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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924525/anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effects-of-sesame-oil-on-atherosclerosis-a-descriptive-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Edmund Hsu, Sam Parthasarathy
Sesame oil (SO) is a supplement that has been known to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which makes it effective for reducing atherosclerosis and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Due to the side effects of statins, the current recommended treatment for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases, the idea of using dietary and nutritional supplementation has been explored. The benefits of a dietary health regime have piqued curiosity because many different cultures have reaped health benefits through the ingredients in their cooking with negligible side effects...
July 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922444/cholangiocarcinoma-in-wilson-s-disease-a-case-report
#2
Dániel Németh, Anikó Folhoffer, Gábor Smuk, Béla Kajtár, Tamás Tornóczky, Ferenc Szalay
It has been suggested that hepatobiliary carcinomas are less frequent in Wilson's disease (WD) than in liver diseases of other etiology. However, the protective role of copper against malignancies is debated. Only a few cases of cholangiocarcinoma (CCC) in WD have been published. Here we report on a case of a 47-year-old male H1069Q homozygous, Kayser-Fleischer ring positive WD patient with a low ceruloplasmin level who was followed up and treated with chelating agents throughout nine years. The patient presented with neurological symptoms and liver cirrhosis at diagnosis...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921410/vyacheslav-slava-klimov-1945-2017-a-scientist-par-excellence-a-great-human-being-a-friend-and-a-renaissance-man
#3
Suleyman I Allakhverdiev, Sergey K Zharmukhamedov, Margarita V Rodionova, Vladimir A Shuvalov, Charles Dismukes, Jian-Ren Shen, James Barber, Göran Samuelsson, Govindjee
Vyacheslav Vasilevich (V.V.) Klimov (or Slava, as most of us called him) was born on January 12, 1945 and passed away on May 9, 2017. He began his scientific career at the Bach Institute of Biochemistry of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Akademy Nauk (AN) SSSR), Moscow, Russia, and then, he was associated with the Institute of Photosynthesis, Pushchino, Moscow Region, for about 50 years. He worked in the field of biochemistry and biophysics of photosynthesis. He is known for his studies on the molecular organization of photosystem II (PSII)...
September 18, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920015/working-with-bacteria-and-putting-bacteria-to-work-the-biopolitics-of-synthetic-biology-for-energy-in-the-united-kingdom
#4
Carmen McLeod, Brigitte Nerlich, Alison Mohr
The UK government has made significant investment into so called 'fourth-generation' biofuel technologies. These biofuels are based on engineering the metabolic pathways of bacteria in order to create products compatible with existing infrastructure. Bacteria play an important role in what is promoted as a potentially new biological industrial revolution, which could address some of the negative environmental legacies of the last. This article presents results from ethnographic research with synthetic biologists who are challenged with balancing the curiosity-driven and intrinsically fulfilling scientific task of working with bacteria, alongside the policy-driven task of putting bacteria to work for extrinsic economic gains...
August 2017: Energy Research & Social Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918950/power-transfer-to-a-human-during-an-electric-eel-s-shocking-leap
#5
Kenneth C Catania
Electric eels have been the subject of investigation and curiosity for centuries [1]. They use high voltage to track [2] and control [3] prey, as well as to exhaust prey by causing involuntary fatigue through remote activation of prey muscles [4]. But their most astonishing behavior is the leaping attack, during which eels emerge from the water to directly electrify a threat [5, 6]. This unique defense has reportedly been used against both horses [7] and humans [8]. Yet the dynamics of the circuit that develops when a living animal is contacted and the electrical power transmitted to the target have not been directly investigated...
September 8, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915887/professional-fulfillment-and-parenting-work-life-balance-in-female-physicians-in-basic-sciences-and-medical-research-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-of-all-80-medical-schools-in-japan
#6
Yuka Yamazaki, Takanori Uka, Eiji Marui
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the field of Basic Sciences encompasses clinical, academic, and translational research, as well as the teaching of medical sciences, with both an MD and PhD typically required. In this study, it was hypothesized that the characteristics of a Basic Sciences career path could offer the professional advancement and personal fulfillment that many female medical doctors would find advantageous. Moreover, encouraging interest in Basic Sciences could help stem shortages that Japan is experiencing in medical fields, as noted in the three principal contributing factors: premature resignation of female clinicians, an imbalance of female physicians engaged in research, and a shortage of medical doctors in the Basic Sciences...
