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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642409/squamous-cell-carcinoma-antigen-2-scca2-serpinb4-an-emerging-biomarker-for-skin-inflammatory-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Kenji Izuhara, Yukie Yamaguchi, Shoichiro Ohta, Satoshi Nunomura, Yasuhiro Nanri, Yoshinori Azuma, Noriko Nomura, Yasuhiko Noguchi, Michiko Aihara
Squamous cell carcinoma antigens 1 and 2 (SCCA1 and 2, SERPIN B3 and B4), members of the ovalbumin serpin (ov-serpin)/clade B serpin family, were originally discovered as tumor-specific antigens and are used as tumor markers for various kinds of squamous cell carcinomas. Recently, our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of how SCCA1/2 enhance tumor growth has greatly increased. Moreover, it has been shown that SCCA1/2 are involved in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases: asthma, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis (AD)...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626633/serum-lipoproteins-are-not-associated-with-the-severity-of-asthma
#2
Federica Scaduto, Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Alida Benfante, Dragana Nikolic, Giuseppe Montalto, Manfredi Rizzo, Nicola Scichilone
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the bronchi with a complicated and largely unknown pathogenesis. In this context, an emerging role is attributed to the apolipoproteins which serve as structural components of plasma lipoproteins. Low density lipoproteins (LDL) may be involved in the inflammatory pathways of the asthmatic airways; in particular, small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles were associated with increased oxidative susceptibility compared to medium and large sized LDL...
April 4, 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625590/guideline-on-management-of-the-acute-asthma-attack-in-children-by-italian-society-of-pediatrics
#3
REVIEW
Luciana Indinnimeo, Elena Chiappini, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice
BACKGROUND: Acute asthma attack is a frequent condition in children. It is one of the most common reasons for emergency department (ED) visit and hospitalization. Appropriate care is fundamental, considering both the high prevalence of asthma in children, and its life-threatening risks. Italian Society of Pediatrics recently issued a guideline on the management of acute asthma attack in children over age 2, in ambulatory and emergency department settings. METHODS: The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology was adopted...
April 6, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624458/burden-of-asthma-among-patients-adherent-to-ics-laba-a-real-world-study
#4
Jill Davis, Frank Trudo, James Siddall, Mark Small
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition with a U.S. prevalence of 7.4%. Despite numerous treatment options, asthma remains poorly controlled in some patients. Uncontrolled asthma is associated with high healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) and reduced productivity. This study assessed symptoms, productivity, and HCRU of patients adherent to medium/high-dosage inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting beta2-agonist (ICS/LABA) treatment, and the relationship of asthma control with these parameters...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622380/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-single-ascending-dose-study-to-assess-the-safety-tolerability-pharmacokinetics-and-immunogenicity-of-subcutaneous-tralokinumab-in-japanese-healthy-volunteers
#5
Paul Baverel, Dewei She, Edward Piper, Shinya Ueda, Tomoko Yoshioka, Raffaella Faggioni, Hakop Gevorkyan
Tralokinumab is a human monoclonal antibody in clinical development for asthma and atopic dermatitis that specifically neutralizes interleukin-13. This phase I, single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, single ascending-dose study assessed the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and immunogenicity of subcutaneous tralokinumab (150, 300, or 600 mg) in thirty healthy Japanese adults. The most frequent treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) in all treatment groups was injection-site pain. The frequency and severity of TEAEs was similar across tralokinumab doses...
December 12, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611001/eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-newer-therapies
#6
REVIEW
Erika P Navarro-Mendoza, Gabriel J Tobón
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a systemic disseminated vasculitis associated with extravascular granulomas in patients suffering from asthma and tissue eosinophilia. Current therapies to achieve remission and prevent relapse include glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants like cyclophosphamide. RECENT FINDINGS: With the right treatment, clinical prognosis is favorable, so concerted efforts have been made in recent years to find new alternatives for treating severe EGPA...
