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Palliative gastrectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337367/a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-with-para-aortic-lymph-node-metastasis-from-co-occurring-prostate-cancer
#1
Miyeong Park, Sang-Ho Jeong, Young-Joon Lee, Ji-Ho Park, Sang-Kyung Choi, Soon-Chan Hong, Eun-Jung Jung, Young-Tae Ju, Chi-Young Jeong, Jeong-Hee Lee, Woo-Song Ha
An 84-year-old man was diagnosed with two synchronous adenocarcinomas, a Borrmann type IV advanced gastric adenocarcinoma in his antrum and a well-differentiated Borrmann type I carcinoma on the anterior wall of the higher body of his stomach. Pre-operatively, computed tomography of the abdomen revealed the presence of advanced gastric cancer with peri-gastric and para-aortic lymph node (LN) metastasis. He planned for palliative total gastrectomy owing to the risk of obstruction by the antral lesion. We performed a frozen biopsy of a para-aortic LN during surgery and found that the origin of the para-aortic LN metastasis was from undiagnosed prostate cancer...
March 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325188/surgical-considerations-in-the-management-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#2
REVIEW
Eleftherios A Makris, George A Poultsides
Since Theodor Billroth and César Roux perfected the methods of postgastrectomy reconstruction in as early as the late nineteenth century, surgical management of gastric cancer has made incremental progress. The longstanding and contentious debate on the optimal extent of lymph node dissection for gastric cancer seems to have settled in favor of D2 dissection. Pylorus-preserving distal (central) gastrectomy has emerged as a less invasive, function-preserving option for T1N0 middle-third gastric cancers. Frozen section analysis of margins seems partially helpful in this direction...
April 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288593/palliative-gastrectomy-is-beneficial-in-selected-cases-of-metastatic-gastric-cancer
#3
Jun-Te Hsu, Jian-Ann Liao, Huei-Chieh Chuang, Tai-Di Chen, Tsung-Hsing Chen, Chia-Jung Kuo, Chun-Jung Lin, Wen-Chi Chou, Ta-Sen Yeh, Yi-Yin Jan
BACKGROUND: Salvage chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for metastatic gastric cancer (mGC). This study aimed to clarify the effects of palliative gastrectomy (PG) and identify prognostic factors in mGC patients undergoing PG. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 333 mGC patients receiving PG or a non-resection procedure (NR) between 2000 and 2010. Clinicopathological factors affecting the prognosis of these patients were collected prospectively and analyzed...
March 14, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228146/body-mass-index-bmi-may-be-a-prognostic-factor-for-gastric-cancer-with-peritoneal-dissemination
#4
Shi Chen, Run-Cong Nie, Li-Ying OuYang, Yuan-Fang Li, Jun Xiang, Zhi-Wei Zhou, YingBo Chen, JunSheng Peng
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate whether body mass index (BMI) is a prognostic factor in gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination. METHODS: This is a retrospective study consisting of 518 patients with a histological diagnosis of gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination seen at the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University and Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2010 and April 2014. Patients were followed until December 2015...
