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Victor Bandlow, Susanne Liese, Daniel Lauster, Kai Ludwig, Roland R Netz, Andreas Herrmann, Oliver Seitz
Attachment of the Influenza A virus onto host cells involves multivalent interactions between virus surface hemagglutinin (HA) and sialoside-containing glyco ligands. Despite the development of extremely powerful multivalent bind-ers of the Influenza virus and other viruses, comparably little is known about the optimal spacing of HA ligands, which ought to bridge binding sites within or across the trimeric HA molecules. To explore the criteria for ligand economical high affinity binding, we systematically probed distance-affinity relationships by means of two differently behaving scaffold types based on i) flexible polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugates and ii) rigid self-assembled DNA·PNA complexes...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Ying Liu, Ding-Kun Ji, Lei Dong, Nicolas Galanos, Yi Zang, Jia Li, Sébastien Vidal, Xiao-Peng He
Supramolecular self-assembly between perylenediimide-based glycoclusters and a red-emitting fluorophore produces structurally uniform and stable glyco-dots amenable to targeted fluorogenic imaging of liver and triple-negative breast cancer cells.
October 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Glycobiology
Mohammad A Halim, Luke MacAleese, Jérôme Lemoine, Rodolphe Antoine, Philippe Dugourd, Marion Girod
Mass spectrometry-based methods have made significant progress in characterizing post-translational modifications in peptides and proteins; however, certain aspects regarding fragmentation methods must still be improved. A good technique is expected to provide excellent sequence information, locate PTM sites, and retain the labile PTM groups. To address these issues, we investigate 10.6 μm IRMPD, 213 nm UVPD, and combined UV and IR photodissociation, known as HiLoPD (high-low photodissociation), for phospho-, sulfo-, and glyco-peptide cations...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Balkrishna A Shinde, Bhushan B Dholakia, Khalid Hussain, Sayantan Panda, Sagit Meir, Ilana Rogachev, Asaph Aharoni, Ashok P Giri, Avinash C Kamble
Exploration with high throughput leaf metabolomics along with functional genomics in wild tomato unreveal potential role of steroidal glyco-alkaloids and phenylpropanoids during early blight resistance. Alternaria solani severely affects tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) yield causing early blight (EB) disease in tropical environment. Wild relative, Solanum arcanum Peralta could be a potential source of EB resistance; however, its underlying molecular mechanism largely remains unexplored. Hence, non-targeted metabolomics was applied on resistant and susceptible S...
October 4, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
Hidenao Toyoda, Yuko Nagai, Aya Kojima, Akiko Kinoshita-Toyoda
Podocalyxin (PC) was first identified as a heavily sialylated transmembrane protein of glomerular podocytes. Recent studies suggest that PC is a remarkable glycoconjugate that acts as a universal glyco-carrier. The glycoforms of PC are responsible for multiple functions in normal tissue, human cancer cells, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). PC is employed as a major pluripotent marker of hESCs and hiPSCs. Among the general antibodies for human PC, TRA-1-60 and TRA-1-81 recognize the keratan sulfate (KS)-related structures...
October 5, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
Christoph Kannicht, Mario Kröning, Barbara A Solecka-Witulska, Guido Kohla, Julia Rosenlöcher
Prevention and treatment of bleeding in patients suffering from hemophilia A are inconvenient due to repeated intravenous infusions owing to the short half-life of coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) in circulation. Besides (glyco-)pegylation of the FVIII molecule, a bioengineering approach comprises the protein fusion to Fc-immunoglobulin (Ig)G that mediate protection from clearance or degradation via binding to the neonatal Fc receptor. While human-like N-glycosylation of recombinant FVIII is known to be crucial for the clotting factor's quality and function, the particular glycosylation of the fused Fc portion has not been investigated in detail so far, despite its known impact on Fcγ receptor binding...
May 17, 2017: Bioengineering
Libin Wu, Yufei Zhang, Zhen Li, Guang Yang, Zdravko Kochovski, Guosong Chen, Ming Jiang
Glyconanoparticles made by self-assembled glycopolymers currently are practical and efficient mimics of the glycocalyx on cell surfaces. Considering the complexity of the glycocalyx, glyconanoparticles with different sugars on their coronas, i.e., mixed-shell glycomicelles, could be more valuable compared to homoshell micelles. In this paper, we explore the architectural effect of the glyconanoparticle corona on glyconanoparticle macrophage endocytosis and lectin-binding ability. A series of glyconanoparticles composed of a biodegradable polyester backbone functionalized with galactoside or mannoside pendants were designed and prepared...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Moran Frenkel-Pinter, Merav Daniel Shmueli, Chen Raz, Michaela Yanku, Shai Zilberzwige, Ehud Gazit, Daniel Segal
Deviations from the normal nucleoplasmic protein O-GlcNAcylation, as well as from normal protein sialylation and N-glycosylation in the secretory pathway, have been reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the interplay between the cytoplasmic protein O-GlcNAcylation and the secretory N-/O-glycosylation in AD has not been described. We present a comprehensive analysis of the N-, O-, and O-GlcNAc-glycomes in AD-affected brain regions as well as in AD patient serum. We detected marked differences in levels of glycan involved in both protein O-GlcNAcylation and N-/O-glycosylation between patients and healthy individuals and revealed brain region-specific glycosylation-related pathology in patients...
