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Michigan state university

Carolyn E Z Pickering, Kimberly Ridenour, Zachary Salaysay, David Reyes-Gastelum, Steven J Pierce
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Universal screening for elder abuse and neglect is a current controversy in geriatrics, fueled by the lack of evidence on valid and reliable instruments. Since each U.S. State and many other countries have their own legal definitions of what constitutes elder abuse and neglect, this further complicates instrument development and clinical assessment. The purpose of this paper is to present data on the sensitivity and specificity of the QualCare Scale, an instrument with utility in detecting clinically significant elder abuse and neglect among older adults receiving care at home...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Ericka Snyder, Stephanie Cumper, Andrea Langolf, Chelsey Trayer, Chelsea Green
Michigan has the 17th highest adult obesity rate in the United States. Among college-aged adults between 18 and 25 years old, the rate of obesity was 11.6%. Obesity is a key precedent for the development of metabolic syndrome. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components among a sample of students at Central Michigan University. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 462 students, aged 18-25 years, in Spring 2015 and Fall/Spring 2016 semesters...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Luciana Lastrucci, Silvia Bertocci, Vittorio Bini, Simona Borghesi, Roberta De Majo, Andrea Rampini, Paola Pernici, Pietro Giovanni Gennari
PURPOSE: To analyze quality of life (QoL) and functional state (FS) by patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires (FACT-G, FACT-NP, PSS-HN, XeQOLS, and EQ-5D-3L) in long-term survivors nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with conventional radiotherapy (RT) and intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS: 25 patients answered to five questionnaires about QoL and FS. All patients were assessed also for late toxicity. RESULTS: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) and Performance Status Scale Head and Neck (PSS-HN) scores were significantly elevated (better QoL) in age <50 years (p = 0...
January 9, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
Beverly W Dabney, Mary Linton, Jamie Koonmen
Many nursing schools and public schools are facing various challenges including a lack of resources. Schools of nursing strive to provide meaningful clinical experiences despite the challenge of a limited supply of quality placements. Similarly, public schools are expected to provide more nursing services at a time when many school nurses already are overloaded. For example, new state legislation placed additional responsibilities (regarding epinephrine auto-injectors and cardiac emergency response plans) on school nurses in Michigan...
January 2017: NASN School Nurse
Randy Laurenz, Pavani Tumbalam, Seth Naeve, Kurt D Thelen
BACKGROUND: Isoflavones, such as genistein and daidzein, are produced in soybean seed [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and may be associated with health benefits in the human diet. More research is required to determine the effect of agronomic soybean treatments on isoflavone concentration. In this study from 2012 to 2014 at Michigan State University and Breckenridge locations, we have evaluated agronomic input management systems which are marketed to increase or protect potential soybean grain yield, including: nitrogen fertilization, herbicide-defoliant, foliar applied fertilizer, a biological-based foliar application, foliar applied fungicide, foliar applied insecticide, a seed applied fungicide, and a maximized seed treatment that included fungicide and insecticide as well as an inoculant and lipo-chitooligosaccharide nodulation promoter, for their effect on soybean seed genistein and daidzein concentrations...
December 16, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Lauren M Wancata, Helen Morgan, Gurjit Sandhu, Sally Santen, David T Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To map current medical school assessments for graduating students to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones in general surgery, and to pass forward individual performance metrics on level 1 milestones to receiving residency programs. DESIGN: The study included 20 senior medical students who were accepted into surgery internship positions. Data from medical school performance assessments from the third-year surgery clerkship, fourth-year surgery rotations, fourth-year surgery boot camp, Clinical Competency Assessment Examination, and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and 2 examinations were used to map each student's competency assessments to the General Surgery Milestones based on a scoring system created and validated by independent assessors...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Margaret A Powers
This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
Hadi Malek, Nahid Yaghoobi, Raheleh Hedayati
Quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion Single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) images is increasingly applied in modern nuclear cardiology practice, assisting in the interpretation of myocardial perfusion images (MPI). There are different extensively validated state-of-the-art software packages, including QPS (cedars-Sinai), Corridor 4DM (University of Michigan) and Emory cardiac toolbox (Emory university), providing highly accurate and reproducible data. However, these software packages may suffer from potential artifacts related to patient or technical factors...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Shannon M O'Connor, Christopher R Beam, Xiaochen Luo, L Adelyn Cohen, Jessica L VanHuysse, Robert E Emery, Eric Turkheimer, Pamela K Keel, S Alexandra Burt, Michael Neale, Steven Boker, Kelly Klump
OBJECTIVE: Prior twin studies provide support for a single "common factor" that contributes genetic and environmental risk to a range of disordered eating symptoms. However, the common factor may be indexed less well by binge eating (BE) than other symptoms of eating disorders [i.e., body dissatisfaction (BD) and weight preoccupation (WP)]. We sought to explore the presence of a common factor and test whether loadings differed across three key symptoms (i.e., BE, BD, WP). METHOD: Disordered eating was assessed via self-report in 631 female twin pairs from the Michigan State University Twin Registry...
