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Lipoaspirate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437187/synergy-between-choroid-plexus-epithelial-cells-conditioned-medium-and-knockout-serum-replacement-converts-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-to-dopamine-secreting-neurons
#1
Mahdi Eskandarian Boroujeni, Mossa Gardaneh, Mehrnoosh Hasan Shahriari, Abbas Aliaghaei, Sanaz Hasani
Human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) have great capacity to differentiate into mesodermal origins as well as non-mesodermal lineages including neural cells. This valuable feature paves the way for the therapeutic application of hADSCs for neurodegenerative maladies such as Parkinson's disease (PD). We tested the capacity of Choroid Plexus epithelial cells-conditioned medium (CPEC-CM) alone or cocktailed with knock-out serum (KS) to induce dopaminergic differentiation of hADSCs. To this end, hADSCs from lipoaspirate were phenotypically characterized and shown to maintain mesodermal multipotency so selected media easily differentiated them into osteoblasts, chondrocytes and adipocytes...
March 2, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406706/nanofat-2-0-experimental-evidence-for-a-fat-grafting-rich-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#2
D Lo Furno, S Tamburino, G Mannino, E Gili, G Lombardo, M S Tarico, C Vancheri, R Giuffrida, R E Perrotta
Different strategies have been developed in the last decade to obtain fat grafts as rich as possible of mesenchymal stem cells, so exploiting their regenerative potential. Recently, a new kind of fat grafting, called "nanofat", has been obtained after several steps of fat emulsification and filtration. The final liquid suspension, virtually devoid of mature adipocytes, would improve tissue repair because of the presence of adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs). However, since it is probable that many ASCs may be lost in the numerous phases of this procedure, we describe here a novel version of fat grafting, which we call "nanofat 2...
April 12, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372703/editorial-commentary-thinking-inside-the-box-yields-the-possibility-of-harvesting-stem-cells-from-inside-the-injured-knee
#3
EDITORIAL
Michael J Rossi
Looking to the injured knee for potential stem cell harvesting has attractive benefits. Stem cells can be successfully harvested but the concentrations with the current technology are lower than bone marrow or lipoaspirate sites. The technique of utilizing the knee effusion and tissue by-products after cruciate ligament injury shows future promise.
April 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364523/adipose-stem-cell-function-maintained-with-age-an-intra-subject-study-of-long-term-cryopreserved-cells
#4
Lauren E Kokai, Dmitry O Traktuev, Liyong Zhang, Stephanie Merfeld-Clauss, Gabriella DiBernardo, Hongyan Lu, Kacey G Marra, Albert Donnenberg, Vera Donnenberg, E Michael Meyer, Peter B Fodor, Keith L March, J Peter Rubin
Background: The progressive decline in tissue mechanical strength that occurs with aging is hypothesized to be due to a loss of resident stem cell number and function. As such, there is concern regarding use of autologous adult stem cell therapy in older patients. To abrogate this, many patients elect to cryopreserve the adipose stromal-vascular fraction (SVF) of lipoaspirate, which contains resident adipose stem cells (ASC). However, it is not clear yet if there is any clinical benefit from banking cells at a younger age...
April 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335186/ex-vivo-tissues-engineering-modeling-for-reconstructive-surgery-using-human-adult-adipose-stem-cells-and-polymeric-nanostructured-matrix
#5
Francesco Morena, Chiara Argentati, Eleonora Calzoni, Marino Cordellini, Carla Emiliani, Francesco D'Angelo, Sabata Martino
The major challenge for stem cell translation regenerative medicine is the regeneration of damaged tissues by creating biological substitutes capable of recapitulating the missing function in the recipient host. Therefore, the current paradigm of tissue engineering strategies is the combination of a selected stem cell type, based on their capability to differentiate toward committed cell lineages, and a biomaterial, that, due to own characteristics (e.g., chemical, electric, mechanical property, nano-topography, and nanostructured molecular components), could serve as active scaffold to generate a bio-hybrid tissue/organ...
