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Applied behaviour analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440958/readiness-for-hospital-discharge-a-concept-analysis
#1
Eileen Catherine Galvin, Teresa Wills, Alice Coffey
AIM: To report on an analysis on the concept of 'readiness for hospital discharge'. BACKGROUND: No uniform operational definition of 'readiness for hospital discharge' exists in the literature, therefore a concept analysis is required to clarify the concept and identify an up to date understanding of readiness for hospital discharge. Clarity of the concept will identify all uses of the concept; provide conceptual clarity, an operational definition and direction for further research...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440581/the-toxicity-of-silver-to-soil-organisms-exposed-to-silver-nanoparticles-and-silver-nitrate-in-biosolids-amended-field-soil
#2
Alexander H Jesmer, Jessica R Velicogna, Dina M Schwertfeger, Richard P Scroggins, Juliska I Princz
The use of engineered silver nanoparticles (AgNP) is widespread, with expected release to the terrestrial environment through the application of biosolids onto agricultural lands. The toxicity of AgNP and AgNO3 (as ionic Ag(+) ) to plant (Elymus lanceolatus and Trifolium pratense) and soil invertebrate (Eisenia andrei and Folsomia candida) species was assessed using silver-amended biosolids applied to a natural sandy loam soil. Bioavailable Ag(+) in soil samples was estimated using an ion-exchange technique applied to KNO3 soil extracts while exposure to dispersible AgNP was verified by single particle-ICP-MS and TEM-EDS analysis...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439896/topical-corticosteroid-phobia-in-atopic-dermatitis-international-feasibility-study-of-the-topicop-score
#3
Jean-Francois Stalder, Hélène Aubert, Emmanuelle Anthoine, Leila Moret, Sebastien Barbarot, Masaki Futamura, Danielle Marcoux, Marie-Anne Morren, Magdalena Trzeciak, Zsuzsanna Szalai, Klára Veres, Mette Deleuran, Christian Vestergaard, Franck Boralevi, Chua-Yu Chu, Linda De Raeve, Åke Svensson, Regina Fölster-Holst, Matthias Buchner, Roberto Takaoka, Valeria Aoki, Pavel Chernyshov, Luidmyla Chernyshova, Dedee F Murrell, Cathy Zhao, Carola Duran Mckinster, Laura Von Kobyletzky, Laurence Eichenfield, Christine Totri, Peter Lio, Julien Seneschal
BACKGROUND: Adherence to topical corticosteroids (TCS) is essential for the effective treatment of atopic dermatitis but can be limited by concerns about their use. This study examined the feasibility of applying the validated TOPICOP score for assessing TCS phobia across different countries. METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter feasibility study conducted in 21 hospitals in 17 countries. Patients >3 months of age with atopic dermatitis or their parents or legal representatives completed a validated translation of the TOPICOP questionnaire in the country's native language...
April 25, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430928/typology-and-dynamics-of-heavier-drinking-styles-in-great-britain-1978-2010
#4
Robin C Purshouse, Alan Brennan, Daniel Moyo, James Nicholls, Paul Norman
Aims: To identify a typology of heavier drinking styles in Great Britain and to identify socio-demographic trends in the typology over the period 1978-2010. Methods: We applied multiple correspondence analysis and agglomerative hierarchical clustering to beverage-specific quantity-frequency measures of alcohol consumption in the repeated cross-sectional General Lifestyle Survey of Great Britain, 1978-2010. The cluster analysis focuses on the 60,043 adult respondents over this period reporting average drinking levels above the UK Government guidelines...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426293/identifying-thermal-breakdown-products-of-thermoplastics
#5
Marianne Guillemot, Benoît Oury, Sandrine Melin
Polymers processed to produce plastic articles are subjected to temperatures between 150°C and 450°C or more during overheated processing and breakdowns. Heat-based processing of this nature can lead to emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the thermoplastic processing shop. In this study, laboratory experiments, qualitative and quantitative emissions measurement in thermoplastic factories were carried out. The first step was to identify the compounds released depending on the thermoplastic nature, the temperature and the type of process...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404826/multi-sensory-coding-in-the-multiple-demand-regions-vibrotactile-task-information-is-coded-in-frontoparietal-cortex
#6
Alexandra Woolgar, Regine Zopf
At any given moment, our brains receive input from multiple senses. Successful behaviour depends on our ability to prioritise the most important information and ignore the rest. A multiple-demand (MD) network of frontal and parietal regions is thought to support this process by adjusting to code information that is currently relevant (Duncan 2010). Accordingly, the network is proposed to encode a range of different types of information, including perceptual stimuli, task rules, and responses, as needed for the current cognitive operation...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402085/decision-aids-for-people-facing-health-treatment-or-screening-decisions
#7
REVIEW
Dawn Stacey, France Légaré, Krystina Lewis, Michael J Barry, Carol L Bennett, Karen B Eden, Margaret Holmes-Rovner, Hilary Llewellyn-Thomas, Anne Lyddiatt, Richard Thomson, Lyndal Trevena
BACKGROUND: Decision aids are interventions that support patients by making their decisions explicit, providing information about options and associated benefits/harms, and helping clarify congruence between decisions and personal values. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of decision aids in people facing treatment or screening decisions. SEARCH METHODS: Updated search (2012 to April 2015) in CENTRAL; MEDLINE; Embase; PsycINFO; and grey literature; includes CINAHL to September 2008...
