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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323462/scaling-up-a-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-program-in-rural-bangladesh-the-role-of-program-implementation
#1
Jade Benjamin-Chung, Sonia Sultana, Amal K Halder, Mohammed Ali Ahsan, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby, John M Colford
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the quality of implementation of a water, sanitation, and hygiene program called SHEWA-B and delivered by UNICEF to 20 million people in rural Bangladesh was associated with health behaviors and sanitation infrastructure access. METHODS: We surveyed 33 027 households targeted by SHEWA-B and 1110 SHEWA-B hygiene promoters in 2011 and 2012. We developed an implementation quality index and compared the probability of health behaviors and sanitation infrastructure access in counterfactual scenarios over the range of implementation quality...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316948/denture-care-practices-and-perceived-denture-status-among-complete-denture-wearers
#2
Krishnam Raju V Kosuru, Ganji Devi, Vikram Grandhi, Kumar K Prasan, Manoj K Yasangi, Mannem Dhanalakshmi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Considerable importance to oral health care was lacking in India, and oral health neglect continues to exist, which is evident in the low utilization rates and poor oral health status. Conventional dentures are the most common alternative in restoration of lost teeth. Without proper denture care practices, there is an increased risk of developing a multitude of problems. The aim of this study is to assess the denture care practices among complete denture wearers in East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314746/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial-assessing-the-impact-of-a-community-level-hygiene-intervention-and-a-water-intervention-using-riverbank-filtration-technology-on-diarrhoeal-prevalence-in-india
#3
Sarah L McGuinness, Joanne E O'Toole, Thomas B Boving, Andrew B Forbes, Martha Sinclair, Sumit K Gautam, Karin Leder
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death globally, mostly occurring as a result of insufficient or unsafe water supplies, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. Our study aims to investigate the impact of a community-level hygiene education program and a water quality intervention using riverbank filtration (RBF) technology on diarrhoeal prevalence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We have designed a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial to estimate the health impacts of our intervention in 4 rural villages in Karnataka, India...
March 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302312/cholera
#4
REVIEW
John D Clemens, G Balakrish Nair, Tahmeed Ahmed, Firdausi Qadri, Jan Holmgren
Cholera is an acute, watery diarrhoeal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae of the O1 or O139 serogroups. In the past two centuries, cholera has emerged and spread from the Ganges Delta six times and from Indonesia once to cause global pandemics. Rational approaches to the case management of cholera with oral and intravenous rehydration therapy have reduced the case fatality of cholera from more than 50% to much less than 1%. Despite improvements in water quality, sanitation, and hygiene, as well as in the clinical treatment of cholera, the disease is still estimated to cause about 100 000 deaths every year...
March 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291668/under-utilization-of-taps-in-intensive-care-unit-as-a-cause-of-reservoirs-of-nonfermenting-gram-negative-bacilli
#5
Gonzalo de-Las-Casas-Cámara, María Dolores Martín-Ríos, Maria Isabel Adillo-Montero, María Carmen Muñoz-Egea, Javier Zapardiel-Ferrero, Concepción Pérez-Jorge Peremarch
INTRODUCTION: The under-utilisation of taps is associated with the generation of reservoirs of non-fermenting gram-negative bacilli with the ability to disseminate. We describe the detection and approach of the problem in an ICU. METHODS: Observational descriptive study in an ICU with individual cubicles with their own sink. We collected clinical samples from patients and environmental samples from tap aerators and reviewed the unit's hygiene measures. RESULTS: We detected four cases due to Chryseobacterium indologenes, one to Elizabethkingia meningoseptica and another to Pseudomonas aeruginosa; they were identified both in clinical and the environmental samples...
March 10, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290317/single-step-non-thermal-cleaning-sanitation-of-knives-used-in-meat-industry-with-ultrasound
#6
Carla Cristina Bauermann Brasil, Juliano Smanioto Barin, Eduardo Jacob-Lopes, Cristiano Ragagnin Menezes, Leila Queiroz Zepka, Roger Wagner, Paulo Cezar Bastianello Campagnol, Alexandre José Cichoski
The combination of ultrasound (US) with chlorinated water (CW) and neutral detergent (ND) for simultaneous cleaning and sanitation of knives used during cattle slaughter was evaluated as a novel non thermal treatment. The US mode of operation, detergent concentration and time of treatment were studied and the results were compared with the conventional sanitation method used in meat industries. The conventional sanitation method promoted a decrease (p<0.05) in the counts of mesophiles, Enterobacteriaceae, molds and yeasts, and a similar behavior was observed for US+CW (2...
