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Migraine AND Cognition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071936/concussion-baseline-testing-preexisting-factors-symptoms-and-neurocognitive-performance
#1
Eric Hall, Jordan Cottle, Caroline Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Kenneth P Barnes
CONTEXT:  Neurocognitive test scores are often considered an important aspect of concussion management. To best use these data, clinicians must understand potential factors that may influence baseline performance on these tests. OBJECTIVE:  To determine preexisting factors that may influence performance on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT). DESIGN:  Cross-sectional study. SETTING:  Research laboratory...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043031/liver-5-ht7-receptors-a-novel-regulator-target-of-fibrosis-and-inflammation-induced-chronic-liver-injury-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#2
Beyzagul Polat, Zekai Halici, Elif Cadirci, Emre Karakus, Yasin Bayir, Abdulmecit Albayrak, Deniz Unal
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer and liver fibrosis is strongly associated with HCC. Treatment options are limited, and preventive strategies should be developed. An important step in the beginning of liver fibrosis is a strong inflammatory response. 5-HT7 is the last recognized member of the serotonin receptor family and is expressed in both central nerve system and peripheral system and have a lot of functions like learning, memory, smooth muscular relaxation, in the control of circadian rhythms and thermoregulation, pain and migraine, schizophrenia, anxiety, cognitive disturbances, and even inflammation...
February 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028812/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-management-of-pediatric-migraine
#3
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Lakshmi Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Migraine headaches are common in children and adolescents. Current pharmacologic treatment options are limited despite the prevalence and debilitating effects of pediatric migraine. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based practice that focuses on the development of coping strategies and cognitive restructuring to alter the pain experience. Till date, no meta-analysis has been done to examine the use of CBT in pediatric migraine. METHODS: Using the keywords (cognitive behavioral therapy OR cognitive behavior therapy OR cognitive behavioral therapy OR cognitive behavior therapy OR CBT) AND (headache OR migraine), a preliminary search on the PubMed and Ovid database yielded 3841 articles published in English between 1 Jan 1980 and 1 May 2016...
December 28, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028808/structural-gray-matter-alterations-in-chronic-migraine-implications-for-a-progressive-disease
#4
Lars Neeb, Kaili Bastian, Kersten Villringer, Heike Israel, Uwe Reuter, Jochen B Fiebach
OBJECTIVE: To identify possible gray matter alterations in patients with chronic migraine using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). BACKGROUND: VBM studies demonstrate structural alterations of gray matter (GM) in episodic migraine (EM) patients. Some of these alterations correlate with disease duration and headache frequency. We assessed GM alterations in chronic migraine (CM) and EM to evaluate the concept of migraine as a progressive disorder of the brain. METHODS: Individually age and sex-matched subjects with CM or EM (both without aura) and healthy controls (n = 21 per group) underwent magnetic resonance imaging-based VBM...
December 28, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002135/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#5
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002123/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#6
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981543/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-migraine-associated-vertigo
#7
N Wang, H-L Huang, H Zhou, C-Y Yu
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of migraine-associated vertigo (MV) on the cognitive state of patients and their quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients were enrolled in the study, including 40 diagnosed with MV, forty with a simple migraine and 40 healthy volunteers. Cognitive assessments were done using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE), and a battery of tests for cognitive functions in performance, memory, language, space and attention during interictal periods...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976606/the-progression-of-coeliac-disease-its-neurological-and-psychiatric-implications
#8
Giovanna Campagna, Mirko Pesce, Raffaella Tatangelo, Alessia Rizzuto, Irene La Fratta, Alfredo Grilli
The aim of the paper is to show the various neurological and psychiatric symptoms in coeliac disease (CD). CD is a T cell-mediated, tissue-specific autoimmune disease which affects genetically susceptible individuals after dietary exposure to proline- and glutamine-rich proteins contained in certain cereal grains. Genetics, environmental factors and different immune systems, together with the presence of auto-antigens, are taken into account when identifying the pathogenesis of CD. CD pathogenesis is related to immune dysregulation, which involves the gastrointestinal system, and the extra-intestinal systems such as the nervous system, whose neurological symptoms are evidenced in CD patients...
