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review article herpes simplex

Mohammad-Taghi Moradi, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Ali Karimi
OBJECTIVE: There are a number of published data indicating in vitro anti-HSV activity of some of Iranian herbal extracts with no systematic review to discuss these results. Therefore, this article was aimed to review and discuss the methods carried out and the phytochemistry and bioactivity of the extracts used and also conclusions provided in these publications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Published articles both in English (from Medline, Science Direct, EMBASE, Scopus, Pro Quest, Google scholar, Cochrane Library) and in Persian (from SID, Iran Medex and Magiran) databases, from 1966 to October 2014 were incorporated in this review...
September 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Marie-Odile Husson, Delphine Ley, Céline Portal, Madeleine Gottrand, Thomas Hueso, Jean-Luc Desseyn, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVES: Although n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) are used widely in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases, their effect in infectious disease requires a particular attention. METHODS: The present article discusses their anti-inflammatory and immune properties involved in the host defence and presents a systematic review of the effects of their oral administration on the prevention and outcome of experimental and clinical infections...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Infection
A Sadiq Sani, Charles Abraham, Sarah Denford, Susan Ball
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual health education has the potential to provide an inclusive and comprehensive approach to promoting sexual health among young people. We reviewed evaluations of school-based sexual health education interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to assess effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted infections and promoting condom use. METHODS: We searched ten electronic databases, hand-searched key journals, and reference lists of included articles for potential studies...
October 10, 2016: BMC Public Health
M H Pei, M F Zhang
Behcet's disease (BD) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology. Uveitis, which is common and therapeutically challenging, is the major ocular manifestation of BD. Researches have shown that, in addition to the genetic components (e.g. HLA-B51), environmental factors such as infection also play important roles in the pathogenesis of BD. In recent years, with the advances in bio-detecting technologies, accumulating evidence has shown an association between microbial infections and previously believed non-infectious immune disorders...
August 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Karly P Garnock-Jones
Talimogene laherparepvec (Imlygic™) is a first-in-class oncolytic viral immunotherapy derived from herpes simplex virus type 1, which has been genetically modified to increase tumour selectivity and stimulate antitumour immune response. This article reviews the pharmacological properties of intralesional talimogene laherparepvec and its clinical efficacy and tolerability in patients with unresectable metastatic melanoma. In the phase III OPTiM trial, talimogene laherparepvec was more effective than subcutaneous human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), both in patients with stage IIIB-IV melanoma [intention-to-treat (ITT) population] and in those with stage IIIB-IVM1a disease (in an exploratory subgroup analysis)...
October 2016: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
Paul Wurzer, Ashley Guillory, Daryousch Parvizi, Robert P Clayton, Ludwik K Branski, Lars-P Kamolz, Celeste C Finnerty, David N Herndon, Jong O Lee
OBJECTIVE: The contribution of human herpes viruses, including herpes simplex virus (HSV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and varicella zoster virus (VZV) to morbidity and mortality after burns remains controversial. This systematic review was undertaken to assess evidence of herpes virus-related morbidity and mortality in burns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science were searched to identify studies of HSV, CMV, or VZV infections in burn patients. Exclusion criteria included: A level of evidence (LoE) of IV or V; nonhuman in vivo studies; and non-English articles...
August 8, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Hiroshi Fukuhara, Yasushi Ino, Tomoki Todo
Oncolytic virus therapy is perhaps the next major breakthrough in cancer treatment following the success in immunotherapy using immune checkpoint inhibitors. Oncolytic viruses are defined as genetically engineered or naturally occurring viruses that selectively replicate in and kill cancer cells without harming the normal tissues. T-Vec (talimogene laherparepvec), a second-generation oncolytic herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) armed with GM-CSF, was recently approved as the first oncolytic virus drug in the USA and Europe...
August 3, 2016: Cancer Science
Peck Y Ong, Donald Y M Leung
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common allergic skin disease in the general population. It is a chronic inflammatory skin disease complicated by recurrent bacterial and viral infections that, when left untreated, can lead to significant complications. The current article will review immunologic and molecular mechanisms underlying the propensity of AD patients to microbial infections. These infections include Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) skin infections, eczema herpeticum, eczema vaccinatum, and eczema coxsackium...
July 5, 2016: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Xingli Xu, Yanchun Che, Qihan Li
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is composed of complex structures primarily characterized by four elements: the nucleus, capsid, tegument and envelope. The tegument is an important viral component mainly distributed in the spaces between the capsid and the envelope. The development of viral genome editing technologies, such as the identification of temperature-sensitive mutations, homologous recombination, bacterial artificial chromosome, and the CRISPR/Cas9 system, has been shown to largely contribute to the rapid promotion of studies on the HSV-1 tegument protein...
2016: Virology Journal
Sami L Gottlieb, Carolyn D Deal, Birgitte Giersing, Helen Rees, Gail Bolan, Christine Johnston, Peter Timms, Scott D Gray-Owen, Ann E Jerse, Caroline E Cameron, Vasee S Moorthy, James Kiarie, Nathalie Broutet
In 2014, the World Health Organization, the US National Institutes of Health, and global technical partners published a comprehensive roadmap for development of new vaccines against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Since its publication, progress has been made in several roadmap activities: obtaining better epidemiologic data to establish the public health rationale for STI vaccines, modeling the theoretical impact of future vaccines, advancing basic science research, defining preferred product characteristics for first-generation vaccines, and encouraging investment in STI vaccine development...