September 15, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914395/repetitive-on-demand-drug-release-from-polymeric-matrices-containing-a-macroscopic-spherical-iron-core
#7
Stefan A Rovers, Maartje F Kemmere, Jos T F Keurentjes, Richard Hoogenboom
A system for multiple on-demand drug release has been prepared that can be activated with an alternating magnetic field as external trigger. The core/shell samples have been developed based on a macroscopic spherical iron core coated with a thermoresponsive polymer, poly(styrene-stat-butyl methacrylate), containing ibuprofen as a model drug. During exposure of the samples to the magnetic field (ON state), the release rate of ibuprofen is significantly increased, up to 35 times the release rate without the magnetic field (OFF state)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903672/cognitive-and-interpersonal-features-of-intellectual-humility
#8
Mark R Leary, Kate J Diebels, Erin K Davisson, Katrina P Jongman-Sereno, Jennifer C Isherwood, Kaitlin T Raimi, Samantha A Deffler, Rick H Hoyle
Four studies examined intellectual humility-the degree to which people recognize that their beliefs might be wrong. Using a new Intellectual Humility (IH) Scale, Study 1 showed that intellectual humility was associated with variables related to openness, curiosity, tolerance of ambiguity, and low dogmatism. Study 2 revealed that participants high in intellectual humility were less certain that their beliefs about religion were correct and judged people less on the basis of their religious opinions. In Study 3, participants high in intellectual humility were less inclined to think that politicians who changed their attitudes were "flip-flopping," and Study 4 showed that people high in intellectual humility were more attuned to the strength of persuasive arguments than those who were low...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899113/open-mouthed-and-wide-eyed-psychoanalytic-reflections-on-curiosity
#9
Salman Akhtar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898660/succulent-plants
#10
Howard Griffiths, Jamie Males
The peculiar morphologies of succulent plants have been variously considered as grotesque monstrosities and exotic curiosities, but succulents have always been perceived as unique. The succulent syndrome is considered to be one of the most remarkable examples of convergent evolution across the plant kingdom. Common to all succulents is the presence of large cells for water storage. However, cellular succulence can occur in any vegetative plant organ, with the level of succulence in roots, stems, and leaves being subject to a certain degree of evolutionary coordination...
September 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895615/-methamphetamine-use-in-central-germany-a-qualitative-study-on-consumer-groups-and-motives-from-the-experts-perspective
#11
Laura Hoffmann, Nadine Schumann, Matthias Richter
Background Methamphetamine is one of the most consumed illegal drugs worldwide. In Germany, Methamphetamine shows the highest rates of growth in comparison to other illegal substances in recent years. Particularly Central Germany has been struck by a high rise in consumption. International studies indicate that there is no specific group of people that can be identified as Methamphetamine users. Different consumption patterns in terms of Methamphetamine use can be identified within various social groups. This qualitative study will explore different consumer groups among methamphetamine users, their motives, and how they differ by drug addiction type...
September 11, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887945/the-radiation-environment-on-the-surface-of-mars-numerical-calculations-of-the-galactic-component-with-geant4-planetocosmics
#12
Daniel Matthiä, Thomas Berger
Galactic cosmic radiation and secondary particles produced in the interaction with the atmosphere lead to a complex radiation field on the Martian surface. A workshop ("1st Mars Space Radiation Modeling Workshop") organized by the MSL-RAD science team was held in June 2016 in Boulder with the goal to compare models capable to predict this radiation field with each other and measurements from the RAD instrument onboard the curiosity rover taken between November 15, 2015 and January 15, 2016. In this work the results of PLANETOCOSMICS/GEANT4 contributed to the workshop are presented...
August 2017: Life Sciences in Space Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887943/simulation-of-the-gcr-spectrum-in-the-mars-curiosity-rover-s-rad-detector-using-mcnp6
#13
Hunter N Ratliff, Michael B R Smith, Lawrence Heilbronn
The paper presents results from MCNP6 simulations of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) propagation down through the Martian atmosphere to the surface and comparison with RAD measurements made there. This effort is part of a collaborative modeling workshop for space radiation hosted by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI). All modeling teams were tasked with simulating the galactic cosmic ray (GCR) spectrum through the Martian atmosphere and the Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) on-board the Curiosity rover. The detector had two separate particle acceptance angles, 4π and 30 ° off zenith...
