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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934893/what-works-in-israeli-prison-based-sex-offender-rehabilitation-programs-program-participants-perspective
#1
Brenda Geiger, Michael Fischer
This study invited 10 of the 22 sex offenders enrolled in a prison-based rehabilitation program in one of the prisons in Israel to engage in the two first of the 4-D ( Discover, Dream, Design, and Deliver) stages of the Appreciative Inquiry . Consistent with the responsivity principle, and the IA tenets, program participants were interviewed to Discover components to which they were responsive and Dream/envision additional ones that would increase engagement and progress. Content analysis of the interviews indicated that despite the initial decision to enrol based on external incentives, participants eventually engaged in group therapy and expressed the desire to understand and regulate their sexual behaviour...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933674/critical-healthcare-management-studies-green-shoots
#2
Martin Kitchener, Aoife M McDermott, Simon Cooper
Purpose While critical approaches have enriched research in proximate fields, their impact has been less marked in studies of healthcare management. In response, the 2016 Organizational Behaviour in Health Care Conference hosted its first-ever session dedicated to the emergent field of critical healthcare management studies (CHMSs). The purpose of this paper is to present five papers selected from that conference. Design/methodology/approach In this introductory paper, the authors frame the contributions as "green shoots" in a field of CHMS which contains four main furrows of activity: questioning the taken-for-granted; moving beyond instrumentalism; reflexivity and meanings in research; and challenging structures of domination (Kitchener and Thomas, 2016)...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932919/how-does-homelessness-affect-parenting-behaviour-a-systematic-critical-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#3
REVIEW
Caroline Bradley, John McGowan, Daniel Michelson
The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable, appropriate and effective interventions to support highly marginalised and vulnerable homeless families...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932830/a-lipophilic-ionic-liquid-based-on-formamidinium-cations-and-tfsi-the-electric-response-and-the-effect-of-co2-on-the-conductivity-mechanism
#4
Federico Bertasi, Guinevere A Giffin, Keti Vezzù, Giuseppe Pace, Yaser Abu-Lebdeh, Michel Armand, Vito Di Noto
This work describes the preparation of the new lipophilic ionic liquid tetraoctyl-formamidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide (TOFATFSI), which is miscible with lower alkanes. In particular, this work focuses on the electric behaviour of TOFATFSI in the particularly challenging highly apolar environment of supercritical CO2. The conductivity and relaxation phenomena are revealed through the analysis of the broadband electric spectra with a particular emphasis on the effect of temperature and CO2 uptake on the IL conductivity...
September 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931729/colour-and-luminance-contrasts-predict-the-human-detection-of-natural-stimuli-in-complex-visual-environments
#5
Thomas E White, Bibiana Rojas, Johanna Mappes, Petri Rautiala, Darrell J Kemp
Much of what we know about human colour perception has come from psychophysical studies conducted in tightly-controlled laboratory settings. An enduring challenge, however, lies in extrapolating this knowledge to the noisy conditions that characterize our actual visual experience. Here we combine statistical models of visual perception with empirical data to explore how chromatic (hue/saturation) and achromatic (luminant) information underpins the detection and classification of stimuli in a complex forest environment...
September 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931601/local-cellular-neighbourhood-controls-proliferation-in-cell-competition
#6
Anna Bove, Daniel Gradeci, Yasuyuki Fujita, Shiladitya Banerjee, Guillaume Charras, Alan R Lowe
Cell competition is a quality control mechanism through which tissues eliminate unfit cells. Cell competition can result from short-range biochemical inductions or long-range mechanical cues. However, little is known about how cell-scale interactions give rise to population shifts in tissues, due to the lack of experimental and computational tools to efficiently characterise interactions at the single-cell level. Here, we address these challenges by combining long-term automated microscopy with deep learning image analysis to decipher how single-cell behaviour determines tissue make-up during competition...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931456/perceptions-of-barriers-to-the-management-of-respiratory-tract-infections-in-general-practice-settings-in-australia
#7
Stephanie Fletcher-Lartey, Rabia Khan
Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics for the management of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) has contributed to increased prevalence of antibiotic resistance, and this remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of general practitioners' (GPs) participation in the Antibiotics: Clinical e-Audit, a quality-improvement activity, on GP self-reported knowledge and practice change, and explored barriers encountered in the management of respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Participants completed a survey at the end of the activity to assess the usefulness of the audit, any reported changes made and barriers encountered to their clinical practice...
