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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327733/orthopaedic-treatment-effects-of-functional-therapy-on-the-sagittal-pharyngeal-dimensions-in-subjects-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-class-ii-malocclusion
#1
C Pavoni, E Cretella Lombardo, R Lione, P Bollero, F Ottaviani, P Cozza
The purpose of this cephalometric study was to evaluate the craniofacial changes induced by functional treatment of mandibular advancement with special regard to pharyngeal sagittal airway dimensions, tongue and hyoid bone position in subjects with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and dentoskeletal Class II malocclusions compared with an untreated Class II control group. 51 subjects (24 female, 27 male; mean age 9.9 ± 1.3 years) with Class II malocclusion and SDB consecutively treated with a functional appliance (Modify Monobloc, MM) were compared with a control group of 31 subjects (15 males, 16 females; mean age 10...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327119/nocturnal-hypoxemic-burden-is-associated-with-epicardial-fat-volume-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#2
Dominik Linz, Stefan Colling, Wolfgang Nußstein, Kurt Debl, Mathias Hohl, Claudia Fellner, Michael Böhm, Lars S Maier, Okka W Hamer, Stefan Buchner, Michael Arzt
BACKGROUND: Increased epicardial fat volume (EFV) is a common feature of patients with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), is considered as an established marker of cardiovascular risk, and is associated with adverse cardiovascular events after myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: To investigate the association between different measures of SDB severity and EFV after acute MI, we enrolled 105 patients with acute MI in this study. Unattended in-hospital polysomnography was performed to determine the number of apneas and hypopneas per hour during sleep (apnea-hypopnea index, AHI)...
January 11, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318372/severe-obstructive-sleep-disorders-in-prader-willi-syndrome-patients-in-southern-italy
#3
Angelo Canora, Adriana Franzese, Enza Mozzillo, Valentina Fattorusso, Marialuisa Bocchino, Alessandro Sanduzzi
Sleep-related disordered breathing (SDB) is very common in paediatric patients affected by Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). However, data addressing SBD patterns and their management are lacking. The aim of the present study was to analyse SDB features in 14 PWS patients (age range, 8 months-17 years). Polygraphic registration (PG) during a 12-h nocturnal sleep was performed in all patients. Obstructive and central apnoea indices and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were recorded along with demographic and clinical data...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307063/sawdust-biochar-application-to-rice-paddy-field-reduced-nitrogen-loss-in-floodwater-accompanied-with-increased-nh3-volatilization
#4
Yanfang Feng, Haijun Sun, Lihong Xue, Yueman Wang, Linzhang Yang, Weiming Shi, Baoshan Xing
Sawdust biochar (SDB) was for the first time applied to rice paddy field to evaluate its effects on potential nitrogen (N) runoff and ammonia (NH3) volatilization losses in a soil column experimental system. Results showed that total N concentration of surface floodwater under SDB treatments was reduced by 7.29-35.16, 16.34-32.35, and 12.21-28.12% after three split N fertilizations, respectively. Particularly, NH4+-N was decreased by 11.84-27.08, 14.29-36.50, and 2.97-19.64%, respectively. However, SDB addition has no significant influence on NO3--N concentration...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274093/interactions-between-candida-albicans-and-candida-glabrata-in-biofilms-influence-of-the-strain-type-culture-medium-and-glucose-supplementation
#5
Thayse Yumi Hosida, Thamires Priscila Cavazana, Mariana Henriques, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem, Douglas Roberto Monteiro
The relationship among Candida species may be influenced by several factors. Thus, this study evaluated the interactions between Candida albicans and Candida glabrata in biofilms, varying the strain type, culture medium and glucose supplementation. Biofilms were formed for 48 h in SDB or RPMI 1640, supplemented with 0, 1 or 5% glucose. Each strain of C. albicans was combined with two strains of C. glabrata, generating 4 biofilm associations, which were quantified by colony-forming units (CFUs), total biomass and metabolic activity...
December 23, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261679/distinct-impacts-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-on-glycemic-variability-in-patients-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Kei Nakata, Takayuki Miki, Masaya Tanno, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Toshiyuki Yano, Atsuko Muranaka, Tatsuya Sato, Hiroto Oshima, Yuki Tatekoshi, Masashi Mizuno, Koki Abe, Tetsuji Miura
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and heart failure (HF) and contributes to poor cardiovascular outcomes. Enlarged glycemic variability (GV) is a risk factor of cardiac events independently of average blood glucose level, but the influence of SDB on GV is uncertain. In this study, we examined whether the impact of SDB on GV is modified by the presence of DM with or without HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred three patients (67...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249245/relationship-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-renal-dysfunction-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#7
Masayoshi Kiyokuni, Chika Kawashima, Masaaki Konishi, Kentaro Sakamaki, Kiwamu Iwata, Naoki Nakayama, Naohiro Komura, Masami Kosuge, Teruyasu Sugano, Tomoaki Ishigami, Tsutomu Endo, Toshiyuki Ishikawa, Takeharu Yamanaka, Kazuo Kimura, Kouichi Tamura
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with cardiovascular complications. However, the effect of SDB on renal function in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. METHODS: We enrolled 154 consecutive ACS patients without heart failure. A sleep study was performed immediately after PCI. RESULTS: The mean apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was 16.4±13.1, and 33 patients (21%) had severe SDB, defined as AHI≥25...
