keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

peritoneal dialysis set

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860413/development-of-a-wearable-bioartificial-kidney-using-the-bioartificial-renal-epithelial-cell-system-brecs
#1
Kimberly A Johnston, Angela J Westover, Alvaro Rojas-Pena, Deborah A Buffington, Christopher J Pino, Peter L Smith, H David Humes
Cell therapy for the treatment of renal failure in the acute setting has proved successful, with therapeutic impact, yet development of a sustainable, portable bioartificial kidney for treatment of chronic renal failure has yet to be realized. Challenges in maintaining an anticoagulated blood circuit, the typical platform for solute clearance and support of the biological components, have posed a major hurdle in advancement of this technology. This group has developed a Bioartificial Renal Epithelial Cell System (BRECS) capable of differentiated renal cell function while sustained by body fluids other than blood...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844146/effect-of-center-practices-on-the-choice-of-the-first-dialysis-modality-for-children-and-young-adults
#2
Julien Hogan, Bruno Ranchin, Marc Fila, Jérome Harambat, Saoussen Krid, Isabelle Vrillon, Gwenaelle Roussey, Michel Fischbach, Cécile Couchoud
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) remains the modality of choice in children, but there is no clear evidence to support a better outcome in children treated with PD. We aimed to assess factors that have an impact on the choice of dialysis modality in children and young adults in France and sought to determine the roles of medical factors and center practices. METHODS: We included all patients aged <20 years at the start of renal replacement therapy (RRT), recorded in the French RRT Registry between 2002 and 2013...
November 14, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783275/a-new-peritoneal-dialysis-fluid-for-japanese-patients-a-randomized-non-inferiority-clinical-trial-of-safety-and-efficacy
#3
Masaaki Nakayama, Yoshindo Kawaguchi, Takashi Akiba, Masao Kim, Hidemune Naito, Shigeko Hara, Teruhiko Maeba, Noriaki Yorioka, James A Sloand, Mark R Marshall
BACKGROUND: We report here two new peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs) for Japan [BLR 250, BLR 350 (Baxter Limited, Japan)]. The PDFs use two-chamber systems, and have bicarbonate and lactate buffer to a total of 35 mmol/L. In separate trials, the new PDFs were compared to two "standard" systems [PD-4, PD-2 (Baxter Limited, Japan)]. The trials aimed to demonstrate non-inferiority of peritoneal creatinine clearance (pCcr), peritoneal urea clearance (pCurea) and ultrafiltration volume (UF), and compare acid-base and electrolyte balance...
October 25, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772644/intensive-hemodialysis-and-potential-risks-with-increasing%C3%A2-treatment
#4
Michael A Kraus, Sheru Kansal, Michael Copland, Paul Komenda, Eric D Weinhandl, George L Bakris, Christopher T Chan, Richard J Fluck, John M Burkart
Although intensive hemodialysis (HD) can address important clinical problems, increasing treatment also introduces risks. In this review, we assess risks pertaining to 6 domains: vascular access complications, infection, mortality, loss of residual kidney function, solute balance, and patient and care partner burden. In the Frequent Hemodialysis Network (FHN) trials, short daily and nocturnal schedules increased the incidence of access complications, although the incidence of access loss was not statistically higher...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768727/addition-of-alanyl-glutamine-to-dialysis-fluid-restores-peritoneal-cellular-stress-responses-a-first-in-man-trial
#5
Klaus Kratochwill, Michael Boehm, Rebecca Herzog, Katharina Gruber, Anton Michael Lichtenauer, Lilian Kuster, Dagmar Csaicsich, Andreas Gleiss, Seth L Alper, Christoph Aufricht, Andreas Vychytil
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis and ultrafiltration failure remain serious complications of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD). Dysfunctional cellular stress responses aggravate peritoneal injury associated with PD fluid exposure, potentially due to peritoneal glutamine depletion. In this randomized cross-over phase I/II trial we investigated cytoprotective effects of alanyl-glutamine (AlaGln) addition to glucose-based PDF. METHODS: In a prospective randomized cross-over design, 20 stable PD outpatients underwent paired peritoneal equilibration tests 4 weeks apart, using conventional acidic, single chamber 3...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680756/influence-of-different-peritoneal-dialysis-fluids-on-the-in-vitro-activity-of-cefepime-ciprofloxacin-ertapenem-meropenem-and-tobramycin-against-escherichia-coli
#6
Manuel Kussmann, Linda Schuster, Sarah Wrenger, Petra Pichler, Gottfried Reznicek, Heinz Burgmann, Wolfgang Poeppl, Markus Zeitlinger, Martin Wiesholzer
♦ BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is a major problem among patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The influence of diverse PD fluids on the activity of frequently used antibiotics has been insufficiently investigated. Thus, the present study set out to investigate the impact of different PD fluids on the activity of cefepime, ciprofloxacin, ertapenem, meropenem, and tobramycin against Escherichia coli. ♦ METHODS: Time-kill curves in 4 different PD fluids (Dianeal PDG4, Extraneal, Nutrineal PD4 and Physioneal 40, all Baxter Healthcare Corp...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582136/incremental-peritoneal-dialysis-a-10-year-single-centre-experience
#7
Massimo Sandrini, Valerio Vizzardi, Francesca Valerio, Sara Ravera, Luigi Manili, Roberto Zubani, Bernardo J A Lucca, Giovanni Cancarini
INTRODUCTION: Incremental dialysis consists in prescribing a dialysis dose aimed towards maintaining total solute clearance (renal + dialysis) near the targets set by guidelines. Incremental peritoneal dialysis (incrPD) is defined as one or two dwell-times per day on CAPD, whereas standard peritoneal dialysis (stPD) consists in three-four dwell-times per day. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Single-centre cohort study. Enrollement period: January 2002-December 2007; end of follow up (FU): December 2012...
