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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354999/-origin-and-thought-on-the-philosophical-ideas-of-acupuncture-in-chinese-medicine
#1
Xiumei Ren
Acupuncture in Chinese medicine has been a treasure in Chinese traditional medicine for thousands of years. It is opposite to many basic theories in modern medicine in dynasties. Different from the cross compatibility and interactions among medical medicines, acupuncture in Chinese medicine has its own consolidation and inherent philosophical ideas. In view of this, how to discuss the philosophical ideas and its development of acupuncture in Chinese medicine becomes of great importance. It is crucial to clearly answer the three theoretical propositions in the development of acupuncture in Chinese medicine...
December 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353784/on-the-ecological-relevance-of-landscape-mapping-and-its-application-in-the-spatial-planning-of-very-large-marine-protected-areas
#2
Oliver T Hogg, Veerle A I Huvenne, Huw J Griffiths, Katrin Linse
In recent years very large marine protected areas (VLMPAs) have become the dominant form of spatial protection in the marine environment. Whilst seen as a holistic and geopolitically achievable approach to conservation, there is currently a mismatch between the size of VLMPAs, and the data available to underpin their establishment and inform on their management. Habitat mapping has increasingly been adopted as a means of addressing paucity in biological data, through use of environmental proxies to estimate species and community distribution...
January 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353691/barriers-to-addressing-perinatal-mental-health-issues-in-midwifery-settings
#3
REVIEW
Hamideh Bayrampour, Ayu Pinky Hapsari, Jelena Pavlovic
BACKGROUND: poor perinatal mental health is linked to various adverse pregnancy and child outcomes. Despite having a holistic philosophy of care, similar to other maternity care settings, perinatal mental health issues often remain under-diagnosed and untreated in midwifery settings. AIM: to determine midwives' perceived barriers to the screening, referral, and management of perinatal mental health issues. DESIGN: integrative review. METHODS: the following databases were searched: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and PsycINFO...
January 9, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353129/keeping-it-together-and-falling-apart-women-s-dynamic-experience-of-birth
#4
Priscilla J Hall, Jennifer Whitman Foster, Kathryn M Yount, Bonnie Mowinski Jennings
OBJECTIVE: To explore the complexity of women's birth experiences in the context in which they occur and to describe how these influence women's well-being in labor. DESIGN: Qualitative method with a phenomenological approach, following the analysis principles of van Manen. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Eight women from different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds in Atlanta, Georgia, United States with a recent, healthy birth were interviewed twice about their experience of the labor journey...
December 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351644/the-role-of-skeletal-muscle-in-the-pathophysiology-and-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Priathashini Krishnasamy, Michelle Hall, Sarah R Robbins
The role of skeletal muscle in the pathophysiology of knee OA is poorly understood. To date, the majority of literature has focused on the association of muscle strength with OA symptoms, disease onset and progression. However, deficits or improvements in skeletal muscle strength do not fully explain the mechanisms behind outcome measures in knee OA, such as pain, function and structural disease. This review aims to summarize components of skeletal muscle, providing a holistic view of skeletal muscle mechanisms that includes muscle function, quality and composition and their interactions...
January 16, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351607/sector-wide-or-disease-specific-implications-of-trends-in-development-assistance-for-health-for-the-sdg-era
#6
Anne L Buffardi
The record of the Millennium Development Goals broadly reflects the trade-offs of disease-specific financing: substantial progress in particular areas, facilitated by time-bound targets that are easy to measure and communicate, which shifted attention and resources away from other areas, masked inequalities and exacerbated fragmentation. In many ways, the Sustainable Development Goals reflect a profound shift towards a more holistic, system-wide approach. To inform responses to this shift, this article builds upon existing work on aggregate trends in donor financing, bringing together what have largely been disparate analyses of sector-wide and disease-specific financing approaches...
