Read by QxMD icon Read

paraneoplastic vasculitis

Knut Kurt William Kampe, Roman Rotermund, Milena Tienken, Götz Thomalla, Marc Regier, Susanne Klutmann, Stefan Kluge
PURPOSE: (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) is a promising new tool for the identification of inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic foci. The aim of our work was to evaluate the diagnostic value of FDG-PET/CT in patients treated on a neurological/neurosurgical ICU or stroke unit. METHODS: We performed a single-center, 10-year, retrospective evaluation of the value of FDG-PET/CT in critically ill adult patients with severe neurological disease...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Mattia Bellan, Enrico Boggio, Daniele Sola, Antonello Gibbin, Alessandro Gualerzi, Serena Favretto, Giulia Guaschino, Ramona Bonometti, Roberta Pedrazzoli, Mario Pirisi, Pier Paolo Sainaghi
The association between cancer and immune-mediated rheumatic conditions is controversial, especially as far as polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is concerned. Furthermore, no clinical feature has been shown to be suggestive of a paraneoplastic rheumatic syndrome. With the present study, we aim to address both these issues. The study population comprised N = 1750 patients, including N = 100 with PMR, who attended our tertiary immuno-rheumatology clinic between January 1, 2005 and November 30, 2012. A rheumatic disease was deemed paraneoplastic if cancer had been diagnosed in the 2 years preceding or following its onset...
February 8, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Eoin P Flanagan, Shannon R Hinson, Vanda A Lennon, Boyan Fang, Allen J Aksamit, P Pearse Morris, Eati Basal, Josephe A Honorat, Nora B Alfugham, Jenny J Linnoila, Brian G Weinshenker, Sean J Pittock, Andrew McKeon
OBJECTIVE: A novel autoimmune central nervous system (CNS) disorder with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-IgG as biomarker was recently characterized. Here, 102 patients with GFAP-IgG positivity are described. METHODS: The 102 included patients had: (1) serum, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), or both that yielded a characteristic astrocytic pattern of mouse tissue immunostaining; (2) confirmation of IgG reactive with specific GFAP isoforms (α, ɛ, or κ) by cell-based assays; and (3) clinical data available...
February 2017: Annals of Neurology
Juliana Atallah, Juan C Garces, Enrique Loayza, John A Carlson
One of the pathogenic causes of cutaneous inflammatory pseudotumors is chronic localized fibrosing leukocytoclastic vasculitis (CLFLCV), a vasculitic reaction pattern seen in granuloma faciale (GF), a localized vasculitis, and erythema elevatum diutinum (EED), a generalized vasculitis. Patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) are at risk for a diverse spectrum of cutaneous neutrophilic dermatoses such as EED. Herein, we report a 74-year-old man who presented with a large ulcerative, fungating tumor affecting the right flexor ankle caused by CLFLCV...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
E Grignano, A Mekinian, V Jachiet, P Coppo, O Fain
In this literature review, we reported autoimmune and inflammatory disorders associated with lymphoid hematological malignancies, including non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The different types of systemic involvement are classified by affected organ. We listed in this review the joint diseases, skin, neurologic, hematologic, renal, and vasculitis. We tried to determine whether there is a correlation between each autoimmune manifestation and a specific type of lymphoma or a particular feature that may support a paraneoplastic origin, if there is an impact on the prognosis of the hematological malignancy, and finally, we identified the different therapeutic strategies used in the literature...
November 24, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Seung Hyun Lee, Jae Hyung Kim, Sejin Park, Chang Youn Won, Joo-Hyun Lee, Seong Yoon Yi, Hye Kyeong Park, Sun Hee Chang, Hoon Jung, Sung-Soon Lee, Hyeon-Kyoung Koo
Systemic vasculitis involving the lung is a rare manifestation of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and secondary vasculitis is considered to have poor prognosis. A 44-year-old man presented with fever and dyspnea of 1 month duration. A chest radiograph revealed bilateral multiple wedge shaped consolidations. In addition, the results of a percutaneous needle biopsy for non-resolving pneumonia were compatible with pulmonary vasculitis. Bone marrow biopsy was performed due to the persistence of unexplained anemia and the patient was diagnosed with MDS...
