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Kazuomi Kario, Sungha Park, Peera Buranakitjaroen, Yook-Chin Chia, Chen-Huan Chen, Romeo Divinagracia, Satoshi Hoshide, Jinho Shin, Saulat Siddique, Jorge Sison, Arieska Ann Soenarta, Guru Prasad Sogunuru, Jam Chin Tay, Yuda Turana, Lawrence Wong, Yuqing Zhang, Ji-Guang Wang
Hypertension is an important modifiable cardiovascular risk factor and a leading cause of death throughout Asia. Effective prevention and control of hypertension in the region remain a significant challenge despite the availability of several regional and international guidelines. Out-of-office measurement of blood pressure (BP), including home BP monitoring (HBPM), is an important hypertension management tool. Home BP is better than office BP for predicting cardiovascular risk and HBPM should be considered for all patients with office BP ≥ 130/85 mm Hg...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Jun-Gu Kang, Jeong-Byoung Chae, Yoon-Kyoung Cho, Yong-Sun Jo, Nam-Shik Shin, Hang Lee, Kyoung-Seong Choi, Do-Hyeon Yu, Jinho Park, Bae-Keun Park, Joon-Seok Chae
Anaplasmosis, cat-scratch disease, and Lyme disease are emerging vector-borne infectious diseases in Korea. Although the prevalence of vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) in domestic animals and vector arthropods has been documented, there is limited information on the presence of VBPs in wild animals. The raccoon dog ( Nyctereutes procyonoides ), a wild canid found in East Asia and Europe, represents a potential wildlife reservoir for zoonotic diseases. To investigate the prevalence of VBPs in raccoon dogs, 142 carcasses and 51 blood samples from captured raccoon dogs were collected from 2003 to 2010 and from 2008 to 2009, respectively, in Korea...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Hyunkyoung Lee, Min Jung Pyo, Seong Kyeong Bae, Yunwi Heo, Indu Choudhary, Duhyeon Hwang, Hyeryeon Yang, Je-Hein Kim, Jinho Chae, Chang Hoon Han, Changkeun Kang, Seungshic Yum, Euikyung Kim
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key initial step in metastasis for malignant cancer cells to obtain invasive and motile properties. Inhibiting EMT has become a new strategy for cancer therapy. In our previous in vivo study, Nemopilema nomurai jellyfish venom (NnV) -treated HepG2 xenograft mice group showed that E-cadherin expression was strongly detected compared with non-treated groups. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether NnV could inhibit the invasive and migratory abilities of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and to examine its effect on EMT...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jinho Kim, Jason M Fletcher
This article examines the effect of delinquent peers on an individual's criminal activity by leveraging quasi-experimental variation in exposure to peers, separating confounding and causal effects. In particular, we examine the role of wider peer networks (i.e., classmates) as a critical source of influence on adolescents' delinquent behavior. Using a combined instrumental variables/fixed effects methodology, we address important methodological challenges in estimating peer effects. Results suggest that increasing the proportion of peers who engage in criminal activities by 5 percent will increase the likelihood an individual engages in criminal activities by 3 percentage points...
2018: Deviant Behavior
Sungha Park, Peera Buranakitjaroen, Chen-Huan Chen, Yook-Chin Chia, Romeo Divinagracia, Satoshi Hoshide, Jinho Shin, Saulat Siddique, Jorge Sison, Arieska Ann Soenarta, Guru Prasad Sogunuru, Jam Chin Tay, Yuda Turana, Ji-Guang Wang, Yuqing Zhang, Kazuomi Kario
Hypertension is the leading cause of mortality throughout Asia. Home blood pressure monitoring has the potential to improve hypertension control and is a useful adjunct to conventional office blood pressure measurements due to its diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value in predicting cardiovascular outcomes. At present, there are no region-specific guidelines addressing the use of home blood pressure monitoring in Asia. Therefore, an expert panel was convened to address the use of home blood pressure monitoring and develop key recommendations to help guide clinical practice throughout the Asia region...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Hyun-Seop Song, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Jae-Heung Cho, Koh-Woon Kim, Yeoncheol Park, Hyun Jin Song, Sun-Young Park, Seoyoun Kim, Mia Kim, In-Hyuk Ha
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are common musculoskeletal conditions in the maxillofacial area. Although strong relationships between TMDs and other pain and diseases exist, few studies have comprehensively assessed the association between chronic diseases, ophthalmologic and otolaryngologic disorders and TMD. METHODS: Of 25,534 individuals included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012), 17,575 aged ≥20 years who completed survey items on TMD symptoms were included for cross-sectional analysis...
