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Wanessa Teixeira Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Gilberto Gambero Gaspar, Hayala Cristina Cavenague de Souza, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Anibal Basile-Filho, Roberto Martinez, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of dental treatment in improving oral health in critical patients. METHODS: This randomised clinical trial was conducted in a general intensive care unit (ICU) at a tertiary care public facility from 1 January 2011 to 8 August 2013. Data from 254 adult patients staying in the ICU for 48 hours or more were analysed. The experimental group (n = 127) had access to dental treatment provided by a dentist four to five times a week, in addition to routine oral hygiene, whereas the control group (n = 127) had access only to routine oral hygiene, including topical application of chlorhexidine, provided by the ICU nursing staff...
May 18, 2018: International Dental Journal
C A B Cardoso, N M Santos, M L C Fracasso, M G A Provenzano, T M Oliveira, D Rios
AIM: This was to evaluate the effectiveness of plaque disclosure as an auxiliary method for early childhoods' oral hygiene. METHODS: The study was performed with 20 mothers and their children (aged 6-36 months), members of a preventive programme, which two groups used one of two approaches: conventional oral hygiene/group I (tooth brushing) and plaque disclosure with subsequent oral hygiene/group II (tooth brushing with prior plaque disclosure). Ten mothers started the study in group I and the other 10 in group II, after one month interval they changed to be in the alternate group...
May 15, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Renzo A Ccahuana-Vasquez, Erinn L Conde, Pamela Cunningham, Julie M Grender, C Ram Goyal, Jimmy Qaqish
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of a marketed oscillating-rotating electric rechargeable toothbrush to a marketed sonic toothbrush in the reduction of gingivitis and plaque over an 8-week period. METHODS: This was a randomized, examiner-blind, parallel group, eight-week study. Subjects with presence of mild-to-moderate plaque and gingivitis received an oral examination and were evaluated for baseline gingivitis (Modified Gingival Index; MGI), gingival bleeding (Gingival Bleeding Index; GBI), and plaque (Rustogi Modified Navy Plaque Index)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
Michael Cannon, Deepa Khambe, Malgorzata Klukowska, David L Ramsey, Melanie Miner, Tom Huggins, Donald J White
OBJECTIVES: The clinical effects of stannous fluoride (SnF2) dentifrice in reducing symptoms of gingivitis and reducing the virulence of subgingival plaque through suppression of activation of gene expression in toll receptor based reporter cells were previously reported. This study expanded analysis of the clinical study to include evaluation of dentifrice effects on salivary metabolites using 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) systems biology-based metabonomics. METHODS: The clinical design was reported previously (J Clin Dent2017;28:16-26)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
Mounir Doumit, Fida Al Sayah
Background: The prevalence of dental cavities has been rising especially during the past ten years. Tooth brushing twice a day using a fluoridated toothpaste is a crucial preventive measure. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended the yearly use of 6 tubes of toothpaste of 170g each and 4 toothbrushes per individual. Aim: To evaluate the individual yearly consumption of toothpaste tubes and toothbrushes in Lebanon using the amount supplied to the market as a proxy measure after checking if the products meet the standards...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Normaliza Ab Malik, Fathilah Abdul Razak, Sa'ari Mohamad Yatim, Otto Lok Tao Lam, Lijian Jin, Leonard S W Li, Colman McGrath
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of oral opportunistic pathogens among stroke survivors, both before and after oral health care interventions. METHODS: A multicenter randomized clinical trial was conducted on hospitalized stroke survivors. Those in the control group were given standard care of oral hygiene (a manual toothbrush and toothpaste), whereas those in the test group were given intense care of oral hygiene (a powered toothbrush and 1% chlorhexidine oral gel)...
June 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Terri Tilliss, Clifton M Carey
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Short-term and long-term effectiveness of powered toothbrushes in promoting periodontal health during orthodontic treatment: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Al Makhmari SA, Kaklamanos EG, Athanasiou AE. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2017;152(6):753-66.e7. SOURCE OF FUNDING: None identified TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis.
