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Auditory working memory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319009/cognitive-function-predicts-listening-effort-performance-during-complex-tasks-in-normally-aging-adults
#1
Jennine Harvey, Deborah von Hapsburg, Scott Seeman
PURPOSE: This study examines whether cognitive function, as measured by the subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson III (WCJ-III) assessment, predicts listening-effort performance during dual tasks across the adults of varying ages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 14 listeners (number of females = 11) who were 41-61 years old [mean = 53.18; standard deviation (SD) = 5.97]. Group 2 consisted of 15 listeners (number of females = 9) who were 63-81 years old (mean = 72...
November 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317248/cognitive-decline-and-increased-hippocampal-p-tau-expression-in-mice-with-hearing-loss
#2
So Young Park, Min Jung Kim, Hong Lim Kim, Dong Kee Kim, Sang Won Yeo, Shi Nae Park
Hearing and cognition are commonly involved in both normal and pathological aging. Current clinical interest lies in whether peripheral hearing loss promotes cognitive decline. In our previous publication, the authors have shown a causal relationship between hearing and cognitive impairments in C57BL/6 mice. Here we extended the follow-up to 12 months to determine the long-term effects of hearing loss on cognition and to observe hippocampal p-tau and lipofuscin. One month old male mice were randomly allocated into two groups, the control (n = 12) and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) (n = 12)...
January 6, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316819/hearing-aid-noise-suppression-and-working-memory-function
#3
Tobias Neher, Kirsten C Wagener, Rosa-Linde Fischer
OBJECTIVE: Research findings concerning the relation between benefit from hearing aid (HA) noise suppression and working memory function are inconsistent. The current study thus investigated the effects of three noise suppression algorithms on auditory working memory and the relation with reading span. DESIGN: Using a computer simulation of bilaterally fitted HAs, four settings were tested: (1) unprocessed, (2) directional microphones, (3) single-channel noise reduction, and (4) binaural coherence-based noise reduction...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306113/the-effect-of-tablet-containing-boswellia-serrata-and-melisa-officinalis-extract-on-older-adults-memory-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Mohsen Taghizadeh, Farzaneh Maghaminejad, Mohammad Aghajani, Malihe Rahmani, Mohaddese Mahboubi
BACKGROUND: Memory deficits and age-related memory loss are currently two significant concerns in older adults. In Iranian herbal medicine, there are some prescriptions for memory improvement. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the effect of tablet containing Boswellia serrata (BS) extract and Mellisa officinalis (MO) extract on memory of the older adults. METHOD: This is a randomized, parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial that performed among 70 older adults who referred to healthcare centers of Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Iran...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304447/dyslexia-as-a-multi-deficit-disorder-working-memory-and-auditory-temporal-processing
#5
Leah Fostick, Hadas Revah
Dyslexia is difficulty in acquiring reading skills despite adequate intelligence and sufficient reading opportunities. Its origin is still under debate. Studies usually focus on a singular cause for dyslexia; however, some researchers argue that dyslexia reflects multiple deficits. Two of the abilities under investigation in dyslexia are working memory (WM) and auditory temporal processing (ATP). In order to better evaluate the relative roles of WM and ATP in dyslexia, in the present study, we tested the contribution of WM and ATP to different types of reading performance and phonological awareness in dyslexia, using a multidimensional approach...
January 2, 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297273/circulating-levels-of-interleukin-17a-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-interleukin-18-interleukin-10-and-cognitive-performance-of-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Anastasiya G Trenova, Georgi S Slavov, Milena N Draganova-Filipova, Nonka G Mateva, Mariya G Manova, Lyuba D Miteva, Spaska A Stanilova
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with cytokine imbalance and high rate (40-70%) of cognitive impairment. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-18, IL-10, and cognitive performance in patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). Methods The study comprised 159 patients with RRMS (mean age 40.08 ± 8.48 years) in remission phase and 86 age-, gender-, and education-matched healthy controls...
January 3, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289617/the-anterior-ventrolateral-temporal-lobe-contributes-to-boosting-visual-working-memory-capacity-for-items-carrying-semantic-information
#7
Rocco Chiou, Matthew A Lambon Ralph
Working memory (WM) is a buffer that temporarily maintains information, be it visual or auditory, in an active state, caching its contents for online rehearsal or manipulation. How the brain enables long-term semantic knowledge to affect the WM buffer is a theoretically significant issue awaiting further investigation. In the present study, we capitalise on the knowledge about famous individuals as a 'test-case' to study how it impinges upon WM capacity for human faces and its neural substrate. Using continuous theta-burst transcranial stimulation combined with a psychophysical task probing WM storage for varying contents, we provide compelling evidence that (1) faces (regardless of familiarity) continued to accrue in the WM buffer with longer encoding time, whereas for meaningless stimuli (colour shades) there was little increment; (2) the rate of WM accrual was significantly more efficient for famous faces, compared to unknown faces; (3) the right anterior-ventrolateral temporal lobe (ATL) causally mediated this superior WM storage for famous faces...
