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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783913/a-systematic-review-of-functional-communication-training-fct-interventions-involving-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-school-settings
#1
Virginia L Walker, Kristin J Lyon, Sheldon L Loman, Samuel Sennott
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to summarize single-case intervention studies in which Functional Communication Training (FCT) involving augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) was implemented in school settings. Overall, the findings suggest that FCT involving AAC was effective in reducing challenging behaviour and promoting aided or unaided AAC use among participants with disability. FCT was more effective for the participants who engaged in less severe forms of challenging behaviour prior to intervention...
June 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782073/a-focus-group-study-exploring-student-nurse-s-experiences-of-an-educational-intervention-focuse-don-working-with-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-personality-disorder
#2
G Stacey, V Baldwin, B Thompson, A Aubeeluck
INTRODUCTION: Negative attitudes exist in practice towards those with a diagnosis of personality disorder. Preregistration training offers the opportunity to address this by developing understanding of the diagnosis, confidence in working with people with the diagnosis and empowering new nurses to challenge prevailing attitudes. Attempts to integrate and evaluate specific educational interventions of this nature into pre-registration nurse education have not been explored elsewhere. AIM: To explore preregistration nurses' experience of a programme of training focused on personality disorder and their perception of its influence on attitudes, understanding of clients and their experience of practice...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781679/exploring-the-socio-ecological-levels-for-prevention-of-sexual-risk-behaviours-of-the-youth-in-umgungundlovu-district-municipality-kwazulu-natal
#3
Nelisiwe Khuzwayo, Myra Taylor
BACKGROUND: Prevention of youth sexual risk behaviour among the youth in uMgungundlovu District Municipality continues to be a primary challenge for public health and health promotion. Current prevention interventions are targeted at an individual level, whilst youth behaviour is influenced by many social and environmental factors. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the factors influencing sexual risk behaviours of the youth at different socio-ecological levels in uMgungundlovu District Municipality...
March 7, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781677/community-health-workers-in-lesotho-experiences-of-health-promotion-activities
#4
Thato Seutloali, Lizeka Napoles, Nomonde Bam
BACKGROUND: Lesotho adopted primary health care in 1979, and community health workers (CHWs) were included in the programme to focus on health promotion, particularly to reach people in underserved rural areas. Although the CHW programme has been successful, the heavy burden of disease because of HIV and/or AIDS and tuberculosis shifted resources from health promotion to home-based care. AIM: The study explored the lived experience of CHWs in conducting health promotion activities in Lesotho...
February 27, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780578/towards-the-development-of-day-one-competences-in-veterinary-behaviour-medicine-survey-of-veterinary-professionals-experience-in-companion-animal-practice-in-ireland
#5
Olwen Golden, Alison J Hanlon
Background: Veterinary behaviour medicine should be a foundation subject of the veterinary curriculum because of its wide scope of applications to veterinary practice. Private practitioners are likely to be the primary source of information on animal behaviour for most pet owners, however studies indicate that behavioural issues are not frequently discussed during companion animal consultations and many practitioners lack confidence in dealing with behavioural problems, likely due to poor coverage of this subject in veterinary education...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779724/the-emerging-use-of-social-media-for-health-related-purposes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#6
Emily Hagg, V Susan Dahinten, Leanne M Currie
BACKGROUND: Social media allows for instant access to, and dissemination of, information around the globe. Access to social media in low- and middle-income countries has increased exponentially in recent years due to technological advances. Despite this growth, the use of social media in low- and middle-income countries is less well-researched than in high-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify, explore and summarize the current state of the literature on the use of social media for health in low- and middle-income countries...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779605/games-as-tools-to-address-conservation-conflicts
#7
REVIEW
Steve M Redpath, Aidan Keane, Henrik Andrén, Zachary Baynham-Herd, Nils Bunnefeld, A Bradley Duthie, Jens Frank, Claude A Garcia, Johan Månsson, Lovisa Nilsson, Chris R J Pollard, O Sarobidy Rakotonarivo, Carl F Salk, Henry Travers
Conservation conflicts represent complex multilayered problems that are challenging to study. We explore the utility of theoretical, experimental, and constructivist approaches to games to help to understand and manage these challenges. We show how these approaches can help to develop theory, understand patterns in conflict, and highlight potentially effective management solutions. The choice of approach should be guided by the research question and by whether the focus is on testing hypotheses, predicting behaviour, or engaging stakeholders...
