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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414965/response-to-a-mindful-self-compassion-intervention-in-teens-a-within-person-association-of-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-emotional-well-being-outcomes
#1
Karen Bluth, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul
As adolescence can be a stressful developmental stage, the purpose of this study was to determine if a novel mindful self-compassion program would decrease stress, depressive symptoms, and anxiety and increase resilience, gratitude, and curiosity/exploration (positive risk-taking), and to ascertain if mindfulness and self-compassion co-varied with these outcomes over time. Forty-seven adolescents in the southeast U.S. enrolled in an 8-week mindful self-compassion course in five cohorts. Measures were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 6-week follow-up...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400995/whatsapp-for-teaching-pathology-postgraduates-a-pilot-study
#2
Aditi Goyal, Nadeem Tanveer, Pooja Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate students spend a sizeable proportion of their time on social media platforms such as WhatsApp and Facebook. This change in our social interaction needs to be accommodated in our teaching methods. To engage them and arouse their curiosity, WhatsApp is an ideal platform. Digital photography by cell phone cameras has made it possible to share cases and discuss them with students round the clock. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to develop sharing and discussion of images using WhatsApp...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398089/post-mortem-in-the-victorian-asylum-practice-purpose-and-findings-at-the-littlemore-county-lunatic-asylum-1886-7
#3
Lynsey T Cullen
This article examines the purpose of the post-mortem in the late Victorian asylum and discusses what the findings reveal about contemporary understanding of mental health. By examining the practice at the Littlemore Asylum of Oxford, the definition of the asylum post-mortem will be questioned and issues of consent and ownership of the dead body explored. It will be argued that the purpose of the examination was partly to appease the demands of the Commissioners in Lunacy, to protect the asylum against accusations of malpractice, and to appease the resident assistant medical officer's own morbid curiosity...
April 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396620/correlates-of-e-cigarette-ad-awareness-and-likeability-in-u-s-young-adults
#4
Jessica M Rath, Lyubov Teplitskaya, Valerie F Williams, Jennifer L Pearson, Donna M Vallone, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: Awareness and use of electronic cigarettes has rapidly increased among U.S. adults. The aim of this study was to examine awareness and likeability of e-cigarette print advertisements in a national sample of young adults and to examine ad likeability as a correlate of intended e-cigarette use among never e-cigarette users. METHODS: Participants (n = 2110, unweighted) of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort (January 2013) were randomized to see four print ads (blu, Fin, NJOY, and White Cloud)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393728/behaviours-and-opinions-of-adolescent-students-on-smoking
#5
Özlem Saniye İçmeli, Hatice Türker, Baran Gündoğuş, Merve Çiftci, Ülkü Aka Aktürk
Introduction: Smoking is one of the major causes of preventable diseases, disability and death in the globe and Turkey. In our study, the knowledge of students about smoking addiction and which organ in the body is damaged due to smoking are aimed to be determined. Materials and Methods: Surveys were applied to students of private university preparatory training center on the Anatolian side of Istanbul. In the conducted survey, the questions related with students' demographic characteristics, themselves, their families and friends smoking addiction, the reasons to start smoking, whether they want to quit smoking, whether they try to quit smoking and which of the organs that they know smoking is harmful were asked...
September 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393082/electronic-cigarette-use-among-current-smokers-a-pilot-qualitative-study
#6
Ban A Majeed, Cassandra A Stanton, Shanta R Dube, Kymberle L Sterling, Joy D Burns, Michael P Eriksen
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study explored psychosocial influences of e-cigarette use among dual users. METHODS: Two focus groups among adult current smokers who had ever used e-cigarettes were conducted in Georgia. Discussions were audio-recorded. Principles of grounded theory and thematic analysis were employed. RESULTS: Reasons for initial use included curiosity and social influence. Themes related to regular use included enjoyment of sensory experiences and perception of reduced harm...
