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Dopamine and memory

Matthew A Weber, Eric T Graack, Jamie L Scholl, Kenneth J Renner, Gina L Forster, Michael J Watt
Adult psychiatric disorders characterized by cognitive deficits reliant on prefrontal cortex (PFC) dopamine are promoted by teenage bullying. Similarly, male Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to social defeat in mid-adolescence (P35-39) show impaired working memory in adulthood (P56-70), along with decreased medial PFC (mPFC) dopamine activity that results in part from increased dopamine transporter-mediated clearance. Here, we determined if dopamine synthesis and D2 autoreceptor-mediated inhibition of dopamine release in the adult mPFC are also enhanced by adolescent defeat to contribute to later dopamine hypofunction...
June 14, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Mareike Clos, Tobias Sommer, Signe L Schneider, Michael Rose
During incidental learning statistical regularities are extracted from the environment without the intention to learn. Acquired implicit memory of these regularities can affect behavior in the absence of awareness. However, conscious insight in the underlying regularities can also develop during learning. Such emergence of explicit memory is an important learning mechanism that is assumed to involve prediction errors in the striatum and to be dopamine-dependent. Here we directly tested this hypothesis by manipulating dopamine levels during incidental learning in a modified serial reaction time task (SRTT) featuring a hidden regular sequence of motor responses in a placebo-controlled between-group study...
2018: PloS One
Alireza Salami, Anna Rieckmann, Nina Karalija, Bárbara Avelar-Pereira, Micael Andersson, Anders Wåhlin, Goran Papenberg, Douglas D Garrett, Katrine Riklund, Martin Lövdén, Ulman Lindenberger, Lars Bäckman, Lars Nyberg
Individuals differ in how they perceive, remember, and think. There is evidence for the existence of distinct subgroups that differ in cognitive performance within the older population. However, it is less clear how individual differences in cognition in old age are linked to differences in brain-based measures. We used latent-profile analysis on n-back working-memory (WM) performance to identify subgroups in a large sample of older adults (n = 181; age = 64-68 years). Our analysis identified one larger normal subgroup with higher performance (n = 113; 63%), and a second smaller subgroup (n = 55; 31%) with lower performance...
July 1, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
Young-Cho Kim, Nandakumar S Narayanan
Considerable evidence has shown that prefrontal neurons expressing D1-type dopamine receptors (D1DRs) are critical for working memory, flexibility, and timing. This line of work predicts that frontal neurons expressing D1DRs mediate cognitive processing. During timing tasks, one form this cognitive processing might take is time-dependent ramping activity-monotonic changes in firing rate over time. Thus, we hypothesized the prefrontal D1DR+ neurons would strongly exhibit time-dependent ramping during interval timing...
June 12, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
Harumasa Takano
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a non-invasive imaging technique used to assess various brain functions, including cerebral blood flow, glucose metabolism, and neurotransmission, in the living human brain. In particular, neurotransmission mediated by the monoamine neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine, has been extensively examined using PET probes, which specifically bind to the monoamine receptors and transporters. This useful tool has revealed the pathophysiology of various psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, and the mechanisms of action of psychotropic drugs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Takaaki Kawano, Hidehiro Oshibuchi, Masahiko Kawano, Hiroyuki Muraoka, Takahiro Tsutsumi, Makiko Yamada, Jun Ishigooka, Katsuji Nishimura, Ken Inada
Although the benzodiazepine class of drugs has proven useful in treating anxiety symptoms, recent studies yield no consistent empirical support for their use in treating psychiatric disorders. However, animal studies using a fear conditioning paradigm have suggested that benzodiazepines facilitate fear memory extinction, dependent on treatment timing and subject conditions. However, we have no data on the effect of subject conditions. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the effect of benzodiazepines depends on hypersensitivity to fear-memory processing...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Christian Panitz, Matthias F J Sperl, Juergen Hennig, Tim Klucken, Christiane Hermann, Erik M Mueller
Individual differences in long-term stability of fear memories are of potential relevance for stable dispositions related to threat processing, such as neuroticism/anxiety and fearfulness. As previous research suggests a prominent role of dopamine for the retention of conditioned and extinguished fear, dopaminergic gene polymorphisms may also relate to individual differences in fear stability. While the COMT Val158Met polymorphism causes individual differences in prefrontal dopamine, its associations with human long-term fear extinction are currently unknown...