August 2017: Life Sciences in Space Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887941/the-charged-particle-radiation-environment-on-mars-measured-by-msl-rad-from-november-15-2015-to-january-15-2016
#14
Bent Ehresmann, Cary J Zeitlin, Donald M Hassler, Daniel Matthiä, Jingnan Guo, Robert F Wimmer-Schweingruber, Jan K Appel, David E Brinza, Scot C R Rafkin, Stephan I Böttcher, Sönke Burmeister, Henning Lohf, Cesar Martin, Eckart Böhm, Günther Reitz
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) on board the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity rover has been measuring the radiation environment in Gale crater on Mars since August, 2012. These first in-situ measurements provide an important data set for assessing the radiation-associated health risks for future manned missions to Mars. Mainly, the radiation field on the Martian surface stems from Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCRs) and secondary particles created by the GCRs' interactions with the Martian atmosphere and soil...
August 2017: Life Sciences in Space Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887938/measurements-of-the-neutral-particle-spectra-on-mars-by-msl-rad-from-2015-11-15-to-2016-01-15
#15
Jingnan Guo, Cary Zeitlin, Robert Wimmer-Schweingruber, Donald M Hassler, Jan Köhler, Bent Ehresmann, Stephan Böttcher, Eckart Böhm, David E Brinza
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD), onboard the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover Curiosity, has been measuring the energetic charged and neutral particles and the radiation dose rate on the surface of Mars since the landing of the rover in August 2012. In contrast to charged particles, neutral particles (neutrons and γ-rays) are measured indirectly: the energy deposition spectra produced by neutral particles are complex convolutions of the incident particle spectra with the detector response functions...
August 2017: Life Sciences in Space Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886681/molecular-evolution-of-antifungal-drug-resistance
#16
Nicole Robbins, Tavia Caplan, Leah E Cowen
The fungal pathogens Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, and Aspergillus fumigatus have transitioned from a rare curiosity to a leading cause of human mortality. The management of infections caused by these organisms is intimately dependent on the efficacy of antifungal agents; however, fungi that are resistant to these treatments are regularly isolated in the clinic, impeding our ability to control infections. Given the significant impact fungal pathogens have on human health, it is imperative to understand the molecular mechanisms that govern antifungal drug resistance...
September 8, 2017: Annual Review of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882391/-evaluation-of-surgical-simulation-sessions-of-the-french-society-of-ophthalmology-a-new-surgical-instruction-method
#17
H El Chehab, E Agard, C Dot
INTRODUCTION: Since 2013, at the French society of ophthalmology (FSO) meetings, two simulators for intraocular surgeries have been available. The goal of this study was to assess the satisfaction of the participants in these organized training sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to participants in the FSO sessions as well as those carried out during the annual congress. This questionnaire collected data on the participants and the practical modalities of the sessions, and assessed participants' feelings and satisfaction with these sessions...
September 4, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869086/bacterial-tubulins-a-eukaryotic-like-microtubule-cytoskeleton
#18
Sylvain Trépout, Anne Marie Wehenkel
Ever since their discovery, bacterial tubulins, found in several Prosthecobacter species, have raised curiosity as they are closely related to eukaryotic tubulin. Deng and colleagues now present new evidence for the functional homology of the two cytoskeletal systems where in vitro reconstituted Btub-microtubules display eukaryote-like biochemical and dynamic properties.
August 28, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864280/commentary-cultural-factors-in-first-episode-psychosis-treatment-engagement
#19
Emily Kline, Latoya Thomas
Specialized First Episode Psychosis (FEP) services have been conceptualized in part around the issue of engagement. Creating treatment that is easier to access, with more frequent contacts, assertive outreach to clients between appointments, and an explicit youth-oriented culture could make services more attractive to those most in need of care. However, engagement has remained a mostly fuzzy, peripheral construct rather than the object of study in itself. As we recognize the importance of treatment engagement, we must prepare to address it more rigorously within psychosis and schizophrenia research...
August 29, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859344/viruses-in-the-21st-century-from-the-curiosity-driven-discovery-of-giant-viruses-to-new-concepts-and-definition-of-life
#20
Patrick Forterre
The curiosity-driven discovery of giant DNA viruses infecting amoebas has triggered an intense debate about the origin, nature, and definition of viruses. This discovery was delayed by the current paradigm confusing viruses with small virions. Several new definitions and concepts have been proposed either to reconcile the unique features of giant viruses with previous paradigms or to propose a completely new vision of the living world. I briefly review here how several other lines of research in virology converged during the last 2 decades with the discovery of giant viruses to change our traditional perception of the viral world...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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