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Phyto steroid

Yogini Jaiswal, Zhitao Liang, Alan Ho, Hubiao Chen, Leonard Williams, Zhongzhen Zhao
Achyranthes bidentata and Achyranthes aspera are saponin and steroid rich medicinal plants, used extensively for therapeutic treatments in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Ayurveda. A. bidentata is reported to be one of the rare and extensively exploited medicinal plant species that face the issue of being endangered. Finding qualitative substitute with identical phyto-constituents contributing to similar composition and pharmacological benefits will help in reducing the burden of exploitation of the natural habitats of such plants...
February 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis
Anupam Ghosh, Indranil Bhattacharjee, Goutam Chandra
The present study was carried out to establish the hypolipidemic effect of a phyto-steroid compound isolated from the chloroform: methanol extract of fresh mature leaves of the plant Cestrum diurnum (Solanaceae: Solanales). Change in the haematological parameters was studied in normocholesterolemic albino rats after oral administration of single dose of isolated phytosteroid (2 mg/ day) up to 15 days and compared with control rats. Application of phytosteroid fraction resulted in a significant reduction in total plasma cholesterol and free cholesterol levels...
November 6, 2017: Natural Product Research
Yuxiao Lai, Huijuan Cao, Xinluan Wang, Shukui Chen, Ming Zhang, Nan Wang, Zhihong Yao, Yi Dai, Xinhui Xie, Peng Zhang, Xinsheng Yao, Ling Qin
Steroid-associated osteonecrosis (SAON) often requires surgical core decompression (CD) in the early stage for removal of necrotic bone to facilitate repair where bone grafts are needed for filling bone defect and avoiding subsequent joint collapse. In this study, we developed a bioactive composite scaffold incorporated with icariin, a unique phytomolecule that can provide structural and mechanical support and facilitate bone regeneration to fill into bone defects after surgical CD in established SAON rabbit model...
October 23, 2017: Biomaterials
Markus Warnke, Christian Jacoby, Tobias Jung, Michael Agne, Mario Mergelsberg, Robert Starke, Nico Jehmlich, Martin von Bergen, Hans-Hermann Richnow, Thomas Brüls, Matthias Boll
The denitrifying betaproteobacterium Sterolibacterium denitrificans serves as model organism for studying the oxygen-independent degradation of cholesterol. Here, we demonstrate its capability of degrading various globally abundant side chain containing zoo-, phyto- and mycosterols. We provide the complete genome that empowered an integrated genomics/proteomics/metabolomics approach, accompanied by the characterization of a characteristic enzyme of steroid side chain degradation. The results indicate that individual molybdopterin-containing steroid dehydrogenases are involved in C25-hydroxylations of steroids with different isoprenoid side chains, followed by the unusual conversion to C26-oic acids...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
Velan Athithan, Kotteazeth Srikumar
Plant steroids are being recognized as influential secondary bio factors, assimilating in animal tissues through diet and affecting their cellular metabolic function to varying degree. They modulate catalytic and signaling functions in mammalian cells, affecting cellular homeostasis. The effect of phyto brassinosteroid ketoisoform 28-homocastasterone (28-HC), was assessed for its influence on blood glucose, plasma lipid and selective signal marker levels in normal and diabetic male wistar rat models. A 15 day oral feed regimen employing the experimental rat, noted that circulating blood glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride level in diabetic rat were markedly reduced by this compound...
November 1, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
Anna Krohmer, Martin Brehm, Volker Auwärter, Bela Szabo
The steroid hormone pregnenolone attenuates several in vivo behavioural and somatic effects of the phytocannabinoid Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, and it was suggested that pregnenolone can protect the brain from cannabis intoxication. The primary neuronal cannabinoid action behind most of the behavioural and somatic effects of cannabinoids is presynaptic inhibition of synaptic transmission. Therefore, the hypothesis of the present study was that pregnenolone attenuates the inhibition of synaptic transmission elicited by cannabinoids...
