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Occupational Therapy Interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783067/motor-retraining-more-for-functional-movement-disorders-outcomes-from-a-one-week-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program
#1
Alexandra Jacob, Darryl Kaelin, Abbey Roach, Craig Ziegler, Kathrin LaFaver
BACKGROUND: Functional Movement Disorders (FMD) are conditions of abnormal motor control thought to be caused by psychological factors. These disorders are commonly seen in neurological practice and prognosis is often poor. No consensus treatment guidelines have been established, however the role of physical therapy in addition to psychotherapy has increasingly been recognized. This study reports patient outcomes from a multidisciplinary FMD treatment program using motor retraining (MoRe) strategies...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782077/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-an-efficacy-study-for-mental-health-care-staff
#2
Ryan Askey-Jones
INTRODUCTION: Burnout is a major concern within the NHS impacting negatively on mental healthcare professionals. Evidence suggests that burnout can lead to reduced productivity and reduced quality of care for patients. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have demonstrated effectiveness in mitigating burnout for healthcare professionals; however no previous research has directly reported correlations between burnout and mindfulness. AIM: Does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) reduce burnout amongst mental healthcare professionals and are there any direct correlations between mindfulness and burnout itself?...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756556/mapping-the-scope-of-occupational-therapy-practice-in-palliative-care-a-european-association-for-palliative-care-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Gail Eva, Deidre Morgan
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists play an integral role in the care of people with life-limiting illnesses. However, little is known about the scope of occupational therapy service provision in palliative care across Europe and factors influencing service delivery. AIM: This study aimed to map the scope of occupational therapy palliative care interventions across Europe and to explore occupational therapists' perceptions of opportunities and challenges when delivering and developing palliative care services...
May 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754124/predictors-of-postoperative-rehabilitation-therapy-following-congenital-heart-surgery
#4
Ana Ubeda Tikkanen, Meena Nathan, Lynn A Sleeper, Marisa Flavin, Ana Lewis, Donna Nimec, John E Mayer, Pedro Del Nido
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital heart disease are at risk of motor, cognitive, speech, and feeding difficulties after cardiac surgery. Rehabilitation therapy could improve functional outcomes in this population if applied in the acute postcardiac surgical in-hospital stay. However, information on the types of acute postcardiac surgery therapy needs in children is scarce. Our goal was to describe rehabilitation therapy following congenital heart surgery and pre/intraoperative factors associated with need for therapy...
May 12, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752028/the-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-co-op-approach-best-responders-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-brain-injury
#5
Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak, Natasha A Lannin, Claire Galea, Elspeth Froude
BACKGROUND: Identifying the characteristics of individuals who are most likely to respond to a certain rehabilitation intervention is advantageous for the child, family, clinicians and the healthcare system. AIM: To investigate the individual characteristics of children with cerebral palsy or brain injury who responded best to the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) Approach. METHODS: Post hoc analyses were conducted on 30 participants who participated in CO-OP within a larger randomized controlled trial...
May 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743062/-we-don-t-want-our-clothes-to-smell-smoke-changing-malaria-control-practices-and-opportunities-for-integrated-community-based-management-in-baringo-kenya
#6
Jacinter A Amadi, Daniel O Olago, George O Ong'amo, Silas O Oriaso, Isaac K Nyamongo, Benson B A Estambale
BACKGROUND: The decline in global malaria cases is attributed to intensified utilization of primary vector control interventions and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). These strategies are inadequate in many rural areas, thus adopting locally appropriate integrated malaria control strategies is imperative in these heterogeneous settings. This study aimed at investigating trends and local knowledge on malaria and to develop a framework for malaria control for communities in Baringo, Kenya...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739632/outcomes-and-factors-influencing-response-to-an-individualized-multidisciplinary-chronic-disease-management-program-for-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis
#7
David P Gwynne-Jones, Andrew R Gray, Liam R Hutton, Kirsten M Stout, J Haxby Abbott
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of, and factors associated with, response to a chronic disease management program for patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Over a 2-year period (2012-2014), 218 patients (97 hip OA; 121 knee OA) were managed with an individualized program of interventions that could include education, physiotherapy, orthotics, occupational therapy, or dietitian referral. Changes in Oxford Hip Score or Oxford Knee Score and Short Form-12 (SF-12) Physical and Mental Component Summary Score (PCS, MCS) were analyzed by joint affected, both unadjusted, and gender and age adjusted...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729677/evaluation-of-%C3%A2-vivir-mi-vida-to-improve-health-and-wellness-of-rural-dwelling-late-middle-aged-latino-adults-results-of-a-feasibility-and-pilot-study-of-a-lifestyle-intervention
#8
Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Jeanine Blanchard, Cheryl L P Vigen, Jenny Martínez, Laura Guzmán, Alyssa Concha, Michelle Fluke, Mike Carlson
AimThe aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and efficacy of a culturally tailored lifestyle intervention, ¡Vivir Mi Vida! (Live My Life!). This intervention was designed to improve the health and well-being of high risk late middle-aged Latino adults and to be implemented in a rural primary care system. BACKGROUND: Rural-dwelling Latino adults experience higher rates of chronic disease compared with their urban counterparts, a disparity exacerbated by limited access to healthcare services...
