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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454124/influence-of-the-rehabilitation-outcome-on-returning-to-drive-after-neurological-impairment
#1
Urša Š Čižman, Gaj Vidmar, Petra Drnovšek
In traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke rehabilitation, the question of reintegration of the driver into traffic is faced very often. Driving is an important domain and for some patients, return to driving represents a crucial event for community inclusion. The aim of our study was to examine the utility of Glasgow Coma Scale within the first 24 h of injury and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) at rehabilitation admission for predicting the return to driving. We included 72 patients after TBI or stroke...
June 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448378/a-mixed-method-review-of-tobacco-cessation-for-the-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation-clinician
#2
Ana Mola, Madeleine M Lloyd, Miguel A Villegas-Pantoja
PURPOSE: To systematically survey the literature, describe the current tobacco science, and perform a mixed method review of randomized control trials of tobacco research in the cardiopulmonary population. METHODS: Mixed method review was conducted on major resource databases. Inclusion criteria were English language with a minimum follow-up of 6 months, published between January 1, 2007, and June 30, 2016; adult smokers ≥18 years of age with cardiovascular and/or pulmonary disease; initiation of subject recruitment from hospital or community; tobacco cessation (TC) as the main aim of the study; biometric validation of smoking status; first-line TC medications; and nonpharmacological treatments...
May 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446028/impact-of-nutritional-supplementation-and-a-psychomotor-program-on-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Odete Vicente de Sousa, Rita Soares Guerra, Ana Sofia Sousa, Bebiana Pais Henriques, Anabela Pereira Monteiro, Teresa Freitas Amaral
This study aims to evaluate the impact of oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) and a psychomotor rehabilitation program on nutritional and functional status of community-dwelling patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). A 21-day prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted and third intervention group performed a psychomotor rehabilitation program. Patients were followed up for 180 days. Mean (standard deviation) score of Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) increased both in the nutritional supplementation group (NSG; n = 25), 0...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441928/canadian-stroke-best-practice-recommendations-telestroke-best-practice-guidelines-update-2017
#4
Dylan Blacquiere, M Patrice Lindsay, Norine Foley, Colleen Taralson, Susan Alcock, Catherine Balg, Sanjit Bhogal, Julie Cole, Marsha Eustace, Patricia Gallagher, Antoinette Ghanem, Alexander Hoechsmann, Gary Hunter, Khurshid Khan, Alier Marrero, Brian Moses, Kelley Rayner, Andrew Samis, Elisabeth Smitko, Marilyn Vibe, Gord Gubitz, Dariush Dowlatshahi, Stephen Phillips, Frank L Silver
Every year, approximately 62,000 people with stroke and transient ischemic attack are treated in Canadian hospitals. The 2016 update of the Canadian Stroke Best Practice Recommendations Telestroke guideline is a comprehensive summary of current evidence-based and consensus-based recommendations appropriate for use by all healthcare providers and system planners who organize and provide care to patients following stroke across a broad range of settings. These recommendations focus on the use of telemedicine technologies to rapidly identify and treat appropriate patients with acute thrombolytic therapies in hospitals without stroke specialized expertise; select patients who require to immediate transfer to stroke centers for Endovascular Therapy; and for the patients who remain in community hospitals to facilitate their care on a stroke unit and provide remote access to stroke prevention and rehabilitation services...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437768/glomeromycota-communities-survive-extreme-levels-of-metal-toxicity-in-an-orphan-mining-site
#5
I Sánchez-Castro, V Gianinazzi-Pearson, J C Cleyet-Marel, E Baudoin, D van Tuinen
Abandoned tailing basins and waste heaps of orphan mining sites are of great concern since extreme metal contamination makes soil improper for any human activity and is a permanent threat for nearby surroundings. Although spontaneous revegetation can occur, the process is slow or unsuccessful and rhizostabilisation strategies to reduce dispersal of contaminated dust represent an option to rehabilitate such sites. This requires selection of plants tolerant to such conditions, and optimization of their fitness and growth...
