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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055271/neurocysticercosis-as-an-infectious-acquired-epilepsy-worldwide
#1
REVIEW
Doodipala Samba Reddy, Randy Volkmer
Aside from brain injury and genetic causes, there is emerging information on brain infection and inflammation as a common cause of epilepsy. Neurocysticercosis (NCC), the most common cause of epilepsy worldwide, is caused by brain cysts from the Taenia solium tapeworm. In this article, we provide a critical analysis of current and emerging information on the relationship between NCC infection and epilepsy occurrence. We searched PubMed and other databases for reports on the prevalence of NCC and incidence of epilepsy in certain regions worldwide...
October 7, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054570/estimated-seroprevalence-of-anaplasma-spp-and-spotted-fever-group-rickettsia-exposure-among-herders-and-livestock-in-mongolia
#2
Michael E von Fricken, Sukhbaatar Lkhagvatseren, Bazartseren Boldbaatar, Pagbajab Nymadawa, Thomas A Weppelmann, Bekh-Ochir Baigalmaa, Benjamin D Anderson, Megan E Reller, Paul M Lantos, Gregory C Gray
BACKGROUND: To better understand the epidemiology of tick-borne disease in Mongolia, a comprehensive seroprevalence study was conducted investigating exposure to Anaplasma spp. and spotted fever group (SFG) Rickettsia spp. in nomadic herders and their livestock across three provinces from 2014 to 2015. METHODS: Blood was collected from 397 herders and 2370 livestock, including sheep, goats, cattle, horses and camels. Antibodies against Anaplasma spp. and SFG Rickettsia were determined by indirect immunofluorescence using commercially available slides coated with Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia rickettsii antigens...
October 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054546/identification-and-molecular-characterization-of-spotted-fever-group-rickettsiae-in-ticks-collected-from-farm-ruminants-in-lebanon
#3
Isabel G Fernández de Mera, Valeria Blanda, Alessandra Torina, Mayssaa Fawaz Dabaja, Ali El Romeh, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, José de la Fuente
Tick-borne diseases have become a world health concern, emerging with increasing incidence in recent decades. Spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsiae are tick-borne pathogens recognized as important agents of human tick-borne diseases worldwide. In this study, 88 adult ticks from the species Hyalomma anatolicum, Rhipicephalus annulatus, Rh. bursa, Rh. sanguineus sensu lato, and Rh. turanicus, were collected from farm ruminants in Lebanon, and SFG rickettsiae were molecularly identified and characterized in these ticks...
October 12, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054457/bilateral-vocal-cord-immobility-resulting-from-cytomegalovirus-pharyngitis-a-case-report
#4
Rumi Ueha, Takaharu Nito, Takao Goto, Taku Sato, Tetsuo Ushiku, Tatsuya Yamasoba
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an infectious herpes virus present in approximately 50% of the world's population. Pharyngitis is an uncommon manifestation of CMV infection, and vocal cord immobility (VCI) following CMV pharyngitis is quite rare. An 83-year-old man with well-controlled diabetes mellitus and hypertension was admitted due to dyspnea, odynophagia, and dysphagia. Laryngeal fiberscopy revealed bilateral vocal cords almost fixed at the median position, with mucosal redness, swelling, and edema at the hypopharyngeal area...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054297/hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-due-to-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-infection
#5
REVIEW
M Bruyand, P Mariani-Kurkdjian, M Gouali, H de Valk, L A King, S Le Hello, S Bonacorsi, C Loirat
The leading cause of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in children is Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection, which has a major outbreak potential. Since the early 2010s, STEC epidemiology is characterized by a decline of the historically predominant O157 serogroup and the emergence of non-O157 STEC, especially O26 and O80 in France. STEC contamination occurs through the ingestion of contaminated food or water, person-to-person transmission, or contact with ruminants or their contaminated environment...
October 17, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054249/hiv-1-infected-t-cells-dynamics-and-prognosis-an-evolutionary-game-model
#6
Bahareh Khazaei, Javad Salimi Sartakhti, Mohammad Hossein Manshaei, Quanyan Zhu, Mehdi Sadeghi, Seyed Rasoul Mousavi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Understanding the dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is essential for depicting, developing, and investigating effective treatment strategies. HIV infects several types of immune cells, but its main target is to destroy helper T-cells. In the lymph nodes, the infected T-cells interact with each other and their environment to obtain more resources. According to infectivity and replicative capacity of T-cells in the HIV infection process, they can be divided into four phenotypes...
