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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818337/the-mobile-technology-era-potential-benefits-in-pediatric-urology
#1
Sarah Mozafarpour, Reza Abbasioun, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
Mobile technology has been increasingly used in the world of medicine. We describe an application of mobile phones in the evaluation of urinary symptoms in infants, neonates, and toddlers. We believe this is a cheap, accessible and easy-to-use solution in pediatric urology for physicians and nurses around the world. In this video, we demonstrate some unique features of various anatomic and functional pediatric urology conditions, which are detectable in voiding clips taken by a cellphone camera.
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763184/-smartphone-use-in-nursing-population-a-narrative-review
#2
Gianluca Pucciarelli, Silvio Simeone, Giuseppe Madonna, Michele Virgolesi
INTRODUCTION: In healthcare, smartphone is becoming an important tool among nursing population. With the smartphones, it was possible to implement new care models. However, if used incorrectly, it could be the cause of nurses' distraction and nosocomial infection. AIM: To analyze the various apps used by the nursing population and describe the smartphones' positive and negative aspects on health care by review the literature. METHOD: PubMed, CINAHL, SCOPUS e Web of Knowledge, Google Schoolar, databases were used to perform this study...
April 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744096/subjective-evaluation-of-uncorrected-vision-in-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-with-diffractive-multifocal-lenses-and-monovision
#3
Ricardo Alexandre Stock, Thaís Thumé, Luan Gabriel Paese, Elcio Luiz Bonamigo
PURPOSE: To analyze patient satisfaction and difficulties with bilateral multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) implantation and aspheric monofocal IOLs implantation using monovision, after cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 61 participants were included in the study, 29 with monovision and 32 with multifocal lenses. The inclusion criteria were patients undergoing phacoemulsification for bilateral visual impairment due to cataracts and presenting with postoperative visual acuity of 20/30 or better for distance and line J3 or better for near vision...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690444/the-benefits-of-a-real-time-web-based-response-system-for-enhancing-engaged-learning-in-classrooms-and-public-science-events
#4
Mark A Sarvary, Kathleen M Gifford
Large introduction to neuroscience classes and small science cafés have the same goal: bridging the gap between the presenter and the audience to convey the information while being engaging. Early classroom response systems became the cornerstone of flipped and engaged learning. These "clickers" helped turn lectures into dialogues, allowing the presenter to become a facilitator rather than a "sage on the stage." Rapid technological developments, especially the increase of computing power opened up new opportunities, moving these systems from a clicker device onto cellphones and laptops...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632188/smartphone-based-food-diagnostic-technologies-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Giovanni Rateni, Paolo Dario, Filippo Cavallo
A new generation of mobile sensing approaches offers significant advantages over traditional platforms in terms of test speed, control, low cost, ease-of-operation, and data management, and requires minimal equipment and user involvement. The marriage of novel sensing technologies with cellphones enables the development of powerful lab-on-smartphone platforms for many important applications including medical diagnosis, environmental monitoring, and food safety analysis. This paper reviews the recent advancements and developments in the field of smartphone-based food diagnostic technologies, with an emphasis on custom modules to enhance smartphone sensing capabilities...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538791/inconsistent-reports-of-risk-behavior-among-brazilian-middle-school-students-national-school-based-survey-of-adolescent-health-pense-2009-2012
#6
Dandara de Oliveira Ramos, Martin Daly, Maria Lucia Seidl-de-Moura, Rafael Tavares Jomar, Paulo Nadanovsky
This study assessed the consistency of self-reports of risk behavior (overall and within four specific domains: alcohol use, tobacco use, drug use, and sexual activity) in two editions of the Brazilian National School Based Survey of Adolescent Health (PeNSE): 2009 and 2012. The overall proportion of cases with at least one inconsistent response in the two editions was 11.7% (2.7% on the alcohol items, 2.1% for drug use, 4.3% for cigarette use, 3% for sexual activity) and 22.7% (12.8% on alcohol items, 2.5% for drug use, 4...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523643/cyberbullying-and-cybervictimization-within-a-cross-cultural-context-a%C3%A2-study-of-canadian-and-tanzanian-adolescents
#7
Jennifer D Shapka, Hezron Z Onditi, Rebecca J Collie, Noam Lapidot-Lefler
This study explored cyberbullying and cybervictimization (CBCV), for adolescents aged 11-15 from Tanzania (N = 426) and Canada (N = 592). Measurement invariance and model invariance was found for CBCV. In addition, multigroup structural equation modeling was used to explore several variables: age, gender, average hours online each day, accessing the Internet in a private location, having online privacy concerns, going online for social purposes, and motivation for cyberbullying. Results found interesting patterns within each country...
