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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774300/epidemiology-of-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-three-departments-of-south-central-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-before-the-implementation-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#1
Gaoussou Coulibaly, Mamadou Ouattara, Kouassi Dongo, Eveline Hürlimann, Fidèle K Bassa, Naférima Koné, Clémence Essé, Richard B Yapi, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso, Eliézer K N'Goran
Hundreds of millions of people are infected with helminths and intestinal protozoa, particularly children in low- and middle-income countries. Preventive chemotherapy is the main strategy to control helminthiases. However, rapid re-infection occurs in settings where there is a lack of clean water, sanitation and hygiene. In August and September 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological survey in 56 communities of three departments of south-central Côte d'Ivoire. Study participants were invited to provide stool and urine samples...
May 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773076/risk-factors-for-schistosomiasis-in-an-urban-area-in-northern-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#2
Richard K M'Bra, Brama Kone, Yapi G Yapi, Kigbafori D Silué, Ibrahima Sy, Danielle Vienneau, Nagnin Soro, Guéladio Cissé, Jürg Utzinger
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a water-based disease transmitted by trematodes belonging to the genus Schistosoma. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the prevalence of schistosomiasis and access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and environmental and socioeconomic factors in the city of Korhogo, northern Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 728 randomly selected households was conducted in Korhogo in March 2015...
May 18, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770191/electrolytically-generated-hydrogen-warm-water-cleanses-the-keratin-plug-clogged-hair-pores-and-promotes-the-capillary-blood-streams-more-markedly-than-normal-warm-water-does
#3
Yoshiharu Tanaka, Yasukazu Saitoh, Nobuhiko Miwa
Biomedical properties of hydrogen water have been extensively investigated, but the effect of hydrogen on good healthy subjects remains unclear. This study was designed to explore the hygiene improvement by electrolytically generated hydrogen warm water (40°C) on capillary blood streams, skin moisture, and keratin plugs in skin pores in normal good healthy subjects with their informed consents. Fingertip-capillary blood stream was estimated after hand-immersing in hydrogen warm water by videography using a CCD-based microscope, and the blood flow levels increased to about 120% versus normal warm water, after 60 minutes of the hand-immersing termination...
January 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767340/speculation-as-to-why-the-frequency-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-is-increasing
#4
REVIEW
Stuart Jon Spechler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The frequency of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), an immune/antigen-mediated disorder first described in 1993, has been increasing rapidly. The purpose of this review is to consider hypotheses proposed to explain this increase and to speculate on their validity. RECENT FINDINGS: The hygiene hypothesis attributes the rise of EoE to modern hygienic conditions resulting in fewer childhood infections with microbes that might have protected against allergy development...
May 16, 2018: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765776/what-is-the-impact-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-healthcare-facilities-on-care-seeking-behaviour-and-patient-satisfaction-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Maha Bouzid, Oliver Cumming, Paul R Hunter
Patient satisfaction with healthcare has clear implications on service use and health outcomes. Barriers to care seeking are complex and multiple and delays in seeking care are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess the relationship between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) provision in healthcare facilities (HCF) and patient satisfaction/care seeking behaviour in low-income and middle-income countries. Pubmed and Medline Ovid were searched using a combination of search terms...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765631/environmentally-friendly-and-breathable-wet-laid-hydroentangled-nonwovens-for-personal-hygiene-care-with-excellent-water-absorbency-and-flushability
#6
Chao Deng, Wanjun Liu, Yinjiang Zhang, Chen Huang, Yi Zhao, Xiangyu Jin
Developing wet-laid papers with a good wet strength remains a longstanding challenge in the papermaking industry. In this study, hydroentanglement, a mechanical bonding technique is developed to consolidate the wet-laid fibre web. The results indicate that wet tensile strength, ductile stretching property, softness, air permeability and water absorbency of the wet-laid fibre web are significantly improved by hydroentanglement. In addition, the abrasion test shows that the dusting off rate of wet-laid fibre web can be effectively reduced through hydroentanglement...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764520/investigation-of-a-typhoid-fever-epidemic-in-moyale-sub-county-kenya-2014-2015
#7
Dahabo Adi Galgallo, Zeinab Gura Roka, Waqo G Boru, Khalumi Abill, James Ransom
AIM: Typhoid fever is a vaccine-preventable bacterial disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality throughout Africa. This paper describes an upsurge of typhoid fever cases in Moyale Sub-County (MSC), Kenya, 2014-2015. METHODS: We conducted active hospital and health facility surveillance and laboratory and antimicrobial sensitivity testing for all patients presenting with headache, fever, stomach pains, diarrhea, or constipation at five MSC health facilities between December 2014 and January 2015...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757462/effect-of-guava-and-vitamin-c-supplementation-on-experimental-gingivitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Amaliya Amaliya, Ajeng S Risdiana, Ubele Van der Velden
