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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616575/organizing-a-large-scale-physiology-understanding-phun-week-event-at-a-science-center
#1
Valerie S VanRyn, James M Poteracki, Micaela Balzer, Erica A Wehrwein
For the past 6 yr, the Department of Physiology at Michigan State University (MSU) has partnered with Impression 5 Science Center in Lansing, MI. Together, we host a day-long community engagement event on a Saturday each year in early November coinciding with the American Physiological Society's Physiology Understanding Week. The purpose was to provide a fun and memorable hands-on experience for children and families. This paper describes the detailed planning and logistics. The event takes place in the main exhibit space at the science center, generally has 15-17 physiology activities stations set up as booths run by volunteers, and the event runs as an open-house format...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584495/using-naturalistic-driving-data-to-better-understand-the-driving-exposure-and-patterns-of-older-drivers
#2
Lisa J Molnar, David W Eby, Scott E Bogard, David J LeBlanc, Jennifer S Zakrajsek
OBJECTIVE: The aging of the population in the United States and elsewhere has brought increasing attention to the issue of safe driving and mobility among older adults. The overall objective of this research was to use naturalistic data collection to better understand driving exposure and driving patterns, 2 important contributors to crash risk. METHODS: Data came from a study conducted at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute as part of the Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety System (IVBSS) program...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576042/a-generalizable-data-driven-approach-to-predict-daily-risk-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-at-two-large-academic-health-centers
#3
Jeeheh Oh, Maggie Makar, Christopher Fusco, Robert McCaffrey, Krishna Rao, Erin E Ryan, Laraine Washer, Lauren R West, Vincent B Young, John Guttag, David C Hooper, Erica S Shenoy, Jenna Wiens
OBJECTIVE An estimated 293,300 healthcare-associated cases of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) occur annually in the United States. To date, research has focused on developing risk prediction models for CDI that work well across institutions. However, this one-size-fits-all approach ignores important hospital-specific factors. We focus on a generalizable method for building facility-specific models. We demonstrate the applicability of the approach using electronic health records (EHR) from the University of Michigan Hospitals (UM) and the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)...
April 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558630/erratum
#4
(no author information available yet)
Stachler RJ, Francis DO, Schwartz SR, et al. Clinical practice guideline: hoarseness (dysphonia) (update). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;158:S1-S42. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0194599817751030) Stachler RJ, Francis DO, Schwartz SR, et al. Clinical practice guideline: hoarseness (dysphonia) (update) executive summary. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;158:409-426. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0194599817751031) Krouse HJ, Reavis CW, Stachler RJ, Francis DO, O'Connor S. Plain language summary: hoarseness (dysphonia). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551697/comprehensive-multicenter-graduate-surgical-education-initiative-incorporating-entrustable-professional-activities-continuous-quality-improvement-cycles-and-a-web-based-platform-to-enhance-teaching-and-learning
#5
Cheryl I Anderson, Marc D Basson, Muhammad Ali, Alan T Davis, Robert L Osmer, Michael K McLeod, Pam S Haan, Robert G Molnar, Andi N Peshkepija, John C Hardaway, Karen A Chojnacki, Christopher C Pfeifer, Jeffrey M Gauvin, Mark W Jones, M Ashraf Mansour
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly important for faculty to teach deliberately and provide timely, detailed and formative feedback on surgical trainee performance. We initiated a multicenter study to improve resident evaluative processes and enhance teaching and learning behaviors while engaging residents in their education. METHODS: Faculty from seven U.S. postgraduate training programs rated resident operative performances using the perioperative briefing, intraoperative teaching, debriefing model (BID) and rated patient visits/academic performances using the entrustable professional activities (EPAs) model via a web-based platform...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543941/utilization-of-ophthalmologist-consultation-for-emergency-care-at-a-university-hospital
#6
Sophia Y Wang, Mariam S Hamid, David C Musch, Maria A Woodward
Importance: Nearly 2 million patients visit emergency departments (EDs) because of eye concerns annually in the United States. How hospitals currently assign these patients to treatment is important for designing systems that equitably allocate resources for eye care in urgent settings. Objective: To investigate factors associated with ophthalmology consultation for eye-related adult ED encounters to assess possible disparities by sex, race/ethnicity, language preference, or residential distance from the medical center...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450486/differentiating-acute-and-subacute-vertical-strabismus-using-different-head-positions-during-the-upright-supine-test
#7
João Lemos, Adnan Subei, Mário Sousa, César Nunes, Luís Cunha, Christopher Glisson, Eric Eggenberger
Importance: Accurate clinical differentiation between skew deviation and fourth nerve palsy (4NP) is critical in the acute and subacute settings. Objective: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of the upright-supine test to detect vertical misalignment changes using different head positions for the diagnosis of acute or subacute skew deviation vs 4NP. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter study enrolled consecutive patients from Coimbra University Hospital Centre, Coimbra, Portugal, and Michigan State University, Lansing, within 2 months of presenting with vertical diplopia and diagnosed as having skew deviation or acquired unilateral 4NP...