December 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053748/treatment-with-the-nr4a1-agonist-cytosporone-b-controls-influenza-virus-infection-and-improves-pulmonary-function-in-infected-mice
#7
Benoit Egarnes, Marie-Renée Blanchet, Jean Gosselin
The transcription factor NR4A1 has emerged as a pivotal regulator of the inflammatory response and immune homeostasis. Although contribution of NR4A1 in the innate immune response has been demonstrated, its role in host defense against viral infection remains to be investigated. In the present study, we show that administration of cytosporone B (Csn-B), a specific agonist of NR4A1, to mice infected with influenza virus (IAV) reduces lung viral loads and improves pulmonary function. Our results demonstrate that administration of Csn-B to naive mice leads to a modest production of type 1 IFN...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053675/transcanalicular-diode-laser-assisted-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-the-treatment-of-primary-acquired-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#8
Joel M Mor, Yongwei Guo, Konrad R Koch, Ludwig M Heindl
Today's gold standard in the treatment of infrasaccal primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) is external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR), a relatively invasive procedure that can be performed after failure of recanalizing treatments. However, with progress in the field of diode laser technology, new approaches have emerged. Laser-assisted transcanalicular DCR with subsequent bicanalicular silicon intubation is a new option showing great promise as a viable minimally invasive procedure. Under permanent endoscopic visual control from the nasal cavity, a diode laser fiber is inserted into the lacrimal sac and laser energy is applied to create a bony ostium between the lacrimal sac and the nasal cavity...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053401/are-we-prepared-for-emerging-flaviviruses-in-europe-challenges-for-vaccination
#9
Patricia Kaaijk, Willem Luytjes
Tick-borne encephalitis and West Nile fever are endemic flavivirus diseases in Europe. Climate change, virus evolution, and social factors may increase the risk of these flavivirus infections and may lead to the emergence of other flaviviruses in Europe that are endemic in (sub)tropical regions of the world. Control of the spread of flaviviruses is very difficult considering the cycling of flaviviruses between arthropod vectors and animal reservoir hosts. The increasing threat of flavivirus infections emphasizes the necessity of a sustainable vector surveillance system, an active animal health surveillance system and an adequate human surveillance system for early detection of flavivirus infections...
October 20, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052924/mers-sars-and-other-coronaviruses-as-causes-of-pneumonia
#10
REVIEW
Yudong Yin, Richard G Wunderink
Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) have been considered to be relatively harmless respiratory pathogens in the past. However, after the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and emergence of the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), HCoVs have received worldwide attention as important pathogens in respiratory tract infection. This review focuses on the epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical characteristics among SARS-coronaviruses (CoV), MERS-CoV and other HCoV infections.
October 20, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052825/managing-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-related-complications-in-patients-referred-to-the-surgical-emergency-unit
#11
Osman Şimşek, Arife Şimşek, Sefa Ergun, Mehmet Velidedeoğlu, Kaya Sarıbeyoğlu, Salih Pekmezci
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to present our experience in the management of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-related complications in patients referred to our surgical emergency unit by various endoscopy centers. METHODS: A retrospective investigation was conducted on the records of the 54 patients who were referred to our surgical emergency unit between October 2005 and January 2014 due to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-related complications...
September 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052772/imaging-of-thoracic-tuberculosis-in-children-current-and-future-directions
#12
REVIEW
Kushaljit Singh Sodhi, Ashu S Bhalla, Nasreen Mahomed, Bernard F Laya
Tuberculosis continues to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is the leading cause of infection-related deaths worldwide. Children are amongst the high-risk groups for developing tuberculosis and often pose a challenge to the clinicians in making a definitive diagnosis. The newly released global tuberculosis report from World Health Organization reveals a 50% increase in fatality from tuberculosis in children. Significantly, diagnostic and treatment algorithms of tuberculosis for children differ from those of adults...
September 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052538/antimicrobial-resistance-in-rhodococcus-equi
#13
Steeve Giguère, Londa J Berghaus, Jennifer M Willingham-Lane
Pneumonia caused by Rhodococcus equi remains an important cause of disease and death in foals. The combination of a macrolide (erythromycin, azithromycin, or clarithromycin) with rifampin has been the recommended treatment for foals with clinical signs of infection caused by R. equi since the early 1980s with, until recently, only rare reports of resistance. Resistance to macrolides and rifampin in isolates of R. equi cultured from horses is increasing, with isolates resistant to all macrolides and rifampin now being cultured from up to 40% of infected foals at some farms...
