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Cognition AND (renal funtion OR creatinine)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738036/first-stages-chronic-kidney-disease-have-mild-effects-on-cognitive-performance-results-of-a-15-105-brazilian-adult-baseline-cohort
#1
Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Roberto Marini Ladeira, Cláudia Caciquinho Vieira de Souza, Itamar de Souza Santos, Sandhi Maria Barreto
INTRODUCTION: The aging of the population may lead to an increased prevalence of dementia and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and their overlap. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between CKD and cognitive performance among Brazilian adults (35-74 years). METHODS: Baseline data analysis of the Longitudinal Study of Adults (ELSA-Brasil), a multicenter cohort comprising 15,105 civil servants, was performed. Kidney function was defined by the CKD-Epi-estimated GRF and albumin creatinin ratio (ACR)...
April 26, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725309/reduced-white-matter-integrity-with-cognitive-impairments-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#2
Yi Yin, Meng Li, Chao Li, Xiaofen Ma, Jianhao Yan, Tianyue Wang, Shishun Fu, Kelei Hua, Yunfan Wu, Wenfeng Zhan, Guihua Jiang
Background: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a serious public health problem, which can often lead to multiorgan dysfunction, such as cerebrovascular disease and cognitive damage. It is essential to understand cognitive impairment in patients with ESRD to develop better ESRD treatment and prevent further cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairment is believed to be related to structural abnormalities in the brain. Purpose: To investigate white matter microstructural abnormalities in patients with ESRD using TBSS analysis of DTI and to explore the possible mechanisms underlying the impaired cognitive function...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680250/relevance-of-the-hippocampal-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-response-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Yasuhiro Kosuge, Nobuhiro Osada, Akiko Shimomura, Hiroko Miyagishi, Taira Wada, Kumiko Ishige, Shigeki Shimba, Yoshihisa Ito
It has been shown that the incidence of cognitive impairment increases with the severity of chronic kidney disease (CKD). A previous study has demonstrated that hippocampal oxidative stress contributes to cognitive dysfunction in CKD model mice. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is thought to contribute significantly to neuronal dysfunction, but its role in the hippocampal dysfunction seen in CKD still remains unclear. The present study examined whether the ER stress response as well as oxidative stress was activated in the hippocampus of CKD model mice...
April 19, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629280/effectiveness-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-mindfulness-in-end-stage-renal-disease-hemodialysis-patients
#4
Bo Kyung Sohn, Yun Kyu Oh, Jung-Seok Choi, Jiyoun Song, Ahyoung Lim, Jung Pyo Lee, Jung Nam An, Hee-Jeong Choi, Jae Yeon Hwang, Hee-Yeon Jung, Jun-Young Lee, Chun Soo Lim
Background: Many patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) experience depression. Depression influences patient quality of life (QOL), dialysis compliance, and medical comorbidity. We developed and applied a group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program including mindfulness meditation for ESRD patients undergoing HD, and measured changes in QOL, mood, anxiety, perceived stress, and biochemical markers. Methods: We conducted group CBT over a 12-week period with seven ESRD patients undergoing HD and suffering from depression...
March 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480195/albuminuria-and-microalbuminuria-as-predictors-of-cognitive-performance-in-a-general-population-an-11-year-follow-up-study
#5
Laura L Ekblad, Sini Toppala, Jouni K Johansson, Seppo Koskinen, Jouko Sundvall, Juha O Rinne, Pauli Puukka, Matti Viitanen, Antti Jula
Microalbuminuria, defined as urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR)>3.0 mg/mmol and ≤ 30 mg/mmol, is an early marker of endothelial damage of the renal glomeruli. Recent research suggests an association among microalbuminuria, albuminuria (UACR > 3.0 mg/mmol), and cognitive impairment. Previous studies on microalbuminuria, albuminuria, and cognition in the middle-aged have not provided repeated cognitive testing at different time-points. We hypothesized that albuminuria (micro- plus macroalbuminuria) and microalbuminuria would predict cognitive decline independently of previously reported risk factors for cognitive decline, including cardiovascular risk factors...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461948/case-251-nontraumatic-drug-associated-rhabdomyolysis-of-head-and-neck-muscles
#6
Alexandre Debelmas, Déborah Benchetrit, Damien Galanaud, Roman H Khonsari
History A 21-year-old man with a history of abuse of multiple drugs and mild cognitive impairment who initially underwent treatment for excited delirium developed respiratory arrest shortly after admission and was successfully resuscitated. Unenhanced computed tomography (CT) of the head and neck and contrast material-enhanced CT of the chest, abdomen, pelvis, and complete spine were performed shortly after the initial treatment. Head and neck magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed 24 hours after admission...