February 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Anushey Pervez, Janet S Kinney, Anne Gwozdek, Christine M Farrell, Marita R Inglehart
In 2005, Public Act No. 161 (PA 161) was passed in Michigan, allowing dental hygienists to practice in approved public dental prevention programs to provide services for underserved populations while utilizing a collaborative agreement with a supervising dentist. The aims of this study were to assess how well dental and dental hygiene students and faculty members and practicing dental hygienists have been educated about PA 161, what attitudes and knowledge about the act they have, and how interested they are in additional education about it...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Roger C Haut, Feng Wei
This review was prepared for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Lissner Medal. It specifically discusses research performed in the Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratories on pediatric cranial bone mechanics and patterns of fracture in collaboration with the Forensic Anthropology Laboratory at Michigan State University. Cranial fractures are often an important element seen by forensic anthropologists during the investigation of pediatric trauma cases litigated in courts. While forensic anthropologists and forensic biomechanists are often called on to testify in these cases, there is little basic science developed in support of their testimony...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Mary E Anderson, Jeffrey J Glasheen, Debra Anoff, Read Pierce, Molly Lane, Christine D Jones
BACKGROUND: Medicaid is often associated with longer hospitalizations and higher in-hospital mortality than other insurance types. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the impact of state Medicaid expansion status under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on payer mix, length of stay (LOS), and in-hospital mortality. DESIGN/SETTING/PATIENTS: Retrospective cohort study of general medicine patients discharged from academic medical centers (AMCs) within the University HealthSystem Consortium from October 1, 2012 to September 30, 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Lisa Buckley, C Raymond Bingham, Carol A Flannagan, Patrick M Carter, Farideh Almani, Jessica B Cicchino
Motorcycle crashes result in a significant health burden, including many fatal injuries and serious non-fatal head injuries. Helmets are highly effective in preventing such trauma, and jurisdictions that require helmet use of all motorcyclists have higher rates of helmet use and lower rates of head injuries among motorcyclists. The current study examines helmet use and characteristics of helmeted operators and their riding conditions in Michigan, following a weakening of the state's universal motorcycle helmet use law in April 2012...
October 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Stephen M Modell, Karen Greendale, Toby Citrin, Sharon L R Kardia
DESCRIPTION: Among the two leading causes of death in the United States, each responsible for one in every four deaths, heart disease costs Americans $300 billion, while cancer costs Americans $216 billion per year. They also rank among the top three causes of death in Europe and Asia. In 2012 the University of Michigan Center for Public Health and Community Genomics and Genetic Alliance, with the support of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Office of Public Health Genomics, hosted a conference in Atlanta, Georgia to consider related action strategies based on public health genomics...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Kevin Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Takahiro Osawa, Cheryl T Lee, Takashige Abe, Norikata Takada, Khaled S Hafez, Jeffrey S Montgomery, Alon Z Weizer, Brent K Hollenbeck, Ted A Skolarus, Sachiyo Murai, Nobuo Shinohara, Todd M Morgan
Background: To identify potential avenues for quality improvement, we compared the variations in clinical practice and their association with perioperative morbidity and mortality following radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer in the United States (US) and Japan. Methods: We reviewed our retrospectively collected database of 2240 patients who underwent RC for bladder cancer at the University of Michigan (n = 1427) and in 21 Japanese institutions (n = 813) between 1997 and 2014. We performed a systematic comparison of clinical and perioperative factors and assessed predictors of perioperative morbidity and mortality...
2016: Bladder Cancer
L Zhou, A C Smith, L Yuan
NIOSH's mine fire simulation program, MFIRE, is widely accepted as a standard for assessing and predicting the impact of a fire on the mine ventilation system and the spread of fire contaminants in coal and metal/nonmetal mines, which has been used by U.S. and international companies to simulate fires for planning and response purposes. MFIRE is a dynamic, transient-state, mine ventilation network simulation program that performs normal planning calculations. It can also be used to analyze ventilation networks under thermal and mechanical influence such as changes in ventilation parameters, external influences such as changes in temperature, and internal influences such as a fire...
June 2016: Mining Engineering
Ian M Hildebrandt, Bradley P Marks, Vijay K Juneja, Marangeli Osoria, Nicole O Hall, Elliot T Ryser
Isothermal inactivation studies are commonly used to quantify thermal inactivation kinetics of bacteria. Meta-analyses and comparisons utilizing results from multiple sources have revealed large variations in reported thermal resistance parameters for Salmonella, even when in similar food materials. Different laboratory or regression methodologies likely are the source of methodology-specific artifacts influencing the estimated parameters; however, such effects have not been quantified. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of laboratory and regression methodologies on thermal inactivation data generation, interpretation, modeling, and inherent error, based on data generated in two independent laboratories...
July 2016: Journal of Food Protection
S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Deborah Gorman-Smith, Jenae M Neiderhiser
Neighborhood disadvantage plays a pivotal role in child mental health, including child antisocial behavior (e.g., lying, theft, vandalism; assault, cruelty). Prior studies have indicated that shared environmental influences on youth antisocial behavior increase with increasing disadvantage, but have been unable to confirm that these findings persist once various selection confounds are considered. The current study sought to fill this gap in the literature, examining whether and how neighborhood disadvantage alters the genetic and environmental origins of child antisocial behavior...
May 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
N G Dervisis, M Kiupel, Q Qin, L Cesario
Canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is an aggressive neoplasia with variable clinical course and fatal outcome. The goals of this study were to evaluate a large cohort of canine patients with immunohistochemically confirmed HS and identify clinical prognostic factors. Biopsy submissions to the Michigan State University with tentative HS diagnoses were histologically and immunohistochemically confirmed, medical records collected, and interviews with relevant veterinary clinics conducted. Of 1391 histopathology submissions with a diagnosis containing the word 'histiocytic', 335 were suspicious for malignancy, and 180 were consistent with HS and had adequate clinical information recorded...
June 23, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
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