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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729800/dentition-status-and-treatment-needs-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-on-anti-retro-viral-therapy-in-raichur-taluk-karnataka-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Shanthi Margabandhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the dentition status and the treatment needs of the HIV-positive patients on ART for more than a year in Raichur, Karnataka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was followed. The sample size was 170. The dentition status and treatment needs of the patients were recorded as per the WHO guidelines. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of dental caries was 79.4%. Males had higher percentage of dental caries than the females, and this was found to be statistically significant...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729586/award-winning-baby-toothbrush
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727163/dental-erosion-among-south-brazilian-adolescents-a-2-5-year-longitudinal-study
#3
C D Brusius, L S Alves, C Susin, M Maltz
OBJECTIVES: This population-based longitudinal study investigated the incidence, progression and risk factors for dental erosion among South Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: Eight hundred and one schoolchildren attending 42 public and private schools were clinically examined at 12 years of age; clinical examinations were repeated after 2.5 years (SD=0.3). After tooth cleaning and drying, permanent incisors and first molars were classified using the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) scoring criteria...
July 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721297/potential-application-of-bacillus-subtilis-spb1-lipopeptides-in-toothpaste-formulation
#4
Mouna Bouassida, Nada Fourati, Fatma Krichen, Raida Zouari, Semia Ellouz-Chaabouni, Dhouha Ghribi
Toothpaste is a gel dentifrice used with a toothbrush as an accessory to clean, keep and promote oral hygiene. The literature review suggests that there are many different formulations of toothpastes and that each of their individual components present specific functions. The concentration of the toothpaste ingredients must be appropriately chosen taking into account the purposes of the toothpaste. Biosurfactants are considered as suitable molecules for application in many formulations such as in toothpaste one...
July 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706615/novel-effects-of-traditional-wooden-toothbrush-on-bowel-motility-symptoms-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-findings-from-a-pilot-quasi-experimental-study
#5
Ebrahim Esfandiari, Awat Feizi, Zahra Heidari, Seyed Reza Tabibian, Pooria Shaabani, Bijan Iraj, Payman Adibi, Amrollah Ebrahimi Varzaneh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of traditional wooden toothbrush usage on most severe constipation, which usually occurs in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, 61 SCI patients were selected who had injuries in different spinal levels (cervical, thoracic, and lumbar), and severe constipation from one defection in a few days to 3 weeks. They were recommended to use traditional wooden toothbrush for 5 min twice a day, after breakfast and dinner, over a 6 weeks period...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701058/attitudes-and-behavioural-factors-relating-to-toothbrushing-and-the-use-of-fluoride-toothpaste-among-caries-active-swedish-adolescents-a-questionnaire-study
#6
Anna Nordström, Dowen Birkhed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify attitudes and behaviour relating to fluoride toothpaste and toothbrushing habits among caries-active Swedish adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study is based on an earlier clinical, two-year toothpaste intervention study. At the last appointment, 206 adolescents (of 211) answered a questionnaire comprising nine semi-closed questions. RESULTS: The majority (93%) brushed their teeth every day, while 7% did so only occasionally...
July 12, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682285/protocol-for-measurement-of-enamel-loss-from-brushing-with-an-anti-erosive-toothpaste-after-an-acidic-episode
#7
Mojdeh Dehghan, Jose Estevam Vieira Ozorio, Simon Chanin, Daranee Tantbirojn, Antheunis Versluis, Franklin Garcia-Godoy
Tooth erosion from an acidic insult may be exacerbated by toothbrushing. The purposes of this study were to develop an in vitro methodology to measure enamel loss after brushing immediately following an acidic episode and to investigate the effect of brushing with an anti-erosive toothpaste. The null hypotheses tested were that tooth erosion after brushing with the toothpaste would not be different from brushing with water and that a 1-hour delay before brushing would not reduce tooth erosion. Forty bovine enamel slabs were embedded, polished, and subjected to baseline profilometry...
