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acne antibiotics

Anaïs L Carniciu, Jonathan Chou, Ilya Leskov, Suzanne K Freitag
PURPOSE: This study retrospectively reviews preseptal cellulitis and abscesses involving the eyebrow to elucidate the bacteriology and potential causative factors. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify patients who had been diagnosed with preseptal cellulitis or abscess involving the eyebrow at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary between 2008 and 2015. Demographic, clinical, and microbiological data were collected. RESULTS: Eighty patients with eyebrow infections were identified, of whom 49 (61...
October 5, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Alice Gottlieb, Alan Menter, April Armstrong, Christopher Ocampo, Yihua Gu, Henrique D Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS), also known as acne inversa, is a painful, chronic, debilitating, inflammatory skin disease and has shown response to anti-TNF-α therapy. Efficacy and safety of the anti-TNF-α agent, adalimumab, was assessed in a post hoc analysis of women from the first 16 weeks of a phase 2 study of men and women with HS. METHODS: Patients with moderate-to-severe HS in at least 2 body areas, unresponsive or intolerant to oral antibiotics for treatment of their HS, and with no previous anti-TNF-a or systemic non-biologic treatment, were randomized 1:1:1 to 40 mg adalimumab-weekly or every-other-week, or placebo...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Suresh Sadhasivam, Sekar Palanivel, Shamik Ghosh
Antimicrobials from natural sources have gained immense importance in recent times to combat the global challenge of antibiotic resistance. Essential oils are implicated in antimicrobial action against several species. Here we have screened nine commercially available essential oils for their antimicrobial activity against organisms associated with skin, scalp and nail infections mainly Propionibacterium acnes, Malassezia spp, Candida albicans and Trichophyton spp. Among nine essential oils, B. serrata essential oil demonstrated superior antimicrobial activity against all the microorganisms and surprisingly it showed maximum activity against Trichophyton spp...
October 12, 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
B Lakshmi Divya, P Narasimha Rao
SAPHO syndrome (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis), a rare inflammatory disorder, is an association of distinct skin disorders with pustules with osteoarticular inflammation. Its etiology remains unclear, and various treatment regimens frequently fail to control the disease. An 18-year-old male patient presented to the outpatient department with severe nodulocystic acne on the face with pain at both the wrists and lower back associated with high-grade fever and chills. On physical examination, he had severe tenderness at both wrist joints and lower back, along with swelling of right wrist...
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
M Daniel Hatch, Stephen D Daniels, Kimberly M Glerum, Laurence D Higgins
BACKGROUND: Increasing methicillin resistance and recognition of Propionibacterium acnes as a cause of infection in shoulder arthroplasty has led to the adoption of local vancomycin powder application as a more effective method to prevent expensive periprosthetic infections. However, no study has analyzed the cost effectiveness of vancomycin powder for preventing infection after shoulder replacement. METHODS: Cost data for infection-related care of 16 patients treated for deep periprosthetic shoulder infection was collected from our institution for the break-even analysis...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Anika C Jahns, Hinnerk Eilers, Oleg A Alexeyev
Propionibacterium acnes is a well-known commensal of the human skin connected to acne vulgaris and joint infections. It is extensively studied in planktonic cultures in the laboratory settings but occurs naturally in biofilms. In this study we have developed an in vitro biofilm model of P. acnes and studied growth features, matrix composition, matrix penetration by fluorescent-labeled antibiotics as well as gene expression. Antibiotic susceptibility of biofilms was studied and could be enhanced by increased glucose concentrations...
October 7, 2016: Anaerobe
N A Francis, K Entwistle, M Santer, A M Layton, E A Eady, C C Butler
BACKGROUND: Effective management of acne vulgaris in primary care involves support (usually provided over a number of consultations) and prescribing effective treatments. However, consulting and prescribing patterns for acne in primary care are not well described. OBJECTIVE: To describe the rate of primary care consultations and follow-up consultations; prescribing patterns, including overall use of acne related medications (ARM) and initial and follow-up prescribing, for acne vulgaris in the UK...
