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Palliative gastrectomy

Shu-Qiang Yuan, Run-Cong Nie, Yong-Ming Chen, Hai-Bo Qiu, Xiao-Ping Li, Xiao-Jiang Chen, Li-Pu Xu, Li-Fang Yang, Xiao-Wei Sun, Yuan-Fang Li, Zhi-Wei Zhou, Shi Chen, Ying-Bo Chen
The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) has been shown to be associated with survival rates in patients with advanced cancer. The present study aimed to compare the GPS with the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) in patients with gastric cancer with peritoneal seeding. For the investigation, a total of 384 gastric patients with peritoneal metastasis were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP; >10 mg/l) and hypoalbuminemia (<35 mg/l) were assigned a score of 2...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Dong Il Gwon, Gi-Young Ko, Jong Woo Kim, Heung Kyu Ko, Hyun-Ki Yoon, Kyu-Bo Sung
Objective: To investigate the technical safety and clinical efficacy of a double-stent system with long duodenal extension in patients with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstruction. Materials and Methods: This prospective study enrolled 48 consecutive patients (31 men, 17 women; mean age, 61 years; age range, 31-77 years) with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstructions from May 2013 to December 2015. All patients were treated with a double-stent system with long duodenal covered extension (16 cm or 21 cm)...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
Ruizeng Dong, Zewei Zhang, Yiming Zhou, Yonghong Hua, Jianmin Guo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the surgical treatment and prognosis of Borrmann type IIII( gastric cancer involving the whole stomach. METHODS: Clinicopathological characteristics and survival data of 223 patients with Borrmann type IIII( gastric cancer involving the whole stomach (defined as the tumor infiltrating 3 regions of the stomach) receiving surgical treatment at the Department of Abdominal Surgery of Zhejiang Cancer Hospital between January 2002 and December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Weon Jin Ko, Yoo Min Kim, In Kyung Yoo, Joo Young Cho
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) with laparoscopic sentinel lymph node dissection (ESN) and endoscopic full-thickness gastric resection with laparoscopic sentinel lymph node dissection (Hybrid-natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, Hybrid-NOTES) are minimally invasive treatment options for early gastric cancer (EGC) beyond the indications of ESD. This study aimed to evaluate the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of ESN and Hybrid-NOTES. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients who had undergone ESN or Hybrid-NOTES for EGC from January 2009 to March 2013...
February 20, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
L De Cicco, F Crivelli, P Beretta, E Gjoni, A Merlotti, A Starace, G Marzaroli, F Pasta, T Zurleni, A Aguzzi, C Calandra, S Bracelli
Gastric metastasis by solid tumor cancer is a rare event. Concomitant metastases to other organs are frequent, so that this condition is often associated to a poor prognosis. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia are the most common presenting symptoms. We present the case of a 81 years old women previously treated for cervix carcinoma showing later a stomach metastasis. The patient is alive and disease free 39 months after salvage gastrectomy. A radical surgery in selected patients could be useful for symptom palliation and prolonged survival...
