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Michigan state university

Shannon M O'Connor, Christopher R Beam, Xiaochen Luo, L Adelyn Cohen, Jessica L VanHuysse, Robert E Emery, Eric Turkheimer, Pamela K Keel, S Alexandra Burt, Michael Neale, Steven Boker, Kelly Klump
OBJECTIVE: Prior twin studies provide support for a single "common factor" that contributes genetic and environmental risk to a range of disordered eating symptoms. However, the common factor may be indexed less well by binge eating (BE) than other symptoms of eating disorders [i.e., body dissatisfaction (BD) and weight preoccupation (WP)]. We sought to explore the presence of a common factor and test whether loadings differed across three key symptoms (i.e., BE, BD, WP). METHOD: Disordered eating was assessed via self-report in 631 female twin pairs from the Michigan State University Twin Registry...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Anushey Pervez, Janet S Kinney, Anne Gwozdek, Christine M Farrell, Marita R Inglehart
In 2005, Public Act No. 161 (PA 161) was passed in Michigan, allowing dental hygienists to practice in approved public dental prevention programs to provide services for underserved populations while utilizing a collaborative agreement with a supervising dentist. The aims of this study were to assess how well dental and dental hygiene students and faculty members and practicing dental hygienists have been educated about PA 161, what attitudes and knowledge about the act they have, and how interested they are in additional education about it...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Roger C Haut, Feng Wei
This review was prepared for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers H.R. Lissner Medal. It specifically discusses research performed in Michigan State University (MSU) on pediatric cranial bone mechanics and patterns of fracture. Cranial fractures are often seen during the investigation of pediatric trauma cases litigated in courts. While forensic anthropologists and biomechanists are often called on to testify in these cases, there is little basic science developed in support of their testimony. The following is a review of studies conducted in MSU and supported by the National Institute of Justice to begin an understanding of the mechanics and patterns of pediatric cranial bone fracture...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Mary E Anderson, Jeffrey J Glasheen, Debra Anoff, Read Pierce, Molly Lane, Christine D Jones
BACKGROUND: Medicaid is often associated with longer hospitalizations and higher in-hospital mortality than other insurance types. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the impact of state Medicaid expansion status under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on payer mix, length of stay (LOS), and in-hospital mortality. DESIGN/SETTING/PATIENTS: Retrospective cohort study of general medicine patients discharged from academic medical centers (AMCs) within the University HealthSystem Consortium from October 1, 2012 to September 30, 2015...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Lisa Buckley, C Raymond Bingham, Carol A Flannagan, Patrick M Carter, Farideh Almani, Jessica B Cicchino
Motorcycle crashes result in a significant health burden, including many fatal injuries and serious non-fatal head injuries. Helmets are highly effective in preventing such trauma, and jurisdictions that require helmet use of all motorcyclists have higher rates of helmet use and lower rates of head injuries among motorcyclists. The current study examines helmet use and characteristics of helmeted operators and their riding conditions in Michigan, following a weakening of the state's universal motorcycle helmet use law in April 2012...
October 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Stephen M Modell, Karen Greendale, Toby Citrin, Sharon L R Kardia
DESCRIPTION: Among the two leading causes of death in the United States, each responsible for one in every four deaths, heart disease costs Americans $300 billion, while cancer costs Americans $216 billion per year. They also rank among the top three causes of death in Europe and Asia. In 2012 the University of Michigan Center for Public Health and Community Genomics and Genetic Alliance, with the support of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Office of Public Health Genomics, hosted a conference in Atlanta, Georgia to consider related action strategies based on public health genomics...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Kevin Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Takahiro Osawa, Cheryl T Lee, Takashige Abe, Norikata Takada, Khaled S Hafez, Jeffrey S Montgomery, Alon Z Weizer, Brent K Hollenbeck, Ted A Skolarus, Sachiyo Murai, Nobuo Shinohara, Todd M Morgan
Background: To identify potential avenues for quality improvement, we compared the variations in clinical practice and their association with perioperative morbidity and mortality following radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer in the United States (US) and Japan. Methods: We reviewed our retrospectively collected database of 2240 patients who underwent RC for bladder cancer at the University of Michigan (nā€Š=ā€Š1427) and in 21 Japanese institutions (nā€Š=ā€Š813) between 1997 and 2014. We performed a systematic comparison of clinical and perioperative factors and assessed predictors of perioperative morbidity and mortality...
2016: Bladder Cancer
L Zhou, A C Smith, L Yuan
NIOSH's mine fire simulation program, MFIRE, is widely accepted as a standard for assessing and predicting the impact of a fire on the mine ventilation system and the spread of fire contaminants in coal and metal/nonmetal mines, which has been used by U.S. and international companies to simulate fires for planning and response purposes. MFIRE is a dynamic, transient-state, mine ventilation network simulation program that performs normal planning calculations. It can also be used to analyze ventilation networks under thermal and mechanical influence such as changes in ventilation parameters, external influences such as changes in temperature, and internal influences such as a fire...
June 2016: Mining Engineering
Ian M Hildebrandt, Bradley P Marks, Vijay K Juneja, Marangeli Osoria, Nicole O Hall, Elliot T Ryser
Isothermal inactivation studies are commonly used to quantify thermal inactivation kinetics of bacteria. Meta-analyses and comparisons utilizing results from multiple sources have revealed large variations in reported thermal resistance parameters for Salmonella, even when in similar food materials. Different laboratory or regression methodologies likely are the source of methodology-specific artifacts influencing the estimated parameters; however, such effects have not been quantified. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of laboratory and regression methodologies on thermal inactivation data generation, interpretation, modeling, and inherent error, based on data generated in two independent laboratories...
