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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431618/induction-chemotherapy-plus-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-in-endemic-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-individual-patient-data-pooled-analysis-of-four-randomized-trials
#1
Yu-Pei Chen, Ling-Long Tang, Qi Yang, Sharon-Shuxian Poh, Edwin P Hui, Anthony Tc Chan, Whee Sze Ong, Tan Terence, Joseph T Wee, Wen-Fei Li, Lei Chen, Brigette B Y Ma, Macy Tong, Sze Huey Tan, Shie-Lee Cheah, Kam-Weng Fong, Kiattisa Sommat, Yoke Lim Soong, Ying Guo, Ai-Hua Lin, Ying Sun, Minghuang Hong, Sumei Cao, Mingyuan Chen, Jun Ma
PURPOSE: Due to uneven geographical distribution and small number of randomized trials available, the value of additional induction chemotherapy (IC) to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains controversial. This study performed an individual patient data (IPD) pooled analysis to better assess the precise role of IC+CCRT in locoregionally advanced NPC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Four randomized trials in endemic areas were identified, representing 1,193 patients; updated IPD were obtained...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413404/comparison-of-failure-patterns-between-tubular-breast-carcinoma-and-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-krog-14-25
#2
Won Kyung Cho, Doo Ho Choi, Jieun Lee, Won Park, Yong Bae Kim, Chang-Ok Suh, Kyung Hwan Shin, Seung Hyuck Jeon, Kyubo Kim, Kyung Ran Park, Jin Hee Kim, Sung Ja Ahn, Won Sup Yoon, Dae Sik Yang, Juree Kim, Jong Hoon Lee, Ji Woon Yea
PURPOSE: Information on tubular carcinoma (TC) of breast is limited due to its rarity. A multi-institutional study was performed to investigate the prognosis and failure patterns of TC compared to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected retrospective data on 205 patients with TC from eleven institutions. For each TC case, 3 cases with IDC were matched according to similar size, t-stage, and n-stage from the same institution. Patterns of failure, disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed and compared between the groups...
January 30, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410693/intra-renal-splenosis-mimicking-a-solid-renal-mass
#3
Ethan A Neufeld, Simran Sekhon, Eugenio O Gerscovich
We present the case of a young woman found to have an exophytic solid renal mass who was referred to our institution for ablation of said mass versus partial nephrectomy. The patient had a history of splenectomy. Ultrasound demonstrated a homogeneous solid left renal mass, and the diagnosis of intra-renal splenosis was considered based on the patient's history. The diagnosis was confirmed using Tc-99 m heat-damaged red blood cell scintigraphy, obviating the need for an invasive procedure. The diagnosis of intra-renal splenosis should be considered for a solid renal mass with an appropriate history of prior splenic trauma or splenectomy...
August 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404934/biochemical-and-pathologic-factors-affecting-technetium-99m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile-imaging-results-in-patients-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#4
Aysenur Ozderya, Sule Temizkan, Aylin Ege Gul, Sule Ozugur, Kenan Cetin, Kadriye Aydin
OBJECTIVE: Technetium 99 m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (Tc-99m MIBI) scintigraphy represents the most commonly utilized imaging modality for the detection of the diseased gland in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). In this study, we aimed to identify potential biological factors with an impact on MIBI sensitivity. METHODS: A total of 147 patients with surgically confirmed parathyroid adenomas were assessed retrospectively. Data including medical history, biochemical and hormonal measurements, cervical US, Tc-99m MIBI scans as well as pathology reports were retrieved and recorded...
February 5, 2018: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395887/palivizumab-administration-in-preterm-infants-in-france-epipage-2-cohort-study
#5
H Torchin, J Rousseau, L Marchand-Martin, P Truffert, P-H Jarreau, P-Y Ancel
BACKGROUND: Several countries, including France, have restricted the indications for monoclonal antibodies directed against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) compared to the marketing authorization (MA). No new data concerning use of palivizumab on a national scale have been published since the 2007 update of the national guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To describe palivizumab administration for RSV prophylaxis during the first RSV season in infants born prematurely in France in 2011...
