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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905917/are-distinctive-risk-indicators-associated-with-different-stages-of-caries-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maria Grazia Cagetti, Giovanna Congiu, Fabio Cocco, Gianfranco Meloni, Silvana Sale, Guglielmo Campus
BACKGROUND: Actual caries figures emphasize the need to identify the risk indicators involved in the disease's development. The hypothesis that certain risk indicators might affect the dynamic evolution of the caries process was assessed; to clarify this premise, a cross-sectional survey was performed in school children. METHODS: A total of 390 subjects aged 6-8 years old were randomly selected. Caries was assessed, and the subjects were stratified as follows: i) highest caries score; ii) most prevalent caries score; and iii) number of affected teeth...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904542/the-effect-of-brushing-with-a-soft-toothbrush-and-distilled-water-on-the-incidence-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#2
Khadijeh Nasiriani, Fakhri Torki, Mohammad Hossein Jarahzadeh, Fahimeh Rashidi Maybodi
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common nosocomial infection, which results in longer hospitalization, increased treatment costs, and higher mortality rates. One major cause of VAP is colonization and microaspiration of oropharyngeal secretions following the formation of dental plaque, which is due to poor oral hygiene and failure to mechanically remove these microorganisms from the teeth. This study was conducted to determine the effect of brushing teeth with distilled water on the incidence of VAP in patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU)...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900593/factors-associated-with-hepatitis-b-knowledge-among-vietnamese-americans-a-population-based-survey
#3
Janet N Chu, Phuoc V Le, Chris J Kennedy, Stephen J McPhee, Ching Wong, Susan L Stewart, Tung T Nguyen
Vietnamese Americans have high rates of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection but low rates of knowledge and screening. A population-based survey conducted in 2011 of Vietnamese Americans in two geographic areas (n = 1666) was analyzed. The outcome variables were having heard of HBV and a score summarizing knowledge of HBV transmission. Most respondents (86.0%) had heard of HBV. Correct knowledge of transmission ranged from 59.5% for sex, 68.1% for sharing toothbrushes, 78.6% for during birth, and 85.0% for sharing needles...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863909/low-frequency-of-toothbrushing-practices-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-male-and-dyslipidemia-in-female-a-large-scale-5-year-cohort-study-in-japan
#4
Masanari Kuwabara, Yoko Motoki, Hiroki Sato, Mizue Fujii, Kayoko Ichiura, Kazumichi Kuwabara, Yosikazu Nakamura
BACKGROUND: We previously reported the association between toothbrushing practices and diabetes mellitus (DM) and dyslipidemia (DL) in a cross-sectional study. This study was conducted to clarify whether low frequency of toothbrushing practices is an independent risk factor for DM and DL using a follow-up design. METHODS: This study was a 5-year retrospective cohort study at St. Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. We analyzed study subjects between 30 and 85 years old in 2004, who underwent annual medical examination both in 2004 and 2009...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863835/metabolites-profiling-reveals-for-antimicrobial-compositional-differences-and-action-mechanism-in-the-toothbrushing-stick-miswak-salvadora-persica
#5
Mohamed A Farag, Sherifa Fahmy, Mouchira A Choucry, Mariam O Wahdan, Mahmoud Fahmi Elsebai
Among many plant species suitable for preparing toothbrushing sticks, miswak (Salvadora persica, family Salvadoraceae) is found the most effective tool for oral hygiene. S. persica possesses antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal effects against oral microbes, mostly due to its benzyl isothiocyanate content. To provide insight into S. persica chemical composition, volatile constituents from roots and stems of S. persica grown in Egypt and Saudi Arabia were profiled using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859252/clinical-effects-of-probiotics-containing-bacillus-species-on-gingivitis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
B Alkaya, I Laleman, S Keceli, O Ozcelik, M Cenk Haytac, W Teughels
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lactobacillus spp. and bifidobacteria are the most frequently used probiotics in oral health research. However, although probiotic effects have been suggested for other genera, such as bacilli, no trials are available to describe the effect of bacilli probiotics on gingivitis in humans. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical effects of a bacilli-containing toothpaste, a mouthrinse and a toothbrush cleaner versus a placebo in patients with generalized gingivitis...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856311/timing-of-dietary-acid-intake-and-erosive-tooth-wear-a-case-control-study
#7
Saoirse O'Toole, Eduardo Bernabé, Rebecca Moazzez, David Bartlett
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of clinical data on the impact of timing of dietary acid intake and toothbrush abrasion when attempting to control erosive tooth wear progression. The aim of this study was to estimate the association of theoretical causative factors with erosive tooth wear to inform evidence-based guidelines. METHODS: Using case-control study design, 300 participants with dietary erosive tooth wear and 300 age-matched controls were recruited from the restorative clinics of King's College London Dental Institute...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853925/effect-of-supervised-brushing-with-fluoride-gel-during-primary-school-taking-into-account-the-group-prevention-schedule-in-kindergarten
#8
Julia Winter, Anahita Jablonski-Momeni, Annett Ladda, Klaus Pieper
OBJECTIVES: In one region of Germany, a group of children took part in regular fluoride gel applications during primary school following intensified prevention in kindergarten. This observational study aimed to ascertain whether the dental health of primary school children can be improved by introducing a group prevention program based on applications of fluoride gel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were distributed among six groups with varying preventive measures in kindergarten and at school...
