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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450486/differentiating-acute-and-subacute-vertical-strabismus-using-different-head-positions-during-the-upright-supine-test
#1
João Lemos, Adnan Subei, Mário Sousa, César Nunes, Luís Cunha, Christopher Glisson, Eric Eggenberger
Importance: Accurate clinical differentiation between skew deviation and fourth nerve palsy (4NP) is critical in the acute and subacute settings. Objective: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of the upright-supine test to detect vertical misalignment changes using different head positions for the diagnosis of acute or subacute skew deviation vs 4NP. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter study enrolled consecutive patients from Coimbra University Hospital Centre, Coimbra, Portugal, and Michigan State University, Lansing, within 2 months of presenting with vertical diplopia and diagnosed as having skew deviation or acquired unilateral 4NP...
February 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400633/the-challenge-of-fixing-the-debt-recommendations-from-the-summit
#2
Donna L Harris, Harry M Chaddock
With education debt repayment taking up a significant amount of veterinarians' salaries, for a significant time into the working years, concern has been building that the current debt to starting salary ratio in the veterinary profession is not sustainable. The current ratio is 1.99:1, but it can be significantly higher for students who attend schools as an out-of-state resident. In April, 180 people concerned about this issue gathered at Michigan State University's College of Veterinary Medicine for a Fix the Debt Summit, which focused on actions that would reduce this ratio to a more sustainable level...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400535/high-precision-mass-measurement-of-56-cu-and-the-redirection-of-the-rp-process-flow
#3
A A Valverde, M Brodeur, G Bollen, M Eibach, K Gulyuz, A Hamaker, C Izzo, W-J Ong, D Puentes, M Redshaw, R Ringle, R Sandler, S Schwarz, C S Sumithrarachchi, J Surbrook, A C C Villari, I T Yandow
We report the mass measurement of ^{56}Cu, using the LEBIT 9.4 T Penning trap mass spectrometer at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University. The mass of ^{56}Cu is critical for constraining the reaction rates of the ^{55}Ni(p,γ) ^{56}Cu(p,γ) ^{57}Zn(β^{+}) ^{57}Cu bypass around the ^{56}Ni waiting point. Previous recommended mass excess values have disagreed by several hundred keV. Our new value, ME=-38626.7(7.1)  keV, is a factor of 30 more precise than the extrapolated value suggested in the 2012 atomic mass evaluation [Chin...
January 19, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369668/are-there-sex-differences-in-the-etiology-of-youth-antisocial-behavior
#4
S Alexandra Burt, Brooke L Slawinski, Kelly L Klump
Sex differences in the etiology of youth antisocial behavior are an intuitively appealing hypothesis given the consistently higher prevalence of antisocial behavior in boys versus girls. Although a few early studies supported this possibility, reporting stronger genetic influences in females and stronger environmental influences in males, subsequent meta-analyses found that antisocial behavior was equally heritable in males and females. Critically however, none of the meta-analyses evaluated whether sex differences in etiology might be enhanced in particular subpopulations or contexts...
January 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308276/beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-in-the-united-states-a-single-center-descriptive-and-comparative-study
#5
Nathan C Kilian, Amr H Sawalha
Objective: Behçet's disease is heterogeneous with clinical variability across ethnicities and geographic locations. The goal of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of our multi-ethnic Behçet's disease cohort at the University of Michigan. Material and Methods: A detailed patient characterization was performed. Differences in disease characteristics between men and women, and between patients fulfilling the International Criteria for Behçet's Disease (ICBD) and the International Study Group criteria (ISG) were determined in our cohort...
December 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303441/a-cross-sectional-study-of-neurosurgical-department-chairs-in-the-united-states
#6
Patrick M Flanigan, Arman Jahangiri, Joshua L Golubovsky, Jaret M Karnuta, Francis J May, Mitchel S Berger, Manish K Aghi
OBJECTIVE The position of neurosurgery department chair undergoes constant evolution as the health care landscape changes. The authors' aim in this paper was to characterize career attributes of neurosurgery department chairs in order to define temporal trends in qualities being sought in neurosurgical leaders. Specifically, they investigated the hypothesis that increased qualifications in the form of additional advanced degrees and research acumen are becoming more common in recently hired chairs, possibly related to the increased complexity of their role...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241992/educational-content-and-the-use-of-social-media-at-us-departments-of-surgery
#7
Vahagn C Nikolian, Meredith Barrett, Valeria S Valbuena, Andrew M Ibrahim, Hassan Eidy, Mohamed H Ghandour, Amir A Ghaferi
BACKGROUND: The growth of the social media platform Twitter has prompted many to consider its potential as an educational tool. Little is known about how surgery training programs are utilizing this resource and whether this platform can provide educational content effectively. We sought to determine national utilization of Twitter by departments of surgery in the United States and evaluate if educationally driven content heightened engagement with the Twitter followers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of social media presence for all Accreditation Council for Graduation Medical Education accredited general surgery training programs between October 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016...