December 28, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285603/dual-task-automatization-the-key-role-of-sensory-motor-modality-compatibility
#8
François Maquestiaux, Eric Ruthruff, Alexis Defer, Stéphane Ibrahime
How do people automatize their dual-task performance through bottleneck bypassing (i.e., accomplish parallel processing of the central stages of two tasks)? In the present work we addressed this question, evaluating the impact of sensory-motor modality compatibility-the similarity in modality between the stimulus and the consequences of the response. We hypothesized that incompatible sensory-motor modalities (e.g., visual-vocal) create conflicts within modality-specific working memory subsystems, and therefore predicted that tasks producing such conflicts would be performed less automatically after practice...
December 28, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276638/the-effect-of-various-hot-environments-on-physiological-responses-and-information-processing-performance-following-firefighting-activities-in-a-smoke-diving-room
#9
Rasoul Hemmatjo, Majid Motamedzade, Mohsen Aliabadi, Omid Kalatpour, Maryam Farhadian
Background: Fire service workers often implement multiple duties in the emergency conditions, with such duties being mostly conducted in various ambient temperatures. Methods: The aim of the current study was to assess the firefighters' physiological responses, information processing, and working memory prior to and following simulated firefighting activities in three different hot environments. Seventeen healthy male firefighters performed simulated firefighting tasks in three separate conditions, namely (1) low heat (LH; 29-31°C, 55-60% relative humidity), (2) moderate heat (MH; 32-34°C, 55-60% relative humidity), and (3) severe heat (SH; 35-37°C, 55-60% relative humidity)...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250017/-when-music-speaks-auditory-cortex-morphology-as-a-neuroanatomical-marker-of-language-aptitude-and-musicality
#10
Sabrina Turker, Susanne M Reiterer, Annemarie Seither-Preisler, Peter Schneider
Recent research has shown that the morphology of certain brain regions may indeed correlate with a number of cognitive skills such as musicality or language ability. The main aim of the present study was to explore the extent to which foreign language aptitude, in particular phonetic coding ability, is influenced by the morphology of Heschl's gyrus (HG; auditory cortex), working memory capacity, and musical ability. In this study, the auditory cortices of German-speaking individuals (N = 30; 13 males/17 females; aged 20-40 years) with high and low scores in a number of language aptitude tests were compared...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249958/unlocking-neurocognitive-substrates-of-late-life-affective-symptoms-using-the-research-domain-criteria-worry-is-an-essential-dimension
#11
Sherry A Beaudreau, Nathan C Hantke, Nehjla Mashal, Christine E Gould, Victor W Henderson, Ruth O'Hara
While investigations have sought to identify the distinct and shared contributions of anxiety and depression to neurocognitive processes in late life, less is known regarding the further contribution of worry, a unique and critical dimension of affective dysregulation. Capturing the full range of symptoms, as inspired by the NIH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC), may provide finer-grained information on inter-relationships among worry, anxiety and depression on neurocognitive processing in later life. The objective of this study was to determine if the dimensional trait of worry intensifies known negative associations of dimensional measures of anxiety and depressive symptoms with neurocognitive processes, specifically cognitive control and memory processes...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249546/sustained-frontal-midline-theta-enhancements-during-effortful-listening-track-working-memory-demands
#12
Matthew G Wisniewski, Nandini Iyer, Eric R Thompson, Brian D Simpson
Recent studies demonstrate that frontal midline theta power (4-8 Hz) enhancements in the electroencephalogram (EEG) relate to effortful listening. It has been proposed that these enhancements reflect working memory demands. Here, the need to retain auditory information in working memory was manipulated in a 2-interval 2-alternative forced-choice delayed pitch discrimination task ("Which interval contained the higher pitch?"). On each trial, two square wave stimuli differing in pitch at an individual's ∼70...