September 21, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931441/tracking-progressive-pathological-and-functional-decline-in-the-rtg4510-mouse-model-of-tauopathy
#8
Thomas Blackmore, Soraya Meftah, Tracey Karen Murray, Peter James Craig, Anthony Blockeel, Keith Phillips, Brian Eastwood, Michael J O'Neill, Hugh Marston, Zeshan Ahmed, Gary Gilmour, Francois Gastambide
BACKGROUND: The choice and appropriate use of animal models in drug discovery for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is pivotal to successful clinical translation of novel therapeutics, yet true alignment of research is challenging. Current models do not fully recapitulate the human disease, and even exhibit various degrees of regional pathological burden and diverse functional alterations. Given this, relevant pathological and functional endpoints must be determined on a model-by-model basis. The present work explores the rTg4510 mouse model of tauopathy as a case study to define best practices for the selection and validation of cognitive and functional endpoints for the purposes of pre-clinical AD drug discovery...
September 20, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931384/early-food-for-future-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-an-ehealth-intervention-aiming-to-promote-healthy-food-habits-from-early-childhood
#9
Christine Helle, Elisabet Rudjord Hillesund, Mona Linge Omholt, Nina Cecilie Øverby
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a global public health challenge. Primary prevention initiatives targeting parents have been called for to encourage a positive feeding environment and healthy eating habits that may lay a good foundation for future health. At the same time, there is a need for interventions which combine accessibility and scalability with cost effectiveness. Today's parents are extensive Internet-users, but only a few randomized controlled trials have investigated the use of Internet to promote healthy eating habits in early childhood...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931147/the-quantified-self-during-travel-mapping-health-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-travellers
#10
Andrea Farnham, Reinhard Furrer, Ulf Blanke, Emily Stone, Christoph Hatz, Milo A Puhan
Background: Travel medicine research has remained relatively unchanged in the face of rapid expansion of international travel and is unlikely to meet health challenges beyond infectious diseases. Our aim was to identify the range of health outcomes during travel using real-time monitoring and daily reporting of health behaviours and outcomes and identify traveller subgroups who may benefit from more targeted advice before and during travel. Methods: We recruited a prospective cohort of travellers ≥ 18 years and planning travel to Thailand for <5 weeks from the travel clinics in Zurich and Basel (Switzerland)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930226/shenlinglan-influences-the-attachment-and-migration-of-ovarian-cancer-cells-potentially-through-the-gsk3-pathway
#11
Sioned Owen, Fiona Ruge, Yunong Gao, Ying Yang, Jianqing Hou, Jian Chen, Yi Feng, Huiming Zhang, Yong Gao, Hongtao Wang, Cong Wei, Yiling Wu, Wen G Jiang
Background: Ovarian cancer presents a major clinical challenge in the UK. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) has been linked to cancer. This study tested the impact of ShenLingLan (SLDM) on ovarian cancer cell behaviour and its links to GSK-3. Methods: Fresh ovarian tumours (n = 52) were collected and processed. Histopathologcial and clinical information were collected and analysed against GSK-3 transcript levels using quantitative PCR (qPCR). Immortalised ovarian cancer cells' protein alterations in response to SLDM were identified using a Kinexus™ protein kinase array...
February 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930091/proposal-to-assess-printability-of-bioinks-for-extrusion-based-bioprinting-and-evaluation-of-rheological-properties-governing-bioprintability
#12
Naomi Claire Paxton, Willi Smolan, Thomas Böck, Ferry P W Melchels, Juergen Groll, Tomasz Juengst
The development and formulation of printable inks for extrusion-based 3D bioprinting has been a major challenge in the field of biofabrication. Inks, often polymer solutions with the addition of crosslinking to form hydrogels, must not only display adequate mechanical properties for the chosen application, but also show high biocompatibility as well as printability. Here we describe a reproducible two-step method for the assessment of the printability of inks for bioprinting, focussing firstly on screening ink formulations to assess fibre formation and the ability to form 3D constructs before presenting a method for the rheological evaluation of inks to characterise the yield point, shear thinning and recovery behaviour...
September 20, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929847/healthcare-the-speed-of-thought-a-digital-world-needs-successful-transformative-leaders
#13
Ken Tremblay
In the wake of transformational change powered by the digital era, resultant leadership challenges and strategies essential for successful change, both tactical and cultural, are linked to defined capabilities within the Systems Transformation domain of the LEADS in a Caring Environment framework. Honed from experience, specific softer leadership behaviours supporting system transformation are both described and reinforced. Further, a matrix combining the LEADS framework capabilities with these more specific behaviours is offered as a planning tool that leaders may reflect upon and map out key activities associated with their sponsorship of significant change...
