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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618165/herpes-simplex-virus-2-transmission-following-solid-organ-transplantation-donor-derived-infection-and-transplantation-from-prior-organ-recipients
#1
Nenad Macesic, Ian J Abbott, Matthew Kaye, Julian Druce, Allan R Glanville, Paul J Gow, Peter D Hughes, Tony M Korman, William R Mulley, Phillip J O'Connell, Helen Opdam, Miranda Paraskeva, Matthew C Pitman, Stella Setyapranata, William D Rawlinson, Paul D R Johnson
BACKGROUND: Owing to limited availability of donor organs, previous solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are increasingly considered as potential organ donors. We report donor-derived transmission of herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) to two clusters of SOT recipients with transmission from the original donor and an HSV-2-infected recipient who subsequently became a donor. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of the donors and recipients in both clusters. Pre-transplant serology and virological features of HSV-2 were characterized...
June 15, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579869/management-of-viral-central-nervous-system-infections-a-primer-for-clinicians
#2
REVIEW
P Brandon Bookstaver, Phillip L Mohorn, Ansal Shah, Lauren D Tesh, April M Quidley, Ravish Kothari, Christopher M Bland, Sharon Weissman
Viruses are a common cause of central nervous system (CNS) infections with many host, agent, and environmental factors influencing the expression of viral diseases. Viruses can be responsible for CNS disease through a variety of mechanisms including direct infection and replication within the CNS resulting in encephalitis, infection limited to the meninges, or immune-related processes such as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Common pathogens including herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster, and enterovirus are responsible for the greatest number of cases in immunocompetent hosts...
2017: Journal of Central Nervous System Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513490/coexistence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-infection-in-microsporidial-stromal-keratitis-associated-with-granulomatous-inflammation
#3
Ruchi Mittal, Praveen K Balne, Srikant Sahu, Sujata Das, Savitri Sharma
BACKGROUND: Microsporidial stromal keratitis poses several diagnostic challenges. Patients may present with corneal ulceration, marked stromal thinning, or even as a quite corneal scar. The presentation of microsporidial stromal keratitis commonly mimics viral keratitis. Microbiology scrapings are usually helpful; however, scraping and culture-negative cases pose a significant diagnostic dilemma. Histopathological examination is diagnostic but shows varying degree of inflammation, predominantly composed of polymorphonuclear leukocytes...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317570/oral-viral-infections-diagnosis-and-management
#4
REVIEW
Earl Clarkson, Fatima Mashkoor, Saif Abdulateef
This article focuses on common viral infections in the oral cavity with associated systemic manifestations. Discussed are the clinical features, histopathology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of viral infections in oral cavity. This will be a useful aid for general practitioners and other dental personnel wanting to expand their pathologic knowledge. This article discusses herpes simplex, varicella zoster, mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, enteroviruses, rubeola, rubella, mumps, and human papillomavirus...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267861/periodic-screening-pelvic-examination-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#5
REVIEW
Janelle M Guirguis-Blake, Jillian T Henderson, Leslie A Perdue
Importance: Recent changes in the periodicity of cervical cancer screening have led to questions about the role of screening pelvic examinations among asymptomatic women. Objective: To systematically review literature on health benefits, accuracy, and harms of the screening pelvic examination for gynecologic conditions for the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for relevant English-language studies published through January 13, 2016, with surveillance through August 3, 2016...
March 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163851/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-dystemprament-sue-mizaj-and-treatments-and-management-of-diseases-ilaj-and-eslah-e-mizaj
#6
REVIEW
Sepide Miraj, Samira Alesaeidi, Sara Kiani
BACKGROUND: Temperament refers to four different humors differentiating in individuals and, as a result, proposes specific therapy for diseases as well as special types of management (avoidance). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to overview the relationship between dystemprament and treatment and management of diseases. METHODS: A computerized search of published articles was performed using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Medline databases as well as local sources from 1965 to 2016...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094044/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-retinal-necrosis-a-report-by-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology
#7
Scott D Schoenberger, Stephen J Kim, Jennifer E Thorne, Prithvi Mruthyunjaya, Steven Yeh, Sophie J Bakri, Justis P Ehlers
PURPOSE: To evaluate the available evidence in peer-reviewed publications about the diagnosis and treatment of acute retinal necrosis (ARN). METHODS: Literature searches of the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases were last conducted on July 27, 2016. The searches identified 216 unique citations, and 49 articles of possible clinical relevance were reviewed in full text. Of these 49 articles, 27 were deemed sufficiently relevant or of interest, and they were rated according to strength of evidence...