April 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399354/epidemiology-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-shumadia-district-serbia-a-fifteen-year-retrospective-study
#8
Snežana Radovanović, Dragan Vasiljević, Mirjana Milosavljević, Ivana Simić-Vukomanović, Svetlana Radević, Nataša Mihailović, Sanja Kocić
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze epidemiological characteristics of suicide, as well as to emphasize possible risk factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, covering the period of fifteen years (1996-2010), which aims at discovering the relevant factors which have an influence on suicidal behaviour. This research uses the data from the documentation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia and Police Department in Kragujevac, hospitalization reports of patients treated at Psychiatric Clinic of the Clinical Centre Kragujevac, as well as the medical records of patients treated at the Health Centre Kragujevac...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399014/physiotherapists-behaviour-attitudes-awareness-knowledge-and-barriers-in-relation-to-evidence-based-practice-implementation-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Mansour A Alshehri, Ahmed Alalawi, Hammad Alhasan, Emma Stokes
AIM: The implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is extremely important and plays a vital role in healthcare practice. There have been few studies concerning the level of healthcare provided to patients in Saudi Arabia, using EBP as an indicator. This study is aimed at investigating physiotherapists' behaviour, attitudes, awareness and knowledge about EBP, along with barriers that curb the implementation of EBP. METHODS: A sample of convenience was used and an online survey consisting of 14 closed-ended questions was given to both clinical and academic physiotherapists in Saudi Arabia from May to October 2016...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397633/psychosocial-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-after-man-made-and-natural-disasters-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#10
R C Brown, A Witt, J M Fegert, F Keller, M Rassenhofer, P L Plener
Children and adolescents are a vulnerable group to develop post-traumatic stress symptoms after natural or man-made disasters. In the light of increasing numbers of refugees under the age of 18 years worldwide, there is a significant need for effective treatments. This meta-analytic review investigates specific psychosocial treatments for children and adolescents after man-made and natural disasters. In a systematic literature search using MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO, as well as hand-searching existing reviews and contacting professional associations, 36 studies were identified...
April 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397317/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-risk-minimisation-measures-the-application-of-a-conceptual-framework-to-danish-real-world-dabigatran-data
#11
REVIEW
Martin Erik Nyeland, Mona Vestergaard Laursen, Torbjörn Callréus
PURPOSE: For both marketing authorization holders and regulatory authorities, evaluating the effectiveness of risk minimization measures is now an integral part of pharmacovigilance in the European Union. The overall aim of activities in this area is to assess the performance of risk minimization measures implemented in order to ensure a positive benefit-risk balance in patients treated with a medicinal product. METHODS: Following a review of the relevant literature, we developed a conceptual framework consisting of four domains (data, knowledge, behaviour and outcomes) intended for the evaluation of risk minimization measures put into practice in the Danish health-care system...
April 11, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392925/antibiotic-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-albanian-health-care-professionals-and-patients-a-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Susanne Kaae, Admir Malaj, Iris Hoxha
BACKGROUND: The inappropriate use of antimicrobials is a problem worldwide. To target future interventions, a thorough understanding of the reasons behind this current behaviour is needed. Within the EU, the culture of antimicrobial use has been intensely studied, but this is not the case in non-EU southeastern European countries, despite the frequent use of (broad-spectrum) antibiotics (ABs) in this region. The aim of this study was to explore AB knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of health care professionals (HCPs) and patients in one southeastern European country, Albania...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390287/influence-of-the-fixation-region-of-a-press-fit-hip-endoprosthesis-on-the-stress-strain-state-of-the-bone-implant-system
#13
Ievgen Levadnyi, Jan Awrejcewicz, Márcio Fagundes Goethel, Alexander Loskutov
Although significant progress has been made in the development of total hip replacement, behaviour of the femoral component of an endoprosthesis in relation to the type of its fixation in the bone is still not fully understood. In this paper, behaviour of the femoral bone and the stem prosthesis is studied taking into account different types of prosthesis fixation in the medullary canal of the femur under the action of functional loads. For an analysis, a three-dimensional model of a femur has been developed based on the results of a computed tomography...
