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Occupational Therapy Interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329863/understanding-the-mechanisms-of-change-in-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-older-adults
#1
Christine Juang, Bob G Knight, Mike Carlson, Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Cheryl Vigen, Florence Clark
Purpose of the Study: This study investigated the mechanisms of change underlying an activity-based lifestyle intervention, an occupational therapy program aimed at promoting healthy habits, and routines in older adults. We examined two activity-relevant factors as potential mediators linking the intervention to reduced symptoms of depression: activity frequency and global perceptions of activity significance. Social connections and perceived control were assessed to understand how activity-related factors relate to reduced symptoms of depression...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326985/book-review-driving-simulation-for-assessment-intervention-and-training-a-guide-for-occupational-therapy-and-health-care-professionals-by-classen-s-ed-classen-s-ed-2017-driving-simulation-for-assessment-intervention-and-training-a-guide-for-occupational-therapy
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#3
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317236/rehabilitation-of-revision-total-hip-replacement-a-multi-centre-survey-of-current-practice
#4
Meredith Newman, Karen Barker
BACKGROUND: Demand for revision total hip replacement (RTHR) is increasing. Outcomes after RTHR are varied, with reasonable pain relief but smaller gains in function and mobility. Whether sub-optimal rehabilitation contributes to poorer functional outcomes is unclear. Current rehabilitation is not well defined and there is little research into RTHR rehabilitation. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gather information about the current rehabilitation of patients undergoing planned, single-stage revision or re-revision THR surgery...
March 20, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304316/perspectives-and-attitudes-of-pediatricians-concerning-post-discharge-care-practice-of-premature-infants
#5
A Gad, E Parkinson, N Khawar, A Elmeki, P Narula, D Hoang
OBJECTIVE: Survival rates of premature infants are at a historical high and increasingly more pediatricians are caring for former premature infants. The goal of this study was to describe the perspectives and attitudes of pediatricians, as well as, the challenges of rendering post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge care for premature infants. METHODS: An anonymous 22-question web-based survey was emailed to pediatricians who are current members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and practicing in Kings County, New York...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288531/occupational-therapists-and-physiotherapists-perceptions-of-implementing-occupational-performance-coaching
#6
Fiona Graham, Pauline Boland, Jenny Ziviani, Sylvia Rodger
PURPOSE: Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) has been proposed as an intervention for working with caregivers towards achievement of goals for themselves and their children. Preliminary studies indicate the effectiveness of OPC; however, translation into practice requires an understanding of therapists' perceptions of applying OPC in their service delivery settings. This study explored physio- and occupational-therapists' experiences of using OPC and their perceptions of the contextual factors which influence its implementation...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286968/a-12-week-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-trial-in-patients-with-gliomas-a-feasibility-study
#7
Anders Hansen, Karen Søgaard, Lisbeth Rosenbek Minet, Jens Ole Jarden
PURPOSE: This report aims to assess the safety and feasibility of using an interdisciplinary rehabilitation intervention for a future randomized controlled trial in patients with gliomas in the initial treatment phase. METHOD: We conducted an outpatient two-part rehabilitation intervention that involved six weeks of therapeutic supervised training (part one) and six weeks of unsupervised training in a local gym following a training protocol (part two). RESULTS: Predefined feasibility objectives of safety (100%), consent rate (>80%), drop-out (<20%), adherence (>80%) and patient satisfaction (>80%) was achieved at part one...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277965/effects-of-an-occupational-therapy-hand-dominance-transfer-intervention-for-soldiers-with-crossed-hand-eye-dominance
#8
Michelle Luken, Kathleen E Yancosek
Crossed dominance (CD) is defined as an individual's dominant hand and dominant eye being on opposite sides of the body. CD negatively impacts an individual's ability to accurately aim and fire long-barreled guns. The authors developed and evaluated a hand dominance transfer (HDT) intervention to improve the M16 rifle shooting accuracy, efficiency, and skill transfer. Twenty-four U.S. Army soldiers with CD were taught how to handle and fire an M16 rifle using the nondominant hand. Training was conducted at a military, indoor laser-equipped weapons simulator...
