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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343206/-euthanasia-an-attempt-to-organize-issue
#1
Tomasz Kirmes, Mateusz Wilk, Czesław Chowaniec
This article is an attempt to complete and holistically discuss problem of euthanasia, especially its ethical and legal aspects, comparing to Polish law. The subject of euthanasia arouse interest of the society because it touches one of the most important aspects of life, which is the death. Even bigger emotions are aroused amongst physicians. They are forced to put on the line the life as biggest value on the one side and autonomy of human being on the other. It also touches the empathy for suffering. The euthanasia was divided into three forms: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia and assisted suicide...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342624/the-level-of-anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-heart-failure-in-greece
#2
Zoi Aggelopoulou, Nikolaos V Fotos, Anastasia A Chatziefstratiou, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Ioannis Elefsiniotis, Hero Brokalaki
PURPOSE: The assessment of the level of anxiety, depression and quality of life among patients with heart failure. METHODS: It was an observational study. The populations were 231 patients with heart failure who were hospitalized in cardiology departments of 2 general hospitals in Athens, from September 1, 2010 through January 31, 2012. We used the "Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire - MLHFQ" to evaluate patients' quality of life and the " State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - STAI" and the "Maastricht Questionnaire - MQ" to evaluate the level of stress and depression, respectively...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342450/scientific-feuds-polemics-and-ad-hominem-arguments-in-basic-and-special-interest-genetics
#3
Elof Axel Carlson
Scientific disputes are commonly presented and settled in journal publications. Most are resolved by a weighing of evidence and new findings. In some cases the arguments are personal and in the form of ad hominem attacks on the personality or integrity of an author of a journal article. Many famous scientists (e.g., Galileo, Newton, and Hooke) used ad hominem arguments in responding to their critics. William Bateson, W.F.R. Weldon, William Castle, and H.J. Muller used ad hominem arguments in their publications until the end of World War I, when editorial policy of journals changed...
January 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340508/dyspareunia-in-a-survivor-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#4
Jenna A LoGiudice
Dyspareunia is a frequent chief concern encountered by midwives and other women's health care providers. There are many possible etiologies for dyspareunia, including a history of childhood sexual abuse, and approaching assessment in a holistic manner is necessary to identify the etiology. This case report presents evidence on the importance of screening a woman who presents with dyspareunia in a therapeutic manner to facilitate disclosure of sexual abuse. Best practices for screening for sexual violence, along with recommendations for providing gynecologic care to survivors, are offered...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336915/a-novel-method-of-evaluating-knee-joint-stability-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-multiscale-entropy-analysis-with-a-knee-aiming-task
#5
Diange Zhou, Shijie Zhang, Hui Zhang, Long Jiang, Jue Zhang, Jing Fang
Deteriorating knee stability is a local risk factor that reflects the occurrence and aggregative of osteoarthritis (OA). Despite the many biomechanics-based methods for assessing the structural stability of knee joints in clinics, these methods have many limitations. The stability of the knee joint relies on not only biomechanical factors, but also proprioception and the central nervous system. In this study, we attempt to depict the stability of knee joint from a holistic viewpoint, and a novel index of knee joint stability (IKJS) was thus extracted...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336805/what-is-data-ethics
#6
Luciano Floridi, Mariarosaria Taddeo
This theme issue has the founding ambition of landscaping data ethics as a new branch of ethics that studies and evaluates moral problems related to data (including generation, recording, curation, processing, dissemination, sharing and use), algorithms (including artificial intelligence, artificial agents, machine learning and robots) and corresponding practices (including responsible innovation, programming, hacking and professional codes), in order to formulate and support morally good solutions (e.g. right conducts or right values)...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336227/aqueous-calyxes-extract-of-roselle-or-hibiscus-sabdariffa-linn-supplementation-improves-liver-morphology-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#7
Akhtar Husin Nazratun Nafizah, Siti Balkis Budin, Abd Hamid Zaryantey, Abd Rahman Mariati, Raj Louis Santhana, Mohamad Osman, Md Idris Muhd Hanis, Mohamed Jamaludin
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The complex series of deleterious events among diabetes patients leads to multiple organ failure. Therefore, a holistic approach of treatment is urgently required to prevent worsening of complications. The present investigation was carried out to study the possible protective effects of Roselle or Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn (HSL) calyxes aqueous extract, as an antidiabetic and antioxidant agent against oxidative liver injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats...