October 2016: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Ivanka S Nenova, Mariana Y Valcheva, Elina A Beleva, Dora Y Tumbeva, Marianna P Yaneva, Emilia L Rancheva, Zhanet G Grudeva-Popova
INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune disorders have been documented in solid tumors and malignant hematological disorders. They are very common and well studied in lymphomas which are associated with immune imbalance. They are less common in solid tumors and are categorized as paraneoplastic syndromes with unclear pathogenesis. AIM: The aim of the present study was to find the frequency of autoimmune phenomena in solid tumors of various origin, location and status of the tumor...
September 1, 2016: Folia Medica
Bradley T Williamson, Lynda Foltz, Heather A Leitch
Autoimmune manifestations (AIM) are reported in up to 10-30% of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients; this association is not well defined. We present herein a retrospective chart review of single center MDS patients for AIM, a case discussion and a literature review. Of 252 MDS patients examined, 11 (4.4%) had AIM around MDS diagnosis. International Prognostic Scoring System scores were: low or intermediate (int)-1 (n=7); int-2 or high (n=4). AIM were: culture negative sepsis (n=7); inflammatory arthritis (n=3); vasculitis (n=4); sweats; pericarditis; polymyalgia rheumatica (n=2 each); mouth ulcers; pulmonary infiltrates; suspicion for Behcet's; polychondritis and undifferentiated (n=1 each)...
May 10, 2016: Hematology Reports
Misako Kaido, Yoshihito Yuasa, Tameyoshi Yamamoto, Satoru Munakata, Naohiro Tagawa, Keiko Tanaka
We report the case of a patient who had developed multiple cranial nerve palsies in the course of possible paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS) associated with gallbladder cancer. Twelve days prior to visiting our hospital, a 69-year-old man began experiencing neurological symptoms, beginning with diplopia and progressing to ptosis of the left palpebra and subsequent complete closure of the eye within 8 days. Results of the initial medical examination indicated paresis of left oculomotor (III) and abducens (VI) nerves...
September 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
N Guerouaz, M Alaoui, M Raiss, B Hassam, K Senouci
Systemic vasculitis secondary to thyroid carcinomas is exceptional. We report the case of a 55-year-old woman who presented with systemic vasculitis involving leucocytoclastic cutaneous vasculitis and renal disorders secondary to papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Her symptoms resolved completely after total thyroidectomy. Other causes of vasculitis were excluded. To our knowledge, this is only the second case reported of systemic vasculitis associated with PTC in a paraneoplastic manner.
August 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Lianghua Fang, Yue Hu, Wei Wang, Shouyou Hu, L I Zhang, Ruiping Wang
Leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV) is a neutrophilic inflammation of the blood vessels. LCV may present as a paraneoplastic syndrome occurring before, synchronously with, or after the diagnosis of malignancy. In this study, we report a unique case of multiple malignancies developing simultaneously in a patient with a long history of LCV. The patient was originally diagnosed with LCV and received long-term glucocorticoid treatment. After 11 years of therapy, the patient developed three primary malignancies, including small-cell lung carcinoma, gastric adenocarcinoma and colonic adenocarcinoma...
June 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
T Aguiar, M B Vincent
Giant cell arteritis (GCA), a systemic vasculitis of unknown origin, may appear rarely as a paraneoplastic syndrome. Cases secondary to pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors have not been reported. A 75-year-old female developed prednisone-responsive GCA/polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) shortly followed by syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. An 8 mm carcinoid lung tumor with positron emission tomography normal uptake was found. After a thoracoscopic tumor resection the patient experienced complete clinical and laboratory remission...
December 23, 2015: Reumatismo
Uni Wong, Harris Yfantis, Guofeng Xie
Urticarial vasculitis (UV) is a rare small vessel vasculitis. UV is often idiopathic but can also present in the context of autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus, drug reactions, infections, or a paraneoplastic syndrome. Extracutaneous complications include intestinal ischemic injuries, in UV patients with nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain and nausea. Prompt recognition and treatment can minimize morbidity and mortality. This paper describes a case of urticarial vasculitis-associated intestinal ischemia...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Camilla Arvinius, Ana González-Pérez, Javier García-Coiradas, Roberto García-Maroto, Juan Luis Cebrián-Parra
Vasculopathic syndromes have been associated with hematological and solid organ malignancies. The pathogenesis of these syndromes remains largely unknown and there are no biologic markers identified. Whether it is or is not a paraneoplastic syndrome is under discussion, the close temporal relationship of cancer and vasculitis suggests that these vasculitides are a paraneoplastic condition. We report a case of a 45-year-old female patient with pelvic chondrosarcoma who underwent surgical treatment and started to present visual loss, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SRIS), cardiac insufficiency, hepatosplenomegaly, cholestasis as well as pulmonary bleeding suggesting a sarcoma-associated vasculitis...
