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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139567/effectiveness-of-an-oral-health-educational-intervention-for-individuals-with-special-health-care-needs-from-a-southern-brazilian-city
#1
Andreia Drawanz Hartwig, Vanessa Müller Stüermer, Ivam Freire da Silva-Júnior, Lisandrea Rocha Schardosim, Marina Sousa Azevedo
AIM: To assess the effects of an oral health education strategy targeted at students with disabilities. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study included students aged 7 to 24 years. The intervention was conducted for 5 weeks and divided into 2 phases: (1) comprising supervised toothbrushing and educational activities to students; (2) verbal oral health instructions and oral hygiene demonstration targeted at the caregivers. A clinical examination was conducted to evaluate the dental debris and gingival bleeding before the intervention, and the Wilcoxon test was performed after phase 1 and 2 for comparisons between paired samples...
November 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130527/the-utility-of-oral-brush-cytology-in-the-early-detection-of-oral-cancer-and-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Abdulhameed Husain, Omar Kujan, Camile S Farah
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to analyze the published evidence for the use of oral brush cytology for the early detection of oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs). METHODS: Literature was systematically searched through several databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library and Web of Science. Additional review was performed through cross checks on the bibliographies of selected articles. The inclusion criteria involved studies assessing the utility of oral brush cytology on human tissues and its applications in the diagnosis, screening or surveillance of oral cancer or OPMDs...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122070/caretakers-self-selected-oral-health-goals-self-efficacy-perceived-compliance-and-effect-on-recall-attendance
#3
Travis Nelson, Marcio A da Fonseca, JoAnna M Scott, Najmeh Hannanvash, Phillip Weinstein
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe caretakers' self-selected pediatric oral health goals, self-reported compliance, perceived self-efficacy, and perceived barriers to goal accomplishment. The effect of self-management plans on recall attendance was also evaluated. METHODS: Fifty caretaker-patient pairs who presented for examinations at a university pediatric dental clinic were assigned to an intervention group. Fifty age-matched subjects were assigned to the comparison group...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119741/supervised-toothbrushing-programs-in-primary-schools-and-early-childhood-settings-a-scoping-review
#4
V Dickson-Swift, A Kenny, M Gussy, A M de Silva, J Farmer, S Bracksley-O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: In this article we report the findings of a scoping review that aimed to identify and summarise the range of programs and guidelines available for toothbrushing programs in schools and early childhood settings. Dental caries is one of the most common preventable diseases affecting children worldwide. Untreated caries can impact on child health and wellbeing, development, socialisation and school attendance. Supervised toothbrushing programs in schools and other early childhood settings can be effective in improving the oral health of young children...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118254/comparison-of-two-manual-toothbrushes-in-effectiveness-of-plaque-removal-a-pilot-study
#5
Ruth E Conn, Donna Warren-Morris, Thomas J Prihoda, Beatriz M Hicks, Emelda E Hernandez
Purpose: This pilot study compared the effectiveness of plaque removal of two manual toothbrushes; a novel toothbrush design and a control reference toothbrush.Methods: Thirty-eight individuals meeting specific criteria consented to participate and were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Subjects were given both study toothbrushes eight days prior to data collection to use on alternate days for two minutes twice daily for familiarization. Subjects refrained from any oral hygiene procedures for twenty-four hours prior to data collection at which time a baseline plaque score was recorded using the O'Leary Plaque Control Record...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117656/knowledge-attitudes-and-habits-regarding-oral-health-in-first-and-final-year-dental-students
#6
Mia Lujo, Marko Meštrović, Ana Ivanišević Malčić, Jurica Matijević, Silvana Jukić
The purpose of the research was to compare oral health behavior and plaque indices between Croatian first-year and final-year dental students. Therefore, 46.9% of first-year and 47% of final-year dental students were surveyed using the Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory (HU-DBI) questionnaire and had their plaque indices determined. Descriptive statistics analysis, nonparametric tests, and correlation analysis were performed (p<0.05). Sixth-year students had a significantly better mean HU-DBI score (8...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082004/acute-necrotising-gingivitis-in-young-children-from-villages-with-and-without-noma-in-niger-and-its-association-with-sociodemographic-factors-nutritional-status-and-oral-hygiene-practices-results-of-a-population-based-survey
#7
Denise Baratti-Mayer, Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Norbert Cionca, Mahamadou Abdoulaye Mossi, Didier Pittet, Andrea Mombelli