December 15, 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933636/primary-headaches-in-an-elderly-population-seeking-medical-care-for-cognitive-decline
#9
Michele Feleppa, Silvia Fucci, Marcelo E Bigal
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of specific headache disorders in a population older than 65 years seeking consultation due to memory problems or cognitive impairment. METHODS: We verified the occurrence of headache symptoms and the impact of headaches on daily life. Headaches were classified as per the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd edition (ICHD-2). All patients were screened with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), followed by the Selective Reminding Test and neuroimaging...
December 9, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902848/topiramate-in-migraine-prevention-a-2016-perspective
#10
Stephen D Silberstein
BACKGROUND: In evidence-based guidelines published in 2000, topiramate was a third-tier migraine preventive with no scientific evidence of efficacy; recommendation for its use reflected consensus opinion and clinical experience. Its neurostabilizing activity, coupled with its favorable weight profile, made topiramate an attractive alternative to other migraine preventives that caused weight gain. When guidelines for migraine prevention in episodic migraine were published in 2012, topiramate was included as a first-line option based on double-blind, randomized controlled trials involving nearly 3000 patients...
January 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895449/cadasil-presenting-with-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-report-of-a-case-and-description-of-the-first-family-in-northern-greece
#11
I Koutroulou, T Karapanayiotides, N Grigoriadis, D Karacostas
INTRODUCTION: CADASIL (cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy), the most common inherited cause of stroke and dementia in adults, has been described in six Greek families. Common presenting manifestations include migraine with aura, brain ischemia, mood disorders and cognitive decline. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) rarely occurs in CADASIL and only exceptionally as the first clinical manifestation. CASE DESCRIPTION: We have previously reported the sixth Greek family with CADASIL and in particular, two brothers in whom the genetic testing documented a classic mutation of the NOTCH3 gene (Arg169Cys)...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883293/psychological-mislabeling-of-chronic-pain-lessons-from-migraine-in-the-20th-century
#12
Howard B Pikoff
Starting with Freud, psychoanalytically oriented practitioners described a complex of unconscious conflicts, desires and personality traits they believed to be the primary cause of a wide range of medical disorders. This was the psychogenic model. With the advance of basic research and pharmacotherapy, the psychogenic model was gradually replaced by a biopsychobehavioral model. This model treats chronic pain as a biologically based disorder that can be influenced by psychological factors and lifestyle. The present paper argues that many patients with chronic pain may not be significantly impacted by psychological factors, and that for those who are, cognitive-behavioral therapy is the treatment of choice...
November 24, 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876311/circulating-biomarkers-in-cerebral-autosomal-dominant-arteriopathy-with-subcortical-infarcts-and-leukoencephalopathy-patients
#13
Francesca Pescini, Ida Donnini, Francesca Cesari, Serena Nannucci, Raffaella Valenti, Valentina Rinnoci, Anna Poggesi, Anna Maria Gori, Betti Giusti, Angela Rogolino, Alessandra Carluccio, Silvia Bianchi, Maria Teresa Dotti, Antonio Federico, Maurizio Balestrino, Enrico Adriano, Rosanna Abbate, Domenico Inzitari, Leonardo Pantoni
BACKGROUND: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited cerebral microangiopathy presenting with variable features, including migraine, psychiatric disorders, stroke, and cognitive decline and variable disability. On neuroimaging, CADASIL is characterized by leukoencephalopathy, multiple lacunar infarcts, and microbleeds. Previous studies suggest a possible role of endothelial impairment in the pathogenesis of the disease...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873376/extended-long-term-effects-of-cervical-vagal-nerve-stimulation-on-headache-intensity-frequency-and-affective-cognitive-headache-perception-in-drug-resistant-complex-partial-seizure-patients
#14
Bogdan Pintea, Kevin Hampel, Jan Boström, Rainer Surges, Hartmut Vatter, Ilana S Lendvai, Thomas M Kinfe
OBJECTIVES: Invasive vagal nerve stimulation (iVNS) is an established treatment option for drug-resistant focal seizures and has been assumed to diminish frequent co-incidental daily headache/migraine. However, long-term effects on cognitive/affective head pain perception, headache intensity/frequency are lacking. We therefore investigated potential iVNS-induced effects in patients with drug-resistant focal seizure and daily headache/migraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical database was used to select 325 patients with drug-resistant epilepsy treated by either iVNS plus best medical treatment (BMT) or BMT alone, compared to a healthy control group (HC)...
