia...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763896/-association-between-serum-uric-acid-levels-and-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Z Y Li, B Liu, Y Ji, X J Zhuang, Y D Shen, H R Tian, L X Li, F Liu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A total of 400 patients who were hospitalized in the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Jinshan Branch, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital between April 2014 and December 2015 were divided into normouricemia (NUA, n=319) group and hyperuricemia (HUA, n=81) group according to the presence of HUA. Clinical features of the two groups were compared...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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