keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Patient Falls

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909378/delayed-ischemic-stroke-due-to-stent-marker-band-occlusion-after-stent-assisted-coiling
#1
Shuhei Kawabata, Hirotoshi Imamura, Keita Suzuki, Shoichi Tani, Hidemitsu Adachi, Nobuyuki Sakai
A middle-aged patient with an internal carotid-posterior communicating artery aneurysm and basilar artery tip aneurysm was treated by stent-assisted coiling. One ischemic infarction and two transient ischemic attacks occurred with the same symptoms (inability to walk unassisted and tendency to fall to the left) during the first 2 years post-treatment. The ischemic infarction was found in the right side of the pons, consistent with the vascular territory of the stent-containing vessel. The cause of the delayed ischemic stroke was investigated on DSA and cone beam CT, which revealed that the proximal end of the stent, one marker band, was just covering a small perforating artery of the basilar artery trunk...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909304/prevalence-and-predictors-of-violent-victimization-in-remitted-patients-with-recurrent-depression
#2
C Christ, M de Jonge, C L H Bockting, M J Kikkert, D J F van Schaik, A T F Beekman, J J M Dekker
BACKGROUND: Depressed patients are at increased risk to fall victim to a violent crime compared to the general population. It remains unknown whether their increased risk persists after remission. This study compared victimization rates of remitted patients with both a random general population sample and a group of currently depressed patients. Furthermore, this study aimed to identify predictors of future violent victimization. METHODS: In this longitudinal study conducted in the Netherlands, 12-month prevalence rates of sexual assaults, physical assaults, and threats were assessed with the Safety Monitor in 140 currently remitted patients with recurrent depression, and compared to those of a weighted general population sample (N = 9...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908871/an-overview-on-personalisation-of-radiotherapy-prescriptions-in-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-are-we-there-yet
#3
REVIEW
Sarah Barrett, Gerard G Hanna, Laure Marignol
Standard of care radiotherapy in LA-NSCLC is 60-66 Gy in 30-33 fractions. However outcomes for these patients are poor with 5-year survival in the range of 10-20%. Randomised controlled trials have shown that dose escalation in a linear fashion does not improve outcomes for all patients, thus there is a need to tailor the prescription to the individual patient. This review assesses the strategies published to personalise the radiation therapy dose prescription in LA-NSCLC. A systematic and scoping search of the literature was performed to identify studies that met the inclusion criteria...
June 13, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908851/accuracy-of-sacroiliac-screw-placement-with-and-without-intraoperative-navigation-and-clinical-application-of-the-sacral-dysmorphism-score
#4
Alex Quok An Teo, Jing Hui Yik, Sheldon Ng Jin Keat, Diarmuid Paul Murphy, Gavin Kane O'Neill
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneously-placed sacroiliac (SI) screws are currently the gold-standard fixation technique for fixation of the posterior pelvic ring. The relatively high prevalence of sacral dysmorphism in the general population introduces a high risk of cortical breach with resultant neurovascular damage. This study was performed to compare the accuracy of SI screw placement with and without the use of intraoperative navigation, as well as to externally validate the sacral dysmorphism score in a trauma patient cohort...
May 31, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906198/an-audit-of-chronic-oedema-within-the-care-home-setting
#5
Jackie Stephen-Haynes, Rosie Callaghan
This articles outlines the important issue of chronic oedema, its definition and the physiology of the three main categories. The care delivered in the care home (nursing) sector was the subject of a printed questionnaire and the results are presented here. They are discussed and the implications for practice and an evidenced-based approach to care delivery are considered. Several conclusions can be drawn from this study but would be strengthened by a larger study. Care for patients with chronic oedema could be enhanced and this would improve clinical outcomes; significantly fewer patients would need to be referred for GP management if an appropriate and timely first-line treatment was agreed and provided by nursing staff...
April 1, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905916/epidemiological-trends-of-traumatic-brain-and-spinal-cord-injury-in-puerto-rico-from-november-10th-2006-through-may-24th-2011
#6
Ricardo H Brau, Yaritza Acevedo-Salas, Katya Giovannetti
OBJECTIVE: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), injury to the central nervous system (CNS) continues to be a leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality in the US today. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed to determine the incidence of all traumatic CNS injuries. Descriptive variables were presented as frequencies and percentages. Quantitative variables were expressed as means and averages (plus/minus standard deviation); bivariate cross-tabulation and multiple regression analyses were employed to identify risk factors and compare epidemiological patterns of injury related variables...
