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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318051/atopic-dermatitis-in-israeli-adolescents-from-1998-to-2013-trends-in-time-and-association-with-migraine
#1
Rony Shreberk-Hassidim, Ayal Hassidim, Yoav Gronovich, Adam Dalal, Vered Molho-Pessach, Abraham Zlotogorski
BACKGROUND: Recent data have shown an increasing occurrence of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children and adolescents, as well as in adults. Most of the epidemiologic research on AD is limited to pediatric and youth populations and is based on self-reported questionnaires. METHODS: A nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional retrospective study of adolescents with AD was performed to estimate its prevalence, trends, and association with demographic factors and comorbidities...
March 20, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283418/urban-residence-neighborhood-poverty-race-ethnicity-and-asthma-morbidity-among-children-in-medicaid
#2
Corinne A Keet, Elizabeth Matsui, Meredith C McCormack, Roger Peng
BACKGROUND: Although poor-urban (inner-city) areas are thought to have high asthma prevalence and morbidity, we recently found that inner-cities do not have higher prevalent pediatric asthma. Whether asthma morbidity is higher in inner-city areas across the U.S. not known. OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between residence in poor and urban areas, race/ethnicity, and asthma morbidity among children with asthma enrolled in Medicaid. METHODS: Children aged 5-19 enrolled in Medicaid in 2009-2010 were included...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282228/evaluation-of-exhaled-breath-temperature-ebt-as-a-marker-and-predictor-of-asthma-exacerbation-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Irena Wojsyk-Banaszak, Marcin Mikoś, Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz, Alicja Wielebska, Paulina Sobkowiak, Aleksandra Kamińska, Anna Bręborowicz
INTRODUCTION: Noninvasive and easy-to-use tools to monitor airway inflammation in asthma are needed to maintain disease control, particularly in pediatric population. The aim of the study was to evaluate exhaled breath temperature (EBT) in pediatric respiratory clinic setting. METHODS: We evaluated 37 children and adolescents with asthma (5-17 years; median: 11 years). The patients were followed up in stable condition and during exacerbations (paired observations in n = 19 subjects)...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279683/long-term-pulmonary-complications-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-youth
#4
William T Shearer, Denise L Jacobson, Wendy Yu, George K Siberry, Murli Purswani, Suzanne Siminski, Laurie Butler, Erin Leister, Gwendolyn Scott, Russell B Van Dyke, Ram Yogev, Mary E Paul, Ana Puga, Andrew A Colin, Meyer Kattan
BACKGROUND: Increased incidence and prevalence of asthma have been documented for perinatally HIV-infected (HIV) youth 10-21 years of age (youth) compared to HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) youth. OBJECTIVE: To perform objective pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in HIV and HEU youth with and without diagnosed asthma. METHOD: Asthma was determined in 370 participants (218 HIV, 152 HEU) by chart review and self-report at 13 sites. Interpretable PFTs (188 HIV, 132 HEU) were classified as obstructive, restrictive, or normal and reversibility was determined after bronchodilator inhalation...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224093/pediatric-asthma-severity-score-is-associated-with-critical-care-interventions
#5
Danielle K Maue, Nadia Krupp, Courtney M Rowan
AIM: To determine if a standardized asthma severity scoring system (PASS) was associated with the time spent on continuous albuterol and length of stay in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective chart review study at a major children's hospital in an urban location. To qualify for this study, participants must have been admitted to the PICU with a diagnosis of status asthmaticus. There were a total of 188 participants between the ages of two and nineteen, excluding patients receiving antibiotics for pneumonia...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135044/a-comparison-of-hospitalized-children-with-enterovirus-d68-to-those-with-rhinovirus
#6
Charles B Foster, Ritika Coelho, Paul M Brown, Aman Wadhwa, Amena Dossul, Blanca E Gonzalez, Silvia Cardenas, Camille Sabella, Debbie Kohn, Sherilynn Vogel, Belinda Yen-Lieberman, Giovanni Piedimonte
BACKGROUND: During the Fall of 2014, numerous children were hospitalized with asthma or respiratory distress related to Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68). A large proportion initially tested positive for rhinovirus. During this period our laboratory noted a cross-reactivity between EV-D68 and the rhinovirus component of the GenMark multiplex respiratory viral panel. Many other laboratories used assays not designed to distinguish these Picornoviridae. METHODS: To compare the presentation and outcomes of patients with rhinovirus and EV-D68, 103 GenMark rhinovirus positive nasopharyngeal swabs from hospitalized children were retested for EV-D68...