June 2018: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779008/intervention-planning-for-the-reduce-maintenance-intervention-a-digital-intervention-to-reduce-reulceration-risk-among-patients-with-a-history-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#8
Kate Greenwell, Katy Sivyer, Kavita Vedhara, Lucy Yardley, Frances Game, Trudie Chalder, Gayle Richards, Nikki Drake, Katie Gray, John Weinman, Katherine Bradbury
OBJECTIVES: To develop a comprehensive intervention plan for the REDUCE maintenance intervention to support people who have had diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) to sustain behaviours that reduce reulceration risk. METHODS: Theory-based, evidence-based and person-based approaches to intervention development were used. In phase I of intervention planning, evidence was collated from a scoping review of the literature and qualitative interviews with patients who have had DFUs (n=20)...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778270/is-female-health-cyclical-evolutionary-perspectives-on-menstruation
#9
REVIEW
Alexandra Alvergne, Vedrana Högqvist Tabor
Why do some females menstruate at all? Answering this question has implications for understanding the tight links between reproductive function and organismal immunity. Here we build on the growing evidence that menstruation is the byproduct of a 'choosy uterus' to: (i) make the theoretical case for the idea that female immunity is cyclical in menstruating species, (ii) evaluate the evidence for the menstrual modulation of immunity and health in humans, and (iii) speculate on the implications of cyclical female health for female behaviour, male immunity, and host-pathogen interactions...
June 2018: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776691/a-voice-patch-system-in-the-primate-brain-for-processing-vocal-information
#10
Pascal Belin, Clémentine Bodin, Virginia Aglieri
We review behavioural and neural evidence for the processing of information contained in conspecific vocalizations (CVs) in three primate species: humans, macaques and marmosets. We focus on abilities that are present and ecologically relevant in all three species: the detection and sensitivity to CVs; and the processing of identity cues in CVs. Current evidence, although fragmentary, supports the notion of a "voice patch system" in the primate brain analogous to the face patch system of visual cortex: a series of discrete, interconnected cortical areas supporting increasingly abstract representations of the vocal input...
May 7, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774347/effect-of-humic-acid-bacterial-exudates-on-sorption-desorption-interactions-of-90-sr-with-brucite
#11
Hollie Ashworth, Liam Abrahamsen-Mills, Nick Bryan, Lynn Foster, Jonathan R Lloyd, Simon Kellet, Sarah Heath
One of the nuclear fuel storage ponds at Sellafield (United Kingdom) is open to the air, and has contained a significant inventory of corroded magnox fuel and sludge for several decades. As a result, some fission products have also been released into solution. 90Sr is known to constitute a small mass of the radionuclides present in the pond, but due to its solubility and activity, it is at risk of challenging effluent discharge limits. The sludge is predominantly composed of brucite (Mg(OH)2), and organic molecules are known to be present in the pond liquor with occasional algal blooms restricting visibility...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772608/activity-behaviours-in-lean-and-morbidly-obese-pregnant-women
#12
Caterina Fazzi, Nor Mohd-Shukri, Fiona C Denison, David H Saunders, Jane E Norman, Rebecca M Reynolds
Interventions to increase physical activity in pregnancy are challenging for morbidly obese women. Targeting sedentary behaviours may be a suitable alternative to increase energy expenditure. We aimed to determine total energy expenditure, and energy expended in sedentary activities in morbidly obese and lean pregnant women. We administered the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire PPAQ (non-objective) and the Actical accelerometer (objective) to morbidly obese (BMI≥40kg/m²) and lean (BMI≤25Kg/M²) pregnant women recruited in early (<24 weeks), and late (≥24 weeks) gestation...
May 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772447/one-to-one-specialling-and-sitters-in-acute-care-hospitals-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Victoria J Wood, Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Nick Swart, Michelle McIntosh, Sonya Crowe, Stephen Morris, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: One to one specialling is a type of care which is provided to ensure the safety of patients who may be suffering from cognitive impairment, exhibit challenging behaviour, or may be at risk of falls or of causing harm to themselves or others. Care such as this, often referred to as 'specialling' or 'sitting' is common practice in most hospitals around the world, but there is a lack of evidence regarding its cost effectiveness and the quality of care provided. AIM: The aim of this scoping review was to explore the breadth and scope of literature on one to one specialling, sitters and similar types of care in acute secondary care settings, in order to identify the challenges and concerns relating to the quality of care (process and outcomes) and cost effectiveness emerging from the literature, and determine the implications of this for policy, practice and future research...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768728/evaluation-of-complex-community-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-interventions
#14
REVIEW
D Karacabeyli, S Allender, S Pinkney, S Amed
BACKGROUND: Multi-setting, multi-component community-based interventions have shown promise in preventing childhood obesity; however, evaluation of these complex interventions remains a challenge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to systematically review published methodological approaches to outcome evaluation for multi-setting community-based childhood obesity prevention interventions and synthesize a set of pragmatic recommendations. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched from inception to 6 July 2017...