December 11, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239984/profiling-inflammatory-markers-during-the-competitive-season-and-post-season-in-collegiate-wrestlers
#8
Joe Roth, Taylor Szczygiel, Mary Moore, Paul O'Connor, Jeffrey Edwards, Naveen Sharma, Ryan Pettit-Mee, Micah Zuhl
The purpose of this study was to determine if biological markers of muscle damage and inflammation coincide with subjective measures of muscle fatigue and sleep quality among Division I collegiate wrestlers. The goal was to provide practitioners with noninvasive techniques to evaluate a wrestlers inflammatory state. METHODS: Subjects from the Central Michigan University Division I collegiate wrestling team (n=6) were analyzed on six separate occasions throughout the course of the competitive season and post season...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193179/maximum-likelihood-estimation-of-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-against-transmission-from-the-household-and-from-the-community
#9
Kylie E C Ainslie, Michael J Haber, Ryan E Malosh, Joshua G Petrie, Arnold S Monto
Influenza vaccination is recommended as the best way to protect against influenza infection and illness. Due to seasonal changes in influenza virus types and subtypes, a new vaccine must be produced, and vaccine effectiveness (VE) must be estimated, annually. Since 2010, influenza vaccination has been recommended universally in the United States, making randomized clinical trials unethical. Recent studies have used a monitored household cohort study design to determine separate VE estimates against influenza transmission from the household and community...
November 28, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125444/online-postconcussion-return-to-play-instructions
#10
Jennylee S Swallow, Jacob R Joseph, Kylene Willsey, Andrea A Almeida, Matthew T Lorincz, Paul Park, Nicholas J Szerlip, Steven P Broglio
OBJECTIVE The authors of recent concussion guidelines have sought to form a consensus on injury management, but it is unclear if they have been effective in conveying this information to the public. Many parents and athletes obtain medical recommendations via the Internet. This review is aimed at evaluating consistency between online resources and published guideline statements in postconcussion return-to-play (RTP) decisions. METHODS Five websites were selected through a Google search for RTP after concussion, including a federal government institution (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) website, a national high school association (National Federation of State High School Associations) website, a popular nationally recognized medical website for patients (WebMD), a popular parent-driven website for parents of children who participate in sports (MomsTeam), and the website of a private concussion clinic (Sports Concussion Institute), along with a university hospital website (University of Michigan Medicine)...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116975/progress-on-a-new-kind-of-progress-test-assessing-medical-students-clinical-skills
#11
Robin H DeMuth, Jonathan G Gold, Brian E Mavis, Dianne P Wagner
PROBLEM: Progress testing of medical knowledge has advantages over traditional medical school examination strategies. However, little is known about its use in assessing medical students' clinical skills or their integration of clinical skills with necessary science knowledge. The authors previously reported on the feasibility of the Progress Clinical Skills Examination (PCSE), piloted with a group of early learners. This subsequent pilot test studied the exam's validity to determine whether the PCSE is sensitive to the growth in students' clinical skills across the four years of medical school...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072954/fetal-vascular-malperfusion
#12
REVIEW
Amer Heider
CONTEXT: - Fetal vascular malperfusion, also known as fetal thrombotic vasculopathy, remains an underrecognized pathologic finding and should be noted during placental evaluation. OBJECTIVE: - To review histologic findings, gain familiarity with the updated terminology, and to recognize important clinical associations with this entity. DATA SOURCES: - University of Michigan cases, PubMed search, multiple review articles including recent placental workshop group consensus statement, and selected book chapters...
