keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

water hygiene

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425945/a-systematic-review-costing-and-financing-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-wash-in-schools
#1
REVIEW
Shannon M McGinnis, Thomas McKeon, Richa Desai, Akudo Ejelonu, Stanley Laskowski, Heather M Murphy
Despite the success of recent efforts to increase access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) globally, approximately one-third of schools around the world still lack adequate WASH services. A lack of WASH in schools can lead to the spread of preventable disease and increase school absences, especially among women. Inadequate financing and budgeting has been named as a key barrier for integrating successful and sustainable WASH programs into school settings. For this reason, the purpose of this review is to describe the current knowledge around the costs of WASH components as well as financing models that could be applied to WASH in schools...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425935/water-access-sanitation-and-hygiene-conditions-and-health-outcomes-among-two-settlement-types-in-rural-far-north-cameroon
#2
Tyler J Gorham, Joshua Yoo, Rebecca Garabed, Arabi Mouhaman, Jiyoung Lee
The Far North region in Cameroon has been more heavily impacted by cholera than any other region over the past decade, but very little has been done to study the drivers of waterborne diseases in the region. We investigated the relationship between water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) parameters, microbial and antibiotic resistance (AR) contamination levels in drinking water, and health outcomes using health survey and molecular analysis during June and July of 2014 in two settlement types (agro-pastoralist villages and transhumant pastoralist camps)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423996/assessing-user-acceptance-towards-automated-and-conventional-sink-use-for-hand-decontamination-using-the-technology-acceptance-model
#3
Carolyn Dawson, Jamie Mackrill, Rebecca Cain
Hand hygiene (HH) prevents harmful contaminants spreading in settings including domestic, healthcare and food handling. Strategies to improve HH range from behavioural techniques through to automated sinks that ensure hand surface cleaning. This study aimed to assess user experience and acceptance towards a new automated sink, compared to a normal sink. An adapted version of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) assessed each mode of handwashing. A within-subjects design enabled N=46 participants to evaluate both sinks...
April 20, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407112/collaborating-to-develop-joint-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-wash-and-neglected-tropical-disease-ntd-sector-monitoring-an-expert-consultation
#4
Robyn C Waite, Geordie Woods, Yael Velleman, Matthew C Freeman
Background: Joint monitoring between the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and neglected tropical disease (NTD) sectors presents an opportunity for enhanced collaboration and progress towards shared objectives. Taking forward outputs from global WASH and NTD Roundtables, we engaged experts in a consultative process of identifying measurable priority indicators for joint monitoring. Methods: We used a Delphi method for conducting expert consultation and developing consensus...
April 12, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407003/assessment-of-the-implementation-of-community-led-total-sanitation-hygiene-and-associated-factors-in-diretiyara-district-eastern-ethiopia
#5
Roba Argaw Tessema
Based on the sustainable development goals, the United Nations plans to achieve equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and to end open defecation by 2030. In Ethiopia, 60% to 80% of health problems are due to communicable diseases attributable to unsafe water supply, unhygienic and unsanitary waste management, which are directly linked to the practice of open defecation. This study has aimed at assessing the implementation of community-led total sanitation and hygiene (CLTSH) and associated factors. A community-based cross-sectional study design involving 420 of the 7,225 households found in Diretiyara district was conducted in June 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406405/risk-factors-of-cholera-transmission-in-rural-areas-in-haiti
#6
P Gazin, R Barrais, F Uwineza
Cholera, present in Haiti since October 2010, persisted in early 2014 in several places, each with its own particular epidemiological characteristics. The scarcity of fresh water probably contributed to the spread of the disease in some rural areas. Population gatherings in places without an access to either safe water or sanitation infrastructure were another factor. Outreach activities of hygiene promotion and improving access to chlorinated water had positive results. The disappearance of choléra in areas where effective preventive actions were conducted supports the conclusion that its transmission is predominantly interhuman, without the sustainable installation of the pathogenic Vibrio in the Haitian environment...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386472/comprehensive-survey-of-intestinal-microbiota-changes-in-offspring-of-human-microbiota-associated-mice
#7
Eliane von Klitzing, Fulya Öz, Ira Ekmekciu, Ulrike Escher, Stefan Bereswill, Markus M Heimesaat
Secondary abiotic mice generated by broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment provide a valuable tool for association studies with microbiota derived from different vertebrate hosts. We here generated human microbiota-associated (hma) mice by human fecal microbiota transplantation of secondary abiotic mice and performed a comprehensive survey of the intestinal microbiota dynamics in offspring of hma mice over 18 weeks following weaning as compared to their mothers applying both cultural and molecular methods. Mice were maintained under standard hygienic conditions with open cages, handled under aseptic conditions, and fed autoclaved chow and water...
