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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078772/skin-cleansing-and-emolliating-for-older-people-a-quasi-experimental-pilot-study
#1
Jill Brooks, Fiona Cowdell, Steven J Ersser, Eric D Gardiner
AIMS: The aims of this study were to (i) assess the effect of low-cost hygiene and emollient regimens on the skin barrier function (SBF) of people aged >65 year with xerosis (dry skin) on their lower legs; (ii) to assess the utility of portable measures of skin barrier function in terms of stratum corneum hydration (SCH) and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) in community settings; and iii) to provide evidence for a randomised controlled trial on the treatment of adults in a resource-poor country with dry skin on their lower legs which causes and exacerbates the skin disease podoconiosis (non-filarial elephantiasis)...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077741/is-using-a-latrine-a-strange-thing-to-do-a-mixed-methods-study-of-sanitation-preference-and-behaviors-in-rural-ethiopia
#2
Kristen Aiemjoy, Nicole E Stoller, Sintayehu Gebresillasie, Ayalew Shiferaw, Zerihun Tadesse, Tegene Sewent, Bezuayehu Ayele, Melsew Chanyalew, Solomon Aragie, Kelly Callahan, Aisha Stewart, Paul M Emerson, Thomas M Lietman, Jeremy D Keenan, Catherine E Oldenburg
Latrines are the most basic form of improved sanitation and are a common public health intervention. Understanding motivations for building and using latrines can help develop effective, sustainable latrine promotion programs. We conducted a mixed-methods study of latrine use in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. We held 15 focus group discussions and surveyed 278 households in five communities. We used the Integrated Behavioral Model for Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene interventions to guide our qualitative analysis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071141/psychosocial-factors-mediating-the-effect-of-the-chobi7-intervention-on-handwashing-with-soap
#3
Christine Marie George, Shwapon Biswas, Danielle Jung, Jamie Perin, Tahmina Parvin, Shirajum Monira, K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Elizabeth D Thomas, Robert Dreibelbis, Farzana Begum, Fatema Zohura, Xiaotong Zhang, David A Sack, Munirul Alam, R Bradley Sack, Elli Leontsini, Peter J Winch
Inadequate hand hygiene is estimated to result in nearly 300,000 deaths annually, with the majority of deaths being among children younger than 5 years. In an effort to promote handwashing with soap and water treatment behaviors among highly susceptible household members of cholera patients, we recently developed the Cholera-Hospital-Based Intervention-for-7-Days (CHoBI7); chobi means picture in Bengali. This 1-week handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention is delivered by a promoter in the hospital and the home to cholera patients and their household members...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070317/prevention-of-microbial-hazard-on-fresh-cut-lettuce-through%C3%A2-adoption-of-food-safety-and-hygienic-practices-by%C3%A2-lettuce-farmers
#4
Lateefah A Oyinlola, Adewale O Obadina, Adebukunola M Omemu, Olusola B Oyewole
Lettuce is consumed raw in salads and is susceptible to microbial contamination through environment, agricultural practices, and its morphology, thus, a potential vehicle for food-borne illness. This study investigated the effect of adoption of food safety and hygienic practices by lettuce farmers on the microbial safety of field sourced lettuce in Lagos State, Nigeria. Ten structured questionnaires were administered randomly to 10 lettuce farmers to assess food safety and hygienic practices (FSH). Two farmers who practice FSH and two farmers who do not practice NFSH were finally used for this study...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068912/intensified-hand-hygiene-campaign-including-soap-and-water-wash-may-prevent-acute-infections-in-office-workers-as-shown-by-a-recognized-exposure-adjusted-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#5
Tapani Hovi, Jukka Ollgren, Carita Savolainen-Kopra
BACKGROUND: Variable exposure to causative agents of acute respiratory (RTI) or gastrointestinal tract infections (GTI) is a significant confounding factor in the analysis of the efficacy of interventions concerning these infections. We had an exceptional opportunity to reanalyze a previously published dataset from a trial assessing the effect of enhanced hand hygiene on the occurrence of RTI or GTI in adults, after adjustment for reported exposure and other covariates. METHODS: Twenty-one working units (designated clusters) each including at least 50 office employees, totaling 1,270 persons, were randomized into two intervention arms (either using water-and-soap or alcohol-rub in hand cleansing), or in the control arm...
January 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058772/suaahara-in-nepal-an-at-scale-multi-sectoral-nutrition-program-influences-knowledge-and-practices-while-enhancing-equity
#6
Kenda Cunningham, Akriti Singh, Pooja Pandey Rana, Laura Brye, Bindu Gautam, Karin Lapping, Silvia Alayon, Carol Underwood, Rolf D W Klemm
The burden of undernutrition in South Asia is greater than anywhere else. Policies and programmatic efforts increasingly address health and non-health determinants of undernutrition. In Nepal, one large-scale integrated nutrition program, Suaahara, aimed to reduce undernutrition among women and children in the 1,000-day period, while simultaneously addressing inequities. In this study, we use household-level process evaluation data (N = 480) to assess levels of exposure to program inputs and levels of knowledge and practices related to health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)...
