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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921770/does-an-observer-s-empathy-influence-my-pain-effect-of-perceived-empathetic-or-unempathetic-support-in-a-pain-test
#1
C Fauchon, I Faillenot, A M Perrin, C Borg, V Pichot, F Chouchou, L Garcia-Larrea, R Peyron
The physiological and behavioural effects of empathy for other's pain have been widely investigated, while the opposite situation, i.e. the influence on one's pain of empathetic feedback from others, remains largely unexplored. Here, we assessed whether and how empathetic and unempathetic comments from observers modulate pain and associated vegetative reactions. In Study 1, conversations between observers of a pain study were recorded by professional actors. Comments were prepared to be perceived as empathetic, unempathetic, or neutral, and were validated in 40 subjects...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919101/3-4%C3%A2-6-implications-of-the-stratification-of-localised-gleason-7-prostate-cancer-by-number-and-percentage-of-positive-biopsy-cores-in-selecting-patients-for-active-surveillance
#2
J L Ruiz-Cerdá, L Lorenzo Soriano, D Ramos-Soler, L Marzullo-Zucchet, A Loras Monfort, F Boronat Tormo
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the number and percentage of positive biopsy cores identify a Gleason 3+4 prostate cancer (PC) subgroup of similar biologic behaviour to Gleason 3+3. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An observational post-radical prostatectomy study was conducted of a cohort of 799 patients with localised low-risk (n=582, Gleason 6, PSA <10ng/ml and cT1c-2a) and favourable intermediate PC (n=217, Gleason 3+4, PSA ≤10 ng/ml and pT2abc). The Gleason 3+4 tumours were stratified by number (≤3 vs...
September 14, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918314/empirical-research-evaluating-the-effects-of-non-traditional-approaches-to-enhancing-sleep-in-typical-and-clinical-children-and%C3%A2-young-people
#3
REVIEW
Karyn G France, Laurie K McLay, Jolene E Hunter, Madeline L S France
This paper examines the effects of non-traditional (non-behavioural and non-prescription pharmaceutical) approaches to sleep in children and young people (0-18 y). A systematic search identified 79 studies that met inclusion criteria. Seventeen percent of the studies were rated as having a conclusive level of evidence, forty-two percent with preponderant evidence and forty-one percent with only suggestive evidence. There were promising indications, with certain populations only, for aromatherapy, ketogenic diets, an elimination diet (few foods diet), elimination of cow's milk, avoidance of caffeine, tryptophan with adenosine and uridine, omega-3 and omega-6, valerian, music, osteopathic manipulation and white noise...
July 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915815/designing-an-implementation-intervention-with-the-behaviour-change-wheel-for-health-provider-smoking-cessation-care-for-australian-indigenous-pregnant-women
#4
Gillian S Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We aimed to develop an implementation intervention to improve smoking cessation care (SCC) for pregnant Indigenous smokers, an outcome to be achieved by training health providers at Aboriginal Medical Services (AMS) in a culturally competent approach, developed collaboratively with AMS...
September 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905675/an-exploratory-study-of-behavioural-specialist-experiences-of-involving-service-users-in-the-development-of-their-positive-behavioural-support-plans
#5
Bethany Kruger, Ruth Northway
There is limited research that explores the experiences of how behavioural specialists actively involve people with a learning disability and challenging behaviour in the development of their positive behavioural support (PBS) plan. Accordingly, this exploratory research study aimed to explore this little understood area of practice. METHODS: The study included semi-structured interviews comprised of nine Behavioural Specialists in three focus groups across two health boards. A descriptive thematic analysis study...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905160/school-age-outcomes-of-children-diagnosed-early-and-later-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Megan Louise Erin Clark, Zoe Vinen, Josephine Barbaro, Cheryl Dissanayake
Early diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder is considered best practice, increasing access to early intervention. Yet, many children are diagnosed after 3-years. The current study investigated the school age outcomes of children who received an early and later diagnosis of ASD. The cognitive and behavioural outcomes of children diagnosed early (n = 48), were compared to children diagnosed after 3-years (n = 37). Children diagnosed early accessed more intervention, demonstrated better verbal and overall cognition at school age, were more likely to attend mainstream school and required less ongoing support than children diagnosed later...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904140/quantitative-study-of-developmental-biology-confirms-dickinsonia-as-a-metazoan
#7
Renee S Hoekzema, Martin D Brasier, Frances S Dunn, Alexander G Liu
The late Ediacaran soft-bodied macroorganism Dickinsonia (age range approx. 560-550 Ma) has often been interpreted as an early animal, and is increasingly invoked in debate on the evolutionary assembly of eumetazoan body plans. However, conclusive positive evidence in support of such a phylogenetic affinity has not been forthcoming. Here we subject a collection of Dickinsonia specimens interpreted to represent multiple ontogenetic stages to a novel, quantitative method for studying growth and development in organisms with an iterative body plan...