July 2016: Journal of Food Protection
S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Deborah Gorman-Smith, Jenae M Neiderhiser
Neighborhood disadvantage plays a pivotal role in child mental health, including child antisocial behavior (e.g., lying, theft, vandalism; assault, cruelty). Prior studies have indicated that shared environmental influences on youth antisocial behavior increase with increasing disadvantage, but have been unable to confirm that these findings persist once various selection confounds are considered. The current study sought to fill this gap in the literature, examining whether and how neighborhood disadvantage alters the genetic and environmental origins of child antisocial behavior...
May 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
N G Dervisis, M Kiupel, Q Qin, L Cesario
Canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is an aggressive neoplasia with variable clinical course and fatal outcome. The goals of this study were to evaluate a large cohort of canine patients with immunohistochemically confirmed HS and identify clinical prognostic factors. Biopsy submissions to the Michigan State University with tentative HS diagnoses were histologically and immunohistochemically confirmed, medical records collected, and interviews with relevant veterinary clinics conducted. Of 1391 histopathology submissions with a diagnosis containing the word 'histiocytic', 335 were suspicious for malignancy, and 180 were consistent with HS and had adequate clinical information recorded...
June 23, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Xiaochen Luo, M Brent Donnellan, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump
Eating disorders are conceptualized as categorical rather than dimensional in the current major diagnostic system (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; 5th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and in many previous studies. However, previous research has not critically evaluated this assumption or tested hybrid models (e.g., modeling latent variables with both dimensional and categorical features). Accordingly, the current study directly compared categorical, dimensional, and hybrid models for eating pathology in a large, population-based sample...
July 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Aishwarya Navalpakam, Mohammed Dany, Inaya Hajj Hussein
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination decreases the risk for cervical cancer. However, the uptake of HPV vaccine remains low when compared with other recommended vaccines. This study evaluates the knowledge and attitudes towards HPV infection and vaccination, and the readiness for the uptake of HPV vaccine amongst female students attending Oakland University (OU) in Michigan, United States. This is a cross-sectional study targeting a randomized sample of a 1000 female OU students using an online questionnaire...
2016: PloS One
Sumi Thomas, Yaser Hussein, Sudeshna Bandyopadhyay, Michele Cote, Oudai Hassan, Eman Abdulfatah, Baraa Alosh, Hui Guan, Robert A Soslow, Rouba Ali-Fehmi
CONTEXT: -Low interobserver diagnostic agreement exists among high-grade endometrial carcinomas. OBJECTIVE: -To evaluate diagnostic variability in International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) grade 3 endometrioid adenocarcinoma (G3EC) in 2 different sign-out practices. DESIGN: -Sixty-six G3EC cases were identified from pathology archives of Wayne State University (WSU, Detroit, Michigan) (general surgical pathology sign-out) and 65 from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK, New York, New York) (gynecologic pathology focused sign-out)...
August 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Joseph C Kolars, Weigang Fang, Kai Zheng, Amy Y Huang, Qiudan Sun, Yanfang Wang, James O Woolliscroft, Yang Ke
PROBLEM: Clinical and translational research is increasing in China, attracting faculty-to-faculty collaborations between U.S. and Chinese researchers. However, examples of successful institution-to-institution collaborations to facilitate this research are limited. The authors describe a partnership between Peking University Health Science Center (PUHSC) and the University of Michigan Medical School (UMMS) designed to enable faculty-initiated joint translational and clinical research projects...
April 26, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Mensah Adinkrah, William M Clemens
The U.S. state of Michigan abolished the death penalty in 1846. Since then, several abortive efforts have been made by state legislators to re-establish the death sentence to deal with convicted murderers. Concurrently, some support exists among Michigan residents for the restoration of capital punishment in the state. This article presents the results of the analysis of an attitudinal survey of 116 college students enrolled in three criminal justice courses in a Michigan public university concerning the reinstatement of the death sentence in the state...
April 15, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Brendan J Russo, Timothy P Barrette, Jeffery Morden, Peter T Savolainen, Timothy J Gates
OBJECTIVE: Motorcycle riders account for a disproportionately high number of traffic injuries and fatalities as compared with occupants of other vehicle types. While research has demonstrated the benefits of helmet use in preventing serious and fatal injuries in the event of a crash, helmet use has remained relatively stable in the United States where the most recent national estimates show a 64 percent use rate. Use rates have been markedly lower among those states that do not have a universal helmet law for all riders...
April 13, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Shannon M O'Connor, S Alexandra Burt, Jessica L VanHuysse, Kelly L Klump
Previous studies suggest strong associations between exposure to weight-conscious peer groups and increased levels of disordered eating. This association has been attributed to socialization effects (i.e., membership leads to disordered eating); however, selection effects (i.e., selecting into peer groups based on genetic and/or environmental predispositions toward disordered eating) could contribute to or even account for these associations. The current study was the first to use a co-twin control design to disentangle these types of selection factors from socialization effects...
April 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Matthew Allsbrook, Brant E Fries, Kristina L Szafara, Randolph E Regal
PURPOSE: Among antidepressants, selective serotonin reup-take inhibitors (SSRIs) have enjoyed great popularity among clinicians as well as generally wide acceptance and tolerance among patients. A potentially overlooked side effect of SSRIs is the occasional occurrence of extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS), which could be a concern when SSRIs are used with antipsychotics. This study was designed to explore the possible association between SSRI antidepressant use and the incidence of EPS side effects in patients who take concomitant antipsychotic medications...
February 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
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