July 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678966/efficacy-of-two-mouthwashes-with-cetylpyridinium-chloride-a-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Juliano Cavagni, Eduardo José Gaio, Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Nicolle Ranzan, Harry Juan Rivera Oballe, Stephanie Anagnostopoulos Friedrich, Raísa Maldonado Severo, Bernal Stewart, Yun Po Zhang
This study aimed to evaluate the anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis effects of two mouthwashes containing cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), in comparison to negative control mouthwash. One hundred and twenty subjects were randomly assigned to study groups: test (0.075% CPC and 0.28% zinc lactate), positive control (0.07% CPC) and negative control mouthwash without CPC. All volunteers were examined by a calibrated examiner for the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (Turesky modification) and Löe-Silness Gingival Index (GI)...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676902/finding-an-upper-limit-of-what-might-be-achievable-by-patients-oral-cleanliness-in-dental-professionals-after-self-performed-manual-oral-hygiene
#9
Renate Deinzer, René Schmidt, Daniela Harnacke, Jörg Meyle, Dirk Ziebolz, Thomas Hoffmann, Bernd Wöstmann
AIMS: Though patients have been shown to have difficulties in achieving oral cleanliness after self-performed oral hygiene, scientifically and empirically justified standards for the degree of oral cleanliness they should achieve are lacking. Oral cleanliness of dental staff was therefore assessed as an indicator of what might be an upper limit of what can be expected by patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multicentre study, N = 64 university dentists, N = 33 dental students and N = 30 dental assistants were asked to perform manual oral hygiene to the best of their abilities...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661811/oral-health-intervention-for-low-income-african-american-men-in-atlanta-georgia
#10
LaShawn M Hoffman, Latrice Rollins, Tabia Henry Akintobi, Katherine Erwin, Kimberly Lewis, Natalie Hernandez, Assia Miller
OBJECTIVES: To describe the Minority Men's Oral Health Dental Access Program (MOHDAP) intervention and report participants' outcomes and satisfaction. METHODS: MOHDAP was designed to increase the oral health knowledge of low-income, African American men in Atlanta, GA, in 2013. A community-based participatory approach and needs assessment guided the intervention development, which consisted of 3 educational modules delivered over a 2-day period. All participants (n = 45; mean age = 50 years) were African American men...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657701/clinical-effects-of-stabilized-stannous-fluoride-dentifrice-in-reducing-plaque-microbial-virulence-i-microbiological-and-receptor-cell-findings
#11
Malgorzata Klukowska, John Christian Haught, Sancai Xie, Ben Circello, Cheryl S Tansky, Deepa Khambe, Tom Huggins, Donald J White
OBJECTIVES: Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) and lipoteichoic acids (LTAs), or bacterial endotoxins, bind with Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that are expressed on host cells of the periodontium, thereby contributing to the periodontal pathogenicity of oral bacteria. Stannous fluoride (SnF2), an antibacterial fluoride that treats and controls gingivitis, has been shown to react with lipophilic domains/anionic charges in LPS and LTA. The effects of bacterial species and dental plaque on toll receptors can be studied using genetically engineered cell lines containing linked toll receptors on their surfaces...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655504/early-life-factors-and-dental-caries-in-5-year-old-children-in-china
#12
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Jennifer E Gallagher, Shuguo Zheng
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the association between early life factors and dental caries among 5-year-old Chinese children. METHODS: Data from 9,722 preschool children who participated in the third National Oral Health Survey of China were analysed. Information on early life (birth weight, breastfeeding and age when toothbrushing started), child (sex, ethnicity, birth order and dental behaviours) and family factors (parental education, household income, place of residence, number of children in the family, respondent's age and relation to the child) were obtained from parental questionnaires...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648853/next-generation-sequencing-of-oral-microbiota-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-prior-to-and-after-neem-stick-usage-and-correlation-with-serum-monocyte-chemoattractant-1
#13
Rubini Anbalagan, Padma Srikanth, Monika Mani, Ramya Barani, Krishna G Seshadri, R Janarthanan