June 24, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Katarzyna Szarc Vel Szic, Ken Declerck, René A J Crans, Jolien Diddens, David B Scherf, Clarissa Gerhäuser, Wim Vanden Berghe
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by poor prognosis and a DNA hypomethylation profile. Withaferin A (WA) is a plant derived steroidal lactone which holds promise as a therapeutic agent for treatment of breast cancer (BC). We determined genome-wide DNA methylation changes in weakly-metastatic and aggressive, metastatic BC cell lines, following 72h treatment to a sub-cytotoxic concentration of WA. In contrast to the DNA demethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC), WA treatment of MDA-MB-231 cells rather tackles an epigenetic cancer network through gene-specific DNA hypermethylation of tumor promoting genes including ADAM metallopeptidase domain 8 (ADAM8), urokinase-type plasminogen activator (PLAU), tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily, member 12 (TNFSF12), and genes related to detoxification (glutathione S-transferase mu 1, GSTM1), or mitochondrial metabolism (malic enzyme 3, ME3)...
June 20, 2017: Oncotarget
Galib Ruknuddin, B J Patgiri, P K Prajapati, B K Ashok, B Ravishankar
INTRODUCTION: Arthritis is the most common cause of disability, limiting the activities of adults throughout the world. Apart from the conventional treatment strategies using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, and glucocorticoids, newer and safer drugs are continuously being searched, as long-term usage of these drugs have resulted in adverse effects. Besides this, currently a number of medicinal plants are under scientific evaluation to develop a promising remedy in these cases...
January 2015: Toxicology International
Eric R Prossnitz, Jeffrey B Arterburn
Estrogens are critical mediators of multiple and diverse physiologic effects throughout the body in both sexes, including the reproductive, cardiovascular, endocrine, nervous, and immune systems. As such, alterations in estrogen function play important roles in many diseases and pathophysiological conditions (including cancer), exemplified by the lower prevalence of many diseases in premenopausal women. Estrogens mediate their effects through multiple cellular receptors, including the nuclear receptor family (ERα and ERβ) and the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family (GPR30/G protein-coupled estrogen receptor [GPER])...
July 2015: Pharmacological Reviews
Monojit Debnath, Moulisha Biswas, Vinay J Shukla, K Nishteswar
BACKGROUND: Jyotishmati (Celastrus paniculatus Willd.) is a woody climber belongs to the family Celastraceae; a well known herbal nootropic, distributed through the tropical and subtropical regions of India. Its leaves are used in eye disease and headache. Very low qualitative and quantitative information about leaves have been documented to establish its quality and purity. AIM: Present study was conducted to evaluate physicochemical, phyto-chemical and HPTLC analysis of different solvent extracts of the C...
January 2014: Ayu
G K Ainooson, G Owusu, E Woode, C Ansah, K Annan
Trichilia monadelpha (Thonn) JJ De Wilde (Meliaceae) bark extract is used in African traditional medicine for the management of various disease conditions including inflammatory disorders such as arthritis. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-inflammatory properties of aqueous (TWE), alcoholic (TAE) and petroleum ether extract (TPEE) of T. monadelpha using the 7-day old chick-carrageenan footpad oedema (acute inflammation) and the adjuvant-induced arthritis model in rats (chronic inflammation)...
2012: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
Bhavna N Desai, Radha H Maharjan, Laxmipriya P Nampoothiri
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), characterized by ovulatory infertility and hyperandrogenism, is associated with metabolic complications such as dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. Almost 70% PCOS women have abnormal serum lipid levels (dyslipidemia) and 50% of these women are obese. Several classes of pharmacological agents have been used to manage dyslipidemia. However, studies have shown adverse effects associated with these drugs. In the light of alternate therapy, many medicinal herbs have been reported to show hypoglycemic, anti-hyperlipidemic potential...
April 2012: Pharmacognosy Research
D V Babaskin, P N Chuntomov, I A Pozhidaev, E G Mosolova, A V Ter-Ovakimian
The objective of the present comparative study was to estimate the efficacy of the rehabilitative treatment of the patients presenting with knee joint osteoarthrosis using sinusoidal modulated current electrophoresis of a phytopreparation. It was shown that the combination of phyto- and electrotherapies allows to more efficaciously alleviate pain in the knee joint and improve its function than pharmacotherapy or its combination with amplipulse therapy. The proposed approach produces no adverse effects. Its ultimate effect is a marked improvement of the patients' quality of life...
November 2011: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Yuva Bellik, Si M Hammoudi, Fatiha Abdellah, Mokrane Iguer-Ouada, Laïd Boukraâ
Recently, much interest has been generated for a wide range of phyto-constituents with reports demonstrating their role in the modulation of inflammatory responses, including phenolics, alkaloids, and terpenoids. Natural products have long been, over the years, contributed to the development of modern therapeutic drugs. At present, steroids, antihistaminic drugs, suppressants or inhibitors of the release of mediators and the like have been used as anti-allergic agents. However, some of them lack immediate effectiveness or have central side effects...
