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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524114/bath-ambience-a-mechatronic-system-for-assisting-the-caregivers-of-bedridden-people
#1
Karolina Bezerra, José Machado, Vítor Carvalho, Marcelo Castro, Pedro Costa, Demétrio Matos, Filomena Soares
The health of older people is receiving special attention and dedication nowadays, with the aim of increasing their general wellbeing and quality of life. Studies into different aspects of the care of the elderly have found that emphasis should be given to solving problems related to bathing in different situations and environments. In particular, it is important to develop new assistive technologies to streamline and ease the burden of a caregiver's daily tasks. Generally-speaking, in the case of bedridden patients, bathing is typically carried out manually by a caregiver, using towels, sponges, and a water basin...
May 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520856/control-of-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-by-a-novel-bundle-including-remodeling-of-sanitary-and-water-supply-systems
#2
A Kossow, S Kampmeier, S Willems, W E Berdel, A H Groll, B Burckhardt, Rossig C, C Groth, E A Idelevich, F Kipp, A Mellmann, M Stelljes
Background.: Infections by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDRPa) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Humid environments can serve as a reservoir and source of infection by this pathogen. To minimize the risk of infection from these reservoirs, we performed extensive remodeling of sanitation and water installations as the focus of our hygiene bundle. Methods.: During the reconstruction of our transplantation unit (April 2011- April 2014) we implemented several technical modifications to reduce environmental contamination by and subsequent spreading of MDRPa, including a newly designed shower drain, disinfecting siphons underneath the sinks, and rimless toilets...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511602/evaluation-of-student-handwashing-practices-during-a-school-based-hygiene-program-in-rural-western-kenya-2007
#3
Genevieve La Con, Katharine Schilling, Julie Harris, Bobbie Person, Mercy Owuor, Lorraine Ogange, Sitnah Faith, Robert Quick
Unsafe drinking water and inadequate handwashing facilities in primary schools increase the risk of absenteeism due to diarrhea and respiratory infections. To mitigate these risks, we provided 28 schools in rural Western Kenya with handwashing and drinking water stations (containers with lids and taps on metal stands), bleach for water treatment, soap for handwashing, and educational materials. We observed the use of the water stations and assessed teachers' attitudes toward the intervention. Of 151 total handwashing stations, 69 (59%) were observed to have soap and water and treated drinking water 4 months after implementation; observations of pupils showed an increase in handwashing behavior in water stations located < 10 m, as compared with those >10 m, from latrines ( p < ...
January 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507890/hand-washing-with-soap-and-wash-educational-intervention-reduces-under-five-childhood-diarrhoea-incidence-in-jigjiga-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Abdiwahab Hashi, Abera Kumie, Janvier Gasana
Despite the tremendous achievement in reducing child mortality and morbidity in the last two decades, diarrhoea is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality among children in many developing countries, including Ethiopia. Hand washing with soap promotion, water quality improvements and improvements in excreta disposal significantly reduces diarrhoeal diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of hand washing with soap and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) educational Intervention on the incidence of under-five children diarrhoea...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507618/correlation-between-soil-transmitted-helminth-infection-and-eosinophil-levels-among-primary-school-children-in-medan
#5
Dewi Masyithah Darlan, Zaimah Z Tala, Cellya Amanta, Syah Mirsya Warli, Nurfida K Arrasyid
BACKGROUND: Soil Transmitted Helminth infection is one of most prevalent health problems worldwide, especially in environments with poor sanitation. Based on World Health Organisation (WHO) data, more than 2 billion people, or 24% of the world's population, are infected with intestinal parasite. The highest prevalence is located in areas of poor sanitation and unsafe water supplies. In Indonesia, the prevalence of parasite infections is 15% of the entire population. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Soil Transmitted Helminth infection on levels of eosinophils among primary school children...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506307/intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-its-association-with-undernutrition-and-cd4-t-cell-levels-among-hiv-aids-patients-on-haart-in-butajira-ethiopia
#6
Dereje Gedle, Gemechu Kumera, Tewodros Eshete, Kasahun Ketema, Haweni Adugna, Fetuma Feyera
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections and HIV/AIDS have been the major public health problems and remain a vital cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Both problems are linked in a vicious cycle. The magnitude of intestinal parasites was prevalent among people living with HIV/AIDS even in the HAART era. However, the pertinent risk factors associated with intestinal parasites among HIV/AIDS patients were not well investigated in Ethiopia particularly at Butajira town...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506274/contextual-and-psychosocial-factors-predicting-ebola-prevention-behaviours-using-the-ranas-approach-to-behaviour-change-in-guinea-bissau
#7
Anna E Gamma, Jurgita Slekiene, Gregor von Medeazza, Fredrik Asplund, Placido Cardoso, Hans-Joachim Mosler
BACKGROUND: The outbreak of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa in December 2013 was the largest Ebola outbreak in history. This study aimed to measure the underlying contextual and psychosocial factors of intentions to perform Ebola prevention behaviours (not touching people who might be suffering from Ebola, reporting suspected cases to the National Ebola Hotline, NEH) in Guinea-Bissau. Geographical location, cross-border market activities, poor water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) conditions, and burial practices in some communities pose a serious risk in terms of potential EVD outbreak and seriously hamper its prevention in Guinea-Bissau...