November 17, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849214/efficacy-of-two-soft-bristle-toothbrushes-in-plaque-removal-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rosing, Juliano Cavagni, Eduardo José Gaio, Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Harry Juan Rivera Oballe, Nicolle Ranzan, Stephanie Anagnostopoulos Friedrich, Raísa Maldonado Severo, Elizabeth Gittins, Bernal Stewart, Yun Po Zhang
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy in supragingival plaque removal of two soft-bristle toothbrushes. Seventy volunteers were allocated randomly to the Colgate Slim Soft or Curaprox CS5460 toothbrush grourps. At baseline appointment, volunteers underwent plaque examination using the Rustogi Modification of the Navy Plaque Index. Under supervision, they then brushed their teeth for 1minute with their assigned toothbrushes and the plaque examination was repeated. Volunteers performed daily oral hygiene with their assigned toothbrush and a regular dentifrice provided by the researchers for 7 days...
November 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843549/comparison-of-foam-swabs-and-toothbrushes-as-oral-hygiene-interventions-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-a-randomised-split-mouth-study
#10
Paola J Marino, Ailish Hannigan, Sean Haywood, Jade M Cole, Nicki Palmer, Charlotte Emanuel, Tracey Kinsella, Michael A O Lewis, Matt P Wise, David W Williams
INTRODUCTION: During critical illness, dental plaque may serve as a reservoir of respiratory pathogens. This study compared the effectiveness of toothbrushing with a small-headed toothbrush or a foam-headed swab in mechanically ventilated patients. METHODS: This was a randomised, assessor-blinded, split-mouth trial, performed at a single critical care unit. Adult, orally intubated patients with >20 teeth, where >24 hours of mechanical ventilation was expected were included...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843247/comparative-evaluation-of-remineralizing-potential-of-three-pediatric-dentifrices
#11
REVIEW
Ashna Kapoor, K R Indushekar, Bhavna G Saraf, Neha Sheoran, Divesh Sardana
INTRODUCTION: Dentifrices are available in different formulations and more commonly a single dentifrice is used by whole family; be it an adult or child. However, concerns over high fluoride in pediatric formulations coupled with inability of the children to spit have led to recommendations to minimize fluoride ingestion during toothbrushing by using a small amount of toothpaste by children and incorporating minimal quantity of fluoride in the toothpastes. Literature is scarce on the remineralization potential of popularly known Indian pediatric dentifrices; hence, pediatric dentifrices containing lesser concentration of fluoride have been marketed relatively recently for the benefit of children without posing a threat of chronic fluoride toxicity at the same time...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836147/effect-of-artificial-toothbrushing-and-water-storage-on-the-surface-roughness-and-micromechanical-properties-of-tooth-colored-cad-cam-materials
#12
Simon Flury, Elisabeth Diebold, Anne Peutzfeldt, Adrian Lussi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Because of the different composition of resin-ceramic computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) materials, their polishability and their micromechanical properties vary. Moreover, depending on the composition of the materials, their surface roughness and micromechanical properties are likely to change with time. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of artificial toothbrushing and water storage on the surface roughness (Ra and Rz) and the micromechanical properties, surface hardness (Vickers [VHN]) and indentation modulus (EIT), of 5 different tooth-colored CAD-CAM materials when polished with 2 different polishing systems...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820687/influence-of-finishing-and-polishing-techniques-and-abrasion-on-transmittance-and-roughness-of-composite-resins
#13
Pma Carneiro, T M Ramos, C S de Azevedo, E de Lima, Shj de Souza, M L Turbino, P F Cesar, A B Matos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of finishing and polishing systems and toothbrush abrasion on transmittance (T) and surface roughness (Ra) of three composite resins (Filtek Z350 XT, Tetric N-Ceram, and IPS Empress Direct). Eighteen resin disks (10 mm diameter × 2 mm thick) finished by polyester strips had initial surface smoothness recorded, representing phase 1 (P1). Specimens were divided into three groups (n=6) according to the finishing/polishing instrument used (OneGloss, TopGloss, and Sof-Lex) to compose phase 2 samples (P2)...
