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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233072/improving-the-development-monitoring-and-reporting-of-stroke-rehabilitation-research-consensus-based-core-recommendations-from-the-stroke-recovery-and-rehabilitation-roundtable
#1
Marion F Walker, Tammy C Hoffmann, Marian C Brady, Catherine M Dean, Janice J Eng, Amanda J Farrin, Cynthia Felix, Anne Forster, Peter Langhorne, Elizabeth A Lynch, Kathryn A Radford, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Caroline L Watkins
Recent reviews have demonstrated that the quality of stroke rehabilitation research has continued to improve over the last four decades but despite this progress, there are still many barriers in moving the field forward. Rigorous development, monitoring and complete reporting of interventions in stroke trials are essential in providing rehabilitation evidence that is robust, meaningful and implementable. An international partnership of stroke rehabilitation experts committed to develop consensus-based core recommendations with a remit of addressing the issues identified as limiting stroke rehabilitation research in the areas of developing, monitoring and reporting stroke rehabilitation interventions...
October 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228288/outcome-measures-used-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#2
Ana L Oliveira, Alda S Marques
Background: Conflicting results about the effects of community-based pulmonary rehabilitation in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) exist, possibly because the variety of outcome measures used and the lack of appropriate measurement properties hinder the development of pulmonary rehabilitation guidelines. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify and review the measurement properties of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and clinical outcome measures of AECOPD that are used in pulmonary rehabilitation and that can be easily applied in a community setting...
December 6, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#3
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225161/self-efficacy-and-pressure-ulcer-prevention-after-spinal-cord-injury-results-from-a-nationwide-community-survey-in-switzerland-swisci
#4
Kerstin Hug, Caroline Stumm, Isabelle Debecker, Carolina Saskia Fellinghauer, Claudio Peter, Magret Hund-Georgiadis
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers (PUs) are a common and severe health condition in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Skin-care strategies for PU prevention are usually provided during first rehabilitation. However, individuals with SCI often do not perform these strategies continuously, especially after discharge. The influence of psychological factors such as general self-efficacy (GSE) on the performance of PU prevention behavior has not yet been sufficiently explored. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if persons with higher levels of GSE are more likely to perform skin-care strategies for PU prevention regularly...
December 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221520/disability-characteristics-of-community-based-rehabilitation-participants-in-kayunga-district-uganda
#5
Lukia Namaganda Hamid, Olive Kobusingye, Sebastian Olikira Baine, Chrispus Mayora, Jacob A Bentley
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of individuals with disability reside in low- and middle-income countries where community-based rehabilitation (CBR) has been used as a strategy to improve disability. However, data relating to disability severity among CBR beneficiaries in low-income countries like Uganda remain scarce, particularly at the community or district level. OBJECTIVES: To describe severity of disability and associated factors for persons with physical disabilities receiving CBR services in the Kayunga district of Uganda...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220827/exploring-divers-of-forest-degradation-and-fragmentation-in-sudan-the-case-of-erawashda-forest-and-its-surrounding-community
#6
Hussein M Sulieman
Sudan is a hot spot for forest degradation. Efforts to maintain what remains of its forests should be of the highest priority. However, precise information on its forests' current state is very limited. Therefore, in order to effectively intervene in support of existing resources, it is important to have a better understanding of processes taking place in the country and impacting those resources. The objectives of this study are to quantify the consequences of land use and land cover (LULC) changes on forest degradation and fragmentation and to analyze the anthropogenic factors causing it, taking Erawashda Forest, eastern Sudan, as an example...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219635/hashtag-tbi-a-content-and-network-data-analysis-of-tweets-about-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Melissa Brunner, Bronwyn Hemsley, Stephen Dann, Leanne Togher, Stuart Palmer
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to: (a) determine how Twitter is used by people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and TBI organisations, (b) analyse the Twitter networks and content of tweets tagged with TBI-related hashtags, and (c) identify any challenges people with TBI encounter in using Twitter. RESEARCH DESIGN: Mixed methods in a Twitter hashtag study. METHODS: Mixed methods in a Twitter hashtag study. Tweets tagged with TBI-related hashtags were harvested from the Twitter website over a one-month period in 2016 and analysed qualitatively and quantitatively...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217721/insights-from-australians-with-respiratory-disease-living-in-the-community-with-experience-of-self-managing-through-an-emergency-department-near-miss-for-breathlessness-a-strengths-based-qualitative-study