January 13, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032173/clinical-outcomes-and-complications-associated-with-fractional-lasers-a-review-of-730-patients
#8
Steven R Cohen, Ashley Goodacre, Soobin Lim, Jennifer Johnston, Cory Henssler, Brian Jeffers, Ahmad Saad, Tracy Leong
BACKGROUND: Fractional lasers were introduced to provide increased safety, while maintaining high efficacy and patient satisfaction. Patients with virtually all Fitzpatrick skin types could be safely treated using a wide spectrum of wavelengths and a broad array of skin conditions, and aging could be addressed. Although safety studies have been reported for ablative CO2 and erbium lasers, surprisingly few data are available on adverse events and complications associated with fractional lasers...
February 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017972/herpes-genitalis-diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention
#9
REVIEW
A Sauerbrei
Herpes genitalis is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 or type 2 and can manifest as primary or recurrent infection. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections and due to associated physical and psychological morbidity it constitutes a considerable, often underestimated medical problem. In addition to providing the reader with basic knowledge of the pathogen and clinical presentation of herpes genitalis, this review article discusses important aspects of the laboratory diagnostics, antiviral therapy and prophylaxis...
December 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997660/serologic-screening-for-genital-herpes-an-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#10
REVIEW
Cynthia Feltner, Catherine Grodensky, Charles Ebel, Jennifer C Middleton, Russell P Harris, Mahima Ashok, Daniel E Jonas
Importance: Genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is a prevalent sexually transmitted infection. Vertical transmission of HSV can lead to fetal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To assess the evidence on serologic screening and preventive interventions for genital HSV infection in asymptomatic adults and adolescents to support the US Preventive Services Task Force for an updated recommendation statement. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and trial registries through March 31, 2016...
December 20, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922851/future-prospects-for-new-vaccines-against-sexually-transmitted-infections
#11
Sami L Gottlieb, Christine Johnston
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update on the need, development status, and important next steps for advancing development of vaccines against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including herpes simplex virus (HSV), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea), Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia), and Treponema pallidum (syphilis). RECENT FINDINGS: Global estimates suggest that more than a million STIs are acquired every day, and many new and emerging challenges to STI control highlight the critical need for development of new STI vaccines...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905140/herpes-simplex-infection-simulating-richter-transformation-a-series-of-four-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Alireza Salem, Sanam Loghavi, Joseph D Khoury, Rose Lou Marie C Agbay, Jeffrey L Jorgensen, L Jeffrey Medeiros
AIMS: Richter transformation (RT) occurs in 5-10% of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), and is associated with a poor outcome. The histological manifestations of RT are variable, and include an increase in the proportion of prolymphocytes, immunoblasts, and other pleomorphic cells, along with an increased proliferation rate and often necrosis. Rarely, superimposed herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection involving lymph nodes in patients with CLL/SLL may mimic RT clinically and histologically...