March 20, 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336003/efficacy-of-a-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-based-indoor-anti-odor-product-as-assessed-by-electronic-nose-and-gaschromatography-mass-spectrometry
#8
Mara Mirasoli, Roberto Gotti, Massimo Di Fusco, Giulia Basaglia, Jessica Fiori, Aldo Roda
Indoor air pollutants and odorants may have psychological and physical impact on exposed individuals and the unpleasant room air is considered as one of the factors associated with sick building syndrome comprising general symptoms such as headache and lethargy. Approaches for improving the quality of indoor air are thus important as support for human health and well-being. Photo-oxidation catalyzed by titanium dioxide (TiO2), is one of the methods used for elimination of volatile organic compounds, which are the cause of odor nuisance in indoor and outdoor air...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334470/yoga-breast-cancer-related-lymphoedema-and-wellbeing-a-descriptive-report-of-women-s-participation-in-a-clinical-trial
#9
Annette Loudon, Tony Barnett, Andrew Williams
AIM: To describe the experiences of women taking part in a yoga intervention trial for breast cancer-related lymphoedema. BACKGROUND: Around 20% of women will experience lymphoedema as a consequence of treatment for breast cancer. Specialist lymphoedema clearing, along with self-management, remains the mainstay of therapy. Yoga, an increasingly popular complementary therapeutic practice, may provide another tool to augment self-management. DESIGN: A qualitative, descriptive design...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334458/strategies-for-healthcare-professionals-to-facilitate-patient-illness-understanding
#10
Håkan Nunstedt, Gudrun Rudolfsson, Pia Alsén, Sandra Pennbrant
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe how healthcare professionals facilitate patient illness understanding. BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals and patients differ in their illness understanding. If the information provided by healthcare professionals is not adapted to the patient's daily life it may be unusable for the patient. Previous research has found that healthcare professionals should individualise the information to enable the patient to apply the knowledge to the personal situation and to develop illness understanding...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334433/dietary-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#11
REVIEW
Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alice E Martin, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane review, last published in 2009 (Huertas-Ceballos 2009). Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP), including children with irritable bowel syndrome, is a common problem affecting between 4% and 25% of school-aged children. For the majority of such children, no organic cause for their pain can be found on physical examination or investigation. Many dietary inventions have been suggested to improve the symptoms of RAP. These may involve either excluding ingredients from the diet or adding supplements such as fibre or probiotics...
March 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331752/body-image-of-women-with-breast-cancer-after-mastectomy-a-qualitative-research
#12
Sema Koçan, Ayla Gürsoy
OBJECTIVE: To gain a holistic and deep understanding about how mastectomy effects the body image of women who have breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of this qualitative descriptive study consisted of twenty patients who underwent mastectomy procedures. Semi-structured interviews were conducted during the second week after mastectomy. Each interview was transcribed verbatim, and a thematic analysis was performed. RESULTS: After the mastectomy, the findings related to the women's body image and their experiences were specified as four main themes and seven sub-themes...
October 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331601/methods-to-identify-the-prey-of-invertebrate-predators-in-terrestrial-field-studies
#13
REVIEW
Klaus Birkhofer, Helena Bylund, Peter Dalin, Olga Ferlian, Vesna Gagic, Peter A Hambäck, Maartje Klapwijk, Laia Mestre, Eve Roubinet, Martin Schroeder, Johan A Stenberg, Mario Porcel, Christer Björkman, Mattias Jonsson
Predation is an interaction during which an organism kills and feeds on another organism. Past and current interest in studying predation in terrestrial habitats has yielded a number of methods to assess invertebrate predation events in terrestrial ecosystems. We provide a decision tree to select appropriate methods for individual studies. For each method, we then present a short introduction, key examples for applications, advantages and disadvantages, and an outlook to future refinements. Video and, to a lesser extent, live observations are recommended in studies that address behavioral aspects of predator-prey interactions or focus on per capita predation rates...