#8
Tim Luckett, Jane Phillips, Miriam Johnson, Maja Garcia, Priyanka Bhattarai, Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman, Anne Hutchinson, Rebecca T Disler, David Currow, Meera Agar, Serra Ivynian, Richard Chye, Phillip J Newton, Patricia M Davidson
OBJECTIVES: Breathlessness 'crises' in people with chronic respiratory conditions are a common precipitant for emergency department (ED) presentations, many of which might be avoided through improved self-management and support. This study sought insights from people with experience of ED 'near misses' where they considered going to the ED but successfully self-managed instead. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative approach was used with a phenomenological orientation...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212431/a-three-year-national-follow-up-study-on-the-development-of-community-level-cancer-rehabilitation-in-denmark
#9
Maria Kristiansen, Lis Adamsen, Karin Piil, Ida Halvorsen, Nanna Nyholm, Carsten Hendriksen
AIMS: Scandinavian cancer care policies emphasise community-level rehabilitation services, but little is known about changes in service provision over time. This follow-up study explores development in these services in Danish municipalities, focusing on availability, utilisation and organisation of services, including existing opportunities and challenges. METHODS: A national survey among all 98 Danish municipalities was conducted in 2013 (baseline) and repeated in 2016 (follow-up)...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212379/provision-of-rehabilitation-services-for-children-with-disabilities-living-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#10
Dawn Magnusson, Frank Sweeney, Michel Landry
BACKGROUND: Childhood disability is a growing global health priority. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify and summarize rehabilitation interventions used to support children with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: This scoping review involved a systematic search of electronic databases using a combination of subject headings and/or keywords related to child disability, rehabilitation, and low- and middle-income countries. Charting involved an iterative process whereby the full text of articles meeting the inclusion criteria were abstracted using a charting form...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211502/physical-activity-perceptions-of-people-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-living-in-the-community
#11
Penelope Analytis, Adam McKay, Megan Hamilton, Gavin Williams, Narelle Warren, Jennie Ponsford
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Increasing physical activity (PA) among people with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents an important long-term rehabilitation goal. To design effective interventions to promote PA, the factors associated with PA engagement post-TBI need to be understood. RESEARCH DESIGN: A qualitative study design was employed to investigate the factors influencing PA engagement in people with severe TBI living in the community. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with eight people with severe TBI three to five years post-injury...
December 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210932/score-distributions-of-the-balance-outcome-measure-for-elder-rehabilitation-boomer-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-vertebral-fracture
#12
Zachary M Brown, Jenna C Gibbs, Jonathan D Adachi, Maureen C Ashe, Keith D Hill, David L Kendler, Aliya Khan, Alexandra Papaioannou, Sadhana Prasad, John D Wark, Lora M Giangregorio
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the Balance Outcome Measure for Elder Rehabilitation (BOOMER) in community-dwelling women 65 years and older with vertebral fracture and to describe score distributions and potential ceiling and floor effects. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of baseline data from the Build Better Bones with Exercise randomized controlled trial using the BOOMER. A total of 141 women with osteoporosis and radiographically confirmed vertebral fracture were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208008/-i-just-feel-comfortable-out-here-there-s-something-about-the-place-staff-and-client-perceptions-of-a-remote-australian-aboriginal-drug-and-alcohol-rehabilitation-service
#13
Alice Munro, Julaine Allan, Anthony Shakeshaft, Courtney Breen
BACKGROUND: The need for effective, culturally safe residential rehabilitation services for Aboriginal people is widely acknowledged, however the combination of treatment components that is optimally effective, is not well defined. Most existing Aboriginal residential rehabilitation research has focused on describing client characteristics, and largely ignored the impact of treatment and service factors, such as the nature and quality of therapeutic components and relationships with staff...
December 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207887/burn-care-and-rehabilitation-in-australia-health-professionals-perspectives
#14
Rachel Kornhaber, Greg Rickard, Loyola McLean, Rick Wiechula, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
OBJECTIVE: To understand health professionals' perspectives of burn care and rehabilitation. DESIGN: Qualitative and semi-structured interviews. SETTING: Australian burn and rehabilitation units. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two clinicians working in burns units across disciplines and healthcare settings. RESULTS: The data portrayed the health professionals' perspectives of burn care and rehabilitation in Australia...
