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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349231/improving-population-health-by-reducing-poverty-new-york-s-earned-income-tax-credit
#1
Jeannette Wicks-Lim, Peter S Arno
Despite the established relationship between adverse health outcomes and low socioeconomic status, researchers rarely test the link between health improvements and poverty-alleviating economic policies. New research, however, links individual-level health improvements to the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a broad-based income support policy. We build on these findings by examining whether the EITC has ecological, neighborhood-level health effects. We use a difference-in-difference analysis to measure child health outcomes in 90 low- and middle- income neighborhoods before and after the expansion of New York State and New York City's EITC policy between 1997-2010...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278810/asthma-prevalence-and-school-related-hazardous-air-pollutants-in-the-us-m%C3%A3-xico-border-area
#2
Genny Carrillo, Maria J Perez Patron, Natalie Johnson, Yan Zhong, Rose Lucio, Xiaohui Xu
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children and has been linked to high levels of ambient air pollution and certain hazardous air pollutants (HAPs). Outdoor pollutants such as benzene, released by car emissions, and organic chemicals found in diesel exhaust, as well as particles and irritant gases, including nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3), contribute to an increased prevalence of respiratory diseases such as asthma. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: 1) conduct a screening survey to identify high risk for asthma among school-age children in Hidalgo County, and, 2) study the potential health impact of school-related exposure to HAPs pertaining to asthma risk...
December 23, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261336/health-care-access-concentrated-poverty-and-pediatric-asthma-hospital-care-use-in-california-s-san-joaquin-valley-a-multilevel-approach
#3
Emanuel Alcala, Ricardo Cisneros, John A Capitman
BACKGROUND: California's San Joaquin Valley is a region with a history of poverty, low health care access, and high rates of pediatric asthma. It is important to understand the potential barriers to care that challenge vulnerable populations. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe pediatric asthma-related utilization patterns in the emergency department (ED) and hospital by insurance coverage as well as to identify contributing individual-level indicators (age, sex, race/ethnicity, and insurance coverage) and neighborhood-level indicators of health care access...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164080/the-incidence-and-short-term-outcomes-of-acute-respiratory-illness-with-cough-in-children-from-a-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-urban-community-in-australia-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Daniel Arnold, Vikas Goyal, Melissa Dunbar, Michael Otim, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
Background: Acute respiratory illnesses with cough (ARIwC) are predominant causes of morbidity in Australian Indigenous children; however, data on disease burden in urban communities are scarce. This study aimed to determine the incidence of ARIwC, the predictors of recurrent (≥4 episodes) ARIwC, and development of chronic cough following an ARIwC in urban, predominantly Indigenous, children aged <5 years from northern Brisbane, Australia. Methods: Prospective cohort study of children aged <5 years registered with a primary healthcare center...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137905/emergency-department-chest-radiography-for-children-with-asthma-exacerbation-is-infrequently-associated-with-change-of-management
#5
Evan H Allie, Henry E Dingle, William N Johnson, Jeffrey R Birnbaum, Melissa A Hilmes, Sudha P Singh, Donald H Arnold
BACKGROUND: Acute asthma exacerbations (AAE) account for many Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) visits. Chest radiography (CXR) is often performed in these patients to identify practice-changing findings such as pneumonia (PNA). Limited knowledge exists to balance the cost and radiation dose of CXR with expected yield of clinically meaningful information. OBJECTIVE: To determine in children with AAE with CXR, whether patient characteristics are associated with radiographic PNA; and significant practice change by initiation of antibiotic...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106306/assessing-the-value-of-the-meaningful-use-clinical-summary-for-patients-and-families-with-pediatric-asthma
#6
Karen Colorafi, Lee Moua, Michele Shaw, David Ricker, Julie Postma
Electronic clinical summaries are innovations supported by the Electronic Health Record Incentive Program, known as "Meaningful Use" (MU). The MU clinical summary documents the shared understanding of the plan of care for patients and assists families in managing asthma-related health care. The purpose of this analysis was to identify the communicative value of the summaries to patients and families. Readability measurements, content analysis, and descriptive statistics were employed in a review of twenty clinical summaries and compared with provider encounter notes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082668/breathomics-from-exhaled-volatile-organic-compounds-in-pediatric-asthma
#7
REVIEW
Anne H Neerincx, Susanne J H Vijverberg, Lieuwe D J Bos, Paul Brinkman, Marc P van der Schee, Rianne de Vries, Peter J Sterk, Anke-Hilse Maitland-van der Zee
Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children, and is characterized by airway inflammation, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and airflow obstruction. Asthma diagnosis, phenotyping, and monitoring are still challenging with currently available methods, such as spirometry, FE NO or sputum analysis. The analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath could be an interesting non-invasive approach, but has not yet reached clinical practice. This review describes the current status of breath analysis in the diagnosis and monitoring of pediatric asthma...