January 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058250/effect-of-a-phenolic-extract-from-olive-vegetation-water-on-fresh-salmon-steak-quality-during-storage
#7
Dino Miraglia, Sonia Esposto, Raffaella Branciari, Stefania Urbani, Maurizio Servili, Simona Perucci, David Ranucci
This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of a phenolic extract from olive vegetation water on fresh salmon steaks stored at 4°C under modified atmosphere. Twenty-four salmon steaks were respectively immersed in solutions of the diluted phenolic extract at 1.5 g/L (A), 3 g/L (B), and water only as a control (CTR), packaged within a protective atmosphere (70% carbon dioxide, 25% nitrogen and 5% oxygen) and then stored at 4°C. After 2 h, and 3 and 6 days of storage, the fish samples were analysed for the total viable count, Enterobacteriaceae count, pH, colour (CIE L*a*b* colour system), phenolic composition, atocopherol content, antioxidant activity by 2,2- diphenyl- 1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH˙) assay, and thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS)...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045710/re-estimating-the-effect-of-school-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-improvements-on-pupil-health-outcomes
#8
Benjamin F Arnold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#9
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038485/-the-role-of-sanitary-conditions-in-the-apulian-aquedoct-construction-policy-in-bari
#10
Sabrina Veneziani
In the city of Bari (Italy), during the 19th century, energetic political battles were carried out between the administrators and governors in order to ensure the population the primary resource for life: the water. In this town, there were no rivers or drinking water sources; the thirsty population drank from public and private cisterns for collecting rainwater. The condition of the pavement, poor maintenance of the reservoirs and the presence of absorbent cesspits in the vicinity of the wells were often the cause of pathogenic microorganisms' infiltration, such as viruses, bacteria or parasites, which were responsible for the most common digestive disorders...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035130/the-influence-of-different-types-of-brackets-and-efficacy-of-two-chlorhexidine-mouthwashes-on-oral-hygiene-and-the-incidence-of-white-spot-lesions-in-adolescents-during-the-orthodontic-therapy
#11
Sanja Jurišić, Davorin Kozomara, Hrvoje Jurić, Željko Verzak, Gordan Jurišić
BACKGROUND: To detect the effect of two different types of brackets (ceramic and stainless steel) and investigate the effectiveness of two chlorhexidine mouthwashes 0.2% (CHX) on oral hygiene status and incidence of white spot lesions (WSLs) in adolescents wearing fixed orthodontic appliance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty subjects (aged 11 to 18 years, mean age 14.5 years) were divided into six equal groups according to brackets type and to different mouthwashes: Group 1: metal brackets and conventional CHX, Group 2: metal brackets and CHX with anti-discoloration system (CHX-ADS), Group 3: ceramic brackets and conventional CHX, Group 4: ceramic brackets and CHX-ADS, Group 5: metal brackets and water correction flavors mouthwash (placebo), Group 6: ceramic brackets and placebo...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030544/seeking-clearer-recommendations-for-hand-hygiene-in-communities-facing-ebola-a-randomized-trial-investigating-the-impact-of-six-handwashing-methods-on-skin-irritation-and-dermatitis
#12
Marlene K Wolfe, Emma Wells, Brittany Mitro, Anne Marie Desmarais, Pamela Scheinman, Daniele Lantagne
: To prevent disease transmission, 0.05% chlorine solution is commonly recommended for handwashing in Ebola Treatment Units. In the 2014 West Africa outbreak this recommendation was widely extended to community settings, although many organizations recommend soap and hand sanitizer over chlorine. To evaluate skin irritation caused by frequent handwashing that may increase transmission risk in Ebola-affected communities, we conducted a randomized trial with 91 subjects who washed their hands 10 times a day for 28 days...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025807/risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-dental-fluorosis-and-dental-caries-in-school-children-of-north-india
#13
Kavita Plaka, Khaiwal Ravindra, Suman Mor, Krishan Gauba
The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of dental fluorosis, dental caries, and associated risk factors in the school children of district Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab, India, using a cross-sectional study design. Oral health status of children aged between 8 and 15 years was assessed using World Health Organization (WHO) 2013 criteria. Dental fluorosis was assessed using Dean's index, and dental caries were recorded using decayed, missing, filled/decayed, extracted, filled (DMF/def) indices. Four hundred school children were examined, of which 207 were in the 8-11-year-old group and 193 were in the 12-15-year-old group...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025598/estimating-access-to-drinking-water-supply-sanitation-and-hygiene-facilities-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia-in-reference-to-national-coverage
#14
Amha Admasie, Ashenafi Debebe
Introduction. The coverage of sanitation and access to safe drinking water in Ethiopia especially in Wolaita Sodo town are not well studied. Therefore, the main objective of this study was estimating access to drinking water supply, sanitation, and hygiene facilities in Wolaita Sodo town, southern Ethiopia, in reference to national coverage. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study design method was employed in the study in 588 households of Wolaita Sodo town inhabitants. Face-to-face interview to household owners, in-depth interview to key informants, reviewing secondary data, and observational check lists were used to collect data...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013166/bacterial-adhesion-to-polyvinylamine-modified-nanocellulose-films
#15
Jonatan Henschen, Per A Larsson, Josefin Illergård, Monica Ek, Lars Wågberg
Cellulose nanofibril (CNF) materials have been widely studied in recent years and are suggested for a wide range of applications, e.g., medical and hygiene products. One property not very well studied is the interaction between bacteria and these materials and how this can be controlled. The current work studies how bacteria adhere to different CNF materials modified with polyelectrolyte multilayers. The tested materials were TEMPO-oxidized to have different surface charges, periodate-oxidized to vary the water interaction and hot-pressed to alter the surface structure...
