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M Althuizius, G Lefer, P Bourdon, S Lopez Cazaux
BACKGROUND: The oral diseases of people with disabilities are the same as those observed in the general population but occur earlier and more intensely. Primary prevention, especially toothbrushing, is at the forefront of the appropriate management of these patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of a digital application on iPad® as mediator for learning toothbrushing in children with disabilities. METHODS: Twelve children from a care-center were included in this preliminary study...
March 9, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Sven-Olav Pabel, Franziska Freitag, Valentina Hrasky, Antonia Zapf, Annette Wiegand
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of differential learning of toothbrushing compared to habitual toothbrushing and instruction/demonstration of toothbrushing on plaque reduction and gingival inflammation of primary school children. METHODS: Children (6-9 years) were subjected to a toothbrushing training consisting of 15 days (3 × 5 days, interval 2 days, 3 min/day) and randomly assigned to one of three groups (each n = 18): habitual toothbrushing/control, instruction/demonstration of toothbrushing, differential learning of toothbrushing...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Georgios A Kotsakis, Qinshu Lian, Andreas L Ioannou, Bryan S Michalowicz, Mike John, Haitao Chu
BACKGROUND: A wide selection of Interdental Oral Hygiene (IOH) aids is available to consumers. Recommendations for selection are, however, limited by the lack of direct comparisons in available studies. We aimed to assess the comparative efficacy of IOH aids using Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis (BNMA). METHODS: Two independent reviewers performed a systematic literature review of randomized clinical trials assessing IOH aids, based on a focused question. Gingival inflammation (Gingival Index (GI), Bleeding-on-probing (BOP)) was the primary outcome and plaque and probing depth were secondary outcomes A random-effects arm-based BNMA model was run for each outcome; posterior medians and 95% credible-intervals (CIs) summarized marginal distributions of parameters...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
E Arat Maden, C Altun, G Guven Polat, F Basak
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fluoride, Xylitol, Probiotic, and Whitening toothpastes on the permanent teeth enamel roughness and microhardness. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty teeth were randomly divided into 2 groups, each group having 60 samples. G1: The group in which enamel roughness was examined (n = 60). G2: The group in which enamel microhardness was examined (n = 60). Then, these groups were randomly divided into 4 groups among themselves (n = 15)...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Manika Agarwal, Emily Wible, Tyler Ramir, Sibel Altun, Grace Viana, Carla Evans, Henry Lukic, Spiro Megremis, Phimon Atsawasuwan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term effects of seven different cleaning methods on light transmittance, surface roughness, and flexural modulus of a polyurethane retainer material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polyurethane retainer specimens (Vivera®, Align Technology Inc) (70 specimens, n = 10 per method, 50.8 mm × 12.7 mm × 1.0 mm) were exposed to seven cleaning methods twice a week for 6 months. Before treatment and after 6 months, light transmittance, surface roughness, and flexural modulus of the specimens were quantified...
March 6, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
W F Vieira-Junior, L N Ferraz, Nip Pini, Gmb Ambrosano, Fhb Aguiar, Cpm Tabchoury, Danl Lima
AIM: To investigate the effect of different toothpaste formulations used prior to dental bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) on the mineral content and surface morphology of enamel. METHODS: Seventy bovine enamel blocks (4×4×2 mm) were submitted to in vitro treatment protocols using a toothbrushing machine prior to dental bleaching or a placebo procedure (n=10) as proposed in the following groups: unbleached control (PLA), bleached control (HP), and brushing with differing toothpastes prior to HP bleaching, including: potassium nitrate toothpaste containing sodium fluoride (PN), sodium monofluorophosphate/MFP toothpaste (FT), arginine-carbonate (8% arginine) (PA) or arginine-carbonate (1...
March 2018: Operative Dentistry
Muhammad Asif Rasheed, Ali Kashif, Aneeqa Naz, Sikandar Ali
Toothbrush is a rare foreign body to be ingested accidentally. The unusual shape of the toothbrush with no theoretical possibility of spontaneous passage mandates an interventional approach. If left untreated, it can lead to pressure necrosis, bleeding, perforation and ulceration. An endoscopic attempt in an expert clinic if available is the ideal approach. If failed, surgical management by laparoscope or mini laparotomy should be done. The evaluation for underlying psychiatric disorders like bulimia, schizophrenia or generalized eating disorder should be considered to prevent such recurrence...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Ilham Mounssif, Martina Stefanini, Claudio Mazzotti, Matteo Marzadori, Matteo Sangiorgi, Giovanni Zucchelli
Treatment of buccal gingival recession is performed for esthetic concerns, root sensitivity, root caries and cervical abrasion resulting from incorrect toothbrushing. Over the years, clinicians and researchers have improved surgical techniques to achieve surrogate end points, such as complete root coverage, gingival recession reduction or keratinized tissue increase, ignoring the input from the patient regarding the true indications for treatment. In the past few years there has been an emphasis to include patient-centered outcomes in the evaluation of root-coverage procedures...
March 4, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Alessandro Quaranta, Olivia Marchisio, Orlando D'Isidoro, Anna-Maria Genovesi, Ugo Covani
BACKGROUND: It is well known that poor oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment may lead to development of gingivitis, probing pocket depth, hyperplastic tissue, decalcification, dental caries and white spot lesions on the coronal surfaces of teeth. METHODS: 22 patients with the following inclusion criteria were enrolled in the present study: fixed orthodontic treatment , 12-18 years, systemically healthy , no history of periodontal treatment, periodontal health or gingivitis...