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that acute necrotising gingivitis precedes noma disease and that noma clusters in some villages in certain regions of low- and middle-income countries. We sought to assess the prevalence of gingivitis with bleeding in young children from villages with or without a history of noma and to analyse epidemiological differences related to sociodemographic characteristics, nutritional status and oral hygiene practices. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 440 children aged between 2 and 6 years from four villages in the Zinder region of southeast Niger in Africa...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078109/monitoring-oral-health-of-people-in-early-intervention-for-psychosis-eip-teams-the-extended-three-shires-randomised-trial
#8
Clive E Adams, Nicola Clark Wells, Andrew Clifton, Hannah Jones, Jayne Simpson, Graeme Tosh, Patrick Callaghan, Peter Liddle, Boliang Guo, Vivek Furtado, Mariam A Khokhar, Vishal R Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: The British Society for Disability and Oral Health guidelines made recommendations for oral health care for people with mental health problems, including providing oral health advice, support, promotion and education. The effectiveness of interventions based on these guidelines on oral health-related outcomes in mental health service users is untested. OBJECTIVE: To acquire basic data on the oral health of people with or at risk of serious mental illness...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067803/nylon-bristles-and-elastomers-retain-centigram-levels-of-triclosan-and-other-chemicals-from-toothpastes-accumulation-and-uncontrolled-release
#9
Jie Han, Wei Qiu, Elizabeth C Campbell, Jason C White, Baoshan Xing
Triclosan (TCS), a broad-spectrum antimicrobial, is used in commercial toothpastes with reported dental benefits. Our studies on 22 popular manual toothbrushes in the U.S. showed that common toothbrush head components can accumulate substantial amounts of TCS after brushing with TCS-formulated toothpastes (TCS-TPs). After simulated 3-month brushing with a commercial best-selling TCS-TP, over one third of the adults' toothbrushes showed a cumulative TCS uptake of 21-37.5 mg, equivalent to 7-12.5 doses of the TCS used per brushing...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056186/stain-removal-and-whitening-by-baking-soda-dentifrice-a-review-of-literature
#10
Yiming Li
BACKGROUND: Tooth discoloration may be caused by intrinsic or extrinsic stains or a combination of both. There are 2 major approaches to removing the stains, including the chemical mechanism using peroxides for tooth bleaching and the mechanical mechanism using abrasives in prophylactic pastes and dentifrices to remove stains, resulting in a whitening effect. Attempts have also been made to add a low concentration of peroxides to dentifrices to enhance their abrasive cleaning to remove tooth stains...
November 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044521/influence-of-tongue-brushing-and-scraping-on-the-oral-microflora-of-periodontitis-patients
#11
I Laleman, R Koop, W Teughels, C Dekeyser, M Quirynen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of tongue cleaning with a tongue scraper (TS) or toothbrush (TB) in patients with periodontitis. BACKGROUND: The tongue is a possible reservoir for bacterial (re)colonization of the periodontal tissues in patients with periodontitis. To date, it is not known what the influence of tongue cleaning is on the tongue coating of patients with periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen systemically healthy, untreated moderate to severe adult patients with periodontitis with some degree of tongue coating were randomly assigned to the use of a TS or TB for cleaning the tongue...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039638/a-citywide-assessment-of-oral-hygiene-needs-of-5-to-7-year-old-children
#12
Marjorie R Arnett, Bonnie Nelson, Erin Stephens
The purpose of this study was to assess the oral hygiene needs of 6,957 kindergarten and first-grade children enrolled in the San Bernardino City Unified School District. The findings from this study revealed that 9 percent of first-graders did not own a toothbrush, 15 percent shared a toothbrush and 25.3 percent self-reported mouth pain. In one school, 30 percent of the first-graders did not own a toothbrush and overall 38 percent of kindergarteners shared a toothbrush.
November 2016: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038700/the-clinical-evaluation-of-vi-one-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-on-plaque-induced-gingivitis-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Babak Amoian, Marzyeh Omidbakhsh, Soraya Khafri
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine (CHX) is the most effective antiseptic mouthwash to date. Essential oil such as thymol, have inhibitory and biocidal effects a range of bacteria. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mouthwash containing CHX and thymol on plaque induced gingivitis. METHODS: This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was performed on 60 patients with plaque induced gingivitis who were randomly divided into two groups: Group I (CHX/thymol mouthwash-Vi-one) and Group II (CHX mouthwash-Behsa)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032514/surface-roughness-and-bacterial-adhesion-on-root-dentin-treated-with-diode-laser-and-conventional-desensitizing-agents
#14
Maiza S Cury, Camilla B Silva, Ruchele D Nogueira, Michelle G D Campos, Regina G Palma-Dibb, Vinicius R Geraldo-Martins
The treatments for dentin hypersensitivity (DH) may change the surface roughness of the root dentin, which can lead to biofilm accumulation, increasing the risk of root caries. The aim was to compare the surface roughness of root dentin after different treatments of DH and the biofilm formation on those surfaces. After initial surface roughness (Sa) assessment, 50 bovine root fragments received the following treatments (n = 10): G 1-no treatment; G2-5% sodium fluoride varnish; G3-professional application of a desensitizing dentifrice; G4-toothbrushing with a desensitizing dentifrice; and G5-diode laser application (908 nm; 1...