April 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894330/marek-s-disease-in-chickens-a-review-with-focus-on-immunology
#13
REVIEW
Nitish Boodhoo, Angila Gurung, Shayan Sharif, Shahriar Behboudi
Marek's disease (MD), caused by Marek's disease virus (MDV), is a commercially important neoplastic disease of poultry which is only controlled by mass vaccination. Importantly, vaccines that can provide sterile immunity and inhibit virus transmission are lacking; such that vaccines are only capable of preventing neuropathy, oncogenic disease and immunosuppression, but are unable to prevent MDV transmission or infection, leading to emergence of increasingly virulent pathotypes. Hence, to address these issues, developing more efficacious vaccines that induce sterile immunity have become one of the important research goals for avian immunologists today...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853930/a-systematic-review-of-oral-herpetic-viral-infections-in-cancer-patients-commonly-used-outcome-measures-and-interventions
#14
Sharon Elad, Vinisha Ranna, Anura Ariyawardana, Maria Elvira Pizzigatti Correa, Vanessa Tilly, Raj G Nair, Tanya Rouleau, Richard M Logan, Andres Pinto, Veronica Charette, Debbie P Saunders, Siri Beier Jensen
PURPOSE: To review the literature for outcome measures for oral viral infections in cancer patients. A secondary aim was to update the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology (MASCC/ISOO) clinical practice guidelines for the management of oral viral infections in cancer patients. METHODS: Databases were searched for articles published in the English language, 1981-2013. Studies that met the eligibility criteria were reviewed systematically...
February 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824221/school-based-interventions-for-preventing-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-pregnancy-in-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
Amanda J Mason-Jones, David Sinclair, Catherine Mathews, Ashraf Kagee, Alex Hillman, Carl Lombard
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents...
November 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793330/otorhinolaryngology-manifestations-secondary-to-oral-sex
#16
Claudia Fernández-López, Carmelo Morales-Angulo
INTRODUCTION: Over the last few years, oral and pharyngeal signs and symptoms due to oral sex have increased significantly. However, no review articles related to this subject have been found in the medical literature. The objective of our study was to identify otorhinolaryngological manifestations associated with orogenital/oroanal contact, both in adults and children, in the context of consensual sex or sexual abuse. METHODS: We performed a review of the medical literature on otorhinolaryngological pathology associated with oral sex published in the last 20 years in the PubMed database...
October 25, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761420/a-review-study-on-the-effect-of-iranian-herbal-medicines-against-in-vitro-replication-of-herpes-simplex-virus
#17
REVIEW
Mohammad-Taghi Moradi, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Ali Karimi
OBJECTIVE: There are a number of published data indicating in vitro anti-HSV activity of some of Iranian herbal extracts with no systematic review to discuss these results. Therefore, this article was aimed to review and discuss the methods carried out and the phytochemistry and bioactivity of the extracts used and also conclusions provided in these publications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Published articles both in English (from Medline, Science Direct, EMBASE, Scopus, Pro Quest, Google scholar, Cochrane Library) and in Persian (from SID, Iran Medex and Magiran) databases, from 1966 to October 2014 were incorporated in this review...
September 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746159/modulation-of-host-defence-against-bacterial-and-viral-infections-by-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids
#18
REVIEW
Marie-Odile Husson, Delphine Ley, Céline Portal, Madeleine Gottrand, Thomas Hueso, Jean-Luc Desseyn, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVES: Although n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) are used widely in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases, their effect in infectious disease requires a particular attention. METHODS: The present article discusses their anti-inflammatory and immune properties involved in the host defence and presents a systematic review of the effects of their oral administration on the prevention and outcome of experimental and clinical infections...
December 2016: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724886/school-based-sexual-health-education-interventions-to-prevent-sti-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
A Sadiq Sani, Charles Abraham, Sarah Denford, Susan Ball
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual health education has the potential to provide an inclusive and comprehensive approach to promoting sexual health among young people. We reviewed evaluations of school-based sexual health education interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to assess effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted infections and promoting condom use. METHODS: We searched ten electronic databases, hand-searched key journals, and reference lists of included articles for potential studies...
October 10, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562285/-behcet-s-disease-and-infection
#20
REVIEW
M H Pei, M F Zhang
Behcet's disease (BD) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology. Uveitis, which is common and therapeutically challenging, is the major ocular manifestation of BD. Researches have shown that, in addition to the genetic components (e.g. HLA-B51), environmental factors such as infection also play important roles in the pathogenesis of BD. In recent years, with the advances in bio-detecting technologies, accumulating evidence has shown an association between microbial infections and previously believed non-infectious immune disorders...
August 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
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