September 22, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Abdullah Alakeel, Marie Ferneiny, Nicole Auffret, Christine Bodemer
Acne fulminans (AF) is a rare manifestation and the most severe form of the entire clinical spectrum of acne. The disease is destructive and is characterized by the sudden onset of painful and ulcerative pustules and systemic symptoms including high fever, hepatomegaly, polyarthralgia, leukocytosis, plaquetose, and increased inflammatory markers and transaminases. Osteolytic lesions in multiple skeletal sites could also be associated. The use of isotretinoin is considered a related trigger, as well as the use and cessation of testosterone, although a bacterial infection, a drug-induced disease, or an intake of anabolic androgenic steroids has been suggested...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Monika V Patidar, Ashish Ramchandra Deshmukh, Maruti Yadav Khedkar
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common disease of the skin affecting adolescents and young adults causing psychological distress. The combination of antibiotic resistance, adverse effects of topical and systemic anti acne medications and desire for high tech approaches have all led to new enthusiasm for light based acne treatment. Intense pulse light (IPL) therapy has three modes of action in acne vulgaris i.e., photochemical, photo thermal and photo immunological. AIMS: (1) to study efficacy of IPL therapy in facial acne vulgaris...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Corina G Heidrich, Sanya Mitova, Andreas Schedlbauer, Sean R Connell, Paola Fucini, Judith N Steenbergen, Christian Berens
Omadacycline is an aminomethylcycline antibiotic with potent activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens, including strains carrying the major efflux and ribosome protection resistance determinants. This makes it a promising candidate for therapy of severe infectious diseases. Omadacycline inhibits bacterial protein biosynthesis and competes with tetracycline for binding to the ribosome. Its interactions with the 70S ribosome were, therefore, analyzed in great detail and compared with tigecycline and tetracycline...
2016: Antibiotics
Jinseong Jeon, Hyuck Jun Mok, Youngwoo Choi, Seung Chul Park, Hunho Jo, Jin Her, Jin-Kwan Han, Yoon-Keun Kim, Kwang Pyo Kim, Changill Ban
Extracellular vesicle (EV) has been reported to conduct critical pathophysiological functions as an emerging mode of communication in bacteria. Recently, Propionibacterium acnes, an anaerobic Gram-positive human commensal found in the skin and gastrointestinal tract, has drawn increasing attention as an underestimated pathogen in a variety of diseases. For the comprehensive understanding of P. acnes, here we report the isolation of P. acnes EVs for the first time and identification of 252 vesicular proteins with high confidence using triplicate LC-MS/MS analyses...
September 5, 2016: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
Elizabeth M Pinder, Joshua Cy Ong, R Stephen Bale, Ian A Trail
Prosthetic shoulder infection can cause significant morbidity secondary to pain and stiffness. Symptoms may be present for years before diagnosis because clinical signs are often absent and inflammatory markers may be normal. An emerging common culprit, Propionibacterium acnes, is hard to culture and so prolonged incubation is necessary. A negative culture result does not always exclude infection and new synovial fluid biochemical markers such as α defensin are less sensitive than for lower limb arthroplasty...
July 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
Dan Lebowitz, Benjamin Kressmann, Shpresa Gjoni, Besa Zenelaj, Olivier Grosgurin, Christophe Marti, Matthieu Zingg, Ilker Uçkay
Some patient populations and types of orthopaedic surgery could be at particular risk for anaerobic infections. In this retrospective cohort study of operated adult patients with infections from 2004 to 2014, we assessed obligate anaerobes and considered first clinical infection episodes. Anaerobes, isolated from intra-operative samples, were identified in 2.4% of 2740 surgical procedures, of which half (33/65; 51%) were anaerobic monomicrobial infections. Propionibacterium acnes, a penicillin and vancomycin susceptible pathogen, was the predominantly isolated anaerobe...
August 31, 2016: Infectious Diseases
Theresa N Canavan, Edward Chen, Boni E Elewski
Acne is a very common non-infectious skin condition that is frequently treated in dermatological practices. Because acne is often chronic and may persist for years, safe and effective long-term maintenance therapy is often required. Given the increasing frequency of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the gravity of the consequences of this trend, it behooves dermatologists to maximize use of non-antimicrobial therapy when treating acne. In this review of the literature we present data regarding the efficacy and appropriate use of non-antimicrobial treatments for acne...
