keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diagnosis of pneumonia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443591/clinical-findings-of-pediatric-hiv-infection-at-a-tertiary-center-in-turkey
#1
Murat Sütçü, Manolya Acar, Hacer Aktürk, Selda Hançerli Torun, Hayati Beka, Ali Ağaçfidan, Nuran Salman, Ayper Somer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric HIV infection is different from adult type of disease in many ways including transmission routes, clinical findings and treatment strategies. AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate clinical data of our pediatric HIV patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: The charts of 22 pediatric patients diagnosed with HIV infection in our clinic during a 14 year period through 2001-2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443235/seronegative-complicated-hydatid-cyst-of-the-lung-a-case-report
#2
Eva Letty Susanne Engström, Goran Nadir Salih, Lothar Wiese
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an important helminthic zoonotic disease that commonly affects the liver and lungs. Imaging methods and serology establish the diagnosis in most cases. Chest x-ray can diagnose uncomplicated pulmonary hydatid cysts, whereas superinfection and/or rupture of the hydatid cyst (complicated cysts) may change the radiographic appearance and lead to delayed diagnosis and treatment. We report the case of a patient with hemoptysis and chest pain, where computer tomography scan of the lung suggested a large, ruptured hydatid cyst...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441828/-clinical-analysis-of-seven-cases-of-pulmonary-malignant-tumors-in-children
#3
D Xu, Z M Chen, W Z Gu, Y S Wang, M X Huang, L F Tang, Y Y Zhang, Y Jiang
Objective: To understand the clinical manifestation, imaging characteristics and outcomes of pulmonary malignant tumors in children. Method: We retrospectively collected information about seven cases of pulmonary malignant tumors in children in our hospital from Jan 2010 to Dec 2016. The information included clinical manifestation, imaging characteristics, pathologic results, and treatment. Result: (1) All the seven patients firstly visited pediatric internal medicine departments. Symptoms included cough (n=6), dyspnea (n=4), fever (n=2), anorexia (n=2), chest tightness (n=1), chest pain (n=1), lameness (n=1), abdominal distension and constipation (n=1)...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440314/the-peripheral-blood-proteome-signature-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-is-distinct-from-normal-and-is-associated-with-novel-immunological-processes
#4
David N O'Dwyer, Katy C Norman, Meng Xia, Yong Huang, Stephen J Gurczynski, Shanna L Ashley, Eric S White, Kevin R Flaherty, Fernando J Martinez, Susan Murray, Imre Noth, Kelly B Arnold, Bethany B Moore
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and fatal interstitial pneumonia. The disease pathophysiology is poorly understood and the etiology remains unclear. Recent advances have generated new therapies and improved knowledge of the natural history of IPF. These gains have been brokered by advances in technology and improved insight into the role of various genes in mediating disease, but gene expression and protein levels do not always correlate. Thus, in this paper we apply a novel large scale high throughput aptamer approach to identify more than 1100 proteins in the peripheral blood of well-characterized IPF patients and normal volunteers...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437673/successful-primary-repair-of-late-diagnosed-spontaneous-esophageal-rupture-a-case-report
#5
Diana Y Kircheva, Wickii T Vigneswaran
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous esophageal rupture is rare, roughly 300 cases reported annually. Diagnosis is often delayed or missed. Overall mortality is about 20%. This feared high mortality rate has led to the misconception that primary esophageal repair should be avoided in late diagnosed patients. We report a successful primary repair of spontaneous esophageal rupture which was delayed for more than two weeks. METHODS: A 53 year-old male presented to our medical service after falsely having been treated for pneumonia at an outside hospital...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437204/drainage-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-for-malignant-bowel-obstruction-in-gastrointestinal-cancers-prognosis-and-implications-for-timing-of-palliative-intervention
#6
Kerry-Ann Pinard, Tabitha N Goring, Barbara C Egan, Douglas J Koo
BACKGROUND: Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) is a frequent complication in patients with advanced solid tumors. Palliative relief may be achieved by the use of a drainage percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (dPEG) tube, although optimal timing of placement remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine median survival after diagnosis of MBO and dPEG placement, factors associated with worse survival in MBO, factors associated with receipt of dPEG, and association of timing of dPEG placement on survival...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432193/randomised-positive-control-trial-of-nsaid-and-antimicrobial-treatment-for-calf-fever-caused-by-pneumonia
#7
S A Mahendran, R Booth, M Burge, N J Bell
One hundred and fifty-four preweaning calves were followed between May and October 2015. Calves were fitted with continuous monitoring temperature probes (TempVerified FeverTag), programmed so a flashing light emitting diode (LED) light was triggered following six hours of a sustained ear canal temperature of ≥39.7°C. A total of 83 calves (61.9 per cent) developed undifferentiated fever, with a presumptive diagnosis of pneumonia through exclusion of other calf diseases. Once fever was detected, calves were randomly allocated to treatment groups...
