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Curiosity based learning

Hillary D Lum, Rebecca L Sudore, Daniel D Matlock, Elizabeth Juarez-Colunga, Jacqueline Jones, Molly Nowels, Robert S Schwartz, Jean S Kutner, Cari R Levy
INTRODUCTION: Group visits for advance care planning (ACP) may help patients document preferences for decision makers and future care. We assessed the impact of a primary care-based ACP group visit (ACP-GV) intervention on older adults' ACP documentation and why patients participated. METHODS: Older adults (>65 years) in primary care participated in a 2-session ACP-GV intervention that promotes group dynamics, peer-based learning, and goal setting. Charts were reviewed at baseline, 3 months, and 12 months for documentation of decision makers and ACP forms...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Marilyn Schlitz
OBJECTIVES: Understanding and managing the process of aging is a central issue in modern society. This is a critical factor given the demographic shift toward an aging population and the negative stereotypes around aging that can limit people's worldview on aging with gratitude and well-being. METHODS: Building on three decades of qualitative and quantitative studies on positive worldview transformation at the California-based Institute of Noetic Sciences, this article applies an empirically derived naturalistic model of transformation to aging...
2017: Permanente Journal
Ahmed Eid, Doris Quinn
BACKGROUND: Predictors of quality improvement (QI) training transfer are needed. This study aimed to identify these predictors among health professionals who participated in a QI training program held at a large hospital in the United States between 2005 and 2014. It also aimed to determine how these predictive factors facilitated or impeded QI training transfer. METHODS: Following the Success Case Method, we used a screening survey to identify trainees with high and low levels of training transfer...
January 31, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Kathayoon Khalil, Nicole M Ardoin, Deborah Wojcik
The accessibility and ubiquity of zoos and aquariums-which reach over 700 million people worldwide annually-make them critical sites for science and environmental learning. Through educational offerings, these sites can generate excitement and curiosity about nature and motivate stewardship behavior, but only if their programs are high quality and meet the needs of their audiences. Evaluation is, therefore, critical: knowing what works, for whom, and under what conditions must be central to these organizations...
December 5, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
Simon Whitesman, Robert Mash
BACKGROUND: Training people to deliver mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) is becoming an important activity as mindfulness has been shown to have clinical benefits across a variety of conditions. Training courses must not only address the principles, skills and theory of mindfulness, but the trainers themselves must be able to embody the practice. There is limited research on the ability of teachers-in-training to embody the practice as a result of teacher training programmes. This study explored the extent to which a short course enabled future teachers to embody mindfulness practice...
November 9, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Lena Bäck, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Carina Sjöqvist, Annika Karlström
BACKGROUND: Midwives have a significant impact on the clinical outcome and the birthing experience of women. However, there has been a lack of research focusing specifically on clinical midwives' learning and development of professional competence. AIM: The objective of the study was to describe how midwives reflect on learning and the development of professional competence and confidence. METHODS: A qualitative study based on focus groups with midwives employed in maternity services...
February 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Ida Solhaug, Thor E Eriksen, Michael de Vibe, Hanne Haavind, Oddgeir Friborg, Tore Sørlie, Jan H Rosenvinge
Mindfulness has attracted increased interest in the field of health professionals' education due to its proposed double benefit of providing self-help strategies to counter stress and burnout symptoms and cultivating attitudes central to the role of professional helpers. The current study explored the experiential aspects of learning mindfulness. Specifically, we explored how first-year medical and psychology students experienced and conceptualized mindfulness upon completion of a 7-week mindfulness-based stress reduction program...
2016: Mindfulness
Andrew J Bland, Jane Tobbell
BACKGROUND: Simulation has become an established feature of nurse education yet little is understood about the mechanisms that lead to learning. OBJECTIVES: To explore the attributes of simulation-based education that enable student learning in undergraduate nurse education. METHODS AND PARTICIPANTS: Final year students drawn from one UK University (n=46) participated in a grounded theory study. First, nonparticipant observation and video recording of student activity was undertaken...
September 2016: Nurse Education Today
Matthew J Young, Philippine C Geiszler, Marie-Christine Pardon
FKBP52 is a ubiquitously distributed immunophilin that has been associated with wide-ranging functions in cell signalling as well as hormonal and stress responses. Amongst other pathways, it acts via complex-formation with corticosteroid receptors and has consequently been associated with stress- and age- related neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Reduced levels of FKBP52 have been linked to tau dysfunction and amyloid beta toxicity in AD. However, FKBP52's role in cognition and neurodegenerative disorder-like phenotypes remain to be elucidated...
October 15, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Salman Zarka
Modern medicine deals with the combined quality of the profession and the medical service. The first rule of medicine is Primum non nocere" (first, do no harm). However, the essence of this unique profession cannot be confined by this basic message phrased by negation, but should be based on the principle of doing one's best to save the patient's life and to cure him. In this academic and dynamic profession, the physician keeps asking himself frequently whether the provided treatment is the best one possible...