May 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506258/health-care-waste-management-in-community-based-care-experiences-of-community-health-workers-in-low-resource-communities-in-south-africa
#8
Lydia Hangulu, Olagoke Akintola
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, community health workers (CHWs) working in community-based care (CBC) programmes provide care to patients most of whom are living with HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (TB). Although studies have shown that the caregiving activities provided by the CHWs generate health care waste (HCW), there is limited information about the experiences of CHWs on health care waste management (HCWM) in CBC. This study explored HCWM in CBC in Durban, South Africa from the perspectives CHWs...
May 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485220/menstrual-hygiene-management-among-adolescent-girls-in-sub-saharan-africa
#9
Derrick Ssewanyana, Byron Kiiza Yafesi Bitanihirwe
Menstruation is a delicate physiological process through which a shedding of uterine lining occurs each month in females of reproductive age. Often considered a taboo subject, menstruation is seldom openly discussed in developing parts of the world. This article explores menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in sub-Saharan Africa and emphasizes the urgent and neglected need for feasible solutions, especially among adolescent girls. Optimizing menstrual hygiene interventions will require an integration of both knowledge and skill training gained through education on MHM alongside an improvement of access to girl-friendly water, sanitation and hygiene facilities in addition to access to low-cost hygienic sanitary products...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482991/efficacy-of-warm-showers-on-postpartum-fatigue-among-vaginal-birth-taiwanese-women-a-quasi-experimental-design
#10
Ching-Hsing Hsieh, Chien-Lan Chen, Feng-Fang Chung, Su-Ying Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postpartum fatigue is one of the most common complaints among women following childbirth. As a postpartum ritual practice, Taiwanese women refrain from taking showers while "doing the month." However, warm showers are the systemic application of moist heat, and they maintain physical hygiene, stimulate blood circulation, mitigate discomfort, and provide relaxation. As Taiwanese society becomes increasingly receptive to scientific and contemporary health care practice, more and more women choose to take warm showers after childbirth...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476170/provision-versus-promotion-to-develop-a-handwashing-station-the-effect-on-desired-handwashing-behavior
#11
Debashish Biswas, Fosiul Alam Nizame, Tina Sanghvi, Sumitro Roy, Stephen P Luby, Leanne E Unicomb
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea prevalence increases from around the time that complementary foods are introduced. Improving caregiver's hand hygiene during food preparation could reduce complementary food contamination and enteric pathogen transmission. Washing hands with soap is more common when water and soap are together at a convenient location. We conducted a three-month pilot intervention to evaluate two options for setting up handwashing stations: i) provide a handwashing station, or ii) help the family to make their own from available materials...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468870/evidence-based-approaches-to-childhood-stunting-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
Muttaquina Hossain, Nuzhat Choudhury, Khaleda Adib Binte Abdullah, Prasenjit Mondal, Alan A Jackson, Judd Walson, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: We systematically evaluated health and nutrition programmes to identify context-specific interventional packages that might help to prioritise the implementation of programmes for reducing stunting in low and middle income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Electronic databases were used to systematically review the literature published between 1980 and 2015. Additional articles were identified from the reference lists and grey literature. Programmes were identified in which nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions had been implemented for children under 5 years of age in LMICs...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459616/effect-of-water-activity-on-the-thermal-tolerance-and-survival-of-salmonella-enterica-serovars-tennessee-and-senftenberg-in-goat-s-milk-caramel
#13
Oscar Acosta, Jessie Usaga, John J Churey, Randy W Worobo, Olga I Padilla-Zakour
The low thermal tolerance of Salmonella enterica in foods with intermediate moisture levels, such as caramel sauces, ensures that mild heat treatment is sufficient to achieve 5-log reductions of this pathogen. This treatment mitigates the risk posed by salmonellae in raw materials; however, recontamination might occur because of survival of the pathogen in products that are not heated before consumption. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of water activity (aw) on the thermal tolerance and survival of S...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453591/-the-impact-of-tap-water-fluoridation-on-human-health
#14
Verena Romero, Frances J Norris, Juvenal A Ríos, Isel Cortés, Andrea González, Leonardo Gaete, Andrei N Tchernitchin
