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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725218/all-new-faces-of-diatoms-potential-source-of-nanomaterials-and-beyond
#1
REVIEW
Meerambika Mishra, Ananta P Arukha, Tufail Bashir, Dhananjay Yadav, G B K S Prasad
Nature's silicon marvel, the diatoms have lately astounded the scientific community with its intricate designs and lasting durability. Diatoms are a major group of phytoplanktons involved in the biogeochemical cycling of silica and are virtually inherent in every environment ranging from water to ice to soil. The usage of diatoms has proved prudently cost effective and its handling neither requires costly materials nor sophisticated instruments. Diatoms can easily be acquired from the environment, their culture requires ambient condition and does not involve any costly media or expensive instruments, besides, they can be transported in small quantities and proliferated to a desirable confluence from that scratch, thus are excellent cost effective industrial raw material...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720629/a-group-visit-initiative-improves-advance-care-planning-documentation-among-older-adults-in-primary-care
#2
Hillary D Lum, Rebecca L Sudore, Daniel D Matlock, Elizabeth Juarez-Colunga, Jacqueline Jones, Molly Nowels, Robert S Schwartz, Jean S Kutner, Cari R Levy
INTRODUCTION: Group visits for advance care planning (ACP) may help patients document preferences for decision makers and future care. We assessed the impact of a primary care-based ACP group visit (ACP-GV) intervention on older adults' ACP documentation and why patients participated. METHODS: Older adults (>65 years) in primary care participated in a 2-session ACP-GV intervention that promotes group dynamics, peer-based learning, and goal setting. Charts were reviewed at baseline, 3 months, and 12 months for documentation of decision makers and ACP forms...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719176/investigation-on-the-electrocatalytic-determination-and-photocatalytic-degradation-of-neurotoxicity-drug-clioquinol-by-sn-moo4-2-nanoplates
#3
Raj Karthik, Jeyaraj Vinoth Kumar, Shen-Ming Chen, Kumar Seerangan, Chelladurai Karuppiah, Tse Wei Chen, Velluchamy Muthuraj
Transition metal molybdates have concerned enormous curiosity as supercapacitors, photocatalysts and electrocatalysts. These materials are best alternative to noble metal based catalysts which are generally show a limited photocatalytic and electrocatalytic activity. As well, the anti-protozoal drug can usually pollute the environment through improper disposable/incomplete metabolism and it is very dangerous to the human as well as aquatic animals. Therefore, here, we have studied the electrochemical determination and photodegradation of neurotoxicity clioquinol (CQL) drug by nanoplates-like tin molybdate (Sn(MoO4)2; denoted as SnM), which is played as both electro and photocatalyst...
July 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700584/the-selfish-germ
#4
Andrew F Read
Curiosity about the sex life of a wasp led to a new way of thinking and a powerful demonstration that evolutionary science could be predictive. That same approach could help find ways to slow or prevent treatment failures in cancer and infectious diseases.
July 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700188/-limit-landscapes-in-the-era-of-technicality
#5
REVIEW
Fabio Cembrani
In the era of technicality, man seems to have lost the sense and true dimension of the limit: it has thus become something to be annihilated and a point that needs to move further and further not only for human curiosity but also because of profit economic development that governs globalized progress. In this scenario, the Author reflects on the most authentic sense of the limit and tries to defend it because our gender identity is bound to be limited.
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691065/porous-molecular-solids-and-liquids
#6
REVIEW
Andrew I Cooper
Until recently, porous molecular solids were isolated curiosities with properties that were eclipsed by porous frameworks, such as metal-organic frameworks. Now molecules have emerged as a functional materials platform that can have high levels of porosity, good chemical stability, and, uniquely, solution processability. The lack of intermolecular bonding in these materials has also led to new, counterintuitive states of matter, such as porous liquids. Our ability to design these materials has improved significantly due to advances in computational prediction methods...