April 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433408/don-t-need-help-don-t-want-help-can-t-get-help-how-patients-with-brain-tumors-account-for-not-using-rehabilitation-psychosocial-and-community-services
#6
Danette Langbecker, Stuart Ekberg, Patsy Yates
OBJECTIVE: To understand why some adults with primary brain tumors do not use support services despite indications of a need for help. METHODS: Nineteen adults recently diagnosed with primary brain tumors participated in semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was used to identify recurrent ways participants explained their non-use of support services. RESULTS: Some patients indicated that they did not use support services as they did not need help, in particular reporting positive experiences relative to their expectations or to others, that their needs were met, or difficulties recognizing their needs...
April 14, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431908/implementation-of-a-person-centered-medical-care-model-in-a-skilled-nursing-facility-a-pilot-evaluation
#7
Kathleen Abrahamson, Jaclyn Myers, Arif Nazir
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of implementing a person-centered medical care model for post-acute care residents within a skilled nursing facility (SNF). DESIGN: A mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) pilot evaluation. SETTING: An 89-bed SNF located within a large midwestern city. PARTICIPANTS: Forty SNF post-acute patients admitted to the facility during a 6-month period were enrolled in the pilot evaluation...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427333/the-experiences-of-physiotherapists-treating-people-with-dementia-who-fracture-their-hip
#8
A J Hall, R Watkins, I A Lang, R Endacott, V A Goodwin
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that people with dementia are approximately three times more likely to fracture their hip than sex and age matched controls. A report by the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy found that this population have poor access to rehabilitation as inpatients and in the community. A recent scoping review found a paucity of research in this area, indeed there has been no qualitative research undertaken with physiotherapists. In order to address this evidence gap, the aim of this current study was to explore the experiences of physiotherapists treating this population...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427332/interrater-and-test-retest-reliability-and-validity-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-bestest-and-mini-bestest-in-people-with-increased-risk-of-falling
#9
Charlotta Hamre, Pernille Botolfsen, Gro Gujord Tangen, Jorunn L Helbostad
BACKGROUND: The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) was developed to assess underlying systems for balance control in order to be able to individually tailor rehabilitation interventions to people with balance disorders. A short form, the Mini-BESTest, was developed as a screening test. The study aimed to assess interrater and test-retest reliability of the Norwegian version of the BESTest and the Mini-BESTest in community-dwelling people with increased risk of falling and to assess concurrent validity with the Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), and it was an observational study with a cross-sectional design...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425724/factors-impacting-sense-of-community-among-adults-with-brain-injury
#10
Nicole Ditchman, Fong Chan, Christopher Haak, Amanda B Easton
PURPOSE: Despite increasing interest in examining community outcomes following disability, sense of community (SOC) has received relatively no attention in the rehabilitation literature. SOC refers to feelings of belonging and attachment one has for a community and is of particular relevance for people with brain injury who are at increased risk of social isolation. The aim of this study was to investigate factors contributing to SOC for individuals with brain injury. METHOD: Members from 2 brain injury associations (n = 98) participated in this survey-based study...
April 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#11
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420244/occupation-based-practices-and-homelessness-a-scoping-review
#12
Laurence Roy, Catherine Vallée, Bonnie H Kirsh, Carrie Anne Marshall, Rebecca Marval, Alissa Low
BACKGROUND: Persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness have occupational needs that are seldom addressed in the Canadian system of care. The lack of documented evidence on occupational therapy practices in this field hinders the development of the profession. PURPOSE: This article identifies current and potential practices that aim to enable or support the occupations of persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted, including evidence from both occupational therapy and non-occupational therapy sources...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418396/essential-gains-and-health-after-upper-limb-tetraplegia-surgery-identified-by-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#13
L Bunketorp-Käll, C Reinholdt, J Fridén, J Wangdell
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire-based survey. OBJECTIVES: To describe functional gains and health following upper-limb tetraplegia surgery using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a reference and to explore interconnections across different dimensions of functioning and health. SETTING: A specialized center for advanced reconstruction of extremities at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden...
