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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813542/the-african-cholera-surveillance-network-africhol-consortium-meeting-10-11-june-2015-lom%C3%A3-togo
#1
Aline Munier, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Delphine Sauvageot, Raymond B Mhlanga, Léonard Heyerdahl, Johara Nadri, Richard Wood, Issaka Ouedraogo, Alexandre Blake, Laurent Akilimali Mukelenge, Jean-Claude B Anné, Abiba Banla Kere, Lucienne Dempouo, Sakoba Keita, José P M Langa, Issa Makumbi, Elibariki R Mwakapeje, Ian J Njeru, Olubunmi E Ojo, Isaac Phiri, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Bradford D Gessner, Martin Mengel
The fifth annual meeting of the African cholera surveillance network (Africhol) took place on 10-11 June 2015 in Lomé, Togo. Together with international partners, representatives from the 11 member countries -Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe- and an invited country (Malawi) shared their experience. The meeting featured three sessions: i) cholera surveillance, prevention and control in participating countries, ii) cholera surveillance methodology, such as cholera mapping, cost-effectiveness studies and the issue of overlapping epidemics from different diseases, iii) cholera laboratory diagnostics tools and capacity building...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811799/diversity-physiochemical-and-phylogenetic-analyses-of-bacteria-isolated-from-various-drinking-water-sources
#2
Neveen H Eid, Huda A Al Doghaither, Taha A Kumosani, Munazza Gull
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the indigenous bacterial strains of drinking water from the most commercial water types including bottled and filtered water that are currently used in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Thirty randomly selected commercial brands of bottled water were purchased from Saudi local markets. Moreover, samples from tap water and filtered water were collected in sterilized glass bottles and stored at 4°C. Biochemical analyses including pH, temperature, lactose fermentation test (LAC), indole test (IND), methyl red test (MR), Voges-Proskauer test (VP), urease test (URE), catalase test (CAT), aerobic and anaerobic test (Ae/An) were measured...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809869/-some-considerations-on-revision-of-legislation-hygiene-sanitary-for-the-management-of-swimming-pools-for-swimming-pool-use-and-the-national-consultation-of-the-ministry-of-health
#3
Federica Valeriani, Rossella Briancesco, Sara Sanzari, Gianluca Gianfranceschi, Emanuele Ferretti, Lucia Bonadonna, Vincenzo Romano Spica
After over a decade the Italian regulation on hygiene and surveillance in swimming pools is under revision based on WHO guidelines and current laws from other European countries. The Ministry of Health is proposing an update of the Annex 1 that contains physical, chemical and microbiological indicators for monitoring swimming pool hygiene. The authors review current regulations and the new proposal for updating surveillance. A comparison of Annex 1 as approved in 2003 and the new version as proposed in 2016 allowed to enlighten innovative improvements...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809593/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-jordan-s-healthcare-facilities
#4
Yousef Saleh Khader
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine water availability, sanitation and hygiene (WSH) services, and healthcare waste management in Jordan healthcare facilities. Design/methodology/approach In total, 19 hospitals (15 public and four private) were selected. The WSH services were assessed in hospitals using the WSH in health facilities assessment tool developed for this purpose. Findings All hospitals (100 percent) had a safe water source and most (84.2 percent) had functional water sources to provide enough water for users' needs...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808691/fluoride-depletes-acidogenic-taxa-in-oral-but-not-gut-microbial-communities-in-mice
#5
Koji Yasuda, Tiffany Hsu, Carey A Gallini, Lauren J Mclver, Emma Schwager, Andy Shi, Casey R DuLong, Randall N Schwager, Galeb S Abu-Ali, Eric A Franzosa, Wendy S Garrett, Curtis Huttenhower, Xochitl C Morgan
Fluoridation of drinking water and dental products prevents dental caries primarily by inhibiting energy harvest in oral cariogenic bacteria (such as Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis), thus leading to their depletion. However, the extent to which oral and gut microbial communities are affected by host fluoride exposure has been underexplored. In this study, we modeled human fluoride exposures to municipal water and dental products by treating mice with low or high levels of fluoride over a 12-week period...