March 31, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327169/the-effect-of-lipoaspirates-vs-dissected-abdominal-fat-on-breast-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#6
Faris Almarzouqi, Hans-Oliver Rennekampff, Jan-Philipp Stromps, Ziyad Alharbi, Norbert Pallua
BACKGROUND: Cancer cells are typically surrounded by stromal cells and embedded in extracellular matrix (ECM). The stromal compartment interacts with cancer cells to promote growth and metastasis. For decades, autologous fasciocutaneous flaps have been safely applied for breast reconstruction after mastectomy. In contrast, the safety of fat grafting (lipofilling) procedure has been under debate regarding the risk of cancer recurrence. METHODS: Harvested fat tissue (lipoaspirates) and dissected abdominal fat (DAF) were co-cultured with MCF-7 breast cancer cells...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325151/adipose-tissue-derived-pericytes-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#7
Jin Xin Zhang, Chun Yan Du, Wei Min Guo, Pan Li, Shu Yun Liu, Zhi Guo Yuan, Jian Hua Yang, Xun Sun, He Yong Yin, Quan Yi Guo, Chen Fu Zhou
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a promising alternative source for cartilage tissue engineering. However, MSC culture is labor-intensive, so these cells cannot be applied immediately to regenerate cartilage for clinical purposes. Risks during the ex vivo expansion of MSCs, such as infection and immunogenicity, can be a bottleneck in their use in clinical tissue engineering. As a novel stem cell source, pericytes are generally considered to be the origin of MSCs. Pericytes do not have to undergo time-consuming ex vivo expansion because they are uncultured cells...
March 21, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321259/evaluation-of-three-devices-for-the-isolation-of-the-stromal-vascular-fraction-from-adipose-tissue-and-for-asc-culture-a-comparative-study
#8
Jonathan Rodriguez, Anne-Sophie Pratta, Nacira Abbassi, Hugo Fabre, Fanny Rodriguez, Cyrille Debard, Jacqueline Adobati, Fabien Boucher, Frédéric Mallein-Gerin, Céline Auxenfans, Odile Damour, Ali Mojallal
Adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ASCs) reside in the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue (AT) and can be easily isolated. However, extraction of the SVF from lipoaspirate is a critical step in generating ASC, and semiautomated devices have been developed to enhance the efficacy and reproducibility of the outcomes and to decrease manipulation and contamination. In this study, we compared the reference method used in our lab for SVF isolation from lipoaspirate, with three medical devices: GID SVF-1™, Puregraft™, and Stem...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241882/systematic-review-of-patient-factors-affecting-adipose-stem-cell-viability-and-function-implications-for-regenerative-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Jajini Varghese, Michelle Griffin, Afshin Mosahebi, Peter Butler
BACKGROUND: The applications for fat grafting have increased recently, within both regenerative and reconstructive surgery. Although fat harvesting, processing and injection techniques have been extensively studied and standardised, this has not had a big impact on the variability of outcome following fat grafting. This suggests a possible larger role of patient characteristics on adipocyte and adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) viability and function. This systematic review aims to collate current evidence on the effect of patient factors on adipocyte and ADSC behaviour...
