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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532895/motivational-interviewing-to-promote-oral-health-in-adolescents
#1
Lingli Wu, Xiaoli Gao, Edward C M Lo, Samuel M Y Ho, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
PURPOSE: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a counseling strategy to help people change their behaviors. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of MI in improving adolescents' oral health. METHODS: Fifteen secondary schools were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) prevailing health education, (II) MI, and (III) MI coupled with interactive dental caries risk assessment (MI + RA). Adolescents (n = 512) with unfavorable oral health behaviors (infrequent toothbrushing and/or frequent snacking) were recruited; 161, 163, and 188 in groups I-III, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530007/preventive-effect-of-cpp-acpf-paste-and-fluoride-toothpastes-against-erosion-and-erosion-plus-abrasion-%C3%A2-in-vitro-a-3d-profilometric-analysis
#2
Genaina Guimarães Soares, Pâmela Amorim Magalhães, Ana Beatriz Monteiro Fonseca, Monica Almeida Tostes, Eduardo Moreira da Silva, Thereza Christina Lopes Coutinho
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of CPP-ACPF paste and fluoride toothpastes on enamel subjected to erosion and erosion plus abrasion in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 220 human enamel blocks were divided into eleven groups (n = 20): CPP-ACPF paste (MPP), potassium nitrate/sodium fluoride toothpaste (PE), sodium fluoride toothpaste (FD), fluoride-free toothpaste (SO) and control (erosion only with no paste or toothpastes; CO) according to the experimental design: erosion or erosion plus abrasion immediately after erosion (ERO+I-ABR) or 30 min after erosion (ERO+30min-ABR)...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521109/cost-effectiveness-of-caries-prevention-in-practice-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
C O'Neill, H V Worthington, M Donaldson, S Birch, S Noble, S Killough, L Murphy, M Greer, J Brodison, R Verghis, M Tickle
A 2-arm parallel-group randomized controlled trial measured the cost-effectiveness of caries prevention in caries-free children aged 2 to 3 y attending general practice. The setting was 22 dental practices in Northern Ireland. Participants were centrally randomized into intervention (22,600 ppm fluoride varnish, toothbrush, a 50-mL tube of 1,450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and standardized prevention advice) and control (advice only), both provided at 6-monthly intervals during a 3-y follow-up. The primary outcome measure was conversion from caries-free to caries-active states assessed by calibrated and blinded examiners; secondary outcome measures included decayed, missing, or filled teeth surfaces (dmfs); pain; and extraction...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512391/a-foreign-body-toothbrush-in-the-esophagus-of-a-patient-with-hiatal-hernia
#4
Marisa Klancnik, Maja Grgec, Nikola Perković, Petar Ivanišević, Nikola Kolja Poljak
Toothbrush ingestion is rare and most commonly seen in patients with psychiatric comorbidities and in young women with a medical history of eating disorders who try to induce emesis. Long ingested objects, such as a toothbrush, cannot pass the gastrointestinal tract spontaneously and require endoscopic removal or even a surgical approach in cases of unsuccessful endoscopic removal or complication development. We present a case of a 71-year-old male with hiatal hernia without psychiatric or neurological comorbidity who accidentally ingested a toothbrush during oral hygiene routine...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511509/comparative-evaluation-of-colour-stability-and-surface-hardness-of-methacrylate-based-flowable-and-packable-composite-in-vitro-study
#5
Saron Ramesh Nair, Nandini Thipannanavar Niranjan, Arun Jayasheel, Deepak Bythnal Suryakanth
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of new technology in material sciences in recent years, the quality of composite resin restorations has improved; however, discolouration and wear of composite resin materials remains to be a major problem in long-term clinical studies. AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the colour stability and surface hardness of methacrylate based flowable nano composite with methacrylate based packable nano composite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The difference in colour stability and microhardness of the three composites: G aenial Universal Flo (GC India), Filtek Z350XT (3MESPE) and Tetric N Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent) were evaluated...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509517/impact-of-providing-free-preventive-dental-products-without-health-workers-counselling-on-infants-tooth-brushing-and-bottle-feeding-termination-practices-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
E Joury, M Alghadban, K Elias, R Bedi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of an integrated oral health promotion intervention, within the Syrian national immunisation programme, which provided free preventive dental health products, without health workers' counselling, on one-year-old infants' tooth-brushing and bottle-feeding termination practices. RESEARCH DESIGN: a randomised controlled parallel-group trial. SETTING: A maternal and child health centre in Sweida city, Syria...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507383/short-term-antibacterial-efficacy-of-a-new-silver-nanoparticle-containing-toothbrush
#7
Ozgul Baygin, Tamer Tuzuner, Nagehan Yilmaz, Simge Aksoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494116/randomised-clinical-study-of-plaque-removal-efficacy-of-a-power-toothbrush-in-a-paediatric-population
#8
Esti Davidovich, Renzo Alberto Ccahuana-Vasquez, Hans Timm, Julie Grender, Pam Cunningham, Avi Zini