January 30, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108245/japanese-guidelines-for-childhood-asthma-2017
#7
REVIEW
Hirokazu Arakawa, Yuhei Hamasaki, Yoichi Kohno, Motohiro Ebisawa, Naomi Kondo, Sankei Nishima, Toshiyuki Nishimuta, Akihiro Morikawa
The Japanese Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Allergic Diseases 2017 (JAGL 2017) includes a minor revision of the Japanese Pediatric Guideline for the Treatment and Management of Asthma 2012 (JPGL 2012) by the Japanese Society of Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology. The section on child asthma in JAGL 2017 provides information on how to diagnose asthma between infancy and adolescence (0-15 years of age). It makes recommendations for best practices in the management of childhood asthma, including management of acute exacerbations and non-pharmacological and pharmacological management...
January 18, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058103/zinc-supplementation-in-children-with-asthma-exacerbation
#8
Sanguansak Rerksuppaphol, Lakkana Rerksuppaphol
Zinc deficiency has demonstrated an association with the risk of asthma. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of zinc supplementation in reducing the severity of childhood asthma exacerbation. A number of 42 children with asthma exacerbation admitted to the hospital were randomized to receive either zinc bis-glycinate (30 mg elemental zinc/day) or a placebo in adjuvant to the standard treatment. The pediatric respiratory assessment measure (PRAM) was used to measure the asthma severity. The primary outcome was a change in asthma severity from the baseline to the end of study...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052803/childhood-obesity-in-pediatric-patients-with-difficult-to-control-asthma-in-a-tertiary-pediatric-subspecialty-clinic
#9
Yasmin Hamzavi Abedi, Amy M Perkins, Maripaz B Morales
BACKGROUND: Identifying clinical features associated with difficult-to-control asthma will help address overall control and more-effective asthma management. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our clinical observation that the proportion of patients who are overweight or obese is significantly higher in patients with difficult-to-control asthma than in patients with well-controlled asthma. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of 400 patients, ages 5 to 18 years...
January 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929695/secondhand-smoke-exposure-illness-severity-and-resource-utilization-in-pediatric-emergency-department-patients-with-respiratory-illnesses
#10
Ashley L Merianos, Cinnamon A Dixon, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
OBJECTIVE: Hospital-based data reveal that children who have secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) experience severe respiratory illnesses and greater resource utilization. Our objective was to assess the relationship between SHSe and illness severity/resource utilization among children presenting to the pediatric emergency department (PED) with three common respiratory conditions - asthma, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective review of a yearlong consecutive sample of PED patients with SHSe status documentation and asthma, bronchiolitis, or pneumonia diagnoses was performed...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923649/food-allergy-trends-and-epinephrine-autoinjector-presence-in-summer-camps
#11
Natalie R Schellpfeffer, Harvey L Leo, Michael Ambrose, Andrew N Hashikawa
BACKGROUND: Pediatric campers with food allergies are at greater risk for exposure and anaphylaxis. A diagnosis of asthma increases risk for anaphylaxis. Epidemiological investigations of food-allergic children at high risk for allergic reactions requiring intervention in camp settings are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of food allergies among otherwise healthy campers in summer camps throughout the United States and Canada, and to assess asthma comorbidity and determine rates of epinephrine autoinjector prescriptions present in this population...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901627/effects-of-pediatric-asthma-care-coordination-in-underserved-communities-on-parent-perceptions-of-care-and-asthma-management-confidence
#12
Mary R Janevic, Alan P Baptist, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Marielena Lara, Victoria Persky, Gilberto Ramos-Valencia, Kimberly Uyeda, Rebecca Hazan, Ashley Garrity, Floyd J Malveaux
OBJECTIVE: Disparities by race and socioeconomic status persist in pediatric asthma morbidity, mortality, and treatment. Improving parent/provider communication and parents' asthma-management confidence may result in better asthma control in vulnerable populations. The Merck Childhood Asthma Network, Inc. funded an initiative to implement medical-social care coordination to improve asthma outcomes at sites in four low-income, urban communities (Los Angeles, CA; Philadelphia, PA; Chicago, IL; and San Juan, PR...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867307/adequate-vitamin-d-intake-but-low-serum-levels-in-pediatric-asthma-patients-a-pilot-study-alberta-children-s-hospital
#13
Sarah Howe McKenna, Tanis R Fenton, Mary Noseworthy, Mark Anselmo
Background. We assessed vitamin D intakes and serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels in pediatric asthma patients on moderate-to-high dose inhaled steroids and compared them to published findings of healthy children in our city. Methods. Parents and/or patients were interviewed to estimate the children's vitamin D intakes from foods and supplements (using an adapted validated food frequency questionnaire) and asthma duration and management. Vitamin D status: serum 25-hyroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) was obtained from the medical records...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785078/anti-inflammatory-dosing-of-theophylline-in-the-treatment-of-status-asthmaticus-in-children
#14
Nemr S Eid, Adrian O'Hagan, Scott Bickel, Ronald Morton, Sarah Jacobson, John A Myers
BACKGROUND: Low-dose theophylline has been recognized for its ability to restore histone deacetylase-2 activity which leads to improved steroid responsiveness and thus improved clinical outcome. We retrospectively evaluated the effect of low-dose theophylline therapy in pediatric patients hospitalized for an acute asthma exacerbation as a proof of concept study. METHODS: We compared patients who received low-dose theophylline (5-7 mg/kg/day) in addition to current standard of care to patients who were treated with current standard of care alone...