The purpose of this review is to describe the osteological, neurological, endocrine and dermatological effects of fluoride ingestion. Additional aims are to evaluate whether the Chilean tap water fluoridation program has had any impact on dental health, and analyze the basis for the Chilean elementary school milk fluoridation program, which is targeted at children living in places where tap water has a fluoride concentration less than 0.3 mg/L, without any artificial fluoridation process. We discuss the finding that both public measures have no direct or remarkable effect on dental health, since topical dental hygiene products are the main and most effective contributors to the prevention of dental decay...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450992/-study-of-the-bacteriological-quality-of-water-used-in-the-agro-food-industry-in-the-north-of-morocco
#15
El Houcine Haijoubi, Fatiha Benyahya, Abdrezzak Bendahou, Faima Zahra Essadqui, Mohammed El Behhari, Ahmed Fouad El Mamoune, Naima Nourouti Ghailani, Mohcine Bennani Mechita, Amina Barakat
INTRODUCTION: Water is used predominantly in food manufacturing process. Northern morocco agro-food industries use different sources of water, but public water and wells water are the main sources of water used. This water can be the main source of possible food contaminations and alterations. This study aims is to assess the bacteriological quality of water used in the agro-food industries in the Northern region of Morocco, to identify the different types of germs responsible for the pollution of these waters and to establish the main causes of this pollution...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435190/prevalence-of-salmonella-in-poultry-processing-environments-in-wet-markets-in-penang-and-perlis-malaysia
#16
Hafiz Nidaullah, Nadarajan Abirami, Ahamed Kamal Shamila-Syuhada, Li-Oon Chuah, Huda Nurul, Teik Pei Tan, Farah Wahida Zainal Abidin, Gulam Rusul
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of various Salmonella serotypes in chickens, carcass contact surfaces as well as environmental samples collected from wet markets and small scale processing plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 182 poultry and environmental samples were collected at random on separate occasions from wet markets and small scale processing plant, during the period of October 2014 to July 2015 in Penang and Perlis, Malaysia...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425945/a-systematic-review-costing-and-financing-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-wash-in-schools
#17
REVIEW
Shannon M McGinnis, Thomas McKeon, Richa Desai, Akudo Ejelonu, Stanley Laskowski, Heather M Murphy
Despite the success of recent efforts to increase access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) globally, approximately one-third of schools around the world still lack adequate WASH services. A lack of WASH in schools can lead to the spread of preventable disease and increase school absences, especially among women. Inadequate financing and budgeting has been named as a key barrier for integrating successful and sustainable WASH programs into school settings. For this reason, the purpose of this review is to describe the current knowledge around the costs of WASH components as well as financing models that could be applied to WASH in schools...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425935/water-access-sanitation-and-hygiene-conditions-and-health-outcomes-among-two-settlement-types-in-rural-far-north-cameroon
#18
Tyler J Gorham, Joshua Yoo, Rebecca Garabed, Arabi Mouhaman, Jiyoung Lee
The Far North region in Cameroon has been more heavily impacted by cholera than any other region over the past decade, but very little has been done to study the drivers of waterborne diseases in the region. We investigated the relationship between water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) parameters, microbial and antibiotic resistance (AR) contamination levels in drinking water, and health outcomes using health survey and molecular analysis during June and July of 2014 in two settlement types (agro-pastoralist villages and transhumant pastoralist camps)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423996/assessing-user-acceptance-towards-automated-and-conventional-sink-use-for-hand-decontamination-using-the-technology-acceptance-model
#19
Carolyn H Dawson, Jamie B Mackrill, Rebecca Cain
Hand hygiene (HH) prevents harmful contaminants spreading in settings including domestic, health care and food handling. Strategies to improve HH range from behavioural techniques through to automated sinks that ensure hand surface cleaning. This study aimed to assess user experience and acceptance towards a new automated sink, compared to a normal sink. An adapted version of the technology acceptance model (TAM) assessed each mode of handwashing. A within-subjects design enabled N = 46 participants to evaluate both sinks...
April 24, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407112/collaborating-to-develop-joint-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-wash-and-neglected-tropical-disease-ntd-sector-monitoring-an-expert-consultation
#20
Robyn C Waite, Geordie Woods, Yael Velleman, Matthew C Freeman
Background: Joint monitoring between the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and neglected tropical disease (NTD) sectors presents an opportunity for enhanced collaboration and progress towards shared objectives. Taking forward outputs from global WASH and NTD Roundtables, we engaged experts in a consultative process of identifying measurable priority indicators for joint monitoring. Methods: We used a Delphi method for conducting expert consultation and developing consensus...
April 12, 2017: International Health
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