March 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330565/phytohormone-profiling-in-relation-to-osmotic-adjustment-in-nacl-treated-plants-of-the-halophyte-tomato-wild-relative-species-solanum-chilense-comparatively-to-the-cultivated-glycophyte-solanum-lycopersicum
#14
Emna Gharbi, Juan-Pablo Martínez, Hela Benahmed, Imène Hichri, Petre I Dobrev, Václav Motyka, Muriel Quinet, Stanley Lutts
A holistic approach was used to investigate the hormonal profile in relation with osmotic adjustment under salinity in Solanum lycopersicum and its halophyte wild relative Solanum chilense. Plants were subjected to 125mM NaCl for 7days. Solanum chilense displayed a contrasting behaviour comparatively to S. lycopersicum, not only for mineral nutrition, but also regarding the modalities of osmotic adjustment and phytohormonal profiling. The extent of osmotic adjustment was higher in S. chilense than in S. lycopersicum...
May 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330545/-treatment-of-chronic-diseases-in-patients-with-dementia
#15
Hanne Pedersen, Kristian Skikkild Klinkby, Frans Borch Waldorff
Comorbidity is common in patients with dementia, and due to the nature of the dementia disease, patients with dementia have special challenges in relation to comorbidity. This article is about dementia and heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, urinary incontinence, falls, polypharmacy and chronic pain. Ongoing goal setting is important, and advance care planning is recommended. In general, comorbidity must be carefully and holistic assessed and managed according to each patient's general status of health and stage of dementia...
March 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330379/patient-self-defined-goals
#16
Sandra Ellen Schellinger, Eric Worden Anderson, Monica Schmitz Frazer, Cindy Lynn Cain
This research, a descriptive qualitative analysis of self-defined serious illness goals, expands the knowledge of what goals are important beyond the physical-making existing disease-specific guidelines more holistic. Integration of goals of care discussions and documentation is standard for quality palliative care but not consistently executed into general and specialty practice. Over 14 months, lay health-care workers (care guides) provided monthly supportive visits for 160 patients with advanced heart failure, cancer, and dementia expected to die in 2 to 3 years...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329843/consumer-decision-making-of-older-people-a-45-year-review
#17
Dominik Hettich, Stefan Hattula, Torsten Bornemann
Background and Objectives: Aging is one of the key future challenges for global life. Of particular interest is the consumption-related decision-making of older people, as its better understanding would enable the effective influence of behavior, which would help to secure the economic well-being and ensure a better quality of life for this population. This article explores the respective literature and identifies gaps for future research. Research Design and Methods: We conducted a holistic review of peer-reviewed literature that examined the decision-making of older consumers...
March 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329409/spiritual-aspects-of-living-with-infertility-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#18
REVIEW
Joana Romeiro, Sílvia Caldeira, Vivienne Brady, Fiona Timmins, Jenny Hall
AIM: To identify the spiritual aspects of patients experiencing infertility and seek a deeper and broader meaning of the involuntary childlessness experience. BACKGROUND: Infertility can be the cause for a spiritual crisis among some couples. Those who endure this involuntary childlessness condition frequently experience contradictory feelings and needs. In this context, core aspects of spirituality such as meaning and purpose in life are often questioned. DESIGN: A review and synthesis of qualitative empirical research was undertaken in order to seek a deeper understanding of the spiritual aspects of patients' experiences of infertility...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328169/student-nurses-competence-in-sexual-health-care-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Emma Pascale Blakey, Helen Aveyard
AIM: The aim of this literature review is to explore the way in which sexual health care is perceived and experienced by students in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Student nurses understand the need to learn about sexual health but report a variety of learning needs and experience challenges acquiring skills to deliver such care in part due to varied clinical experience. Furthermore, there is a paucity of data exploring clinical competence of sexual health care among student nurses...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327852/-person-centered-clinical-care-principles-and-strategies
#20
Juan Enrique Mezzich, Alberto Perales
The development of person-centered clinical care is inscribed within an international programmatic movement towards a medicine focused on the totality of the person. This movement, with broad historical bases, has been maturing since 2008 through conferences among global health institutions, research projects and academic publications. This paper is aimed at elucidating the conceptual principles of person-centered medicine (PCM) and to delineate strategies for the practical application of such principles in clinical care services...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
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