February 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133181/-a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-resected-for-rebleeding-after-palliative-radiotherapy-for-hemostasis
#5
Yusuke Muneoka, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Takashi Ishikawa, Takaaki Hanyu, Yu Sato, Yosuke Kano, Kenji Usui, Takahiro Otani, Mariko Hishiki, Kohei Miura, Masayuki Nagahashi, Jun Sakata, Takashi Kobayashi, Hitoshi Kameyama, Shinichi Kosugi, Toshifumi Wakai
We report a case of advanced gastric cancer(AGC)that was resected for rebleeding after palliative radiotherapy for hemostasis. A 74-year-old man with Stage IV gastric cancer received chemotherapy and achieved stable disease. After 23 months, he experienced continuous bleeding from the tumor due to regrowth. Palliative radiotherapy was conducted to control the bleeding, and the tumor successfully achieved hemostasis. However, 6 weeks later, the patient experienced rebleeding and developed hemostatic shock. We then performed a successful emergency gastrectomy...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133175/-a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-with-portosystemic-shunt-successfully-treated-with-percutaneous-transvenous-coil-embolization
#6
Kenji Usui, Takaaki Hanyu, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Takashi Ishikawa, Yusuke Muneoka, Yu Sato, Yosuke Kano, Takahiro Otani, Mariko Hishiki, Masayuki Nagahashi, Jun Sakata, Takashi Kobayashi, Hitoshi Kameyama, Shinichi Kosugi, Toshifumi Wakai
A 57-year-old man with advanced gastric cancer and multiple liver metastases was referred to our hospital. He underwent a palliative gastrectomy to treat hemorrhage, and S-1 and cisplatin therapy was administered. After 7 courses of chemotherapy, a new liver metastatic lesion and a tumor thrombus in the right portal vein appeared. Moreover, the serum level of ammonia was elevated(296 mg/dL)following a consciousness disorder. Enhanced CT revealed an inferior mesenteric vein to left renal vein shunt, which led to the diagnosis of portal systemic encephalopathy due to portosystemic shunt...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133174/-a-case-of-pulmonary-embolism-developed-during-combination-chemotherapy-with-s-1-and-cisplatin-in-a-young-female-patient-with-type-4gastric-cancer
#7
Noboru Kobayashi, Kazuyoshi Yamamoto, Kiyotaka Hagihara, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Motohiro Hirao, Sakae Maeda, Mamoru Uemura, Masakazu Miyake, Naoki Hama, Atsushi Miyamoto, Michihiko Miyazaki, Masataka Ikeda, Shoji Nakamori, Mitsugu Sekimoto
We report a case of a 23-year-old womanwho developed pulmonary embolism(PE)during chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer following total gastrectomy(R1). She presented with type 4 gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination and positive washing cytology. Palliative total gastrectomy was performed(R1)and first-line chemotherapy with S-1(80mg/m2, days 1 to 21) plus CDDP(60mg/m2, day 8)(SP; every 35 days)was administered. PE occurred on day 15 of the 3rd courses of SP. Computed tomography(CT)revealed massive PE in both the pulmonary arteries, and ultrasonography indicated an increase in right-sided pressure...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105623/-study-on-the-clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-prognostic-difference-of-gastric-stump-cancer-between-non-anastomotic-site-and-anastomotic-site
#8
Luchuan Chen, Shenghong Wei, Zaisheng Ye, Yi Wang, Qiuhong Zheng, Changhua Zhuo, Jun Xiao, Yi Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognostic difference of gastric stump cancer between non-anastomotic site and anastomotic site. METHODS: Clinicopathologic data of 149 patients with gastric stump cancer undergoing operation (radical resection and palliative resection) in our department from January 1999 to June 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Gastric stump cancer was defined as a primary carcinoma detected in the remnant stomach more than 5 years after subtotal gastrectomy for a benign disease(87 cases) or over 10 years after radical subtotal gastrectomy for a malignant disease (62 cases)...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053815/the-rare-and-challenging-presentation-of-gastric-cancer-during-pregnancy-a-report-of-three-cases
#9
Sergio Pacheco, Enrique Norero, Claudio Canales, José Miguel Martínez, María Elisa Herrera, Carolina Muñoz, Nicolás Jarufe
Pregnancy-associated gastric cancer is extremely rare. In many cases, it is diagnosed at an advanced stage because the symptoms during pregnancy are generally overlooked. We report three cases of gastric cancer during pregnancy with various outcomes. The first case included a patient with stage IV gastric cancer who received palliative chemotherapy. This patient had a preterm birth and died 7 months after diagnosis. The second case received neoadjuvant chemotherapy during pregnancy and a total gastrectomy was performed after delivery...