May 6, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722750/a-survey-of-canadian-occupational-therapy-practices-to-prevent-pressure-injuries-among-wheelchair-users-via-weight-shifting
#9
W Ben Mortenson, Sarah C Thompson, Alison L Wright, Jeanette Boily, Kevin Waldorf, Sandy Leznoff
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe occupational therapy weight-shifting practices and explore recommended strategies for patients, healthcare staff, and family/caregivers across healthcare settings. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Respondents included 97 currently practicing occupational therapists working in 5 main practice settings (ie, acute care, inpatient rehabilitation, outpatient rehabilitation, home and community care, and residential) from 9 out of 10 Canadian provinces...
May 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721331/the-development-of-an-occupational-therapy-intervention-for-adults-with-a-diagnosed-psychotic-disorder-following-discharge-from-hospital
#10
Mary Birken, Claire Henderson, Mike Slade
Background: A deterioration in mental health and admission to an acute mental health unit can result in skill loss and decreased participation in daily life. Furthermore, discharge from hospital is associated with high risks of social isolation and suicide. This intervention development study aims to describe the rationale, methods and processes of developing an intervention for adults with a diagnosed psychotic disorder following discharge from hospital. The intervention aims to increase participation in self-care and leisure, wellbeing and quality of life and reduce crisis service use...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714065/the-mandate-and-work-of-icrp-committee-3-on-radiological-protection-in-medicine
#11
D L Miller, C J Martin, M M Rehani
The mandate of Committee 3 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) is concerned with the protection of persons and unborn children when ionising radiation is used in medical diagnosis, therapy, and biomedical research. Protection in veterinary medicine has been newly added to the mandate. Committee 3 develops recommendations and guidance in these areas. The most recent documents published by ICRP that relate to radiological protection in medicine are 'Radiological protection in cone beam computed tomography' (ICRP Publication 129) and 'Radiological protection in ion beam radiotherapy' (ICRP Publication 127)...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706199/management-of-long-term-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-with-allodynia-a-case-report
#12
Isabelle Quintal, Laurent Poiré-Hamel, Daniel Bourbonnais, Joseph-Omer Dyer
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. INTRODUCTION: Conventional rehabilitation alone may not be effective in reducing symptoms in some patients with complex regional pain syndrome. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This case report portrays the benefits of a new tailored rehabilitation program for a 39-year-old patient suffering from upper limb complex regional pain syndrome with severe touch-evoked pain (static mechanical allodynia). METHODS: This patient had previously received conventional rehabilitation for a year and a half including physical and nonsurgical medical interventions that did not improve symptoms or function...
April 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703004/a-rational-emotive-stress-management-intervention-for-reducing-job-burnout-and-dysfunctional-distress-among-special-education-teachers-an-effect-study
#13
Samuel C Ugwoke, Chiedu Eseadi, Liziana N Onuigbo, Eucharia N Aye, Immaculata N Akaneme, Angie I Oboegbulem, Ifeyinwa O Ezenwaji, Anthonia U Nwobi, Okechukwu O Nwaubani, Bernedeth N Ezegbe, Moses O Ede, Chibueze T Orji, Joseph C Onuoha, Eucharia U Onu, Francisca Okeke, Patricia Agu, Joachim C Omeje, Faith Omeke, Romanus Ugwu, Florence Arumede, Annastasia Eneh
BACKGROUND: Job-related burnout and distress are adverse stress responses which affect individuals in their occupational environment. This study aimed at investigating the effect of a rational-emotive stress management program on job burnout and dysfunctional distress among special education teachers in Nigeria. METHODS: A pretest-posttest randomized control group design was used. The participants in the study were 54 special education teachers. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702070/effects-of-home-based-versus-clinic-based-rehabilitation-combining-mirror-therapy-and-task-specific-training-for-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#14
Yu-Wei Hsieh, Ku-Chou Chang, Jen-Wen Hung, Ching-Yi Wu, Mu-Hui Fu, Chih-Chi Chen
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the treatment effects of a home-based rehabilitation program compared with clinic-based rehabilitation in patients with stroke. DESIGN: A single-blinded, 2-sequence, 2-period, crossover-designed study. SETTING: Rehabilitation clinics and participant's home environment. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with disabilities after a stroke. INTERVENTIONS: During each intervention period, each participant received 12 training sessions, with a 4-week washout phase between the 2 periods...
