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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813595/activation-of-a-nickel-based-oer-catalyst-on-a-hematite-photoanode-via-incorporation-of-cerium-for-photoelectrochemical-water-oxidation
#1
Hyungseob Lim, Jae Young Kim, Edward J Evans, Amritesh Rai, Jun-Hyuk Kim, Bryan R Wygant, Charles Buddie Mullins
There has been debate on whether Ni(OH)2 is truly catalytically active for the photo/-electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction. In this report, we have synthesized a Ni(OH)2 co-catalyst on a hematite photoanode and showed that, as has been proposed in other studies, the current density varies as a function of scan rate, which arise due to a photo-induced capacitive charging effect. We have discovered that this photo-induced charging of Ni2+/3+ can be overcome by mixing cerium nitrate into the Ni precursor solution...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812360/silicon-cations-intermixed-indium-zinc-oxide-interface-for-high-performance-thin-film-transistors-using-a-solution-process
#2
Jae Won Na, You Seung Rim, Hee Jun Kim, Jin Hyeok Lee, Seonghwan Hong, Hyun Jae Kim
Solution-processed amorphous metal-oxide thin-film transistors (TFTs) utilizing an intermixed interface between a metal-oxide semiconductor and a dielectric layer are proposed. In-depth physical characterizations are carried out to verify the existence of the intermixed interface which is inevitably formed by inter-diffusion of cations originated from a thermal process. In particular, when indium zinc oxide (IZO) semiconductor and silicon dioxide (SiO2) dielectric layer are in contact and thermally processed, a Si(4+) intermixed IZO (Si:IZO) interface is created...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811608/large-spontaneous-exchange-bias-in-a-weak-ferromagnet-pb6ni9-teo6-5
#3
B Koteswararao, Tanmoy Chakrabarty, Tathamay Basu, Binoy Krishna Hazra, P V Srinivasarao, P L Paulose, S Srinath
We report the magnetic and dielectric behavior of Pb6Ni9(TeO6)5, a new compound comprising the honeycomb-like layers of S = 1 spins, through detailed structural, magnetic and dielectric investigation. An antiferromagnetic-type transition at 25 K (T N ) with weak-ferromagnetic behavior is revealed. Interestingly, a large value of coercive field of 1.32 T at 2 K is observed. The isothermal magnetization after zero-field-cooled condition, it exhibits the presence of large spontaneous exchange bias (SEB) with a magnitude of 0...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811475/microsecond-pulse-i-v-approach-to-understanding-defects-in-high-mobility-bi-layer-oxide-semiconductor-transistor
#4
Hyunsuk Woo, Sanghun Jeon
The carrier transport and device instability of amorphous oxide semiconductor devices are influenced by defects that are exponentially distributed in energy, because of amorphous phase channels and front/back interfaces with a large number of sub-gap states. Thus, understanding defects and charge trapping in oxide semiconductor transistors is required for being core device element in reliable production lines. In this paper, we present the transient charging effect, the charge trapping mechanism, and the dynamic charge transport of high-mobility bilayer oxide semiconductor transistors...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811470/bias-induced-up-to-100-spin-injection-and-detection-polarizations-in-ferromagnet-bilayer-hbn-graphene-hbn-heterostructures
#5
M Gurram, S Omar, B J van Wees
We study spin transport in a fully hBN encapsulated monolayer-graphene van der Waals heterostructure at room temperature. A top-layer of bilayer-hBN is used as a tunnel barrier for spin-injection and detection in graphene with ferromagnetic cobalt electrodes. We report surprisingly large and bias-induced (differential) spin-injection (detection) polarizations up to 50% (135%) at a positive voltage bias of + 0.6 V, as well as sign inverted polarizations up to -70% (-60%) at a reverse bias of -0.4 V. This demonstrates the potential of bilayer-hBN tunnel barriers for practical graphene spintronics applications...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811071/biological-evaluation-of-2-pyrazolinyl-1-carbothioamide-derivatives-against-hct116-human-colorectal-cancer-cell-lines-and-elucidation-on-qsar-and-molecular-binding-modes
#6
Beom Soo Kim, Soon Young Shin, Seunghyun Ahn, Dongsoo Koh, Young Han Lee, Yoongho Lim
In the search of compounds exhibiting anticancer activity, 37 derivatives of 2-pyrazolinyl-1-carbothioamide were designed and synthesized. Clonogenic cell survival assays were adapted to measure the cytotoxicities of the synthetic derivatives against HCT116 human colon cancer cell lines. Half-maximal cell growth inhibitory concentrations (GI50) ranged from 0.49 to 41.22µM. The compound with the lowest GI50 value, 3-(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-(naphthalen-1-yl)-N-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-pyrazolinyl-1-carbothioamide, was subjected to further biological studies, including cell viability and apoptosis assays to examine levels of annexin-V in the outer plasma membrane layer and poly ADP-ribose polymerase cleavage...
