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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329865/what-doesn-t-kill-you-doesn-t-make-you-stronger-the-long-term-consequences-of-nonfatal-injury-for-older-adults
#1
Dongjuan Xu, Julia A Rivera Drew
Purpose: The majority of research efforts centering on injury among older adults focus on fall-related injuries and short-term consequences of injury. Little is known about the long-term consequences of all-cause nonfatal injuries, including minor injuries. Using a recent, large, and nationally representative sample of the U.S. non-institutionalized civilian population, the current study examines whether older adults who sustained a nonfatal injury (serious and minor) have higher risk of long-term morbidity and mortality outcomes compared with noninjured seniors...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328857/ivc-filters-trends-in-placement-and-indications-a-study-of-2-populations
#2
Mahek Shah, Talal Alnabelsi, Shantanu Patil, Shilpa Reddy, Brijesh Patel, Marvin Lu, Aditya Chandorkar, Apostholos Perelas, Shilpkumar Arora, Nilay Patel, Larry Jacobs, Glenn G Eiger
Inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) placement appears to be expanding over time despite absence of clear directing evidence.Two populations were studied. The first population included patients who received an IVCF between January 2005 and August 2013 at our community hospital center. Demographic information, indications for placement, and retrieval rate was recorded among other variables. The second population comprised of patients receiving an IVCF from 2005 to 2012 according to the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) using ICD-9CM coding...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328609/evaluation-of-dentoalveolar-trauma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-modified-classification-system-and-surgical-treatment-strategies-for-its-management
#3
Nadia Theologie-Lygidakis, Ourania K Schoinohoriti, Minas Leventis, Ioannis Iatrou
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze dentoalveolar trauma in pediatric patients, propose a modified classification, and delineate an approach for its urgent care from the surgeon's perspective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical records of patients, attended at the 'A. and P. Kyriakou' Children's Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from 2000 to 2015, were retrieved and data were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 365 cases of dentoalveolar trauma, affecting 363 children and adolescents (221 males and 142 females), with an age range from 1 to 15 years, were treated in the authors' department...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324091/association-between-dabigatran-vs-warfarin-and-risk-of-osteoporotic-fractures-among-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#4
Wallis C Y Lau, Esther W Chan, Ching-Lung Cheung, Chor Wing Sing, Kenneth K C Man, Gregory Y H Lip, Chung-Wah Siu, Joanne K Y Lam, Alan C H Lee, Ian C K Wong
Importance: The risk of osteoporotic fracture with dabigatran use in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) is unknown. Objective: To investigate the risk of osteoporotic fracture with dabigatran vs warfarin in patients with NVAF. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study using a population-wide database managed by the Hong Kong Hospital Authority. Patients newly diagnosed with NVAF from 2010 through 2014 and prescribed dabigatran or warfarin were matched by propensity score at a 1:2 ratio with follow-up until July 31, 2016...
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323687/multilevel-factors-associated-with-injurious-falls-in-acute-care-hospitals
#5
Yunchuan Lucy Zhao, Marjorie Bott, Jianghua He, Heejung Kim, Nancy Dunton
Using National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators data from July 2013 to June 2014, this correlational study examined the associations of injurious falls among all patient falls with multilevel factors in hospitals. The sample included all falls recorded in adult medical, surgical, combined medical-surgical, and step-down units (N = 2299) in participating hospitals (N = 488). Hierarchical negative binominal regression analyses were performed. Results revealed hospital and unit organizational factors associated with inpatient injurious falls...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320786/exploring-similarities-and-differences-in-hospital-adverse-event-rates-between-norway-and-sweden-using-global-trigger-tool
#6
Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Madeleine Borgstedt Risberg, Marion Haugen, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm, Urban Nylén, Hans Rutberg, Soop Michael
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we explore similarities and differences in hospital adverse event (AE) rates between Norway and Sweden by reviewing medical records with the Global Trigger Tool (GTT). DESIGN: All acute care hospitals in both countries performed medical record reviews, except one in Norway. Records were randomly selected from all eligible admissions in 2013. Eligible admissions were patients 18 years of age or older, undergoing care with an in-hospital stay of at least 24 hours, excluding psychiatric and care and rehabilitation...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320201/analysis-of-never-events-following-adult-cardiac-surgical-procedures-in-the-united-states
#7
Michael P Robich, Brianna M Krafcik, Nishant K Shah, Alik Farber, Denis Rybin, Jeffrey J Siracuse