December 2016: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536676/peritoneal-dialysis-in-western-countries
#8
REVIEW
Dirk G Struijk
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of end-stage renal failure was introduced in the 1960s. Nowadays it has evolved to an established therapy that is complementary to hemodialysis (HD), representing 11% of all patients treated worldwide with dialysis. Despite good clinical outcomes and similar results in patient survival between PD and HD, the penetration of PD is decreasing in the Western world. SUMMARY: First the major events in the history of the development of PD are described...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532616/top-to-bottom-a-new-method-for-assessing-adequacy-of-laparoscopic-pyloromyotomy
#9
Maria E Linnaus, Crystal S Langlais, Kevin N Johnson, David M Notrica
INTRODUCTION: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is a commonly encountered pediatric surgical issue. Initially treated with open surgical techniques, many pediatric surgeons have adopted the minimally invasive approach using laparoscopy. However, some concerns exist that the rate of incomplete pyloromyotomy is elevated in laparoscopy. We propose a new technique to assess the adequacy of laparoscopic pyloromyotomy. METHODS: Adequacy of laparoscopic pyloromyotomy was assessed by confirming that the top of the serosa on one side of the pylorus has adequate freedom to reach the bottom of the muscle on other side...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525529/thyroid-functional-disease-and-mortality-in-a-national-peritoneal-dialysis-cohort
#10
Connie M Rhee, Vanessa A Ravel, Elani Streja, Rajnish Mehrotra, Steven Kim, Jiaxi Wang, Danh V Nguyen, Csaba P Kovesdy, Gregory A Brent, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: End-stage renal disease patients have a higher risk of thyroid disease compared with those without kidney disease. Although thyroid dysfunction is associated with higher death risk in the general population and those undergoing hemodialysis, little is known about the effect of thyroid disease upon mortality in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). Design, Setting, Participants, and Main Outcome: We examined the association of thyroid status, assessed by serum TSH, with all-cause mortality among PD patients from a large national dialysis organization who underwent one or more TSH measurements over 5 years (January 2007 to December 2011)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486275/types-and-outcome-of-fetal-urinary-anomalies-in-low-resource-setting-countries-a-retrospective-study
#11
Hend Shalaby, Reda Hemida, Hanan Nabil, Mohammad Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract in the developing countries have a poor prognosis due to limited experience in antenatal and postnatal management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 3-year retrospective study was carried out from January 2011 to December 2013. The following data were collected and analyzed: maternal age, gravidity, parity, gestational age at diagnosis, and ultrasonography findings. Final diagnosis after birth, the performed surgeries, follow-up data, as well as survival at one year were also analyzed...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435043/comparison-of-peritonitis-rates-and-patient-survival-in-automated-and-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-a-10-year-single-center-experience
#12
Wael El-Reshaid, Hanan Al-Disawy, Hossameldeen Nassef, Usama Alhelaly
Peritonitis is a common complication in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). In this retrospective study, peritonitis rates and patient survival of 180 patients on CAPD and 128 patients on APD were compared in the period from January 2005 to December 2014 at Al-Nafisi Center in Kuwait. All patients had prophylactic topical mupirocin at catheter exit site. Patients on CAPD had twin bag system with Y transfer set. The peritonitis rates were 1 in 29 months in CAPD and 1 in 38 months in APD (p < 0...
September 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433308/novel-use-of-an-ultrafiltration-device-as-an-alternative-method-for-fluid-removal-in-critically-ill-pediatric-patients-with-cardiac-disease-a-case-series
#13
Sujata Chakravarti, Yasir Al-Qaqaa, Meghan Faulkner, Puneet Bhatla, Michael Argilla, Michelle Ramirez
Fluid overload (FO) is a common complication for pediatric patients in the intensive care unit. When conventional therapy fails, hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis is classically used for fluid removal. Unfortunately, these therapies are often associated with cardiovascular or respiratory instability. Ultrafiltration, using devices such as the Aquadex™ system (Baxter Healthcare, Deerfield, IL, USA), is an effective tool for fluid removal in adult patients with congestive heart failure. As compared to hemodialysis, ultrafiltration can be performed using smaller catheters, and the extracorporeal volume and minimal blood flow rates are lower...