October 14, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021979/everybody-brush-consumer-satisfaction-with-a-tooth-decay-prevention-program
#15
Joana Cunha-Cruz, Colleen E Huebner, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Melissa Mitchell, Gary Allen, R Mike Shirtcliff, JoAnna M Scott, Peter Milgrom
INTRODUCTION: Twice-daily caregiver-supervised toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste is an effective and widely recommended strategy to prevent tooth decay in children. Qualitative research suggests that low-income caregivers know the recommendation but would benefit from toothbrushing supplies and advice about how to introduce this health behavior especially as the child becomes older and asserts autonomy to do it "myself." Our objective is to assess consumer satisfaction with the evidence-based theory-informed campaign and usefulness of materials that were home delivered...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017845/the-relationship-between-dentine-hypersensitivity-dietary-acid-intake-and-erosive-tooth-wear
#16
Saoirse O'Toole, David Bartlett
OBJECTIVES: To assess the interplay between dietary acid intake, toothbrushing and erosive tooth wear as aetiological factors in self-reported DH MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis on previously collected data from 600 participants with (n=300) and without (n=300) severe erosive tooth wear. Participants recruited from restorative clinics of King's College London Dental Institute (REC Ref 14/EM/1171) were questioned on their self-reported DH, frequency and timing of dietary acid intake, habits associated with consumption of dietary acids and tooth brushing habits...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017526/tuberculosis-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-patients-at-primary-health-care-facilities-in-a-south-african-metropolitan-research-towards-improved-health-education
#17
N Gladys Kigozi, J Christo Heunis, Michelle C Engelbrecht, André P Janse van Rensburg, H C J Dingie van Rensburg
BACKGROUND: Health education is important to empower patients and encourage their contribution towards tuberculosis (TB) control. In South Africa, health education activities are integrated into services provided at the primary health care (PHC) level. This study was conducted in a high TB burden metropolitan area in South Africa. The objective was to assess TB-related knowledge, attitudes and infection control practices of patients attending PHC facilities. METHODS: In September and October 2015, a cross-sectional survey using fieldworker-administered questionnaires was conducted among patients older than 17 years attending 40 PHC facilities in the Mangaung Metropolitan...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993821/control-of-plaque-and-gingivitis-by-an-herbal-toothpaste-a-randomised-controlled-study
#18
Alexander Geidel, Monika Krüger, Wieland Schrödl, Holger Jentsch
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of an herbal toothpaste with two other chemically active toothpastes regarding plaque and gingivitis control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-six (27 females and 49 males, mean age 47.8 years, range 40-58 years) of 84 initial participants with slight and moderate chronic periodontitis used standardised manual toothbrushes and their usual technique for daily manual mechanical plaque control for 24 weeks of supportive periodontal therapy...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971569/interdental-plaque-reduction-after-use-of-different-devices-in-young-subjects-with-intact-papilla-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
F Graziani, A Palazzolo, S Gennai, D Karapetsa, M R Giuca, S Cei, N Filice, M Petrini, M Nisi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of 4 different oral hygiene regimens involving adjunctive interdental cleaning devices in unsupervised young subjects with intact interdental papilla. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty periodontally healthy subjects were randomly allocated to 4 groups following different oral hygiene regimens (T-7): use of manual toothbrush alone; manual toothbrush plus dental floss; manual toothbrush plus interdental brushes; and manual toothbrush plus rubber interdental picks...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970772/factors-influencing-choice-of-oral-hygiene-products-by-dental-patients-in-a-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#20
O I Opeodu, S O Gbadebo
BACKGROUND: Several factors, such as cost, branding, packaging and family influence, had been implicated as influencing the choice of toothpastes and toothbrushes by individuals. Media advertisement is also considered a very strong factor influencing consumer's choice. AIM: To assess the extent to which some factors influenced the choice of toothpastes and toothbrushes among dental patients in a Nigerian teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred and two patients were interviewed on factors that influenced their choice of toothbrush and toothpaste...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
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