March 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460083/kidney-function-and-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-among-elderly-people-a-cross-sectional-study-on-potential-hazards-for-an-at-risk-population
#7
Sara Modig, Sölve Elmståhl
Background Renal elimination normally decreases with age. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) carry a risk of additional kidney damage. Objective The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of NSAIDs in the elderly (aged ≥ 65) population in Sweden, explore reasons for any possible differences in the level of use and assess their kidney functions. Setting Data were obtained from the cohort study Good Aging in Skåne, Sweden. Patients aged 65 or more were included. Methods Medication lists were collected as well as variables such as cognition and education levels...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187138/up-to-a-third-of-renal-transplant-recipients-have-deficiencies-in-cognitive-functioning
#8
Lisa Stoessel, Katharina Schieber, Sabine Jank, Sandra Reber, Franziska Grundmann, Christine Lueker, Frank Vitinius, Georgios Paslakis, Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Yesim Erim
INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplantation is beneficial in improving cognitive abilities in patients with chronic kidney disease; however, there is still uncertainty concerning which cognitive domains benefit and to what extent. AIM: In the present study, cognitive functioning of renal transplant recipients was compared to normative data. Sociodemographic and clinical parameters that were associated with low cognitive performance were identified. DESIGN: A total of 109 renal transplant recipients (63% men) participated in the study, with a mean age of 51...
December 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125269/direct-oral-anticoagulants-use-in-elderly-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-state-of-evidence
#9
Giulia Benedetti, Matteo Neccia, Luciano Agati
Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) increases the risk of stroke by three- to five-fold, especially in elderly patients, creating a huge burden on medical system as well as a negative impact on patients lives. Balancing efficacy and bleeding risk is a challenge when considering anticoagulation therapy in elderly patients, because of their frequent high risk of both stroke and bleeding. Real world data reveal the underuse of anticoagulation in the elderly, especially due to physicians' fear of bleeding, often neglecting the thromboembolic risk...
November 10, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924104/validation-of-the-r2chads2-and-chads2-scores-for-predicting-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment
#10
Kazuo Washida, Hisatomo Kowa, Hirotoshi Hamaguchi, Fumio Kanda, Tatsushi Toda
Objective Post-stroke cognitive impairment often afflicts stroke survivors and is a major obstacle both for cognitive and physical rehabilitation. Stroke risk scores ["Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 years, Diabetes mellitus, Stroke" (CHADS2) and "CHADS2 + creatinine clearance <60 mL/min" (R2CHADS2)] are used to assess the future risk of cardioembolic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, congestive heart failure, hypertension, aging, diabetes mellitus, stroke, and renal dysfunction are also risk factors for cognitive impairment...
October 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899425/the-physiological-determinants-of-low-level-urine-cadmium-an-assessment-in-a-cross-sectional-study-among-schoolchildren
#11
Hongyu Wang, Xavier Dumont, Vincent Haufroid, Alfred Bernard
BACKGROUND: Recent studies in children have reported associations of urinary cadmium (U-Cd), used as biomarker of Cd body burden, with renal dysfunction, retarded growth and impaired cognitive development in children. Little is known, however, about factors influencing U-Cd in children and likely to act as confounders. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study involving 249 schoolchildren (mean age, 5.72 years; 138 boys), we measured the urine concentrations of cadmium, zinc, lead, albumin, alpha1 -microglobulin (A1M), retinol-binding protein, β2 -microglobulin and club cell protein (CC16)...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871498/tangeretin-ameliorates-renal-failure-via-regulating-oxidative-stress-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-tnf-%C3%AE-inos-signalling-and-improves-memory-and-cognitive-deficits-in-5-6-nephrectomized-rats
#12
Jing Wu, Yu-Mei Zhao, Zhi-Kuan Deng
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant global health concern with limited treatment options. Oxidative stress and inflammatory responses have been implicated in the pathology of CKD. Patients with CKD are frequently affected with neurological complications that affect both the central and peripheral nervous system. Identification of effective treatment strategies are of much clinical value in the therapy of CKD. Tangeretin, a plant-derived flavonoid has been described to retain extensive pharmacological properties...
February 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801477/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-impaired-renal-function-are-associated-with-brain-alterations-and-poststroke-cognitive-decline
#13
Einor Ben Assayag, Roy Eldor, Amos D Korczyn, Efrat Kliper, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Oren Tene, Jeremy Molad, Itzhak Shapira, Shlomo Berliner, Viki Volfson, Ludmila Shopin, Yehuda Strauss, Hen Hallevi, Natan M Bornstein, Eitan Auriel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with diseases of the brain, kidney, and vasculature. However, the relationship between T2DM, chronic kidney disease, brain alterations, and cognitive function after stroke is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the inter-relationship between T2DM, impaired renal function, brain pathology on imaging, and cognitive decline in a longitudinal poststroke cohort. METHODS: The TABASCO (Tel Aviv brain acute stroke cohort) is a prospective cohort of stroke/transient ischemic attack survivors...
September 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387674/psychotic-symptoms-associated-with-poor-renal-function-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementias
#14
Ralf Kunschmann, Stefan Busse, Thomas Frodl, Mandy Busse
Patients suffering from cognitive decline such as mild cognitive impairment or neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's dementia, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and Lewy body dementia are often accompanied by symptoms like psychosis, depression, agitation, and apathy. Aging increases not only the prevalence of dementia but also the development of kidney disorders, which had emerged as possible risk factor of cognitive impairment and dementia. However, a contribution of renal dysfunction to psychosis associated with cognitive decline remains to be investigated...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974647/dementia-risk-in-renal-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#15
REVIEW
Kay Deckers, Ileana Camerino, Martin P J van Boxtel, Frans R J Verhey, Kate Irving, Carol Brayne, Miia Kivipelto, John M Starr, Kristine Yaffe, Peter W de Leeuw, Sebastian Köhler
OBJECTIVE: Renal dysfunction has been linked with increased risk for cognitive impairment and dementia, but studies are conflicting. For that reason, the aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis is to summarize the best available evidence on the prospective association between potential markers of renal dysfunction and development of cognitive impairment or dementia. METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for potential publications until August 1, 2016...