March 2017: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382192/bacteriological-aspects-of-hand-washing-a-key-for-health-promotion-and-infections-control
#8
REVIEW
Ramezan Ali Ataee, Mohammad Hosein Ataee, Ali Mehrabi Tavana, Mahmud Salesi
The aim of this review is to show the historical aspects of hands washing for healthy life and explains how can reduce the transmission of community-acquired infectious agents by healthcare workers and patients. This review article is prepared based on available database. The key words used were hands washing, risk assessment, hands hygiene, bacterial flora, contamination, infection, nosocomial, tap water, sanitizer, bacterial resistance, hands bacterial flora, washing methods, antiseptics, healthcare workers, healthcare personnel, from PubMed, ScienceDirect, Embase, Scopus, Web of Sciences, and Google Scholar...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381246/-fit-for-school-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programme-to-improve-child-health-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-cambodia-indonesia-and-lao-pdr
#9
Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong, Habib Benzian
BACKGROUND: The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper describes the findings of a Health Outcome Study, which aimed to assess the two-year effect of the FIT programme on the parasitological, weight, and oral health status of children attending schools implementing the programme in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. METHODS: The study was a non-randomized clustered controlled trial with a follow-up period of two years...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369398/oral-streptococcal-endocarditis-oral-hygiene-habits-and-recent-dental-procedures-a-case-control-study
#10
Xavier Duval, Sarah Millot, Catherine Chirouze, Christine Selton-Suty, Vanessa Moby, Pierre Tattevin, Christophe Strady, Edouard Euvrard, Nelly Agrinier, Daniel Thomas, Bruno Hoen, François Alla
Aims: To compare oral hygiene habits, oro-dental status, and dental procedures in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) according to whether the IE-causing microorganism originated in the oral cavity. Methods: We conducted an assessor-blinded case-control study in 6 French tertiary-care hospitals. Oral hygiene habits were recorded using a self-administered questionnaire. Oro-dental status was analysed by trained dental practitioners blinded to the microorganism, using standardized clinical examination and dental panoramic tomography...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367872/detection-method-for-aquatic-bacteria-of-the-fingers-as-a-potential-origin-of-the-aqueous-solution-contamination
#11
Eiichi Osono, Kazumi Honda, Yuki Inoue, Yoshihiko Norose, Megumi Takahashi, Kyoko Ichimura, Chisako Kamano, Eiji Shinya, Shun Takaku, Kentaro Okamatsu, Shinya Kawamoto, Hideaki Takizawa, Hidemi Takahashi
 Aquatic bacteria were isolated from the hands of working staffs by an adapted culture protocol. When the sample solution obtained by the" glove juice method" was incubated for 3 days at room temperature, viable cell counts increased up to 10(5)-fold, and the majority of the isolated colonies were shown to be Gram-negative aquatic bacteria, which carry the risk of contaminating water. Using R2A medium, coagulase-negative staphylococci were the dominant microbes immediately after recovery from the hands. Here it was revealed that bacteria of the phylum Proteobacteria isolated from the hand can be the causative bacteria of aqueous contamination...
2017: Biocontrol Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363965/fresh-produce-microbial-indicator-contamination-on-farms-and-packing-facilities-elucidation-of-environmental-routes
#12
Faith E Bartz, Jacquelyn Sunshine Lickness, Norma Heredia, Anna Fabiszewski de Aceituno, Kira L Newman, Domonique Watson Hodge, Lee-Ann Jaykus, Santos García, Juan S Leon
To improve food safety on farms, it is critical to quantify the impact of environmental microbial contamination sources on fresh produce. However, studies are hampered by difficulties achieving study designs with powered sample sizes to elucidate relationships between environmental and produce contamination. Our goal was to quantify, in the agricultural production environment, the relationship between microbial contamination on hands, soil, and water and contamination on fresh produce. In 11 farms and packing facilities in northern Mexico, we applied a matched study design: composite samples (N=636, equivalent to 11,046 units) of produce rinses were matched to water, soil, and worker hand rinses during two growing seasons...
March 31, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363920/design-and-rationale-of-a-matched-cohort-study-to-assess-the-effectiveness-of-a-combined-household-level-piped-water-and-sanitation-intervention-in-rural-odisha-india
#13
Heather Reese, Parimita Routray, Belen Torondel, Gloria Sclar, Maryann G Delea, Sheela S Sinharoy, Laura Zambrano, Bethany Caruso, Samir R Mishra, Howard H Chang, Thomas Clasen
INTRODUCTION: Government efforts to address massive shortfalls in rural water and sanitation in India have centred on construction of community water sources and toilets for selected households. However, deficiencies with water quality and quantity at the household level and community coverage and actual use of toilets have led Gram Vikas, a local non-governmental organization in Odisha, India, to develop an approach that provides household-level piped water connections contingent on full community-level toilet coverage...