February 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400633/the-challenge-of-fixing-the-debt-recommendations-from-the-summit
#8
Donna L Harris, Harry M Chaddock
With education debt repayment taking up a significant amount of veterinarians' salaries, for a significant time into the working years, concern has been building that the current debt to starting salary ratio in the veterinary profession is not sustainable. The current ratio is 1.99:1, but it can be significantly higher for students who attend schools as an out-of-state resident. In April, 180 people concerned about this issue gathered at Michigan State University's College of Veterinary Medicine for a Fix the Debt Summit, which focused on actions that would reduce this ratio to a more sustainable level...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400535/high-precision-mass-measurement-of-56-cu-and-the-redirection-of-the-rp-process-flow
#9
A A Valverde, M Brodeur, G Bollen, M Eibach, K Gulyuz, A Hamaker, C Izzo, W-J Ong, D Puentes, M Redshaw, R Ringle, R Sandler, S Schwarz, C S Sumithrarachchi, J Surbrook, A C C Villari, I T Yandow
We report the mass measurement of ^{56}Cu, using the LEBIT 9.4 T Penning trap mass spectrometer at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University. The mass of ^{56}Cu is critical for constraining the reaction rates of the ^{55}Ni(p,γ) ^{56}Cu(p,γ) ^{57}Zn(β^{+}) ^{57}Cu bypass around the ^{56}Ni waiting point. Previous recommended mass excess values have disagreed by several hundred keV. Our new value, ME=-38626.7(7.1)  keV, is a factor of 30 more precise than the extrapolated value suggested in the 2012 atomic mass evaluation [Chin...
January 19, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369668/are-there-sex-differences-in-the-etiology-of-youth-antisocial-behavior
#10
S Alexandra Burt, Brooke L Slawinski, Kelly L Klump
Sex differences in the etiology of youth antisocial behavior are an intuitively appealing hypothesis given the consistently higher prevalence of antisocial behavior in boys versus girls. Although a few early studies supported this possibility, reporting stronger genetic influences in females and stronger environmental influences in males, subsequent meta-analyses found that antisocial behavior was equally heritable in males and females. Critically however, none of the meta-analyses evaluated whether sex differences in etiology might be enhanced in particular subpopulations or contexts...
January 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308276/beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-in-the-united-states-a-single-center-descriptive-and-comparative-study
#11
Nathan C Kilian, Amr H Sawalha
Objective: Behçet's disease is heterogeneous with clinical variability across ethnicities and geographic locations. The goal of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of our multi-ethnic Behçet's disease cohort at the University of Michigan. Material and Methods: A detailed patient characterization was performed. Differences in disease characteristics between men and women, and between patients fulfilling the International Criteria for Behçet's Disease (ICBD) and the International Study Group criteria (ISG) were determined in our cohort...
December 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303441/a-cross-sectional-study-of-neurosurgical-department-chairs-in-the-united-states
#12
Patrick M Flanigan, Arman Jahangiri, Joshua L Golubovsky, Jaret M Karnuta, Francis J May, Mitchel S Berger, Manish K Aghi
OBJECTIVE The position of neurosurgery department chair undergoes constant evolution as the health care landscape changes. The authors' aim in this paper was to characterize career attributes of neurosurgery department chairs in order to define temporal trends in qualities being sought in neurosurgical leaders. Specifically, they investigated the hypothesis that increased qualifications in the form of additional advanced degrees and research acumen are becoming more common in recently hired chairs, possibly related to the increased complexity of their role...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241992/educational-content-and-the-use-of-social-media-at-us-departments-of-surgery
#13
Vahagn C Nikolian, Meredith Barrett, Valeria S Valbuena, Andrew M Ibrahim, Hassan Eidy, Mohamed H Ghandour, Amir A Ghaferi
BACKGROUND: The growth of the social media platform Twitter has prompted many to consider its potential as an educational tool. Little is known about how surgery training programs are utilizing this resource and whether this platform can provide educational content effectively. We sought to determine national utilization of Twitter by departments of surgery in the United States and evaluate if educationally driven content heightened engagement with the Twitter followers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of social media presence for all Accreditation Council for Graduation Medical Education accredited general surgery training programs between October 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016...
