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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153273/women-s-experiences-of-having-depression-during-pregnancy-and-receiving-acupuncture-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#1
Simone M Ormsby, Hannah G Dahlen, Caroline A Smith
BACKGROUND: Research indicates some women experiencing depression during pregnancy are dissatisfied with conventional depression treatments due to incomplete effectiveness, dislike of side effects, unsatisfactory experiences with providers and concerns regarding in-utero and breastfeeding safety. Consequently, many explore alternative options including acupuncture. To further understand women's views, preferences and motivations in this regard, as well as their experiences of receiving acupuncture as part of a three-armed pragmatic randomised controlled trial evaluating acupuncture for antenatal depression in Sydney, Australia, in-depth interviews were conducted with a group of acupuncture recipients...
November 15, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151170/the-function-of-the-cellular-prion-protein-in-health-and-disease
#2
REVIEW
Joel C Watts, Matthew E C Bourkas, Hamza Arshad
The essential role of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) in prion disorders such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is well documented. Moreover, evidence is accumulating that PrP(C) may act as a receptor for protein aggregates and transduce neurotoxic signals in more common neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease. Although the pathological roles of PrP(C) have been thoroughly characterized, a general consensus on its physiological function within the brain has not yet been established. Knockout studies in various organisms, ranging from zebrafish to mice, have implicated PrP(C) in a diverse range of nervous system-related activities that include a key role in the maintenance of peripheral nerve myelination as well as a general ability to protect against neurotoxic stimuli...
November 18, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135674/the-pursuit-of-scholarship-why-we-should-care-about-resident-research
#3
Joan E Bechtold, Benjamin R Williams, Stuart L Weinstein, David W Polly, Andrew J Pugely, Joseph A Buckwalter, Stephen A Albanese, Kevin J Bozic, Brian D Snyder
Research is a foundational component of an orthopaedic residency. It fosters intellectual curiosity and pursuit of excellence, while teaching discipline and the scientific method. These are the key principles for careers in both community-based practice and academia. Currently, no consensus exists on how to best engage residents and support their research endeavors. In 2014, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Specialty Societies Research and Quality Committee convened a Clinician-Scientist Collaboration Workgroup...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132450/monitoring-receptivity-to-online-health-messages-by-tracking-daily-web-traffic-engagement-patterns-a-review-of-more-than-13-million-us-web-exposures-over-1-235-days
#4
Neil Seeman, Bob Seeman
Reaching the recipient of online health messages is necessary to Web-based health promotion applications. To measure willingness to adhere to a health-related Web message, we explored the frequency with which more than 13 million Web users ignored or opted to receive a random inbound message. The findings suggest declining curiosity among Web users about online messages, and that certain days may be more propitious than others for communicating with users. This approach can be modified to gather more granular insights into how messages, including timing and design features, can be tailored to promote improved public health messaging...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131495/old-treatment-and-new-curiosity-lithium-in-drinking-water
#5
Paul Grof
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129984/intercultural-competency-development-of-health-professions-students-during-study-abroad-in-india
#6
Claire A Richards, Ardith Z Doorenbos
Objective: Short-term international health-related study abroad seminars for health-professions students are increasingly popular because of a focus in higher education on global awareness and intercultural competency. This study describes a study abroad strategy to teach students intercultural communication skills and knowledge, and evaluated the effectiveness of a 3-week health-related study abroad program and intercultural competency curriculum in increasing skills and knowledge of health-profession students...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127786/development-and-initial-testing-of-the-brief-adolescent-smoking-curiosity-scale-ascos
#7
Georges E Khalil, Karen S Calabro, Alexander V Prokhorov
BACKGROUND: Although the reasons behind tobacco smoking at young age are complex, research has identified curiosity as a potent driver of smoking among adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study is to develop and provide initial evidence of reliability and validity of a short scale assessing smoking curiosity among adolescents (first measure of its kind). In particular, we developed and tested the adolescent smoking curiosity scale (ASCOS). METHODS: After scale development, 101 adolescents completed a survey on smoking-related measures, including ASCOS (June to August 2014)...