February 28, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207564/reply-to-mechanical-micronization-of-lipoaspirates-squeeze-and-emulsification-techniques
#10
Joris A van Dongen, Hieronymus P Stevens, Martin C Harmsen, Berend van der Lei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196035/perivascular-stem-cells-diminish-muscle-atrophy-following-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-in-a-small-animal-model
#11
Claire D Eliasberg, Ayelet Dar, Andrew R Jensen, Iain R Murray, Winters R Hardy, Tomasz J Kowalski, Cameron A Garagozlo, Kyle M Natsuhara, Adam Z Khan, Owen J McBride, Peter I Cha, Benjamin V Kelley, Denis Evseenko, Brian T Feeley, David R McAllister, Bruno Péault, Frank A Petrigliano
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are a common cause of shoulder pain and often necessitate operative repair. Muscle atrophy, fibrosis, and fatty infiltration can develop after rotator cuff tears, which may compromise surgical outcomes. This study investigated the regenerative potential of 2 human adipose-derived progenitor cell lineages in a murine model of massive rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Ninety immunodeficient mice were used (15 groups of 6 mice). Mice were assigned to 1 of 3 surgical procedures: sham, supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendon transection (TT), or TT and denervation via suprascapular nerve transection (TT + DN)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185836/differential-gene-expression-profiling-of-human-adipose-stem-cells-differentiating-into-smooth-muscle-like-cells-by-tgf%C3%AE-1-bmp4
#12
Ayşe Eser Elçin, Mahmut Parmaksiz, Arin Dogan, Sukran Seker, Serap Durkut, Klara Dalva, Yaşar Murat Elçin
Regenerative repair of the vascular system is challenging from the perspectives of translational medicine and tissue engineering. There are fundamental hurdles in front of creating bioartificial arteries, which involve recaputilation of the three-layered structure under laboratory settings. Obtaining and maintaining smooth muscle characteristics is an important limitation, as the transdifferentiated cells fail to display mature phenotype. This study aims to shed light on the smooth muscle differentiation of human adipose stem cells (hASCs)...
March 15, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177972/sustained-overcorrection-after-autologous-facial-fat-grafting-in-the-pediatric-population-a-case-series
#13
Kathryn Ries Tringale, Samuel Lance, Anna Schoenbrunner, Amanda A Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Autologous fat grafting is a valuable tool in the correction of facial soft tissue asymmetry and volume deficits. Pubertal growth and fluctuations in body mass present unique challenges to achieving satisfactory results after autologous fat transfer in the pediatric population. Few studies exist describing the outcomes and complications of pediatric facial fat grafting. The objective of this study is to identify the complication profile and outcomes after autologous fat grafting for the correction of facial asymmetry and volume deficits in the pediatric population...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177263/isolation-of-adipose-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-cells-using-a-novel-point-of-care-device-cell-characterization-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
James Christian Brown, Hulan Shang, Ying Li, Ning Yang, Nikita Patel, Adam J Katz
The GID SVF-1 and GID SVF-2 are closed-system, disposable, scalable cellular isolation devices designed for isolating the human adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (hSVF) from lipoaspirates at the clinical point of care. The purpose of this study was to characterize the device performance with respect to cell yield and viability of the hSVF, as well as the hSVF purity and cellular composition. Our results demonstrate that adipose-derived hSVF can be safely obtained using both devices and standardized methods, yielding cells that are free of bacterial contaminants as measured by endotoxin levels, Gram stain, and culture...
March 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170177/pluripotent-nontumorigenic-adipose-tissue-derived-muse-cells-have-immunomodulatory-capacity-mediated-by-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1
#15
María L Gimeno, Florencia Fuertes, Andres E Barcala Tabarrozzi, Alejandra I Attorressi, Rodolfo Cucchiani, Luis Corrales, Talita C Oliveira, Mari C Sogayar, Leticia Labriola, Ricardo A Dewey, Marcelo J Perone
Adult mesenchymal stromal cell-based interventions have shown promising results in a broad range of diseases. However, their use has faced limited effectiveness owing to the low survival rates and susceptibility to environmental stress on transplantation. We describe the cellular and molecular characteristics of multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) cells derived from adipose tissue (AT), a subpopulation of pluripotent stem cells isolated from human lipoaspirates. Muse-AT cells were efficiently obtained using a simple, fast, and affordable procedure, avoiding cell sorting and genetic manipulation methods...