INTRODUCTION: Oral microbiome impacts health and disease. T2DM and periodontitis are associated. Neem (Azadiracta indica) has antibacterial activity against oral microbiota. OBJECTIVES: To characterize oral microbiota (OMB) in saliva samples of T2DM patients by Next generation sequencing. To analyze MCP-1 levels among the T2DM patients before and after a month of neem stick usage as a toothbrush. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood and saliva samples were collected from adult T2DM patients before and after the neem stick usage...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646499/the-association-between-oral-hygiene-and-periodontitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Attawood Lertpimonchai, Sasivimol Rattanasiri, Sakda Arj-Ong Vallibhakara, John Attia, Ammarin Thakkinstian
OBJECTIVE: Dental plaque accumulation and inadequate personal oral hygiene (OH) are known major risk factors of periodontitis. Nevertheless, the magnitude of their effects has not yet been the subject of a meta-analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Medline and Scopus databases were searched up to May 2016. Observational studies were eligible if they assessed associations between OH and periodontitis in adult subjects. A multivariate random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the effects of fair/poor OH versus good OH on periodontitis across studies...
June 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642926/the-combined-effect-of-food-simulating-solutions-brushing-and-staining-on-color-stability-of-composite-resins
#15
Tânia Mara Da Silva, Ana Luísa Leme Simões Sales, Cesar Rogerio Pucci, Alessandra Bühler Borges, Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres
Objective: This study evaluated the effect of food-simulating media associated with brushing and coffee staining on color stability of different composite resins. Materials and methods: Eighty specimens were prepared for each composite: Grandio SO (Voco), Amaris (Voco), Filtek Z350XT (3M/ESPE), Filtek P90 (3M/ESPE). They were divided into four groups according to food-simulating media for 7 days: artificial saliva (control), heptane, citric acid and ethanol. The composite surface was submitted to 10,950 brushing cycles (200 g load) in an automatic toothbrushing machine...
January 2017: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635358/disability-and-the-impact-of-need-for-periodontal-care-on-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Maha El Tantawi, Adel AlAgl
Objective The need for periodontal care may negatively impact daily life. We compared the need for periodontal care and its impact on daily life between disabled and healthy adults in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Methods In this cross-sectional study of 819 adults, a questionnaire was used to assess personal background factors; the impact of periodontitis on pain, avoiding foods, embarrassment, sleeplessness, work absence, and discontinuing daily activities; and risk factors (smoking, diabetes, toothbrushing, insurance, professional tooth cleaning, and dental visits)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#17
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#18
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623465/tooth-brushing-motion-patterns-with-manual-and-powered-toothbrushes-a-randomised-video-observation-study
#19
C Ganss, R Duran, T Winterfeld, N Schlueter
INTRODUCTION: Systematic reviews have shown that powered toothbrushes (PTs) are more effective than manual toothbrushes (MTs), but with only minor effect sizes. Whether PTs are used adequately, however, has not been investigated so far. The aim of the present study was therefore to analyse motion habits with PT in comparison to MT toothbrushes by video observation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred subjects were enrolled in this observational trial and brushed their teeth in randomised order with a MT and PT while being video-filmed, resulting in 95 analysable sets of recordings...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621269/tooth-wear-patterns-among-khat-and-shammah-users-in-jazan-city-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Mohammed E Sayed, Ammar D Hamdi, Bassam M Hakami, Maryam H Mugri, Shilpa H Bhandi
AIM: The effect of Khat and Shammah habits, with the para-functional jaw activities that accompany them, on the structure and integrity of the natural dentition has not yet been investigated. The literature lacks studies that identify the patterns of tooth wear among Khat and Shammah users. Therefore, this study is the first attempt to address this concern in Jazan City population, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among 300 recruits among dental clinics in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from October 1, 2015, to April 30, 2016...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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