November 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811470/remineralizing-potential-of-a-low-fluoride-toothpaste-with-sodium-trimetaphosphate-an-in-situ-study
#14
Eliana M Takeshita, Marcelle Danelon, Luciene P Castro, Robson F Cunha, Alberto C B Delbem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a low-fluoride (F) toothpaste supplemented with sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) on enamel remineralization in situ. DESIGN: Bovine enamel blocks were selected on the basis of their surface hardness (SH) after caries-like lesions had been induced, and randomly divided into 4 treatment groups, according to the toothpastes used: without F or TMP (placebo); 500 ppm F; 500 ppm F plus 1% TMP; and 1,100 ppm F. The study design was blinded and crossover and performed in 4 phases of 3 days each...
November 4, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796575/bristle-splaying-and-its-effect-on-pre-existing-gingival-recession-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
C Graetz, A Plaumann, N Heinevetter, S Sälzer, J Bielfeldt, C E Dörfer
OBJECTIVE: The link between bristle splaying and gingival recession is unclear. METHODS: In a 12-month, parallel group, randomized, controlled clinical trial, 110 systemically healthy participants with pre-existing gingival recessions (pre-GR) were assigned to brush their teeth with either a manual (MT) or a powered toothbrush (PT). Every 3 months, toothbrushes and brush heads were replaced. Wear was measured using the Bristle-Splaying-Index (BSI), matched between groups and correlated to the change of pre-GR...
October 31, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778318/oral-hygiene-care-for-critically-ill-patients-to-prevent-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#16
REVIEW
Fang Hua, Huixu Xie, Helen V Worthington, Susan Furness, Qi Zhang, Chunjie Li
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia developing in people who have received mechanical ventilation for at least 48 hours. VAP is a potentially serious complication in these patients who are already critically ill. Oral hygiene care (OHC), using either a mouthrinse, gel, toothbrush, or combination, together with aspiration of secretions, may reduce the risk of VAP in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral hygiene care on incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation in hospital intensive care units (ICUs)...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759405/association-between-clinical-and-salivary-microbial-parameters-during-orthodontic-treatment-with-removable-appliances-with-or-without-use-of-fluoride-mouth-rinse
#17
Z Zingler, M Pritsch, C J Lux, S Kneist
AIM: To evaluate the correlation between clinical and salivary microbial parameters during treatment with removable orthodontic appliances with or without use of fluoride mouth rinse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 48 patients completed this randomized, controlled, parallel-group, clinical pilot study. 24 patients of the test group (TG) rinsed after tooth brushing with a fluoride mouth rinse (100 ppm AmF/150 ppm NaF) while 21 patients of the control group (CG) did not...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757550/efficacy-of-various-side-to-side-toothbrushes-and-impact-of-brushing-parameters-on-noncontact-biofilm-removal-in-an-interdental-space-model
#18
Julia C Schmidt, Monika Astasov-Frauenhoffer, Tuomas Waltimo, Roland Weiger, Clemens Walter
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of four different side-to-side toothbrushes and the impact of various brushing parameters on noncontact biofilm removal in an adjustable interdental space model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three-species biofilm, consisting of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Streptococcus sanguinis, was formed in vitro on protein-coated titanium disks using a flow chamber combined with a static biofilm growth model...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752176/-durability-of-protective-effect-of-resin-based-coating-material-on-root-surface
#19
H Y Tian, P Yu, C Y Yuan, W Zhang, Y X Qiu, D H Li, X J Liang, X Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the durability of resin-based root-surface coating material and all-in-one self-etching adhesive on root surface in vitro. METHODS: Human extracted premolars or molars with intact roots were selected. The cementum was removed using a periodontal scaler to expose root dentin. The root surface was coated with an acid-resistant nail varnish, leaving a window of 3 mm×3 mm on the exposed dentin.The window was covered with either PRG Barrier Coat (PRG) or Clearfil S3 Bond (CS3)...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737352/effect-of-whitening-dentifrices-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Karen Pintado-Palomino, Cecília Vilela Matias Vasconcelos, Roberto Juns da Silva, Andre Luiz de Macedo Fressatti, Bianka Jurca Gonçalves da Motta, Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri Pires-DE-Souza, Camila Tirapelli
The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate tooth color changes (ΔE) and tooth sensitivity (TS) associated with whitening dentifrices. Sixty participants were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and then allocated to three groups (n = 20): Colgate Luminous White (G1), Close Up White Now (G2) and Sorriso dentifrice (G3-control). The participants were instructed to use only the provided dentifrice and toothbrush in standardized oral hygiene procedures for 4 weeks. ΔE was assessed by spectrophotometry (CIELab System) whereas TS was determined by a visual analog scale at baseline and weekly using four assessment points...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
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