June 3, 2016: Vaccine
Satoshi Kamei
Cognitive impairments, including dementia, can present as first symptoms at the acute stage, and/or as sequelae in the chronic stages, in some patients with bacterial meningitis (BM) or encephalitides. BM and encephalitides are lifethreatening neurological emergencies, and early recognition, efficient decision-making, and rapid commencement of therapy can be lifesaving. Empirical therapy should be initiated promptly whenever BM or encephalitides are a probable diagnosis. In this article cognitive impairments, including dementia, presenting in patients with BM, Herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE), Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) encephalitis, and Anti N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis are reviewed...
April 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Rolf Teschke, Axel Eickhoff
In 2013, physicians at the Honolulu Queen's Medical Center (QMC) noticed that seven liver disease patients reported the use of OxyELITE Pro (OEP), a widely consumed dietary supplement (DS). Assuming a temporal association between OEP use and disease, they argued that OEP was the cause of this mysterious cluster. Subsequent reexamination, however, has revealed that this QMC cohort is heterogeneous and not a cluster with a single agent causing a single disease. It is heterogeneous because patients used multiple DS's and drugs and because patients appeared to have suffered from multiple liver diseases: liver cirrhosis, liver failure by acetaminophen, hepatotoxicity by non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), resolving acute viral hepatitis by hepatitis B virus (HBV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), and varicella zoster virus (VZV), and suspected hepatitis E virus (HEV)...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Renée L Finnen, Bruce W Banfield
In this article, we provide an overview of translational arrest in eukaryotic cells in response to stress and the tactics used specifically by alphaherpesviruses to overcome translational arrest. One consequence of translational arrest is the formation of cytoplasmic compartments called stress granules (SGs). Many viruses target SGs for disruption and/or modification, including the alphaherpesvirus herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Recently, it was discovered that HSV-2 disrupts SG formation early after infection via virion host shutoff protein (vhs), an endoribonuclease that is packaged within the HSV-2 virion...
March 2016: Viruses
Shveta Bali, Richard Filek, Francie Si, William Hodge
Cornea transplantation has a high success rate and typically only requires topical immunomodulation. However, in high-risk cases, systemic immunosuppression can be used. We conducted a systematic review on the efficacy and side effects of systemic immunosuppression for high-risk cornea transplantation. The study population was 18 years old or older with a high-risk transplant (two or more clock hours of cornea vascularization or a previous failed graft or a graft needed because of herpes simplex keratitis)...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Arnaud Toussaint, Colin Simonson, Christian Valla
Herpetic lesions most frequently occur on oral and genital areas. However, herpes simplex virus (HSV) can be a rare cause of breast infection. In few published articles, the route of transmission is predominantly from infant to mother. We report two cases about simultaneous mammary and extramammary (oral and genital) herpetic infection in nonlactating women. In both cases, HSV breast lesions were acquired by sexual contacts with partners who were asymptomatic HSV carriers. Through a review of literature, we highlight clinical signs for an early diagnosis...
May 2016: Breast Journal
Haidong Gu
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is a ubiquitous human pathogen that establishes latent infection in ganglia neurons. Its unique life cycle requires a balanced "conquer and compromise" strategy to deal with the host anti-viral defenses. One of HSV-1 α (immediate early) gene products, infected cell protein 0 (ICP0), is a multifunctional protein that interacts with and modulates a wide range of cellular defensive pathways. These pathways may locate in different cell compartments, which then migrate or exchange factors upon stimulation, for the purpose of a concerted and effective defense...
February 12, 2016: World Journal of Virology
Shu Su, Eric P F Chow, Kathryn E Muessig, Lei Yuan, Joseph D Tucker, Xiaohu Zhang, Jiehui Ren, Christopher K Fairley, Jun Jing, Lei Zhang
BACKGROUND: The 1980's economic boom has been associated with a rapid expansion of China's sex industry over the past three decades. Consequently, the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and hepatitis infections among female sex workers (FSW) has become an important public health issue in China. This study identifies prevalence and risks of hepatitis and STIs in Chinese FSWs. METHOD: Four electronic databases were searched for Chinese and English language peer-reviewed studies conducted between 01/2000-12/2011 that reported prevalence of hepatitis and STIs (excluding HIV) among Chinese FSW...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Musa Kemal Keleş, İbrahim Alper Aksakal, Tae Hwan Park, Çağlayan Yağmur, İsmail Küçüker
INTRODUCTION: No surgical procedure is free of complications; however, some of these complications are unintentional. Plastic surgeons may be unfamiliar with certain complications after rhinoplasty operations. In this study, we aimed to present four unintentional complications that have occurred in our patients and review the literature related to these complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we conducted a review of 1400 patients who were operated on from 2007 to 2015...
February 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Sneha Solanki, Manisha Rathi, Sumeet Khanduja, C S Dhull, Sumit Sachdeva, Jitender Phogat
This review article highlights the newer diagnostic modalities and approaches in the medical management of infectious keratitis. A Medline literature search conducted to March 2014 has been included. Recent studies or publications were selected from international indexed journals using suitable key words. Development of specular microscopy and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has a promising role as diagnostic modalities in infectious keratitis, especially in refractory cases. Previously fortified antibiotics have been the mainstay of treatment for bacterial keratitis...
May 2015: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Phoebe Lin
Infectious uveitis is one of the most common and visually devastating causes of uveitis in the US and worldwide. This review provides a summary of the identification, treatment, and complications associated with certain forms of viral, bacterial, fungal, helminthic, and parasitic uveitis. In particular, this article reviews the literature on identification and treatment of acute retinal necrosis due to herpes simplex virus, varicella virus, and cytomegalovirus. While no agreed-upon treatment has been identified, the characteristics of Ebola virus panuveitis is also reviewed...
September 2015: Current Ophthalmology Reports
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