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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735865/the-prevalence-of-allergic-diseases-among-children-with-asthma-what-is-the-impact-on-asthma-control-in-south-east-nigeria
#1
A C Ayuk, J N Eze, B O Edelu, T Oguonu
Background: Allergic diseases are known to occur in children with asthma and its coexistence with asthma may impact on asthma control in affected children living in a low-income country. The study is to determine the allergic profile of children with asthma and the association with asthma control and attendant social risk factors. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of consecutively enrolled children with physician diagnosed asthma, attending clinics in a tertiary center in Nigeria...
May 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712498/responsiveness-of-children-s-global-health-to-improvements-in-acute-asthma
#2
Christopher B Forrest, Joseph J Zorc, JeanHee Moon, Ramya Pratiwadi, Brandon D Becker, Mitchell G Maltenfort, James P Guevara
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the PROMIS Pediatric Global Health scale, a 7-item measure of perceived physical, mental, and social health, in children with asthma. METHODS: From February 2014 to February 2015, convenience samples of children 8-17 years-old (n = 182) and parents of children 5-17 years-old (n = 328) visiting an emergency department for treatment of asthma were enrolled. The Asthma Control Test was used to characterize children as controlled versus not controlled, and the PROMIS Asthma Impact Scale was used to assess the effects of asthma symptoms on functional status...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667338/variation-in-the-tek-gene-is-not-associated-with-asthma-but-with-allergic-conjunctivitis
#3
L E Fodor, A Gézsi, Z Gál, A Nagy, A Kiss, A Bikov, C Szalai
The Tie2 receptor is an important player in angiogenesis. The Tie2 mRNA and protein are abundantly expressed in the lungs and the associated pathway also has an important role in the development and function of the eye. Tie2 is encoded by the TEK gene in humans. Recently, variations in the TEK gene have been found associated with asthma. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether variations in the TEK gene influenced the susceptibility to pediatric asthma and/or associated phenotypes like GINA status, viral- or exercise-induced asthma, allergic asthma, indoor, outdoor, inhalative allergies, IgE and eosonophil levels, allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557606/emotional-distress-in-family-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-bronchial-asthma-analysis-of-its-predictors
#4
Selene Valero-Moreno, Marián Pérez-Marín, Inmaculada Montoya-Castilla, Silvia Castillo-Corullón, Alvar Ramírez-Aguilar, Amparo Escribano-Montaner
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with asthma face problems inherent to this stage in their development, to which the challenges of taking over control of their disease, complying with a daily treatment and regular medical followup are added. Any rejection generated by this may lead to treatment non-adherence and poor asthma control, which brings about problems in family dynamics, made worse by the stress or the emotional distress that this situation causes in caregivers. OBJECTIVE: Identify adjustment profiles and predictors of risk for the well-being of caregivers of pediatric patients with bronchial asthma...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549567/frequency-of-food-insecurity-and-associated-health-outcomes-in-pediatric-patients-at-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#5
Kandy Bahadur, Shilpa Pai, Estherline Thoby, Anna Petrova
Food insecurity (FI) has been recognized as a public challenge not only for developing countries but also for the U.S. POPULATION: The present study was designed to identify the prevalence of FI and the association of household FI with the health status of pediatric patients seen at a Federally Qualified Health Center in New Jersey which provides health care mainly for Latino patients. Patients were included if they were screened for FI at their well visits during a 4-month period following implementation of the 2-item screening tool recommended by American Academy of Pediatrics...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538661/parental-depression-is-prospectively-associated-with-lower-smoking-cessation-rates-and-poor-child-asthma-outcomes
#6
Romano Endrighi, Elizabeth L McQuaid, Yvonne Kiera Bartlett, Ashley H Clawson, Belinda Borrelli
Background: Depressive symptoms are elevated in parents of asthmatic children compared with parents of healthy children. The role of depression in smoking cessation and pediatric asthma outcomes in this population is unclear. Purpose: To prospectively examine the effect of parent depression on smoking cessation and child asthma outcomes. Methods: Secondary analysis from a cessation induction trial involving Motivational Interviewing (MI) and biomarker feedback on secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe)...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535288/-structural-equation-model-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-school-age-children-with-asthma
#7
Yunsoo Kim, Ho Ran Park
PURPOSE: This study aimed to construct and test a hypothetical model of the quality of life of school-age children with asthma based on the health-related quality of life model by Wilson and Cleary. METHODS: Data were collected from 205 pairs of pediatric outpatients diagnosed with asthma and their parents in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do from July 2016 to April 2017. The exogenous variables were asthma knowledge, number of accompanying allergic diseases, and social support...