January 16, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351177/units-of-distinction-creating-a-blueprint-for-recognition-of-high-performing-medical-surgical-nursing-units
#7
Alvin D Jeffery, Sammie Mosier, Allison Baker, Kimberly Korwek, Cindy Borum, Jane Englebright
BACKGROUND: Hospital medical-surgical (M/S) nursing units are responsible for up to 28 million encounters annually, yet receive little attention from professional organizations and national initiatives targeted to improve quality and performance. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a framework recognizing high-performing units within our large hospital system. METHODS: This was a retrospective data analysis of M/S units throughout a 168-hospital system...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349928/problem-behaviours-and-psychotropic-medication-use-in-intellectual-disability-a-multinational-cross-sectional-survey
#8
B I Perry, H F Kwok, J Mendis, K Purandare, A Wijeratne, S Manjubhashini, M Dasari, F Esan, I Gunaratna, R A Naseem, S Hoare, V Chester, A Roy, J Devapriam, R Alexander, S E Cooray
BACKGROUND: Problem behaviours (PBs) are a common cause for clinician contact in people with disorders of intellectual development and may be a common cause for the prescription of psychotropic medication. We aimed to use a large, multinational sample to define the prevalence of PBs, the associations with psychotropic medication use, and to assess for any potential 'diagnostic overshadowing' by the label of PBs in a population of people with disorders of intellectual development. METHOD: A multinational, multi-setting, cross-sectional service evaluation and baseline audit was completed...
February 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348655/the-headache-of-temporomandibular-disorders
#9
J Virdee
This article endeavours to revise the key guidance and evidence on temporomandibular disorders (TMD), with a particular focus on myofascial pain. It highlights the important role that primary care dental practitioners play in providing holistic care during the patient's journey to manage this painful condition. I hope to give an insight into my own personal experiences to highlight the challenges patients can face in seeking appropriate support.
January 19, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346304/-total-pain-in-children-with-severe-neurological-impairment
#10
REVIEW
Timothy A Warlow, Richard D W Hain
Many children with palliative care needs experience difficulty in managing pain. Perhaps none more so than those with severe neurological impairment. For many years; behaviours in these children were misunderstood. As a result; pain was poorly recognised and inadequately managed. Significant advances have been made in the assessment and management of pain in this challenging group of patients. We summarise these advances; drawing on our own experience working with infants; children and young adults with palliative care needs within a UK tertiary paediatric palliative care service...
January 18, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344454/critical-review-of-family-health-advisory-services-assessment-in-mbbs-training-program-in-community-medicine
#11
Kiran Goswami, H Salve, S Malhotra, Y Kumar
Context: Family Health Advisory Services (FHAS) posting as well as its assessment is resource demanding but fails to enjoy priority. Study focuses on a holistic overview of the assessment process to understand need for change. Aims: The aim of this study is to identify perceived gaps in current assessment practices related to FHAS posting. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional mixed method study among all the V semester students currently undergoing assessment for the posting, past students (selected VII semester students and interns), preceptors (supervising residents - postgraduate students in department and senior resident, health assistants, medical social service officer), and involved faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343955/lysyl-oxidase-activates-cancer-stromal-cells-and-promotes-gastric-cancer-progression-quantum-dot-based-identification-of-biomarkers-in-cancer-stromal-cells
#12
Chunwei Peng, Jiuyang Liu, Guifang Yang, Yan Li
Purpose: Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are a promising alternative to organic fluorescent dyes for multiplexed molecular imaging of cancer stroma, which have great advantages in holistically analyzing the complex interactions among cancer stromal components in situ. Patients and methods: A QD probe-based multiplexed spectral molecular imaging method was established for simultaneous imaging. Three tissue microarrays (TMAs) including 184 gastric cancer (GC) tissues were constructed for the study...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343195/caring-for-a-family-member-or-friend-with-dementia-at-the-end-of-life-a-scoping-review-and-implications-for-palliative-care-practice
#13
Timothy R Broady, Freya Saich, Tom Hinton
BACKGROUND: Although people with dementia receive substantial care from informal sources, there is limited research available that investigates how these carers experience end-of-life care. AIM: This review aimed to identify what is currently known about carers' experiences of providing end-of-life care to a family member or friend with dementia and draw implications for palliative care policy and service provision. DESIGN: A scoping literature review was conducted, first using a targeted key word search, followed by assessments of eligibility based on title and then abstract content...
