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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550720/development-and-validation-of-an-uplc-uv-method-for-determination-of-a-novel-triazine-coccidiostat-ethanamizuril-and-its-metabolite-m3-in-chicken-tissues
#1
Xiao Zhao, Youfa Xu, Lifang Zhang, Chunmei Wang, Chunna Guo, Chenzhong Fei, Keyu Zhang, Xiaoyang Wang, Yingchun Liu, Mi Wang, Wenli Zheng, Feiqun Xue
Ethanamizuril (EZL) is a novel anti-coccidial triazine synthesized by the Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. As a novel coccidiostat, it is essential to study its residue in food animal tissues. In this study, a reliable UPLC method for the determination of ethanamizuril (EZL) and one of its metabolites (M3) in chicken muscle, skin and fat, liver, and kidney samples was developed. Analytes were extracted using acetonitrile and 10% sodium carbonate solution, defatted by n-hexane, and further purified by using an Oasis MCX cartridge...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550644/high-genetic-diversity-of-giardia-duodenalis-assemblage-e-in-pre-weaned-dairy-calves-in-shanghai-china-revealed-by-multilocus-genotyping
#2
Xiaolan Wang, Min Cai, Wen Jiang, Yuping Wang, Yue Jin, Na Li, Yaqiong Guo, Yaoyu Feng, Lihua Xiao
Giardia duodenalis is a common parasitic protozoan in human and animals. Epidemiological and molecular data are available from dairy cattle in many industrialized countries, but information on genetic diversity at multiple genetic loci is limited, especially in pre-weaned dairy calves. In this study, 818 fecal specimens were collected from five dairy cattle farms located in suburbs of Shanghai, China, with two to five samplings per farm. G. duodenalis assemblages and subtypes were determined using multilocus genotyping (MLG) at the β-giardin (bg), glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh), and triosephosphate isomerase (tpi) loci...
May 26, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550021/effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-neurocognitive-architecture-and-function-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Huajun Xu, Hui Wang, Jian Guan, Hongliang Yi, Yingjun Qian, Jianyin Zou, Yunyan Xia, Yiqun Fu, Xinyi Li, Xiao Jiao, Hengye Huang, Pin Dong, Ziwei Yu, Jun Yang, Mingliang Xiang, Jiping Li, Yanqing Chen, Peihua Wang, Yizhou Sun, Yuehua Li, Xiaojian Zheng, Wei Jia, Shankai Yin
OBJECTIVES: Many clinical studies have indicated that obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), the most common chronic sleep disorder, may affect neurocognitive function, and that treatment for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has some neurocognitive protective effects against the adverse effects of OSA. However, the effects of CPAP treatment on neurocognitive architecture and function remain unclear. Therefore, this multicentre trial was designed to investigate whether and when neurocognitive architecture and function in patients with OSA can be improved by CPAP treatment and to explore the role of gut microbiota in improving neurocognitive function during treatment...