February 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239984/profiling-inflammatory-markers-during-the-competitive-season-and-post-season-in-collegiate-wrestlers
#14
Joe Roth, Taylor Szczygiel, Mary Moore, Paul O'Connor, Jeffrey Edwards, Naveen Sharma, Ryan Pettit-Mee, Micah Zuhl
The purpose of this study was to determine if biological markers of muscle damage and inflammation coincide with subjective measures of muscle fatigue and sleep quality among Division I collegiate wrestlers. The goal was to provide practitioners with noninvasive techniques to evaluate a wrestlers inflammatory state. METHODS: Subjects from the Central Michigan University Division I collegiate wrestling team (n=6) were analyzed on six separate occasions throughout the course of the competitive season and post season...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193179/maximum-likelihood-estimation-of-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-against-transmission-from-the-household-and-from-the-community
#15
Kylie E C Ainslie, Michael J Haber, Ryan E Malosh, Joshua G Petrie, Arnold S Monto
Influenza vaccination is recommended as the best way to protect against influenza infection and illness. Due to seasonal changes in influenza virus types and subtypes, a new vaccine must be produced, and vaccine effectiveness (VE) must be estimated, annually. Since 2010, influenza vaccination has been recommended universally in the United States, making randomized clinical trials unethical. Recent studies have used a monitored household cohort study design to determine separate VE estimates against influenza transmission from the household and community...
March 15, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125444/online-postconcussion-return-to-play-instructions
#16
Jennylee S Swallow, Jacob R Joseph, Kylene Willsey, Andrea A Almeida, Matthew T Lorincz, Paul Park, Nicholas J Szerlip, Steven P Broglio
OBJECTIVE The authors of recent concussion guidelines have sought to form a consensus on injury management, but it is unclear if they have been effective in conveying this information to the public. Many parents and athletes obtain medical recommendations via the Internet. This review is aimed at evaluating consistency between online resources and published guideline statements in postconcussion return-to-play (RTP) decisions. METHODS Five websites were selected through a Google search for RTP after concussion, including a federal government institution (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) website, a national high school association (National Federation of State High School Associations) website, a popular nationally recognized medical website for patients (WebMD), a popular parent-driven website for parents of children who participate in sports (MomsTeam), and the website of a private concussion clinic (Sports Concussion Institute), along with a university hospital website (University of Michigan Medicine)...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116975/progress-on-a-new-kind-of-progress-test-assessing-medical-students-clinical-skills
#17
Robin H DeMuth, Jonathan G Gold, Brian E Mavis, Dianne P Wagner
PROBLEM: Progress testing of medical knowledge has advantages over traditional medical school examination strategies. However, little is known about its use in assessing medical students' clinical skills or their integration of clinical skills with necessary science knowledge. The authors previously reported on the feasibility of the Progress Clinical Skills Examination (PCSE), piloted with a group of early learners. This subsequent pilot test studied the exam's validity to determine whether the PCSE is sensitive to the growth in students' clinical skills across the four years of medical school...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072954/fetal-vascular-malperfusion
#18
REVIEW
Amer Heider
CONTEXT: - Fetal vascular malperfusion, also known as fetal thrombotic vasculopathy, remains an underrecognized pathologic finding and should be noted during placental evaluation. OBJECTIVE: - To review histologic findings, gain familiarity with the updated terminology, and to recognize important clinical associations with this entity. DATA SOURCES: - University of Michigan cases, PubMed search, multiple review articles including recent placental workshop group consensus statement, and selected book chapters...
November 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048969/school-based-curriculum-to-improve-depression-literacy-among-us-secondary-school-students-a-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Karen Swartz, Rashelle J Musci, Mary Beth Beaudry, Kathryn Heley, Leslie Miller, Clarissa Alfes, Lisa Townsend, Graham Thornicroft, Holly C Wilcox
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a universal school-based depression education program. METHODS: In 2012-2015, we matched 6679 students from 66 secondary schools into pairs by state (Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Oklahoma) and randomized to the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP; n = 3681) or to a waitlist control condition (n = 2998). Trained teachers delivered ADAP as part of the health education curriculum to students aged 14 to 15 years...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973591/war-medicine-and-cultural-diplomacy-in-the-americas-frank-wilson-and-brazilian-cardiology
#20
Simone P Kropf, Joel D Howell
American cultural diplomacy played a key role in the institutionalization of Brazilian cardiology. In 1942, Frank Wilson, an internationally recognized pioneer in electrocardiography, made an extended wartime visit to Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The visit was sponsored by the United States Department of State as part of Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy and brought Wilson together with a group of physicians who would establish the specialty of cardiology in Brazil. This US cultural and diplomatic initiative strengthened an academic network that was already evolving and would eventually prove to be of benefit to both sides...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
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