December 2017: Pathologica
Takuya Hamakawa, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Motohiro Hirao, Kei Yamamoto, Ayako Fujiwara, Sakae Maeda, Mamoru Uemura, Masakazu Miyake, Naoki Hama, Atsushi Miyamoto, Michihiko Miyazaki, Takeshi Kato, Koji Takami, Shoji Nakamori, Mitsugu Sekimoto
Here we report a case of a hemorrhagic gastric cancer patient with severe coronary artery disease, in whom the cancer was successfully resected with the support of intra-aortic balloon pumping(IABP). An 80-year-old man was referred to our hospital for further examination of his anemia and tumor around the pancreatic head. He was diagnosed with type 3 gastric cancer with multiple bulky lymph node metastases invadingto the pancreas(cT4b[LN-Panc], N3a, M1[LYM No.16a2int], cStage IV ). Tarry stools continued and blood transfusion was repeatedly required...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Katsumi Shimomura, Yuki Furuke, Yukie Tanaka, Tatsuya Kumano, Syuhei Komatsu, Kenichiro Imura, Jun Ikeda, Fumihiro Taniguchi, Yasuhiro Shioaki, Yoshikazu Nakatsugawa
Nearly 70% of gastric cancer recurrences occur as peritoneal dissemination. Most of the treatment for recurrence of gastric cancer dissemination is chemotherapy; depending on the symptoms and the site of recurrence, palliative bypass surgery may be performed. Intensive treatment is often difficult for elderly patients over 85-years-old. This case was a 91-year-old female who underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer(signet-ring cell carcinoma)7years prior. Two years ago, a stenosis due to recurrence was revealed in the small intestine and bypass surgery was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yoko Inaba, Maiko Fujita, Riki Ninomiya, Daijo Hashimoto
Gastric mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma(MANEC)with multiple liver metastases is a rare condition with most data being derived from case reports. We present a case with liver metastases from gastric MANEC that respond remarkably to chemotherapy. Sixty-one-year-old male with severe anemia referred to surgical consultation due to advanced gastric cancer with multiple liver metastases. To relieve uncontrollable tumor bleeding, simple distal gastrectomy for symptom palliation was performed. Based on the tentative diagnosis with gastric poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, a course of TS-1 and oxaliplatin therapy was administrated...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Wenfeng Ye, Yanhong Tang, Changfang Yao, Junyu Shi, Yongjuan Xu, Jingting Jiang
RATIONALE: Gastrointestinal carcinoma is rare during pregnancy. It is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage because special gastrointestinal symptoms are generally overlooked during pregnancy, and there are many limitations and contraindications for using diagnostic tools during pregnancy. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 29-year-old patient with 27 weeks and 5 days of gestation due to massive ascites and hydrothorax. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed with an advanced gastrointestinal cancer...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Young Jin Choi, Dae Hoon Kim, Hye Suk Han, Joung-Ho Han, Seung-Myoung Son, Dong Soo Kim, Hyo Yung Yun
Bone metastasis is a rare event in patients with gastric cancer, but pathologic fracture, paralysis, pain and hematological disorders associated with the bone metastasis may influence the quality of life. We report herein the case of a 53-year-old man who presented with primary remnant gastric cancer with bone metastasis. The patient requested further investigations after detection of a metastatic lesion in the 2nd lumbar vertebra during evaluation for back pain that had persisted for 3 mo. No other metastatic lesions were detected...
January 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Samer A Naffouje, George I Salti
Introduction: The extent of lymphadenectomy in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer is a topic of controversy among surgeons. This study was conducted to analyze the American National Cancer Database (NCDB) and conclude the optimal extent of lymphadenectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma. Methods: The NCDB for gastric cancer was utilized. Patients who received at least a partial gastrectomy were included. Patients with metastatic disease, unknown TNM stages, R1/R2 resection, or treated with a palliative intent were excluded...
December 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Sung Don Oh, Sung Jin Oh, Byoung Jo Suh, Jin Yong Shin, Jong Kwon Park
Portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) with advanced gastric cancer is very rare; when it occurs, it exhibits aggressive growth and carries a poor prognosis. In addition, definitive treatment has not been established due to insufficient data. Herein, we report a case of PVTT associated with an adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction that was successfully controlled by means of a palliative total gastrectomy without surgical resection of the PVTT and administration of palliative continuous doxifluridine.
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
Shinichi Miyazaki, Takuya Ikeda, Genshi Ito, Masahide Inoue, Keiji Nara, Yuko Nishinaga, Yoshinori Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy is a special type of tumor thromboembolism. We report the case of a patient who developed pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy with alveolar hemorrhage. Almost all patients with pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy die within 1 week of the onset of dyspnea; however, the prognosis in this case was better, with 10 weeks of survival from presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital with a 4-week history of dyspnea on exertion and severe pulmonary hypertension...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Hui Li, Xiangyu Jin, Peng Liu, Wei Hong
Local recurrence is common after radical surgery. However, the factors that contribute to survival after local recurrence remain unclear. In this retrospective study we analyzed the relationship between time to recurrence and survival after recurrence in 74 patients with locally recurrent gastric cancer. All patients received palliative radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. The patients were divided into two groups according to the time between gastrectomy and local recurrence: early local recurrence (ELR, < 12 months after primary surgery), and late local recurrence (LLR, ≥12 months after primary surgery)...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
Morgane Bouquot, Safi Dokmak, Louise Barbier, Jérôme Cros, Philippe Levy, Alain Sauvanet
BACKGROUND: Gastric stump carcinoma is an exceptional and poorly known long-term complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy. CASES PRESENTATION: Two patients developed gastric stump carcinoma 19 and 10 years after pancreaticoduodenectomy for malignant ampulloma and total pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma, respectively. Both patients had pT4 signet-ring cell carcinoma involving the gastrojejunostomy site that was revealed by bleeding or obstruction...
