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sepsis patophysiology

A Mifkovic, J Skultety, D Pindak, J Pechan
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is still a disease with a significant mortality rate, mainly concerning the severe forms of this disease. Mortality in acute pancreatitis has 2 peaks. The first peak is caused by systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), which takes place in the first week of the disease. Sepsis is responsible for a second peak. It begins 1 to 3 weeks after the onset of acute pancreatitis and is caused by pancreatic superinfection. Sepsis as a result of infected pancreatic necrosis is the most serious complication in late phase of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and contributes to the high mortality rate of this disease...
2009: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
F Stagnitti, S M Calderale, F Priore, S Ribaldi, R Tiberi, M De Pascalis, F Corona, F Schillaci, A Costantini, P F Salvi
The abdominal compartment syndrome is a high grade abdominal hypertension with clinical evidence of multiorgan failure (MOF). It is more and more frequently observed in intensive-care units as a complication in critical patients, but especially in traumatology and surgery. The incidence is highly variable according to the different trials but the severity of scores is the common factor. All the possible mechanical, haemorrhagical, inflammatory and traumatological causes act but do not enable the stability of the abdominal content, abdominal compliance and parietal tension...
October 2004: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
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