2018: PloS One
Binu Mani Tripathi, Mincheol Kim, Yongwon Kim, Eunji Byun, Ji-Woong Yang, Jinho Ahn, Yoo Kyung Lee
Understating the microbial communities and ecological processes that influence their structure in permafrost soils is crucial for predicting the consequences of climate change. In this study we investigated the bacterial and archaeal communities along depth profiles of four soil cores collected across Alaska. The bacterial and archaeal diversity (amplicon sequencing) overall decreased along the soil depth but the depth-wise pattern of their abundances (qPCR) varied by sites. The community structure of bacteria and archaea displayed site-specific pattern, with a greater role of soil geochemical characteristics rather than soil depth...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Min Hye Kim, Jinho Kim
Recently, various fruitful organic reactions such as a catalytic Mitsunobu reaction were reported by virtue of alkyl 2-phenylazocarboxylates, however, the synthesis of alkyl 2-phenylazocarboxylates largely depended on the stoichiometric use of toxic oxidants. In this manuscript, an environment-friendly aerobic oxidative transformation of alkyl 2-phenylhydrazinecarboxylates to alkyl 2-phenylazocarboxylates was disclosed. The use of CuCl and DMAP system efficiently catalyzed the aerobic oxidation of alkyl 2-phenylhydrazinecarboxylates under mild conditions...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Jinho Shin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
Yonggu Lee, Young-Hyo Lim, Jeong-Hun Shin, Jinkyu Park, Jinho Shin
BACKGROUND: Similar to overt hypothyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) has been reported to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the influence of SCH on clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study. SCH was defined as a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level ≥4.5mIU/l and a normal level of free thyroxine (FT4). A composite event was defined as the combination of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and repeat revascularization...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Yeongjun Ryu, Jinho Ahn, Ji-Woong Yang
Atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) is a greenhouse gas and ozone-depleting substance whose emissions are substantially perturbed by current human activities. Although air trapped in polar ice cores can provide direct information about N2O evolution, analytical precision was not previously sufficient for high temporal resolution studies. In this work, we present a highly improved analytical technique with which to study N2O concentrations in ancient-air-trapped ice cores. We adopt a melt-refreezing method to extract air and use a gas chromatography-electron capture detector (GC-ECD) to determine N2O concentrations...
January 5, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Jin-Young Park, Juli Choi, Yunjin Lee, Jung-Eun Lee, Eun-Hwa Lee, Hye-Jin Kwon, Jinho Yang, Bo-Ri Jeong, Yoon-Keun Kim, Pyung-Lim Han
Emerging evidence has suggested that the gut microbiota contribute to brain dysfunction, including pathological symptoms of Alzheimer disease (AD). Microbiota secrete membrane vesicles, also called extracellular vesicles (EVs), which contain bacterial genomic DNA fragments and other molecules and are distributed throughout the host body, including blood. In the present study, we investigated whether bacteria-derived EVs in blood are useful for metagenome analysis in an AD mouse model. Sequence readings of variable regions of 16S rRNA genes prepared from blood EVs in Tg-APP/PS1 mice allowed us to identify over 3,200 operational taxonomic units corresponding to gut microbiota reported in previous studies...
December 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
Jinho Oh, Kwanyong Jeong, Tae Wan Kim, Hyunguk Kwon, Jeong Woo Han, Ji Hoon Park, Young-Woong Suh
For H₂ storage based on reversible hydrogenation and dehydrogenation of a liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC), we herein demonstrate a potential of 2-(n-methylbenzyl)pyridine (MBP) with the H₂ storage density of 6.15 wt%. This material and the corresponding perhydro product (H12-MBP) exist in liquid state at room temperature. Remarkably, H₂ release is much faster from H12-MBP over Pd/C than from the benchmark perhydro benzyltoluene over Pt/C at lower temperatures than 270 °C due to the addition of N atom into the benzene ring...