November 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119460/personal-genomic-testing-genetic-inheritance-and-uncertainty
#8
Paul H Mason
The case outlined below is the basis for the In That Case section of the "Ethics and Epistemology of Big Data" symposium. Jordan receives reports from two separate personal genomic tests that provide intriguing data about ancestry and worrying but ambiguous data about the potential risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. What began as a personal curiosity about genetic inheritance turns into an alarming situation of medical uncertainty. Questions about Jordan's family tree are overshadowed by even more questions about Alzheimer's disease and healthy ageing...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117573/from-design-to-dissemination-conducting-quantitative-medical-education-research
#9
REVIEW
Erika L Abramson, Caroline R Paul, Jean Petershack, Janet Serwint, Janet E Fischel, Mary Rocha, Meghan Treitz, Heather McPhillips, Tai Lockspeiser, Patricia Hicks, Linda Tewksbury, Margarita Vasquez, Daniel J Tancredi, Su-Ting T Li
Rigorous medical education research is critical to effectively develop and evaluate the training we provide our learners. Yet, many clinical medical educators lack the training and skills needed to conduct high quality medical education research. This paper offers guidance on conducting sound quantitative medical education research. Our aim is to equip readers with the key skills and strategies necessary to conduct successful research projects, highlighting new concepts and controversies in the field. We utilize Glassick's criteria for scholarship as a framework to discuss strategies to ensure that the research question of interest is worthy of further study and how to use existing literature and conceptual frameworks to strengthen a research study...
November 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113070/electronic-cigarette-use-in-students-and-its-relation-with-tobacco-smoking-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-i-share-study
#10
Shérazade Kinouani, Edwige Pereira, Christophe Tzourio
While young adults often try e-cigarettes, little is known about its use and the reasons for experimentation, particularly in relation with tobacco-smoking. In 2016, data were collected from 2720 French-speaking students participating in a web-based study on students' health: the internet-based Students Health Research Enterprise (i-Share) project. Univariate analyses and multivariable logistic regressions were performed to study the relationship between e-cigarette use and smoking status. Two out of five students declared having tried e-cigarettes and 3...
November 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112713/st-product-characteristics-and-relationships-with-perceptions-and-behaviors-among-rural-adolescent-males-a-qualitative-study
#11
Elizabeth T Couch, Ellen F Darius, Margaret M Walsh, Benjamin W Chaffee
Although smoking declines in the United States, the prevalence of male adolescent smokeless tobacco (ST; moist snuff and chewing tobacco) use remains unchanged. ST product characteristics, such as flavoring, packaging, and branding, could influence adolescents' ST initiation and continued use. This qualitative study examines the potential role of product characteristics in shaping ST-related perceptions and behaviors among rural adolescent males. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted at three California rural high schools...
November 3, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102425/leadership-rounds-to-reduce-health-care-associated-infections
#12
Mary Jo Knobloch, Betty Chewning, Jackson Musuuza, Susan Rees, Christopher Green, Erin Patterson, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines exist to reduce health care-associated infections (HAIs). Leadership rounds are one tool leaders can use to ensure compliance with guidelines, but have not been studied specifically for the reduction of HAIs. This study examines HAI leadership rounds at one facility. METHODS: We explored unit-based HAI leadership rounds led by 2 hospital leaders at a large academic hospital. Leadership rounds were observed on 19 units, recorded, and coded to identify themes...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071759/curiosity-based-learning-in-infants-a-neurocomputational-approach
#13
Katherine E Twomey, Gert Westermann
Infants are curious learners who drive their own cognitive development by imposing structure on their learning environment as they explore. Understanding the mechanisms by which infants structure their own learning is therefore critical to our understanding of development. Here we propose an explicit mechanism for intrinsically motivated information selection that maximizes learning. We first present a neurocomputational model of infant visual category learning, capturing existing empirical data on the role of environmental complexity on learning...