June 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904793/-tips-for-taking-the-medical-history-in-patients-with-syncope
#7
REVIEW
Carsten W Israel
Transient loss of consciousness represents one of the most frequent reasons for patients to present in the emergency room. Already at the very beginning, the diagnostic work-up is faced with fundamental questions: (1) Was it really a loss of consciousness? (2) Which department (neurology, cardiology, or others) should check the patient? (3) Is an in-hospital diagnostic work-up required? These questions can be answered from a meticulous patient history which needs to be adjusted to the individual case but also has to systematically go through a list of questions...
June 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904480/peripheral-primitive-neuroendocrine-tumor-of-the-chest-wall-a-case-report-with-pathological-correlation
#8
Jidi Gao, Erika Chow, Aishatu Aloma, Payal Gupta
Primitive neuroectodermal tumor is a high-grade malignant tumor originating from the neural crest and neuroectoderm, which can be subdivided into central and peripheral categories. Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor is thought to be identical to Ewing's sarcoma, and falls under a broader category of Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors. Very rarely, it may present without osseous involvement, known as extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma. Here we present a case of a 38-year-old woman, who presented with several-month history of a slow-growing chest wall mass, initially thought to be a breast mass...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904451/thrombolysis-is-an-effective-and-safe-therapy-in-stuck-mitral-valves-with-delayed-presentation-as-well-as-hemodynamically-unstable-patients-a-single-centre-study
#9
Arun Shivajirao Bade, Shakil Sattar Ahmed Shaikh, Hemant Khemani, Gurkirat Singh, Narender Omprakash Bansal
Background: Thrombosis is a complication of prosthetic valves on oral anticoagulants which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A re-operation carries a substantial risk, with mortality rate from 10% to 15% in selected series, which may be 2- or 3-folds higher in critically ill patients. This study conducted in a tertiary care cardiology unit aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of thrombolytic therapy in stuck mitral bileaflet heart valves. Methods: As a prospective observational study, clinical symptoms and fluoroscopy were the mainstay in diagnosis of stuck mitral valve...
June 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903644/high-parathyroid-hormone-levels-are-associated-with-osteosarcopenia-in-older-individuals-with-a-history-of-falling
#10
Pushpa Suriyaarachchi, Fernando Gomez, Carmen L Curcio, Derek Boersma, Lavanya Murthy, Vivian Grill, Gustavo Duque
OBJECTIVES: The combination of osteopenia/osteoporosis and sarcopenia (osteosarcopenia) defines a diagnostic subset of individuals at higher risk of falls, fractures and institutionalization. In this study we aimed to assess the potential role of high serum levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in osteosarcopenia. We hypothesized that a high PTH level is one of the major determinants of this syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in 400 subjects (mean age = 79, 65% women) assessed between 2009 and 2014 at the Falls and Fractures Clinic, Nepean Hospital (Penrith, Australia)...
July 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903582/measuring-disease-progression-and-disability-in-orthostatic-tremor
#11
Nirosen Vijiaratnam, Dharshana Sirisena, Eldho Paul, Kelly L Bertram, David R Williams
OBJECTIVE: To develop a questionnaire quantifying the impact of orthostatic tremor (OT) on patients' function and quality of life to enable longitudinal measurement of disease severity. METHODS: Patients with OT were interviewed in order to identify domains for a new disease-specific impact profile. The OT impact profile (OTIP) included forty-seven items across activities of daily living (9), mobility (9), social participation (2), assistance (8) and emotional effects (19) scored from 0 to 4 (total range 0-188)...
June 8, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902795/chest-drain-fall-out-rate-according-to-suturing-practices-a-retrospective-direct-comparison
#12
Rachelle Asciak, Dinesh Addala, Juzer Karimjee, Maaz Suhail Rana, Stamatoula Tsikrika, Maged Fayed Hassan, Rachel Mary Mercer, Robert John Hallifax, John Matthew Wrightson, Ioannis Psallidas, Rachel Benamore, Najib Mahboob Rahman
BACKGROUND: Chest drains often become displaced and require replacement, adding unnecessary risks to patients. Simple measures such as suturing of the drain may reduce fall-out rates; however, there is no direct data to demonstrate this and no standardized recommended practice that is evidence based. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to analyze the rate of chest drain fall out according to suturing practice. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all chest drain insertions (radiology and pleural teams) in 2015-2016...