June 28, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685550/a-comprehensive-evaluation-of-application-of-light-cured-colored-compomer-for-deciduous-teeth
#7
L J Yan, P Chang, R H Tian
Twinky Star colored compomer produced by VOCO GmbH is a new type of filling material designed with seven different colors. Previous studies have shown that using the colored filling material can induce children’s curiosity and increase the acceptance for dental treatment. However, few studies have been conducted to evaluate it. Hence, the present study was designed to assess the mechanical and adhesive properties of this new compomer, examine its biological safety, and evaluate the effects of its clinical application on children’s adherence to dental treatment and the subsequent therapeutic outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683147/choosing-the-negative-a-behavioral-demonstration-of-morbid-curiosity
#8
Suzanne Oosterwijk
This paper examined, with a behavioral paradigm, to what extent people choose to view stimuli that portray death, violence or harm. Based on briefly presented visual cues, participants made choices between highly arousing, negative images and positive or negative alternatives. The negative images displayed social scenes that involved death, violence or harm (e.g., war scene), or decontextualized, close-ups of physical harm (e.g., mutilated face) or natural threat (e.g., attacking shark). The results demonstrated that social negative images were chosen significantly more often than other negative categories...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680783/johann-gaspar-spurzheim-a-life-dedicated-to-phrenology
#9
REVIEW
Mohammad Bilal, Bryan Edwards, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Loved for his empathetic nature but admired for his analytical mind, Gaspar Spurzheim (1776-1832) was a prominent contributor to phrenology, a field of neuroscience focused on studying the shapes of the skulls in relation to the activity levels of certain functional areas of the brain. This curiosity about the connection between physical characteristics and brain function was seeded in the young mind of Spurzheim when he observed that classmates with seemingly superb memories also appeared to have bright eyes...
May 30, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678900/clinical-care-of-nursing-reasoned-in-parse-contribution-in-the-transcendence-process-of-cardiac-transplantation
#10
Lia Bezerra Furtado Barros, Lúcia de Fátima da Silva, Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes, Vera Lúcia Mendes de Paula Pessoa
Objetivo: To identify how the clinical and educational nursing care based on the Theory of Human Becoming can contribute to the transcendence process of heart transplant patients in pursuit of good living. Method: Research-intervention developed with four heart transplant patients linked to a reference transplant hospital in Ceara. Data was collected through interviews in 2014 and analyzed using Parse's theoretical framework and pertinent literature. Resultados: Transplant patients revealed they gave living in such condition an ambiguous meaning, showing satisfaction and dissatisfaction...
June 29, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660853/fluorescence-lifetime-based-bioassays
#11
Franz-Josef Meyer-Almes
Fluorescence lifetime (FLT) is a robust intrinsic property and material constant of fluorescent matter. Measuring this important physical indicator has evolved from a laboratory curiosity to a powerful and established technique for a variety of applications in drug discovery, medical diagnostics and basic biological research. This distinct trend was mainly driven by improved and meanwhile affordable laser and detection instrumentation on the one hand and the development of suitable FLT probes and biological assays on the other...
June 29, 2017: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654474/excellence-in-promoting-participation-striving-for-the-10-cs-client-centered-care-consideration-of-complexity-collaboration-coaching-capacity-building-contextualization-creativity-community-curricular-changes-and-curiosity
#12
Lisa A Chiarello
Participation of children with physical disabilities is critical to optimizing their life roles and lived experiences. This perspective explores the complex and multidimensional construct of participation and presents recommendations for practice, education, and research to transform pediatric physical therapy service delivery. Two models are reviewed of participation-based service delivery grounded in client-centered care and the principles of coaching to engage clients in their rehabilitation. The roles and responsibilities of the physical therapist and the importance of team collaboration are emphasized...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652490/an-introduction-to-ghost-imaging-quantum-and-classical
#13
REVIEW
Miles J Padgett, Robert W Boyd
Ghost imaging has been a subject of interest to the quantum optics community for the past 20 years. Initially seen as manifestation of quantum spookiness, it is now recognized as being implementable in both single- and many-photon number regimes. Beyond its scientific curiosity, it is now feeding novel imaging modalities potentially offering performance attributes that traditional approaches cannot match.This article is part of the themed issue 'Quantum technology for the 21st century'.
August 6, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641938/administration-of-a-leptin-antagonist-during-the-neonatal-leptin-surge-induces-alterations-in-the-redox-and-inflammatory-state-in-peripubertal-adolescent-rats
#14
Virginia Mela, Oskarina Hernandez, Caroline Hunsche, Francisca Diaz, Julie A Chowen, Mónica De la Fuente
The importance of the neonatal leptin surge in rodents in neurodevelopmental processes has aroused curiosity in its implication in other physiological systems. Given the role of leptin in neuro-immune interactions, we hypothesized that the neonatal leptin surge could have an effect on the oxidative and inflammatory stress situations of both systems. We blocked the neonatal leptin surge by a leptin antagonist and measured several parameters of oxidative and inflammatory stress in the spleen, hypothalamus and adipose tissue of peripubertal/adolescent rats...