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the risk factors, nature, and outcomes of "never events" following open adult cardiac surgical procedures. Understanding of these events can reduce their occurrence, and thereby improve patient care, quality metrics, and cost reduction. METHODS: "Never events" for patients included in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample who underwent coronary artery bypass graft, heart valve repair/replacement, or thoracic aneurysm repair between 2003-2011 were documented...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301800/indigenous-peoples-experiences-and-perceptions-of-hospitalisation-for-acute-care-a-metasynthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#8
REVIEW
Vainess Mbuzi, Paul Fulbrook, Melanie Jessup
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore Indigenous people's experiences and perceptions of hospitalisation and acute care. METHODS: Systematic procedures were used for the literature search covering the period from 2000 to 2016. Final search was conducted in early September 2016. Quality of the selected studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Program. Data extraction was conducted using the data extraction tool from the Joanna Briggs Institute...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301646/traumatic-facial-injuries-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-never-event-or-frequent-occurrence
#9
Michael Bobian, Nour El-Kashlan, Curtis J Hanba, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Giancarlo F Zuliani, Michael Carron
Importance: As the nursing home population continues to increase, an understanding of preventable injuries becomes exceedingly important. Although other fall-related injuries have been characterized, little attention has been dedicated to facial trauma. Objectives: To estimate the incidence of facial trauma among nursing home residents and detail mechanisms of injury, injury characteristics, and patient demographic data. Design, Setting, and Participants: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was used to calculate a weighted national incidence of facial trauma among individuals older than 60 years from a nationally representative collection of emergency departments from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2015...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301451/traumatic-brain-injury-related-emergency-department-visits-hospitalizations-and-deaths-united-states-2007-and-2013
#10
Christopher A Taylor, Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Likang Xu
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has short- and long-term adverse clinical outcomes, including death and disability. TBI can be caused by a number of principal mechanisms, including motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and assaults. This report describes the estimated incidence of TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths during 2013 and makes comparisons to similar estimates from 2007. REPORTING PERIOD: 2007 and 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: State-based administrative health care data were used to calculate estimates of TBI-related ED visits and hospitalizations by principal mechanism of injury, age group, sex, and injury intent...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301321/giant-parathyroid-adenoma-associated-with-severe-hypercalcemia-in-an-adolescent-patient
#11
Kinyas Kartal, Nurcihan Aygun, Mujdat Bankaoglu, Alper Ozel, Mehmet Uludag
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to bring attention to the importance of differential diagnosis in adolescent patients with skeletal involvement and hypercalcemia. CASE: A 17-year-old male patient with a complaint of severe leg pain was admitted to our hospital. Seven months before he had a fracture of his distal humerus after falling on to his left shoulder and was treated conservatively. Five months previously, he had a rupture of his quadriceps tendon...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296974/joint-analyses-of-open-comments-and-quantitative-data-added-value-in-a-job-satisfaction-survey-of-hospital-professionals
#12
Ingrid Gilles, Mauro Mayer, Nelly Courvoisier, Isabelle Peytremann-Bridevaux
OBJECTIVE: To obtain a comprehensive understanding of the job opinions of hospital professionals by conducting qualitative analyses of the open comments included in a job satisfaction survey and combining these results with the quantitative results. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey targeting all Lausanne University Hospital professionals was performed in the fall of 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey considered ten job satisfaction dimensions (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296910/examining-the-construct-and-known-group-validity-of-a-composite-endpoint-for-the-older-persons-and-informal-caregivers-survey-minimum-data-set-topics-mds-a-large-scale-data-sharing-initiative
#13
Cynthia S Hofman, Jennifer E Lutomski, Han Boter, Bianca M Buurman, Anton J M de Craen, Rogier Donders, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Peter Makai, René J F Melis
BACKGROUND: Preference-weighted multi-faceted endpoints have the potential to facilitate comparative effectiveness research that incorporates patient preferences. The Older Persons and Informal Caregivers Survey-Composite endpoint (TOPICS-CEP) is potentially a valuable outcome measure for evaluating interventions in geriatric care as it combines multiple outcomes relevant to older persons in a single metric. The objective of this study was to validate TOPICS-CEP across different study settings (general population, primary care and hospital)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293491/disparities-in-utilization-of-jaw-surgery-for-treatment-of-sleep-apnea-a-nationwide-analysis
#14
Ravi K Garg, Ying Shan, Jeffrey A Havlena, Ahmed M Afifi