August 19, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
Ana Montalban-Arques, Philipp Wurm, Slave Trajanoski, Silvia Schauer, Sabine Kienesberger, Bettina Halwachs, Christoph Högenauer, Cord Langner, Gregor Gorkiewicz
Corpus-dominant lymphocytic gastritis (LyG) is characterized by a CD8(+) T-cell infiltration of the stomach epithelium due to a so far uncharacterized mechanism. While Helicobacter pylori is typically undetectable in LyG, patients respond to H. pylori antibiotic eradication therapy, suggesting a non-H. pylori microbial trigger for the disease. Comparative microbiota analysis of specimens from LyG, H. pylori gastritis and healthy controls precluded involvement of H. pylori in LyG but identified Propionibacterium acnes as a possible disease trigger...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Pathology
Linda F Stein Gold
Acne vulgaris is one of the most prevalent skin conditions. Antibiotics, when considered, are most effective in combination with other therapies, and limited evidence suggests that submicrobial doses of antibiotics may improve acne without increasing the risk for antibiotic resistance. A small but significant risk for inflammatory bowel disease has also been identified in children treated with multiple courses of antibiotics. New topical agents are expanding therapeutic options for acne. Semin Cutan Med Surg 35(supp6):S114-S116...
June 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Lizelle Fox, Candice Csongradi, Marique Aucamp, Jeanetta du Plessis, Minja Gerber
Acne is a common inflammatory skin disease which affects the pilosebaceous units of the skin. It can have severe psychological effects and can leave the patient with severe skin scarring. There are four well-recognized pathological factors responsible for acne which is also the target for acne therapy. In this review, different treatment options are discussed, including topical (i.e., retinoids, and antibiotics) and systemic (i.e., retinoids, antibiotics, and hormonal) treatments. Since the general public has been showing an increasing interest in more natural and generally safer treatment options, the use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) for treating acne was also discussed...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
John S Barbieri, Ole Hoffstad, David J Margolis
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend limiting the duration of oral antibiotic therapy in acne to 3 to 6 months and prescribing concomitant topical retinoids for all patients. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the duration of therapy with oral tetracyclines and the use of topical retinoids among patients with acne treated primarily by general practitioners in the United Kingdom. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Health Improvement Network database...
August 5, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
James Q Del Rosso, Guy F Webster, Ted Rosen, Diane Thiboutot, James J Leyden, Richard Gallo, Clay Walker, George Zhanel, Lawrence Eichenfield
Oral and topical antibiotics are commonly prescribed in dermatologie practice, often for noninfectious disorders, such as acne vulgaris and rosacea. Concerns related to antibiotic exposure from both medical and nonmedical sources require that clinicians consider in each case why and how antibiotics are being used and to make appropriate adjustments to limit antibiotic exposure whenever possible. This first article of a three-part series discusses prescribing patterns in dermatology, provides an overview of sources of antibiotic exposure, reviews the relative correlations between the magnitude of antibiotic consumption and emergence of antibiotic resistance patterns, evaluates the impact of alterations in antibiotic prescribing, and discusses the potential relevance and clinical sequelae of antibiotic use, with emphasis on how antibiotics are used in dermatology...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Ryan Vetor, Clinton K Murray, Katrin Mende, Rachel Melton-Kreft, Kevin S Akers, Joseph Wenke, Tracy Spirk, Charles Guymon, Wendy Zera, Miriam L Beckius, Elizabeth R Schnaubelt, Garth Ehrlich, Todd J Vento
BACKGROUND: The role of microbial colonization in disease is complex. Novel molecular tools to detect colonization offer theoretical improvements over traditional methods. We evaluated PCR/Electrospray Ionization-Time-of-Flight-Mass Spectrometry (PCR/ESI-TOF-MS) as a screening tool to study colonization of healthy military service members. METHODS: We assessed 101 healthy Soldiers using PCR/ESI-TOF-MS on nares, oropharynx, and groin specimens for the presence of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria (GNB), fungi, and antibiotic resistance genes...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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