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Walter Tavares, Ron Bowles, Becky Donelon
BACKGROUND: Paramedicine is a rapidly evolving health profession with increasing responsibilities and contributions to healthcare. This rapid growth has left the profession with unclear professional and clinical boundaries. Existing defining frameworks may no longer align with the practice of paramedicine or expectations of the public. The purpose of this study was to explore the roles paramedics in Canada are to embody and that align with or support the rapid and ongoing evolution of the profession...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Michael Schmucker, Kemal Yildirim, Christoph Igel, Martin Haag
Smart wearables are capable of supporting physicians during various processes in medical emergencies. Nevertheless, it is almost impossible to operate several computers without neglecting a patient's treatment. Thus, it is necessary to set up a distributed network consisting of two or more computers to exchange data or initiate remote procedure calls (RPC). If it is not possible to create flawless connections between those devices, it is not possible to transfer medically relevant data to the most suitable device, as well as to control a device with another one...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Karen A Abrashkin, Jonathan Washko, Jenny Zhang, Asantewaa Poku, Hyun Kim, Kristofer L Smith
Models addressing urgent clinical needs for older adults with multiple advanced chronic conditions are lacking. This observational study describes a Community Paramedicine (CP) model for treatment of acute medical conditions within an Advanced Illness Management (AIM) program, and compares its effect on emergency department (ED) use and subsequent hospitalization with that of traditional emergency medical services (EMS). Community paramedics were trained to evaluate and, with telemedicine-enhanced physician guidance, treat acute illnesses in individuals' homes...
August 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Madison Brydges, Margaret Denton, Gina Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Expanded roles for paramedics, commonly termed community paramedicine, are becoming increasingly common. Paramedics working in community paramedicine roles represent a distinct departure away from the traditional emergency paradigm of paramedic services. Despite this, little research has addressed how community paramedics are perceived by their clients. METHODS: This study took an interpretivist qualitative approach to examine participants' perceptions of paramedics providing a community paramedicine program, named the Community Health Assessment Program through Emergency Medical Services (CHAP-EMS)...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Danielle Mercer, Arlene Haddon, Catherine Loughlin
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations are considered complex systems that represent both formal leadership as well as more informal and shared leadership models. Implementing these models is essential for optimizing care and patient outcomes. The paramedic profession specifically, although considered informally, leads out of hospital patient care. PURPOSE: To date, few empirical studies investigate shared leadership in health care settings. In paramedicine specifically, studies of leadership are scarce, despite paramedics' essential role in leading on the front lines of care...
July 27, 2016: Health Care Management Review
David A Snowdon, Raphael Hau, Sandra G Leggat, Nicholas F Taylor
PURPOSE: To determine whether clinical supervision (CS) of health professionals improves patient safety. DATA SOURCES: Databases MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE and AMED were searched from earliest date available. Additional studies were identified by searching of reference lists and citation tracking. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently applied inclusion and exclusion criteria. Thirty-two studies across three health professions [medicine (n = 29), nursing (n = 2) and paramedicine (n = 1)] were selected...
September 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Lisa I Iezzoni, Stephen C Dorner, Toyin Ajayi
Growing increasingly short of breath late one night, Ms. E. called her health care provider’s urgent care line, anticipating that the on-call nurse practitioner would have her transported to the emergency department (ED). Over the past 6 months, Ms. E. had made many ED visits. She is 83 years old..
March 24, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Baely M Crockett, Karalea D Jasiak, Todd A Walroth, Kerri E Degenkolb, Andrew C Stevens, Carolyn M Jung
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmissions have recently gained scrutiny by health systems as a result of their high costs of care and potential for financial penalty in hospital reimbursement. Mobile-integrated health and community paramedicine (MIH-CP) programs have expanded to serve patients at high risk of hospital readmission. Pharmacists have also improved clinical outcomes for patients during in-home visits. However, pharmacists working with a MIH-CP program have not been previously described...