2016: SICOT-J
Shigeto Nagao, Takayuki Kondo, Takashi Nakamura, Tomokazu Nakagawa, Sadayuki Matsumoto
We report a case of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection that showed subacute progressive cerebellar ataxia without HIV encephalopathy or other encephalopathies, including progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy or encephalitis of other human herpes virus (HHV) infections. A 43-year-old man exhibited unsteady gait. Neurological examination disclosed ataxia of the trunk and lower extremities. Personality change and dementia were absent. Magnetic resonance imaging did not reveal any abnormal finding, including of the cerebellum...
April 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Alessandro Broccoli, Letizia Gandolfi, Cinzia Pellegrini, Claudio Agostinelli, Lisa Argnani, Pier Luigi Zinzani
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune manifestations may occur in patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL), and some rare cases of polyarteritis nodosa and leukocytoclastic vasculitis have been reported. However, data regarding the treatment of these cutaneous manifestations are lacking, given the rarity of the concomitance of HCL and vasculitic syndromes. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 37-year-old man with paraneoplastic leukocytoclastic vasculitis complicating newly diagnosed HCL...
November 11, 2016: Tumori
Meriem Amouri, Abdelrahmen Masmoudi, Morsi Ammar, Sonia Boudaya, Abdelmajid Khabir, Tahia Boudawara, Hamida Turki
BACKGROUND: Sweet's syndrome (SS) is a neutrophilic dermatosis characterized by the abrupt onset of cutaneous, systemic and histopathological alterations in response to different stimuli. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the epidemioclinical, histological, and therapeutic features and outcomes of SS. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with SS over a 20-year period (1993-2012) was conducted. Data were analyzed using a level of significance of 5%...
September 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Jasminka Milas-Ahić, Visnja Prus, Nela Sustić, Roberta Višević, Ivana Kovacević, Zeljka Kardum
Cryoglobulinemia refers to the presence of circulating cryoglobulins in the serum which may lead to organ damage and systemic response characterized by fatigue, arthralgias, purpura, glomerulonephritis and neuropathy. The disease mainly affects small and medium-sized blood vessels and causes vasculitis due to cryoglobulin-containing immune complexes. Mixed cryoglobulinemia (type I and II) are most often associated with infections, especially hepatitis C virus (HCV), but may occur as part of lymphoproliferative and autoimmune diseases...
2015: Reumatizam
Jakob Schüllhammer Knudsen, Kristian Aasbjerg, Signe Schüllhammer Knudsen, Danson Muttuvelu
A 55-year-old healthy man presented with redness and pain in both eyes and was diagnosed with bilateral scleritis. A year later impairment of ocular movement and cervical adenopathy appeared. Laboratory tests revealed signs of inflammation: increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, lymphocytosis, lactate dehydrogenase, S-ACE converting enzyme and interleukin-2-antibody. An orbital MR-scan revealed inflammation of the extra-ocular muscles. PET-CT showed vascular changes consistent with vasculitis. Lymph node biopsy confirmed the diagnosis chronic lymphatic leukaemia (CLL)...
October 9, 2015: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Takumi Matsumoto, Tetsuya Saito, Hitoshi Kohsaka
Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), a clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder with myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative overlap feature, is frequently associated with autoimmune diseases, such as vasculitis, polyarthritis, and neutrophilic dermatosis. We herein report the first case of CMML complicated with spondyloarthritis (SpA). A 64-year-old female patient, admitted to our hospital with buttock pain alternating left and right, was found to have sacroiliitis and spondylitis by contrast magnetic resonance imaging...
October 20, 2015: Modern Rheumatology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"