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Marriage and Family Therapy

Mathew C Withers, Jamila E Reynolds, Kayla Reed, Kendal Holtrop
Despite the considerable resources allocated to research to promote public health, interventions capable of benefiting individuals and families are not finding their way into regular practice. An important avenue for addressing this problem is through dissemination and implementation (D&I) science, a burgeoning research area focusing on translating empirical knowledge into everyday practice. This article begins by suggesting ways in which MFTs are uniquely equipped to contribute to and benefit from D&I research...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Adrian J Blow, Eli A Karam
In this paper we argue that the therapist is a crucial change variable in psychotherapy as a whole and in couple, marital, and family therapy specifically. Therapists who work with complex systems require more skills to negotiate demanding therapy contexts. Yet, little is known about what differentiates effective couple, marital, and family therapists from those who are less effective, what innate therapy skills they possess, how they learn, and how they operationalize their knowledge in the therapy room. We discuss the need to emphasize evidence based therapists (as opposed to therapies), and implications of the importance of the role therapists for training, practice, research priorities, and policy...
September 30, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
E Bukhari, F Alaklobi, H Bakheet, A Alrabiaah, F Alotibi, F Aljobair, M Alshamrani, E Alaki, F Alnahdi, A Alodyani, F Alzamil
OBJECTIVE: The bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccine is administered worldwide to prevent tuberculosis. Although, Post BCG vaccination complications like disseminated BCG infections are rare and immunocompromised children are at high risk of developing BCG-related complications including BCG-lymphadenitis and other disseminated diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of children who developed disseminated BCG after vaccination who were admitted in three tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in the year 2015...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Fred P Piercy, Ryan M Earl, Renu K Aldrich, Hoa N Nguyen, Sarah M Steelman, Emily Haugen, Dana Riger, Ruvi T Tsokodayi, Jamie West, Yesim Keskin, Emily Gary
Marriage and family therapy educators increasingly emphasize training competencies. What we know less about is what makes family therapy education meaningful to marriage and family therapy (MFT) graduate students and what does not. In this study, through an Internet survey, we explored the most and least meaningful learning experiences of 68 MFT graduate students and recent graduates of Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education-accredited programs. We used thematic analysis to identify and illustrate resulting themes, which included the importance of experiential and personal components to learning, the professor-student alliance, tying theory to practice, and the experiences of students with their clients, among others...
June 10, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Stephen P H Whiteside, Brett J Deacon, Kristen Benito, Elyse Stewart
The current study examines factors related to use of exposure therapy by clinicians who treat children with anxiety disorders. A sample of 331 therapists from a variety of backgrounds (i.e., social workers, doctoral psychologists, masters level counselors, and marriage and family therapists) completed a survey regarding use of exposure and other treatment techniques for childhood anxiety disorders, as well as beliefs about exposure and child resiliency. Although the majority of therapists endorsed a CBT orientation (81%) and use of CBT techniques, exposure therapy was rarely endorsed...
May 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Atena Dadgari, Nahid Mazloom, Mohammad Reza Heidari Firouz Abadi, Imane Bagheri
BACKGROUND: Marriage is a legal pact between a man and a woman for participating in a social life together which can play an important role in dealing with difficulties. OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to investigate the relationship between marital satisfaction and compatibility with diabetes in patients with type 2 diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study method was descriptive-correctional. The study sample included 160 diabetic patients (103 females and 57 males) who were randomly selected...
December 2015: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Elizabeth O Parker, Jennifer Chang, Volker Thomas
We examined the trends of quantitative research over the past 10 years in the Journal of Marital and Family Therapy (JMFT). Specifically, within the JMFT, we investigated the types and trends of research design and statistical analysis within the quantitative research that was published in JMFT from 2005 to 2014. We found that while the amount of peer-reviewed articles have increased over time, the percentage of quantitative research has remained constant. We discussed the types and trends of statistical analysis and the implications for clinical work and training programs in the field of marriage and family therapy...
