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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906020/targeting-vulnerable-populations-a-synthetic-review-on-alcohol-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-migrant-populations
#1
REVIEW
Emilia Maria Vaz Martins-Fonteyn, Nina Sommerland, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Ines Raimundo, Edwin Wouters
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a link between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviour among different types of migrant populations. Therefore, research investigating risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among them is a public health priority. This review aimed to explore the intersection between migration, alcohol consumption and risky sexual behaviour. METHODS: This article is a synthetic review of empirical studies on the association of alcohol and high-risk sexual behaviour among different types of the migrant populations, focusing on measurable outcomes generated from quantitative data...
September 22, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900669/disruptive-behaviour-in-the-perioperative-setting-a-contemporary-review
#2
Alexander Villafranca, Colin Hamlin, Stephanie Enns, Eric Jacobsohn
PURPOSE: Disruptive behaviour, which we define as behaviour that does not show others an adequate level of respect and causes victims or witnesses to feel threatened, is a concern in the operating room. This review summarizes the current literature on disruptive behaviour as it applies to the perioperative domain. SOURCE: Searches of MEDLINE(®), Scopus™, and Google books identified articles and monographs of interest, with backreferencing used as a supplemental strategy...
November 29, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895084/prescription-preferences-in-antipsychotics-and-attitude-towards-the-pharmaceutical-industry-in-belgium
#3
Stijn Cleymans, Manuel Morrens, Chris Bervoets
OBJECTIVES: The number of antipsychotic prescriptions are increasing rapidly worldwide, a trend which is mainly driven by the steep rise in second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) prescriptions. However, the success of SGA, compared with the older first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs), cannot be explained by evidence. Several studies concluded on equal efficacy of FGA and SGA on positive, negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. Next to that, the influence of the pharmaceutical industry on prescription behaviour has drawn considerable interest...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891726/everyday-conversation-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-literature-to-inform-research-and-practice
#4
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kindell, John Keady, Karen Sage, Ray Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in dementia care in recent years, including how practitioners, service providers and society in general can help individuals to live well with the condition. An important aspect to this is provision of advice to ensure conversation partners effectively support the person with dementia in conversation. AIMS: To provide a descriptive review of the literature examining everyday conversation in dementia in order to inform practice and research...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#5
Laura Polloni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Emilia Ferruzza, Roberta Bonaguro, Francesca Lazzarotto, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Antonella Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological wellbeing. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared to healthy peers, and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885963/coping-with-discrimination-among-hiv-positive-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
Laura M Bogart, Sannisha K Dale, Jana Christian, Kinjal Patel, Gary K Daffin, Kenneth H Mayer, David W Pantalone
In the USA, HIV-positive Black men who have sex with men show large disparities in disease outcomes compared to other racial/ethnic and risk groups. This study examined the strategies that HIV-positive Black men who have sex with men use to cope with different types of discrimination. A total of 27 HIV-positive Black men who have sex with men participated in semi-structured interviews, which were transcribed verbatim and coded using thematic analysis by multiple raters. Major coping themes included reactive avoidance (using behaviours, cognitions and emotions to escape from discrimination), a common reaction to racism; proactive avoidance (avoiding situations in which discrimination is anticipated), manifested as selective disclosure of HIV-serostatus; external attribution for discrimination (versus self-blame), used more for sexual orientation and HIV discrimination; and social support-seeking, which most often emerged in response to racism...
November 25, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885160/how-unemployment-and-precarious-employment-affect-the-health-of-young-people-a-scoping-study-on-social-determinants
#7
REVIEW
Mihaela Vancea, Mireia Utzet
BACKGROUND: The impact of unemployment and precarious employment on the health of young people is not well understood. However, according to social causation, higher socio-economic positions and thus better working conditions are beneficial to health in general. We tried to synthesize the results of studies that test this hypothesis in the case of young people. METHODS: We conducted a scoping study mapping all the academic articles published in the period 2006-2016 in Europe...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882630/workplace-stress-burnout-and-coping-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-australian-disability-support-workers
#8
Megan J Judd, Kate P Dorozenko, Lauren J Breen
Disability support workers (DSWs) are the backbone of contemporary disability support services and the interface through which disability philosophies and policies are translated into practical action. DSWs often experience workplace stress and burnout, resulting in a high turnover rate of employees within the non-professional disability service workforce. The full implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme in Australia is set to intensify the current challenges of attracting and retaining DSWs, as the role becomes characterised by greater demands, ambiguity and conflict...