June 5, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Ali Ghanbari, Nasroallah Moradi Kor, Ali Rashidy-Pour
Previous studies have shown that the neuropeptide bombesin (BBS) enhances consolidation of specifically for inhibitory avoidance memory in adult rats. However, its effect on memory consolidation during premature period is not clear as well. Thus, this study evaluated the effect of BBS and its interaction with glutamatergic and dopaminergic systems on memory consolidation in rat pups. Male and female rat pups (30 days old) were trained in an inhibitory avoidance (IA) task (0.5 mA, 3 s footshock). Memory retention was tested 24 h later during which the latency to re-enter to the shock compartment was recorded...
June 1, 2018: Neuropeptides
Matthew J Blake, John A Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
There is robust evidence of an association between insomnia, anxiety, and depression in adolescence. The aim of this review is to describe and synthesize potential mechanisms underlying this association and explore implications for the design of adolescent behavioral sleep interventions. Specifically, we examine whether insomnia symptoms are a mechanism for the development of internalizing symptoms in adolescence and whether sleep interventions are an effective treatment for both insomnia and internalizing symptoms in adolescence because they target the shared mechanisms underlying these disorders...
May 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Richard S E Keefe, Philip D Harvey, Anzalee Khan, Jay B Saoud, Corinne Staner, Michael Davidson, Remy Luthringer
OBJECTIVE: Current dopamine-blocking antipsychotic drugs have little impact on the cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia. We evaluated whether MIN-101, a molecule that combines sigma-2 antagonism and 5-HT2A antagonism, might improve cognitive deficits in individuals with moderate to severe negative symptoms in schizophrenia. METHODS: Individuals (N = 244) aged 18 to 60 years with stable symptoms of DSM-5-defined schizophrenia and moderate to severe negative symptoms were randomized to placebo (n = 83), MIN-101 32 mg (n = 78), or MIN-101 64 mg (n = 83) in a 12-week, phase 2b, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial between May 2015 and December 2015...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Tong Xiao, Cheri M Ackerman, Elizabeth C Carroll, Shang Jia, Adam Hoagland, Jefferson Chan, Bao Thai, Christine S Liu, Ehud Y Isacoff, Christopher J Chang
The unusually high demand for metals in the brain, along with insufficient understanding of how their dysregulation contributes to neurological diseases, motivates the study of how inorganic chemistry influences neural circuitry. We now report that the transition metal copper is essential for regulating rest-activity cycles and arousal. Copper imaging and gene expression analysis in zebrafish identifies the locus coeruleus-norepinephrine (LC-NE) system, a vertebrate-specific neuromodulatory circuit critical for regulating sleep, arousal, attention, memory and emotion, as a copper-enriched unit with high levels of copper transporters CTR1 and ATP7A and the copper enzyme dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH) that produces NE...
June 4, 2018: Nature Chemical Biology
Chelsea T Tiernan, Stephen D Ginsberg, Bin He, Sarah M Ward, Angela L Guillozet-Bongaarts, Nicholas M Kanaan, Elliott J Mufson, Scott E Counts
Cholinergic basal forebrain neurons of the nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM) regulate attentional and memory function and are exquisitely prone to tau pathology and neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) formation during the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). nbM neurons require the neurotrophin nerve growth factor (NGF), its cognate receptor TrkA, and the pan-neurotrophin receptor p75NTR for their maintenance and survival. Additionally, nbM neuronal activity and cholinergic tone are regulated by the expression of nicotinic (nAChR) and muscarinic (mAChR) acetylcholine receptors as well as receptors modulating glutamatergic and catecholaminergic afferent signaling...
May 31, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
Ioanna Giannopoulou, Marianna A Pagida, Despina D Briana, Maria T Panayotacopoulou
Brain development is influenced by various prenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal events which may interact with genotype to affect the neural and psychophysiological systems related to emotions, specific cognitive functions (e.g., attention, memory), and language abilities and thereby heighten the risk for psychopathology later in life. Fetal hypoxia (intrapartum oxygen deprivation), hypoxia-related obstetric complications, and hypoxia during the early neonatal period are major environmental risk factors shown to be associated with an increased risk for later psychopathology...
March 2018: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Arun Parashar, Vineet Mehta, Udayabanu Malairaman
Objective: Diabetic neuropathy is a chronic and often disabling condition that affects a significant number of individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM). It is now established that DM causes various CNS complications like Alzheimer's, dementia, anxiety, depression, neurodegeneration, mood disorders, cognitive dysfunctioning, and so on. Since amygdala and dopaminergic circuitry are critical in controlling several aspects of social behavior, even social recognition memory (SRM), we aimed to study the expression analysis of dopaminergic circuitry in amygdala using real-time polymerase chain reaction...