April 2016: Harefuah
Satid Thammasitboon, John B Darby, Amy B Hair, Karen M Rose, Mark A Ward, Teri L Turner, Dorene F Balmer
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires residency programs to provide curricula for residents to engage in scholarly activities but does not specify particular guidelines for instruction. We propose a Resident Scholarship Program that is framed by the self-determination theory (SDT) and emphasize the process of scholarly activity versus a scholarly product. METHODS: The authors report on their longitudinal Resident Scholarship Program, which aimed to support psychological needs central to SDT: autonomy, competence, and relatedness...
2016: Medical Education Online
Masoud Jamei
There is a renewed surge of interest in applications of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models by the pharmaceutical industry and regulatory agencies. Developing PBPK models within a systems pharmacology context allows separation of the parameters pertaining to the animal or human body (the system) from that of the drug and the study design which is essential to develop generic drug-independent models used to extrapolate PK/PD properties in various healthy and patient populations. This has expanded the classical paradigm to a 'predict-learn-confirm-apply' concept...
2016: Current Pharmacology Reports
Caetano da Costa, Eduardo Galembeck
Evolution has been recognized as a key concept for biologists. To enhance comprehension and motivate biology undergraduates for the contents of central energetic metabolism, we addressed the Krebs cycle structure and functions in an evolutionary view. To this end, we created a study guide that contextualizes the emergence of the cyclic pathway, in light of the prokaryotic influence since the early anaerobic condition of the Earth to increase oxygen in the atmosphere. The study guide is composed of three interrelated sections: (1) a problem, designed to arouse curiosity, inform and motivate students, (2) a text about life evolution, including early microorganisms and the emergence of the Krebs cycle, and (3) questions for debate...
May 6, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
Aslak Hjeltnes, Per-Einar Binder, Christian Moltu, Ingrid Dundas
The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate the subjective experiences of 29 university students who participated in an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program for academic evaluation anxiety. Participants who self-referred to the Student Counseling Service underwent individual semi-structured interviews about how they experienced the personal relevance and practical usefulness of taking the MBSR program. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed through a team-based explorative-reflective thematic approach based on a hermeneutic-phenomenological epistemology...
2015: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Raakhi K Tripathi, Pankaj V Sarkate, Sharmila V Jalgaonkar, Nirmala N Rege
BACKGROUND: Current teaching in pharmacology in undergraduate medical curriculum in India is primarily drug centered and stresses imparting factual knowledge rather than on pharmacotherapeutic skills. These skills would be better developed through active learning by the students. Hence modules that will encourage active learning were developed and compared with traditional methods within the Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, 90 second year undergraduate medical students who consented were randomized into six sub-groups, each with 15 students...
January 2015: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Sophapun Ekarattanawong, Amornnat Thuppia, Pholasit Chamod, Pattharawin Pattharanitima, Nuchanart Suealek, Panadda Rojpibulstit
BACKGROUND: The use ofsocial networking to all levels of medical teaching as a communication tool between instructors and students has drawn much interest and increased usage. As Facebook is one of the most popular social networking sites among students, a Facebook page has been used in the Genitourinary System problem-based learning (PBL) course at the Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University in the year 2014. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work is to study the perception ofusing a Facebook page to support PBL in an integrated pre- clinical year course...
March 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Are Holen, Kedar Manandhar, Devendra S Pant, Biraj M Karmacharya, Linda M Olson, Rajendra Koju, Dil I Mansur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore positive and negative preferences towards problem-based learning in relation to personality traits and socio-cultural context. METHODS: The study was an anonymous and voluntary cross-sectional survey of medical students (N=449) in hybrid problem-based curricula in Nepal, Norway and North Dakota. Data was collected on gender, age, year of study, cohabitation and medical school. The PBL Preference Inventory identified students' positive and negative preferences in relation to problem-based learning; the personality traits were detected by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory...
2015: International Journal of Medical Education
Tsui-Mei Hung, Lee-Chun Tang, Chen-Ju Ko
Critical thinking has been regarded as one of the most important elements for nurses to improve quality of patient care. The aim of this study was to use problem-based learning (PBL) as a method in a continuing education program to evaluate nurses' critical thinking skills. A quasiexperimental study design was carried out. The "Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory" in Chinese was used for data collection. The results indicated significant improvement after PBL continuous education, notably in the dimensions of systematic analysis and curiosity...
May 2015: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
Michaela Kolbe, Bastian Grande, Donat R Spahn
In this article, we review the debriefing literature and point to the dilemma that although debriefings especially intend to enhance team (rather than individual) learning, it is particularly this team setting that poses risks for debriefing effectiveness (e.g., preference-consistent information sharing, lack of psychological safety inhibiting structured information sharing, ineffective debriefing models). These risks can be managed with a mindful approach with respect to content (e.g., specific learning objectives), structure (e...
March 2015: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
Beag Ju Na, Keumho Lee, Kunil Kim, Daun Song, Yera Hur
PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop a new course for Konyang University College of Medicine freshmen to motivate them with regard to their vision and medical professionalism and experience various learning methods of medical education. METHODS: The course was developed by 4 faculty members through several intensive meetings throughout the winter of 2010. A 4-credit course was designed for 61 freshmen of Konyang University College of Medicine to provide structured guidance and an introduction to their medical education and increase their motivation with regard to their studies and school life...
June 2012: Korean Journal of Medical Education
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