BACKGROUND: Clinical investigations of plaque removal efficacy of power toothbrushes in children are limited. AIM: To compare plaque removal of a power versus manual toothbrush in a paediatric population. DESIGN: This was a randomised, replicate-use, single-brushing, examiner-blinded, two-treatment, four-period crossover clinical trial in children 8-11 years of age. Subjects were randomly assigned to a treatment sequence involving an oscillating-rotating power toothbrush and a manual toothbrush control...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492199/an-infant-case-of-intraoral-penetrating-injury-with-a-toothbrush-causing-retropharyngeal-and-upper-mediastinal-emphysema
#9
Kei Jitsuiki, Ayako Hashimoto, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Youichi Yanagawa
A 2-year-old male child who was running and fell with a toothbrush in his mouth suffered an injury to the inside of his right cheeks. His mother noticed that the toothbrush had impaled his mouth, and removed it. On arrival, a wound was observed on the right cheeks and palate. His general condition was good. However, computed tomography revealed emphysema from the left side of epipharynx to the upper mediastinum. This patient shows the importance of not only checking the medical history and performing a physical examination but also performing an imaging examination...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492196/comparative-evaluation-of-effect-of-use-of-toothbrush-with-paste-and-munident-on-levels-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-gingival-health-in-children-an-in-vivo-study
#10
Rashmi N Shetty, Sowmya B Shetty, Sruthi Janardhanan, Shamila Shetty, Sharan Shetty, Kiran Raj
AIM: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which has a deleterious effect on the oral cavity. Improper oral hygiene habits are a cause for the same. The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of Munident, an Ayurvedic (herbal) dentifrice with commercially available toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of forty subjects between the age group 9 and 12 years, resident of Bala Yeshu Nilaya Bhavan, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, were chosen for our study...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492192/association-between-family-structure-and-oral-health-of-children-with-mixed-dentition-in-suburban-nigeria
#11
Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Kikelomo Adebanke Kolawole, Elizabeth O Oziegbe, Titus A Oyedele, Hakeem O Agbaje, Nneka Kate Onjejaka, Victor Olasegun Oshomoji
CONTEXT: Family structures can affect the oral health of the child. However, little is known about the impact of the family structure on oral health of children in Africa. AIMS: To determine the association between family structure, twice daily toothbrushing, use of fluoridated toothpaste, caries, and oral hygiene status of 5-12-year-old children resident in semi-urban Nigeria. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the data of 601 children recruited through a household survey conducted in Ile-Ife, Nigeria...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469813/evaluation-of-ex-vivo-effectiveness-of-commercial-desensitizing-dentifrices
#12
Hanny Mockdeci, Hudson Polonini, Isadora Martins, Ana-Paula Granato, Nádia Raposo, Maria-das Graças Chaves
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity is a short, severe pain with fast onset. Therapy aims to either prevent or decrease neural transmission or physically occlude the dentinal tubules. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of commercial desensitizing dentifrice by means of an ex vivo method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Samples (n=8 lower human premolars for each group) were randomly allocated into: G1- brushing with Colgate®Sensitive Pro-Relief; G2- brushing with Sensodyne®Rapid Relief; G3- brushing with Sensodyne®Repair & Protect; and G4- brushing with Colgate®Maximum Cavity Protection...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467020/the-association-of-medications-with-sedative-properties-with-oral-health-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#13
A Tiisanoja, A-M Syrjälä, K Komulainen, S Hartikainen, H Taipale, M Knuuttila, P Ylöstalo
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether drugs with sedative properties are related to oral health behaviour-such as frequency of toothbrushing, using toothpaste and dental visits-and oral hygiene, measured by the number of teeth with dental plaque, among community-dwelling older people. METHODS: The study population consisted of 159 community-dwelling, dentate, non-smoking, older people from the Oral Health GeMS study (Geriatric Multidisciplinary Strategy for the Good Care of Older People study)...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462177/infant-and-child-oral-health-risk-status-correlated-to-behavioral-habits-of-parents-or-caregivers-a-survey-in-central-italy
#14
Iole Vozza, Francesca Capasso, Elisa Marrese, Antonella Polimeni, Livia Ottolenghi
AIM: The aim of this survey was to evaluate the knowledge and awareness of parents and caregivers about potential oral health risk factors for their children in their first months of life (3-30 months). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participation to the survey was proposed to all parents or caregivers of children attending the public consulting service in Latina for mandatory vaccinations during the period of June to August 2014. A self-administered questionnaire was completed to obtain information regarding demographic variables, infant feeding practice, maternal oral health during and after pregnancy, children's oral hygiene habits and risk behaviors (e...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445623/life-threatening-injury-caused-by-complete-impalement-of-a-toothbrush-case-report
#15
Akiko Umibe, Kazuhiro Omura, Takuya Hachisu, Utaro Anazawa, Yasuhiro Tanaka
Toothbrushes are the most common cause of foreign body injury to the oral cavity in children, but complete impalement by a toothbrush is an extremely rare occurrence and has not been reported previously. This report describes a 28-month girl who fell from a one-meter ledge while brushing her teeth. Her toothbrush penetrated the oral cavity and could not be removed, so she was rushed to the hospital with the toothbrush in place. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed penetration of the toothbrush from the oral cavity into and through the right posterior neck at the level of the bifurcation of the common carotid artery...
