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Sophie Mavrogeni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
A Illés, B Nemes, L Zsom, S Kovács, A Bugán
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was the exploration of chronic renal insufficiency patients' attitudes toward treatment, various motifs underlying their acceptance or refusal of kidney therapy, and understanding of their psychologic content. Examinations were carried out of chronic renal insufficiency patients' attitudes toward renal treatments, and a questionnaire suitable for its assessment was developed. METHODS: Suppositions of patients before and after renal transplantation were explored by means of semistructured interviews...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Ann C Palmenberg
Science is our best current approximation of the way things work. You cannot do science unless you believe there is a discernable truth inherent to the arrangement of our tangible world. The problem is, we in our given time never know where exactly the asymptote lies or how far we are from it. My curiosity about the natural world is innate, but fate has variously gifted me with outstanding personal opportunities to indulge that curiosity through the study of viruses. To a woman of the boomer generation, professional paths were not always open-door, and to a certain extent they still aren't...
September 29, 2016: Annual Review of Virology
Sunirmal Chowdhury, Dilip Kumar Pal
There are many case reports of unusual foreign bodies found in the urinary bladder. Most of these are self-inserted. Mostly these foreign bodies were inserted as a result of sexual curiosity or sexual perversion but there may be other reasons like psychiatric problems. The treatment is individualized and determined by the size, location, shape, nature and mobility of the foreign body. Here we report a peculiar case of a headset in urinary bladder.
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Sora Choi, Taeho Kim, Hoyeon Ji, Hee Jung Lee, Moonhyun Oh
The growth of one metal-organic framework (MOF) on another MOF for constructing a hetero-compositional hybrid MOF is an interesting research topic because of the curiosity regarding the occurrence of this phenomenon and the value of hybrid MOFs as multi-functional materials or routes for fine-tuning MOF properties. In particular, the anisotropic growth of MOF on MOF is very fascinating for the development of MOFs possessing atypical shapes and heterostructures or abnormal properties. Herein, we clarify the understanding of growth behavior of a secondary MOF on an initial MOF template, such as isotropic or anisotropic ways associated with their cell parameters...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Kumi Watanabe, Emiko Tanaka, Taeko Watanabe, Wencan Chen, Bailiang Wu, Sumio Ito, Rika Okumura, Tokie Anme
AIM: Previous studies have shown that social relationships positively contribute to the functioning of older adults. However, the particular aspects of social relationships that are most predictive remain unknown. Consequently, the current study aimed to clarify what elements of social relationships impacted the maintenance of functioning among older adults. METHODS: The present study used baseline data collected in 2011, and follow-up surveys were carried out 3 years later...
October 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Zvi Liza, Elaad Eitan
The contribution of the Big-Five personality dimensions and locus of control to examinees' physiological responses in the Concealed Information polygraph Test (CIT) was examined for the first time. One hundred and twenty undergraduate students who completed Big Five personality and locus of control questionnaires were instructed to commit a mock theft. They were subsequently tested in the Guilty Actions polygraph Test, a modified version of the CIT. Each of the six sets of items (questions) was repeated twice...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Ankush Kawali, Ringhoo Theresa Jose, Aishwarya, Mathew Kurian, Kushal Kacha, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Rohit Shetty
BACKGROUND: Psycho-immunology is an emerging branch of science which studies the interaction between the brain and the immune system. The purpose of this study is to identify the types of personality factors in patients with non-infectious uveitis and to find its association with a particular uveitic entity if any. This is a prospective, observational, case-control study of 186 patients with non-infectious uveitis (group A) and controls from general ophthalmology outpatient department (group B)...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Sebastian Bauhoff, Adrian Montero, Deborah Scharf
BACKGROUND: Given plans to extend its regulatory authority to e-cigarettes, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) urgently needs to understand how e-cigarettes are perceived by the public. OBJECTIVES: To examine how smoking status impacts adult perceptions and expectations of e-cigarettes. METHODS: We used Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a "crowdsourcing" platform, to rapidly survey a large (n = 796; female = 381; male = 415), diverse sample of adult ever (44%) and never smokers (56%), including ever (28%) and never (72%) users of e-cigarettes...
August 11, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Ellen R DeVoe, Ruth Paris, Ben Emmert-Aronson, Abigail Ross, Michelle Acker
Objective: Parenting through the deployment cycle presents unique stressors for military families. To date, few evidence-based and military-specific parenting programs are available to support parenting through cycles of deployment separation and reintegration, especially for National Guard/Reserve members. The purpose of this research was to test the efficacy of a parenting program developed specifically to support military families during reintegration. Method: Within 1 year of returning from deployment to Afghanistan or Iraq, 115 service members with very young children were randomly assigned to receive either the Strong Families Strong Forces Parenting Program at baseline or after a 12-week waiting period...
October 6, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Damian M Bailey
Video slideshow introduction to the symposium by symposium organiser Damian M. Bailey can be found here.
September 1, 2016: Experimental Physiology
Linda Sandström, Carina Nilsson, Päivi Juuso, Åsa Engström
INTRODUCTION: When emergency medical services (EMS) are needed, the choice of transport depends on several factors. These may include the patient's medical condition, transport accessibility to the accident site and the receiving hospital's resources. Emergency care research is advancing, but little is known about the patient's perspective of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). AIM: The aim of this study was to describe trauma patients' experiences of HEMS...