November 23, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882392/-the-special-requirements-of-old-age-in-terms-of-dying
#9
Andreas Kruse
It is expected that the rising average life expectancy will leave ever more people with chronic progressive diseases of the body and brain. This then means not only having to deal with increasingly longer periods of care, but also possibly distinct neurocognitive disorders in the years prior to death and dying. The aim of this study is to report epidemiological data on the causes of death, as well as on the places of death. In addition, the attitudes and behaviour towards death and dying, as well as the different places of death will be discussed...
November 23, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882187/child-teacher-and-parent-perceptions-of-the-friends-classroom-based-universal-anxiety-prevention-programme-a-qualitative-study
#10
Elena Skryabina, Joanna Morris, Danielle Byrne, Nicola Harkin, Sarah Rook, Paul Stallard
School-based mental health prevention programmes can be effective but their adoption within schools will depend on their social acceptability. We report a qualitative evaluation summarising the views of children (115), parents (20) and school staff (47) about a universal school-based anxiety prevention programme FRIENDS. This study was conducted as part of a large scale randomised controlled trial (n = 1362) involving 40 schools in the UK providing primary education to children aged 7-11. Reported overall experience of the programme was very positive, with all three major components of the cognitive behaviour therapy programme (emotional, cognitive, and behavioural) being accepted well and understood by children...
2016: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879183/-supporting-patients-in-self-management-moving-to-a-personalised-approach
#11
N Eikelenboom, J van Lieshout, A Jacobs, F Verhulst, J Lacroix, A van Halteren, M Klomp, I Smeele, M Wensing
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to assess the effect of providing personalised self-management support on patient activation (knowledge, skills, self-efficacy) and self-management behaviour. DESIGN: Cluster randomised trial in 15 general practices (Dutch Trial Register No.: NTR 3960). METHOD: Patients aged 18 years or older with a chronic condition were invited to participate in the study. The Self-Management Screening (SeMaS) questionnaire - which illustrates barriers to self-management - was used as a tool for personalised self-management support...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878969/readiness-for-discharge-from-subacute-mental-health-units-for-older-people-using-available-measures-to-support-clinical-decision-making
#12
Bryan G McMinn, Terry J Lewin, Naveen Savio, Dawn Matters, Carol Smith
Prior to introduction of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale 65+ (HoNOS65) as a mandated measure, the three subacute mental health units for older people in the present study routinely used the Care Planning Assessment Tool (CPAT) for clinical review and discharge planning. The aims of the present study were to compare these two measures of behavioural change during subacute admissions, to examine associations with discharge readiness, and to assess their overall contributions to discharge planning decisions...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878844/factors-influencing-new-graduate-nurse-burnout-development-job-satisfaction-and-patient-care-quality-a-time-lagged-study
#13
Sheila A Boamah, Emily A Read, Heather K Spence Laschinger
AIM: To test a hypothesized model linking new graduate nurses' perceptions of their manager's authentic leadership behaviours to structural empowerment, short-staffing and work-life interference and subsequent burnout, job satisfaction and patient care quality. BACKGROUND: Authentic leadership and structural empowerment have been shown to reduce early career burnout among nurses. Short-staffing and work-life interference are also linked to burnout and may help explain the impact of positive, empowering leadership on burnout, which in turn influences job satisfaction and patient care quality...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878413/does-the-general-strain-theory-explain-gambling-and-substance-use
#14
Romy Greco, Antonietta Curci
General Strain Theory (GST: Agnew Criminology 30:47-87, 1992) posits that deviant behaviour results from adaptation to strain and the consequent negative emotions. Empirical research on GST has mainly focused on aggressive behaviours, while only few research studies have considered alternative manifestations of deviance, like substance use and gambling. The aim of the present study is to test the ability of GST to explain gambling behaviours and substance use. Also, the role of family in promoting the adoption of gambling and substance use as coping strategies was verified...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868066/application-of-machine-learning-approaches-for-classifying-sitting-posture-based-on-force-and-acceleration-sensors
#15
Roland Zemp, Matteo Tanadini, Stefan Plüss, Karin Schnüriger, Navrag B Singh, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