December 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028254/-palliative-surgery-for-peritoneal-metastasis-of-gastric-cancer
#10
Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
Different surgical interventions can be applied for the treatment of peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer according to the extent of metastasis. Gastrectomy is a consensus-based standard treatment for gastric cancer with minimal peritoneal metastasis, although there is a lack of established evidence. Conversely, gastrectomy for an intermediate to high extent of peritoneal metastasis is not considered a suitable treatment based on the results of the JCOG0705 study. Colostomy or bypass surgery is often performed for intestinal stenosis due to peritoneal metastasis to palliate symptoms and allow the introduction of chemotherapy...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990157/palliative-gastrectomy-prolongs-survival-of-metastatic-gastric-cancer-patients-with-normal-preoperative-cea-or-ca19-9-values-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Chang-Fang Chiu, Horng-Ren Yang, Mei-Due Yang, Long-Bin Jeng, Tse-Yen Yang, Aaron M Sargeant, Li-Yuan Bai
Background. Palliative gastrectomy has been suggested to improve survival of patients with metastatic gastric cancer, but limitations in study design and availability of robust prognostic factors have cast doubt on the overall merit of this procedure. Methods. The characteristics and clinical outcomes of 173 patients diagnosed between 2008 and 2012 were analyzed to determine the value of palliative gastrectomy and to identify potential prognostic factors. Results. Median overall patient survival was 6.5 months...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895818/case-of-pseudo-meigs-syndrome-caused-by-gastric-cancer-related-metastatic-ovarian-tumor-with-prolonged-survival
#12
Masaru Okamoto, Kazunori Maeda, Atsushi Yanagitani, Kiwamu Tanaka
A 48-year-old woman presented with bilateral enlarged ovaries, ascites, bilateral pleural effusion, and advanced gastric cancer. Pleural fluid cytology did not reveal malignant cells. Oophorectomy, performed as a palliative procedure, was followed by rapid resolution of the pleural effusion and ascites. The patient was diagnosed with pseudo-Meigs' syndrome, and underwent chemotherapy followed by partial gastrectomy. At the last follow-up, 84 mo following oophorectomy, she was alive, and free of disease recurrence, despite not receiving any further treatment...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819638/digestive-decompression-to-prevent-digestive-fistulas-after-gastric-neoplasm-resection
#13
Augustin Marian Marincaş, Virgiliu Mihail Prunoiu, Ciprian Cirimbei, Raluca Buzatu, Rodica Corniciuc, Cristian Sersea, Eugen Brătucu
Introduction: The risk of digestive fistula in patients operated for gastric neoplasm is increased due to biological imbalances generated by the cancer's progression, by diagnosis in advanced stages, and by the scale of intervention. Under these circumstances the use of some technical means to protect digestive sutures in these patients is useful. AIM: To analyse the efficiency of technical means to protect the digestive sutures in patients operated in various stages of development of gastric cancer...
2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631210/a-case-report-of-targeted-therapy-with-apatinib-in-a-patient-with-advanced-gastric-cancer-and-high-serum-level-of-alpha-fetoprotein
#14
Xue-Ru Zhu, Mei-Ling Zhu, Qing Wang, Wen-Ji Xue, Yi-Wei Wang, Rui-Fen Wang, Si-Yu Chen, Lei-Zhen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is an important marker for hepatocellular carcinoma, and the detection of serum AFP is currently the principle method for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. The prevalence of gastric cancer (GC) with high level of serum AFP is extremely rare, but has unique clinical features. CASE SUMMARY: We herein present a rare case with GC and high level of serum AFP. A 64-year-old Chinese female underwent gastrectomy was diagnosed as gastric adenocarcinoma and the pathological stage was T1bN0M0, IA...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558656/rare-presentation-of-gastroesophageal-carcinoma-with-rectal-metastasis-a-case-report
#15
Jasbir Makker, Niraj Karki, Binita Sapkota, Masooma Niazi, Prospere Remy
BACKGROUND Gastroesophageal cancers, previously considered rare, are rapidly increasing worldwide. We present here a unique case of gastroesophageal carcinoma with metastasis to the rectum. CASE REPORT A 60-year-old female patient presented with constipation, bloating, and weight loss of 4-month duration. She had undergone sleeve gastrectomy 6 years before. Endoscopies performed revealed a friable-looking mucosa in the lower esophagus and a polypoid rectal mass. Histopathological examination from both the esophageal and rectal lesions revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma cells...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418164/serum-fibrinogen-levels-are-positively-correlated-with-advanced-tumor-stage-and-poor-survival-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-undergoing-gastrectomy-a-large-cohort-retrospective-study