December 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204895/the-development-of-a-healing-model-of-care-for-an-indigenous-drug-and-alcohol-residential-rehabilitation-service-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#15
Alice Munro, Anthony Shakeshaft, Anton Clifford
BACKGROUND: Given the well-established evidence of disproportionately high rates of substance-related morbidity and mortality after release from incarceration for Indigenous Australians, access to comprehensive, effective and culturally safe residential rehabilitation treatment will likely assist in reducing recidivism to both prison and substance dependence for this population. In the absence of methodologically rigorous evidence, the delivery of Indigenous drug and alcohol residential rehabilitation services vary widely, and divergent views exist regarding the appropriateness and efficacy of different potential treatment components...
December 4, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202852/nutrition-education-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Jesse A Lieberman, Jacquelyn W McClelland, David C Goff, Elizabeth Racine, Michael F Dulin, William A Bauman, Janet Niemeier, Mark A Hirsch, H James Norton, Charity G Moore
BACKGROUND: Individuals with chronic spinal cord injuries (SCIs) have an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors compared with age-matched control subjects. Exercise has been shown to improve selected CVD risk factors in individuals with SCI, but using nutrition education as an intervention has not been evaluated in this population. This paper describes our research plan for evaluating the effect of nutrition education on individuals with SCI. In the present study, called Eat Smart, Live Better, we are using a randomized controlled design to test an intervention adapted from an existing evidence-based program that showed a positive effect on nutrition knowledge and behavior of older adults from the general population...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199920/consumers-understanding-and-expectations-of-a-community-based-recovery-oriented-mental-health-rehabilitation-unit-a-pragmatic-grounded-theory-analysis
#17
Stephen Parker, Frances Dark, Ellie Newman, Dominic Hanley, William McKinlay, Carla Meurk
AIMS: Incorporating consumer perspectives into mental health services design is important in working to deliver recovery-oriented care. One of the challenges faced in mental health rehabilitation services is limited consumer engagement with the available support. Listening to consumers' expectations of mental health services, and what they hope to achieve, provides an opportunity to examine the alignment between existing services and the priorities and preferences of the people who use them...
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197709/family-history-of-psychosis-and-outcome-of-people-with-schizophrenia-in-rural-china-14-year-follow-up-study
#18
Mao-Sheng Ran, Yunyu Xiao, Xinyi Zhao, Tian-Ming Zhang, Yue-Hui Yu, Wen-Jun Mao, Fu-Rong Lin, Bo Liu, Cecilia Lai-Wan Chan
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the differences in 14-year outcomes of persons with schizophrenia with and without family history of psychosis in a rural community in China. METHODS: All participants with schizophrenia (n=510) aged 15 years and older were identified in a 1994 epidemiological investigation of 123,572 people and followed up in 2004 and 2008 in Xinjin County, Chengdu, China. RESULTS: Individuals with positive family history of schizophrenia had significantly younger age of first onset than those with negative family history of schizophrenia in 1994 and 2004...
November 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194178/relationship-between-neurocognitive-function-and-self-discrepancy-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Elizabeth Jane Beadle, Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, David H K Shum
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often make unfavorable comparisons between their preinjury and postinjury selves. Although it is known that negative "self-discrepancy" is related to poorer emotional adjustment, the impact of neurocognitive function on self-discrepancy is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between current neurocognitive function (attention, memory, executive function, and self-awareness) and self-discrepancy after severe TBI...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187744/it-is-a-marathon-rather-than-a-sprint-an-initial-exploration-of-unmet-needs-and-support-preferences-of-caregivers-of-children-with-sci
#20
Susan L Ryerson Espino, Erin H Kelly, Anne Rivelli, Kathy Zebracki, Lawrence C Vogel
STUDY DESIGN: Focus group study. OBJECTIVES: Explore unmet needs and support preferences of caregivers of youth with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: One pediatric specialty rehabilitation hospital system in the United States. METHODS: Four focus groups were conducted with a convenience sample of 26 caregivers who were primarily mothers (96%) and married (65%), and had at least some college education (85%). Children living with SCI were on average 12...
November 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
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