January 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086781/effects-of-the-intradiscal-implantation-of-stromal-vascular-fraction-plus-platelet-rich-plasma-in-patients-with-degenerative-disc-disease
#16
Comella Kristin, Silbert Robert, Parlo Michelle
BACKGROUND: Stromal vascular fraction (SVF) can easily be obtained from a mini-lipoaspirate procedure of fat tissue and platelet rich plasma (PRP) can be obtained from peripheral blood. The SVF contains a mixture of cells including ADSCs and growth factors and has been depleted of the adipocyte (fat cell) population. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of administering SVF and PRP intra-discally into patients with degenerative disc disease. METHODS: A total of 15 patients underwent a local tumescent liposuction procedure to remove approximately 60 ml of fat tissue...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054934/evaluation-of-the-potential-of-chitosan-%C3%AE-1-3-glucan-hydroxyapatite-material-as-a-scaffold-for-living-bone-graft-production-in-vitro-by-comparison-of-adsc-and-bmdsc-behaviour-on-its-surface
#17
Agata Przekora, Marta Vandrovcova, Martina Travnickova, Julia Pajorova, Martin Molitor, Grazyna Ginalska, Lucie Bacakova
The opinion regarding the origin of adult stem cells that should be used for living bone construct generation is strongly divided in the scientific community. In this study, the potential of chitosan/β-1,3-glucan/hydroxyapatite (chit/glu/HA) material as a scaffold for bone regeneration applications was evaluated by behaviour comparison of adult stem cells derived from both origins-adipose derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADSC) tissue and bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMDSCs). In the case of ADSC isolation, low and high negative pressures were applied during a liposuction procedure in order to determine if negative pressure settings may have an impact on subsequent cell behaviour in vitro...
February 24, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052909/naturally-adipose-stromal-cell-enriched-fat-graft-comparative-polychromatic-flow-cytometry-study-of-fat-harvested-by-barbed-or-blunt-multihole-cannula
#18
Alessio Caggiati, Antonia Germani, Anna Di Carlo, Giovanna Borsellino, Maurizio C Capogrossi, Mario Picozza
Background: Fat grafts enriched with cells of the stromal vascular fraction (SVF), especially adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs), exhibit significantly improved retention over non enriched, plain fat. Different types of liposuction cannulae may yield lipoaspirates with different subpopulations of cells. Moreover, preparation of adipose tissue for transplantation typically involves centrifugation, which creates a density gradient of fat. Objectives: The authors sought to determine whether liposuction with a barbed or smooth cannula altered the enrichment of the SVF, and specifically ASCs, in low-density (LD) and high-density (HD) fractions of centrifuged adipose tissue...
May 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043786/autologous-fat-grafting-a-comparative-study-of-four-current-commercial-protocols
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Vincent Hivernaud, Bruno Lefourn, Myriam Robard, Jérôme Guicheux, Pierre Weiss
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat grafting is a widely used technique that gives natural results when treating soft tissue deficiencies. However, there is no consensus on which is the best procedure to use, leading to unpredictable results because of fat graft resorption. OBJECTIVES: This study compared four commercial lipotransfer devices by analyzing the behavior of the processed adipose tissue and outcome of the adipose graft in an in vivo model. METHODS: Four different protocols that used manual, power-assisted or water-assisted lipoaspiration and then decantation, centrifugation, or filtration were used on each of eight patients to process lipoaspirate...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039550/application-of-a-three-dimensional-graft-of-autologous-osteodifferentiated-adipose-stem-cells-in-patients-undergoing-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-clinical-proof-of-concept
#20
E Fomekong, D Dufrane, B Vande Berg, W André, N Aouassar, S Veriter, C Raftopoulos
BACKGROUND: The authors applied a scaffold-free osteogenic three-dimensional (3D) graft made of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) in patients undergoing minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF). METHODS: Three patients (two patients and one patient with 1 and 2 levels, respectively) with degenerative spondylolisthesis underwent MI-TLIF with 3D graft made of AMSCs. To obtain the AMSCs, fatty tissue was collected from the abdomen by lipoaspiration and differentiated afterwards in our Cell/Tissue bank...
March 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
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