2016: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739908/asthma-allergy-and-obesity-examining-the-relationship-among-nevada-children
#15
Jennifer A Lucas, Sheniz Moonie, Kimberly Olsen-Wilson, Mary Beth Hogan
OBJECTIVE: The majority of pediatric asthma is atopic, but whether pediatric obese asthma is atopic is indeterminate in the literature. In Nevada, children become sensitized to aeroallergens, a risk factor for asthma, at young ages. Additionally, Nevada children have high rates of obesity. Our objective is to determine whether elevated body mass index (BMI) is associated with asthma severity, allergen sensitization, and polysensitization. METHODS: Medical records from a pediatric allergy clinic provided BMI percentile, physician-diagnosed asthma severity, skin prick test data, and sociodemographics such as age, race, sex, and insurance status from asthmatic patients...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695350/study-of-the-correlations-between-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-in-exhaled-breath-and-atopic-status-blood-eosinophils-fcer2-mutation-and-asthma-control-in-vietnamese-children
#16
Hanh Nguyen-Thi-Bich, Huong Duong-Thi-Ly, Vu Thi Thom, Nhung Pham-Thi-Hong, Long Doan Dinh, Huong Le-Thi-Minh, Timothy John Craig, Sy Duong-Quy
INTRODUCTION: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is a biomarker of airway inflammation in asthma. The measurement of FENO is utilized to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of children with asthma, especially for those treated with inhaled corticosteroids. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the correlations between FENO and atopic status, blood eosinophil levels, FCER2 mutation, and asthma control in Vietnamese children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective and descriptive study approved by the local Ethical Board...
2016: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664979/determinants-of-longitudinal-health-related-quality-of-life-change-in-children-with-asthma-from-low-income-families-a-report-from-the-promis-%C3%A2-pediatric-asthma-study
#17
Z Li, W L Leite, L A Thompson, H E Gross, E A Shenkman, B B Reeve, D A DeWalt, I-C Huang
BACKGROUND: How the longitudinal asthma control status and other socio-demographic factors influence the changes of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among asthmatic children, especially from low-income families, has not been fully investigated. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the trajectories of asthma-specific HRQOL over 15 months and examine the effect of asthma control status on HRQOL by taking socio-demographic factors into consideration. METHODS: A total of 229 dyads of asthmatic children and their parents enroled in public insurance programs were recruited for assessing asthma control status and HRQOL over four time points of assessment...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633404/gene-environment-interaction-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-asthma
#18
Owen Thompson
Researchers have found strong linkages between parent and child health, but the mechanisms underlying intergenerational health transmission are not well understood. This paper investigates how the importance of genetic health transmission mechanisms varies by environmental conditions in the case of pediatric asthma, the single most common chronic health condition among American children. Using a sample that includes approximately 2000 adoptees and a large number of similar biological families, I find that the relative importance of genetic transmission differs strongly by socioeconomic status (SES)...
September 15, 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611488/identification-of-four-novel-loci-in-asthma-in-european-american-and-african-american-populations
#19
Berta Almoguera, Lyam Vazquez, Frank Mentch, John Connolly, Jennifer A Pacheco, Agnes S Sundaresan, Peggy L Peissig, James G Linneman, Catherine A McCarty, David Crosslin, David S Carrell, Todd Lingren, Bahram Namjou-Khales, John B Harley, Eric Larson, Gail P Jarvik, Murray Brilliant, Marc S Williams, Iftikhar J Kullo, Erik B Hysinger, Patrick M A Sleiman, Hakon Hakonarson
RATIONALE: Despite significant advances in knowledge of the genetic architecture of asthma, specific contributors to the variability in the burden between populations remain uncovered. OBJECTIVES: To identify additional genetic susceptibility factors of asthma in European American and African American populations. METHODS: A phenotyping algorithm mining electronic medical records was developed and validated to recruit cases with asthma and control subjects from the Electronic Medical Records and Genomics network...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554823/mendelian-randomization-analysis-demonstrates-that-low-vitamin-d-is-unlikely-causative-for-pediatric-asthma
#20
Erik B Hysinger, Jeffrey D Roizen, Frank D Mentch, Lyam Vazquez, John J Connolly, Jonathan P Bradfield, Berta Almoguera, Patrick M Sleiman, Julian L Allen, Michael A Levine, Hakon Hakonarson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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