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Mind-Body Connection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552561/of-microbes-and-minds-a-narrative-review-on-the-second-brain-aging
#1
REVIEW
Riccardo Calvani, Anna Picca, Maria Rita Lo Monaco, Francesco Landi, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
In recent years, an extensive body of literature focused on the gut-brain axis and the possible role played by the gut microbiota in modulating brain morphology and function from birth to old age. Gut microbiota has been proposed as a relevant player during the early phases of neurodevelopment, with possible long-standing effects in later life. The reduction in gut microbiota diversity has also become one of the hallmarks of aging, and disturbances in its composition are associated with several (age-related) neurological conditions, including depression, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542330/revealing-the-neural-mechanisms-underlying-the-beneficial-effects-of-tai-chi-a-neuroimaging-perspective
#2
Angus P Yu, Bjorn T Tam, Christopher W Lai, Doris S Yu, Jean Woo, Ka-Fai Chung, Stanley S Hui, Justina Y Liu, Gao X Wei, Parco M Siu
Tai Chi Chuan (TCC), a traditional Chinese martial art, is well-documented to result in beneficial consequences in physical and mental health. TCC is regarded as a mind-body exercise that is comprised of physical exercise and meditation. Favorable effects of TCC on body balance, gait, bone mineral density, metabolic parameters, anxiety, depression, cognitive function, and sleep have been previously reported. However, the underlying mechanisms explaining the effects of TCC remain largely unclear. Recently, advances in neuroimaging technology have offered new investigative opportunities to reveal the effects of TCC on anatomical morphologies and neurological activities in different regions of the brain...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525680/i-see-neither-your-fear-nor-your-sadness-interoception-in-adolescents
#3
Eleana Georgiou, Sandra Mai, Katya C Fernandez, Olga Pollatos
Interoception describes the mapping of the body's internal landscape and has been connected to greater intensity of emotional experience. The goal of the current study was to explore the relationship between interoception and emotion face recognition in healthy adolescents. The heartbeat perception task was used to assess interoceptive accuracy(IAC) and participants were asked to recognize different facial expressions. EEG activity was recorded, providing data for the P100, the N170 and the P300 ERP components...
April 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489889/being-aware-of-the-painful-body-validation-of-the-german-body-awareness-questionnaire-and-body-responsiveness-questionnaire-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#4
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Jennifer Daubenmier, Wolf Mehling, Arndt Büssing, Felix J Saha, Gustav Dobos, Stephanie A Shields
Body awareness is an attentional focus on and awareness of internal body sensations. This study aimed to validate German versions of the Body Awareness Questionnaire (BAQ) and the Body Responsiveness Questionnaire (BRQ) in chronic pain patients and to assess their associations with pain-related variables and to assess their responsiveness to intervention. The instruments were translated to German and administered to 512 chronic pain patients (50.3±11.4 years, 91.6% female) to assess their factor structure and reliability...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446032/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-joint-hypermobility-related-disorders-and-pain-expanding-body-mind-connections-to-the-developmental-age
#5
REVIEW
Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Lorenzo Sinibaldi, Marco Castori
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and generalized joint hypermobility (JH) are two separated conditions, assessed, and managed by different specialists without overlapping interests. Recently, some researchers highlighted an unexpected association between these two clinical entities. This happens in a scenario of increasing awareness on the protean detrimental effects that congenital anomalies of the connective tissue may have on human health and development. To review pertinent literature to identify possible connections between ADHD and GJH, special emphasis was put on musculoskeletal pain and syndromic presentations of GJH, particularly the hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome...
February 14, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383592/prayer-a-helpful-aid-in-recovery-from-depression
#6
Kirk A Johnson
Depression is a growing issue within the field of medicine. It negatively impacts individuals' lives and the people they are most connected to. For decades, medical professionals have been searching for solutions to assist those who are suffering from this illness. The use of drugs has not been a sufficient means of treatment to alleviate depression and its symptoms. There is a dire need to expand therapeutic interventions that can attribute meaningful recovery for victims of depression. One means of positive treatment is the use of prayer...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320877/-i-m-still-me-i-m-still-here-understanding-the-person-s-sense-of-self-in-the-provision-of-self-management-support-for-people-with-progressive-neurological-long-term-conditions
#7
Stefan Tino Kulnik, Lucinda Hollinshead, Fiona Jones
PURPOSE: There is increasing interest in tailoring self-management support, but little detail is available on the relevance and impact of such approaches for people with progressive neurological conditions. The aim of this study was to draw on individuals' experiences to inform the practice of self-management support for these groups. METHOD: Community rehabilitation service users were purposively recruited and took part in in-depth qualitative interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed...