December 28, 2017: ChemSusChem
Yonggu Lee, Young-Hyo Lim, Jeong-Hun Shin, Jinkyu Park, Jinho Shin
This article contains the data showing the different influence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) on the risk of cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in various subgroups regarding myocardial infarction, previous PCI, the stent generation, total stent length, the extent of coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity, a lipid reduction level and a C-reactive protein level. This article also contains the data showing the association between SCH and the risk of receiving repeat PCI for in-stent restenosis or de novo coronary stenosis...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Hye Ok Kim, Ji Eun Lim, Myung Jun Kim, Ji-One Kang, Sung-Moon Kim, Jeong Min Nam, Jihoon Tak, Hiroaki Konishi, Tasuku Nishino, In Song Koh, Young-Ho Jin, Hyung Hwan Baik, Jin-Bae Kim, Mi Kyung Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Sang-Hak Lee, Yangsoo Jang, Jinho Shin, Bermseok Oh
PR interval is the period from the onset of P wave to the start of the QRS complex on electrocardiograms. A recent genomewide association study (GWAS) suggested that GAREM1 was linked to the PR interval on electrocardiograms. This study was designed to validate this correlation using additional subjects and examined the function of Garem1 in a mouse model. We analyzed the association of rs17744182, a variant in the GAREM1 locus, with the PR interval in 5646 subjects who were recruited from 2 Korean replication sets, Yangpyeong (n = 2471) and Yonsei (n = 3175), and noted a significant genomewide association by meta-analysis (P = 2...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
Kibae Lee, Arshad Hassan, Chong Hyun Lee, Jinho Bae
In this paper, a compact microstrip feed inset patch sensor is proposed for measuring the salinities in seawater. The working principle of the proposed sensor depends on the fact that different salinities in liquid have different relative permittivities and cause different resonance frequencies. The proposed sensor can obtain better sensitivity to salinity changes than common sensors using conductivity change, since the relative permittivity change to salinity is 2.5 times more sensitive than the conductivity change...
December 18, 2017: Sensors
Youngjin Kang, Ki-Min Park, Jinho Kim
The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Ir(C17H11F2N2)3]·0.5CH3(CH2)4CH3·0.5CH2Cl2, comprises one IrIII atom, three 2,6-di-fluoro-3-[5-(2-fluoro-phen-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyridin-4-yl ligands and half each of an n-hexane and a di-chloro-methane solvent mol-ecule located about crystallographic inversion centres. The IrIII atom displays a distorted octa-hedral coordination geometry, having three C,N-chelating 2,6-di-fluoro-3-[5-(2-fluoro-phen-yl)pyridin-2-yl]pyridin-4-yl ligands arranged in a meridional manner...
December 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Jinho Kim
RATIONALE: The high prevalence of household firearms in the U.S. has ignited a growing body of research seeking to understand its health consequences. While a large number of studies examine the impact of firearm availability on health risks of gun owners in the household, relatively little attention is given to whether and how in-home firearm access may shape psychological outcomes among children of gun owners. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether and how in-home firearm access is associated with adolescents' depressive symptoms...
December 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
Heegwang Kim, Jinho Park, Hasil Park, Joonki Paik
Recently, the stereo imaging-based image enhancement approach has attracted increasing attention in the field of video analysis. This paper presents a dual camera-based stereo image defogging algorithm. Optical flow is first estimated from the stereo foggy image pair, and the initial disparity map is generated from the estimated optical flow. Next, an initial transmission map is generated using the initial disparity map. Atmospheric light is then estimated using the color line theory. The defogged result is finally reconstructed using the estimated transmission map and atmospheric light...
December 9, 2017: Sensors
Dawn Lee, Sin Wee Loh, Juliet Tan, Jinho Chong
We report a case of an infant who had presented with fever and an acral-accentuated rash, for which his cerebrospinal fluid returned positive for parechovirus. He was treated symptomatically and discharged well, with no long-term complications.
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
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