January 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341449/digging-deeper-a-holistic-perspective-of-factors-affecting-soil-organic-carbon-sequestration-in-agroecosystems
#14
Rattan Lal
The global magnitude (Pg) of soil organic carbon (SOC) is 677 to 0.3-m, 993 to 0.5-m, and 1505 to 1-m depth. Thus, ~55% of SOC to 1-m lies below 0.3-m depth. Soils of agroecosystems are depleted of their SOC stock and have a low use efficiency of inputs of agronomic yield. This review is a collation and synthesis of articles published in peer-reviewed journals. The rates of SOC sequestration are scaled up to the global level by linear extrapolation. Soil C sink capacity depends on depth, clay content and mineralogy, plant available water holding capacity, nutrient reserves, landscape position, and the antecedent SOC stock...
January 17, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341263/dermoscopy-versus-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-lentigo-maligna
#15
E Cinotti, B Labeille, S Debarbieux, C Carrera, F Lacarrubba, A M Witkowski, E Moscarella, E Arzberger, H Kittler, P Bahadoran, S Gonzalez, P Guitera, M Agozzino, F Farnetani, R Hofmann-Wellenhof, M Ardigò, P Rubegni, L Tognetti, J Łudzik, I Zalaudek, G Argenziano, C Longo, S Ribero, J Malvehy, G Pellacani, F Cambazard, J L Perrot
BACKGROUND: Several dermoscopic and in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) diagnostic criteria of lentigo maligna (LM)/lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM) have been identified. However, no study compared the diagnostic accuracy of these techniques. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of dermoscopy and RCM for LM/LMM using a holistic assessment of the images. METHODS: 223 facial lesions were evaluated by 21 experts. Diagnostic accuracy of the clinical, dermoscopic and RCM examination were compared...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341200/human-agency-in-disaster-planning-a-systems-approach
#16
John Hamer Powell, Michael Hammond, Albert Chen, Navonil Mustafee
Current approaches to risk management place insufficient emphasis on the system knowledge available to the assessor, particularly in respect of the dynamic behavior of the system under threat, the role of human agents (HAs), and the knowledge available to those agents. In this article, we address the second of these issues. We are concerned with a class of systems containing HAs playing a variety of roles as significant system elements-as decisionmakers, cognitive agents, or implementers-that is, human activity systems...
January 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341031/getting-more-than-you-paid-for-unauthorized-natural-substances-in-herbal-food-supplements-on-eu-market
#17
Marijana Zovko Končić
As the population in the industrialized world develops preference for what is perceived as a natural and holistic way of disease treatment, the popularity and the number of food supplements on the market, including herbal ones, is experiencing an unprecedented rise. However, unlike herbal medicinal products, intended for treating or preventing disease, current legislation classifies food supplements as products intended for achieving nutritional or physiological effect and to supplement the normal diet. Accordingly, most food supplements are not to be associated with specific health claims...
January 16, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339011/facilitators-and-barriers-to-healthy-pregnancy-spacing-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-findings-from-the-national-strong-start-initiative
#18
Caitlin Cross-Barnet, Brigette Courtot, Ian Hill, Sarah Benatar, Morgan Cheeks, Jenny Markell
BACKGROUND: Closely spaced, unintended pregnancies are common among Medicaid beneficiaries and create avoidable risks for women and infants, including preterm birth. The Strong Start for Mothers and Newborns Initiative, a program of the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation, intended to prevent preterm birth through psychosocially based enhanced prenatal care in maternity care homes, group prenatal care, and birth centers. Comprehensive care offers the opportunity for education and family planning to promote healthy pregnancy spacing...
January 12, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338780/coping-with-dry-eyes-a-qualitative-approach
#19
Sharon Yeo, Louis Tong
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is a common problem that affects many people worldwide, reducing quality of life and impacting daily activities. A qualitative approach often used in medicine and other disciplines is used to evaluate how people with dry eye cope with this impact. METHODS: Six focus group sessions were conducted at the Singapore National Eye Centre (SNEC), premises of an eye research institute. These focus groups consist of a spectrum of dry eye sufferers (30 women, 8 men, aged 61 ± 11...
January 16, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338623/diabetic-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-from-the-perspective-of-turkish-patients-a-qualitative-study
#20
Zehra Gok Metin, Ismail Emre Arslan
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) affects almost 30% to 50% of patients with diabetes, 40% to 60% of whom suffer from diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP). Few studies have focused on individual experiences of DPNP in patients with diabetes. The purpose of this qualitative study was to elucidate the effects of DPNP on daily life and individual feelings regarding living with DPNP from the perspective of Turkish patients. METHOD: A total of 14 patients were interviewed, and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to identify themes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
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