April 26, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439574/randomized-clinical-trial-on-the-efficacy-of-electric-and-manual-toothbrushes-in-plaque-removal-and-gingivitis-control-in-visually-impaired-school-students
#16
Tian Qiang Cui, Huan Cai Lin, Edward C M Lo, Ye Tao, Yan Zhou, Qing Hui Zhi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of electric or manual toothbrushes in plaque removal and gingivitis control in visually impaired adolescents. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A randomized, controlled, examiner-blind crossover design was used in the study. Study subjects were 12- to 16-year-old visually impaired students from the School for the Blind in Guangzhou. Students in the test group used electric toothbrushes, whereas those in the control group used manual toothbrushes...
April 24, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435376/comparative-evaluation-of-antimicrobial-efficacy-of-an-alternative-natural-agent-for-disinfection-of-toothbrushes
#17
R Vignesh, C Vishnu Rekha, Parisa Norouzi Baghkomeh, Sankar Annamalai, Ditto Sharmin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the antimicrobial potency of aqueous extract of Psidium guajava leaves in two different concentrations as a toothbrush disinfectant against three oral bacterial species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aqueous extracts of P. guajava leaves were prepared at 20% and 30% concentrations and 0.2% chlorhexidine was used as control. The toothbrushes were equally divided into 9 groups with 10 toothbrushes per disinfectant, which were contaminated with Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Enterococcus faecalis...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435373/comparative-clinical-efficacy-of-three-toothpastes-in-the-control-of-supragingival-calculus-formation
#18
Petcharat Kraivaphan, Cholticha Amornchat
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this double-blind, parallel clinical study was to assess clinical efficacy in supragingival calculus formation reduction using Abhaibhubejhr Herbal Toothpaste compared to Colgate Total and Colgate Cavity Protection toothpastes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 subjects participated in the pretest phase. All subjects were given oral soft/hard tissue evaluation, calculus examination using Volpe-Manhold calculus, and whole mouth oral prophylaxis...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422463/gingival-health-and-plaque-regrowth-response-following-a-four-week-interdental-hygiene-intervention
#19
Anthony Mwatha, Misty Olson, Sonia Souza, Marilyn Ward, Wendy Jenkins, Pejmon Amini, John Gallob, Theresa Fafard
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of three adjunct interproximal cleaning methods versus a manual toothbrush alone on gingivitis, and demonstrate that the Philips Sonicare AirflossPro™ interproximal (IP) cleaning device provides a similar reduction in gingivitis and plaque compared to string floss. METHODS: A randomized, single-blind, parallel-design study was conducted on generally healthy adults exhibiting mild to moderate gingivitis. Eligible subjects were non-smokers, aged 18-65 years, with ≥ 0...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422462/a-comparison-of-the-effect-of-two-power-toothbrushes-on-the-gingival-health-and-plaque-status-of-subjects-with-moderate-gingivitis
#20
Michelle Starke, Marcia Delaurenti, Marilyn Ward, Sonia Souza, Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of the Philips Sonicare DiamondClean plus Premium plaque control brush head with the Oral-B 7000 plus CrossAction brush head on gingivitis and supragingival plaque reduction following a 42-day period of home use. METHODS: This was a randomized, parallel, examiner-blind, prospective clinical trial conducted on generally healthy subjects. Eligible subjects met the following eligibility criteria: age 18-65, non-smoker, routine manual toothbrush user, ≥ 50 sites of gingival bleeding per the Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI), and ≥ 1...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
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