June 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Marco Aurelio Peres, Pingzhou Liu, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Alexandre Emidio Ribeiro Silva, Fernando Cesar Wehrmeister, Ana Maria Menezes, Karen Glazer Peres
We aimed to analyze the effects of family income trajectories on the increase in dental caries from childhood to young adulthood. Data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study, in which dental caries was measured at ages 6, 12, and 18 years, were analyzed. Family income of 302 participants was assessed at birth, and at 4, 11, 15, and 18 years of age. Mother's education, toothbrushing frequency, dental visiting, dental caries in primary dentition, and birth weight were covariates. A latent class growth analysis was conducted to characterize trajectories of time-varying variables...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Yai-Tin Lin, Ashish Chetan Kalhan, Yng-Tzer Joseph Lin, Tosha Ashish Kalhan, Chein-Chin Chou, Xiao Li Gao, Chin-Ying Stephen Hsu
OBJECTIVES: Oral rehabilitation under general anaesthesia (GA), commonly employed to treat high caries-risk children, has been associated with high economic and individual/family burden, besides high post-GA caries recurrence rates. As there is no caries prediction model available for paediatric GA patients, this study was performed to build caries risk assessment/prediction models using pre-GA data and to explore mid-term prognostic factors for early identification of high-risk children prone to caries relapse post-GA oral rehabilitation...
May 8, 2018: International Dental Journal
Michael C Lynch, Roland Perfekt, James A McGuire, Jeffery Milleman, John Gallob, Pejmon Amini, Kimberly Milleman
BACKGROUND: Dentinal hypersensitivity is a prevalent oral condition that can be treated with in-office application of potassium oxalate (KO), which has US Food and Drug Administration 510(k) clearance. In this study, the authors assessed a KO mouthrinse for home use. The authors evaluated clinically meaningful improvement by analyzing the proportions of participants who responded to treatment. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group controlled study, the authors randomly assigned 375 participants with dentinal hypersensitivity to 1 of 2 mouthrinse groups: KO (189 participants) and placebo (186 participants)...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Mariel Viviana Gómez, Andrés Toledo, Paola Carvajal, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes, Ricardo Santos Araújo Costa, Fernando Solanes, Rui Vicente Oppermann, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Jorge Gamonal, Hugo Romanelli
The aims of this study were to describe the self-reported oral hygiene habits, dental visit frequency, and gingival bleeding perception in adult populations from three South American cities, and also to assess the association of these variables with sociodemographic data and with the clinical presence of plaque and gingival inflammation. Five-hundred and fifty adult subjects from each city (Porto Alegre, Brazil; Tucumán, Argentina; Santiago, Chile) received full mouth examinations to determine visible plaque and gingival index...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Cristiane Meira Assunção, Adrian Lussi, Jonas Almeida Rodrigues, Thiago Saads Carvalho
AIM: To evaluate the erosive preventive effect of toothpastes in permanent (PT) and deciduous teeth (dt). DESIGN: Enamel samples were divided into five groups (n = 20): G1: placebo toothpaste; G2: NaF toothpaste; G3: AmF-NaF-SnCl2 anti-erosion toothpaste; G4: SnF2- toothpaste; and G5: NaF anti-erosion toothpaste for children. The samples were exposed to five erosion-abrasion cycles (artificial saliva incubation; 3 min in 1% citric acid; 2 min in slurry, toothbrush abrasion, 50 strokes, 200 g)...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Akiko Haruyama, Atsushi Kameyama, Tomoko Ono, Yukako Baba, Toshiko Sugiyama, Setsuko Sugiyama, Toshiyuki Takahashi
Background: This in vitro study aimed to clarify the combined effect of electric toothbrushing and dentifrice on the removal of artificial stain. Material and Methods: Twenty-five bovine incisors were cut at the cervix and the crown was embedded in auto-cured acrylic resin. Specimens were abraded using #240 SiC paper to obtain a flat enamel surface, and 20 specimens were treated with 10% citric acid / 3% ferric chloride solution followed by 1% tannic acid solution to produce surface staining...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