December 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975221/association-of-an-asthma-improvement-collaborative-with-health-care-utilization-in-medicaid-insured-pediatric-patients-in-an-urban-community
#8
Carolyn M Kercsmar, Andrew F Beck, Hadley Sauers-Ford, Jeffrey Simmons, Brandy Wiener, Lisa Crosby, Susan Wade-Murphy, Pamela J Schoettker, Pavan K Chundi, Zeina Samaan, Mona Mansour
Importance: Asthma is the most common chronic condition of childhood. Hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits for asthma are more frequently experienced by minority children and adolescents and those with low socioeconomic status. Objective: To reduce asthma-related hospitalizations and ED visits for Medicaid-insured pediatric patients residing in Hamilton County, Ohio. Design, Setting, and Participants: From January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2015, a multidisciplinary team used quality-improvement methods and the chronic care model to conduct interventions in inpatient, outpatient, and community settings in a large, urban academic pediatric hospital in Hamilton County, Ohio...
September 18, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872981/sex-differences-in-outcomes-after-discharge-from-alberta-emergency-departments-for-asthma-a-large-population-based-study
#9
Rhonda J Rosychuk, Maria Ospina, Jingbin Zhang, Richard Leigh, Andrew Cave, Brian H Rowe
OBJECTIVE: Asthma exacerbations frequently result in emergency department (ED) visits. While sex differences have been identified in some asthma studies, there is a paucity of literature on sex differences in the ED setting, especially population-based ones. This study examines sex differences in important outcomes of patients discharged from EDs for acute asthma in Alberta, Canada. METHODS: Alberta residents aged from 2 to 55 years discharged from EDs with a primary diagnosis of asthma during 1999-2011 were identified from administrative databases from a single-payer health care system for the entire geographic region of Alberta...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837382/national-estimates-of-30-day-readmissions-among-children-hospitalized-for-asthma-in-the-united-states
#10
Sreenivas P Veeranki, Michael U Ohabughiro, Jacob Moran, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Bill T Ameredes, Yong-Fang Kuo, William J Calhoun
OBJECTIVE: Previous single-center studies have reported that up to 40% of children hospitalized for asthma will be readmitted. The study objectives are to investigate the prevalence and timing of 30-day readmissions in children hospitalized with asthma, and to identify factors associated with 30-day readmissions. METHODS: Data (n = 12,842) for children aged 6-18 years hospitalized for asthma were obtained from the 2013 Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD). The primary study outcome was time to readmission within 30 days after discharge attributable to any cause...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780328/impaired-patient-reported-outcomes-predict-poor-school-functioning-and-daytime-sleepiness-the-promis-pediatric-asthma-study
#11
Conor M Jones, Darren A DeWalt, I-Chan Huang
OBJECTIVE: Poor asthma control in children is related to impaired patient-reported outcomes (PROs; eg, fatigue, depressive symptoms, anxiety), but less well studied is the effect of PROs on children's school performance and sleep outcomes. In this study we investigated whether the consistency status of PROs over time affected school functioning and daytime sleepiness in children with asthma. METHODS: Of the 238 children with asthma enrolled in the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Asthma Study, 169 children who provided survey data for all 4 time points were used in the analysis...
November 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759271/medication-use-sleep-and-caregiver-smoking-status-among-urban-children-with-asthma
#12
Samantha A Miadich, Robin S Everhart, Kristin E Heron, Caroline O Cobb
OBJECTIVE: Children living in urban settings from low-income, minority families are at a high risk for experiencing asthma morbidity. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS, i.e., secondhand) exposure, typically from caregiver smoking, has been associated with increased quick-relief medication use and child nocturnal awakenings due to increased asthma symptoms as well as worse sleep quality in children with asthma. This study investigated the moderating role of caregiver smoking status on the association between quick-relief medication use and child's sleep quality in urban children with persistent asthma...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719626/impact-of-respiratory-infections-outdoor-pollen-and-socioeconomic-status-on-associations-between-air-pollutants-and-pediatric-asthma-hospital-admissions
#13
Julie E Goodman, Christine T Loftus, Xiaobin Liu, Ke Zu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology studies have shown that ambient concentrations of ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) are associated with increased emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions (HAs) for asthma. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of outdoor pollen, respiratory infections, and socioeconomic status (SES) on the associations between ambient ozone and PM2.5 and asthma HAs in New York City. METHODS: Daily ozone, PM2.5, meteorological factors, pollen, and hospitalization records during 1999 to 2009 were obtained for New York City residents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641549/relevance-of-cat-and-dog-sensitization-by-skin-prick-testing-in-childhood-eczema-and-asthma
#14
Kam Lun E Lun Hon, Kathy Yin Ching Tsang, Ting Fan Leung
BACKGROUND: Household animal dander has been implicated as aeroallergen in childhood atopic diseases. Many parents seek healthcare advice if household pet keeping may be detrimental in atopic eczema (AE) and atopies. AIM: We investigated if skin sensitization by cat/dog dander was associated with disease severity and quality of life in children with AE. METHODS: Demographics, skin prick test (SPT) results, disease severity (Nottingham eczema severity score NESS), Children Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), blood IgE and eosinophil counts of a cohort of AE patients were reviewed...