January 27, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371809/development-of-a-high-resolution-multi-locus-microsatellite-typing-method-for-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides
#6
Nikita Mehta, Ferry Hagen, Sadaf Aamir, Sanjay K Singh, Abhishek Baghela
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is an economically important fungal pathogen causing substantial yield losses indifferent host plants. To understand the genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of this fungus, we have developed a novel, high-resolution multi-locus microsatellite typing (MLMT) method. Bioinformatic analysis of C. gloeosporioides unannotated genome sequence yielded eight potential microsatellite loci, of which five, CG1 (GT)n, CG2 (GT1)n, CG3 (TC)n, CG4 (CT)n, and CG5 (CT1)n were selected for further study based on their universal amplification potential, reproducibility, and repeat number polymorphism...
December 2017: Mycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358116/cadmium-and-atherosclerosis-a-review-of-toxicological-mechanisms-and-a-meta-analysis-of-epidemiologic-studies
#7
REVIEW
Alexey A Tinkov, Tommaso Filippini, Olga P Ajsuvakova, Margarita G Skalnaya, Jan Aaseth, Geir Bjørklund, Eugenia R Gatiatulina, Elizaveta V Popova, Olga N Nemereshina, Pai-Tsang Huang, Marco Vinceti, Anatoly V Skalny
Cadmium has been proposed to be the one of the factors of atherosclerosis development, although the existing data are still controversial. The primary objective of the present study is the review and the meta-analysis of studies demonstrating the association between Cd exposure and atherosclerosis as well as review of the potential mechanisms of such association. We performed a systematic search in the PubMed-Medline database using the MeSH terms cadmium, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, mortality and humans up through December 20, 2017...
January 19, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356462/a-randomized-multicenter-clinical-trial-of-99-tc-methylene-diphosphonate-in-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Rong Mu, Jun Liang, Lingyun Sun, Zhuoli Zhang, Xiangyuan Liu, Cibo Huang, Ping Zhu, Xiaoxia Zuo, Jieruo Gu, Xiangpei Li, Xingfu Li, Yi Liu, Ping Feng, Zhanguo Li
AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of technetium-99 conjugated with methylene diphosphonate (99 Tc-MDP, Yunke Pharmaceutical industry) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 120 patients with active RA were randomly divided into three groups: Group A (receiving oral meloxicam tablets); Group B (receiving intravenous drip of 99 TC-MDP); Group C (receiving combination treatment of intravenous drip of 99 Tc-MDP and oral meloxicam tablets)...
January 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344714/angiographic-anatomy-and-relevance-of-3-and-9-o-clock-arteries-during-radioembolization
#9
Maciej Powerski, Bartosz Bascik, Jazan Omari, Shahen El-Sanosy, Oliver S Grosser, Max Seidensticker, Frank Fischbach, Maciej Pech
PURPOSE: 3 and 9 o'clock arteries (3&9As) which supply the common hepatic duct connect hepatic with duodenal/pancreatic territories. The study purpose is to describe the angiographic anatomy of 3&9As and discuss their relevance when performing radioembolization (RE) of liver malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anatomy of the 3&9As was systematically investigated by a retrospective analysis of angiograms, technetium Tc-99 m-macroaggregated albumin (MAA) scintigrams, yttrium-90 (Y90) Bremsstrahlung-SPECT/CT datasets, and clinical data of 153 patients who underwent RE between 2010 and 2013...
January 17, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332377/comparisons-of-three-different-doses-of-alirocumab-application-in-patients-with-hypercholesterolaemia-a-meta-analysis
#10
Yu-Sheng Zhang, Ye-Hua Hao, Hou-Long Luo, Bao-Cheng Xie, Jian-Ying Fu, Zhi-Kun Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels are associated with incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Alirocumab has been considered as an efficacious, safe and promising therapeutic modality for hypercholesterolemia. The purpose of this study is to compare the differences of the three different doses of alirocumab in patients with hypercholesterolaemia. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Randomized controlled trials were identified from PubMed, EMBASE, PMC and Cochrane-library databases...