September 30, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
Naomi Koerner, Teresa Mejia, Andrea Kusec
A number of studies have examined the association of intolerance of uncertainty (IU) to trait worry and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). However, few studies have examined the extent of overlap between IU and other psychological constructs that bear conceptual resemblance to IU, despite the fact that IU-type constructs have been discussed and examined extensively within psychology and other disciplines. The present study investigated (1) the associations of IU, trait worry, and GAD status to a negative risk orientation, trait curiosity, indecisiveness, perceived constraints, self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism, intolerance of ambiguity, the need for predictability, and the need for order and structure and (2) whether IU is a unique correlate of trait worry and of the presence versus absence of Probable GAD, when overlap with other uncertainty-relevant constructs is accounted for...
August 10, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Lisham Ashrafioun, Francis A Bonadio, Kyoung Deok Baik, Stacey L Bradbury, Victoria L Carhart, Nicole A Cross, Alan K Davis, Margaret Feuille, Anna R Harper, Jennifer H Lackey, Brent Lang, Kirstin J Lauritsen, Jaclyn Leith, Lawrence A Osborn, Harold Rosenberg, Jacob Stock, Mariya Zaturenskaya
Given the variety and potential toxicity of synthetic cathinones, clinicians and educators would benefit from information about patterns of and motivations for use, frequency of psychosocial consequences, and experience of acute subjective effects. We administered a comprehensive, web-based survey to 104 recreational users of synthetic cathinones. Sixty percent of respondents consumed synthetic cathinones once or more per month, usually snorting or swallowing these drugs, typically at home, usually with others, customarily during the evening and nighttime hours, and often in combination with another drug such as alcohol or marijuana...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Daniel Esau
When first described in 1958, Burkitt lymphoma was considered by many to be an African curiosity. However, over the next few decades, over 10,000 publications on Burkitt lymphoma would influence many facets of oncology research including immunology, molecular genetics, chemotherapy, and viral oncology. At the time of discovery, its distribution in equatorial Africa was unique; it was where a child was born and lived, and not what race they were, that conveyed the greatest incidence risk. Its association with Epstein-Barr virus brought attention to the possibility that oncogenesis may be influenced by viruses...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Martino Ruggieri, Andrea D Praticò, Agostino Serra, Luigi Maiolino, Salvatore Cocuzza, Rosario Caltabiano, Agata Polizzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
O Hayden Griffin, Jace A Daniels, Elizabeth A Gardner
Although some novel psychoactive substances (NPS) are newly discovered chemicals, others are traditional or indigenous substances that are introduced to new markets. One of these latter substances is a plant many people refer to as kratom. Indigenous to Southeast Asia and used for a variety of instrumental and recreational purposes, kratom has recently become available to Western drug users. Kratom is somewhat unique in that the plant contains two different psychoactive chemicals, which have both stimulant (mitragynine) and narcotic (7-hydroxymitragynine) properties...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
David R Mitchell
Anton van Leeuwenhoek's startling microscopic observations in the 1600s first stimulated fascination with the way that cells use cilia to generate currents and to swim in a fluid environment. Research in recent decades has yielded deep knowledge about the mechanical and biochemical nature of these organelles but only opened a greater fascination about how such beautifully intricate and multifunctional structures arose during evolution. Answers to this evolutionary puzzle are not only sought to satisfy basic curiosity, but also, as stated so eloquently by Dobzhansky (Am Zool 4: 443 [1964]), because "nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution...
September 23, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
Bent Ehresmann, Donald M Hassler, Cary Zeitlin, Jingnan Guo, Jan Köhler, Robert F Wimmer-Schweingruber, Jan K Appel, David E Brinza, Scot C R Rafkin, Stephan I Böttcher, Sönke Burmeister, Henning Lohf, Cesar Martin, Eckart Böhm, Daniel Matthiä, Günther Reitz
The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) started its 253-day cruise to Mars on November 26, 2011. During cruise the Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD), situated on board the Curiosity rover, conducted measurements of the energetic-particle radiation environment inside the spacecraft. This environment consists mainly of galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), as well as secondary particles created by interactions of these GCRs with the spacecraft. The RAD measurements can serve as a proxy for the radiation environment a human crew would encounter during a transit to Mars, for a given part of the solar cycle, assuming that a crewed vehicle would have comparable shielding...
August 2016: Life Sciences in Space Research
Danuta Piniewska, Marek Sanak, Marta Wojtas, Nina Polanska
Advances in forensic identification using molecular genetics are helpful in resolving some historical mysteries. The aim of this study was to confirm the authenticity of shrunken-head artifacts exhibited by two Polish museums. Shrunken heads, known as tsantsas, were headhunting trophies of South American Indians (Jivaroan). A special preparation preserved their hair and facial appearance. However, it was quite common to offer counterfeit shrunken heads of sloths or monkeys to collectors of curiosities. We sampled small skin specimens of four shrunken-head skin from the museum collection from Warsaw and Krakow, Poland...
September 18, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
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