September 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903793/how-supervisees-on-a-foundation-course-in-cbt-perceive-a-supervision-session-and-what-they-bring-forward-to-the-next-therapy-session
#8
Anna Törnquist, Sarah Rakovshik, Jan Carlsson, Joakim Norberg
BACKGROUND: There is limited research into the effect of supervision in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) from the supervisees' perspective. AIMS: The aim of the study was to acquire knowledge from the supervisees' perspective as to what in particular in the supervision process contributes to the therapy process. METHOD: Fourteen supervisees on a foundation course participated in the study. A qualitative approach was used with thematic analysis of the participants' written diaries after supervision and therapy sessions...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902479/support-for-healthy-eating-at-schools-according-to-the-comprehensive-school-health-framework-evaluation-during-the-early-years-of-the-ontario-school-food-and-beverage-policy-implementation
#9
Taryn Orava, Steve Manske, Rhona Hanning
INTRODUCTION: Provincial, national and international public health agencies recognize the importance of school nutrition policies that help create healthful environments aligned with healthy eating recommendations for youth. School-wide support for healthy living within the pillars of the comprehensive school health (CSH) framework (social and physical environments; teaching and learning; healthy school policy; and partnerships and services) has been positively associated with fostering improvements to student health behaviours...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901202/intellectual-disability-hate-crime-and-other-social-constructions-a-view-from-south-yorkshire
#10
Alex McClimens, Jacqui Brewster
The category of hate crime is a recent legislative response to the increasing levels of antisocial, criminal and discriminatory behaviours and practices that target a wide spectrum of individuals on the basis of their identification within certain minority sociological subcultures. People with intellectual disability are often targeted for this kind of behaviour. Here, we report on an evaluation of one English city's efforts to instigate a street-based scheme to offer some security and protection to its intellectually disabled citizens...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899887/strategies-for-research-engagement-of-clinicians-in-allied-health-stretch-a-mixed-methods-research-protocol
#11
Sharon Mickan, Rachel Wenke, Kelly Weir, Andrea Bialocerkowski, Christy Noble
INTRODUCTION: Allied health professionals (AHPs) report positive attitudes to using research evidence in clinical practice, yet often lack time, confidence and skills to use, participate in and conduct research. A range of multifaceted strategies including education, mentoring and guidance have been implemented to increase AHPs' use of and participation in research. Emerging evidence suggests that knowledge brokering activities have the potential to support research engagement, but it is not clear which knowledge brokering strategies are most effective and in what contexts they work best to support and maintain clinicians' research engagement...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898727/reconciling-professional-identity-a-grounded-theory-of-nurse-academics-role-modelling-for-undergraduate-students
#12
A Baldwin, J Mills, M Birks, L Budden
Role modelling by experienced nurses, including nurse academics, is a key factor in the process of preparing undergraduate nursing students for practice, and may contribute to longevity in the workforce. A grounded theory study was undertaken to investigate the phenomenon of nurse academics' role modelling for undergraduate students. The study sought to answer the research question: how do nurse academics role model positive professional behaviours for undergraduate students? The aims of this study were to: theorise a process of nurse academic role modelling for undergraduate students; describe the elements that support positive role modelling by nurse academics; and explain the factors that influence the implementation of academic role modelling...
September 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898403/healthcare-financing-systems-for-increasing-the-use-of-tobacco-dependence-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Floor A van den Brand, Gera E Nagelhout, Ayalu A Reda, Bjorn Winkens, Silvia M A A Evers, Daniel Kotz, Onno Cp van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide, which makes it essential to stimulate smoking cessation. The financial cost of smoking cessation treatment can act as a barrier to those seeking support. We hypothesised that provision of financial assistance for people trying to quit smoking, or reimbursement of their care providers, could lead to an increased rate of successful quit attempts. This is an update of the original 2005 review. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to assess the impact of reducing the costs for tobacco smokers or healthcare providers for using or providing smoking cessation treatment through healthcare financing interventions on abstinence from smoking...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893298/learning-from-returnee-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-a-qualitative-assessment-to-reduce-the-risk-of-human-trafficking
#14
Joanna Busza, Sehin Teferra, Serawit Omer, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: International migration has become a global political priority, with growing concern about the scale of human trafficking, hazardous work conditions, and resulting psychological and physical morbidity among migrants. Ethiopia remains a significant "source" country for female domestic workers to the Middle East and Gulf States, despite widespread reports of exploitation and abuse. Prior to introduction of a "safe migration" intervention, we conducted formative research to elicit lessons learned by women who had worked as domestic workers abroad...