A Bertacci, A Lucchese, S Chersoni, S Zanna, M Manuelli, G Valdrè
This study aimed to evaluate the effect in vitro of a single application of a stannous fluoride- (SnF2-) containing toothpaste on eroded enamel. Forty-eight teeth were subjected to three acid treatments: 15% hydrochloric acid for 120 s (HA group); 1% citric acid (pH=4) for 180 s (CA group); 37% phosphoric acid for 30 s (PA group). They were brushed with an electric toothbrush with pressure control and 1 g of SnF2 (1100 ppm) toothpaste for 2 min. Polyether replicas of buccal enamel surfaces were obtained at baseline, after acid exposure and after brushing, gold sputtered and inspected by SEM for fluid droplets presence...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Nadine Schlueter, Katrin Winterfeld, Vicenç Quera, Tobias Winterfeld, Carolina Ganss
Systematics is considered important for effective toothbrushing. A theoretical concept of systematics in toothbrushing and a validated index to quantify it using observational data is suggested. The index consists of three components: completeness (all areas of the dentition reached), isochronicity (all areas brushed equally long) and consistency (avoiding frequent alternations between areas). Toothbrushing should take a sufficient length of time; therefore, this parameter is part of the index value calculation...
2018: PloS One
Violet I Haraszthy, Prem K Sreenivasan
Objective: This study compared the additional effect of rinsing with a fluoride-free and alcohol-free 0.075% cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) mouthwash to brushing alone on dental plaque, gingival inflammation, and supragingival plaque bacteria. Methods: Adult subjects [n = 68] completed a washout period prior to baseline evaluations that evaluated gingival inflammation, gingival bleeding, dental plaque, and pocket probing depths along with microbiological analysis of supragingival plaque for bacteria...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Ynara Bosco de Oliveira Lima-Arsati, Anna Rúbia Lobo Ferreira Gomes, Hemilly Karol Andrade Santos, Franco Arsati, Márcio Campos Oliveira, Valéria Souza Freitas
There is a concern about the increasing prevalence of dental fluorosis, which depends on the dose of fluoride (F) to which children are subjected during tooth formation. Environmental temperature affects water intake and therefore it would be important to assess whether children living in the semiarid region are exposed to an excessive dose of F. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the total dose of F to which children are exposed during the critical age for dental fluorosis, with diet (water and food) and toothpaste as F sources, in the semiarid region of Brazil...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Riikka Salmi, Mimmi Tolvanen, Riitta Suhonen, Satu Lahti, Timo Närhi
BACKGROUND: Increasing number of older adults lives in their own homes, but needs help in many daily routines. Domiciliary care nursing staff (DCNS) is often needed to support oral home care. However, information of nursing staff's knowledge, skills and activity in this task is sparse. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess DCNS knowledge, perceived skills and activities to support oral home care of older domiciliary care clients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among DCNS in one of the largest cities in Finland...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Su-Hyun Shim, Dong-Hun Han
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to occupational noise is reported to cause a wide range of health problems. But, there are no reports on studies investigating the association between noise exposure and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between occupational noise exposure and periodontitis in a nationally representative sample of Korean workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontology
R H Affoo, K Trottier, R Garrick, T Mascarenhas, Y Jang, R E Martin
Objectives: (1) To determine whether manual (MTB), or electric, tooth brushing (ETB) modulates whole salivary flow rate in older adults who are free of systemic disease. (2) To determine the duration of the brushing-related modulation of salivary flow rate. (3) To compare salivary flow rate modulation associated with MTB and ETB. Method: Twenty-one adults aged 60 years and older participated in two experimental sessions during which they used a manual, or electric, toothbrush to brush their teeth, tongue, and palate...
2018: BioMed Research International
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