April 2, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608145/intraperitoneal-glucose-tolerance-test-measurement-of-lung-function-and-fixation-of-the-lung-to-study-the-impact-of-obesity-and-impaired-metabolism-on-pulmonary-outcomes
#7
Katharina Dinger, Jasmine Mohr, Christina Vohlen, Dharmesh Hirani, Eva Hucklenbruch-Rother, Regina Ensenauer, Jörg Dötsch, Miguel A Alejandre Alcazar
Obesity and respiratory disorders are major health problems. Obesity is becoming an emerging epidemic with an expected number of over 1 billion obese individuals worldwide by 2030, thus representing a growing socioeconomic burden. Simultaneously, obesity-related comorbidities, including diabetes as well as heart and chronic lung diseases, are continuously on the rise. Although obesity has been associated with increased risk for asthma exacerbations, worsening of respiratory symptoms, and poor control, the functional role of obesity and perturbed metabolism in the pathogenesis of chronic lung disease is often underestimated, and underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595345/respira-project-humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-asthma-in-brazil
#8
Jose Eduardo Delfini Cançado, Marcio Penha, Shaloo Gupta, Vicky W Li, Guilherme Silva Julian, Eloisa de Sá Moreira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of asthma on health-related quality of life (QoL), productivity, and use of healthcare resources among adults in Brazil. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2015 Brazil National Health and Wellness Survey, a cross-sectional survey with 12,000 adult respondents. Asthma and control groups were compared with respect to health-related QoL, asthma control, work productivity, and adherence. Generalized linear models were developed to compare asthma-related associations controlling for potential confounding factors...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582249/fluticasone-propionate-salmeterol-mdpi-airduo-respiclick-%C3%A2-a-review-in-asthma
#9
Julia Paik, Lesley J Scott, Roy A Pleasants
The novel, easy-to-use, breath-actuated fluticasone propionate/salmeterol multidose dry powder inhaler (MDPI) (AirDuo RespiClick® ) was recently approved in the USA for twice-daily treatment of asthma in patients aged ≥ 12 years. This inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and long-acting β2 -adrenoreceptor agonist (LABA) combination treatment is available in low-, mid- and high-dosage formulations (55/14, 113/14 and 232/14 μg, respectively). In 12-week, phase III trials in patients aged ≥ 12 years with persistent asthma, all three dosages of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI treatment produced significant improvements in lung function and other asthma symptoms compared with fluticasone propionate MDPI monotherapy or placebo MDPI...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579763/homeopathy-for-perennial-asthma-in-adolescents-pilot-feasibility-study-testing-a-randomised-withdrawal-design
#10
Livia Mitchiguian Hotta, Ubiratan Cardinalli Adler, Amarilys de Toledo Cesar, Edson Zangiacomi Martinez, Marcelo Marcos Piva Demarzo
INTRODUCTION:  Previous findings from a pragmatic trial suggest that usual care compared with usual care plus individualised homeopathy is not a feasible design to address homeopathic interventions for asthma. OBJECTIVE:  The main purpose of this article was to investigate the feasibility of the randomised withdrawal design as a strategy to assess the effectiveness of a standardised clinical-pharmaceutical homeopathic protocol ( Organon.modus ) on perennial asthma in adolescents...
March 26, 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573024/barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-asthma-in-adolescents-an-interview-study-to-inform-development-of-a-novel-intervention
#11
Simone Holley, Dawn Walker, Rebecca Knibb, Sue Latter, Christina Liossi, Frances Mitchell, Ruth Radley, Graham Roberts
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite literature that spans twenty years describing the barriers to asthma self-management in adolescents, successful, clinically-based interventions to address this important issue are lacking. Given the limitations of some of the previous studies, we conducted a study that aimed to gain a broader insight into barriers and facilitators to self-management of asthma by adolescents, not just adherence to treatment, and triangulated their views with those of their parents and healthcare professionals...
March 23, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551452/the-genus-datura-l-solanaceae-in-mexico-and-spain-ethnobotanical-perspective-at-the-interface-of-medical-and-illicit-uses
#12
REVIEW
Guillermo Benítez, Martí March-Salas, Alberto Villa-Kamel, Ulises Cháves-Jiménez, Javier Hernández, Nuria Montes-Osuna, Joaquín Moreno-Chocano, Paloma Cariñanos
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The different species of the genus Datura have been used traditionally by some pre-Columbian civilizations, as well as in medieval rituals linked to magic and witchcraft in both Mexico and Europe. It is also noteworthy the use of different alkaloids obtained from the plants for medicinal purposes in the treatment of various groups of diseases, especially of the respiratory and muscularskeletal systems. AIM OF THE STUDY: A review of the ethnobotanical uses of the genus Datura in Mexico and Spain has been conducted...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536984/wechat-public-account-use-improves-clinical-control-of-cough-variant-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Yuan Cao, Shi-Hua Lin, Ding Zhu, Feng Xu, Zhi-Hua Chen, Hua-Hao Shen, Wen Li
BACKGROUND WeChat is a convenient and popular social medium, and it seems to be an appropriate platform for education and management of patients. This study sought to identify usefulness in clinical control of cough-variant asthma (CVA). MATERIAL AND METHODS A randomized controlled trial was conducted among 80 CVA patients. After being assigned to either the traditional group (TG) or the WeChat group (WG), they received the same inhalation therapy, but patients in WG received additional education and instruction via our public account on the WeChat application...