November 27, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236073/reduced-educational-outcomes-persist-into-adolescence-following-mild-iodine-deficiency-in-utero-despite-adequacy-in-childhood-15-year-follow-up-of-the-gestational-iodine-cohort-investigating-auditory-processing-speed-and-working-memory
#13
Kristen L Hynes, Petr Otahal, John R Burgess, Wendy H Oddy, Ian Hay
There is increasing evidence that even mild gestational iodine deficiency (GID) results in adverse neurocognitive impacts on offspring. It's unclear, however, if these persist long-term and whether they can be ameliorated by iodine sufficiency in childhood. We followed a unique cohort (Gestational Iodine Cohort, n = 266) where gestation occurred during a period of mild population iodine deficiency, with children subsequently growing-up in an iodine replete environment. We investigated whether associations between mild GID and reductions in literacy outcomes, observed at age 9-years, persisted into adolescence...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218024/impact-of-spatial-and-verbal-short-term-memory-load-on-auditory-spatial-attention-gradients
#14
Edward J Golob, Jenna Winston, Jeffrey R Mock
Short-term memory load can impair attentional control, but prior work shows that the extent of the effect ranges from being very general to very specific. One factor for the mixed results may be reliance on point estimates of memory load effects on attention. Here we used auditory attention gradients as an analog measure to map-out the impact of short-term memory load over space. Verbal or spatial information was maintained during an auditory spatial attention task and compared to no-load. Stimuli were presented from five virtual locations in the frontal azimuth plane, and subjects focused on the midline...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213506/symptoms-of-depression-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Ana Lara Soares Blum Malak, Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, João Santos Pereira, Denise Vieira Greca, Manuela Cruz, Heloisa Veiga Dias Alves, Mariana Sptiz, Helenice Charchat-Fichman
Objective: To investigate the most frequent depressive symptoms and their association with cognition in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: 48 patients with PD and 44 controls (CG), aged between 50 and 80 years and with at least 4 years of formal education, all with MCI and none diagnosed with depression, were assessed. Patients and controls were matched for age, education, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205095/lexical-access-ability-and-cognitive-predictors-of-speech-recognition-in-noise-in-adult-cochlear-implant-users
#16
Marre W Kaandorp, Cas Smits, Paul Merkus, Joost M Festen, S Theo Goverts
Not all of the variance in speech-recognition performance of cochlear implant (CI) users can be explained by biographic and auditory factors. In normal-hearing listeners, linguistic and cognitive factors determine most of speech-in-noise performance. The current study explored specifically the influence of visually measured lexical-access ability compared with other cognitive factors on speech recognition of 24 postlingually deafened CI users. Speech-recognition performance was measured with monosyllables in quiet (consonant-vowel-consonant [CVC]), sentences-in-noise (SIN), and digit-triplets in noise (DIN)...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202656/clinical-and-cognitive-significance-of-auditory-sensory-processing-deficits-in-schizophrenia
#17
Holly K Hamilton, Terrance J Williams, Joseph Ventura, Leland J Jasperse, Emily M Owens, Gregory A Miller, Kenneth L Subotnik, Keith H Nuechterlein, Cindy M Yee
OBJECTIVE: Although patients with schizophrenia exhibit impaired suppression of the P50 event-related brain potential in response to the second of two identical auditory stimuli during a paired-stimulus paradigm, uncertainty remains over whether this deficit in inhibitory gating of auditory sensory processes has relevance for patients' clinical symptoms or cognitive performance. The authors examined associations between P50 suppression deficits and several core features of schizophrenia to address this gap...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198217/what-does-it-take-to-search-organized-the-cognitive-correlates-of-search-organization-during-cancellation-after-stroke
#18
Antonia F Ten Brink, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Tanja C W Nijboer
OBJECTIVES: Stroke could lead to deficits in organization of visual search. Cancellation tests are frequently used in standard neuropsychological assessment and appear suitable to measure search organization. The current aim was to evaluate which cognitive functions are associated with cancellation organization measures after stroke. METHODS: Stroke patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation were included in this retrospective study. We performed exploratory factor analyses to explore cognitive domains...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186179/nonword-repetition-in-adults-who-stutter-the-effects-of-stimuli-stress-and-auditory-orthographic-cues
#19
Geoffrey A Coalson, Courtney T Byrd
PURPOSE: Adults who stutter (AWS) are less accurate in their immediate repetition of novel phonological sequences compared to adults who do not stutter (AWNS). The present study examined whether manipulation of the following two aspects of traditional nonword repetition tasks unmask distinct weaknesses in phonological working memory in AWS: (1) presentation of stimuli with less-frequent stress patterns, and (2) removal of auditory-orthographic cues immediately prior to response. METHOD: Fifty-two participants (26 AWS, 26 AWNS) produced 12 bisyllabic nonwords in the presence of corresponding auditory-orthographic cues (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186146/auditory-and-cognitive-performance-in-elderly-musicians-and-nonmusicians
#20
Massimo Grassi, Chiara Meneghetti, Enrico Toffalini, Erika Borella
Musicians represent a model for examining brain and behavioral plasticity in terms of cognitive and auditory profile, but few studies have investigated whether elderly musicians have better auditory and cognitive abilities than nonmusicians. The aim of the present study was to examine whether being a professional musician attenuates the normal age-related changes in hearing and cognition. Elderly musicians still active in their profession were compared with nonmusicians on auditory performance (absolute threshold, frequency intensity, duration and spectral shape discrimination, gap and sinusoidal amplitude-modulation detection), and on simple (short-term memory) and more complex and higher-order (working memory [WM] and visuospatial abilities) cognitive tasks...
2017: PloS One
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