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Occupational Therapy Interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135431/intervention-to-improve-medication-management-qualitative-outcomes-from-a-phase-i-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jaclyn K Schwartz, Kimberly A Grogan, Melissa J Mutch, Emily B Nowicki, Elizabeth A Seidel, Stefanie A Woelfel, Roger O Smith
OBJECTIVES: We sought to define an occupational therapy intervention to promote medication management and to evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of the intervention. METHOD: Nineteen adults with chronic health conditions and poor medication adherence participated in a two-group, blinded, randomized study. They received either an occupational therapy or a standard care intervention. We used a qualitative method to measure participants' changes in medication management through an interview regarding participants' perceptions and behaviors...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135430/impact-of-a-fieldwork-experience-on-attitudes-toward-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#2
Allison Sullivan, Rochelle Mendonca
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the effects of curriculum activities on changing attitudes of health professional students toward people with intellectual disabilities (IDs). METHOD: A nonrandomized, pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were college students assigned to one of three groups: two groups of students from different years in the occupational therapy program and one group of public health students. Each group completed the Attitudes Toward Intellectual Disabilities Questionnaire before and after each intervention...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132970/at-home-and-in-group-delivery-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-in-children-with-hemiparesis-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Emilie Durand, Pascale Plante, Andrey-Anne Pelletier, Johanie Rondeau, Frédérique Simard, Julien Voisin
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is increasingly recognized as an effective therapy for children with hemiparesis. However, the effectiveness of CIMT outside the standard rehabilitation protocol in clinical settings is less known. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of CIMT conducted at home or in a group. METHODS: We searched CINAHL, PubMed and ScienceDirect in August 2017 to select articles of studies investigating the impact of CIMT performed at home and in a group on affected upper-limb ability, occupational performance, and quality of life of children...
November 11, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#4
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123562/the-role-of-occupational-and-physiotherapy-in-multi-modal-approach-to-tackling-delirium-in-the-intensive-care
#5
REVIEW
Jenny Rains, Nigel Chee
The presence of delirium within critical care remains a long-standing challenge for patients and clinicians alike. A myriad of pre-disposing and precipitating factors lead to this patient cohort being high risk for developing delirium during their critical care stay. Until now, non-pharmacological management of these patients usually encompasses a 'bundle' of principles to reduce delirium days. These bundles have limited focus on the entire multi-disciplinary team (including occupational therapists and physiotherapists) who could assist with the reduction of delirium...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121882/effectiveness-of-balancing-everyday-life-bel-versus-standard-occupational-therapy-for-activity-engagement-and-functioning-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-cluster-rct-study
#6
Mona Eklund, Carina Tjörnstrand, Mikael Sandlund, Elisabeth Argentzell
BACKGROUND: Many with a mental illness have an impoverished everyday life with few meaningful activities and a sedentary lifestyle. The study aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of the 16-week Balancing Everyday Life (BEL) program, compared to care as usual (CAU), for people with mental illness in specialized and community-based psychiatric services. The main outcomes concerned different aspects of subjectively evaluated everyday activities, in terms of the engagement and satisfaction they bring, balance among activities, and activity level...