April 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431934/etiological-analysis-and-epidemiological-comparison-among-adult-cap-and-nhcap-patients-in-okinawa-japan
#8
Gretchen Parrott, Daijiro Nebeya, Takeshi Kinjo, Kazuya Miyagi, Shusaku Haranaga, Futoshi Higa, Masao Tateyama, Jiro Fujita
BACKGROUND: Etiological epidemiology and diagnosis are important issues for CAP and NHCAP. Despite the availability of effective therapies, significant morbidity and mortality ensues. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the etiology of 200 pneumonia patients at the University of the Ryukyus Hospital. Patients were categorized into CAP (n = 97) or NHCAP (n = 103), according to the Japanese Respiratory Society guidelines. Diagnoses were made using clinical tests including, Gram stain, bacterial culture, serum and urinary tests...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428678/productive-cough-in-children-and-adolescents-view-from-primary-health-care-system
#9
REVIEW
Edin Begic, Zijo Begic, Amra Dobraca, Edo Hasanbegovic
Cough is one of the most common symptoms that doctor faces in working with pediatric population, and according to some characteristics of cough, doctors can often conclude localization, and sometimes even the nature of the disease that causes it. Cough is not only the physiological defense reaction, but a symptom of a disease. According to duration it can be acute, chronic and recidivist, recurrent and persistent, strong or discreet, caused by changes in body position and changes in outside temperature. Pathoanatomically it is divided into lobar, lobular, alveolar and interstitial, pathogenetically to bronchogenic and hematogenous, as well as in immuno competent and immunocompromised, and clinically on the local and inpatient (72 hours after hospital admission)...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424790/development-of-isothermal-recombinase-polymerase-amplification-assay-for-rapid-detection-of-porcine-circovirus-type-2
#10
Yang Yang, Xiaodong Qin, Yingjun Sun, Guozheng Cong, Yanmin Li, Zhidong Zhang
Porcine circovirus virus type II (PCV2) is the etiology of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), porcine dermatitis, nephropathy syndrome (PDNS), and necrotizing pneumonia. Rapid diagnosis tool for detection of PCV2 plays an important role in the disease control and eradication program. Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assays using a real-time fluorescent detection (PCV2 real-time RPA assay) and RPA combined with lateral flow dipstick (PCV2 RPA LFD assay) were developed targeting the PCV2 ORF2 gene...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424077/plasma-metabolomics-for-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-h1n1-influenza-pneumonia
#11
Mohammad M Banoei, Hans J Vogel, Aalim M Weljie, Anand Kumar, Sachin Yende, Derek C Angus, Brent W Winston
BACKGROUND: Metabolomics is a tool that has been used for the diagnosis and prognosis of specific diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine if metabolomics could be used as a potential diagnostic and prognostic tool for H1N1 pneumonia. Our hypothesis was that metabolomics can potentially be used early for the diagnosis and prognosis of H1N1 influenza pneumonia. METHODS: (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to profile the metabolome in 42 patients with H1N1 pneumonia, 31 ventilated control subjects in the intensive care unit (ICU), and 30 culture-positive plasma samples from patients with bacterial community-acquired pneumonia drawn within the first 24 h of hospital admission for diagnosis and prognosis of disease...
April 19, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423095/first-reported-case-of-fulminant-tb-with-progression-of-infection-from-lungs-to-the-genitourinary-region
#12
Tatjana Adzic-Vukicevic, Aleksandra Barac, Aleksandra Dudvarski Ilic, Radmila Jankovic, Jovan Hadzi-Djokic, Dragica Pesut
Although tuberculosis (TB) is a curable disease, it continues to be one of the leading infections associated with death in the world. Extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB) occurs in approximately 10% of the total cases, presenting with lymph nodes, pleura, bone and genitourinary tract as the most common locations. Genitourinary tuberculosis, the second most common EPTB, is very difficult to diagnose unless there is a high index of suspicion. Isolated TB orchitis or prostatitis without clinical evidence of renal involvement is a rare entity among genitourinary tuberculosis...
April 13, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420677/tcup-typing-and-characterization-of-bacteria-using-bottom-up-tandem-mass-spectrometry-proteomics
#13
Fredrik Boulund, Roger Karlsson, Lucia Gonzales-Siles, Anna Johnning, Nahid Karami, Omar Al-Bayati, Christina Ahren, Edward R B Moore, Erik Kristiansson
Methods for rapid and reliable microbial identification are essential in modern healthcare. The ability to detect and correctly identify pathogenic species and their resistance phenotype is necessary for accurate diagnosis and efficient treatment of infectious diseases. Bottom-up tandem mass spectrometry (MS) proteomics enables rapid characterization of large parts of the expressed genes of microorganisms. However, the generated data is highly fragmented, making down-stream analyses complex. Here we present TCUP, a new computational method for typing and characterizing bacteria using proteomics data from bottom-up tandem MS...
