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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048969/school-based-curriculum-to-improve-depression-literacy-among-us-secondary-school-students-a-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#1
Karen Swartz, Rashelle J Musci, Mary Beth Beaudry, Kathryn Heley, Leslie Miller, Clarissa Alfes, Lisa Townsend, Graham Thornicroft, Holly C Wilcox
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a universal school-based depression education program. METHODS: In 2012-2015, we matched 6679 students from 66 secondary schools into pairs by state (Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Oklahoma) and randomized to the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP; n = 3681) or to a waitlist control condition (n = 2998). Trained teachers delivered ADAP as part of the health education curriculum to students aged 14 to 15 years...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973591/war-medicine-and-cultural-diplomacy-in-the-americas-frank-wilson-and-brazilian-cardiology
#2
Simone P Kropf, Joel D Howell
American cultural diplomacy played a key role in the institutionalization of Brazilian cardiology. In 1942, Frank Wilson, an internationally recognized pioneer in electrocardiography, made an extended wartime visit to Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The visit was sponsored by the United States Department of State as part of Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy and brought Wilson together with a group of physicians who would establish the specialty of cardiology in Brazil. This US cultural and diplomatic initiative strengthened an academic network that was already evolving and would eventually prove to be of benefit to both sides...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973182/perceived-importance-of-pursuing-osteopathic-recognition-in-the-single-accreditation-system-a-survey-of-medical-students-residents-and-faculty
#3
Kari Hortos, William Corser, Brandy Church, Jonathan Rohrer, Kirsten Waarala
Context: As graduate medical education evolves under the single accreditation system, osteopathic residency programs and consortia strive for sustainable ways to achieve and support the Osteopathic Recognition (OR) designation. Objective: To determine whether differences existed in perceived importance of OR from 3 cohorts of osteopathic stakeholders: students, residents, and faculty. Methods: A nonexperimental quantitative cross-sectional online survey was administered during February and March 2016 to osteopathic medical students at Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine and residents and faculty from the affiliated Statewide Campus System...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959928/investigation-of-blood-lead-concentrations-in-dogs-living-in-flint-michigan
#4
Daniel K Langlois, John B Kaneene, Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan, Barbara L Daniels, Hilda Mejia-Abreu, Nancy A Frank, John P Buchweitz
OBJECTIVE To measure blood lead concentrations (BLCs) in dogs living in Flint, Mich, following a declared water crisis and to assess potential associations of BLCs with demographic data, water sources, and clinical signs in these dogs. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 284 dogs residing in Flint, Mich (test population), and 47 dogs residing in East Lansing, Mich (control population), and immediately adjacent areas. PROCEDURES Blood samples were collected at free screening clinics in Flint (test population) and at the Michigan State University College of Veterinary Medicine Veterinary Medical Center (control population)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902621/online-teaching-efficacy-a-product-of-professional-development-and-ongoing-support
#5
Sally Richter, Lynda Idleman
The purpose of the pilot study was to investigate the perceptions of online teaching efficacy of nursing faculty who teach courses in which 51% or more of the content is offered online. Bandura's psychological construct of self-efficacy served as the conceptual framework. The research survey was administered to nursing faculty in a state university system located in the southeastern United States of America, plus two private universities. The Michigan Nurse Educator's Sense of Efficacy for Online Teaching Scale, which contains 32 items that measure how nurse educators judge their current capabilities for teaching online nursing courses, was used to gather data...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899153/book-review-an-emotional-state-the-politics-of-emotion-in-postwar-west-german-culture-an-emotional-state-the-politics-of-emotion-in-postwar-west-german-culture-by-parkinson-anna-m-ann-arbor-university-of-michigan-press-2015-viii-251-pp-70-00-hardcover-30-00
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885694/influence-of-preoperative-septic-peritonitis-and-anastomotic-technique-on-the-dehiscence-of-enterectomy-sites-in-dogs-a-retrospective-review-of-210-anastomoses
#7
Daniel J Davis, Ryan M Demianiuk, Jon Musser, Maria Podsiedlik, Joe Hauptman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of preoperative septic peritonitis (PSP) and stapled versus hand-sewn anastomoses on the dehiscence of intestinal resection and anastomosis (IRA). We hypothesized that the incidence of IRA dehiscence would be greater (1) when performed with PSP and (2) for hand-sewn anastomoses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. ANIMAL POPULATIONS: Client-owned dogs at Michigan State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital...