February 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242702/proliferative-synovitis-of-the-shoulder-bursae-is-a-key-feature-for-discriminating-elderly-onset-rheumatoid-arthritis-mimicking-polymyalgia-rheumatica-from-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#8
Takeshi Suzuki, Ryochi Yoshida, Yuka Hidaka, Yu Seri
Semiquantitative scoring for subacromial bursa (SAB), subdeltoid bursa (SDB), and subcoracoid bursa by both gray-scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) ultrasonography was performed in 15 patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) (72.6 ± 7.7 years old) and 15 patients with elderly onset rheumatoid arthritis with PMR-like onset (pm-EORA) (70.7 ± 7.0 years old) before starting treatment. The GS grades of SAB were significantly higher in the shoulders with pm-EORA than in the shoulders with PMR. The GS and PD scores of SAB and the PD scores of SDB were significantly higher in pm-EORA than in PMR cases...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227046/prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-overlap-syndrome-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#9
Donato Lacedonia, Giovanna Elisiana Carpagnano, Giulia Patricelli, Mauro Carone, Crescenzio Gallo, Incoronata Caccavo, Roberto Sabato, Annarita Depalo, Maria Aliani, Alberto Capozzolo, Maria Pia Foschino Barbaro
INTRODUCTION: Sleep-disordered breathing causes a burden to the sufferer, the healthcare system, and the society. Most studies have focused on Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), however, the prevalence of comorbidities in patients affected by Overlap Syndrome (OS) and Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) has not been carefully evaluated. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The principal aim of this study was to identify the presence of comorbidities in patients suffering from OSA, OS, OHS and the differences in three groups of patients...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217599/ers-statement-on-obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-1-to-23-month-old-children
#10
Athanasios G Kaditis, Maria Luz Alonso Alvarez, An Boudewyns, Francois Abel, Emmanouel I Alexopoulos, Refika Ersu, Koen Joosten, Helena Larramona, Silvia Miano, Indra Narang, Hui-Leng Tan, Ha Trang, Marina Tsaoussoglou, Nele Vandenbussche, Maria Pia Villa, Dick Van Waardenburg, Silke Weber, Stijn Verhulst
The present statement was produced by a European Respiratory Society Task Force to summarise the evidence and current practice on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children aged 1-23 months. A systematic literature search was completed and 159 articles were summarised to answer clinically relevant questions. SDB is suspected when symptoms or abnormalities related to upper airway obstruction are identified. Morbidity (pulmonary hypertension, growth delay, behavioural problems) and coexisting conditions (feeding difficulties, recurrent otitis media) may be present...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198416/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-epicardial-adipose-tissue-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#11
V Parisi, S Paolillo, G Rengo, R Formisano, L Petraglia, F Grieco, C D'Amore, S Dellegrottaglie, C Marciano, N Ferrara, D Leosco, P P Filardi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common in patients with heart failure (HF), contributes to the progression of cardiac disease, and is associated with adverse prognosis. Previous evidence indicates that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is independently associated with sleep apnea in obese individuals. We explored the relationship between SDB and EAT in HF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: EAT thickness was assessed by echocardiography in 66 patients with systolic HF undergoing nocturnal cardiorespiratory monitoring...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194375/cognitive-and-behavioral-consequences-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Irina Trosman, Samuel J Trosman
There is now a plethora of evidence that children with sleep disordered breathing (SDB) show deficits in neurocognitive performance, behavioral impairments, and school performance. The following review will focus on the neurobehavioral impacts of SDB, pediatric sleep investigation challenges, potential mechanisms of behavioral and cognitive deficits in children with SDB, and the impact of SDB treatment.
December 1, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187390/phenotyping-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-the-schlahf-registry
#13
Michael Arzt, Olaf Oldenburg, Andrea Graml, Erland Erdmann, Helmut Teschler, Karl Wegscheider, Anna Suling, Holger Woehrle
BACKGROUND: Different sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) phenotypes, including coexisting obstructive and central sleep apnea (OSA-CSA), have not yet been characterized in a large sample of patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) receiving guideline-based therapies. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the proportion of OSA, CSA, and OSA-CSA, as well as periodic breathing, in HFrEF patients with SDB. METHODS AND RESULTS: The German SchlaHF registry enrolled patients with HFrEF receiving guideline-based therapies, who underwent portable SDB monitoring...