July 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807472/a-survey-of-domestic-wells-and-pit-latrines-in-rural-settlements-of-mali-implications-of-on-site-sanitation-on-the-quality-of-water-supplies
#6
P Martínez-Santos, M Martín-Loeches, N García-Castro, D Solera, S Díaz-Alcaide, E Montero, J García-Rincón
On-site sanitation is generally advocated as a means to eradicate the health hazards associated with open defecation. While this has provided a welcome upgrade to the livelihoods of millions of people in low-income countries, improved sanitation facilities are increasingly becoming a threat to domestic groundwater-based supplies. Within this context, a survey of pit latrines, domestic wells and improved water sources was carried out in a large rural village of southern Mali. All households were surveyed for water, sanitation and hygiene habits...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802951/smoke-on-the-water-oral-fluid-analysis-at-sea
#7
Andrew Griffiths, Richard Leonars, Lenore Hadley, Mark Stephenson, Richard Teale
This study outlines the operational challenges and findings of an illicit drug oral fluid testing program carried out on the skippers (those in charge) of water vessels in Queensland, Australia. Between 2010 and 2016, 953 tests of skippers were conducted on water (waterside) for three proscribed illicit drugs; delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), methylamphetamine (MA) and 3,4-methylendioxymethylamphetamine (MDMA). 126 (13%) of the skippers tested returned an on-site positive during waterside testing, 125 were confirmed positive for one or more illicit drug by subsequent laboratory analysis, whilst one skipper did not provide an oral fluid sample for confirmatory analysis...
July 31, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795923/menstrual-hygiene-management-among-adolescent-schoolgirls-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-research-priorities
#8
Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Bethany Caruso, Belen Torondel, Garazi Zulaika, Murat Sahin, Marni Sommer
Background A lack of adequate guidance on menstrual management; water, disposal, and private changing facilities; and sanitary hygiene materials in low- and middle-income countries leaves schoolgirls with limited options for healthy personal hygiene during monthly menses. While a plethora of observational studies have described how menstrual hygiene management (MHM) barriers in school impact girls' dignity, well-being, and engagement in school activities, studies have yet to confirm if inadequate information and facilities for MHM significantly affects quantifiable school and health outcomes influencing girls' life chances...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793025/environmental-aspects-related-to-tuberculosis-and-intestinal-parasites-in-a-low-income-community-of-the-brazilian-amazon
#9
Biatriz Araújo Cardoso, Fabio de Oliveira Fonseca, Antonio Henrique Almeida de Moraes, Ana Caroline Guedes Souza Martins, Nissa Vilhena da Silva Oliveira, Luana Nepomuceno Gondim Costa Lima, George Alberto da Silva Dias, Maria Helena Féres Saad
We carried out a cross-sectional study from January to December 2015 on 1,425 inhabitants from a floating population in the Brazilian Amazon (Murinin district, Pará State) to describe the population-based prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) from 2011 to 2014, recent TB contacts (rCts) latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (LTBI) , the coverage of the local health network, socio-environmental factors, and frequency of intestinal parasitic infection (IPI). We found that the sanitary structure was inadequate, with latrines being shared with other rooms within the same accommodation; well water was the main source of water, and 48% of families had low incomes...
August 7, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789627/using-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-to-assess-access-to-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-services-in-a-refugee-camp-setting-in-south-sudan-a-feasibility-study
#10
Elizabeth Harding, Colin Beckworth, Jean-Francois Fesselet, Annick Lenglet, Richard Lako, Joseph J Valadez
BACKGROUND: Humanitarian agencies working in refugee camp settings require rapid assessment methods to measure the needs of the populations they serve. Due to the high level of dependency of refugees, agencies need to carry out these assessments. Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) is a method commonly used in development settings to assess populations living in a project catchment area to identify their greatest needs. LQAS could be well suited to serve the needs of refugee populations, but it has rarely been used in humanitarian settings...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782094/comparative-sem-analysis-of-nine-f22-aligner-cleaning-strategies
#11
Luca Lombardo, Marco Martini, Francesca Cervinara, Giorgio Alfredo Spedicato, Teresa Oliverio, Giuseppe Siciliani
BACKGROUND: The orthodontics industry has paid great attention to the aesthetics of orthodontic appliances, seeking to make them as invisible as possible. There are several advantages to clear aligner systems, including aesthetics, comfort, chairside time reduction, and the fact that they can be removed for meals and oral hygiene procedures. METHODS: Five patients were each given a series of F22 aligners, each to be worn for 14 days and nights, with the exception of meal and brushing times...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771158/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-practice-and-associated-factors-among-hiv-infected-people-in-arba-minch-town-southern-ethiopia
#12
Desta Haftu, Gebrekiros Gebremichael, Desalegn Ajema, Genet Gedamu, Eskezyiaw Agedew
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected people have substantially greater need for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Many opportunistic infections cause high morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV (PLHIV) than in immune competent populations. The objective of the study was to assess WASH practices and associated factors among PLHIV. A cross-sectional study design was conducted. Bivariate and multivariate logistic model was employed. According to this study, 97 (23.5%) of the households have unimproved water status, 221 (53...