January 11, 2018: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331260/multifaceted-behavior-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-children
#11
Qingjiang Chen, Zhigang Gao, Lifeng Zhang, Yuebin Zhang, Tao Pan, Duote Cai, Qixing Xiong, Qiang Shu, Yunzhong Qian
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is one of the most common congenital malformations of gastrointestinal tract in children. However, the nonspecific clinical manifestations of MD often cause a diagnostic as well as therapeutic challenge to pediatric surgeon. This study aimed to review our experience in managing this disease while evaluating the management strategies. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of all patients diagnosed with MD admitted to our center between January 2010 and December 2015...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282104/association-between-continuous-hyperosmolar-therapy-and-survival-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study-and-systematic-review
#12
Karim Asehnoune, Sigismond Lasocki, Philippe Seguin, Thomas Geeraerts, Pierre François Perrigault, Claire Dahyot-Fizelier, Catherine Paugam Burtz, Fabrice Cook, Dominique Demeure Dit Latte, Raphael Cinotti, Pierre Joachim Mahe, Camille Fortuit, Romain Pirracchio, Fanny Feuillet, Véronique Sébille, Antoine Roquilly
BACKGROUND: Intracranial hypertension (ICH) is a major cause of death after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Continuous hyperosmolar therapy (CHT) has been proposed for the treatment of ICH, but its effectiveness is controversial. We compared the mortality and outcomes in patients with TBI with ICH treated or not with CHT. METHODS: We included patients with TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale ≤ 12 and trauma-associated lesion on brain computed tomography (CT) scan) from the databases of the prospective multicentre trials Corti-TC, BI-VILI and ATLANREA...
December 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240997/in-situ-quantification-of-re-co-3-by-fluorescence-spectroscopy-in-simulated-hanford-tank-waste
#13
Shirmir D Branch, Amanda D French, Amanda M Lines, Brian M Rapko, William R Heineman, Samuel A Bryan
A protocol is presented that allows for the quantitative conversion and subsequent in situ spectroscopic analysis of [Re(CO)3]+ species in simulated Hanford tank waste. In this test case, the non-radioactive metal rhenium, is substituted for technetium (Tc-99), a weak beta emitter, to demonstrate proof of concept for a method to measure a non-pertechnetate form of technetium in Hanford tank waste. The protocol encompasses adding a simulated waste sample containing the non-emissive [Re(CO)3]+ species to a developer solution that enables the rapid, quantitative conversion of the non-emissive species to a luminescent species which can then be detected spectroscopically...
December 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237954/assessment-of-the-scatter-correction-procedures-in-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-imaging-using-simulation-and-clinical-study
#14
Mehravar Rafati, Hemmatollah Rouhani, Ahmad Bitarafan-Rajabi, Mahsa Noori-Asl, Bagher Farhood, Hadi Taleshi Ahangari
BACKGROUND: Compton-scattered photons transfer incorrect spatial information. These photons are detected in used photo-peak energy window. In this study, three scatter correction procedures including dual-energy window (DEW), three energy window (TEW), and new approach were evaluated, and then the best procedure based on simulation and clinical conditions introduced. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, simulation projections and three-dimensional nonuniform rational B-spline-based Cardiac-Torso phantoms were produced by GEANT4 application for emission tomography simulation code...
