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Rotational atherectomy

Ravi S Hira, Larry S Dean
Provisional use of rotational atherectomy (RA) is indicated for procedural success in heavily calcified lesions. In the current study, RA use at three high volume percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) centers between 2005 and 2013 was 1.4%. MACE rate was 17.8% at median follow-up of 22 months. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), diabetes mellitus (DM), acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and SYNTAX > 23 were found to be independently associated with MACE. With increasing complexity of disease and SYNTAX score, there is usually an increase in severity of calcification and need for atherectomy...
October 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Takayuki Warisawa, Toru Naganuma, Sunao Nakamura
We report a case of percutaneous coronary intervention in a bifurcation lesion involving left circumflex (LCx) artery and 2 major posterolateral (PL) arteries. The target LCx had diffuse long and severely calcified lesion with the acute takeoff angle from the left main. Despite adequate lesion preparation with rotational atherectomy and balloon angioplasty, the stent was not deliverable, even with deep intubation of 7Fr-guiding catheter. Conventional use of guiding extension catheter (GEC) would have required removal of a wire from at least one PL because of the device interference in the GEC...
October 18, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
C Mallikarjun Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Takayuki Mori, Kenichi Sakakura, Hiroshi Wada, Yousuke Taniguchi, Kei Yamamoto, Yusuke Adachi, Hiroshi Funayama, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Hideo Fujita
While rotational atherectomy (RA) is used for complex lesions in percutaneous coronary intervention, there are several contraindications such as unprotected left main stenosis or left ventricular dysfunction. We previously reported that the incidence of in-hospital complications was significantly greater in off-label as compared to on-label use RA. However, the mid-term clinical outcomes between off-label and on-label RA have not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare the mid-term clinical outcomes between off-label (n = 156) and on-label RA (n = 94)...
October 5, 2016: Heart and Vessels
Umihiko Kaneko, Yoshifumi Kashima, Daitaro Kanno, Takuro Sugie, Ken Kobayashi, Tsutomu Fujita
Although performing rotational atherectomy (RA) requires guidewire exchange for the dedicated guidewire, RotaWire guidewire (Boston Scientific) exhibits much lower performance than conventional guidewire. Consequently, there are times when RotaWire cannot be advanced past the lesion independently or using a microcatheter exchange technique, rendering RA impossible. We present a case of a heavily calcified, device-uncrossable, and non-expansible chronic total occlusion lesion successfully revascularized with RA over RG3 guidewire (Asahi Intecc), which has a length of 330 cm, hydrophilic coating, and a 0...
September 28, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Judit Karacsonyi, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Khaldoon Alaswad, Farouc A Jaffer, Robert W Yeh, Mitul Patel, John Bahadorani, Anthony Doing, Ziad A Ali, Aris Karatasakis, Barbara A Danek, Bavana V Rangan, Aya J Alame, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
BACKGROUND: Balloon uncrossable lesions can be challenging to treat, requiring specialized techniques and equipment. METHODS: We examined the prevalence, clinical and angiographic characteristics, management and procedural outcomes of balloon uncrossable lesions in a multicenter chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry. RESULTS: Between 2012 and 2016, 718 CTO PCIs (in which the occlusion was successfully crossed with a guidewire) were performed in 701 patients at 11 US centers...
September 21, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Tiberio M Frisoli, Harold Friedman, William W O'Neill
A patient was referred to us for Canadian Cardiovascular Society class III refractory angina. He was found to have in-stent restenosis within three layers of underexpanded stents implanted in 2004, 2011, and 2014. Rotational atherectomy safely yielded stent strut ablation (reduced to one layer), lesion expansion, and very good angiographic and physiologic results.
September 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Adel Aminian, Juan F Iglesias, Carlos Van Mieghem, Andrea Zuffi, Angela Ferrara, Roukos Manih, Dariouch Dolatabadi, Jacques Lalmand, Shigeru Saito
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility and safety of the 7 French (Fr) Glidesheath Slender for complex transradial (TR) percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). BACKGROUND: The TR approach is increasingly used worldwide for coronary and peripheral vascular interventions. However, the small size of the radial artery remains an important limitation for the use of large-bore guiding catheters (>6 Fr), restricting thereby the treatment of highly complex lesions through the TR approach...
August 27, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Aly Tohamy, Margo Klomp, Hein Putter, Amr Youssef, Hamdy Shams-Eddin, Mahmoud Abdelsabour, M J Schalij, J Wouter Jukema
We assessed the very long-term follow-up of a large cohort of unselected patients treated with coronary rotational atherectomy (RA). All 143 patients who underwent RA at our institution from 2000 to 2013 and with complete baseline and follow-up information were analyzed in a retrospective manner. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were defined as the composite of target vessel revascularization (TVR), acute myocardial infarction, and all-cause mortality. The mean follow-up was 8.2 years. The 10-year cumulative incidence of MACE for all patients was 57...
August 23, 2016: Angiology
Xiaoyu Yang, Hector Tamez, Carol Lai, Kalon Ho, Donald Cutlip
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of and outcomes related to periprocedural (Type 4a) myocardial infarction (MI) in a cohort of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for stable coronary disease or non ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome with stable or falling cardiac troponin levels. BACKGROUND: The 2012 Third Universal Definition for Type 4a MI has not been prospectively studied in routine clinical practice. METHODS: The study included 516 patients undergoing eligible PCI at a single institution...