February 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528197/divergent-transcriptional-profiles-in-pediatric-asthma-patients-of-low-and-high-socioeconomic-status
#8
Gregory E Miller, Edith Chen, Madeleine U Shalowitz, Rachel E Story, Adam K K Leigh, Paula Ham, Jesusa M G Arevalo, Steve W Cole
AIM: There are marked socioeconomic disparities in pediatric asthma control, but the molecular origins of these disparities are not well understood. To fill this gap, we performed genome-wide expression profiling of monocytes and T-helper cells from pediatric asthma patients of lower and higher socioeconomic status (SES). METHOD: Ninety-nine children with asthma participated in a cross-sectional assessment. Out of which 87% were atopic, and most had disease of mild (54%) or moderate (29%) severity...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493555/assessing-the-impact-of-air-pollution-on-childhood-asthma-morbidity-how-when-and-what-to-do
#9
Allison J Burbank, David B Peden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Exposure to air pollutants is linked with poor asthma control in children and represents a potentially modifiable risk factor for impaired lung function, rescue medication use, and increased asthma-related healthcare utilization. Identification of the most relevant pollutants to asthma as well as susceptibility factors and strategies to reduce exposure are needed to improve child health. RECENT FINDINGS: The current available literature supports the association between pollutants and negative asthma outcomes...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461017/medication-adherence-in-pediatric-asthma-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Wendy N Gray, Mallory Netz, Andrew McConville, David Fedele, Scott T Wagoner, Megan R Schaefer
OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic review of correlates of adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in pediatric asthma across the individual, family, community, and healthcare system domains. METHODS: Articles assessing medication adherence in pediatric asthma published from 1997 to 2016 were identified using PsychINFO, Medline, and CINAHL. Search terms included asthma, compliance, self-management, adherence, child, and youth. Search results were limited to articles: 1) published in the US; 2) using a pediatric population (0-25 years old); and 3) presenting original data related to ICS adherence...
May 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445636/economic-burden-of-pediatric-asthma-annual-cost-of-disease-in-iran
#11
Laleh Sharifi, Raheleh Dashti, Zahra Pourpak, Mohammad Reza Fazlollahi, Masoud Movahedi, Zahra Chavoshzadeh, Habib Soheili, Saied Bokaie, Anoushiravan Kazemnejad, Mostafa Moin
Background: Asthma is the first cause of children hospitalization and need for emergency and impose high economic burden on the families and governments. We aimed to investigate the economic burden of pediatric asthma and its contribution to family health budget in Iran. Methods: Overall, 283 pediatric asthmatic patients, who referred to two tertiary pediatric referral centers in Tehran capital of Iran, included from 2010-2012. Direct and indirect asthma-related costs were recorded during one-year period...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440128/a-quality-improvement-intervention-to-improve-inpatient-pediatric-asthma-controller-accuracy
#12
Alexander H Hogan, Deepa Rastogi, Michael L Rinke
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate if a rigorous quality improvement (QI) intervention could increase accuracy of pediatric asthma controller medications on discharge from an inpatient hospitalization. METHODS: Our interprofessional QI team developed interventions such as improving documentation and creating standardized language to ensure patients were discharged on an appropriate asthma controller medication and improve assessment of asthma symptom control...
March 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388933/-the-application-of-the-modern-phototherapeutic-technologies-for-the-medical-rehabilitation-of-the-children
#13
M A Khan, А I Chubarova, I V Pogonchenkova, M A Rassulova, E Y Sergeenko, E L Vakhova, N A Lyan, N A Mikitchenko
This literature review is focused on the application of polychromatic and monochromatic polarized light for the treatment of various diseases of the childhood including those in the newborns and the premature babies. The analysis of the data of scientific research gives evidence of the beneficial effect of polychromatic polarized light on the clinical course of various skin diseases in the newborn children. Moreover, the improved immunological and reparative processes were revealed after the surgical interventions for congenital heart defects in the newborns...