#16
Xuefeng Yu, Fulan Hu, Qiang Yao, Chunfeng Li, Hongfeng Zhang, Yingwei Xue
BACKGROUND: Platelet and blood coagulation abnormalities frequently occur in cancer patients. Fibrinogen is an important hemostatic factor that regulates the hemostatic pathway. Hyperfibrinogenemia is increasing recognized as an important risk factor influencing cancer development and outcome. However, few reports have investigated the prognostic potential of fibrinogen for predicting the survival of gastric cancer (GC) patients. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of preoperative serum fibrinogen as a biomarker for predicating tumor progression and survival of patients with GC...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380641/significant-role-of-palliative-gastrectomy-in-selective-gastric-cancer-patients-with-peritoneal-dissemination-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#17
Run-Cong Nie, Shi Chen, Shu-Qiang Yuan, Xiao-Jiang Chen, Yong-Ming Chen, Bao-Yan Zhu, Hai-Bo Qiu, Jun-Sheng Peng, Ying-Bo Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore whether palliative gastrectomy is suitable for gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis, and for patients in whom the type of peritoneal metastasis should be selected to receive palliative gastrectomy. METHODS: A total of 747 patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma with peritoneal metastasis at our centers between January 2000 and April 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. After propensity score matching, the clinicopathologic characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients with peritoneal dissemination were analyzed...
July 5, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374644/cutaneous-metastasis-of-a-ring-cell-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#18
Mériam Sabbah, Norsaf Bibani, Dalila Gargouri, Dorra Trad, Asma Ouakaa, Hela Elloumi, Asma Kochlef, Jamel Kharrat
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous metastasis of gastric tumors are very rare. Their topography is generally near to the primitive tumor, in the abdominal wall but rarely in cervical region. AIM: the aim of our study was to describe the topography and the clinic-pathological characteristics of cutaneous metastasis of ring cells gastric adenocarcinoma. Observation1: Our first patient is aged of 33 years has epigastralgias and vomiting. Gastric adenocarcinoma with independent cells was diagnosed by gastroscopy and gastric biopsy made for gastric pain and loss of weigh...
August 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351795/germ-cell-tumor-targeting-chemotherapy-in-gastric-adenocarcinoma-with-an-endodermal-sinus-tumor-component-a-case-report
#19
Jung Eun Choi, A Reum Choe, Sang Eun Yoon, Eun Mi Nam, Heejung Park, Kyoung Eun Lee
The most common sites for extragonadal germ cell tumors are the midline mediastinum, retroperitoneum and, much less frequently, the stomach. The stomach-originated primary germ cell tumor carries a poor prognosis, especially when metastasis occurs to the liver, with a mean survival time of 1 month. We describe the case of a 77-year-old male who presented with usual symptoms of gastric malignancy. Gastrectomy was performed. Histopathology of surgically resected tissue revealed a mixture of adenocarcinoma and endodermal sinus tumor components with α-fetoprotein production...
2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313067/crs-hipec-prolongs-survival-but-is-not-curative-for-patients-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-gastric-cancer
#20
T Boerner, A Graichen, T Jeiter, F Zemann, P Renner, L März, Y Soeder, H J Schlitt, P Piso, M H Dahlke
PURPOSE: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is a dismal feature of gastric cancer that most often is treated by systemic palliative chemotherapy. In this retrospective matched pairs-analysis, we sought to establish whether specific patient subgroups alternatively should be offered a multimodal therapy concept, including cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and intraoperative hyperthermic chemotherapy (HIPEC). METHODS: Clinical outcomes of 38 consecutive patients treated with gastrectomy, CRS and HIPEC for advanced gastric cancer with PC were compared to patients treated by palliative management (with and without gastrectomy) and to patients with advanced gastric cancer with no evidence of PC...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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