November 22, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873123/vestibular-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
Thyra Langhagen, Mirjam N Landgraf, Doreen Huppert, Florian Heinen, Klaus Jahn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to provide an actualized overview on vestibular migraine in childhood and adolescence, with focus on the epidemiology and clinical presentation as well as its treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Vertigo spells in childhood can evolve into other periodic syndromes and/or migraine types and persist even into adulthood. Vestibular migraine (VM) and benign paroxysmal vertigo are the most common causes of vertigo in children and adolescents...
December 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781952/a-novel-mutation-of-the-notch3-gene-in-a-chinese-pedigree-with-cadasil
#16
Xiaoxia Hou, Yudong Zhang, Hong Chen
BACKGROUND: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) results from NOTCH3 gene mutations, which lead to the degeneration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The clinical presentation of CADASIL patients is dependent on the impact of other vascular risk factors and the type of NOTCH3 mutation present. METHODS: Here, we report a rare pathogenic mutation on exon 14 of the NOTCH3 gene in a Chinese family affected by CADASIL with phenotypic peculiarities...
October 24, 2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773545/cadasil-mimicking-multiple-sclerosis-the-importance-of-clinical-and-mri-red-flags
#17
Stuti Joshi, Wayne Yau, Allan Kermode
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited small vessel disease, manifesting as recurrent ischaemic events, migraine with aura, behavioural disturbance and cognitive decline. We report two patients with CADASIL masquerading as multiple sclerosis (MS). A 23year old female presented with a visual scotoma and was discovered to have a corresponding retinal cotton wool spot. MRI brain revealed diffuse T2 hyperintensities suggestive of demyelination...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769879/individuals-with-tension-and-migraine-headaches-exhibit-increased-heart-rate-variability-during-post-stress-mindfulness-meditation-practice-but-a-decrease-during-a-post-stress-control-condition-a-randomized-controlled-experiment
#18
Muhammad Abid Azam, Joel Katz, Vina Mohabir, Paul Ritvo
BACKGROUND: Current research suggests that associations between headache conditions (migraine, tension) and imbalances in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) are due to stress-related dysregulation in the activity of the parasympathetic-sympathetic branches. Mindfulness meditation has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing pain-related distress, and in enhancing heart rate variability-a vagal-mediated marker of ANS balance. This study examined HRV during cognitive stress and mindfulness meditation in individuals with migraine and tension headaches...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742813/thalamo-cortical-network-activity-during-spontaneous-migraine-attacks
#19
Gianluca Coppola, Antonio Di Renzo, Emanuele Tinelli, Cherubino Di Lorenzo, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Vincenzo Parisi, Mariano Serrao, Jean Schoenen, Francesco Pierelli
OBJECTIVE: We used MRI to search for changes in thalamo-cortical networks and thalamic microstructure during spontaneous migraine attacks by studying at the same time structure with diffusion tensor imaging and resting state function in interconnected brain networks with independent component analysis. METHODS: Thirteen patients with untreated migraine without aura (MI) underwent 3T MRI scans during an attack and were compared to a group of 19 healthy controls (HC)...
November 15, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704257/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-childhood-migraine
#20
Kelsey Merison, Howard Jacobs
While the diagnosis of migraine in children is generally straightforward, treatment can seem complex with a number of medication choices, many of which are used "off label." Patients with intermittent migraines can often be managed with ibuprofen or naproxen taken as needed. Unfortunately, by the time that children present to our practice, they have often tried these medications without improvement. Triptans are frequently prescribed to these patients with good success. It is important to make the patient aware of the possible associated serotonergic reactions...
November 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
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