June 19, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639132/identifying-the-neural-substrates-of-intrinsic-motivation-during-task-performance
#15
Woogul Lee, Johnmarshall Reeve
Intrinsic motivation is the inherent tendency to seek out novelty and challenge, to explore and investigate, and to stretch and extend one's capacities. When people imagine performing intrinsically motivating tasks, they show heightened anterior insular cortex (AIC) activity. To fully explain the neural system of intrinsic motivation, however, requires assessing neural activity while people actually perform intrinsically motivating tasks (i.e., while answering curiosity-inducing questions or solving competence-enabling anagrams)...
June 21, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637487/the-nf1-somatic-mutational-landscape-in-sporadic-human-cancers
#16
REVIEW
Charlotte Philpott, Hannah Tovell, Ian M Frayling, David N Cooper, Meena Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) #162200) is an autosomal dominantly inherited tumour predisposition syndrome. Heritable constitutional mutations in the NF1 gene result in dysregulation of the RAS/MAPK pathway and are causative of NF1. The major known function of the NF1 gene product neurofibromin is to downregulate RAS. NF1 exhibits variable clinical expression and is characterized by benign cutaneous lesions including neurofibromas and café-au-lait macules, as well as a predisposition to various types of malignancy, such as breast cancer and leukaemia...
June 21, 2017: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626151/changes-in-social-interaction-over-20-years-and-the-effects-of-community-resources-use-among-community-dwelling-elderly-persons
#17
Kumi Watanabe, Emiko Tanaka, Bailiang Wu, Zyunko Kobayashi, Yukiko Mochizuki, Yeon Kim, Taeko Watanabe, Rika Okumura, Sumio Ito, Tokie Anme
Objectives Recently, social isolation has been reported to be a critical problem among Japanese elderly persons. However, few studies have compared social interaction in the past and the present or investigated its predictive factors. This study aimed to clarify the transitional changes in social interaction over 20 years and explore the factors related to social interaction focusing on the use of community resources.Methods The participants were community-dwelling elderly persons aged 65 years and over...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618002/novel-psychoactive-substance-use-among-treatment-seeking-opiate-users-the-role-of-life-events-and-psychiatric-symptoms
#18
Máté Kapitány-Fövény, Judit Farkas, Patrícia Andrea Pataki, Anna Kiss, Janka Horváth, Róbert Urbán, Zsolt Demetrovics
OBJECTIVE: Over the past 5 years, a shift to the use of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) has been observed among opioid users. The aim of this study was to assess the potential reasons for NPS use among treatment-seeking patients receiving opiate substitution therapy. METHOD: A structured questionnaire was filled out by a sample of 198 opiate dependent patients of Hungary's National Institute of Psychiatry and Addiction. This questionnaire assessed demographics, treatment characteristics, lifetime substance use, potential reasons for NPS use, negative life events (Life Events Scale), and psychiatric symptoms (Brief Symptom Inventory)...
May 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601719/suicidality-psychopathology-and-the-internet-online-time-vs-online-behaviors
#19
Keith M Harris, Vladan Starcevic, Jing Ma, Wei Zhang, Elias Aboujaoude
This study investigated whether several psychopathology variables, including suicidality, could predict the time people spend using the internet (hours online). Next, we examined a specific at-risk population (suicidal individuals) by their online behaviors, comparing suicidal individuals who went online for suicide-related purposes with suicidal individuals who did not go online for suicide-related purposes. An anonymous online sample of 713 (aged 18-71) reported hours online, psychiatric histories, and completed several standardized scales...
June 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592505/genome-diversity-and-evolution-in-the-budding-yeasts-saccharomycotina
#20
REVIEW
Bernard A Dujon, Edward J Louis
Considerable progress in our understanding of yeast genomes and their evolution has been made over the last decade with the sequencing, analysis, and comparisons of numerous species, strains, or isolates of diverse origins. The role played by yeasts in natural environments as well as in artificial manufactures, combined with the importance of some species as model experimental systems sustained this effort. At the same time, their enormous evolutionary diversity (there are yeast species in every subphylum of Dikarya) sparked curiosity but necessitated further efforts to obtain appropriate reference genomes...
June 2017: Genetics
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