October 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052506/the-proposed-new-species-cacao-red-vein-virus-and-three-previously-recognized-badnavirus-species-are-associated-with-cacao-swollen-shoot-disease
#14
Nomatter Chingandu, Koffie Kouakou, Romain Aka, George Ameyaw, Osman A Gutierrez, Hans-Werner Herrmann, Judith K Brown
BACKGROUND: Cacao swollen shoot virus (CSSV), Cacao swollen shoot CD virus (CSSCDV), and Cacao swollen shoot Togo A virus (CSSTAV) cause cacao swollen shoot disease (CSSD) in West Africa. During 2000-2003, leaf and shoot-swelling symptoms and rapid tree death were observed in cacao in Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana. Molecular tests showed positive infection in only ~50-60% of symptomatic trees, suggesting the possible emergence of an unknown badnavirus. METHODS: The DNA virome was determined from symptomatic cacao samples using Illumina-Hi Seq, and sequence accuracy was verified by Sanger sequencing...
October 19, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052242/emerging-infectious-disease-outbreaks-estimating-disease-risk-in-australian-blood-donors-travelling-overseas
#15
A Coghlan, V C Hoad, C R Seed, R Lp Flower, R J Harley, D Herbert, H M Faddy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: International travel assists spread of infectious pathogens. Australians regularly travel to South-eastern Asia and the isles of the South Pacific, where they may become infected with infectious agents, such as dengue (DENV), chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses that pose a potential risk to transfusion safety. In Australia, donors are temporarily restricted from donating for fresh component manufacture following travel to many countries, including those in this study...
October 19, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052128/overview-of-infectious-causes-of-human-cancers
#16
Qiliang Cai, Zhenghong Yuan
Emerging evidence has demonstrated that almost each person is infected at least one potentially cancer-causing organism; however, only a small proportion of infected individual develops cancer. In this review, to elucidate the potential role of infectious organisms in the development and progression of human cancers, we summarize the previous history and current understandings of infection-associated cancers and highlight the common molecular mechanisms of cancers caused by infectious agents and their potential cofactors, which may bring us to effectively prevent and reduce the infection-associated cancers in the future...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052109/assessments-of-opportunities-to-improve-antibiotic-prescribing-in-an-emergency-department-a-period-prevalence-survey
#17
Tristan T Timbrook, Aisling R Caffrey, Anais Ovalle, Maya Beganovic, William Curioso, Melissa Gaitanis, Kerry L LaPlante
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 30% of all outpatient antimicrobials are inappropriately prescribed. Currently, antimicrobial prescribing patterns in emergency departments (ED) are not well described. Determining inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing patterns and opportunities for interventions by antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP) are needed. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed among a random sample of non-admitted, adult patients who received an antimicrobial prescription in the ED from January 1 to December 31, 2015...
October 19, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052058/complete-genome-sequence-of-maize-yellow-striate-virus-a-new-cytorhabdovirus-infecting-maize-and-wheat-crops-in-argentina
#18
Fernanda Maurino, Analía D Dumón, Gabriela Llauger, Vanina Alemandri, Luis A de Haro, M Fernanda Mattio, Mariana Del Vas, Irma Graciela Laguna, María de la Paz Giménez Pecci
A rhabdovirus infecting maize and wheat crops in Argentina was molecularly characterized. Through next-generation sequencing (NGS) of symptomatic leaf samples, the complete genome was obtained of two isolates of maize yellow striate virus (MYSV), a putative new rhabdovirus, differing by only 0.4% at the nucleotide level. The MYSV genome consists of 12,654 nucleotides for maize and wheat virus isolates, and shares 71% nucleotide sequence identity with the complete genome of barley yellow striate mosaic virus (BYSMV, NC028244)...
October 19, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051881/fracture-management-in-pyknodysostosis-a-rare-case-report
#19
G Subramanya Gandhi, V Vijayanarasimhan, Lionel John, S Kailash, E Sathish Balaji
INTRODUCTION: Pyknodysostosis is congenital osteosclerotic skeletal dysplasia of a rare entity. It is an autosomal recessive disease which presents with short stature and generalized osteosclerosis of skeleton as result of decreased bone turnover. Here, the authors report a case of pyknodysostosis who presented to our emergency room with a pathological fracture in the shaft of the femur for which operative intervention was carried out. CASE REPORT: A 30-year-old female presented to our emergency room with a history of trivial injury to right thigh region and was diagnosed as fracture in her right femur shaft region...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051837/emergency-department-demand-associated-with-seasonal-influenza-2010-through-2014-new-south-wales-australia
#20
David J Muscatello, Kendall J Bein, Michael M Dinh
INTRODUCTION: Influenza's impact on health and health care is underestimated by influenza diagnoses recorded in health-care databases. We aimed to estimate total and non-admitted influenza-attributable hospital Emergency Department (ED) demand in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: We used generalized additive time series models to estimate the association between weekly counts of laboratory-confirmed influenza infections and weekly rates of total and non-admitted respiratory, infection, cardiovascular and all-cause ED visits in NSW, Australia for the period 2010 through 2014...
July 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
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