October 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228629/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-is-more-prevalent-among-patients-with-thyroid-carcinoma-and-influences-overall-survival-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#15
Tao Jiang, Guoliang Qiao, Xiao Zheng, Zhen Wen, Dongxue Zhang
The relationship between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus(T2DM) and cancer risk has been investigated for more than a decade. Many types of cancer were confirmed to be related with T2DM. The aim of this study is to identify the relationship between T2DM and the prevalence and long-term survivals of Thyroid Carcinoma(TC) using propensity score matching. In present study, 1658 thyroid nodule patients who were diagnosis in Beijing Shijitan hospital were divided into two groups: the TC group (N = 455, 27.4%), and the benign thyroid nodule(BTN) group (N = 1203, 73...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216739/lymphatic-drainage-efficiency-a-new-parameter-of-lymphatic-function
#16
Georgia Keramida, Emma Wroe, Nicola Winterman, Mark Aplin, A Michael Peters
Background Following convection from blood capillaries, plasma proteins are transported to loco-regional lymph nodes in two stages: first, uptake into peripheral lymphatics, and second, transport to nodes. Purpose To introduce a new parameter of lymphatic function that quantifies stage 2 - lymphatic drainage efficiency (LDE). Material and Methods Percentage injected activity (IIQ) in ilio-inguinal nodes 150 min following subcutaneous foot web-space injection of Tc-99 m-nanocolloid was measured in 102 patients undergoing lymphoscintigraphy using a method in which a standard is placed by image guidance over the nodes...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197799/evolution-of-microbial-communities-during-electrokinetic-treatment-of-antibiotic-polluted-soil
#17
Hongna Li, Binxu Li, Zhiguo Zhang, Changxiong Zhu, Yunlong Tian, Jing Ye
The evolution of microbial communities during the electrokinetic treatment of antibiotic-polluted soil (EKA) was investigated with chlortetracycline (CTC), oxytetracycline (OTC) and tetracycline (TC) as template antibiotics. The total population of soil microorganisms was less affected during the electrokinetic process, while living anti-CTC, anti-OTC, anti-TC and anti-MIX bacteria were inactivated by 10.48%, 31.37%, 34.76%, and 22.08%, respectively, during the 7-day treatment compared with antibiotic-polluted soil without an electric field (NOE)...
November 30, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180546/impact-of-a-novel-wellness-group-visit-model-on-obesity-and-behavior-change
#18
Karen Axten, Kerri Hawkins, David J Tybor, Josh Bernoff, Wayne Altman
BACKGROUND: Increasing weight-related illness in the United States has led to 120,000 preventable deaths annually and soaring medical costs. Treating patients in a group setting may be more effective than traditional care (TC) in achieving behavioral change. We studied a wellness-group (WG) model to determine whether it could generate sustained behavioral change and weight loss in a subset of patients. METHODS: 99 patients with a body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m2 from 1 family practice volunteered to participate in a 15-visit WG co-led by a family physician and dietitian...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164482/molecular-imaging-in-musculoskeletal-infections-with-99mtc-ubi-29-41-spect-ct
#19
Mike Sathekge, Osvaldo Garcia-Perez, Diana Paez, Noura El-Haj, Taylor Kain-Godoy, Ismaheel Lawal, Enrique Estrada-Lobato
OBJECTIVE: To determine the added value of CT over planar and SPECT-only imaging in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal infection using 99mTc-UBI 29-4. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 184 patients with suspected musculoskeletal infection who underwent planar and SPECT/CT imaging with 99mTc-UBI 29-41 were included. Planar, SPECT-only and SPECT/CT images were reviewed by two independent analysts for presence of bone or soft tissue infection. Final diagnosis was confirmed with tissue cultures, surgery/histology or clinical follow-up...
January 2018: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158179/prognostic-factors-affecting-outcomes-in-patients-with-malignant-gi-bleeding-treated-with-a-novel-endoscopically-delivered-hemostatic-powder
#20
Rapat Pittayanon, Rungsun Rerknimitr, Alan Barkun
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endoscopic hemostatic techniques remain poorly effective for GI tumor bleeding. We assessed Tc-325 (Hemospray) for this indication and determined possible predictors of decreased recurrent bleeding and improved 6-month survival in affected patients. METHODS: This retrospective study identified 99 patients with active malignant GI bleeding (primary or metastatic) treated with Tc-325. Eleven patients were excluded because of incomplete data. Data on patient characteristics and possible predictive factors of early (72-hour) and delayed (7, 14 and 30-day) recurrent bleeding, as well as six-month survival, were collected...
November 17, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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