January 10, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902586/neurological-psychological-and-cognitive-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-and-replacement-therapy
#16
Silvia Lai, Oriano Mecarelli, Patrizia Pulitano, Roberto Romanello, Leonardo Davi, Alessia Zarabla, Amalia Mariotti, Maria Carta, Giorgia Tasso, Luca Poli, Anna Paola Mitterhofer, Massimo Testorio, Nicla Frassetti, Paola Aceto, Alessandro Galani, Carlo Lai
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent condition in the world. Neurological, psychological, and cognitive disorders, related to CKD, could contribute to the morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life of these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the neurological, psychological, and cognitive imbalance in patients with CKD on conservative and replacement therapy.Seventy-four clinically stable patients affected by CKD on conservative therapy, replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD)), or with kidney transplantation (KT) and 25 healthy controls (HC), matched for age and sex were enrolled...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487916/a-mixed-grape-and-blueberry-extract-is-safe-for-dogs-to-consume
#17
Anne-Sophie Martineau, Véronique Leray, Anne Lepoudere, Géraldine Blanchard, Julien Bensalem, David Gaudout, Khadija Ouguerram, Patrick Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Grape and blueberry extracts are known to protect against age-related cognitive decline. However, beneficial effects achieved by mixing grape and blueberry extracts have yet to be evaluated in dogs, or their bioavailability assessed. Of concern to us were cases of acute renal failure in dogs, after their ingestion of grapes or raisins. The European Pet Food Industry Federation (2013) considers only the grape or raisin itself to be potentially dangerous; grape-seed extracts per-se, are not considered to be a threat...
August 3, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342958/apol1-renal-risk-variants-associate-with-reduced-cerebral-white-matter-lesion-volume-and-increased-gray-matter-volume
#18
Barry I Freedman, Crystal A Gadegbeku, R Nick Bryan, Nicholette D Palmer, Pamela J Hicks, Lijun Ma, Michael V Rocco, S Carrie Smith, Jianzhao Xu, Christopher T Whitlow, Benjamin C Wagner, Carl D Langefeld, Amret T Hawfield, Jeffrey T Bates, Alan J Lerner, Dominic S Raj, Mohammad S Sadaghiani, Robert D Toto, Jackson T Wright, Donald W Bowden, Jeff D Williamson, Kaycee M Sink, Joseph A Maldjian, Nicholas M Pajewski, Jasmin Divers
To assess apolipoprotein L1 gene (APOL1) renal-risk-variant effects on the brain, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based cerebral volumes and cognitive function were assessed in 517 African American-Diabetes Heart Study (AA-DHS) Memory IN Diabetes (MIND) and 2568 hypertensive African American Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) participants without diabetes. Within these cohorts, 483 and 197 had cerebral MRI, respectively. AA-DHS participants were characterized as follows: 60.9% female, mean age of 58...
August 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241631/l-carnitine-improves-cognitive-and-renal-functions-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Nur Abu Ahmad, Zaher Armaly, Sylvia Berman, Adel Jabour, Shlomit Aga-Mizrachi, Efrat Mosenego-Ornan, Avi Avital
Over the past decade, the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has reached epidemic proportions. The search for novel pharmacological treatment for CKD has become an area of intensive clinical research. l-Carnitine, considered as the "gatekeeper" responsible for admitting long chain fatty acids into cell mitochondria. l-Carnitine synthesis and turnover are regulated mainly by the kidney and its levels inversely correlate with serum creatinine of normal subjects and CKD patients. Previous studies showed that l-carnitine administration to elderly people is improving and preserving cognitive function...
October 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167984/cerebral-blood-flow-changes-in-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-an-arterial-spin-labeling-mr-imaging
#20
Xiao Lu Jiang, Ji Qiu Wen, Long Jiang Zhang, Gang Zheng, Xue Li, Zhe Zhang, Ya Liu, Li Juan Zheng, Long Wu, Hui Juan Chen, Xiang Kong, Song Luo, Guang Ming Lu, Xue Man Ji, Zong Jun Zhang
We used arterial-spin labeling (ASL) MR imaging, a non-invasive technique to evaluate cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD), and nondialysis ESRD patients compared with healthy cohort. Ninety seven ESRD patients including 32 PD patients (20 male, 12 female; mean age 33 ± 8 years), 33 HD patients (22 male, 11 female; mean age 33 ± 8 years) and 32 nondialysis patients (20 male, 12 female; mean age 35 ± 7 years) and 31 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (20 male, 11 female; mean age 32 ± 8 years) were included in this study...
August 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
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