August 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810743/layer-by-layer-molecular-assemblies-for-dye-sensitized-pho-toelectrosynthesis-cells-prepared-by-atomic-layer-deposi-tion
#7
Degao Wang, Matthew V Sheridan, Bing Shan, Byron H Farnum, Seth L Marquard, Benjamin D Sherman, Michael S Eberhart, Animesh Nayak, Christopher Dares, Atanu Das, R Morris Bullock, Thomas J Meyer
In a Dye Sensitized Photoelectrosynthesis Cell (DSPEC) the relative orientation of the catalyst and chromophore plays an important role in determining the device efficiency. Here we introduce a new, robust atomic layer deposition (ALD) procedure for the preparation of molecular chromophore-catalyst assemblies on wide bandgap semiconductors. In this procedure, solution deposited, phosphonate derivatized metal complexes on metal oxide surfaces are treated with reactive metal reagents in the gas phase by ALD to form an outer metal ion bridging group which can bind a second phosphonate containing species from solution to establish a R1-PO2-O-M-O-PO2-R2 type surface assembly...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809419/environmental-stability-of-2d-anisotropic-tellurium-containing-nanomaterials-anisotropic-to-isotropic-transition
#8
Sijie Yang, Hui Cai, Bin Chen, Changhyun Ko, V Ongun Özçelik, D Frank Ogletree, Claire E White, Yuxia Shen, Sefaattin Tongay
We report on the vibrational (Raman) spectrum and structural transformation of semiconducting pseudo-1D GaTe and ZrTe3 nanomaterials driven by ambient molecular interactions at the nanoscale by angle-resolved Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and environmental X-ray photoelectron (XPS) measurements. The results show that tellurium containing pseudo-1D materials undergo drastic structural and physical changes within a week. During this process, new Raman peaks start to emerge and surface roughness increases substantially...
August 15, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809050/versatile-chromatographic-method-for-catechin-determination-in-development-of-topical-formulations-containing-natural-extracts
#9
Ricardo Ferreira-Nunes, Tamara Angelo, Sandra Márcia Mazutti da Silva, Pérola Oliveira Magalhães, Tais Gratieri, Marcílio Sérgio Soares da Cunha-Filho, Guilherme Martins Gelfuso
Catechin is found in several natural sources, as Eugenia dysenterica and Syzygium cumini extracts. Its antioxidant and UV-protective properties suggest a potential use in cosmetic and dermatological formulations. A simple analytical method capable of giving support to experiments performed along the development of topical formulations containing this natural substance (i.e., drug assay, skin permeation and stability studies), however, is still demanded. Thus, this work aimed to develop and validate a selective HPLC method for catechin determination during the development of topical formulations...