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of guava and synthetic vitamin C on the development of gingival inflammation during experimental gingivitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to three groups supplemented daily with either 200g guava, 200mg synthetic vitamin C or water. The study included a 14 days pre-experimental period with oral hygiene instructions, scaling, prophylaxis and supplementation. Thereafter, experiment gingivitis was initiated, while continuing supplementation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754153/-implementation-of-effective-infection-control-furnishing-a-dental-practice
#9
A M G A Laheij, J J de Soet, C M C Volgenant
The increasing resistance to antibiotics and the aging of the population of patients who visit the dental practice can lead to more frequent infections with (resistant) microorganisms. The prevention of cross contamination by the implementation of effective measures in the area of hygiene and procedures of infection control is therefore important. The furnishing of a dental practice can play an important part in prevention. What are the important issues in furnishing a practice? A distinction is made between 'critical' and 'non-critical' rooms...
May 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751539/the-relationship-between-household-sanitation-and-women-s-experience-of-menstrual-hygiene-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-kaduna-state-nigeria
#10
Julie Hennegan, Linnea Zimmerman, Alexandra K Shannon, Natalie G Exum, Funmilola OlaOlorun, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Kellogg J Schwab
Global efforts to improve sanitation have emphasized the needs of women and girls. Managing menstruation is one such need, yet there is scarce research capturing current practices. This study investigated the relationships between household sanitation and women’s experience of menstrual management. Secondary analyses were undertaken on data from 1994 women and girls collected through the Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 survey in Kaduna, Nigeria. In multivariable models, women had higher odds of using the main household sanitation facility for menstrual management when they had access to a basic (OR = 1...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734625/organic-contaminants-in-african-aquatic-systems-current-knowledge-health-risks-and-future-research-directions
#11
REVIEW
Willis Gwenzi, Nhamo Chaukura
Organic contaminants (OCs) are increasingly being reported in African aquatic systems, yet a critical evaluation of the literature is still lacking. The objectives of this review were to: (1) identify hotspot reservoirs, transfer pathways and ecological and human risks of OCs, (2) identify potential interventions to minimize the health risks, and (3) highlight knowledge gaps and research constraints. OCs widely reported in aquatic systems include pesticides, pharmaceuticals, plasticizers, solvents, endocrine disrupting compounds, and antimicrobial resistance genes, originating from applications in crop protection, veterinary and animal husbandry, human sanitation and hygiene, human vector and disease control...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729998/pathogens-transmitted-in-animal-feces-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
REVIEW
Miranda J Delahoy, Breanna Wodnik, Lydia McAliley, Gauthami Penakalapati, Jenna Swarthout, Matthew C Freeman, Karen Levy
Animals found in close proximity to humans in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) harbor many pathogens capable of infecting humans, transmissible via their feces. Contact with animal feces poses a currently unquantified-though likely substantial-risk to human health. In LMIC settings, human exposure to animal feces may explain some of the limited success of recent water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions that have focused on limiting exposure to human excreta, with less attention to containing animal feces...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728292/reduction-of-bacteria-and-somatic-coliphages-in-constructed-wetlands-for-the-treatment-of-combined-sewer-overflow-retention-soil-filters
#13
Jan P Ruppelt, Katharina Tondera, Christiane Schreiber, Thomas Kistemann, Johannes Pinnekamp
Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) introduce numerous pathogens from fecal contamination, such as bacteria and viruses, into surface waters, thus endangering human health. In Germany, retention soil filters (RSFs) treat CSOs at sensitive discharge points and can contribute to reducing these hygienically relevant microorganisms. In this study, we evaluated the extent of how dry period, series connection and filter layer thickness influence the reduction efficiency of RSFs for Escherichia coli (E. coli), intestinal enterococci (I...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724223/estimating-the-incidence-of-enteric-fever-in-children-in-india-a-multi-site-active-fever-surveillance-of-pediatric-cohorts
#14
Jacob John, Ashish Bavdekar, Temsunaro Rongsen-Chandola, Shanta Dutta, Gagandeep Kang
BACKGROUND: Salmonella Typhi is responsible for about 20 million episodes of illness and over 140,000 deaths annually globally. South Asia has the highest documented burden of typhoid and is home to the multi-drug resistant H58 strain that makes treatment more challenging. The WHO recommends the use of Typhoid Conjugate Vaccines in typhoid endemic countries. Decisions on the preferred immunization strategy should be based on an analysis of disease burden, availability, affordability, and operational feasibility...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723193/-s-wash-d-for-worms-a-pilot-study-investigating-the-differential-impact-of-school-versus-community-based-integrated-control-programs-for-soil-transmitted-helminths
#15
Naomi E Clarke, Archie C A Clements, Salvador Amaral, Alice Richardson, James S McCarthy, John McGown, Stuart Bryan, Darren J Gray, Susana V Nery
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infect nearly 1.5 billion individuals globally, and contribute to poor physical and cognitive development in children. STH control programs typically consist of regular delivery of anthelminthic drugs, targeting school-aged children. Expanding STH control programs community-wide may improve STH control among school-aged children, and combining deworming with improvements to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) may further reduce transmission...