September 11, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891707/-experiences-with-the-three-factor-eating-questionnaire-r21-in-young-men
#15
Edit Czeglédi
INTRODUCTION: Eating behaviours play a crucial role in the development of obesity. AIMS: To conduct a psychometric analysis of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21 and to investigate the correlates of obesogenic eating behaviours among males. METHOD: Participants of the cross-sectional questionnaire-based study were male university students (n = 239, mean of age: 20.3 years, SD = 2.78 years). MEASURES: self-reported body weight and body height, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21, Trait Anxiety Scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890896/informing-nutrition-care-in-the-antenatal-period-pregnant-women-s-experiences-and-need-for-support
#16
Khlood Bookari, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson
This study aimed to provide insights into Australian women's experiences in gaining nutrition information during pregnancy. Individual semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 17 pregnant (across all trimesters) and 9 postpartum women in five Australian states. Data were transcribed and analysed using inductive thematic analysis. Women valued nutrition information, actively sought it, and passively received it mainly from three sources: healthcare providers (HCPs), media, and their social networks...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887553/insight-into-shark-magnetic-field-perception-from-empirical-observations
#17
James M Anderson, Tamrynn M Clegg, Luisa V M V Q Véras, Kim N Holland
Elasmobranch fishes are among a broad range of taxa believed to gain positional information and navigate using the earth's magnetic field, yet in sharks, much remains uncertain regarding the sensory receptors and pathways involved, or the exact nature of perceived stimuli. Captive sandbar sharks, Carcharhinus plumbeus were conditioned to respond to presentation of a magnetic stimulus by seeking out a target in anticipation of reward (food). Sharks in the study demonstrated strong responses to magnetic stimuli, making significantly more approaches to the target (p = < 0...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885748/extensive-study-on-physicochemical-properties-of-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-a-commercial-ion-trap-mass-spectrometer-relevance-in-analytical-and-environmental-chemistry
#18
R Narizzano, F Risso, A Magherini, G Cordone, M Ottonelli, E Smirnova, S Nadotti, L Rivara, R La Rocca, E Magi, S Lottici, S Maggiolo, C E Pepe, M Garbarino
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) exist as 209 congeners, consisting of biphenyl molecules, where the number and substitution positions of halogen atoms are known to affect industrial uses, environmental transport mechanisms, distribution, fate, and toxicity. The complexity of the problem requires accurate physicochemical studies of an increasing number of congeners in order to understand the environmental and biological processes at play. This work presents a systematic study on the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of PCBs by quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872623/compression-fracture-of-cfrp-laminates-containing-stress-intensifications
#19
Christian Leopold, Martin Schütt, Wilfried V Liebig, Timo Philipkowski, Jonas Kürten, Karl Schulte, Bodo Fiedler
For brittle fracture behaviour of carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRP) under compression, several approaches exist, which describe different mechanisms during failure, especially at stress intensifications. The failure process is not only initiated by the buckling fibres, but a shear driven fibre compressive failure beneficiaries or initiates the formation of fibres into a kink-band. Starting from this kink-band further damage can be detected, which leads to the final failure. The subject of this work is an experimental investigation on the influence of ply thickness and stacking sequence in quasi-isotropic CFRP laminates containing stress intensifications under compression loading...
September 5, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869775/internet-based-interventions-for-smoking-cessation
#20
REVIEW
Gemma M J Taylor, Michael N Dalili, Monika Semwal, Marta Civljak, Aziz Sheikh, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is estimated to kill 7 million people a year. Nicotine is highly addictive, but surveys indicate that almost 70% of US and UK smokers would like to stop smoking. Although many smokers attempt to give up on their own, advice from a health professional increases the chances of quitting. As of 2016 there were 3.5 billion Internet users worldwide, making the Internet a potential platform to help people quit smoking. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of Internet-based interventions for smoking cessation, whether intervention effectiveness is altered by tailoring or interactive features, and if there is a difference in effectiveness between adolescents, young adults, and adults...
September 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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