October 26, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070805/strain-induced-polarization-chaos-in-a-solitary-vcsel
#14
T R Raddo, K Panajotov, B-H V Borges, M Virte
Physical curiosity at the beginning, optical chaos is now attracting increasing interest in various technological areas such as detection and ranging or secure communications, to name but a few. However, the complexity of optical chaos generators still significantly hinders their development. In this context, the generation of chaotic polarization fluctuations in a single laser diode has proven to be a significant step forward, despite being observed solely for quantum-dot vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs)...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069425/recall-of-point-of-sale-marketing-predicts-cigar-and-e-cigarette-use-among-texas-youth
#15
Keryn E Pasch, Nicole E Nicksic, Samuel C Opara, Christian Jackson, Melissa B Harrell, Cheryl L Perry
Introduction: While research has documented associations between recall of point-of sale tobacco marketing and youth tobacco use, much of the research is cross-sectional and focused on cigarettes. The present longitudinal study examined recall of tobacco marketing at the point-of-sale and multiple types of tobacco use six months later. Methods: The Texas Adolescent Tobacco Advertising and Marketing Surveillance System (TATAMS) is a large-scale, representative study of 6th, 8th, and 10th graders in 79 middle and high schools in five counties in Texas...
October 23, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065813/enter-as-an-outsider-teaching-organizational-humility
#16
John F Clabby
The concept of cultural humility acknowledges the enormous task of becoming culturally competent by encouraging curiosity about the context within which others live. For physicians, this includes curiosity about the organizations in which they work as Outsiders in settings such as a new hospital or patients' homes. However, efforts to train healthcare professionals in cultural competence are often de-emphasized due to the pressure learners feel to acquire Medical Knowledge and clinical skills. Little time is devoted to address the significance of cultural humility for fully appreciating the experiences of others...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065023/-you-have-to-know-the-end-of-the-story-motivations-to-follow-up-after-transitions-of-clinical-responsibility
#17
Judith L Bowen, Jonathan S Ilgen, David M Irby, Olle Ten Cate, Bridget C O'Brien
PURPOSE: Physicians routinely transition responsibility for patient care to other physicians. When transitions of responsibility occur before the clinical outcome is known, physicians may lose opportunities to learn from the consequences of their decision making. Sometimes curiosity about patients does not end with the transition and physicians continue to follow them. This study explores physicians' motivations to follow up after transitioning responsibilities. METHOD: Using a constructivist grounded theory approach, the authors conducted 18 semistructured interviews in 2016 with internal medicine hospitalist and resident physicians at a single tertiary care academic medical center...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060604/dynamical-brain-connectivity-estimation-using-garch-models-an-application-to-personality-neuroscience
#18
R Riccelli, L Passamonti, A Duggento, M Guerrisi, I Indovina, A Terracciano, N Toschi
It has recently become evident that the functional connectome of the human brain is a dynamical entity whose time evolution carries important information underpinning physiological brain function as well as its disease-related aberrations. While simple sliding window approaches have had some success in estimating dynamical brain connectivity in a functional MRI (fMRI) context, these methods suffer from limitations related to the arbitrary choice of window length and limited time resolution. Recently, Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (GARCH) models have been employed to generate dynamical covariance models which can be applied to fMRI...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056870/an-update-on-childhood-lead-poisoning
#19
Marissa Hauptman, Rebecca Bruccoleri, Alan D Woolf
Childhood lead poisoning is a multi-faceted, complex condition, which affects not only the child's health and well-being, but also the family's housing security, economic status, job security, and stress level. This review updates the emergency department clinician on the management of childhood lead poisoning. Infants and children are at higher risk than adults for lead exposure due to their smaller size and proportionately larger dose of ingested toxins, their proximity to ground dirt and indoor dust, their energy and curiosity, their oral exploratory and pica behaviors, their proportionately larger daily water and milk intake, and dietary preferences that differ markedly from those of adults...
September 2017: Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051684/a-tripartite-taxonomy-of-character-evidence-for-intrapersonal-interpersonal-and-intellectual-competencies-in-children
#20
Daeun Park, Eli Tsukayama, Geoffrey P Goodwin, Sarah Patrick, Angela L Duckworth
Other than cognitive ability, what competencies should schools promote in children? How are they organized, and to what extent do they predict consequential outcomes? Separate theoretical traditions have suggested interpersonal, intrapersonal, and intellectual dimensions, reflecting how children relate to other people, manage their own goals and impulses, and engage with ideas, respectively. However, very little work has examined character empirically. In the current investigation, we partnered with middle schools that had previously identified character strengths relevant in their communities...
January 2017: Contemporary Educational Psychology
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