April 24, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701509/the-effect-of-an-occupational-therapy-mental-health-day-treatment-centre-on-the-use-of-inpatient-services-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#15
Riekie Engelbrecht, Nicola Plastow, Ulla Botha, Djh Niehaus, Liezl Koen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether attendance at an occupational therapy-led day treatment centre for mental health care users affects the use of inpatient services in South Africa. METHODS: A retrospective pre-test/post-test quasi-experimental study design was used to compare admissions and days spent in hospital during the 24 months before and after attendance at the centre, using the hospital's electronic records. Total population sampling yielded data for 44 mental health care users who made first contact with the service between July 2009 and June 2010...
April 27, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696181/assessing-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-potential-effectiveness-of-a-behavioral-automaticity-focused-lifestyle-intervention-for-african-americans-with-metabolic-syndrome-the-pick-two-to-stick-to-protocol
#16
Heather Fritz, Aaron Brody, Philip Levy
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) significantly increases the risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Being physically active and eating a healthy diet can reduce MetS risk factors. Too frequently, however, studies report that the effects of interventions targeting those factors are not maintained once interventions are withdrawn. A potential solution to the problem is targeting behavioral automaticity (habit-development) to aid in initiation and maintenance of health-behavior changes...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689505/childhood-adversities-as-predictors-of-improvement-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-global-functioning-in-solution-focused-and-short-and-long-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-during-a-5-year-follow-up
#17
Erkki Heinonen, Paul Knekt, Tommi Härkänen, Esa Virtala, Olavi Lindfors
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversities are frequent among adults who seek treatment for depression or anxiety. These disorders are commonly treated by psychotherapy. Yet it is not known if specific types or durations of psychotherapy are particularly suited for patients who have suffered various early adversities. METHODS: 221 depressed and anxious adult outpatients from community, student, occupational, and private healthcare services filled the Childhood Family Atmosphere Questionnaire...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689185/implementation-intentions-for-self-selected-occupational-therapy-goals-two-case-reports
#18
Mary Vining Radomski, Gordon Giles, Marsha Finkelstein, Jenny Owens, Mark Showers, Joette Zola
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the feasibility of an intervention combining metacognitive strategy instruction (MSI) with training in implementation intentions for adults with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Implementation intentions are written premade decision statements specifying when, where, and how goal behaviors are to be enacted. METHOD: Two participants with mTBI received a six-session intervention that included setting a daily implementation intention for an occupational therapy goal...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689182/occupational-therapy-for-nonoperative-four-part-proximal-humerus-fracture-a-case-report
#19
William P Finley, Steve Van Lew
OBJECTIVE: Proximal humerus fractures are highly traumatic and debilitating. Surgical fixation may be contraindicated in older clients, thus requiring a systematic rehabilitation protocol. These clients may suffer loss of independence and require long-term assistance if not treated properly. METHOD: In this case report, we describe the occupation-based conservative rehabilitation of a retired male client after a four-part proximal humerus fracture. Outcome measurements used were the QuickDASH, the Numeric Rating Scale for Pain, goniometric measurements, and manual muscle testing...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689180/occupational-therapy-in-an-intensive-comprehensive-aphasia-program-performance-and-satisfaction-outcomes
#20
Anne A Escher, Aditi M Amlani, Angela M Viani, Sue Berger
In this study, we examined the effectiveness of a community-based, occupational therapy intervention situated within an intensive comprehensive aphasia program (ICAP). Occupational therapy interventions addressed goals of participants with chronic stroke and aphasia for improving their satisfaction with and performance of instrumental activities of daily living, social participation, leisure, work, and volunteer activities. Over 3 yr, 19 people with chronic stroke and aphasia participated in a month-long, intensive, interprofessional, community-based program...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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