BACKGROUND: Maxillomandibular advancement has been shown to be one of the most effective operations for management of severe obstructive sleep apnea, yet pharyngeal surgery is more commonly performed. The goal of this study was to identify socioeconomic factors associated with this phenomenon. METHODS: Patients aged 14 or older with a primary hospital diagnosis of sleep apnea were identified using the National Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2012. ICD9 codes were used to determine whether a pharyngeal or jaw procedure was performed...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292301/examining-the-relationship-between-therapeutic-self-care-and-adverse-events-for-home-care-clients-in-ontario-canada-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Winnie Sun, Diane M Doran, Walter P Wodchis, Elizabeth Peter
BACKGROUND: In an era of a rapidly aging population who requires home care services, clients must possess or develop therapeutic self-care ability in order to manage their health conditions safely in their homes. Therapeutic self-care is the ability to take medications as prescribed and to recognize and manage symptoms that may be experienced, such as pain. The purpose of this research study was to investigate whether therapeutic self-care ability explained variation in the frequency and types of adverse events experienced by home care clients...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291562/consequences-of-sarcopenia-among-nursing-home-residents-at%C3%A2-long-term%C3%A2-follow-up
#16
Tim Henwood, Bothaina Hassan, Paul Swinton, Hugh Senior, Justin Keogh
The consequences of and transition into sarcopenia with long-term survival was investigated in the nursing home setting. Eligible residents from 11 nursing homes were followed-up 18-months after their assessment for sarcopenia using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria, with other demographic, physical and cognitive health measures collected. Of the 102 older adults who consented at baseline, 22 had died and 58 agreed to participate at follow-up, 51.7% of whom had sarcopenic. Sarcopenia at baseline was associated with a depression (p < ...
March 10, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290394/a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-research-on-traumatic-brain-injury-in-india
#17
Benjamin B Massenburg, Deepa K Veetil, Nakul P Raykar, Amit Agrawal, Nobhojit Roy, Martin Gerdin
INTRODUCTION: Over a quarter of the world's trauma deaths occur in India, with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as the leading cause of death and disability within trauma. With little known about TBI in India, we set out to do a systematic review to characterize the quantitative literature on TBI in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following databases were searched from their inception to December 31, 2015: PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and the World Health Organization's Global Health Library, using the keywords: neurotrauma, brain injury, traumatic brain injury, TBI, head injury, and India...
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289676/disability-work-absenteeism-sickness-benefits-and-cancer-in-selected-european-oecd-countries-forecasts-to-2020
#18
Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Christina Malmose-Stapelfeldt, Olivera Milovanovic, Nemanja Rancic, Dubravko Bokonjic
BACKGROUND: Disability either due to illness, aging, or both causes remains an essential contributor shaping European labor markets. Ability of modern day welfare states to compensate an impaired work ability and absenteeism arising from incapacity is very diverse. The aims of this study were to establish and explain intercountry differences among selected European OECD countries and to provide forecasts of future work absenteeism and expenditures on wage replacement benefits. METHODS: Two major public registries, European health for all database and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development database (OECD Health Data), were coupled to form a joint database on 12 core indicators...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289243/use-of-standard-risk-screening-and-assessment-forms-to-prevent-harm-to-older-people-in-australian-hospitals-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Bernice Redley, Michelle Raggatt
BACKGROUND: Standard risk screening and assessment forms are frequently used in strategies to prevent harm to older people in hospitals. Little is known about good practices for their use. OBJECTIVE: Scope the preventable harms addressed by standard forms used to screen and assess older people and how standard forms are operationalised in hospitals across Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Mixed methods study: (1) cross-sectional audit of the standard risk screening and assessment forms used to assess older people at 11 health services in 2015; (2) nine focus groups with a purposive sample of 69 participants at 9 health services...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285832/an-integrative-review-of-pediatric-fall-risk-assessment-tools
#20
REVIEW
Kimberly DiGerolamo, Katherine Finn Davis
PROBLEM: Patient fall prevention begins with accurate risk assessment. However, sustained improvements in prevention and quality of care include use of validated fall risk assessment tools (FRATs). The goal of FRATs is to identify patients at highest risk. Adult FRATs are often borrowed from to create tools for pediatric patients. Though factors associated with pediatric falls in the hospital setting are similar to those in adults, such as mobility, medication use, and cognitive impairment, adult FRATs and the factors associated with them do not adequately assess risk in children...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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