keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

water hygiene

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630689/why-language-matters-a-tour-through-hand-hygiene-literature
#1
Daniela Pires, Ermira Tartari, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Didier Pittet
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene has evolved over the last decades and many terminologies emerged. We aimed to analyse the evolution in the frequency of utilization of key hand hygiene terms in the literature along the years. METHODS: We identified keywords and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) used in MEDLINE® indexation related to hand hygiene by searching international guidelines and the MeSH database. We performed a MEDLINE® search combining the selected keywords and MeSH and analysed the number of publications retrieved yearly...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621585/inactivation-of-nonpathogenic-escherichia-coli-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-salmonella-enterica-typhimurium-and-listeria-monocytogenes-in-ice-using-a-uvc-light-emitting-diode
#2
Suguru Murashita, Shuso Kawamura, Shigenobu Koseki
Ice, widely used in the food industry, is a potential cause of food poisoning resulting from microbial contamination. Direct microbial inactivation of ice is necessary because microorganisms may have been present in the source water used to make it and/or may have been introduced due to poor hygiene during production or handling of the ice. Nonthermal and nondestructive microbial inactivation technologies are needed to control microorganisms in ice. We evaluated the applicability of a UVC light-emitting diode (UVC-LED) for microbial inactivation in ice...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619228/effect-of-community-health-clubs-on-child-diarrhoea-in-western-rwanda-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Sheela S Sinharoy, Wolf-Peter Schmidt, Ronald Wendt, Leodomir Mfura, Erin Crossett, Karen A Grépin, William Jack, Bernard Ngabo Rwabufigiri, James Habyarimana, Thomas Clasen
BACKGROUND: Community health clubs are multi-session village-level gatherings led by trained facilitators and designed to promote healthy behaviours mainly related to water, sanitation, and hygiene. They have been implemented in several African and Asian countries but have never been evaluated rigorously. We aimed to evaluate the effect of two versions of the community health club model on child health and nutrition outcomes. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised trial in Rusizi district, western Rwanda...
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618230/anti-mosquito-activity-of-a-titanium-organic-framework-supported-on-fabrics
#4
Reda M Abdelhameed, Omnia M H M Kamel, A Amr, Joao Rocha, Artur M S Silva
Waste swamps, stagnant water and poor hygiene practices result in the proliferation of mosquitoes that may cause transmissible and infectious diseases, such as malaria, typhoid, cholera, and Zikavirus sickness. Composites of the traditional natural fibres cotton, viscose and linen, and a Ti-bearing metal-organic framework, NH2-MIL-125, is very effective against mosquitoes, in the absence of any conventional insecticides. Prior to coating with NH2-MIL-125 crystals, the fabrics have been modified with 3-glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane...
June 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616492/the-role-of-environmental-health-in-one-health-a-uganda-perspective
#5
David Musoke, Rawlance Ndejjo, Edwinah Atusingwize, Abdullah Ali Halage
BACKGROUND: One Health is the integrative effort of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals and the environment. As the human population continues to increase across the world, the interface of people, animals and the environment becomes more significant and impactful. For the past few years, the One Health concept has brought together experts in the areas of animal and human health. It has provided a new synthesis for public health and veterinary communities across the world...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615269/how-sustainable-household-environment-and-knowledge-of-healthy-practices-relate-to-childhood-morbidity-in-south-asia-analysis-of-survey-data-from-bangladesh-nepal-and-pakistan
#6
Md Masud Hasan, Alice Richardson
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence of diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection (ARI) is considerably high among South Asian children. The objective of this study is to compare the associations of sustainable household environment and knowledge of healthy practices with episodes of these diseases among the children in the region. DESIGN: The study analysed the latest, nationally representative and cross-sectional Demographic and Health Survey data. SETTING: Data from three countries were analysed: Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615262/predictors-of-anemia-in-women-of-reproductive-age-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#7
REVIEW
James P Wirth, Bradley A Woodruff, Reina Engle-Stone, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Victor J Temple, Nicolai Petry, Barbara Macdonald, Parminder S Suchdev, Fabian Rohner, Grant J Aaron
Background: Anemia in women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y) remains a public health problem globally, and reducing anemia in women by 50% by 2025 is a goal of the World Health Assembly.Objective: We assessed the associations between anemia and multiple proximal risk factors (e.g., iron and vitamin A deficiencies, inflammation, malaria, and body mass index) and distal risk factors (e.g., education status, household sanitation and hygiene, and urban or rural residence) in nonpregnant WRA.Design: Cross-sectional, nationally representative data from 10 surveys (n = 27,018) from the Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project were analyzed individually and pooled by the infection burden and risk in the country...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612148/first-detection-and-genotyping-of-giardia-intestinalis-in-stool-samples-collected-from-children-in-ghazni-province-eastern-afghanistan-and-evaluation-of-the-pcr-assay-in-formalin-fixed-specimens
#8
Anna Lass, Panagiotis Karanis, Krzysztof Korzeniewski
It is estimated that faecal-orally transmitted diseases are common in Afghanistan, as a consequence of poor hygienic standards of life and widespread contamination of water and food with both human and animal faeces. However, there is little information in the literature concerning infections caused by intestinal parasites in the Afghan population. In this study, we report the occurrence of Giardia intestinalis assemblages (A and B) in formalin-fixed stool samples collected from 245 Afghan schoolchildren living in Ghazni Province in eastern Afghanistan...