January 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Roshini Murugupillai, Jithangi Wanigasinghe, Ravi Muniyandi, Carukshi Arambepola
PURPOSE: Social, cultural, psychological and many other factors significantly impact the lives of epileptic children and their families. Parental concerns towards their children are less known in south Asian children with epilepsy. We aimed to identify the parental concerns regarding their children and adolescents with epilepsy in Sri Lanka. METHODS: We carried out qualitative study in 3 districts of Sri Lanka, comprising 16 in-depth interviews with parents of children and adolescents with epilepsy and 3 focus group discussions with primary caregivers of epileptic children and key informants (schoolteachers, public health staffs)...
January 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
A MacDonald, K Ahring, M F Almeida, A Belanger-Quintana, N Blau, A Burlina, M Cleary, T Coskum, K Dokoupil, S Evans, F Feillet, M Giżewska, H Gokmen Ozel, A S Lotz-Havla, E Kamieńska, F Maillot, A M Lammardo, A C Muntau, A Puchwein-Schwepcke, M Robert, J C Rocha, S Santra, R Skeath, K Strączek, F K Trefz, E van Dam, M van Rijn, F van Spronsen, S Vijay
INTRODUCTION: The few published case reports of co-existent disease with phenylketonuria (PKU) are mainly genetic and familial conditions from consanguineous marriages. The clinical and demographic features of 30 subjects with PKU and co-existent conditions were described in this multi-centre, retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Diagnostic age of PKU and co-existent condition, treatment regimen, and impact of co-existent condition on blood phenylalanine (Phe) control and PKU management were reported...
December 2015: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Teri Chettiar
This essay examines how marriage relationships came to be constituted as therapeutic objects after WWII and the impact that this had on British postwar understandings of the meaning of marriage. In contrast to prevailing concerns during the interwar decades about sexual dissatisfaction as the chief impediment to marital stability, post-WWII marriage counselors and therapists framed marital harmony as dependent upon spouses' psychological maturity. An inability to sustain a stable marriage was interpreted as a sign of arrested development, most often stemming from a dysfunctional relationship with one or both parents in childhood...
August 2015: History of Psychology
Abdullah Al-Ashwal, Fahad Alnouri, Hani Sabbour, Abdulraof Al-Mahfouz, Nasreen Al-Sayed, Maryam Razzaghy-Azar, Faisal Al-Allaf, Khalid Al-Waili, Yajnavalka Banerjee, Jacques Genest, Raul D Santos, Khalid Al-Rasadi
We present clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HoFH) in the Middle East region. While guidelines are broadly applicable in Europe, in the Middle East we experience a range of confounding factors that complicate disease management to a point whereby the European guidance cannot be applied without significant modification. Specifically, for disease prevalence, the Middle East region has an established epidemic of diabetes and metabolic syndrome that can complicate treatment and mask a clinical diagnosis of HoFH...
2015: Current Vascular Pharmacology
V S Laitala, T Saarto, E K Einiö, P Martikainen, K Silventoinen
BACKGROUND: As breast cancer and its treatment are likely to interfere with traditional expectations of womanhood, it may affect marital stability. METHODS: The risk of marital dissolution was analysed with respect to diagnosis of early-stage (T1-4N0-3M0) breast cancer in a cohort of 134 435 married Finnish women followed for a median of 17.0 married years. Age, socioeconomic status, education, number of children, duration of marriage and earlier marriages were taken into account and the effects of surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and endocrine therapy were analysed separately...
July 28, 2015: British Journal of Cancer
Robert E Emery, Randy K Otto, William T O'Donohue
-Most parents who live apart negotiate custody arrangements on their own or with the help of lawyers, mediators, or other professionals. However, psychologists and other mental health professionals increasingly have become involved in evaluating children and families in custody disputes, because of the large number of separated, divorced, and never-married parents and the substantial conflict that often accompanies the breakup of a family. Theoretically, the law guides and controls child custody evaluations, but the prevailing custody standard (the "best interests of the child" test) is a vague rule that directs judges to make decisions unique to individual cases according to what will be in children's future (and undefined) best interests...
July 2005: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
John Santelli, Sanyukta Mathur, Xiaoyu Song, Tzu Jung Huang, Ying Wei, Tom Lutalo, Fred Nalugoda, Ron H Gray, David M Serwadda
BACKGROUND: Poverty, family stability, and social policies influence the ability of adolescents to attend school. Likewise, being enrolled in school may shape an adolescent's risk for HIV and pregnancy. We identified trends in school enrollment, factors predicting school enrollment (antecedents), and health risks associated with staying in or leaving school (consequences). METHODS: Data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS) were examined for adolescents 15-19 years (n=21,735 person-rounds) from 1994 to 2013...