November 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048969/school-based-curriculum-to-improve-depression-literacy-among-us-secondary-school-students-a-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Karen Swartz, Rashelle J Musci, Mary Beth Beaudry, Kathryn Heley, Leslie Miller, Clarissa Alfes, Lisa Townsend, Graham Thornicroft, Holly C Wilcox
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a universal school-based depression education program. METHODS: In 2012-2015, we matched 6679 students from 66 secondary schools into pairs by state (Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Oklahoma) and randomized to the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP; n = 3681) or to a waitlist control condition (n = 2998). Trained teachers delivered ADAP as part of the health education curriculum to students aged 14 to 15 years...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973591/war-medicine-and-cultural-diplomacy-in-the-americas-frank-wilson-and-brazilian-cardiology
#14
Simone P Kropf, Joel D Howell
American cultural diplomacy played a key role in the institutionalization of Brazilian cardiology. In 1942, Frank Wilson, an internationally recognized pioneer in electrocardiography, made an extended wartime visit to Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The visit was sponsored by the United States Department of State as part of Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy and brought Wilson together with a group of physicians who would establish the specialty of cardiology in Brazil. This US cultural and diplomatic initiative strengthened an academic network that was already evolving and would eventually prove to be of benefit to both sides...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973182/perceived-importance-of-pursuing-osteopathic-recognition-in-the-single-accreditation-system-a-survey-of-medical-students-residents-and-faculty
#15
Kari Hortos, William Corser, Brandy Church, Jonathan Rohrer, Kirsten Waarala
Context: As graduate medical education evolves under the single accreditation system, osteopathic residency programs and consortia strive for sustainable ways to achieve and support the Osteopathic Recognition (OR) designation. Objective: To determine whether differences existed in perceived importance of OR from 3 cohorts of osteopathic stakeholders: students, residents, and faculty. Methods: A nonexperimental quantitative cross-sectional online survey was administered during February and March 2016 to osteopathic medical students at Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine and residents and faculty from the affiliated Statewide Campus System...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959928/investigation-of-blood-lead-concentrations-in-dogs-living-in-flint-michigan
#16
Daniel K Langlois, John B Kaneene, Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan, Barbara L Daniels, Hilda Mejia-Abreu, Nancy A Frank, John P Buchweitz
OBJECTIVE To measure blood lead concentrations (BLCs) in dogs living in Flint, Mich, following a declared water crisis and to assess potential associations of BLCs with demographic data, water sources, and clinical signs in these dogs. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 284 dogs residing in Flint, Mich (test population), and 47 dogs residing in East Lansing, Mich (control population), and immediately adjacent areas. PROCEDURES Blood samples were collected at free screening clinics in Flint (test population) and at the Michigan State University College of Veterinary Medicine Veterinary Medical Center (control population)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902621/online-teaching-efficacy-a-product-of-professional-development-and-ongoing-support
#17
Sally Richter, Lynda Idleman
The purpose of the pilot study was to investigate the perceptions of online teaching efficacy of nursing faculty who teach courses in which 51% or more of the content is offered online. Bandura's psychological construct of self-efficacy served as the conceptual framework. The research survey was administered to nursing faculty in a state university system located in the southeastern United States of America, plus two private universities. The Michigan Nurse Educator's Sense of Efficacy for Online Teaching Scale, which contains 32 items that measure how nurse educators judge their current capabilities for teaching online nursing courses, was used to gather data...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899153/book-review-an-emotional-state-the-politics-of-emotion-in-postwar-west-german-culture-an-emotional-state-the-politics-of-emotion-in-postwar-west-german-culture-by-parkinson-anna-m-ann-arbor-university-of-michigan-press-2015-viii-251-pp-70-00-hardcover-30-00
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885694/influence-of-preoperative-septic-peritonitis-and-anastomotic-technique-on-the-dehiscence-of-enterectomy-sites-in-dogs-a-retrospective-review-of-210-anastomoses
#19
Daniel J Davis, Ryan M Demianiuk, Jon Musser, Maria Podsiedlik, Joe Hauptman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of preoperative septic peritonitis (PSP) and stapled versus hand-sewn anastomoses on the dehiscence of intestinal resection and anastomosis (IRA). We hypothesized that the incidence of IRA dehiscence would be greater (1) when performed with PSP and (2) for hand-sewn anastomoses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. ANIMAL POPULATIONS: Client-owned dogs at Michigan State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital...
September 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871984/developing-and-validating-a-survival-prediction-model-for-nsclc-patients-through-distributed-learning-across-3-countries
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Arthur Jochems, Timo M Deist, Issam El Naqa, Marc Kessler, Chuck Mayo, Jackson Reeves, Shruti Jolly, Martha Matuszak, Randall Ten Haken, Johan van Soest, Cary Oberije, Corinne Faivre-Finn, Gareth Price, Dirk de Ruysscher, Philippe Lambin, Andre Dekker
PURPOSE: Tools for survival prediction for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with chemoradiation or radiation therapy are of limited quality. In this work, we developed a predictive model of survival at 2 years. The model is based on a large volume of historical patient data and serves as a proof of concept to demonstrate the distributed learning approach. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Clinical data from 698 lung cancer patients, treated with curative intent with chemoradiation or radiation therapy alone, were collected and stored at 2 different cancer institutes (559 patients at Maastro clinic (Netherlands) and 139 at Michigan university [United States])...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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