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720144/examining-school-based-hygiene-facilities-a-quantitative-assessment-in-a-ghanaian-municipality
#16
Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Muriel J Harris, Samuel Newton, Gabriel Gulis
BACKGROUND: The crucial role of adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in influencing children's handwashing behaviour is widely reported. Report from UNICEF indicates a dearth of adequate data on WASH facilities in schools, especially in the developing world. This study sought to contribute to building the evidence-base on school hygiene facilities in Ghana. The study further explored for possible associations and differences between key variables within the context of school water, sanitation and hygiene...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713372/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-access-in-southern-syria-analysis-of-survey-data-and-recommendations-for-response
#17
Mustafa Sikder, Umar Daraz, Daniele Lantagne, Roberto Saltori
Background: Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are immediate priorities for human survival and dignity in emergencies. In 2010, > 90% of Syrians had access to improved drinking water. In 2011, armed conflict began and currently 12 million people need WASH services. We analyzed data collected in southern Syria to identify effective WASH response activities for this context. Methods: Cross-sectional household surveys were conducted in 2016 and 2017 in 17 sub-districts of two governorates in opposition controlled southern Syria...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709985/the-use-of-electric-toilet-seats-with-water-spray-is-efficacious-in-maintaining-hand-hygiene-in-experimental-model
#18
Shigeharu Oie, Hiromi Aoshika, Emiko Arita, Akira Kamiya
A simulatory experiment was conducted to examine the hand contamination from wiping the buttocks after using or not using an electric toilet seat with water spray. A model of the buttocks was smeared with diarrheal feces artificially made containing Serratia marcescens, and wiped by the participants wearing plastic gloves with 4 sheets of toilet paper using the water spray of electric seat or not. Subsequently, the presence of S. marcescens on the surfaces of the gloves were quantitated. The mean count ± standard deviation of S...
April 27, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706945/-candida-auris-disinfectants-and-implications-for-infection-control
#19
REVIEW
Tsun S N Ku, Carla J Walraven, Samuel A Lee
Candida auris is a rapidly emerging pathogen and is able to cause severe infections with high mortality rates. It is frequently misidentified in most clinical laboratories, thus requiring more specialized identification techniques. Furthermore, several clinical isolates have been found to be multidrug resistant and there is evidence of nosocomial transmission in outbreak fashion. Appropriate infection control measures will play a major role in controlling the management and spread of this pathogen. Unfortunately, there are very few data available on the effectiveness of disinfectants against C...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705768/soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-and-nutritional-status-in-ecuador-findings-from-a-national-survey-and-implications-for-control-strategies
#20
Ana L Moncayo, Raquel Lovato, Philip J Cooper
OBJECTIVE: The estimation of prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections at a country-level is an essential prerequisite for the implementation of a rational control programme. The aim of this present study was to estimate the prevalence and distribution of STH infections and malnutrition in school-age children in rural areas of Ecuador. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study from October 2011 to May 2012. SETTING: Eighteen rural schools were randomly selected from the three ecological regions of Ecuador (coastal, highlands and Amazon basin)...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
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