June 13, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604791/challenges-in-developing-methods-for-quantifying-the-effects-of-weather-and-climate-on-water-associated-diseases-a-systematic-review
#9
Giovanni Lo Iacono, Ben Armstrong, Lora E Fleming, Richard Elson, Sari Kovats, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Gordon L Nichols
Infectious diseases attributable to unsafe water supply, sanitation and hygiene (e.g. Cholera, Leptospirosis, Giardiasis) remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in low-income countries. Climate and weather factors are known to affect the transmission and distribution of infectious diseases and statistical and mathematical modelling are continuously developing to investigate the impact of weather and climate on water-associated diseases. There have been little critical analyses of the methodological approaches...
June 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602563/evidence-on-public-health-interventions-in-humanitarian-crises
#10
REVIEW
Karl Blanchet, Anita Ramesh, Severine Frison, Emily Warren, Mazeda Hossain, James Smith, Abigail Knight, Nathan Post, Christopher Lewis, Aniek Woodward, Maysoon Dahab, Alexander Ruby, Vera Sistenich, Sara Pantuliano, Bayard Roberts
Recognition of the need for evidence-based interventions to help to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of humanitarian responses has been increasing. However, little is known about the breadth and quality of evidence on health interventions in humanitarian crises. We describe the findings of a systematic review with the aim of examining the quantity and quality of evidence on public health interventions in humanitarian crises to identify key research gaps. We identified 345 studies published between 1980 and 2014 that met our inclusion criteria...
June 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598345/microbiological-quality-of-ice-and-ice-machines-used-in-food-establishments
#11
Hamparsun Hampikyan, Enver Baris Bingol, Omer Cetin, Hilal Colak
The ice used in the food industry has to be safe and the water used in ice production should have the quality of drinking water. The consumption of contaminated ice directly or indirectly may be a vehicle for transmission of pathogenic bacteria to humans producing outbreaks of gastrointestinal diseases. The objective of this study was to monitor the microbiological quality of ice, the water used in producing ice and the hygienic conditions of ice making machines in various food enterprises. Escherichia coli was detected in seven (6...
June 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598344/occurrence-of-legionella-in-showers-at-recreational-facilities
#12
Patrizia De Filippis, Cinzia Mozzetti, Massimo Amicosante, Gian Loreto D'Alò, Alessandra Messina, Donatella Varrenti, Roberto Giammattei, Floriana Di Giorgio, Stefania Corradi, Alberto D'Auria, Roberta Fraietta, Rosanna Gabrieli
Critical environments, including water systems in recreational settings, represent an important source of Legionella pneumophila infection in humans. In order to assess the potential risk for legionellosis, we analyzed Legionella contamination of water distribution systems in 36 recreational facilities equipped with swimming pools. One hundred and sixty water samples were analyzed from shower heads or taps located in locker rooms or in bathrooms. By culture method and polymerase chain reaction, 41/160 samples were positive for Legionella from 12/36 recreational centers...