November 2016: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392765/the-emerging-neuroscience-of-intrinsic-motivation-a-new-frontier-in-self-determination-research
#7
REVIEW
Stefano I Di Domenico, Richard M Ryan
Intrinsic motivation refers to people's spontaneous tendencies to be curious and interested, to seek out challenges and to exercise and develop their skills and knowledge, even in the absence of operationally separable rewards. Over the past four decades, experimental and field research guided by self-determination theory (SDT; Ryan and Deci, 2017) has found intrinsic motivation to predict enhanced learning, performance, creativity, optimal development and psychological wellness. Only recently, however, have studies begun to examine the neurobiological substrates of intrinsic motivation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387789/evolution-of-wood-anatomical-characters-in-nepenthes-and-close-relatives-of-caryophyllales
#8
Rachel Schwallier, Barbara Gravendeel, Hugo de Boer, Stephan Nylinder, Bertie Joan van Heuven, Anton Sieder, Sukaibin Sumail, Rogier van Vugt, Frederic Lens
Background and Aims: Nepenthes attracts wide attention with its spectacularly shaped carnivorous pitchers, cultural value and horticultural curiosity. Despite the plant's iconic fascination, surprisingly little anatomical detail is known about the genus beyond its modified leaf tip traps. Here, the wood anatomical diversity of Nepenthes is explored. This diversity is further assessed with a phylogenetic framework to investigate whether the wood characters within the genus are relevant from an evolutionary or ecological perspective, or rather depend on differences in developmental stages, growth habits, substrates or precipitation...
April 6, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385764/improving-lives-through-agriculture
#9
Holly Hufnagel
Curiosity and luck led Holly Hufnagel to work in the development sector, where she supports international and multicultural teams.
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385307/imaging-vulnerable-plaque-a-medical-necessity-or-a-scientific-curiosity
#10
EDITORIAL
H William Strauss, Jagat Narula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379089/describing-medical-student-curiosity-across-a-four-year-curriculum-an-exploratory-study
#11
Robert Sternszus, Alenoush Saroyan, Yvonne Steinert
BACKGROUND: Intellectual curiosity can be defined as a desire for knowledge that leads to exploratory behavior and consists of an inherent and stable trait (i.e. trait curiosity) and a variable context-dependent state (i.e. state curiosity). Although intellectual curiosity has been considered an important aspect of medical education and practice, its relationship to medical education has not been empirically investigated. The purpose of this exploratory study was to describe medical students' intellectual curiosity across a four-year undergraduate program...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376266/learning-from-latino-voices-focus-groups-insights-on-participation-in-genetic-research
#12
Priscilla Martinez, Cory Cummings, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Karen G Chartier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of genetics research examining alcohol use among Latinos. The purpose of this study is to examine Latino perceptions of participation in alcohol studies that collect biological samples, an important precursor to increasing their participation in genetics research. METHODS: A synthesis of the literature addressing participation of racial/ethnic minorities in alcohol genetics research was undertaken. We developed a framework of themes related to barriers and facilitators for participation, which we then used to analyze two focus groups held with 18 Latino participants...
April 4, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366155/-behaviours-and-opinions-of-adolescent-students-on-smoking
#13
Özlem Saniye İçmeli, Hatice Türker, Baran Gündoğuş, Merve Çiftci, Ülkü Aka Aktürk
Introduction: Smoking is one of the major causes of preventable diseases, disability and death in the globe and Turkey. In our study, the knowledge of students about smoking addiction and which organ in the body is damaged due to smoking are aimed to be determined. Materials and Methods: Surveys were applied to students of private university preparatory training center on the Anatolian side of Istanbul. In the conducted survey, the questions related with students' demographic characteristics, themselves, their families and friends smoking addiction, the reasons to start smoking, whether they want to quit smoking, whether they try to quit smoking and which of the organs that they know smoking is harmful were asked...