January 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208478/pilot-testing-of-a-brief-couple-based-mind-body-intervention-for-patients-with-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-their-partners
#8
Kathrin Milbury, Rosalinda Engle, Anne Tsao, Zhongxing Liao, April Owens, Alejandro Chaoul, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
CONTEXT: Given the generally incurable nature of metastatic lung cancer, patients and their spouses/partners are at risk for psychological and spiritual distress. To address this concern, we developed a couple-based mind-body (CBMB) intervention. OBJECTIVES: This formative research aimed at examining the intervention's acceptability and initial efficacy in patients with metastatic lung cancer undergoing treatment and their spouses. METHODS: Intervention content evaluation sessions and an ensuing single-arm trial were conducted...
March 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206152/connecting-the-mind-body-split-understanding-the-relationship-between-symptoms-and-emotional-well-being-in-chronic-pain-and-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Line Caes, Alex Orchard, Deborah Christie
Paediatric chronic conditions, e.g., chronic pain and functional gastrointestinal disorders, are commonly diagnosed, with fatigue, pain and abdominal discomfort the most frequently reported symptoms across conditions. Regardless of whether symptoms are connected to an underlying medical diagnosis or not, they are often associated with an increased experience of psychological distress by both the ill child and their parents. While pain and embarrassing symptoms can induce increased distress, evidence is also accumulating in support of a reciprocal relationship between pain and distress...
December 5, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057708/characteristics-of-attention-related-body-sensations-temporal-stability-and-associations-with-measures-of-body-focus-affect-sustained-attention-and-heart-rate-variability
#10
Benedek T Tihanyi, Eszter Ferentzi, Ferenc Köteles
AIM: This study investigated the temporal stability and correlates of attention-related body sensations that emerge without external stimulation during rest and due to focused attention on a body part. MATERIALS: To assess attention-related body sensations, participants were asked to focus on a freely chosen body area with closed eyes, and had to report whether the sensation of that area had changed. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess various aspects of body focus (body awareness, body responsiveness, somatosensory amplification, subjective somatic symptoms), and positive and negative affectivity...
October 23, 2017: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030410/shame-and-the-vulnerable-self-in-medical-contexts-the-compassionate-solution
#11
Paul Gilbert
Shame is a powerful experience that plays a vital role in a whole range of aspects of the clinical encounter. Shame experiences can have an impact on our psychological and physiological state and on how we experience ourselves, others and our relationships. The medical encounter is an obvious arena for shame because we are presenting (aspects of) our bodies and minds that can be seen as unattractive and undesirable, diseased, decayed and injured with the various excretions that typically might invite disgust...
December 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028803/scale-of-body-connection-a-multi-sample-construct-validation-study
#12
Cynthia J Price, Elaine Adams Thompson, Sunny Chieh Cheng
The Scale of Body Connection (SBC) was created to address the need for a self-report measure to examine body awareness and bodily dissociation in mind-body research. Developed in the U.S.A., it has been translated into many languages and tested for validity of scale translation. The burgeoning of mind-body research and the widespread use of the SBC scale underscored the need for critical assessment of the instrument's measurement properties. Thus, a broader evaluation of the SBC was designed using large samples from eight international, cross-sectional studies drawn from community (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983518/evidence-for-a-large-scale-brain-system-supporting-allostasis-and-interoception-in-humans
#13
Ian R Kleckner, Jiahe Zhang, Alexandra Touroutoglou, Lorena Chanes, Chenjie Xia, W Kyle Simmons, Karen S Quigley, Bradford C Dickerson, Lisa Feldman Barrett
Large-scale intrinsic brain systems have been identified for exteroceptive senses (e.g., sight, hearing, touch). We introduce an analogous system for representing sensations from within the body, called interoception, and demonstrate its relation to regulating peripheral systems in the body, called allostasis. Employing the recently introduced Embodied Predictive Interoception Coding (EPIC) model, we used tract-tracing studies of macaque monkeys, followed by two intrinsic functional magnetic resonance imaging samples (N = 280 and N = 270) to evaluate the existence of an intrinsic allostatic/interoceptive system in the human brain...