March 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362869/high-prevalence-of-curable-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-pregnant-women-in-a-rural-county-hospital-in-kilifi-kenya
#14
Simon Chengo Masha, Elizabeth Wahome, Mario Vaneechoutte, Piet Cools, Tania Crucitti, Eduard J Sanders
BACKGROUND: Women attending antenatal care (ANC) in resource-limited countries are frequently screened for syphilis and HIV, but rarely for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We assessed the prevalence of curable STIs, defined as infection with either Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Trichomonas vaginalis, from July to September 2015. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, women attending ANC at the Kilifi County Hospital, Kenya, had a urine sample tested for C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362299/towards-a-research-agenda-for-water-sanitation-and-antimicrobial-resistance
#15
Susanne Wuijts, Harold H J L van den Berg, Jennifer Miller, Lydia Abebe, Mark Sobsey, Antoine Andremont, Kate O Medlicott, Mark W J van Passel, Ana Maria de Roda Husman
Clinically relevant antimicrobial resistant bacteria, genetic resistance elements, and antibiotic residues (so-called AMR) from human and animal waste are abundantly present in environmental samples. This presence could lead to human exposure to AMR. In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed a Global Action Plan for Antimicrobial Resistance with one of its strategic objectives being to strengthen knowledge through surveillance and research. With respect to a strategic research agenda on water, sanitation and hygiene and AMR, WHO organized a workshop to solicit input by scientists and other stakeholders...
April 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362030/effect-of-universal-chlorhexidine-decolonisation-on-the-infection-rate-in-intensive-care-patients
#16
Wiesława Duszyńska, Barbara Adamik, Karolina Lentka-Bera, Katarzyna Kulpa, Agata Nieckula-Schwarz, Agnieszka Litwin, Łukasz Stróżecki, Andrzej Kübler
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), particularly intensive care unit-acquired infections (HAI-ICU), are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitals. Most of these infections are caused by multidrugresistant organisms. The results of recent studies have suggested that daily bathing with chlorhexidine (CHX)-universal decolonisation can prevent ICU infections. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of CHX bathing on the rate and type of HAI-ICU in critically ill patients...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360370/barriers-to-increasing-use-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-bangladesh-a-survey-of-patients-and-providers
#17
Dipal Savla, Sweety Ahmed, Karen Yeates, Anna Matthew, Shuchi Anand
Despite a lower requirement for technology and equipment than hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an underutilized modality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Bangladesh has the lowest use of PD in the world (fewer than 2% of prevalent patients). We evaluated nephrologists' attitudes toward PD and examined differences between patients on HD and PD in Dhaka. We asked nephrologists to fill out an English-language questionnaire. Using convenience sampling but targeting both public and private hospitals in Dhaka, we asked trained nurses to administer a Bangla-language questionnaire to patients on HD (n = 116) and PD (n = 41)...
March 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359388/the-2015-nepal-earthquake-disaster-lessons-learned-one-year-on
#18
M L Hall, A C K Lee, C Cartwright, S Marahatta, J Karki, P Simkhada
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 earthquake in Nepal killed over 8000 people, injured more than 21,000 and displaced a further 2 million. One year later, a national workshop was organized with various Nepali stakeholders involved in the response to the earthquake. The workshop provided participants an opportunity to reflect on their experiences and sought to learn lessons from the disaster. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five participants took part and most had been directly involved in the earthquake response...
April 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351915/comparison-of-standard-culture-based-method-to-culture-independent-method-for-evaluation-of-hygiene-effects-on-the-hand-microbiome
#19
C Zapka, J Leff, J Henley, J Tittl, E De Nardo, M Butler, R Griggs, N Fierer, S Edmonds-Wilson
Hands play a critical role in the transmission of microbiota on one's own body, between individuals, and on environmental surfaces. Effectively measuring the composition of the hand microbiome is important to hand hygiene science, which has implications for human health. Hand hygiene products are evaluated using standard culture-based methods, but standard test methods for culture-independent microbiome characterization are lacking. We sampled the hands of 50 participants using swab-based and glove-based methods prior to and following four hand hygiene treatments (using a nonantimicrobial hand wash, alcohol-based hand sanitizer [ABHS], a 70% ethanol solution, or tap water)...
March 28, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349001/environmental-correlates-of-undernutrition-among-children-of-3-6-years-of-age-rajkot-gujarat-india
#20
Zalak Rameshbhai Matariya, Kaushik Kishorbhai Lodhiya, Rajkumar G Mahajan
INTRODUCTION: There are lots of studies focusing on the role of reproductive and child health factors and dietary factors on the nutrition status of the child. The present study is an attempt to highlight the role of macro- and micro-environmental factors in predicting the occurrence of undernutrition in children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in field practice area of Community Medicine Department, PDU Medical College, Rajkot. The nutrition status of children was assessed using the weight for age WHO reference standards, 2006...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
keyword
keyword
106888
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"