May 2012: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
Chandana C Barua, Archana Talukdar, Shameem Ara Begum, Prabodh Borah, Mangala Lahkar
OBJECTIVE: To study the anxiolytic activity of methanol extract of Achyranthes aspera Linn (Amaranthaceae). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Swiss albino mice were used. Methanolic extract of Achyranthes aspera (MEAA) was administered in the doses of 100, 300 and 600 mg/kg p.o. Hole board (HB), open field (OF), elevated plus maze (EPM) and light/dark exploration (LDE) tests were used for determination of anxiolytic activity. RESULTS: The methanolic extract of Achyranthes aspera significantly increased the number and duration of head poking in HB test...
January 2012: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Sophie S Chen, Agnieszka Michael, Simon A Butler-Manuel
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the leading cause of death among gynecological malignancies worldwide. The five-year survival rates for stage IIIC and IV patients are 29% and 13%, respectively. Type-2 EOC cells have been found to be associated with this late stage disease. In contrast, women diagnosed in stage 1 disease, which mostly exhibits type-1 cells, have a high 5-year survival rate (90%). Recent progress in understanding the pathogenesis of EOC and inflammatory signaling pathways revealed that type-2 cells frequently express a deleted or mutated TP53 (60-80%), or aberrations in BRCA1 (30-60%) and BRCA2 (15-30%)...
January 2012: Discovery Medicine
Alexander Yemelyanov, Pankaj Bhalla, Ximing Yang, Andrey Ugolkov, Kenichi Iwadate, Apollon Karseladze, Irina Budunova
Androgen (AR) and glucocorticoid (GR) receptor signaling play opposing roles in prostate tumorigenesis: in prostate, AR acts as an oncogene, and GR is a tumor suppressor. Recently, we found that non-steroidal phyto-chemical Compound A (CpdA) is AR/GR modulator acting as anti-inflammatory anti-androgen. CpdA inhibits AR and prevents GR transactivation while enhancing GR transrepression. GR and AR are controlled by proteasomal degradation. We found that prolonged exposure of LNCaP, LNCaP-GR, DU145 and PC3 prostate carcinoma (PCa) cells to proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib (BZ) caused AR degradation and GR accumulation...
January 15, 2012: Cell Cycle
Vimala Thankappan Anitha, Johnson Marimuthu Antonisamy, Solomon Jeeva
OBJECTIVE: To examine the ethanol, aqueous, chloroform, benzene, acetone and petroleum ether extracts of, Hemigraphis colorata (H. colorata) leaves and stem and Elephantopus scaber (E. scaber) leaves, root and flower for the presence of phyto-constituents and screened the anti-bacterial activity against the selected pathogens. METHODS: The fresh materials were shade dried and powdered using the tissue blender. The dried and powered materials (50 g) were extracted successively with 200 mL of aqueous, acetone, benzene, chloroform, ethanol, and petroleum ether by using Soxhlet extractor for 8 h at a temperature not exceeding the boiling point of the solvent...
January 2012: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Vassiliki Pelekanou, Guy Leclercq
The present work reviews recent findings related to the action of steroidal (physiological) estrogens on normal mammary gland development and carcinogenesis, as well as effects of related environmental mediators (phyto- and xeno-estrogens), the role of which remains controversial. Orchestration by estrogen receptors (i.e. ERα and ERβ) and coregulators of growth, apoptosis and differentiation of epithelial cells, directed our analysis. The bidirectional coordination between epithelium and stroma in parallel with maintenance of stemness are also investigated...
2011: International Journal of Developmental Biology
Radha Maharjan, Padamnabhi S Nagar, Laxmipriya Nampoothiri
This is a preliminary study that explores the efficacy of Aloe vera gel formulation as a possible therapeutic agent in the prevention and management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is recognized as the most common endocrinopathy of women. Increased androgen synthesis, disrupted folliculogenesis, and insulin resistance lie at the patho-physiological core of PCOS. Current therapy for such a syndrome is use of insulin sensitizers. Large randomized clinical trials of metformin as the insulin-sensitizing drug, however, suggested that it produces many side effects after prolonged usage...
October 2010: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
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