March 21, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Wendy J Wilcoxson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Michael R Wilcox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: EMS World
Karen T Hallam, Karen Livesay, Romana Morda, Jenny Sharples, Andi Jones, Maximilian de Courten
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) requires health students to learn with, from and about each other in order to develop a modern workforce with client-centred care at its core. Despite the client centred focus of IPE, training programs often utilize standard approaches across student cohorts without consideration of discipline, sociodemographic and personality variability that attract students to different health disciplines. Knowing the students who engage in IPE to tailor training may prove as beneficial as knowing the client to delivered individualized client centred care in interprofessional practice (IPP)...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Peter O'Meara, Christine Stirling, Michel Ruest, Angela Martin
BACKGROUND: Community paramedicine programs have emerged throughout North America and beyond in response to demographic changes and health system reform. Our aim was to identify and analyse how community paramedics create and maintain new role boundaries and identities in terms of flexibility and permeability and through this develop and frame a coherent community paramedicine model of care that distinguish the model from other innovations in paramedic service delivery. METHODS: Using an observational ethnographic case study approach, we collected data through interviews, focus groups and field observations...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Anthony Gerard Campeau
Field referral of emergency ambulance patients by paramedics on a widespread basis is a relatively new aspect of paramedicine. Its implementation involves a significant revision to paramedics' clinical responsibilities and level of interaction with medical specialists. Using grounded theory methodology, this qualitative study uses interviews with paramedics from Ontario, Canada, to explore the framing of risk associated with these referrals in the context of caring for patients with two high-stakes medical conditions: acute stroke and S-T elevation myocardial infarction...
June 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Mark H Wilson, Karel Habig, Christopher Wright, Amy Hughes, Gareth Davies, Chirstopher H E Imray
Pre-hospital care is emergency medical care given to patients before arrival in hospital after activation of emergency medical services. It traditionally incorporated a breadth of care from bystander resuscitation to statutory emergency medical services treatment and transfer. New concepts of care including community paramedicine, novel roles such as emergency care practitioners, and physician delivered pre-hospital emergency medicine are re-defining the scope of pre-hospital care. For severely ill or injured patients, acting quickly in the pre-hospital period is crucial with decisions and interventions greatly affecting outcomes...
December 19, 2015: Lancet
Angela Martin, Peter O'Meara, Jane Farmer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a community paramedicine program in rural Ontario, Canada, through the perceptions and experiences of consumers. DESIGN: An observational ethnographic approach was used to acquire qualitative data through informal discussions, semi-structured interviews and direct observation of interactions between consumers and community paramedics. SETTING: The study was conducted in rural Ontario where a community paramedicine program has been established consisting of four components: ad hoc home visiting, ageing at home, paramedic wellness clinics and community paramedic response unit...
August 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Gary Wingrove, Peter O'Meara, Michael Nolan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: EMS World
Peter O'Meara, Brian Maguire, Paul Jennings, Paul Simpson
The need for paramedicine research has been recognised internationally through efforts to develop out-of-hospital research agendas in several developed countries. Australasia has a substantial paramedicine research capacity compared to the discipline internationally and is well positioned as a potential leader in the drive towards evidence-based policy and practice in paramedicine. Our objective was to draw on international experiences to identify and recommend the best methodological approach that should be employed to develop an Australasian paramedicine research agenda...
December 15, 2015: Health Research Policy and Systems
W Tavares, S Boet
INTRODUCTION: Paramedicine is experiencing significant growth in scope of practice, autonomy, and role in the health care system. Despite clinical governance models, the degree to which paramedicine ultimately can be safe and effective will be dependent on the individuals the profession deems suited to practice. This creates an imperative for those responsible for these decisions to ensure that assessments of paramedic competence are indeed accurate, trustworthy, and defensible. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore and synthesize relevant theoretical foundations and literature informing best practices in performance-based assessment (PBA) of competence, as it might be applied to paramedicine, for design or evaluation of assessment programs...
February 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Mike Rubin
As community paramedicine and other nonemergent initiatives become commonplace in EMS, caregivers are going to need communication skills that go beyond SAMPLE checklists. A minimalist approach to dialogue with patients, considered preferred if not essential in what was once almost exclusively a light-and-sirens environment, isn't acceptable when prehospital interventions require a thorough understanding not only of chief complaints, but also how the physical part of illness and injury is framed by the patient's environment...
October 2015: EMS World
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