May 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545514/a-coordinated-pcp-cardiologist-telemedicine-model-pctm-in-china-s-community-hypertension-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lei Xu, Wei-Yi Fang, Fu Zhu, Hong-Guang Zhang, Kai Liu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its control rate has remained low worldwide. Studies have found that telemonitoring blood pressure (BP) helped control hypertension in randomized controlled trials. However, little is known about its effect in a structured primary care model in which primary care physicians (PCPs) are partnering with cardiology specialists in electronic healthcare data sharing and medical interventions. This study aims to identify the effects of a coordinated PCP-cardiologist model that applies telemedicine tools to facilitate community hypertension control in China...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544006/morphology-and-phylogeny-of-two-novel-ciliates-arcanisutura-chongmingiensis-n-gen-n-sp-and-naxella-paralucida-n-sp-from-shanghai-china
#5
Wanying Liao, Xinpeng Fan, Qianqian Zhang, Yuan Xu, Fukang Gu
The morphologies of two novel ciliates, Arcanisutura chongmingiensis n. gen., n. sp. and Naxella paralucida n. sp., collected from Shanghai, China, have been investigated using live observation and silver staining methods. Arcanisutura n. gen. can be easily distinguished from related genera by its inconspicuous, oblique anterior suture. Arcanisutura chongmingiensis n. sp. is mainly recognized by its elongated body with a tail-like posterior end, 25-33 somatic kineties, and 4-11 excretory pores. Naxella paralucida n...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535760/disparities-of-time-trends-and-birth-cohort-effects-on-invasive-breast-cancer-incidence-in-shanghai-and-hong-kong-pre-and-post-menopausal-women
#6
Feng Wang, Lap Ah Tse, Wing-Cheong Chan, Carol Chi-Hei Kwok, Siu-Lan Leung, Cherry Wu, Oscar Wai-Kong Mang, Roger Kai-Cheong Ngan, Mengjie Li, Wai-Cho Yu, Koon-Ho Tsang, Sze-Hong Law, Xiaoping Miao, Chunxiao Wu, Ying Zheng, Fan Wu, Xiaohong R Yang, Ignatius Tak-Sun Yu
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer morbidity among Shanghai and Hong Kong women, which contributes to 20-25% of new female cancer incidents. This study aimed to describe the temporal trend of breast cancer and interpret the potential effects on the observed secular trends. METHODS: Cancer incident data were obtained from the cancer registries. Age-standardized incidence rate was computed by the direct method using the World population of 2000...
May 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534844/property-analysis-of-the-real-time-uncalibrated-phase-delay-product-generated-by-regional-reference-stations-and-its-influence-on-precise-point-positioning-ambiguity-resolution
#7
Yong Zhang, Qing Wang, Xinyuan Jiang
The real-time estimation of the wide-lane and narrow-lane Uncalibrated Phase Delay (UPD) of satellites is realized by real-time data received from regional reference station networks; The properties of the real-time UPD product and its influence on real-time precise point positioning ambiguity resolution (RTPPP-AR) are experimentally analyzed according to real-time data obtained from the regional Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) network located in Tianjin, Shanghai, Hong Kong, etc. The results show that the real-time wide-lane and narrow-lane UPD products differ significantly from each other in time-domain characteristics; the wide-lane UPDs have daily stability, with a change rate of less than 0...
May 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534334/-impact-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-on-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-locally-advanced-colorectal-cancer
#8
Huihong Jiang, Hui Wang, Ajian Li, Erjiang Tang, Ying Chen, Aili Wang, Xiaxing Deng, Moubin Lin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio(NLR) on the prognosis of patients with locally advanced colorectal cancer (LACRC). METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 684 patients with stage II(-III( CRC undergoing radical resection at Shanghai Ruijin Hospital from January 2008 to December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. NLR was calculated from neutrophil and lymphocyte counts on routine blood tests prior to surgery. The optimal cutoff value of NLR for predicting 5-year overall survival (OS) was determined through receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533683/new-standardized-nursing-cooperation-workflow-to-reduce-stroke-thrombolysis-delays-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#9
Yan Zhou, Zhuojun Xu, Jiali Liao, Fangming Feng, Lai Men, Li Xu, Yanan He, Gang Li
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effectiveness of a new standardized nursing cooperation workflow in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) to reduce stroke thrombolysis delays. PATIENTS AND METHODS: AIS patients receiving conventional thrombolysis treatment from March to September 2015 were included in the control group, referred to as T0. The intervention group, referred to as T1 group, consisted of AIS patients receiving a new standardized nursing cooperation workflow for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) at the emergency department of Shanghai East Hospital (Shanghai, People's Republic of China) from October 2015 to March 2016...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532801/dissemination-of-erm-b-and-its-associated-multidrug-resistance-genomic-islands-in-campylobacter-from-2013-to-2015
#10
Dejun Liu, Fengru Deng, Yanan Gao, Hong Yao, Zhangqi Shen, Congming Wu, Yang Wang, Jianzhong Shen
A total of 1372 Campylobacter isolates (1107 Campylobacter coli and 265 Campylobacter jejuni) were obtained from 3462 samples collected from slaughterhouses and farms in three representative regions of China (Shandong, Guangdong, and Shanghai) over three successive years (2013-2015). Of these, 84 (84/1372, 6.1%) were erm(B)-positive, and all 84 positive isolates were identified as C. coli (83 chicken isolates and one swine isolate). The prevalence of erm(B) in Campylobacter isolates was compared amongst the different regions and between the three years investigated...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531949/wastewater-discharge-impact-on-drinking-water-sources-along-the-yangtze-river-china
#11
Zhuomin Wang, Dongguo Shao, Paul Westerhoff
Unplanned indirect (de facto) wastewater reuse occurs when wastewater is discharged into surface waters upstream of potable drinking water treatment plant intakes. This paper aims to predict percentages and trends of de facto reuse throughout the Yangtze River watershed in order to understand the relative contribution of wastewater discharges into the river and its tributaries towards averting water scarcity concerns. The Yangtze River is the third longest in the world and supports more than 1/15 of the world's population, yet the importance of wastewater on the river remains ill-defined...