January 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288154/epidemiology-of-cholera-outbreaks-and-socio-economic-characteristics-of-the-communities-in-the-fishing-villages-of-uganda-2011-2015
#7
Godfrey Bwire, Aline Munier, Issaka Ouedraogo, Leonard Heyerdahl, Henry Komakech, Atek Kagirita, Richard Wood, Raymond Mhlanga, Berthe Njanpop-Lafourcade, Mugagga Malimbo, Issa Makumbi, Jennifer Wandawa, Bradford D Gessner, Christopher Garimoi Orach, Martin A Mengel
BACKGROUND: The communities in fishing villages in the Great Lakes Region of Africa and particularly in Uganda experience recurrent cholera outbreaks that lead to considerable mortality and morbidity. We evaluated cholera epidemiology and population characteristics in the fishing villages of Uganda to better target prevention and control interventions on cholera and contribute to its elimination from those communities. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We conducted a prospective study between 2011-15 in fishing villages in Uganda...
March 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280394/addressing-intravaginal-practices-in-women-with-hiv-and-at-risk-for-hiv-infection-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#8
Maria L Alcaide, Violeta J Rodriguez, Margaret A Fischl, Deborah L Jones, Stephen M Weiss
Intravaginal practices (IVPs), include intravaginal cleansing (cleansing the inside of the vagina) or intravaginal insertion of products for hygiene, health or sexuality reasons. IVPs are associated with adverse female health outcomes, development of bacterial vaginosis, HIV acquisition and transmission. A mixed methods approach was used in this study to examine the prevalence of IVP, assess reasons for engagement, and perceptions of IVP among a sample of minority (African-American and Hispanic) women infected, or at-risk, for HIV in Miami, USA, a city with increasing numbers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278161/examining-the-relationship-between-socio-economic-status-wash-practices-and-wasting
#9
Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Sabiha Sultana, Md Ahshanul Haque, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Jillian L Waid, Ben McCormick, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
Childhood wasting is a global problem and is significantly more pronounced in low and middle income countries like Bangladesh. Socio Economic Status (SES) and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) practices may be significantly associated with wasting. Most previous research is consistent about the role of SES, but the significance of WASH in the context of wasting remains ambiguous. The effect of SES and WASH on weight for length (WHZ) is examined using a Structural Equation Model (SEM) to explicitly describe the direct and indirect role of WASH in the context of SES...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277466/early-results-of-surgical-management-of-camptodactyly
#10
Brady T Evans, Peter M Waters, Donald S Bae
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that surgery for moderate-to-severe camptodactyly (>50 degrees) results in modest gains in range of motion and improved digital position. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing surgery for camptodactyly at a tertiary children's hospital between 2000 and 2014 was performed. Surgery was indicated for patients with persistent, functionally limiting flexion contractures despite observation, therapy, and splinting. Data were collected on demographics, clinical history and presentation, nonoperative management, surgery, and clinical follow-up, focusing on range of motion at the involved joint...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271150/german-water-infrastructure-in-china-colonial-qingdao-1898-1914
#11
Agnes Kneitz
Within the colorful tapestry of colonial possessions the German empire acquired over the short period of its existence, Qingdao stands out because it fulfilled a different role from settlements in Africa-especially because of its exemplary planned water infrastructure: its technological model, the resulting (public) hygiene, and the adjunct brewery. The National Naval Office (Reichsmarineamt), which oversaw the administration of the future "harbour colony"-at first little more than a little fishing village-enjoyed a remarkable degree of freedom in implementing this project...
March 7, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264075/correction-a-long-way-to-go-estimates-of-combined-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-coverage-for-25-sub-saharan-african-countries
#12
Rachel Roche, Robert Bain, Oliver Cumming
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0171783.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259049/survey-of-attitudes-and-practices-of-irish-nursing-students-towards-hand-hygiene-including-handrubbing-with-alcohol-based-hand-rub
#13
Liz M Kingston, Nuala H O'Connell, Colum P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is widely recognised as the most important measure a healthcare worker can take in preventing the spread of healthcare associated infections. As a member of the healthcare team, nursing students have direct patient contact during clinical practice; hence, good hand hygiene practice among nursing students is essential. Low to moderate levels of hand hygiene knowledge and poor attitudes and practices are reported among nursing students. However, less is known about their attitudes and practices of handrubbing with ABHR, even though handrubbing is the recommended optimum practice in most situations...
February 27, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257715/an-assessment-of-diarrhea-among-long-distance-backpackers-in-the-sierra-nevada
#14
Derek J Meyer, Amber Costantino, Susanne Spano
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhea is a common problem among long-distance backpackers, ranging in overall incidence from 11-56% as reported by previous studies on the Appalachian Trail and Long Trail. Differences in age, sex, and regularity of standard backcountry hygiene recommendations and practices have been shown to significantly affect the incidence of diarrhea. No study to date has investigated these trends among long-distance backpackers on the John Muir Trail (JMT) in the Sierra Nevada mountain range of California...