April 2, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381931/perceived-stress-and-coping-styles-among-malay-caregivers-of-children-with-learning-disabilities-in-kelantan
#14
Siti Nor Ismalina Isa, Ismarulyusda Ishak, Azriani Ab Rahman, Nur Zakiah Mohd Saat, Normah Che Din, Syarif Husin Lubis, Muhammad Faiz Mohd Ismail
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of children with learning disabilities have been shown to experience increased stress and greater negative caregiving consequences than those with typically developing children. There remains a lack of studies focusing on stress and coping mechanisms among caregivers of a wider age group and diagnosis of individuals with disabilities in Asian countries. The current study examines levels of perceived stress and associated child and caregiver factors among caregivers of children with learning disabilities in the Malaysian context...
March 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381862/synthesis-and-characterization-of-porous-mnco2o4-for-electrochemical-determination-of-cadmium-ions-in-water-samples
#15
Murugan Velmurugan, Shen-Ming Chen
To utilize the maximum activity of nanomaterials, it was specifically synthesized by appropriate physicochemical properties. In that aspect, we have described the synthesis of porous MnCo2O4 by simple chemical route and applied for the selective detection of cadmium (Cd (II)). The as-prepared porous MnCo2O4 was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) adsorption isotherm, X-ray diffraction pattern analysis (XRD), Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and electrochemical techniques...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379324/are-changes-in-alcohol-consumption-among-swedish-youth-really-occurring-in-concert-a-new-perspective-using-quantile-regression
#16
Zangin Zeebari, Andreas Lundin, Paul W Dickman, Mats Hallgren
Aims: Recent studies of youth alcohol consumption indicate a collective downward drinking trend at all levels of consumption, i.e. reductions occurring 'in concert'. We re-examine the collectivity of drinking theory by applying quantile regression methods to the analysis and interpretation of Swedish youth alcohol consumption. Method: Changes in youth alcohol consumption between 2000 and 2014 were assessed using a school-based survey conducted in Stockholm (n = 86,402)...
April 4, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378924/educational-and-behavioural-interventions-for-anticoagulant-therapy-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#17
REVIEW
Danielle E Clarkesmith, Helen M Pattison, Phyo H Khaing, Deirdre A Lane
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend oral anticoagulation therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with one or more risk factors for stroke; however, anticoagulation control (time in therapeutic range (TTR)) with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) is dependent on many factors. Educational and behavioural interventions may impact patients' ability to maintain their international normalised ratio (INR) control. This is an updated version of the original review first published in 2013...
April 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376246/non-technical-skills-of-surgeons-and-anaesthetists-in-simulated-operating-theatre-crises
#18
A G Doumouras, M Hamidi, K Lung, C L Tarola, M W Tsao, J W Scott, D S Smink, S Yule
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in non-technical skills (NTS) have been increasingly implicated in avoidable operating theatre errors. Accordingly, this study sought to characterize the impact of surgeon and anaesthetist non-technical skills on time to crisis resolution in a simulated operating theatre. METHODS: Non-technical skills were assessed during 26 simulated crises (haemorrhage and airway emergency) performed by surgical teams. Teams consisted of surgeons, anaesthetists and nurses...
April 4, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375423/front-microrheology-of-the-non-newtonian-behaviour-of-blood-scaling-theory-of-erythrocyte-aggregation-by-aging
#19
C Trejo-Soto, E Costa-Miracle, I Rodriguez-Villarreal, J Cid, M Castro, T Alarcon, A Hernandez-Machado
We introduce a new framework to study the non-Newtonian behaviour of fluids at the microscale based on the analysis of front advancement. We apply this methodology to study the non-linear rheology of blood in microchannels. We carry out experiments in which the non-linear viscosity of blood samples is quantified at different haematocrits and ages. Under these conditions, blood exhibits a power-law dependence on the shear rate. In order to analyse our experimental data, we put forward a scaling theory which allows us to define an adhesion scaling number...
April 19, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364687/comorbidity-family-history-and-personality-traits-in-pathological-gamblers-compared-with-healthy-controls
#20
K Mann, T Lemenager, E Zois, S Hoffmann, H Nakovics, M Beutel, M Vogelgesang, K Wölfling, F Kiefer, M Fauth-Bühler
BACKGROUND: While DSM-5 classified pathological gambling as an addictive disorder, there is debate as to whether ICD-11 should follow suit. The debate hinges on scientific evidence such as neurobiological findings, family history of psychiatric disorders, psychiatric comorbidity, and personality variables. METHODS: In the "Baden-Württemberg Study of Pathological Gambling", we compared a group of 515 male pathological gamblers receiving treatment with 269 matched healthy controls...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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