January 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276961/skill-clusters-of-ability-to-manage-everyday-technology-among-people-with-and-without-cognitive-impairment-dementia-and-acquired-brain-injury
#9
Camilla Malinowsky, Mandana Fallahpour, Maria Larsson Lund, Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp
BACKGROUND: In order to develop supporting interventions for people demonstrating problems ET use, a detailed level of description of strengths and deficits is needed. AIMS: To explore clusters of specific performance skill required when using ET, and to evaluate if and in what way such clusters are associated with age, gender, diagnosis, and types of ETs managed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of 661 data records from 203 heterogeneous samples of participants using the Management of Everyday Technology Assessment (META) was used...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270186/total-cardiovascular-risk-for-next-10%C3%A2-years-among-rural-population-of-nepal-using-who-ish-risk-prediction-chart
#10
Mahesh Kumar Khanal, M S A Mansur Ahmed, Mohammad Moniruzzaman, Palash Chandra Banik, Raja Ram Dhungana, Pratiksha Bhandari, Surya Devkota, Arun Shayami
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Primary prevention of CVD based on total CVD risk approach using WHO/ISH risk prediction chart would be more effective to stratify population under different risk levels, prioritize and utilize the scarce resources of low and middle-income countries. This study estimated total 10-year CVD risk and determined the proportion of population who need immediate drug therapy among the rural population of Nepal...
March 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262134/interventions-in-adhd-a-comparative-review-of-stimulant-medications-and-behavioral-therapies
#11
REVIEW
Adnan Rajeh, Shabbir Amanullah, K Shivakumar, Julie Cole
ADHD has a prevalence of approximately 10% in children with evidence supporting it's continuance into adulthood. This has a significant impact on how we address treatment at substance abuse facilities and also has implications for personal and occupational functioning. A lack of evidence to support the superiority of any one intervention over the other has created difficulties for both clinicians and parents. A recent review highlights long-term and short-term outcomes (Craig et al., 2015). This article reviews the benefits and pitfalls of both pharmacological interventions and behavioral therapies in the treatment of ADHD...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256931/barriers-to-discharge-from-inpatient-rehabilitation-a-teamwork-approach
#12
Lisanne Catherine Cruz, Jeffrey S Fine, Subhadra Nori
Purpose In order to prevent adverse events during the discharge process, coordinating appropriate community resources, medication reconciliation, and patient education needs to be implemented before the patient leaves the hospital. This coordination requires communication and effective teamwork amongst staff members. In order to address these concerns, the purpose of this paper is to incorporate the TeamSTEPPS principles to develop a discharge plan that would best meet the needs of the patients as they return to the community...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256690/-sensory-integration-benefits-and-effectiveness-of-therapeutic-management-in-sensory-processing-disorders
#13
M Tudela-Torras, L Abad-Mas, E Tudela-Torras
Today, the fact that sensory integration difficulties with a neurological basis exist and that they seriously condition the development of those individuals who suffer from them is widely accepted and acknowledged as being obvious by the vast majority of professionals working in the field of community healthcare. However, less is known and there is more controversy about effective treatments that can be applied to them. This is because many professionals criticise the fact that there is not enough scientific evidence to prove, both quantitatively and empirically, the outcomes of the interventions implemented as alternatives to pharmacological therapy...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256419/evaluation-of-the-acceptability-of-a-sphygmomanometer-device-in-knee-extension-training-following-surgical-procedures-of-the-knee
#14
Hauke Horstmann, Christian Colcuc, Philipp Lobenhoffer, Christian Krettek, Thomas Sanjay Weber-Spickschen
BACKGROUND: The postoperative treatment after a standard surgical intervention such as knee arthroplasty, proximal tibial osteotomy or supracondylar osteotomy, can have an important impact on the overall treatment outcome. In most cases, outcomes are positively effected by patients receiving physiotherapy and occupational therapy. Basic movements and range of motion need to be learnt. Self-responsible behaviour, which is similar to exercise programs in sports, needs to be supported. However, in most cases the transfer of training techniques into successful and desired postoperative care is not simple...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256382/agents-of-change-the-role-of-healthcare-workers-in-the-prevention-of-nosocomial-and-occupational-tuberculosis
#15
Ruvandhi R Nathavitharana, Patricia Bond, Angela Dramowski, Koot Kotze, Philip Lederer, Ingrid Oxley, Jurgens A Peters, Chanel Rossouw, Helene-Mari van der Westhuizen, Bart Willems, Tiong Xun Ting, Arne von Delft, Dalene von Delft, Raquel Duarte, Edward Nardell, Alimuddin Zumla
Healthcare workers (HCWs) play a central role in global tuberculosis (TB) elimination efforts but their contributions are undermined by occupational TB. HCWs have higher rates of latent and active TB than the general population due to persistent occupational TB exposure, particularly in settings where there is a high prevalence of undiagnosed TB in healthcare facilities and TB infection control (TB-IC) programmes are absent or poorly implemented. Occupational health programmes in high TB burden settings are often weak or non-existent and thus data that record the extent of the increased risk of occupational TB globally are scarce...