November 29, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180798/anthropometric-study-of-penile-length-in-self-declared-brazilians-regarding-the-color-of-the-skin-as-white-or-black-the-study-of-a-myth
#14
Rogério Alves Barboza, Eloísio Alexsandro da Silva, Tamiris Ruellas, Ronaldo Damião
This is an observational transversal cohort study in which we aim to analyze the Brazilian penis length and compare the penis size of the men self-declared as white (SDW) or black (SDB) skin color. Subjects were asked for self-declare according to their skin color, after that they have been invited to participate in a semi-structured interview so as to have their perception evaluated regarding their penis size and their self-esteem as well. Eventually, their penis length was measured with an anthropometric ruler...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177130/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-spinal-cord-injury-challenges-and-opportunities
#15
Abdulghani Sankari, Jennifer L Martin, M Safwan Badr
Purpose of review: This paper focuses on the sleep disorders in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI/D), particularly mechanism of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and challenges in diagnosis and management. Based on a review of recent literatures and studies the paper summarizes some main challenges with respect to management of SDB in patients with SCI; and what are the responsible mechanisms of disease? What are the barriers in diagnosing and treating SDB using standard treatment such as positive airway pressure (CPAP)?...
December 2017: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174411/gestational-intermittent-hypoxia-increases-susceptibility-to-neuroinflammation-and-alters-respiratory-motor-control-in-neonatal-rats
#16
REVIEW
Stephen M Johnson, Karanbir S Randhawa, Jenna J Epstein, Ellen Gustafson, Austin D Hocker, Adrianne G Huxtable, Tracy L Baker, Jyoti J Watters
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during pregnancy are growing health concerns because these conditions are associated with adverse outcomes for newborn infants. SDB/OSA during pregnancy exposes the mother and the fetus to intermittent hypoxia. Direct exposure of adults and neonates to IH causes neuroinflammation and neuronal apoptosis, and exposure to IH during gestation (GIH) causes long-term deficits in offspring respiratory function. However, the role of neuroinflammation in CNS respiratory control centers of GIH offspring has not been investigated...
November 22, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168015/ascending-aortic-blood-flow-velocity-is-increased-in-children-with-primary-snoring-mild-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-associated-with-an-increase-in-cd8-%C3%A2-t-cells-expressing-tnf%C3%AE-and-ifn%C3%AE
#17
Anna Kontos, Scott Willoughby, Cameron van den Heuvel, Declan Kennedy, James Martin, Greg Hodge, Matthew Worthley, Adelene Kaihui Chin, Adam Nelson, Karen Teo, Mathias Baumert, Yvonne Pamula, Kurt Lushington
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with cardiovascular disease and systemic inflammation in adults but this remains to be explored in children, especially in children with the most common form of SDB, i.e. primary snoring/mild SDB. This pilot study investigated the relationship between the cardiovascular function and inflammation in children with mild SDB. Nineteen participants aged 5-14 years underwent overnight polysomnography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (aortic blood flow velocity and left and right ventricular systolic function) and assessment for inflammatory markers (intracellular cytokine analysis of T cells by flow cytometry)...
November 22, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162360/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-heart-failure-the-state-of-the-art-after-the-serve-hf-trial
#18
REVIEW
João Carmo, Inês Araújo, Filipa Marques, Cândida Fonseca
Heart failure (HF) is one of the most prevalent conditions worldwide and despite therapeutic advances, its prognosis remains poor. Among the multiple comorbidities in HF, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is frequent and worsens the prognosis. Preliminary observational studies suggested that treatment of SDB could modify the prognosis of HF, and the issue has gained importance in recent years. The diagnosis of SDB is expensive, slow and suboptimal, and there is thus a need for screening devices that are easier to use and validated in this population...
November 18, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157589/overweight-and-obesity-add-to-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#19
Sarah N Biggs, Knarik Tamanyan, Lisa M Walter, Aidan J Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether overweight and obesity increased the detrimental effects of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on cognition, behavior, mood, and quality of life. METHODS: Children and adolescents (8-16 years) with clinically diagnosed SDB were categorized into two groups: healthy weight (Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score <1.04, N = 11) and overweight/obese (BMI z-score ≥ 1.04, N = 10). Age-matched healthy weight, non-snoring controls (N = 25) were recruited from the community...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157582/serum-lipid-profile-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-blood-pressure-in-the-elderly-a-10-year-follow-up-of-the-proof-synapse-cohort
#20
Denis Monneret, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, David Hupin, Delphine Maudoux, Sébastien Celle, Emilia Sforza, Frédéric Roche
OBJECTIVES: Dyslipidemia, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and hypertension are comorbid factors evidenced in adults, but poorly studied in old people. This study aimed to examine the long-term evolution of the serum lipid profile, and its relationships with SDB and blood pressure (BP) in the elderly. METHODS: A ten-year follow-up of the prospective Prognostic Indicator of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Events (PROOF) and the Autonomic Nervous System Activity, Aging and Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea (SYNAPSE) cohort, which initially included 1011 elderly subjects from the general population, and who were untreated by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
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