June 2015: Global Social Welfare: Research, Policy & Practice
Ikumi Sawada, Junko Tanuma, Cuong Duy Do, Tra Thu Doan, Quynh Phuong Luu, Lan Anh Thi Nguyen, Tuong Van Thi Vu, Tuan Quang Nguyen, Naho Tsuchiya, Teiichiro Shiino, Lay-Myint Yoshida, Thanh Thuy Thi Pham, Koya Ariyoshi, Shinichi Oka
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the state of HIV transmission among married couples in Vietnam. This study aims to clarify HIV serostatus in this group and elucidate risk factors for intra-marital HIV transmission. METHODS: In 2012, we enrolled a group of HIV-positive married men registered at the HIV outpatient clinic of a referral hospital in northern Vietnam, along with their wives. Sociodemographic, behavioural and clinical data were collected from men and wives...
2015: PloS One
Amira A M Adly, Fatma Soliman El Sayed Ebeid
BACKGROUND: Cultural beliefs of Egyptians with respect to the origin of thalassemia and its prevention, as well as national resources available for care, often differ from those of Western countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of cultural attitudes and the effect of limited medical and financial resources that could affect the management of Egyptian thalassemic patients. SUBJECTS: A cross sectional study included 205 Egyptians β-thalassemia major (β-TM) patients, with a mean age of 149±87...
May 2015: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
D Russell Crane, Jacob D Christenson, Sareta M Dobbs, G Bruce Schaalje, Adam M Moore, Fu Fan Chiang Pedal, Jamie Ballard, Elaine S Marshall
Depression is one of the most common concerns that bring clients to treatment. Although marriage and family therapy has been shown to be an effective treatment, little research exists regarding the cost-effectiveness of related services. In this study, we examined claims data for 164,667 individuals diagnosed with depression to determine (a) differences in the cost of treating depression according to type of therapy and license type, (b) differences in recidivism rates by age, gender, type of therapy, and type of mental health professional, and (c) differences in cost-effectiveness by therapy modality and type of professional...
October 2013: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Jason J Platt, Tracey A Laszloffy
Topics such as national identity, patriotism, nationalism, and international issues often lead to polarization within the United States and as a result, critical dialogue about these complex topics often does not occur in a meaningful way. The lack of critical inquiry and interaction about these topics is manifest at the macro and the micro level, including within the context of marriage and family therapy training and practice. While the field of MFT has devoted greater attention to addressing issues of diversity in recent years, limited attention has been focused on examining nationality and nationalism...
October 2013: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Mahboobeh Shirazi, Ezzat Abbariki, Reihaneh Pirjani, Setareh Akhavan, Ebrahim Dastgerdy
Isotretinoin is a drug used for treating severe cystic/nodular acne. Severe malformations have been documented in neonates whose mothers had taken isotretinoin during pregnancy. Women who became pregnant one cycle after completing therapy are believed to be at teratogenic risk not higher than baseline. We describe the case of a newborn whose mother had taken the drug for 4 weeks. The woman then had contraception for 4 weeks (after the drug treatment had finished), and became pregnant after that period. The newborn had isolated bilateral microtia due to suspected isotretinoin exposure...
June 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Keeley J Pratt, Elizabeth Palmer, Jaclyn D Cravens, Megan Ferriby, Elizabeth Balk, Yin Cai
Discrimination based on an individual's weight has been observed in health care, education, retail, and other public sectors (Puhl & Huer, Obesity, 17, 941, 2007). Such inequity, known as "weight bias," generates negative short-term and long-term consequences for the individuals that experience it (Puhl & Brownell, Weight bias in health care settings, 2007). Past research has shown that healthcare trainees exhibit weight bias (Phelan et al., Obesity, 22, 1201, 2014; Wigton & McGaghie, Journal of General Internal Medicine, 16, 262, 2001), yet little focus is given to weight bias in marriage and family therapy (MFT) education...
April 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
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