September 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871984/developing-and-validating-a-survival-prediction-model-for-nsclc-patients-through-distributed-learning-across-3-countries
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Arthur Jochems, Timo M Deist, Issam El Naqa, Marc Kessler, Chuck Mayo, Jackson Reeves, Shruti Jolly, Martha Matuszak, Randall Ten Haken, Johan van Soest, Cary Oberije, Corinne Faivre-Finn, Gareth Price, Dirk de Ruysscher, Philippe Lambin, Andre Dekker
PURPOSE: Tools for survival prediction for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with chemoradiation or radiation therapy are of limited quality. In this work, we developed a predictive model of survival at 2 years. The model is based on a large volume of historical patient data and serves as a proof of concept to demonstrate the distributed learning approach. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Clinical data from 698 lung cancer patients, treated with curative intent with chemoradiation or radiation therapy alone, were collected and stored at 2 different cancer institutes (559 patients at Maastro clinic (Netherlands) and 139 at Michigan university [United States])...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870977/recommendations-for-prevention-and-control-of-influenza-in-children-2017-2018
#9
(no author information available yet)
This statement updates the recommendations for routine use of the seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza in children. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older, including children and adolescents. Highlights for the upcoming 2017-2018 season include the following:1. Annual universal influenza immunization is indicated with either a trivalent or quadrivalent (no preference) inactivated vaccine;2...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810978/factors-associated-with-medical-school-entrants-interest-in-military-financial-assistance-in-exchange-for-a-service-obligation-the-michigan-state-university-college-of-human-medicine-cohort
#10
Dean G Sienko, Kathleen Oberst
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. military offers comprehensive scholarships to medical students to help offset costs in exchange for either reserve or active duty service commitments. Our goal was to describe to what degree newly admitted students to Michigan State University's College of Human Medicine were aware of and interested in these opportunities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 176 newly admitted students at the beginning and immediately following a presentation on military medicine opportunities...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717716/breast-cancer-and-african-ancestry-lessons-learned-at-the-10-year-anniversary-of-the-ghana-michigan-research-partnership-and-international-breast-registry
#11
Evelyn Jiagge, Joseph Kwaku Oppong, Jessica Bensenhaver, Francis Aitpillah, Kofi Gyan, Ishmael Kyei, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Ernest Adjei, Michael Ohene-Yeboah, Kathy Toy, Karen Eubanks Jackson, Marian Akpaloo, Dorcas Acheampong, Beatrice Antwi, Faustina Obeng Agyeman, Zainab Alhassan, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, Robert Newman Brewer, Amma Gyamfuah, Barbara Salem, Timothy Johnson, Max Wicha, Sofia Merajver, Celina Kleer, Judy Pang, Emmanuel Amankwaa-Frempong, Azadeh Stark, Francis Abantanga, Lisa Newman, Baffour Awuah
Women with African ancestry in western, sub-Saharan Africa and in the United States represent a population subset facing an increased risk of being diagnosed with biologically aggressive phenotypes of breast cancer that are negative for the estrogen receptor, the progesterone receptor, and the HER2/neu marker. These tumors are commonly referred to as triple-negative breast cancer. Disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcome related to racial or ethnic identity motivated the establishment of the International Breast Registry, on the basis of partnerships between the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana, the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702257/the-relationship-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-30-day-readmission-rates
#12
Stephanie Ostling, Jennifer Wyckoff, Scott L Ciarkowski, Chih-Wen Pai, Hae Mi Choe, Vinita Bahl, Roma Gianchandani
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 9.3% of the population in the United States have diabetes mellitus (DM), 28% of which are undiagnosed. The high prevalence of DM makes it a common comorbid condition in hospitalized patients. In recent years, government agencies and healthcare systems have increasingly focused on 30-day readmission rates to determine the complexity of their patient populations and to improve quality. Thirty-day readmission rates for hospitalized patients with DM are reported to be between 14...