August 15, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808378/rutamarin-an-active-constituent-from-ruta-angustifolia-pers-induced-apoptotic-cell-death-in-the-ht29-colon-adenocarcinoma-cell-line
#10
Shafinah Ahmad Suhaimi, Sok Lai Hong, Sri Nurestri Abdul Malek
BACKGROUND: Ruta angustifolia Pers. is a perennial herb that is cultivated worldwide, including Southeast Asia, for the treatment of various diseases as traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to identify an active principle of R. angustifolia and to investigate its effect on the HT29 cell death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanol and fractionated extracts (hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and water) of R. angustifolia Pers...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807720/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-effects-of-sildenafil-citrate-heparin-and-neuropeptides-in-a-rat-model-of-acetic-acid-induced-gastric-ulcer
#11
Mehmet Kalayci, Mehmet Ali Kocdor, Tuncay Kuloglu, İbrahim Sahin, Mehmet Sarac, Aziz Aksoy, Meltem Yardim, Semih Dalkilic, Onur Gursu, Suna Aydin, Ramazan Fazil Akkoc, Meltem Cokugras, Gokhan Artas, İbrahim Hanifi Ozercan, Kader Ugur, Suleyman Aydin
AIMS: The purpose of our investigative work has been to determine whether there can be therapeutic roles in the administration of sildenafil citrate, heparin and several neuropeptides on an animal model where gastric ulcers were induced with acetic acid, and to compare their efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The animals were divided into 13 groups, with 4 animals in each. Gastric ulcers was induced in the animals of 12 groups with one untreated group being left as the control (Group I - control; given normal saline (NS))...
August 11, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805496/natural-antisense-transcripts-drive-a-regulatory-cascade-controlling-c-myc-transcription
#12
Sara Napoli, Valentina Piccinelli, Sarah Mapelli, Giuseppina Pisignano, Carlo V Catapano
Cis-natural antisense transcripts (cis-NATs) are long noncoding RNAs transcribed from the opposite strand and overlapping coding and noncoding genes on the sense strand. cis-NATs are widely present in the human genome and can be involved in multiple mechanisms of gene regulation. Here, we describe the presence of cis-NATs in the 3' distal region of the c-MYC locus and investigate their impact on transcriptional regulation of this key oncogene in human cancers. We found that cis-NATs are produced as consequence of the activation of cryptic transcription initiation sites in the 3' distal region downstream of the c-MYC 3'UTR...
August 14, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804448/erythropoietin-protects-against-lipopolysaccharide-induced-microgliosis-and-abnormal-granule-cell-development-in-the-ovine-fetal-cerebellum
#13
Annie R A McDougall, Nadia Hale, Sandra Rees, Richard Harding, Robert De Matteo, Stuart B Hooper, Mary Tolcos
Erythropoietin (EPO) ameliorates inflammation-induced injury in cerebral white matter (WM). However, effects of inflammation on the cerebellum and neuroprotective effects of EPO are unknown. Our aims were to determine: (i) whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced intrauterine inflammation causes injury to, and/or impairs development of the cerebellum; and (ii) whether recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) mitigates these changes. At 107 ± 1 days gestational age (DGA; ~0.7 of term), fetal sheep received LPS (~0.9 μg/kg; i...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803468/functional-multi-nanolayer-coatings-of-amorphous-carbon-tungsten-carbide-with-exceptional-mechanical-durability-and-corrosion-resistance
#14
Narguess Nemati, Mansoor Bozorg, Oleksiy V Penkov, Dong-Gap Shin, Asghar Sadighzadeh, Dae-Eun Kim
A novel functional multilayer coating with periodically stacked nanolayers of amorphous carbon (a:C)/ tungsten carbide (WC) and an adhesion layer of chromium (Cr) was deposited on 304 stainless steel using a dual magnetron sputtering technique. Through process optimization, highly densified coatings with high elasticity and shear moduli, excellent wear resistance, as well as minimal susceptibility to corrosive and caustic media could be acquired. The structural and mechanical properties of the optimized coatings were studied in detail by a variety of techniques...