June 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592985/child-feeding-practices-and-diarrheal-disease-among-children-less-than-two-years-of-age-of-the-nomadic-people-in-hadaleala-district-afar-region-northeast-ethiopia
#13
Zemichael Gizaw, Wondwoson Woldu, Bikes Destaw Bitew
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is a serious public health problem in Ethiopia. It is responsible for 24-30% of all infant deaths and there is a lack of evidence on the health burdens among the nomadic people. This study was therefore designed to assess the prevalence of diarrhea among children less thanvtwo year's of age and its association with feeding practices among the nomadic people in Hadaleala district, northeast Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hadaleala district...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587248/understanding-the-challenges-of-improving-sanitation-and-hygiene-outcomes-in-a-community-based-intervention-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-tanzania
#14
Joseph Kihika Kamara, Moses Galukande, Florence Maeda, Sam Luboga, Andre M N Renzaho
Good sanitation and clean water are basic human rights yet they remain elusive to many rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We carried out a cross sectional study to examine the impact of a four-year intervention aimed at improving access to water and sanitation and reducing waterborne disease, especially diarrhea in children under five years old. The study was carried out in April and May 2015 in Busangi, Chela and Ntobo wards of Kahama District of Tanzania. The interventions included education campaigns and improved water supply, and sanitation...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585863/contamination-of-carcasses-and-utensils-in-small-swine-slaughterhouses-by-salmonella-in-the-northwestern-region-of-the-state-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#15
Claudius Couto Cabral, Pedro Henrique Nunes Panzenhagen, Karina Frensel Delgado, Gabriela Rodrigues Alves Silva, Dália Dos Prazeres Rodrigues, Robson Maia Franco, Carlos Adam Conte-Junior
Salmonella is a major foodborne pathogen that constantly threatens food safety in developed countries and underdeveloped countries such as Brazil, where it is responsible for 38% of notified cases of foodborne illness. Swine are one of the main meat-producing species that may asymptomatically carry Salmonella, periodically shedding the bacteria through feces. The state of Rio de Janeiro is not a major producer of swine meat, but small slaughterhouses are operational and produce meat for consumption within the state, although few studies have been conducted in the region...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579426/estimates-of-global-regional-and-national-morbidity-mortality-and-aetiologies-of-diarrhoeal-diseases-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides an up-to-date analysis of the burden of diarrhoeal diseases. This study assesses cases, deaths, and aetiologies spanning the past 25 years and informs the changing picture of diarrhoeal disease worldwide. METHODS: We estimated diarrhoeal mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using the Cause of Death Ensemble Model (CODEm), a modelling platform shared across most causes of death in the GBD 2015 study...
June 1, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576344/association-of-water-handling-and-child-feeding-practice-with-childhood-diarrhoea-in-rural-community-of-southern-nepal
#17
Dilaram Acharya, Jitendra Kumar Singh, Mandira Adhikari, Salila Gautam, Pragya Pandey, Vinita Dayal
Diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality globally. While the childhood diarrhoea and its association with child feeding, and hygiene, hand washing and water treatment are studied elsewhere, the association of water handling and child feeding with childhood diarrhoea is an understudied area in Nepal. This study aimed to investigate the association of water handling and child feeding practice with childhood diarrhoea among children of one to five years of age in Southern, Nepal. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Dhanusha district of Southern Nepal in 2013...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573322/plasmonic-gold-nanoparticles-for-detection-of-fungi-and-human-cutaneous-fungal-infections
#18
Tobiloba Sojinrin, João Conde, Kangze Liu, James Curtin, Hugh J Byrne, Daxiang Cui, Furong Tian
Fungi, which are common in the environment, can cause a multitude of diseases. Warm, humid conditions allow fungi to grow and infect humans via the respiratory, digestive and reproductive tracts, genital area and other bodily interfaces. Fungi can be detected directly by microscopy, using the potassium hydroxide test, which is the gold standard and most popular method for fungal screening. However, this test requires trained personnel operating specialist equipment, including a fluorescent microscope and culture facilities...
June 2, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572111/patients-hand-washing-and-reducing-hospital-acquired-infection
#19
Stacy Haverstick, Cara Goodrich, Regi Freeman, Shandra James, Rajkiran Kullar, Melissa Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is important to prevent hospital-acquired infections. Patients' hand hygiene is just as important as hospital workers' hand hygiene. Hospital-acquired infection rates remain a concern across health centers. OBJECTIVES: To improve patients' hand hygiene through the promotion and use of hand washing with soap and water, hand sanitizer, or both and improve patients' education to reduce hospital-acquired infections. METHODS: In August 2013, patients in a cardiothoracic postsurgical step-down unit were provided with individual bottles of hand sanitizer...
June 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569208/development-of-a-health-education-intervention-strategy-using-an-implementation-research-method-to-control-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-burkina-faso
#20
Helena Ngowi, Ivan Ozbolt, Athanase Millogo, Veronique Dermauw, Télesphore Somé, Paul Spicer, Lori L Jervis, Rasmané Ganaba, Sarah Gabriel, Pierre Dorny, Hélène Carabin
BACKGROUND: Taeniasis and cysticercosis are two diseases caused by Taenia solium, a parasite transmitted between humans and pigs, leading to considerable economic loss and disabilities. Transmission of the parasite is linked to environmental and behavioural factors such as inadequate sanitation and hygiene, poor pig management, and consumption of infected pork. This study used implementation research method to design a health education intervention strategy for reducing T. solium infections in Burkina Faso, a country endemic for the parasite...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
keyword
keyword
106888
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"