May 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528875/comparison-of-central-and-peripheral-hemodynamics-in-association-with-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-the-community-based-elderly-chinese
#12
Jing Xiong, Xuejing Yu, Shikai Yu, Bin Bai, Henry Xu, Hongwei Ji, Jiadela Teliewubai, Kai Wang, Chen Chi, Yuyan Lu, Yiwu Zhou, Ximin Fan, Jue Li, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
The aim of the study was to investigate the association of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) with central and peripheral hemodynamics. A total of 1599 community-based senior residents (aged ≥ 65 years) in northern Shanghai, China, were recruited as of August 2015. Echocardiography was performed for each participant using the MyLab30 Gold CV system. According to the recommendations from the American Society of Echocardiography, the ratio of E (peak early diastolic transmitral flow velocity) to E' (early diastolic lateral mitral annulus velocity) was assessed for the evaluation of LVDD...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527142/temporal-and-spatial-features-of-selected-wastewater-marking-pharmaceuticals-and-potential-mechanisms-of-their-removal-from-urban-rivers
#13
Haidong Zhou, Yadan Wangjin, Jianbo Liu, Tianqi Ying, Yumei Xuan
The investigations on seasonal and spatial distribution of 12 selected wastewater-marking pharmaceuticals (WWMPs) belonging to different therapeutic classes were conducted in three major urban rivers of Yangpu District, Shanghai, East China. The potential mechanisms for the removal of WWMPs in the rivers were also experimentally investigated. The detection frequencies of most WWMPs were in the range of 56-100%, with the exception of clofibric acid, which was not detected during the storm events. The median concentrations ranged from not detected to 5821 ng/L (caffeine) and the maximum concentration was 8662 ng/L, found in caffeine...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524832/measles-outbreak-in-pediatric-hematology-and-oncology-patients-in-shanghai-2015
#14
Yan-Ling Ge, Xiao-Wen Zhai, Yan-Feng Zhu, Xiang-Shi Wang, Ai-Mei Xia, Yue-Fang Li, Mei Zeng
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial progress toward measles control are making in China, measles outbreaks in immunocompromised population still pose a challenge to interrupt endemic transmission. This study aimed to investigate the features of measles in pediatric hematology and oncology patients and explore the reasons behind the outbreak. METHODS: We collected demographic, epidemiological, and clinical data of immunocompromised measles children. All suspected measles cases were laboratory-confirmed based on the presence of measles IgM and/or identification of measles RNA...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522913/gutuo-jiejiu-decoction-improves-survival-of-patients-with-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Hong-Yuan Mou, Hong-Ming Nie, Xiao-Yu Hu
AIM: To verify the value of Gutuo Jiejiu decoction in improving the survival of patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study in consecutive patients diagnosed with SAH at the Teaching Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The traditional Chinese medicine formula Gutuo Jiejiu decoction was employed as an exposure factor...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522280/primary-spinal-glioma-in-children-results-from-a-referral-pediatric-institution-in-shanghai
#16
J Khalil, Z Chuanying, Z Qing, Y Belkacémi, J Mawei
PURPOSE: Primary spinal cord glioma is a rare entity especially in children; accounting for less than 10% of all central nervous system tumors. Low grade is the most reported subtype. Treatment modalities have largely evolved; large improvements have been made in the surgical field but also in both of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Nevertheless, the optimal treatment is yet to be defined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A chart review of 11 pediatric patients with a diagnosis of low grade spinal cord glioma at Xhinhua hospital in Shanghai was conducted...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521793/height-inequalities-and-their-change-trends-in-china-during-1985-2010-results-from-6-cross-sectional-surveys-on-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18%C3%A2-years