2017: Nature Human Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970107/neural-network-integration-during-the-perception-of-in-group-and-out-group-members
#14
Inez M Greven, Richard Ramsey
Group biases guide social interactions by promoting in-group favouritism, but the neural mechanisms underpinning group biases remain unclear. While neuroscience research has shown that distributed brain circuits are associated with seeing in-group and out-group members as "us" and "them", it is less clear how these networks exchange signals. This fMRI study uses functional connectivity analyses to investigate the contribution of functional integration to group bias modulation of person perception. Participants were assigned to an arbitrary group and during scanning they observed bodies of in-group or out-group members that cued the recall of positive or negative social knowledge...
September 29, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956638/physiological-and-psychological-correlates-of%C3%A2-attention-related-body-sensations-tingling%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-warmth
#15
B T Tihanyi, F Köteles
Body sensations play an essential role in the subjective evaluation of our physical health, illness, and healing. They are impacted by peripheral somatic and external processes, but they are also heavily modulated by mental processes, e.g., attention, motor control, and emotion. Body sensations, such as tingling, numbness, pulse, and warmth, can emerge due to simply focusing attention on a body part. It is however an open question, if these sensations are connected with actual peripheral changes or happen "only in the mind...
September 1, 2017: Physiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953796/the-magic-of-caressing-the-mind-by-touching-the-body-take-care-of-depression-face-up-to-cancer-a-new-frontier-of-psycho-oncology
#16
Maria Grazia Spurio
BACKGROUND: The new frontier of research in all areas that deal with health and wellness (medicine, psychotherapy, personal care in general) sees the increase of projects in which the individual is center-placed, as a whole, in a holistic view. The mind and the body are inseparable, as in a circularity and recursivity unique for each individual (Spurio, M.G., 2015). The results of the most innovative research would seem to suggest, therefore, that a state of psychological distress or depression, is often related to physiological problems, from physical discomfort in general up to illnesses such as cancer...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859421/evidence-and-feasibility-of-implementing-an-integrated-wellness-program-in-northeast-georgia
#17
Amber Flanigan, Trina Salm Ward
Evidence for the connection between physical and mental health is growing, as is interest in providing a holistic, mind-body approach to improving mental health and wellness. A needs assessment in northeast Georgia identified several regional health priorities, including mental health and substance abuse, access to care, and cardiovascular health. The study's purpose is threefold: to (1) review evidence for integrated mind-body wellness services, (2) explore the feasibility of implementing wellness services in a small mental health agency serving northeast Georgia, and (3) conduct a brief survey assessing interest in a wellness program...
August 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858268/fitness-fatness-and-active-school-commuting-among-liverpool-schoolchildren
#18
Robert J Noonan, Lynne M Boddy, Zoe R Knowles, Stuart J Fairclough
This study investigated differences in health outcomes between active and passive school commuters, and examined associations between parent perceptions of the neighborhood environment and active school commuting (ASC). One hundred-ninety-four children (107 girls), aged 9-10 years from ten primary schools in Liverpool, England, participated in this cross-sectional study. Measures of stature, body mass, waist circumference and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were taken. School commute mode (active/passive) was self-reported and parents completed the neighborhood environment walkability scale for youth...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776661/mind-brain-and-body-healing-trauma-the-way-forward
#19
Margaret Wilkinson
The paper explores an interdisciplinary whole person approach to healing from trauma that conserves our rich inheritance from Jung but also takes on board insights from research in the areas of attachment, trauma and the neurobiology of emotion. It is now over 20 years since insights from neurobiology began to be used to inform clinical practice. The paper reviews key insights which have emerged, along with the ways they enable therapists to help mind, brain and body to heal and the ways in which they clarify why, in clinical practice, we do what we do...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759093/functional-somatic-syndrome-assessment-and-management
#20
Christopher J Graver
Functional somatic syndrome (FSS) occurs in as many as 30% of patients in general medical practice, but it is infrequently a topic of formal instruction. Many physicians feel uncomfortable with medically unexplained symptoms and are unfamiliar with how to assess or manage them. Traditional medical approaches can be ineffective and can contribute to iatrogenic or adverse physiologic effects in patients. Physicians treating patients with FSS should not only consider standard medical tests, but they should also try to gain a deeper behavioral understanding of the mind-body connections that underlie the presenting symptoms...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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