March 14, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524536/managing-asthma-in-pregnancy-map-trial-feno-levels-and-childhood-asthma
#14
Matthew Morten, Adam Collison, Vanessa E Murphy, Daniel Barker, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Attia, Joseph Meredith, Heather Powell, Paul D Robinson, Peter D Sly, Peter G Gibson, Joerg Mattes
BACKGROUND: The single-centre double-blind, randomised controlled Managing Asthma in Pregnancy (MAP) trial in Newcastle, Australia, compared a treatment algorithm using the fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in combination with asthma symptoms (FeNO group) against a treatment algorithm using clinical symptoms only (clinical group) in pregnant asthmatic women (ANZ Clinical Trials Registry, number 12607000561482). The primary outcome was a 50% reduction in asthma exacerbations during pregnancy in the FeNO group...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490126/corticosteroid-use-in-management-of-pediatric-emergency-conditions
#15
Asalim Thabet, Tyler Greenfield, Richard M Cantor
Corticosteroids have been used for over half a century to treat various inflammatory disorders; however, their use in many pediatric conditions remains controversial. This issue reviews evidence on corticosteroid treatment in acute asthma exacerbations, croup, acute pharyngitis, anaphylaxis, acute spinal injury, and bacterial meningitis. While corticosteroids are clearly indicated for management of asthma exacerbations and croup, they are not universally recommended for potential spinal cord injury. Due to insufficient data or conflicting data, corticosteroids may be considered in children with acute pharyngitis, anaphylaxis, and bacterial meningitis...
March 2018: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490125/corticosteroid-use-in-management-of-pediatric-emergency-conditions-digest
#16
Asalim Thabet, Tyler Greenfield, Richard M Cantor, Bryan Wilson
Corticosteroids have been used for over half a century to treat various inflammatory disorders; however, their use in many pediatric conditions remains controversial. This issue reviews evidence on corticosteroid treatment in acute asthma exacerbations, croup, acute pharyngitis, anaphylaxis, acute spinal injury, and bacterial meningitis. While corticosteroids are clearly indicated for management of asthma exacerbations and croup, they are not universally recommended for potential spinal cord injury. Due to insufficient data or conflicting data, corticosteroids may be considered in children with acute pharyngitis, anaphylaxis, and bacterial meningitis...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482867/-asthma-and-the-microbiome
#17
REVIEW
C Barnig, C Martin
INTRODUCTION: It has been demonstrated recently that the respiratory tract, considered for a long time to be sterile in the healthy subject, contains a vast community of bacteria called the respiratory microbiome. This microbiome, like the intestinal microbiome, is in constant interaction with the immune system of the human host. This relationship has allowed us to formulate some new theories on the pathophysiology of asthma. BACKGROUND: The respiratory microbiome of the asthmatic differs quantitatively and qualitatively from that of the healthy subject...
February 23, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478908/bronchiectasis-new-therapies-and-new-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
James D Chalmers, Sanjay H Chotirmall
European Respiratory Society guidelines for the management of adult bronchiectasis highlight the paucity of treatment options available for patients with this disorder. No treatments have been licensed by regulatory agencies worldwide, and most therapies used in clinical practice are based on very little evidence. Development of new treatments is needed urgently. We did a systematic review of scientific literature and clinical trial registries to identify agents in early-to-late clinical development for bronchiectasis in adults...
February 22, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472925/understanding-the-unfolded-protein-response-in-the-pathogenesis-of-asthma
#19
REVIEW
Prabuddha S Pathinayake, Alan C-Y Hsu, David W Waters, Philip M Hansbro, Lisa G Wood, Peter A B Wark
Asthma is a heterogeneous, chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. It is a complex disease with different clinical phenotypes and results in a substantial socioeconomic burden globally. Poor understanding of pathogenic mechanisms of the disease hinders the investigation into novel therapeutics. Emerging evidence of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) has demonstrated previously unknown functions of this response in asthma development. A worsening of asthmatic condition can be brought on by stimuli such as oxidative stress, pathogenic infections, and allergen exposure...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469993/asthma-among-adult-patients-presenting-with-dyspnea-to-the-emergency-department-an-observational-study
#20
Win Sen Kuan, Simon Craig, Anne-Maree Kelly, Gerben Keijzers, Sharon Klim, Colin A Graham, Peter Jones, Anna Holdgate, Charles Lawoko, Said Laribi
INTRODUCTION: Shortness of breath is a common presenting symptom to the emergency department (ED) that can arise from a myriad of possible diagnoses. Asthma is one of the major causes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic features, clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of adults with an emergency department (ED) diagnosis of asthma who presented to an ED in the Asia Pacific region with a principal symptom of dyspnea. METHODS: Planned sub-study of patients with an ED diagnosis of asthma identified in the Asia, Australia and New Zealand Dyspnoea in Emergency Departments (AANZDEM) study...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
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