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Occupational Therapy Neuro

Ling-Yi Lin, Pai-Chuan Huang
PURPOSE: Improved quality of life is an important outcome for adults with autism spectrum disorder. However, little research has examined factors associated with quality of life among adults with autism spectrum disorder. METHOD: This study comparing 66 adults with autism spectrum disorder (intelligence quotient > 70) aged 20-38 years with neuro-typical adults investigated their quality of life and related factors. All the participants were interviewed with questionnaires by a registered occupational therapist...
December 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Steven L Shein, Katherine Slain, Deanne Wilson-Costello, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta
OBJECTIVES: Critically ill children with bronchiolitis may require neuropharmacologic medications and support for neuro-functional sequelae, but current practices are not well described. We aimed to describe recent trends in neuropharmacology and utilization of neuro-rehabilitation resources in mechanically ventilated children with bronchiolitis. DESIGN: Analysis of the multicenter Pediatric Health Information System database. SETTING: Forty-seven U...
December 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad, Emily Piven, Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani
Walter J. Freeman pioneered the neurodynamic model of brain activity when he described the brain dynamics for cognitive information transfer as the process of circular causality at intention, meaning, and perception (IMP) levels. This view contributed substantially to establishment of the Intention, Meaning, and Perception Model of Neuro-occupation in occupational therapy. As described by the model, IMP levels are three components of the brain dynamics system, with nonlinear connections that enable cognitive function to be processed in a circular causality fashion, known as Cognitive Process of Circular Causality (CPCC)...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad, Emily F Piven, Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani
This paper explores the role of perturbance and attractor, two key nonlinear features described by the Neuro-occupation model in shaping human behavior. A convenience sample of eleven Iranian participants who had both strokes and demonstrated high resilience were recruited for this study. To explore the process of how participants fell under the influence of the perturbance and attractor, the content analysis with pre-determined categories using deductive reasoning was used. The findings suggest that perturbance and attractor exerted considerable influences on adaptation to stroke and assist in the understanding of the Neuro-occupation model...
July 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Maryam Mehdizadeh, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Roohollah Zahediyannasab
INTRODUCTION: Stroke imposes limitations on performing activities of daily living (ADL) and their level. Different therapeutic approaches are used for improving the level of performance after a stroke. This study was performed with the aim of evaluating the effect of group-based occupational therapy on improving the performance of ADL and satisfaction of its performance in patients with chronic strokes. METHODS: Fourteen chronic stroke patients with the mean age of 52 years participated in the study...
January 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
M K C Nair, Chhaya Prasad, Jeeson Unni, Anjan Bhattacharya, S S Kamath, Samir Dalwai
JUSTIFICATION: Learning Disability (LD) in children is a well-recognized developmental disorder, which has profound academic and psychosocial consequences. Due to the complex nature of LD and multiple disadvantages posed to the child due to LD, a multidisciplinary approach towards intervention is warranted. Given the paucity of evidence-based standardized treatment approaches, consensus guidelines for management of LD are needed. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai on 18th and 19th December, 2015...
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Kyeong Woo Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Jong Hwa Lee, Sook Joung Lee, Seung Wan Yoo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of a stretching and strengthening exercise program using an upper extremity robot, as compared with a conventional occupational therapy program for upper extremity spasticity in stroke patients. METHODS: Subjects were randomly divided into a robot-assisted therapy (RT) group and a conventional rehabilitation therapy (CT) group. RT group patients received RT and CT once daily for 30 minutes each, 5 days a week, for 2 weeks. RT was performed using an upper-extremity robot (Neuro-X; Apsun Inc...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Harika Dasari, Bharath Wootla, Arthur E Warrington, Moses Rodriguez
We provide an overview of rehabilitation in neurological diseases. A large amount of literature available on neurorehabilitation is based from the rehabilitative work on stroke and spinal cord injuries. After a brief description of rehabilitation, the potential application of neurorehabilitation in neurodegenerative diseases specifically multiple sclerosis (MS) is summarized. Since MS causes a wide variety of symptoms, the rehabilitation in MS patients may benefit from an interdisciplinary approach that encloses physiotherapy, cognitive rehabilitation, psychological therapy, occupational therapy, and other methods to improve fatigue...
August 2016: International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Laurence Vaivre-Douret, Christophe Lalanne, Bernard Golse
BACKGROUND: Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) defines a heterogeneous class of children exhibiting marked impairment in motor coordination as a general group of deficits in fine and gross motricity (subtype mixed group) common to all research studies, and with a variety of other motor disorders that have been little investigated. No consensus about symptoms and etiology has been established. METHODS: Data from 58 children aged 6 to 13 years with DCD were collected on DSM-IV criteria, similar to DSM-5 criteria...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
M Vahabzadeh, M Balali-Mood
Occupational exposure to elemental mercury vapor usually occurs through inhalation during its utilizations. This leads to a variety of adverse health effects. In some Islamic cities, this type of poisoning may occur during gilding of shrines using elemental mercury with gold. Herein, we report on three male patients aged 20-53 years, who were diagnosed with occupational metallic mercury poisoning due to gilding of a shrine. All patients presented with neuro-psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, loss of memory and concentration, and sleep disorders with high urinary mercury concentrations of 326-760 μg/L upon referring, 3-10 days after cessation of elemental mercury exposure...