April 18, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417070/acute-bacteremic-pneumonia-due-to-melioidosis-developing-in-the-intensive-care-setting
#14
Huda Zainal Abidin, Alwi Muhd Besari, Chandran Nadarajan, Wan Fadzlina Wan Shukeri, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan, Soon Eu Chong, Zeti Norfidiyati Salmuna Ayub
In Malaysia, melioidosis is commonly encountered as this infection is known as part of the endemic area for the disease. Managing cases of positive Burkholderia pseudomallei infection can involve multidisciplinary unit mainly, microbiologist, infectious disease team and intensive care as it may be quite difficult to distinguish melioidosis from a number of other diseases on the clinical setting alone. Laboratory diagnosis plays a vital role in determining the direction of management. Investigations such as culture, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and serology should be evaluated once the disease is suspected...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415969/carbapenem-resistance-inappropriate-empiric-treatment-and-outcomes-among-patients-hospitalized-with-enterobacteriaceae-urinary-tract-infection-pneumonia-and-sepsis
#15
Marya D Zilberberg, Brian H Nathanson, Kate Sulham, Weihong Fan, Andrew F Shorr
BACKGROUND: Drug resistance among gram-negative pathogens is a risk factor for inappropriate empiric treatment (IET), which in turn increases the risk for mortality. We explored the impact of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) on the risk of IET and of IET on outcomes in patients with Enterobacteriaceae infections. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Premier Perspective database (2009-2013) of 175 US hospitals. We included all adult patients with community-onset culture-positive urinary tract infection (UTI), pneumonia, or sepsis as a principal diagnosis, or as a secondary diagnosis in the setting of respiratory failure, treated with antibiotics within 2 days of admission...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414687/disseminated-cryptococcal-disease-with-diffuse-pulmonary-infiltrates-in-a-non-hiv-host
#16
M Hughes, K Trivedi, M Rudrappa
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of disseminated Cryptococcus in a non-HIV host, where the primary manifestation was pulmonary with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. This patient was on high dose corticosteroids for autoimmune hemolytic anemia. CASE: A 79 year old Caucasian man with a history of autoimmune hemolytic anemia on 100 mg of prednisone daily, coronary artery disease s/p bypass surgery, ischemic cardiomyopathy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sleep apnea, chronic kidney disease, and history of bilateral pulmonary emboli presented to Hematology/Oncology clinic with symptoms of productive cough, worsening shortness of breath, hemoptysis...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413775/an-interesting-case-of-mycoplasma-pneumonia-associated-multisystem-involvement-and-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage
#17
Rashmi Mishra, Edison Cano, Sindhaghatta Venkatram, Gilda Diaz-Fuentes
Severe mycoplasma pneumonia is a rare entity with only 0.5-2% of cases having a fulminant course. We present a 74-year-old woman with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and remote history of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma admitted with abdominal pain and diarrhea of 1-2 days associated with body-aches, dyspnea, dry cough and weight loss for 2-3 weeks. On physical exam, she was febrile, tachypneic, tachycardic and hypoxic on room air. Chest examination revealed diffuse crackles and end-expiratory wheezes. Laboratory tests showed anemia, acute-on-chronic kidney injury and hyaline casts and epithelial cells in the urine analysis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413649/hazardous-factors-besides-infection-in-hypoglycemia
#18
Yu-Jang Su, Yen-Chun Lai, Chia-Jung Liao
Hypoglycemia is one of the most common issues encountered in daily emergency practice. In addition to the treatment of hypoglycemia, certain other situations concomitant with hypoglycemia require further treatment. The aim of the present study was to compare demographic and clinical characteristics of infected [urinary tract infection (UTI), pneumonia or biliary tract infection (BTI)] vs. non-infected hypoglycemic patients to establish which hypoglycemic patients required further observation or hospitalization...
April 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413489/retrospective-review-of-epidemic-viral-pneumonia-cases-in-turkey-a-multicenter-study
#19
Mustafa Çörtük, Murat Acat, Onur Yazici, Zehra Yasar, Kemal Kiraz, Sena Yapicioglu Ataman, Elif Tanriverdi, Burcak Zitouni, Cenk Kirakli, Ozlem Ediboglu, Fevziye Tuksavul, Adem Dirican, Hale Kefeli Celik, Sevket Ozkaya, Erdogan Cetinkaya
Influenza A (H1N1) caused its first pandemic in 2009 in USA and Mexico. Since then, clinicians have exercised great care in order to make an early diagnosis of viral pneumonias. This is due in part to pandemic influenza A infection having greater impact on populations <65 years old than other viral strains, including seasonal influenza. Chest radiographies of those affected displayed a rapid progression of patchy infiltrates, and a large proportion of individuals required admission to intensive care units (ICU)...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412726/inhaled-corticosteroids-have-a-protective-effect-against-lung-cancer-in-female-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Shih-Feng Liu, Ho-Chang Kuo, Meng-Chih Lin, Shu-Chen Ho, Mei-Lien Tu, Yu-Mu Chen, Yung-Che Chen, Wen-Feng Fang, Chin-Chou Wang, Guan-Heng Liu
Whether the use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) protects patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) from lung cancer remains undetermined. In this retrospective nationwide population-based cohort study, we extracted data of 13,686 female COPD patients (ICS users, n = 1,290, ICS non-users, n = 12,396) diagnosed between 1997 and 2009 from the Taiwan's National Health Insurance database. These patients were followed-up until 2011, and lung cancer incidence was determined. Cox regression analysis was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for lung cancer incidence...
February 16, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
107019
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"