September 2017: Science Advances
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Glycobiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Glycobiology
Luís Adriano Anholeto, Patrícia Rosa de Oliveira, Rodney Alexandre Ferreira Rodrigues, Lais Thiemi Yamane, Karina Neoob de Carvalho Castro, Allan Roberto Fernandes Ferreira, Maria Izabel Camargo-Mathias
The present study evaluated through morphohistological and histochemical techniques the effects of different concentrations of crude ethanolic extract of A. oleracea (EEAO) (Jambu) on the male reproductive system of Amblyomma cajennense sensu stricto (s.s.) ticks. The toxicity of this natural chemical was stablished, signalizing the promising potential of the compound as a strategy to control ectoparasites in the near future. For the experiment, 100 males fed on host rabbits with homogeneous weight (p>0...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
Tiantian Li, Zhenlong Yu, Liyuan Zhang, Chao Wang, Sa Deng, Xiaokui Huo, Xiangge Tian, Baojing Zhang, Xiaochi Ma
Glycoproteins are the most important and complex group of posttranslational modifications known in proteins. Many clinical biomarkers and therapeutic targets in cancer are glycoproteins. However, the isolation of glyco-specific antibodies and their poor stability remains a significant challenge in analytical method and diagnostic development. In this work, for the first time, we present a technology for highly efficient and selective glycosylation analysis on membrane without the use of glyco-specific antibodies...
October 2, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Ricardo Calderon-Gonzalez, Elisabet Frande-Cabanes, Hector Teran-Navarro, José María Marimon, Javier Freire, David Salcines-Cuevas, M Carmen Fariñas, Claudia Onzalez-Rico, Marco Marradi, Isabel Garcia, Mirian Alkorta-Gurrutxaga, Aida San Nicolas-Gomez, Ana Castañeda-Sampedro, Sonsoles Yañez-Diaz, Soledad Penades, Carmen Punzon, Javier Gomez-Roman, Fernando Rivera, Manuel Fresno, Carmen Alvarez-Dominguez
Clinical cases of neonatal listeriosis are associated with brain disease and fetal loss due to complications in early or late pregnancy, which suggests that microglial function is altered. This is believed to be the first study to link microglial apoptosis with neonatal listeriosis and listeriosis-associated brain disease, and to propose a new nanovaccine formulation that reverses all effects of listeriosis and confers Listeria monocytogenes (LM)-specific immunity. We examined clinical cases of neonatal listeriosis in 2013-2015 and defined two useful prognostic immune biomarkers to design listeriosis vaccines: high anti-GAPDH1-22 titres and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)/interleukin (IL)-6 ratios...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
Dan Liu, He Gao, Wei Tang, Shaoping Nie
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a metabolic disease becoming ever more common, is the result of disturbed glyco- and lipid metabolism. On the basis of their inhibitory effects against several key enzymes linked to T2DM, synthetic antidiabetic agents have been developed and used for diabetic therapy, some with adverse side effects. Fortunately, many plant non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) have been shown to possess inhibitory effects on the same T2DM-related enzymes. Through a simple literature search we found that α-amylase, α-glucosidase, lipase, and dipeptidyl-peptidase IV are the enzymes most often reported in the context of T2DM...
August 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Stephan H von Reuss, Franziska Dolke, Chuanfu Dong
Nematodes such as the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans produce various homologous series of l-ascarylose-derived glycolipids called ascarosides, which include several highly potent signals in intra and interspecies communication as well as cross-kingdom interactions. Given their low concentrations and large number of structurally similar components, mass spectrometric screens based on high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) are commonly employed for ascaroside detection and quantification...
September 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Andrew A Gibb, Paul N Epstein, Shizuka Uchida, Yuting Zheng, Lindsey A McNally, Detlef Obal, Kartik Katragadda, Patrick J Trainor, Daniel J Conklin, Kenneth R Brittian, Michael T Tseng, Jianxun Wang, Steven P Jones, Aruni Bhatnagar, Bradford G Hill
Background -Exercise promotes metabolic remodeling in the heart, which is associated with physiologic cardiac growth; however, it is not known whether or how physical activity-induced changes in cardiac metabolism cause myocardial remodeling. In this study, we tested whether exercise-mediated changes in cardiomyocyte glucose metabolism are important for physiologic cardiac growth. Methods -We used radiometric, immunologic, metabolomic, and biochemical assays to measure changes in myocardial glucose metabolism in mice subjected to acute and chronic treadmill exercise...
August 31, 2017: Circulation
Chantelle J Capicciotti, Chengli Zong, M Osman Sheikh, Tiantian Sun, Lance Wells, Geert-Jan Boons
Cell-surface engineering strategies that permit long-lived display of well-defined, functionally active molecules are highly attractive for eliciting desired cellular responses and for understanding biological processes. Current methodologies for the exogenous introduction of synthetic biomolecules often result in short-lived presentations, or require genetic manipulation to facilitate membrane attachment. Herein, we report a cell-surface engineering strategy that is based on the use of a CMP-Neu5Ac derivative that is modified at C-5 by a bifunctional entity composed of a complex synthetic heparan sulfate (HS) oligosaccharide and biotin...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Ibrahim Gaidan, Dermot Brabazon, Inam Ul Ahad
In this study, three different compositions of ZnO and TiO₂ powders were cold compressed and then heated at 1250 °C for five hours. The samples were ground to powder form. The powders were mixed with 5 wt % of polyvinyl butyral (PVB) as binder and 1.5 wt % carbon black and ethylene-glyco-lmono-butyl-ether as a solvent to form screen-printed pastes. The prepared pastes were screen printed on the top of alumina substrates containing arrays of three copper electrodes. The three fabricated sensors were tested to detect propanol at room temperature at two different concentration ranges...
August 31, 2017: Sensors
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