June 14, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617244/continuity-of-care-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-health-outcomes
#15
Elizabeth Enlow, Molly Passarella, Scott A Lorch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Continuity of care is a key aspect of the patient-centered medical home and improves pediatric outcomes. Health care reform requires high-quality data to demonstrate its continued value. We hypothesized that increased provider continuity in infancy will reduce urgent health care use and increase receipt of preventive services in early childhood. METHODS: Continuity, using the Usual Provider of Care measure, was calculated across all primary care encounters during the first year of life in a prospectively-constructed cohort of 17 773 infants receiving primary care from birth through 3 years at 30 clinics...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599691/vitamin-d-status-lung-function-and-atopy-in-children-with-asthma
#16
Sebnem Ozdogan, Gizem Sari, Ibrahim Hakki Aktan, Belma Aydin, Canan Irmak, Sabanur Cavdar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 levels and pulmonary function test outcomes and atopy in children with asthma. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinic and pediatric outpatient clinic, from December 2012 to March 2013. METHODOLOGY: Atotal of 71 asthmatic children and 77 healthy controls aged 7-17 years were recruited...
May 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595764/food-allergy-and-anxiety-and-depression-among-ethnic-minority-children-and-their-caregivers
#17
Renee D Goodwin, Sandra Rodgin, Rachel Goldman, Juliana Rodriguez, Gabriele deVos, Denise Serebrisky, Jonathan M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between food allergy and symptoms of anxiety and depression among ethnic minority, low socioeconomic status (SES) children and their caregivers. STUDY DESIGN: Pediatric patients ages 4-12 years with and without food allergy and their caregivers were recruited from urban pediatric outpatient clinics. Statistical analyses were used to examine the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression among patients and their caregivers with and without food allergy, adjusting for asthma...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538609/critical-care-interventions-for-asthmatic-patients-admitted-from-the-emergency-department-to-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#18
Kristen Michelle Cundiff, James M Gerard, Robert G Flood
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and predictors of critical interventions in asthmatic patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at a tertiary-care pediatric hospital. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients admitted from our emergency department (ED) to the PICU for treatment of status asthmaticus between January 1, 2008, and March 31, 2013. Patients with concomitant medical conditions and those who received a critical intervention, other than continuously aerosolized albuterol, in the ED before admission were excluded...
May 23, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497673/body-mass-index-and-skin-reactivity-to-histamine-and-dermatophagoides-pteronyssinus-in-children-and-adolescents-followed-in-a-pediatric-allergy-service
#19
A Keller Franco, R Oselka Sarni, M Carvalho Mallozi, D Solé
Rationale. Recent data suggest that the nutritional status assessed by body mass index (BMI) is positively associated with skin reactivity to histamine in children. Objective. To study the relation between BMI and skin reactivity to histamine and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus in allergic children and adolescents. Methods. The medical charts of patients attended in our outpatient clinic between 2013 and 2014 (n = 972) were evaluated. Only patients with asthma, allergic rhinitis or wheezing infants sensitized to at least one aeroallergen were selected: a total of 626 patients (6 months to 19 year-olds; 60...
May 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497209/pharmacists-perspectives-of-the-current-status-of-pediatric-asthma-management-in-the-u-s-community-pharmacy-setting
#20
Amanda Elaro, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Kathleen Kraus, Karen B Farris, Smita Shah, Carol Armour, Minal R Patel
Objective To explore community pharmacists' continuing education, counseling and communication practices, attitudes and barriers in relation to pediatric asthma management. Setting Community pharmacies in Michigan, United States. Methods Between July and September 2015 a convenience sample of community pharmacists was recruited from southeastern Michigan and asked to complete a structured, self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire elucidated information on 4 general domains relating to pharmacists' pediatric asthma management including: (1) guidelines and continuing education (CE); (2) counseling and medicines; (3) communication and self-management practices; (4) attitudes and barriers to practice...
August 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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