May 2018: Annals of Neurosciences
Pietro Paletta, Paul A S Sheppard, Richard Matta, Kelsy S J Ervin, Elena Choleris
Estrogens affect learning and memory through rapid and delayed mechanisms. Here we review studies on rapid effects on short-term memory. Estradiol rapidly improves social and object recognition memory, spatial memory, and social learning, when administered systemically. The dorsal hippocampus mediates estrogen rapid facilitation of object, social and spatial short-term memory. The medial amygdala mediates rapid facilitation of social recognition. The three estrogen receptors, α (ERα), β (ERβ) and the G-protein coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) appear to play different roles depending on the task and brain region...
May 27, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
Melissa Reneaux, Rahul Gupta
The dopamine (DA) hypothesis of cognitive deficits suggests that too low or too high extracellular DA concentration in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) can severely impair the working memory (WM) maintenance during delay period. Thus, there exists only an optimal range of DA where the sustained-firing activity, the neural correlate of WM maintenance, in the cortex possesses optimal firing frequency as well as robustness against noisy distractions. Empirical evidences demonstrate changes even in the D1 receptor (D1R)-sensitivity to extracellular DA, collectively manifested through D1R density and DA-binding affinity, in the PFC under neuropsychiatric conditions such as ageing and schizophrenia...
2018: PloS One
Jiabao Zhang, Sang-Yoon Ko, Yulan Liao, Yubeen Kwon, Se Jin Jeon, Aeree Sohn, Jae Hoon Cheong, Dong Hyun Kim, Jong Hoon Ryu
Many works have been performed to understand the mechanisms of the formation and persistence of memory. However, it is not fully understood whether the decay of long-term memory can be modulated by the activation of dopamine D1 receptor. A Barnes maze task was employed to measure long-term spatial memory. We observed that the spatial memory acquired through 3 trials per session for 4 days had begun to fade out by the 14th day and had completely disappeared by 21 days after the first probe test. The intraperitoneal administration of SKF 38393 (a dopamine D1 receptor agonist) for 7 days beginning on the 14th day after the first probe test prevented natural memory forgetting, and the intraperitoneal administration of SCH 23390 (a dopamine D1 receptor antagonist) prevented this memory persistence...
May 24, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Elisabeth G Hain, Maria Sparenberg, Justyna Rasińska, Charlotte Klein, Levent Akyüz, Barbara Steiner
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by dopaminergic cell loss and inflammation in the substantia nigra (SN) leading to motor deficits but also to hippocampus-associated non-motor symptoms such as spatial learning and memory deficits. The cognitive decline is correlated with impaired adult hippocampal neurogenesis resulting from dopamine deficit and inflammation, represented in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride (MPTP) mouse model of PD. In the inflammatory tissue, cyclooxygenase (COX) is upregulated leading to an ongoing inflammatory process such as prostaglandin-mediated increased cytokine levels...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Laila Abdel-Hafiz, Andreas Müller-Schiffmann, Carsten Korth, Benedetta Fazari, Owen Y Chao, Susanne Nikolaus, Sandra Schäble, Arne Herring, Kathy Keyvani, Valéria Lamounier-Zepter, Joseph P Huston, Maria A de Souza Silva
We examined behaviors and neurotransmitter levels in the tgDimer mouse, a model for early Alzheimer's disease, that expresses exclusively soluble amyloid beta (Aβ) dimers and is devoid of Aβ plaques, astrogliosis, and neuroinflammation. Seven-month-old mice were subjected to tests of motor activity, attention, anxiety, habituation learning, working memory, and depression-related behaviors. They were impaired in nonselective attention and motor learning and showed anxiety- and despair-related behaviors. In 7- and 12-month-old mice, levels of acetylcholine, dopamine, and serotonin were measured in neostriatum, ventral striatum, prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and entorhinal cortex by high-performance liquid chromatography...
April 17, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
Hossein Ghalaenovi, Arash Fattahi, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Mahmoud Khodadost, Neda Fatahi, Morteza Taheri, Alireza Azimi, Sadra Rohani, Hessam Rahatlou
INTRODUCTION: Amantadine, as a dopamine receptor agonist, may stimulate and help the recovery of the nervous system after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We performed this study as a double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial with target population including all patients with TBI who scored nine or lower on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), admitted to our hospital between January 2013 and April 2014. The protocol included administration of the drug (placebo or amantadine) for 6 weeks and patient evaluation using the GCS and FOUR score on the first, third and seventh days after the drug was started...
May 23, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
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