June 15, 2016: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349639/acupuncture-and-related-interventions-for-symptoms-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
REVIEW
Kun Hyung Kim, Myeong Soo Lee, Tae-Hun Kim, Jung Won Kang, Tae-Young Choi, Jae Dong Lee
BACKGROUND: People living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience a range of symptoms and often have complex comorbidities. Many pharmacological interventions for people with CKD have known risks of adverse events. Acupuncture is widely used for symptom management in patients with chronic diseases and in other palliative care settings. However, the safety and efficacy of acupuncture for people with CKD remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the benefits and harms of acupuncture, electro-acupuncture, acupressure, moxibustion and other acupuncture-related interventions (alone or combined with other acupuncture-related interventions) for symptoms of CKD...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345183/the-differences-in-acid-base-status-and-the-calcium-parathyroid-axis-between-peritoneal-dialysis-and-hemodialysis
#15
Masamitsu Morishita, Nanae Matsuo, Yukio Maruyama, Masatsugu Nakao, Izumi Yamamoto, Yudo Tanno, Ichiro Ohkido, Masato Ikeda, Keitaro Yokoyama, Takashi Yokoo
BACKGROUND: Several guidelines have set the target levels of serum Ca, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) for better management of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders (CKDMBD) in dialysis patients. Although serum ionized Ca (iCa) is a biologically active component, corrected Ca (cCa) is used in clinical settings. However, the association between iCa and cCa is affected by acid-base status. We investigated the difference in acid-base and the calcium-parathyroid status between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD)...
August 2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334132/structured-fusion-lasso-penalized-multi-state-models
#16
Holger Sennhenn-Reulen, Thomas Kneib
Multi-state models generalize survival or duration time analysis to the estimation of transition-specific hazard rate functions for multiple transitions. When each of the transition-specific risk functions is parametrized with several distinct covariate effect coefficients, this leads to a model of potentially high dimension. To decrease the parameter space dimensionality and to work out a clear image of the underlying multi-state model structure, one can either aim at setting some coefficients to zero or to make coefficients for the same covariate but two different transitions equal...
June 23, 2016: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324681/preparation-of-the-dialysis-access-in-stages-4-and-5-ckd
#17
REVIEW
Louise M Moist, Ahmed A Al-Jaishi
Patients with Stages 4 and 5 CKD are optimally managed within a multidisciplinary care setting. This provides an opportunity to create a "patient centered" approach to renal replacement modality options and conservative care. The care team engages with the patient and caregivers to assist with the understanding of their health status, modality and vascular access selection, and overall living with the comorbidity of chronic illness. A systematic approach to provision of education, modality, and access selection, are in part, driven by the patient's expected survival and need for dialysis, the risks and benefits with different modalities, and access and adaptation to their preferences and home situations...
July 2016: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282852/the-trio-trial-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-a-biocompatible-peritoneal-dialysis-solution-on-residual-renal-function
#18
Tabo Sikaneta, George Wu, Mohamed Abdolell, Anita Ng, Sara Mahdavi, Anton Svendrovski, Tony Tu, Trish Mercer, Matthew Tong, Dimitrios Oreopoulos, Paul Tam
UNLABELLED:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Residual renal function (RRF) correlates with mortality and morbidity rates in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). We examined the effect of a biocompatible PD solution (Gambrosol Trio; Gambro Lundia AB, Lund, Sweden) with lower concentrations of glucose degradation products on rates of decline in RRF. ♦ DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: Incident patients at 2 centers in Canada and 1 in Hong Kong were randomized (by minimization) in an open-label parallel group trial to receive Gambrosol Trio or standard PD solution (Dianeal; Baxter Healthcare, Mississauga, Canada) for 2 years...
September 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274397/a-retrospective-review-of-the-two-step-tuberculin-skin-test-in-dialysis-patients
#19
Rukhsana Foster, Thomas W Ferguson, Claudio Rigatto, Blake Lerner, Navdeep Tangri, Paul Komenda
BACKGROUND: Reactivation of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a health concern for patients on dialysis or receiving a kidney transplant, as these patients are often immunosuppressed. The most frequently used test for LTBI screening in this population is the tuberculin skin test (TST). The diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) of the TST in a contemporary North American or Western European dialysis population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to determine the diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of the two-step TST in patients receiving dialysis...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270721/neonatal-extracorporeal-renal-replacement-therapy-a-routine-renal-support-modality
#20
EDITORIAL
Leyat Tal, Joseph R Angelo, Ayse Akcan-Arikan
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is generally considered the preferred extracorporeal therapy for neonates with acute kidney injury (AKI). However, there are situations when PD is not suitable, such as in patients with previous abdominal surgery, hyperammonemia and significant ascites or anasarca. Additionally, with a need to start PD soon after catheter placement, there is increased risk of PD catheter leak and infection. Extracorporeal continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is challenging in severely ill neonates as it requires obtaining adequately sized central venous access to accommodate adequate blood flow rates and also adaptation of a CRRT machine meant for older children and adults...
November 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
keyword
keyword
106959
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"