September 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362230/destigmatization-by-association-improving-children-s-reactions-to-an-obese-storybook-character
#14
Taylor W Wadian, Mark A Barnett, Tammy L Sonnentag
Second- through fourth-grade students were read a storybook that described a typical boy who interacted with an obese boy for one of four reasons (sympathy, curiosity, teacher instructed, or no reason) to explore the manner in which a typical storybook character's reason for associating with an obese storybook character influences children's responses to both characters. Results revealed that the children responded more favorably to the obese storybook character after than before learning about the typical storybook character's association with him, especially when the typical storybook character's reason for association was presented as internally motivated (sympathy or curiosity)...
April 2017: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361199/the-tamojunto-drug-prevention-program-in-brazilian-schools-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Zila M Sanchez, Juliana Y Valente, Adriana Sanudo, Ana Paula D Pereira, Joselaine I Cruz, Daniela Schneider, Solange Andreoni
A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2014 with 7th and 8th grade students from 72 public schools in 6 Brazilian cities. This trial aimed to evaluate the effects of an adapted European school-based drug prevention program Unplugged, called #Tamojunto in Brazil, which was implemented by the Ministry of Health as part of public policy. The experimental group (n = 3340) attended 12 classes in the #Tamojunto program, and the control group (n = 3318) did not receive a school prevention program. Baseline data were collected prior to program implementation, and follow-up data were collected 9 months later, allowing a matching of 4213 adolescents in both waves...
March 31, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358883/-r%C3%A3-anet-the-internet-utilization-among-surrogates-of-critically-ill-patients-with-sepsis
#16
Yên-Lan Nguyen, Raphaël Porcher, Laurent Argaud, Lise Piquilloud, Christophe Guitton, Fabienne Tamion, Sami Hraiech, Jean-Paul Mira
CONTEXT: Health-related Internet utilization is common but its use by proxies of critically ill patients is unknown. Our objective was to describe the prevalence and the Internet utilization characteristics among surrogates of critically ill septic patients. We conducted a prospective observational study in French ICUs. Three survey instruments were used to describe ICU organization regarding information delivery, patients and surrogates characteristics. RESULTS: 169 surrogates of 146 septic patients hospitalized in 19 ICUs were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347259/metformin-for-antipsychotic-induced-weight-gain-statistical-curiosities
#17
Ekta Franscina Pinto, Biju George, Sagar Karia, Chittaranjan Andrade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346112/a-growing-disconnection-from-nature-is-evident-in-cultural-products
#18
Selin Kesebir, Pelin Kesebir
Human connection with nature is widely believed to be in decline even though empirical evidence is scarce on the magnitude and historical pattern of the change. Studying works of popular culture in English throughout the 20th century and later, we have documented a cultural shift away from nature that begins in the 1950s. Since then, references to nature have been decreasing steadily in fiction books, song lyrics, and film storylines, whereas references to the human-made environment have not. The observed temporal pattern is consistent with the explanatory role of increased virtual and indoors recreation options (e...
March 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344815/occupational-exposure-to-sharps-injury-among-healthcare-providers-in-ethiopia-regional-hospitals
#19
Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Getaneh Baye Mulu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Kefyalew Dagne Gizachew
BACKGROUND: Sharps injury is a penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or another sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. According to World Health Organization pooled estimate, the annual incidence of sharps injury in Africa was ranged from 2.10 to 4.68 per person per year, but research data in Ethiopia is limited. The aim of the study was to investigate sharps injury prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 healthcare providers (HCP) in Northeast Ethiopia...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340885/immunosuppression-for-kidney-transplantation-where-are-we-now-and-where-are-we-going
#20
REVIEW
Mary Ann Lim, Jatinder Kohli, Roy D Bloom
Advances in immunosuppression have propelled kidney transplantation from a scientific curiosity to the optimal treatment for patients with end stage kidney disease. Declining rates of acute rejection have led to improvements in short term kidney transplant survival, culminating in incrementally better long term patient and allograft outcomes. Contextualized around established immune-suppressing drug targets, this review summarizes the history of the clinical science and highlights the pivotal trials that have led to present-day treatment standards at the level of both individual agents and multidrug regimens for kidney recipients...
January 2017: Transplantation Reviews
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