September 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929725/-perceived-discrimination-at-work-for-being-an-immigrant-a-study-on-self-perceived-mental-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#14
Anteo Di Napoli, Rosaria Gatta, Alessandra Rossi, Monica Perez, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
BACKGROUND: exposure to discrimination is widely understood as a social determinant of psychophysical health and a contributing factor to health inequities among social groups. Few studies exist, particularly in Italy, about the effects of discrimination among immigrants at workplace. OBJECTIVES: to analyse the association between perceived discrimination at work for being an immigrant and mental health status among immigrants in Italy. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: a sub-sample of 12,408 immigrants residing in Italy was analysed...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927405/the-use-of-respondent-driven-sampling-to-assess-malaria-knowledge-treatment-seeking-behaviours-and-preventive-practices-among-mobile-and-migrant-populations-in-a-setting-of-artemisinin-resistance-in-western-cambodia
#15
Po Ly, Julie Thwing, Colleen McGinn, Cesia E Quintero, Narann Top-Samphor, Najibullah Habib, Jack S Richards, Sara E Canavati, Seshu Babu Vinjamuri, Chea Nguon
BACKGROUND: Multi-drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum threatens malaria elimination efforts in Cambodia and the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). Malaria burden in the GMS is higher among certain high-risk demographic groups in Cambodia, especially among migrant and mobile populations (MMPs). This respondent driven sampling (RDS) study was conducted in order to determine malaria knowledge, treatment-seeking behaviours and preventive practices among two MMP groups in Western Cambodia. METHODS: An RDS survey of MMPs was implemented in four purposively-selected communes along the Thai-Cambodia border; two in Veal Veang District and two in Pailin Province, chosen due to their sizeable MMP groups, their convenience of access, and their proximity to Thailand, which allowed for comparison with RDS studies in Thailand...
September 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925749/cardiac-telerehabilitation-a-novel-cost-efficient-care-delivery-strategy-that-can-induce-long-term-health-benefits
#16
Ines Frederix, Francesca Solmi, Massimo F Piepoli, Paul Dendale
Background Finding innovative and cost-efficient care strategies that induce long-term health benefits in cardiac patients constitutes a big challenge today. The aim of this Telerehab III follow-up study was to assess whether a 6-month additional cardiac telerehabilitation programme could induce long-term health benefits and remain cost-efficient after the tele-intervention ended. Methods and results A total of 126 cardiac patients first completed the multicentre, randomised controlled telerehabilitation trial (Telerehab III, time points t0 to t1)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925065/barriers-to-and-enablers-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-scoping-review-and-stakeholder-consultation
#17
REVIEW
M Kebbe, S Damanhoury, N Browne, M P Dyson, T-L F McHugh, G D C Ball
Healthy lifestyle behaviours are key to successful weight management, but have proven to be challenging to attain for adolescents with obesity. The purpose of our scoping review was to (i) describe barriers and enablers that adolescents with obesity encounter for healthy nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep habits and (ii) identify gaps in the literature. We adhered to established methodology for scoping reviews. Six databases were searched (1980-June 2016) for original articles published in English or French that focused on lifestyle behaviours of 13- to 17-year-olds in paediatric weight management...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921935/assessing-causal-relationships-using-genetic-proxies-for-exposures-an-introduction-to-mendelian-randomisation
#18
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Michael Green, Amy E Taylor, George Davey Smith, Marcus R Munafò
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studying the consequences of addictive behaviours is challenging, with understanding causal relationships from observational data being particularly difficult. For example, people who smoke or drink excessively are often systematically different from those who do not, are less likely to participate in research, and may misreport their behaviours when they do. Furthermore, the direction of causation between an addictive behaviour and outcome may be unclear. Mendelian randomisation (MR) offers potential solutions to these problems...
September 18, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921543/language-growth-in-children-with-heterogeneous-language-disorders-a-population-study
#19
Courtenay Frazier Norbury, George Vamvakas, Debbie Gooch, Gillian Baird, Tony Charman, Emily Simonoff, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: Language development has been characterised by significant individual stability from school entry. However, the extent to which trajectories of language growth vary in children with language disorder as a function of co-occurring developmental challenges is a question of theoretical import, with implications for service provision. METHODS: SCALES employed a population-based survey design with sample weighting procedures to estimate growth in core language skills over the first three years of school...
October 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919158/a-role-for-nucleus-accumbens-glutamate-in-the-expression-but-not-the-induction-of-behavioural-sensitization-to-ethanol
#20
Christina N Nona, José N Nobrega
Mechanisms underlying differential sensitivity to behavioural sensitization to ethanol (EtOH) remain poorly understood, although accumulating evidence suggests a role for glutamatergic processes in the ventral striatum. Efforts to address this issue can benefit from the well-documented fact that in any given cohort, some of the mice (High sensitized; HS) show robust sensitization, while others (Low sensitized; LS) show little, if any, sensitization. Here, we examined whether this variability might be differentially associated with nucleus accumbens (NAc) glutamate processes...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
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