April 18, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417611/factors-enhancing-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke-in-specialized-rehabilitation-an-observational-multicenter-study-within-the-sunnaas-international-network
#14
Birgitta Langhammer, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Susanne Sällström, Frank Becker, Johan K Stanghelle
BACKGROUND: Stroke may lead to serious, long-term disability. Consequently, many individuals with stroke will be in need of rehabilitation, and some of specialized rehabilitation. The content and organization of rehabilitation vary within and between countries, reflecting the preferences, customs, traditions, and values of a society or community, that may have an impact on outcomes. AIM: The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of team models in specialized rehabilitation on outcomes as measured by stroke patients' performance in ADL, at a standardized time and at discharge in the various specialized rehabilitation clinics...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413108/moisturisers-in-scar-management-following-burn-a-survey-report
#15
Tanja Klotz, Rochelle Kurmis, Zachary Munn, Kathryn Heath, John Greenwood
Scar management is a recognised key component of rehabilitation following burn. Moisturising often combined with massage is commenced once healing tissue has gained sufficient strength to tolerate surface friction, with the aim being to hydrate the dry scar. The studies on various moisturisers and creams provide some guidance on moisturiser selection, but many are inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: This survey aimed to determine the current expert opinion regarding moisturiser recommendations, including the basis for these recommendations, across the burns community...
April 13, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413106/heterotopic-ossification-in-adults-following-a-burn-a-phenomenological-analysis
#16
Nichola Foster, Rachel Kornhaber, Sarah McGarry, Fiona M Wood, Dale W Edgar
Heterotopic Ossification (HO) is a rare but severely debilitating complication after a burn. Despite there being literature of varying quality explaining the postulated pathological process, risk factors and treatment for HO, the individual experiences of adults diagnosed with HO following a burn, remains unreported. This study sought to explore and describe burn survivors' experiences of HO to gain a greater understanding of the clinical needs for this unique patient population. A phenomenological inquiry of five men and one woman selected through purposeful sampling collected in-depth interviews analysed using Colaizzi's method of data analysis...
April 13, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409031/patient-perspectives-on-engagement-in-recovery-after-hip-fracture-a-qualitative-study
#17
Joanie Sims-Gould, Sarah Stott-Eveneshen, Lena Fleig, Megan McAllister, Maureen C Ashe
Purpose. To understand older adults' engagement in their recovery experience and rehabilitation after a fall-related hip fracture. Method. 50 community-dwelling older adults recovering from a recent (3-12 months) hip fracture (32 women, 18 men) participated in telephone interviews using a semistructured format at 6 and 12 months after recruitment into the study. Interviews were conducted as part of a mixed-methods study designed to test the effect of a postoperative hip fracture management program (B4 Clinic)...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407725/experiences-of-hospital-readmission-and-receiving-formal-carer-services-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study-to-identify-needs
#18
Sandra C Braaf, Alyse Lennox, Andrew Nunn, Belinda J Gabbe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the needs of people living with spinal cord injury, receiving formal carer and hospital services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study was undertaken with people living with spinal cord injury in metropolitan or regional Victoria. Participants were recruited through the Australian Quadriplegic Association. Twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted between September and October 2015. Participants were purposely selected based on their age, gender, level of injury, and compensation status...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406650/disability-identity-development-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Dominique A Lyew, Carlyn Mueller, Leah B Samples
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize existing empirical research on disability identity development. This review is organized to present the demographics of participants and types of disabilities represented in the existing data, measures of disability identity development and theoretical models of disability identity development. METHOD: Electronic databases (EBSCO, PsycINFO, ERIC, and Sociological Abstracts) were searched for all peer reviewed empirical studies published between 1980 and 2017...
April 13, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406316/five-year-follow-up-of-persons-with-brain-injury-entering-the-french-vocational-and-social-rehabilitation-programme-ueros-return-to-work-life-satisfaction-psychosocial-and-community-integration
#20
M Cogné, L Wiart, A Simion, P Dehail, J-M Mazaux
BACKGROUND: Social and vocational reintegration of persons with brain injury is an important element in their rehabilitation. AIMS: To evaluate the 5-year outcome of persons with brain injury included in 2008 in the Aquitaine Unit for Evaluation, Training and Social and Vocational Counselling programme (UEROS). METHOD: 57 persons with brain injury were recruited from those who completed the 2008 UEROS programme. Five years later, an interview was done to assess family and vocational status, autonomy and life satisfaction...
April 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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