February 27, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255598/pilot-testing-an-intervention-on-cultural-safety-and-indigenous-health-in-a-canadian-occupational-therapy-curriculum
#16
Margaret Jamieson, Shu-Ping Chen, Susanne Murphy, Laura Maracle, Amanda Mofina, Janice Hill
First-year Canadian occupational therapy students (n=27) rated their knowledge of and cultural/emotional responses to cultural safety and Indigenous health prior to and following an educational intervention led by a trained Indigenous educator. At post-intervention, students were also asked to comment on their learning experience. Pilot data of 40% of the class were analyzed using nonparametric approaches proposed by Koller and colleagues; qualitative data were explored using conventional methods. The majority of participant ratings reflected a perceived increase in knowledge and cultural/emotional responses, indicative of positive change following intervention...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253887/effectiveness-of-robot-assisted-gait-training-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-bicenter-pragmatic-randomized-cross-over-trial-pelogait
#17
C Ammann-Reiffer, C H G Bastiaenen, A D Meyer-Heim, H J A van Hedel
BACKGROUND: Walking ability is a priority for many children with cerebral palsy (CP) and their parents when considering domains of importance regarding treatment interventions. Partial body-weight supported treadmill training has become an established therapeutic treatment approach to address this demand. Further, new robotic rehabilitation technologies have increasingly been implemented in the clinical setting to allow for longer training sessions with increased step repetitions while maintaining a consistent movement pattern...
March 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251588/new-assessments-and-treatments-in-asd
#18
REVIEW
Roula N Choueiri, Andrew W Zimmerman
The assessment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is complex and remains clinical, despite advances in basic research. In this chapter, we review new and updated clinical tools, such as screening and diagnostic tests, and discuss the DSM-5 criteria introduced in 2013. We provide an algorithm to guide clinical evaluation and referrals. We also review non-behavioral treatments and summarize recent research. Current conventional treatment of ASD in children includes intensive behavioral interventions (known as applied behavioral analysis or ABA), rehabilitative services such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, social skills training, and counseling...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251243/-nonpharmacological-treatment-procedures-for-parkinson-s-disease
#19
K Witt, E Kalbe, R Erasmi, G Ebersbach
Nonpharmacological treatment strategies in Parkinson' disease include heterogeneous treatment modalities, such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, cognitive training and deep brain stimulation as well as noninvasive brain stimulation strategies. Even in the early stages of Parkinson's disease nonpharmacological interventions, such as active exercise therapy and speech therapy can be indicated taking the individual symptoms of a patient into account. Mild cognitive deficits are frequently detected in the course of the disease and progression of these disorders to dementia in the advanced stages of the disease is not uncommon...
March 1, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247406/the-cost-effectiveness-of-a-web-based-multimodal-therapy-for-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-the-mitii-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Tracy Comans, Gabor Mihala, Leanne Sakzewski, Roslyn N Boyd, Paul Scuffham
AIM: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of the Mitii training system for improvements in upper limb function for children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). Mitii is a web-based programme delivered at home with set-up and monitoring by therapists. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial was conducted comparing the Mitii training programme to usual care. The Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) were collected for each child at baseline and 20 weeks...
March 1, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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