February 13, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
M A R Buzalaf, A C Magalhães, D Rios
This article provides an overview of the nutritional and patient-related risk factors involved in the aetiology of erosive tooth wear (ETW) and the preventive strategies to counteract them. The first step is to diagnose clinical signs of ETW and to recognise causal factors. Low pH and high buffer capacity of foods/drinks are the major risk factors, while the calcium concentration is the main protective factor. Reduction of frequency of consumption and contact time of erosive foods/drinks with the teeth, use of straws appropriately positioned and consumption of dairy products are advisable...
March 2, 2018: British Dental Journal
M De Nutte, E Behaeghe, G A van der Weijden, W Coucke, W Teughels, M Quirynen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To the best of our knowledge, the healing time for toothbrush-induced gingival abrasions in humans has not yet been explored. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time needed to heal for toothbrush-induced abrasions of the keratinized mucosa of the palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In patients without, with mild periodontitis or with periodontitis, gingival abrasion lesions were induced at the keratinized mucosa of the palate by brushing up to 2 minutes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
Vanessa Feitosa Alves, Vanderlúcia Gomes Moreira, Andréia Felix Soares, Luísa Simões de Albuquerque, Helene Soares Moura, Alisson de Oliveira Silva, Fábio Correia Sampaio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate retention of intraoral fluoride in biofilm and saliva, an experimental dentifrice containing hydrocolloid (tara gum) was used as a controlled-release system for fluoride (F). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a triple-blind randomized crossover trial with washout, 18 individuals used the following different dentifrices for a week: 100-TGF (sodium fluoride NaF associated with tara gum, 1100 mg/L), 50-TGF (50% NaF associated with tara gum + 50% free NaF, 1100 mg/L), PC (free NaF, 1100 mg/L), TG (with tara gum and without F), and placebo (without F or tara gum)...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Najith Amarasena, Andrew John Spencer, Kaye F Roberts-Thomson, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of dental knowledge with dental service utilization over 2 years in South Australians aged 45-54 years. METHODS: In 2004-2005, a random sample of 2469 adults aged 45-54 years from Adelaide, South Australia, who were selected from the Australian electoral roll was surveyed. The outcome variables were the numbers of visits and dental services received over 2 years. Data were analysed using log-binomial and Poisson regression...
February 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
A H AlShehab, A A AlHazoom, M H Alowa, H A AlAli, A A Abdulmohsen, I Farooq
OBJECTIVE: To compare the brushing abrasion carried out by manual toothbrushes with different bristle types (hard and soft) on normal and demineralized human enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty enamel blocks (N = 30) were prepared and were randomly divided into three main groups: A, teeth kept in artificial saliva with no brushing (control, n = 2); B, teeth brushed with toothbrushes with hard bristles (n = 14); and C, teeth brushed with toothbrushes with soft bristles (n = 14)...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Manish Khatri, Aamir Shams Malik, Mansi Bansal, Komal Puri, Geeti Gupta, Ashish Kumar
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of supragingival oral irrigation either with water or different concentrations of chlorhexidine (CHX) digluconate as an adjunct to toothbrushing on plaque accumulation in chronic generalized gingivitis patients. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients were randomly allocated into five groups. Group 1: toothbrushing alone, Group 2: toothbrushing with mouthwash, Group 3: toothbrushing with water irrigation, Group 4: toothbrushing with 0...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Scilla Sparabombe, Marisa Roncati, Riccardo Monterubbianasi, Alberto Catellani, Lamberto Manzoli, Fabrizio Bambini, Maurizio Procaccini, Angelo Putignano, Giovanna Orsini
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of a disposable gauze soaked with chlorhexidine and rolled up on the finger vs chlorhexidine mouth rinse (CM) to maintain oral hygiene. METHODS: In this single-blind, randomized trial, both groups were instructed to brush their teeth and use the 0.12% chlorhexidine intervention twice per day (experimental group: toothbrushing + chlorhexidine-soaked gauze; control group: toothbrushing + mouth rinse). The main outcome was the change in full mouth plaque index scores from baseline to 2 weeks...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Emily Forward, Victoria Harris, Saxon D Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
Tove Irene Wigen, Christine Sophie Baumgartner, Nina Johanne Wang
OBJECTIVE: The first aim was to describe presence of plaque, caries and oral health behaviours in 2-year-old children. The second aim was to measure increments in caries experience from 2 to 5 years of age and to study whether national background, visible plaque, caries and oral health behaviour at 2 years of age were associated with increments in caries experience. METHODS: The study population consisted of 392 children, of whom 211 were monitored from 2 to 5 years of age...
February 13, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Sandhya P Naik, Sameer Punathil, Praveena Shetty, Ipsita Jayanti, Md Jalaluddin, Anisha Avijeeta
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of different bristle designs of toothbrushes and the periodontal status among patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) consisted of 45 adolescents (comprising 20 males and 25 females) undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. The study participants were randomly allocated to three groups, each group being assigned a locally available toothbrush with a particular design of toothbrush bristle...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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