March 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256808/farm-level-survey-of-spore-forming-bacteria-on-four-dairy-farms-in-the-waikato-region-of-new-zealand
#15
Tanushree B Gupta, Gale Brightwell
The aim of our study was to determine the occurrence and diversity of economically important spore-forming bacteria in New Zealand dairy farm systems. Farm dairy effluent (FDE) collected from Waikato dairy farms were tested for the presence of spore-forming bacteria, using a new culture-based methodology followed by genomic analysis. An enrichment step in which samples were inoculated in cooked meat glucose starch broth under anaerobic conditions, aided in the differential isolation of Bacillus and Clostridium species...
March 3, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251888/increase-in-outbreaks-of-gastroenteritis-linked-to-bathing-water-in-finland-in-summer-2014
#16
Ari Kauppinen, Haider Al-Hello, Outi Zacheus, Jaana Kilponen, Leena Maunula, Sari Huusko, Maija Lappalainen, Ilkka Miettinen, Soile Blomqvist, Ruska Rimhanen-Finne
An increased number of suspected outbreaks of gastroenteritis linked to bathing water were reported to the Finnish food- and waterborne outbreak (FWO) registry in July and August 2014. The investigation reports were assessed by a national outbreak investigation panel. Eight confirmed outbreaks were identified among the 15 suspected outbreaks linked to bathing water that had been reported to the FWO registry. According to the outbreak investigation reports, 1,453 persons fell ill during these outbreaks. Epidemiological and microbiological data revealed noroviruses as the main causative agents...
February 23, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251432/impact-of-caries-and-dental-fluorosis-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study-in-schoolchildren-receiving-water-naturally-fluoridated-at-above-optimal-levels
#17
Álvaro García-Pérez, María Esther Irigoyen-Camacho, S Aída Borges-Yáñez, Marco Antonio Zepeda-Zepeda, Irvin Bolona-Gallardo, Gerardo Maupomé
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of caries and fluorosis on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among schoolchildren living in areas with high concentrations of fluoride in water. METHODS: Five hundred and twenty-four schoolchildren (8-12 year olds) residing in rural communities in central Mexico were examined for oral hygiene, caries (International Caries Detection and Assessment System, ICDAS II), and fluorosis (Thylstrup and Fejerskov Index, TFI)...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249610/mapping-the-knowledge-and-understanding-of-menarche-menstrual-hygiene-and-menstrual-health-among-adolescent-girls-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
REVIEW
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Sheila Vipul Patel
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a natural physiological process that requires proper management. Unlike other normal bodily processes, menstruation is linked with religious and cultural meanings that can affect the perceptions of young girls as well as the ways in which the adults in the communities around them respond to their needs. OBJECTIVES: This review aims to answer the following questions: (1) how knowledgeable are adolescent girls in low- and middle-income countries about menstruation and how prepared are they for reaching menarche, (2) who are their sources of information regarding menstruation, (3) how well do the adults around them respond to their information needs, (4) what negative health and social effects do adolescents experience as a result of menstruation, and (5) how do adolescents respond when they experience these negative effects and what practices do they develop as a result? METHODS: Using a structured search strategy, articles that investigate young girls' preparedness for menarche, knowledge of menstruation and practices surrounding menstrual hygiene in LMIC were identified...
March 1, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244578/water-safety-in-healthcare-facilities-the-vieste-charter
#19
L Bonadonna, M Cannarozzi de Grazia, S Capolongo, B Casini, M L Cristina, G Daniele, D D'Alessandro, O De Giglio, A Di Benedetto, G Di Vittorio, E Ferretti, B Frascolla, G La Rosa, L La Sala, M G Lopuzzo, L Lucentini, M T Montagna, U Moscato, C Pasquarella, R Prencipe, M L Ricci, V Romano Spica, C Signorelli, E Veschetti
The Study Group on Hospital Hygiene of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (GISIO-SItI) and the Local Health Authority of Foggia, Apulia, Italy, after the National Convention "Safe water in healthcare facilities" held in Vieste-Pugnochiuso on 27-28 May 2016, present the "Vieste Charter", drawn up in collaboration with experts from the National Institute of Health and the Ministry of Health. This paper considers the risk factors that may affect the water safety in healthcare facilities and reports the current regulatory frameworks governing the management of installations and the quality of the water...
March 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238610/improving-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools-in-indonesia-a-cross-sectional-assessment-on-sustaining-infrastructural-and-behavioral-interventions
#20
Andrew J Karon, Aidan A Cronin, Ryan Cronk, Reza Hendrawan
Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in schools are important for child health, development, and educational performance; yet coverage in Indonesian schools remains low. To address this deficiency, UNICEF and partners conducted a WASH intervention in 450 schools across three provinces in Indonesia. A survey evaluating the sustainability of infrastructure and behavioral interventions in comparison to control districts was conducted one year after completion of the intervention. The survey data were also compared with national government data to assess the suitability of government data to report progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...
February 12, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
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