November 22, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
Hua Xiao, Min Ma, Yanping Xiao, Yongzhong Ouyang, Ming Tang, Kunyan Zhou, Yuan Hong, Bo Tang, Chaohui Zuo
The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the morbidity, mortality, and survival rates of extended multiorgan resection (EMR) for locally advanced gastric cancer patients compared to gastrectomy alone and a palliative operation. 893 locally advanced gastric cancer patients without distant metastasis had surgery including gastrectomy alone (GA group, n = 798), EMR resection (EMR group, n = 75), and palliative operation (palliative gastrectomy or gastrojejunostomy (PO group, n = 20)). Postoperative mortality and complication rates in the EMR group were significantly higher than in the GA group (2...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Alexandre Gosselin-Tardif, Jessica Lie, Ioana Nicolau, Juan Carlos Molina, Jonathan Cools-Lartigue, Liane Feldman, Jonathan Spicer, Carmen Mueller, Lorenzo Ferri
PURPOSE: Despite evidence of oncologic benefits from extended (D2) lymphadenectomy in gastric cancer from many East Asian studies, there is persistent debate over its use in the West, mainly due to perceived high rates of morbidity and mortality. This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of D2 dissection in a high-volume North American center. METHODS: A prospectively entered database of all patients undergoing gastrectomy for cancer at a North American referral center from 2005 to 2016 was reviewed...
March 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Changhua Zhuo, Mingang Ying, Ruirong Lin, Xianyi Wu, Shen Guan, Chunkang Yang
Negative lymph node (NLN) count has been validated as a protective predictor in various cancers after radical resection. However, the prognostic value of NLN count in the setting of stage IV gastric cancer patients who have received palliative resection has not been investigated. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER)-registered gastric cancer patients were used for analysis in this study. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and multivariate Cox proportional hazards model were used to assess the risk factors for patients' survivals...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Jiyang Li, Kecheng Zhang, Yunhe Gao, Hongqing Xi, Jianxin Cui, Wenquan Liang, Aizhen Cai, Bo Wei, Lin Chen
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatments for gastric cancer with liver metastases (GCLM) remain controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of hepatectomy, RFA and TACE as local treatments for GCLM. METHODS: From 2001 to 2015, 119 consecutive patients who received multidisciplinary treatments based on curative gastrectomy and local treatments (hepatectomy, RFA and TACE) for liver metastases were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Patients were divided into Group A (46, hepatectomy) and Group B (73, either or both RFA and TACE)...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
Lorenzo Fornaro, Valentina Fanotto, Gianna Musettini, Mario Uccello, Lorenza Rimassa, Caterina Vivaldi, Caterina Fontanella, Francesco Leone, Riccardo Giampieri, Gerardo Rosati, Monica Lencioni, Daniele Santini, Samantha Di Donato, Gianluca Tomasello, Oronzo Brunetti, Filippo Pietrantonio, Francesca Bergamo, Mario Scartozzi, Antonio Avallone, Stefania Eufemia Lutrino, Davide Melisi, Lorenzo Antonuzzo, Antonio Pellegrino, Lorenzo Gerratana, Stefano Cordio, Enrico Vasile, Giuseppe Aprile
AIM: To evaluate the impact on overall survival (OS) of gastrectomy in asymptomatic metastatic esophago-gastric cancer. PATIENTS & METHODS:  Five hundred and thirteen patients were included. The role of surgery and other clinico-pathological factors was evaluated by univariate and Cox regression analyses. OS was the primary end point. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis confirmed that gastrectomy was a predictor of longer OS (p < 0.001), as well as preserved performance status and benefit from first-line chemotherapy...
October 4, 2017: Future Oncology
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