August 18, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Yoshisato Shibata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
István F Édes, Zoltán Ruzsa, György Szabó, Árpád Lux, László Gellér, Levente Molnár, Fanni Nowotta, Ágota Hajas, Bálint Szilveszter, Dávid Becker, Béla Merkely
AIMS: Our aim was to examine procedural viability and midterm outcomes following the use of rotational atherectomy (RA) on malapposed, crippled, otherwise non-salvageable metallic stents (i.e., stentablation [SA]), and convey important procedural pointers for practitioners encountering such situations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data on twelve SA subjects were analysed. The primary endpoint was procedural success: effective ablation of the malapposed stent and successful implantation of a new device...
2016: EuroIntervention
Tim Kinnaird, Chun Shing Kwok, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Nicholas Ossei-Gerning, Peter Ludman, Mark deBelder, Richard Anderson, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: As coronary perforation (CP) is a rare but serious complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) the current evidence base is limited to small series. Using a national PCI database, the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of CP as a complication of PCI were defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed from the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society data set on all PCI procedures performed in England and Wales between 2006 and 2013...
August 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Mantian Chen, Linqing Shang, Qing Zhou, Shu Meng, Yacheng Zhang, Yi Feng, Chengxing Shen, Genshan Ma
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the heavily calcified coronary lesions remains a challenge, and the periprocedural complication rates of the transfemoral approach are high. This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility and long-term results of the transradial approach for rotational atherectomy (RA) prior to stent implantation via the transradial approach in patients with heavily calcified coronary artery lesions. METHODS: RA followed by stent implantation via the transradial approach was performed in 47 patients with severely calcified coronary artery lesions in this retrospectively case-control study...
September 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Abdelhakim Allali, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Gert Richardt
We report a case of a 65-year-old female patient treated with an everolimus-eluting bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) after rotational atherectomy of a severely calcified lesion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The implanted BRS restenosed 10 months after implantation and was treated with a scoring balloon followed by drug-eluting balloons with good immediate and long-term results. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a balloon-only treatment of a restenosis occurring more than 6 months after BRS implantation; angiographic and optical coherence tomography images after treatment and at two-year follow-up are presented...
July 29, 2016: Cardiology and Therapy
Kenichi Sakakura, Hiroshi Funayama, Yousuke Taniguchi, Yoshimasa Tsurumaki, Kei Yamamoto, Mitsunari Matsumoto, Hiroshi Wada, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Hideo Fujita
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this randomized trial was to compare the incidence of slow flow between low-speed and high-speed rotational atherectomy (RA) of calcified coronary lesions. BACKGROUND: Preclinical studies suggest that slow flow is less frequently observed with low-speed than high-speed RA because of less platelet aggregation with low-speed RA. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single center study. A total of 100 patients with calcified coronary lesions were enrolled and randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to low-speed (140,000 rpm) or high-speed (190,000 rpm) RA...
July 25, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Sreekumar Madassery, Ulku C Turba, Bulent Arslan
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a devastating medical problem that may lead to significant life alterations for patients, from simply limiting their daily activities to potential loss of limbs and eventual demise. Superficial femoral and popliteal arteries are significantly common locations for PVD sequelae to present itself, and owing to their length and mobile nature, treatment of these segments are quite challenging. Indications for PVD treatment include lifestyle-limiting claudication that is not responding to medical management, ischemic rest pain, nonhealing ulcers, and lower extremity gangrene...
June 2016: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Yung-Tsai Lee, Wei-Hsian Yin, Ho-Ping Yu, Jeng Wei
Given that coronary artery disease (CAD) in octogenarians undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) often presents with more complex lesions and extensive calcification, rotational atherectomy (RA) may be needed in some cases before stenting. However, data regarding the feasibility and safety of simultaneous RA during TAVI using the Medtronic CoreValve (MCV; Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) system are lacking. Three out of 107 (2.8%) patients (2 females, average age 85.6 years, mean aortic valve area 0...
September 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Michael S Lee, Moo-Hyun Kim, Seung-Woon Rha
: We assessed the feasibility and safety of a rota-flush solution with 10,000 U of unfractionated heparin in 1 L of normal saline in patients who underwent rotational atherectomy. BACKGROUND: Rotational atherectomy with the Rotablator (Boston Scientific) rotational atherectomy system is an effective way to modify severely calcified plaque. Potential complications include coronary spasm and slow-flow/no-flow. A pressured rota-flush solution is infused into the device to lubricate the drive shaft to minimize the risk of these complications as well as facilitate delivery of the device...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Christos Eftychiou, David S Barmby, Simon J Wilson, Salahaddin Ubaid, Andrew J Markwick, Loukia Makri, Jonathan M Blaxill, James C Spratt, Mark Gunning, John P Greenwood
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with outcomes following rotational atherectomy (RA). BACKGROUND: RA is an effective way to mechanically modify heavily calcified lesions before stenting; however its outcomes are not well defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospective evaluation of all patients who underwent RA in three large UK centers (Leeds General Infirmary (LGI), Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh (RIE) and University Hospital of North Staffordshire (UHNS)) from March 2005 to January 2013...
June 3, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
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