May 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454863/distracting-behaviors-among-teenagers-and-young-middle-aged-and-older-adult-drivers-when-driving-without-and-with-warnings-from-an-integrated-vehicle-safety-system
#8
David G Kidd, Mary Lynn Buonarosa
INTRODUCTION: Negative reinforcement from crash warnings may reduce the likelihood that drivers engage in distracted driving. Alternatively, drivers may compensate for the perceived safety benefit of crash warnings by engaging in distractions more frequently, especially at higher speeds. The purpose of this study was to examine whether warning feedback from an integrated vehicle-based safety system affected the likelihood that various secondary behaviors were present among drivers ages 16-17, 20-30, 40-50, and 60-70...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448641/detecting-glaucoma-with-a-portable-brain-computer-interface-for-objective-assessment-of-visual-function-loss
#9
Masaki Nakanishi, Yu-Te Wang, Tzyy-Ping Jung, John K Zao, Yu-Yi Chien, Alberto Diniz-Filho, Fabio B Daga, Yuan-Pin Lin, Yijun Wang, Felipe A Medeiros
Importance: The current assessment of visual field loss in diseases such as glaucoma is affected by the subjectivity of patient responses and the lack of portability of standard perimeters. Objective: To describe the development and initial validation of a portable brain-computer interface (BCI) for objectively assessing visual function loss. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case-control study involved 62 eyes of 33 patients with glaucoma and 30 eyes of 17 healthy participants...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414399/current-understanding-of-the-health-effects-of-electromagnetic-fields
#10
Tayaba Miah, Deepak Kamat
There has been an exponential increase in the use of electronic devices over the past few decades. This has led to increased exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF). Electric fields result from differences in voltage, whereas magnetic fields result from the flow of electric current. Higher-frequency waves of EMF have more energy than lower-frequency waves, and thus generally tend to be more harmful. An EMF activates cellular stress response and also causes breaks in DNA strands. There are many methodological barriers to effectively measuring the associations of EMF and childhood cancers...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346822/sensitivity-analysis-for-matched-pair-analysis-of-binary-data-from-worst-case-to-average-case-analysis
#11
Raiden Hasegawa, Dylan Small
In matched observational studies where treatment assignment is not randomized, sensitivity analysis helps investigators determine how sensitive their estimated treatment effect is to some unmeasured confounder. The standard approach calibrates the sensitivity analysis according to the worst case bias in a pair. This approach will result in a conservative sensitivity analysis if the worst case bias does not hold in every pair. In this paper, we show that for binary data, the standard approach can be calibrated in terms of the average bias in a pair rather than worst case bias...
March 27, 2017: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277487/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-to-maintain-suppression-of-hiv-viremia-after-prison-release-the-impact-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David A Wohl, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Michele Gould, Jessica Carda-Auten, Jennifer S Groves, Sonia Napravnik, Stephen R Cole, Becky L White, Cathie Fogel, David L Rosen, Michael J Mugavaro, Brian W Pence, Patrick M Flynn
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals transitioning from incarceration to the community are at risk for loss of viral suppression. We compared the effects of imPACT, a multidimensional intervention to promote care engagement after release, to standard care on sustaining viral suppression after community re-entry. METHODS: This trial randomized 405 HIV-infected inmates being released from prisons in Texas and North Carolina with HIV-1 RNA levels <400 copies/mL to imPACT versus standard care...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241418/the-effect-of-simulated-flash-heat-pasteurization-on-immune-components-of-human-milk
#13
Brodie Daniels, Stefan Schmidt, Tracy King, Kiersten Israel-Ballard, Kimberly Amundson Mansen, Anna Coutsoudis
A pasteurization temperature monitoring system has been designed using FoneAstra, a cellphone-based networked sensing system, to monitor simulated flash-heat (FH) pasteurization. This study compared the effect of the FoneAstra FH (F-FH) method with the Sterifeed Holder method currently used by human milk banks on human milk immune components (immunoglobulin A (IgA), lactoferrin activity, lysozyme activity, interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-10). Donor milk samples (N = 50) were obtained from a human milk bank, and pasteurized...