June 14, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902354/effects-of-individual-nurse-and-hospital-characteristics-on-patient-adverse-events-and-quality-of-care-a-multilevel-analysis
#13
Seung Eun Lee, Catherine Vincent, V Susan Dahinten, Linda D Scott, Chang Gi Park, Karen Dunn Lopez
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate effects of individual nurse and hospital characteristics on patient adverse events and quality of care using a multilevel approach. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a combination of nurse survey data (N = 1,053 nurses) and facility data (N = 63 hospitals) in Canada. METHODS: Multilevel ordinal logistic regression was employed to examine effects of individual nurse and hospital characteristics on patient adverse events...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900029/concomitant-upper-extremity-fracture-worsens-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture
#14
Mary Kate Thayer, Conor P Kleweno, Vivian H Lyons, Lisa A Taitsman
Background: Elderly patients with low-energy hip fractures have high rates of morbidity and mortality, but it is not well known how often concurrent upper extremity fractures occur and how this impacts outcomes. We used the National Trauma Databank (NTDB), the largest aggregation of US trauma registry data available, to determine whether patients with concurrent upper extremity and hip fractures have worse outcomes than patients with hip fractures alone. Methods: We accessed the NTDB to identify patients aged 65 to 100 who sustained a hip fracture...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899998/a-longitudinal-study-examining-the-change-in-functional-independence-over-time-in-elderly-individuals-with-a-functioning-kidney-transplant
#15
Kevin Yau, Janine F Farragher, S Joseph Kim, Olusegun Famure, Sarbjit V Jassal
Background: Functional disability is defined as the need for assistance with self-care tasks. Objective: To document changes in functional status over time among older prevalent renal transplant recipients. Design: Single center, prospective, follow-up study. Setting: Single center, tertiary care transplant center. Patients: Patients, with a functioning kidney transplant, aged 65 years or older who underwent assessment of functional status approximately 12 months previously...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899669/effect-of-xanthine-oxidase-inhibition-on-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#16
Manal M Alem, Abdullah M Alshehri, Peter Mb Cahusac, Matthew R Walters
Background: The xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol improves endothelial function in different populations, including patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Its effect on arterial stiffness parameters is less clear. We investigated the effect of short-term low-dose allopurinol therapy on arterial stiffness in Saudi patients with stable mild-moderate CHF. Methods: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed on 73 patients with mild-moderate CHF...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899565/targeted-ablation-of-p38%C3%AE-mapk-suppresses-denervation-induced-muscle-atrophy
#17
Kazuki Yuasa, Kazumasa Okubo, Masaki Yoda, Kinya Otsu, Yasuyuki Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Yoshiki Itoh, Keisuke Horiuchi
The loss of skeletal muscle mass is a major cause of falls and fractures in the elderly, leading to compromised independence and a decrease in the quality of life. However, only a few therapeutic interventions leading to marginal clinical benefits in patients with this condition are currently available. Therefore, the demand to further understand the pathology of muscle atrophy and establish a treatment modality for patients with muscle atrophy is significant. p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38α MAPK) is a ubiquitous signaling molecule that is implicated in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation, and senescence...
June 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899221/the-association-between-mediterranean-diet-and-the-risk-of-falls-and-physical-function-indices-in-older-type-2-diabetic-people-varies-by-age
#18
Sigal Tepper, Amit Alter Sivashensky, Danit Rivkah Shahar, Diklah Geva, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diabetes and dysglycemia increase the risk of frailty and decreased physical abilities. Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) may reduce this risk. We hypothesized that adherence to the MD is associated with physical function in older type-2 diabetic patients and that the association is stratified by age. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited type-2 diabetes patients aged >60 years at the Center for Successful Aging with Diabetes at Sheba Medical Center...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898914/physician-alert-the-legal-risks-associated-with-on-call-duties-in-the-usa
#19
Zachary R Paterick, Nachiket J Patel, Timothy Edward Paterick
On-call physicians encounter a diverse aggregate of interfaces with sundry persons concerning patient care that may surface potential legal peril. The duties and obligations of an on-call physician, who must act as a fiduciary to all patients, create a myriad of circumstances where there is a risk of falling prey to legal ambiguities. The understanding of the doctor-patient relationship, the obligations of physicians under the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act, the meaning of medical informed consent and the elements of negligence will help physicians avoid the legal risk associated with the various encounters of being on call...
June 13, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898009/pain-perception-and-pain-coping-mechanisms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-fibromyalgia-and-polyarticular-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#20
Melissa Mariti Fraga, Maria Teresa Terreri, Rafael Teixeira Azevedo, Maria Odete Esteves Hilário, Claudio Arnaldo Len
OBJECTIVE: To measure and compare musculoskeletal pain in patients with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM) and polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and to evaluate and compare pain perception and pain coping mechanisms in these patients. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, we evaluated 150 children and adolescents, and their respective parents, from 3 different groups: JFM, polyarticular JIA, and healthy controls. Pain intensity and pain coping mechanisms were measured using specific questionnaires...
June 11, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
keyword
keyword
106997
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"