August 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768518/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-infrastructure-and-quality-in-rural-healthcare-facilities-in-rwanda
#13
Alexandra Huttinger, Robert Dreibelbis, Felix Kayigamba, Fidel Ngabo, Leodomir Mfura, Brittney Merryweather, Amelie Cardon, Christine Moe
BACKGROUND: WHO and UNICEF have proposed an action plan to achieve universal water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) coverage in healthcare facilities (HCFs) by 2030. The WASH targets and indicators for HCFs include: an improved water source on the premises accessible to all users, basic sanitation facilities, a hand washing facility with soap and water at all sanitation facilities and patient care areas. To establish viable targets for WASH in HCFs, investigation beyond 'access' is needed to address the state of WASH infrastructure and service provision...
August 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764758/does-depression-moderate-handwashing-in-children
#14
Jurgita Slekiene, Hans-Joachim Mosler
BACKGROUND: Although diarrheal diseases are preventable and treatable, they are the leading cause of child mortality and morbidity as a consequence of poor hygiene and contaminated water. Handwashing with soap is an effective method for preventing and decreasing the incidence of diarrhea. However, mental disorders such as depression can substantially moderate an individual's ability to cope with daily life and can exert a negative influence on daily hygiene activities such as handwashing with soap, especially in children...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764669/determinants-of-childhood-stunting-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-further-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-survey-2013-14
#15
Hallgeir Kismul, Pawan Acharya, Mala Ali Mapatano, Anne Hatløy
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of child stunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among the highest in the world. There is a need to systematically investigate how stunting operates at different levels of determination and identify major factors contributing to the development of stunting. The aim of this study was to look for key determinants of stunting in the DRC. METHODS: This study used data from the DRC Demographic Health Survey 2013-14 which included anthropometric measurement for 9030 under 5 year children...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759580/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-yaws-and-yaws-like-skin-disease-in-ghana
#16
Michael Marks, Cynthia Kwakye-Maclean, Rachel Doherty, Paul Adwere, Abdul Aziz Abdulai, Fredrick Duah, Sally-Ann Ohene, Oriol Mitja, Blanche Oguti, Anthony W Solomon, David C W Mabey, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Kingsley Asiedu, Mercy M Ackumey
INTRODUCTION: Yaws is endemic in Ghana. The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a new global eradication campaign based on total community mass treatment with azithromycin. Achieving high coverage of mass treatment will be fundamental to the success of this new strategy; coverage is dependent, in part, on appropriate community mobilisation. An understanding of community knowledge, attitudes and practices related to yaws in Ghana and other endemic countries will be vital in designing effective community engagement strategies...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757589/influence-of-socioeconomic-status-on-knowledge-of-obesity-and-diabetes-among-adolescents-in-chennai-south-india
#17
Pranati Panuganti, T S Mehreen, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan, E Mayer-Davis, Harish Ranjani
The Obesity Reduction and Awareness of Non-communicable disease through Group Education (ORANGE) Phase II program, is a school-based intervention aimed at healthy lifestyle practices for sixth and seventh grade adolescents (n = 2345) attending private (n = 1811) and government (n = 534) schools in Chennai. The objectives of this paper are (a) to describe the intervention activities and their outcomes qualitatively and (b) to report changes in body mass index (BMI) of the intervention group participants. This intervention strategy used a teacher-peer-training model in each school for long-term sustainability of the lessons learned from this program...
July 25, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753609/correction-use-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-and-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-safe-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-a-long-standing-refugee-camp-thailand-2012-2014
#18
Heather M Scobie, Christina R Phares, Kathleen A Wannemuehler, Edith Nyangoma, Eboni M Taylor, Anna Fulton, Nuttapong Wongjindanon, Naw Rody Aung, Philippe Travers, Kashmira Date
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005210.].
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749764/use-of-serologic-responses-against-enteropathogens-to-assess-the-impact-of-a-point-of-use-water-filter-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-western-province-rwanda
#19
Laura Divens Zambrano, Jeffrey W Priest, Emil Ivan, John Rusine, Corey Nagel, Miles Kirby, Ghislaine Rosa, Thomas F Clasen
Diarrhea is a leading contributor to childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Given the challenge of blinding most water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions, diarrheal disease outcome measures in WASH intervention trials are subject to potential bias and misclassification. Using the platform of a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a household-based drinking water filter in western province, Rwanda, we assessed the impact of the drinking water filter on enteric seroconversion in young children as a health outcome and examined the association between serological responses and caregiver-reported diarrhea...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749247/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-hygiene-promotion-program-in-a-rural-salvadoran-setting
#20
Elizabeth L Andrade, Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Mark C Edberg, Kathryn L Zoerhoff, Emily M Putzer
There has been considerable progress in the reduction of diarrheal disease among children under five through health and nutrition interventions. However, diarrheal disease is still the second leading cause of child death worldwide. There is growing recognition that comprehensive hygiene behavior improvements should be integral to prevention efforts, but the effectiveness of different approaches for hygiene promotion is still being established. Hygiene risk practices vary across settings, suggesting that prevention strategies should be adapted to local contexts using community-based approaches...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
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