2017: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691847/expanding-the-developmental-boundaries-of-etiologic-effects-the-role-of-adrenarche-in-genetic-influences-on-disordered-eating-in-males
#13
Kristen M Culbert, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump
Genetic influences on disordered eating (DE) increase across age and puberty in girls, an effect that is at least partially due to ovarian hormone activation. However, development shifts in genetic effects have not been detected in boys; genetic influences have been found to be relatively constant from prepuberty to adulthood, suggesting that gonadal hormones may be less important. One caveat is that studies have examined males ages 10 or older. Genetic effects on DE may emerge earlier in boys, such as during adrenarche, when androgens begin to increase but the physical changes of puberty are not yet observable...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691840/eating-disorder-specific-risk-factors-moderate-the-relationship-between-negative-urgency-and-binge-eating-a-behavioral-genetic-investigation
#14
Sarah E Racine, Jessica L VanHuysse, Pamela K Keel, S Alexandra Burt, Michael C Neale, Steven Boker, Kelly L Klump
Theoretical models of binge eating and eating disorders include both transdiagnostic and eating disorder-specific risk factors. Negative urgency (i.e., the tendency to act impulsively when distressed) is a critical transdiagnostic risk factor for binge eating, but limited research has examined interactions between negative urgency and disorder-specific variables. Investigating these interactions can help identify the circumstances under which negative urgency is most strongly associated with binge eating. We examined whether prominent risk factors (i...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679544/risk-prediction-modeling-on-family-based-sequencing-data-using-a-random-field-method
#15
Yalu Wen, Alexandra Burt, Qing Lu
Family-based design is one of the most popular designs in genetic studies and has many unique features for risk-prediction research. It is robust against genetic heterogeneity, and the relatedness among family members can be informative for predicting an individual's risk for disease with polygenic and shared environmental components of risk. Despite these strengths, family-based designs have been used infrequently in current risk-prediction studies, and their related statistical methods have not been well developed...
September 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678097/the-effect-of-a-community-based-medical-school-on-the-state-and-local-physician-workforce
#16
Julie P Phillips, Andrea L Wendling, Carolyn A Fahey, Brian E Mavis
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of community-based medical education as implemented by Michigan State University College of Human Medicine (MSU-CHM), which has immersed students in diverse communities across Michigan since its founding, on the physician workforce in the six communities in which clinical campuses were initially established. METHOD: The authors used American Medical Association Masterfile data from 2011 to obtain practice locations and specialty data for all MSU-CHM graduates from 1972 through 2006...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560852/the-significant-effects-of-puberty-on-the-genetic-diathesis-of-binge-eating-in-girls
#17
Kelly L Klump, Kristen M Culbert, Shannon O'Connor, Natasha Fowler, S Alexandra Burt
OBJECTIVE: Recent data show significant phenotypic and genetic associations between ovarian hormones and binge eating in adulthood. Theories of hormonal risk focus on puberty and the possibility that hormone activation induces changes in genetic effects that then lead to differential risk for binge eating in postpuberty and adulthood. Although this theory is difficult to test in humans, an indirect test is to examine whether genetic influences on binge eating increase during the pubertal period in girls...
August 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538576/the-effects-of-motorcycle-helmet-legislation-on-craniomaxillofacial-injuries
#18
Nicholas S Adams, Patrick A Newbury, Mitchell G Eichhorn, Alan T Davis, Robert J Mann, John W Polley, John A Girotto
BACKGROUND: Motorcycle helmet legislation has been a contentious topic for over a half-century. Benefits of helmet use in motorcycle trauma patients are well documented. In 2012, Michigan repealed its universal motorcycle helmet law in favor of a partial helmet law. The authors describe the early clinical effects on facial injuries throughout Michigan. METHODS: Retrospective data from the Michigan Trauma Quality Improvement Program trauma database were evaluated...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498844/windowed-persistent-homology-a-topological-signal-processing-algorithm-applied-to-clinical-obesity-data
#19
Craig Biwer, Amy Rothberg, Heidi IglayReger, Harm Derksen, Charles F Burant, Kayvan Najarian
Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent in the population of the United States, affecting roughly 2/3 of Americans. These diseases, along with their associated conditions, are a major burden on the healthcare industry in terms of both dollars spent and effort expended. Volitional weight loss is attempted by many, but weight regain is common. The ability to predict which patients will lose weight and successfully maintain the loss versus those prone to regain weight would help ease this burden by allowing clinicians the ability to skip treatments likely to be ineffective...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453426/taking-chances-a-new-librarian-and-curriculum-redesign
#20
Iris Kovar-Gough
As technology becomes ubiquitous in designing and delivering medical school curricula, health sciences librarians can embrace emerging opportunities for participation in curriculum design. A new medical librarian at Michigan State University Libraries engaged her user base outside of established duties, learned new skills, and challenged preconceived notions about librarians' roles. In the process, she became a partner in copyright education, amended license agreements for enhanced curricular multimedia use, and facilitated curriculum mapping through taxonomy building...
April 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
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