December 28, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349231/improving-population-health-by-reducing-poverty-new-york-s-earned-income-tax-credit
#14
Jeannette Wicks-Lim, Peter S Arno
Despite the established relationship between adverse health outcomes and low socioeconomic status, researchers rarely test the link between health improvements and poverty-alleviating economic policies. New research, however, links individual-level health improvements to the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a broad-based income support policy. We build on these findings by examining whether the EITC has ecological, neighborhood-level health effects. We use a difference-in-difference analysis to measure child health outcomes in 90 low- and middle- income neighborhoods before and after the expansion of New York State and New York City's EITC policy between 1997-2010...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278810/asthma-prevalence-and-school-related-hazardous-air-pollutants-in-the-us-m%C3%A3-xico-border-area
#15
Genny Carrillo, Maria J Perez Patron, Natalie Johnson, Yan Zhong, Rose Lucio, Xiaohui Xu
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children and has been linked to high levels of ambient air pollution and certain hazardous air pollutants (HAPs). Outdoor pollutants such as benzene, released by car emissions, and organic chemicals found in diesel exhaust, as well as particles and irritant gases, including nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ), sulfur dioxide (SO2 ), and ozone (O3 ), contribute to an increased prevalence of respiratory diseases such as asthma. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: 1) conduct a screening survey to identify high risk for asthma among school-age children in Hidalgo County, and, 2) study the potential health impact of school-related exposure to HAPs pertaining to asthma risk...
April 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261336/health-care-access-concentrated-poverty-and-pediatric-asthma-hospital-care-use-in-california-s-san-joaquin-valley-a-multilevel-approach
#16
Emanuel Alcala, Ricardo Cisneros, John A Capitman
BACKGROUND: California's San Joaquin Valley is a region with a history of poverty, low health care access, and high rates of pediatric asthma. It is important to understand the potential barriers to care that challenge vulnerable populations. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe pediatric asthma-related utilization patterns in the emergency department (ED) and hospital by insurance coverage as well as to identify contributing individual-level indicators (age, sex, race/ethnicity, and insurance coverage) and neighborhood-level indicators of health care access...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164080/the-incidence-and-short-term-outcomes-of-acute-respiratory-illness-with-cough-in-children-from-a-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-urban-community-in-australia-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Daniel Arnold, Vikas Goyal, Melissa Dunbar, Michael Otim, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
Background: Acute respiratory illnesses with cough (ARIwC) are predominant causes of morbidity in Australian Indigenous children; however, data on disease burden in urban communities are scarce. This study aimed to determine the incidence of ARIwC, the predictors of recurrent (≥4 episodes) ARIwC, and development of chronic cough following an ARIwC in urban, predominantly Indigenous, children aged <5 years from northern Brisbane, Australia. Methods: Prospective cohort study of children aged <5 years registered with a primary healthcare center...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137905/emergency-department-chest-radiography-for-children-with-asthma-exacerbation-is-infrequently-associated-with-change-of-management
#18
Evan H Allie, Henry E Dingle, William N Johnson, Jeffrey R Birnbaum, Melissa A Hilmes, Sudha P Singh, Donald H Arnold
BACKGROUND: Acute asthma exacerbations (AAE) account for many Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) visits. Chest radiography (CXR) is often performed in these patients to identify practice-changing findings such as pneumonia (PNA). Limited knowledge exists to balance the cost and radiation dose of CXR with expected yield of clinically meaningful information. OBJECTIVE: To determine in children with AAE with CXR, whether patient characteristics are associated with radiographic PNA; and significant practice change by initiation of antibiotic...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106306/assessing-the-value-of-the-meaningful-use-clinical-summary-for-patients-and-families-with-pediatric-asthma
#19
Karen Colorafi, Lee Moua, Michele Shaw, David Ricker, Julie Postma
Electronic clinical summaries are innovations supported by the Electronic Health Record Incentive Program, known as "Meaningful Use" (MU). The MU clinical summary documents the shared understanding of the plan of care for patients and assists families in managing asthma-related health care. The purpose of this analysis was to identify the communicative value of the summaries to patients and families. Readability measurements, content analysis, and descriptive statistics were employed in a review of twenty clinical summaries and compared with provider encounter notes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082668/breathomics-from-exhaled-volatile-organic-compounds-in-pediatric-asthma
#20
REVIEW
Anne H Neerincx, Susanne J H Vijverberg, Lieuwe D J Bos, Paul Brinkman, Marc P van der Schee, Rianne de Vries, Peter J Sterk, Anke-Hilse Maitland-van der Zee
Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children, and is characterized by airway inflammation, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and airflow obstruction. Asthma diagnosis, phenotyping, and monitoring are still challenging with currently available methods, such as spirometry, FE NO or sputum analysis. The analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath could be an interesting non-invasive approach, but has not yet reached clinical practice. This review describes the current status of breath analysis in the diagnosis and monitoring of pediatric asthma...
December 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
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