#17
Yong Xu, Lei Hang
BACKGROUND: Great health inequalities have been reported in China over the past few years. Height has been used as an important parameter of health and it may also be distributed unequally in different regions. By studying height data of Chinese children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 years, we analyze height inequalities and their change trends during 1985-2010. METHODS: On the base of data from 6 successive cross-sectional surveys of the Chinese National Survey on Student's Constitution and Health(CNSSCH) conducted in 1985,1991,1995,2000,2005 and 2010, we calculated difference of height for children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in different regions...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521443/loss-of-fas-expression-and-high-expression-of-hla-e-promoting-the-immune-escape-of-early-colorectal-cancer-cells
#18
Renxiang Huang, Dongyang Zhang, Feng Li, Zili Xiao, Meiling Wu, Dongyun Shi, Ping Xiang, Zhijun Bao
Previous studies have investigated the mechanisms of immune evasion of tumor cells in numerous types of advanced solid malignant tumor, and several types of immune preparations have been administered as antitumor adjuvant therapies. However, in the majority of studies, the efficacy of therapies has been revealed to be limited. The present study aimed to investigate the immune evasion mechanisms employed by early colorectal cancer cells and the expression of the molecules associated with immune evasion during the malignant transformation process of normal colorectal epithelial cells to measure the effects of immune intervention for early colorectal cancer, and to improve the efficacy of immunotherapy...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521422/clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-resected-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-a-single-center-experience-in-china
#19
Kaizhou Jin, Guopei Luo, Jin Xu, Bo Zhang, Chen Liu, Shunrong Ji, Liang Liu, Jiang Long, Quanxing Ni, Xianjun Yu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical, pathological and prognostic characteristics of Chinese patients with resected pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (p-NENs). Data from patients who were surgically treated and pathologically diagnosed with p-NENs at the Department of Pancreatic Oncology of the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (Shanghai, China), between January 2003 and July 2015, were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. A total of 162 patients with p-NENs met the criteria of the present study and were included in the analysis...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521182/should-nonsmokers-be-excluded-from-early-lung-cancer-screening-with-low-dose-spiral-computed-tomography-community-based-practice-in-shanghai
#20
Xiaoyang Luo, Shanbo Zheng, Quan Liu, Shengping Wang, Yuan Li, Lei Shen, Guodong Li, Wentao Li, Yanping Zhao, Huilin Xu, Jing Wang, Xiaohua Liu, Yunjian Pan, Hong Hu, Yihua Sun, Haiyan Yang, Su Xu, Haiquan Chen
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the efficacy of early lung cancer screening with low-dose spiral computed tomography(LDCT) in both smokers and nonsmokers based on the current situation of community health service, with integration of superior resources of medical institutions at all levels in Shanghai. METHODS: From August 2013 to August 2014, we screened 11,332 (male 7144; female 4188) high-risk individuals in selected communities of Minhang, Shanghai City, for early diagnosis of lung cancer with LDCT combined with multidisciplinary comprehensive treatment pattern including minimally invasive surgery, exploring the medical service network covering prevention, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and follow-up...
May 15, 2017: Translational Oncology
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