Occupational musculoskeletal disorders, particularly chronic low back pain (LBP), are ubiquitous due to prolonged static sitting or nonergonomic sitting positions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an instrumented chair with force and acceleration sensors to determine the accuracy of automatically identifying the user's sitting position by applying five different machine learning methods (Support Vector Machines, Multinomial Regression, Boosting, Neural Networks, and Random Forest). Forty-one subjects were requested to sit four times in seven different prescribed sitting positions (total 1148 samples)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865800/action-observation-and-motor-imagery-for-rehabilitation-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-an-integrative-hypothesis
#16
REVIEW
Daniele Caligiore, Magda Mustile, Gianfranco Spalletta, Gianluca Baldassarre
This article discusses recent evidence supporting the use of action observation therapy and motor imagery practice for rehabilitation of Parkinson's disease. A main question that emerges from the review regards the different effectiveness of these approaches and the possibility of integrating them into a single method to enhance motor behaviour in subjects with Parkinson's disease. In particular, the reviewed studies suggest that action observation therapy can have a positive effect on motor facilitation of patients and that a long-term rehabilitation program based on action observation therapy or motor imagery practice can bring some benefit on their motor recovery...
November 16, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865100/walking-away-from-depression-motor-activity-increases-ratings-of-mood-and-incentive-drive-in-patients-with-major-depression
#17
Bettina Heike Bewernick, Anne Sarah Urbach, Arndt Bröder, Sarah Kayser, Thomas Eduard Schlaepfer
Reduced motor activity is associated with depression. Lewinsohn's cognitive behavioural model of depression assumes a lack of positive experience due to a reduced level of activity as a key aspect of depression. The acute relationship between motor activity and mood as well as between motor activity and incentive drive (the motivation to engage in activities) is unknown. An augmentation of mood and incentive drive could precede or follow motor activity. We examined (1) whether motor activity would be correlated with the course of depression and (2) the temporal relationship between motor activity and acute changes in mood and incentive drive...
September 9, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864186/does-industry-driven-alcohol-marketing-influence-adolescent-drinking-behaviour-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Stephanie Scott, Colin Muirhead, Janet Shucksmith, Rachel Tyrrell, Eileen Kaner
AIM: To systematically review evidence on the influence of specific marketing components (Price, Promotion, Product attributes and Place of sale/availability) on key drinking outcomes (initiation, continuation, frequency and intensity) in young people aged 9-17. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, PsychINFO, CINAHL and ProQuest were searched from inception to July 2015, supplemented with searches of Google Scholar, hand searches of key journals and backward and forward citation searches of reference lists of identified papers...
November 17, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863998/swaziland-hiv-incidence-measurement-survey-shims-a-prospective-national-cohort-study
#19
Jessica Justman, Jason B Reed, George Bicego, Deborah Donnell, Keala Li, Naomi Bock, Alison Koler, Neena M Philip, Charmaine K Mlambo, Bharat S Parekh, Yen T Duong, Dennis L Ellenberger, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Rejoice Nkambule
BACKGROUND: Swaziland has the highest national HIV prevalence worldwide. The Swaziland HIV Incidence Measurement Survey (SHIMS) provides the first national HIV incidence estimate based on prospectively observed HIV seroconversions. METHODS: A two-stage survey sampling design was used to select a nationally representative sample of men and women aged 18-49 years from 14 891 households in 575 enumeration areas in Swaziland, who underwent household-based counselling and rapid HIV testing during 2011...
November 15, 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862615/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-bipolar-disorder-and-social-interaction-a-qualitative-investigation
#20
Rebecca Owen, Patricia Gooding, Robert Dempsey, Steven Jones
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that social support can influence relapse rates, functioning and various clinical outcomes in people with bipolar disorder. Yet 'social support' is a poorly defined construct, and the mechanisms by which it affects illness course in bipolar disorder remain largely unknown. Key aims of this study were to ascertain which facets of social interaction affect mood management in bipolar disorder, and how symptoms of bipolar disorder can influence the level of support received...
November 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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