August 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803149/concentrations-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-trace-elements-in-arctic-soils-a-case-study-in-svalbard
#15
Montse Marquès, Jordi Sierra, Tatiana Drotikova, Montse Mari, Martí Nadal, José L Domingo
A combined assessment on the levels and distribution profiles of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace elements in soils from Pyramiden (Central Spitsbergen, Svalbard Archipelago) is here reported. As previously stated, long-range atmospheric transport, coal deposits and previous mining extractions, as well as the stack emissions of two operative power plants at this settlement are considered as potential sources of pollution. Eight top-layer soil samples were collected and analysed for the 16 US EPA priority PAHs and for 15 trace elements (As, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sn, Tl, V and Zn) during late summer of 2014...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801955/single-layer-centrifugation-of-fresh-dromedary-camel-semen-improves-sperm-quality-and-in-vitro-fertilization-capacity-compared-with-simple-sperm-washing
#16
C Malo, E G Crichton, J M Morrell, B S Pukazhenthi, J A Skidmore
Single layer centrifugation (SLC) through a colloid is a tool for selecting viable mammalian spermatozoa but has not been used previously for fresh dromedary camel sperm. Semen from six camels (2 ejaculates/male) was diluted 1:5 (v:v) or 1:10 (v:v) in a Tris-citrate-fructose buffer for mechanical liquefaction by gentle pipetting. Following liquefaction, semen was processed either by SLC or by centrifugation without a colloid (control). Total and progressive motilities, CASA kinematics, vitality and acrosome integrity (eosin-nigrosin) and plasma membrane integrity (Hypo-osmotic swelling test; HOST), and fertilizing ability in a heterologous assay (zona-free goat oocytes) were evaluated...
August 12, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801779/tof-ms-investigation-of-nickel-oxide-cvd
#17
Anastasia S Kondrateva, Maxim V Mishin, Sergey E Alexandrov
NiO layers were deposited by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition using bis-(ethylcyclopentadienyl) nickel (EtCp)2Ni and oxygen or ozone. As a continuation of kinetic study of NiO MOCVD the gas-phase, transformations of (EtCp)2Ni were studied in the temperature range of 380-830 K. Time of reactions corresponding to the residence time of the gas stream in hot zone of the reactor was about 0.1 s under conditions studied. The interaction of (EtCp)2Ni with oxygen started at 450 K and its conversion rate reached the maximum at 700 K...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801685/investigation-on-ti6al4v-v-cr-fe-ss316-multi-layers-metallic-structure-fabricated-by-laser-3d-printing
#18
Wei Li, Frank Liou, Joseph Newkirk, Karen M Brown Taminger, William J Seufzer
Joining titanium alloy and stainless steel is becoming an urgent need since their outstanding mechanical properties can be utilized integratedly. However, direct fusion joining of Ti6Al4V to SS316 can cause brittle Ti-Fe intermetallics which compromise join bonds' mechanical properties. In this research, Laser 3D Printing was applied to explore a new Ti6Al4V to SS316 multi-metallic structure. A novel filler transition route was introduced (Ti6Al4V → V → Cr → Fe → SS316) to avoid the Ti-Fe intermetallics...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801555/electrochemically-anodized-porous-silicon-towards-simple-and-affordable-anode-material-for-li-ion-batteries
#19
T Ikonen, T Nissinen, E Pohjalainen, O Sorsa, T Kallio, V-P Lehto
Silicon is being increasingly studied as the next-generation anode material for Li-ion batteries because of its ten times higher gravimetric capacity compared with the widely-used graphite. While nanoparticles and other nanostructured silicon materials often exhibit good cyclability, their volumetric capacity tends to be worse or similar than that of graphite. Furthermore, these materials are commonly complicated and expensive to produce. An effortless way to produce nanostructured silicon is electrochemical anodization...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800440/low-density-lipoprotein-transport-through-patient-specific-thoracic-arterial-wall
#20
Dimitrios G Mpairaktaris, Johannes V Soulis, George D Giannoglou
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The distribution of Low density lipoprotein (LDL) within the arterial wall is helpful in understanding the onset and development of atherosclerosis. The objective of the study is to study the transport and LDL distribution within patient-specific arterial wall using computational analysis under normal and hypertensive conditions. METHODS: Patient specific model of the thoracic aorta is computationally examined. The arterial wall is treated macroscopically as homogeneous (one layered) porous media of variable thickness...
August 3, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
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