December 15, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012527/improving-access-to-school-based-education-for-south-african-children-in-rural-areas-who-have-a-tracheostomy-a-case-series-and-recommendations
#16
Chengetai Mahomva, Sue Harris, Narvanie Seebran, Bridget Mudge, Brian Catlin, Louise Davies
OBJECTIVES: Currently few children with tracheostomies attend rural mainstreams schools in South Africa limiting their ability to gain an education. We sought to document the current school experience for the few children attending school who have tracheostomies and devise educational tools for teachers and administrators that will facilitate greater acceptance and safety in classrooms for this population. METHODS: The four patients that are currently attending school with a tracheostomy were identified from the patient records of a tertiary hospital with a pediatric tracheostomy home based care service...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009322/predicting-of-risks-of-groundwater-and-surface-water-pollution-with-different-classes-of-herbicides-in-soil-in-eastern-europe-climate-conditions
#17
M Korshun, O Dema, O Kucherenko, O Korshun, S Garkavyi, I Pelio, A Antonenko, N Velikaia
Application of pesticides in modern agriculture is a powerful permanent risk factor for public health and the natural environment. The aim of the study was a comparative hygienic assessment of the danger of contamination of ground and surface water sources with most widely used herbicides of different chemical classes (sulfonylureas, imidazolinones, pirimidinilkarboksilovye compounds semicarbazones). Field hygienic experiments for studying of the residues dynamics of studied herbicides concentration in agrocenosis objects were made by us in different types of soils: chernozem, sod-podzolic, podzolized forest...
November 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992609/use-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-and-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-safe-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-a-long-standing-refugee-camp-thailand-2012-2014
#18
Heather M Scobie, Christina R Phares, Kathleen A Wannemuehler, Edith Nyangoma, Eboni M Taylor, Anna Fulton, Nuttapong Wongjindanon, Naw Rody Aung, Phillipe Travers, Kashmira Date
Oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) are relatively new public health interventions, and limited data exist on the potential impact of OCV use on traditional cholera prevention and control measures-safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH). To assess OCV acceptability and knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) regarding cholera and WaSH, we conducted cross-sectional surveys, 1 month before (baseline) and 3 and 12 months after (first and second follow-up) a preemptive OCV campaign in Maela, a long-standing refugee camp on the Thailand-Burma border...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989472/monitoring-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-the-2030-agenda-for-sustainable-development-a-review-through-the-lens-of-human-rights
#19
Ricard Giné-Garriga, Óscar Flores-Baquero, Alejandro Jiménez-Fdez de Palencia, Agustí Pérez-Foguet
International monitoring of drinking water and sanitation has been jointly carried out by WHO and UNICEF through their Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). With the end of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) era in 2015, the JMP has proposed a post-2015 framework for integrated monitoring of water and sanitation targets included in the Sustainable Development Goal no. 6. This article discusses how each element of the proposed sanitation target and corresponding indicators can be understood from a human rights perspective...
December 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986863/impact-of-contaminated-household-environment-on-stunting-in-children-aged-12-59%C3%A2-months-in-burkina-faso
#20
Federica Fregonese, Kendra Siekmans, Seni Kouanda, Thomas Druetz, Antarou Ly, Souleymane Diabaté, Slim Haddad
BACKGROUND: Stunting affects 165 million children worldwide, with repercussions on their survival and development. A contaminated environment is likely to contribute to stunting: frequent faecal-oral transmission possibly causes environmental enteropathy, a chronic inflammatory disorder that may contribute to faltering growth in children. This study's objective was to assess the effect of contaminated environment on stunting in Burkina Faso, where stunting prevalence is persistently high...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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