May 16, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767619/metrics-to-assess-injury-prevention-programs-for-young-workers-in-high-risk-occupations-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#15
Smith Jennifer, Birinder Praneet Purewal, Alison Macpherson, Ian Pike
INTRODUCTION: Despite legal protections for young workers in Canada, youth aged 15-24 are at high risk of traumatic occupational injury. While many injury prevention initiatives targeting young workers exist, the challenge faced by youth advocates and employers is deciding what aspect(s) of prevention will be the most effective focus for their efforts. A review of the academic and grey literatures was undertaken to compile the metrics-both the indicators being evaluated and the methods of measurement-commonly used to assess injury prevention programs for young workers...
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765696/behavioural-divergence-during-biological-invasions-a-study-of-cane-toads-rhinella-marina-from-contrasting-environments-in-hawai-i
#16
Jodie Gruber, Gregory Brown, Martin J Whiting, Richard Shine
Invasive species must deal with novel challenges, both from the alien environment and from pressures arising from range expansion per se (e.g. spatial sorting). Those conditions can create geographical variation in behaviour across the invaded range, as has been documented across regions of Australia invaded by cane toads; range-edge toads are more exploratory and willing to take risks than are conspecifics from the range-core. That behavioural divergence might be a response to range expansion and invasion per se , or to the different environments encountered...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765691/sexual-phenotype-drives-variation-in-endocrine-responses-to-social-challenge-in-a-quasi-clonal-animal
#17
Cheng-Yu Li, Shu-Ping Huang, Mark Garcia, Adam Fuller, Yuying Hsu, Ryan L Earley
In many species, males tend to behave more aggressively than females and female aggression often occurs during particular life stages such as maternal defence of offspring. Though many studies have revealed differences in aggression between the sexes, few studies have compared the sexes in terms of their neuroendocrine responses to contest experience. We investigated sex differences in the endocrine response to social challenge using mangrove rivulus fish, Kryptolebias marmoratus . In this species, sex is determined environmentally, allowing us to produce males and hermaphrodites with identical genotypes...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764136/composition-inversion-in-mixtures-of-binary-colloids-and-polymer
#18
Isla Zhang, Rattachai Pinchaipat, Nigel B Wilding, Malcolm A Faers, Paul Bartlett, Robert Evans, C Patrick Royall
Understanding the phase behaviour of mixtures continues to pose challenges, even for systems that might be considered "simple." Here, we consider a very simple mixture of two colloidal and one non-adsorbing polymer species, which can be simplified even further to a size-asymmetrical binary mixture, in which the effective colloid-colloid interactions depend on the polymer concentration. We show that this basic system exhibits surprisingly rich phase behaviour. In particular, we enquire whether such a system features only a liquid-vapor phase separation (as in one-component colloid-polymer mixtures) or whether, additionally, liquid-liquid demixing of two colloidal phases can occur...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764108/factors-that-influence-enrolment-and-retention-in-ghana-national-health-insurance-scheme
#19
Agnes Millicent Kotoh, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Sjaak Van der Geest
BACKGROUND: The government of Ghana introduced the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in 2004 with the goal of achieving universal coverage within 5 years. Evidence, however, shows that expanding NHIS coverage and especially retaining members have remained a challenge. A multilevel perspective was employed as a conceptual framework and methodological tool to examine why enrolment and retention in the NHIS remains low. METHODS: A household survey was conducted after 20 months educational and promotional activities aimed at improving enrolment and retention rates in 15 communities in the Central and Eastern Regions (ERs) of Ghana...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761596/the-electronic-pharmaceutical-record-a-new-method-for-medication-reconciliation
#20
Camille Jurado, Violaine Calmels, Emilie Lobinet, Elodie Divol, Hélène Hanaire, David Metsu, Brigitte Sallerin
RATIONALE, AIM, AND OBJECTIVE: There are several ways to establish an accurate medication list in the hospital admission medication reconciliation (MedRec). The challenge for MedRec lies in the availability, reliability, and completeness of the data used. In France, the Electronic Pharmaceutical Record (ePR) was developed to register each medication taken by ambulatory patients, primarily to make dispensation in community pharmacies safe. We evaluated the suitability of this tool in the MedRec when patients were admitted to the hospital...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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