February 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110866/adolescent-weight-status-associations-with-structural-and-functional-dimensions-of-social-relations
#14
Heidi Hjort Kjelgaard, Bjørn Evald Holstein, Pernille Due, Carina Sjöberg Brixval, Mette Rasmussen
PURPOSE: To examine the associations between weight status and structural and functional dimensions of social relations among 11- to 15-year-old girls and boys. METHODS: Analyses were based on cross-sectional data from the Danish contribution to the international Health Behavior in School-aged Children study 2010. The study population (n = 4,922) included students in the fifth, seventh, and ninth grade from a representative sample of Danish schools. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to study the associations between weight status and social relations, supported by a conceptual framework for the study of social relations...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034414/the-effect-of-short-message-system-sms-reminder-on-adherence-to-a-healthy-diet-medication-and-cessation-of-smoking-among-adult-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#15
Laila M Akhu-Zaheya, Wa'ed Y Shiyab
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular Disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Non-adherence to a recommended regimen among patients with Cardiovascular Diseases represents a significant problem which could lead to an increase in Cardiovascular Diseases. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the effects of Short Message System (SMS) reminders on adherence to a healthy diet, medication, and cessation of smoking among adult patients with Cardiovascular Diseases. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial design with three groups was used for this study...
February 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976700/high-throughput-and-automated-diagnosis-of-antimicrobial-resistance-using-a-cost-effective-cellphone-based-micro-plate-reader
#16
Steve Feng, Derek Tseng, Dino Di Carlo, Omai B Garner, Aydogan Ozcan
Routine antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) can prevent deaths due to bacteria and reduce the spread of multi-drug-resistance, but cannot be regularly performed in resource-limited-settings due to technological challenges, high-costs, and lack of trained professionals. We demonstrate an automated and cost-effective cellphone-based 96-well microtiter-plate (MTP) reader, capable of performing AST without the need for trained diagnosticians. Our system includes a 3D-printed smartphone attachment that holds and illuminates the MTP using a light-emitting-diode array...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845533/how-people-with-serious-mental-illness-use-smartphones-mobile-apps-and-social-media
#17
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: Research shows that people with serious mental illness are increasingly using mobile devices. Less is known about how these individuals use their mobile devices or whether they access social media. We surveyed individuals with serious mental illness to explore their use of these technologies. METHOD: Individuals with serious mental illness engaged in lifestyle interventions through community mental health centers completed a survey about their use of mobile and online technologies...
December 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798390/smartphone-use-among-postpartum-women-and-implications-for-personal-health-record-utilization
#18
Nadira Fernandez, Danis J Copenhaver, David K Vawdrey, Helen Kotchoubey, Melissa S Stockwell
Personal health records (PHRs) have the potential to improve incomplete health records. However, internet access through traditional methods may be limited for populations most at risk for fragmented care. A convenience sample of postpartum women at a community hospital and tertiary-care academic center in New York City completed a self-administered survey. Most (75.2%, n = 200) women approached participated. The majority (70.0%) were Latina, 53.5% were Spanish speakers, 23.4% were uninsured, and 41.6% were publicly insured...
April 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743459/ownership-of-consumer-electronics-is-associated-with-measures-of-adiposity-during-health-transition-in-vanuatu
#19
Cheng Sun, Alysa Pomer, Kelsey N Dancause, Chim W Chan, Kathryn M Olszowy, Harold Silverman, Gwang Lee, Len Tarivonda, George Taleo, Ralph Regenvanu, Akira Kaneko, Charles A Weitz, Ralph M Garruto, J Koji Lum
OBJECTIVE: The Republic of Vanuatu, like many developing nations, is undergoing a rapid health transition. Our previous study identified several behavioral risk factors for the rising prevalence of obesity. Unexpectedly, daily time spent using television and radio was revealed as a protective factor for obesity in 2007. In this study, we sought to explore associations between ownership of consumer electronics (CE) and measures of adiposity in Vanuatu in 2011. METHODS: We surveyed 873 adults from five islands varying in level of economic development...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711032/announcement-national-bullying-prevention-awareness-month-october-2016
#20
(no author information available yet)
Bullying among youths is defined as any unwanted aggressive behavior by another youth or group of youths who are not siblings or current dating partners and involves an observed or perceived power imbalance, and is repeated multiple times or is highly likely to be repeated (1). As a form of youth violence, bullying can include aggression that is physical (hitting or tripping), verbal (name calling or teasing), or relational/social (rumor spreading or leaving out of a group). Electronic aggression, or cyber-bullying, is bullying that occurs through the Internet, cellphone technology, and social media (e...
October 7, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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