April 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Louise Gustafsson, Laura Hutchinson, Deborah Theodoros, Katrina Williams, Anna Copley, Amy Fagan, Laura Desha
Student-led clinics are becoming more prominent as educators seek alternate models of clinical education for health professionals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate healthcare students' experiences of an interprofessional student-led clinic for clients with neurological conditions. Thirteen students representing occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and speech pathology were recruited for the study. A sequential mixed-methods evaluation was employed and the results from the Interprofessional Education Scale and focus group revealed that the students experienced positive perceptions of working collaboratively with other professions, forming good relationships with others, as well as an increased respect for the roles of other professions...
2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Anna Yam, Tyler Rickards, Carey A Pawlowski, Odette Harris, Ninad Karandikar, Maya V Yutsis
OBJECTIVE: To describe a coordinated interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of functional neurological symptom (conversion) disorder (FNSD), mixed symptoms, including motor dysfunction, in a rehabilitation setting. DESIGN: Adult patient was admitted with worsening neurological symptoms in the absence of contributory clinical pathology. Interdisciplinary diagnostic and treatment approach included physiatry, neuro- and rehabilitation- psychology, occupational, physical, recreational, and speech therapy...
February 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Farzaneh Yazdani, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Shohreh Jalaei, Mohammad Torabi-Nami
BACKGROUND: Visual attention is known as a critical base for learning. The purpose of the present study was to design, develop and evaluate the test-retest and internal consistency reliability as well as face, content and convergent validity of the computer- based selective visual attention test (SeVAT) for healthy first-grade school children. METHODS: In the first phase of this study, the computer-based SeVAT was developed in two versions of original and parallel...
2015: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Elise Piot, Benoît F Leheup, Séverine Losson, Lorène Gédor, Lucie Domina, Chantal Béhem, Malika Amanzouggarene
BACKGROUND: Interventions of mobile palliative care teams in nursing homes have been the subject special consideration, however very little data are available on this subject. OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of patients followed and consultations conducted in nursing homes for the dependent elderly by a mobile palliative care team, to describe the patients followed and to analyze the various aspects of this intervention. METHOD: Retrospective study on the interventions carried out by a mobile palliative care team in nursing homes between January 1st and December 31st, 2012...
December 2014: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
S Agarwal, Mn Akhtar
There are only few reports of clavicular duplication in the literature and all authors have agreed that duplicated clavicles are clinically insignificant. This is the first report of this unique association. A 22-year-old female student reported with features of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome mainly involving C8-T1 components of the brachial plexus, seemingly originating from involvement in costo-clavicular space. Radiograph of the shoulder revealed clavicular duplication. Neuro-physiological studies corroborated the diagnosis...
September 2014: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Katarzyna Hojan, Piotr Milecki
This review discusses the pathophysiology, evaluation, and treatment of neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, and functional disorders that can result as late effects of radiation treatment. Although radiation therapy is often an effective method of killing cancer cells, it can also damage nearby blood vessels that nourish the skin, ligaments, tendons, muscles, nerves, bones and lungs. This can result in a progressive condition called radiation fibrosis syndrome (RFS). It is generally a late complication of radiotherapy which may manifest clinically years after treatment...
January 2014: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
Anne Cusick, Natasha A Lannin, Robyn Hanssen, Jeanine Allaous
BACKGROUND/AIM: The Western Neuro Sensory Stimulation Profile (WNSSP) is designed to measure disorders of consciousness in people with severe traumatic brain injury who are slow-to-recover. This study explores internal consistency reliability and concurrent validity of the WNSSP with function and two other consciousness measures. METHOD: Retrospective chart audit of all severe traumatic brain injury patients admitted to a specialist neurological rehabilitation centre from January 2001 to December 2006 in a vegetative or minimally conscious state...
August 2014: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Osaretin Albert Taiwo Ebuehi, Oluseyi Cyril Ayinde
BACKGROUND: Lead is an environmental toxicant, occupational and environmental exposures remain a serious problem in developing and industrializing countries. OBJECTIVE: This study is designed to investigate the effects of L-ascorbic acid and L-tryptophan on the neurotoxicity and neurobehavioural alterations in lead exposed male Sprague Dawley rats. METHODS: Experimental animals were exposed to oral doses of lead (Pb), L-ascorbic acid, and L-tryptophan at 75 mg/kg body weight, 40 mg/kg body weight, and 20 mg/kg body weight respectively, while control animals received 0...
October 2012: Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine
Masahiro Abo
NEURO (NovEl intervention Using Repetitive TMS and intensive Occupational therapy) have been recently reported to be clinically beneficial for post-stroke patients with upper limb hemiparesis. We confirmed the safety and feasibility of the protocol in 1,008 post-stroke patients from different institutions, and identify predictors of the clinical response to the treatment. And in our randomized controlled study of NEURO and constraint-induced movement therapy, NEURO showed the superiority of NEURO relative to constraint-induced movement therapy; NEURO improved the motion of the whole upper limb and resulted...
2013: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Masahiro Abo, Wataru Kakuda, Ryo Momosaki, Hiroaki Harashima, Miki Kojima, Shigeto Watanabe, Toshihiro Sato, Aki Yokoi, Takuma Umemori, Jinichi Sasanuma
BACKGROUND: Many poststroke patients suffer functional motor limitation of the affected upper limb, which is associated with diminished health-related quality of life. AIMS: The aim of this study is to conduct a randomized, multicenter, comparative study of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with intensive occupational therapy, NEURO (NovEl intervention Using Repetitive TMS and intensive Occupational therapy) versus constraint-induced movement therapy in poststroke patients with upper limb hemiparesis...
July 2014: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
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