November 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121776/psychosocial-benefits-of-cooking-interventions-a-systematic-review
#7
Nicole Farmer, Katherine Touchton-Leonard, Alyson Ross
OBJECTIVES: Cooking interventions are used in therapeutic and rehabilitative settings; however, little is known about the influence of these interventions on psychosocial outcomes. This systematic review examines the research evidence regarding the influence of cooking interventions on psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature examined peer-reviewed research using Embase, PubMed, CINALH Plus, and PsychInfo with the following search terms: cooking, culinary, baking, food preparation, cookery, occupational therapy, mental health, mood, psychosocial, affect, confidence, self-confidence, self-esteem, socialization, and rehabilitation...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119827/a-two-week-inpatient-programme-with-a-booster-improved-long-term-management-of-severe-chronic-paediatric-pain
#8
János Major, Zsófia K Varga, Andrea Gyimesi-Szikszai, Szilvia Ádám
In the context of limited healthcare resources and increasing demands for more cost-effective healthcare solutions, this study assessed the short- and long-term clinical outcomes and resource utilization of a two-week inpatient, interdisciplinary, pain treatment (IIPT) including individual and group cognitive behavioural, occupational, physical and recreational therapy, education and family intervention and a booster in the chronic paediatric pain setting. Using a longitudinal design with a two-year follow-up, two-week IIPT resulted in sustainable improvements in mean and maximum pain intensity, physical functioning and internalization and reductions in the mean number of medical visits, school absence and frequency of pain medication at year 2 following IIPT...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111462/successful-treatment-of-multifactorial-chronic-daily-headaches-at-an-interdisciplinary-chronic-pain-program-a-case-study
#9
Sarah A Mihalov, Karina Bouffard, Jeffrey R Cara
Chronic daily headaches (CDH) are common, disabling, and difficult to treat. We report a case of a patient with complex medical history experiencing multifactorial CDH referred for and eventually enrolled in an interdisciplinary chronic pain program. Focusing on enhancing the patient's function while minimizing the use of medications and invasive procedures, this comprehensive rehabilitation intervention consists of diverse treatment approaches, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, physical and occupational therapy, and medical interventions...
October 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097978/the-development-of-a-measurement-tool-evaluating-knowledge-related-to-sensory-processing-among-graduate-occupational-therapy-students-a-process-description
#10
Bryan M Gee, Kelly Thompson, Jane Strickland, Lucy Jane Miller
With an increased demand arising from stake holders to provide more complex clinical experiences and to have students better prepared for clinical rotations, educators need to develop instructional tasks and measures to teach and assess clinical reasoning. The purpose of this article is to highlight a clinical simulation measure revolving around the A SECRET reasoning approach, which is also generalizable to other conditions and interventions. Preliminary findings of 1st year Master of Occupational Therapy students (n = 8) who took part in a pilot of the A SECRET case scenario reported positive, yet not strong, attitudes toward the A SECRET assessment and the sensory processing related content delivered in an online format as a part of a larger study...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097975/the-role-of-the-occupational-therapist-in-disaster-areas-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
M Parente, M Tofani, R De Santis, G Esposito, V Santilli, G Galeoto
Background: Disasters are increasingly more frequent events on our planet. During disaster the role of the occupational therapist will require a more specific operative framework within nongovernmental organizations and community health services. Design: Systematic review. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the evidence that highlight occupational therapist's role in disaster area through a systematic review. Materials and Methods: Research on MEDLINE was performed...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097965/fatigue-and-activity-management-education-for-individuals-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
Ruth O'Riordan, Michele Doran, Deirdre Connolly
Background: Fatigue and Activity Management Education (FAME) is a six-week occupational therapy-led programme focusing on fatigue and stress management, exercise, nutrition, and joint protection. Each session consists of education and goal setting. Objectives of Study: To assess the impact of FAME on occupational participation and fatigue management. Methods: Three programmes were facilitated with twenty-one women with SLE. A mixed methods design was used...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097961/exploring-cultural-competence-amongst-ot-students
#13
Pragashnie Govender, December M Mpanza, Tarryn Carey, Kwenzile Jiyane, Bicolé Andrews, Sam Mashele
Occupational therapy relies primarily on communication between the therapist and client for effective intervention. Adequate communication may be influenced by language and cultural differences between the therapist and client. Cultural competence in relation to language and culture is thus a vital part in practice. Limited research exists on cultural competence in occupational therapy students. This study thus aimed to explore the cultural competence of final year students and their perceptions of their own cultural competence, with respect to language and culture in their practice as students...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095167/feasibility-of-early-motor-assisted-upper-extremity-cycle-ergometry-in-critically-ill-neurological-patients-with-upper-extremity-weakness-and-variable-cognitive-status-a-case-series
#14
S Deluzio, I Vora, S Kumble, E K Zink, R D Stevens, M N Bahouth
Upper extremity paresis, common in many neurological conditions, is a major contributor of long-term disability and decreased quality of life. Evidence shows that repetitive, bilateral arm movement improves upper extremity coordination after neurological injury. However, it is difficult to integrate upper extremity interventions into very early rehabilitation of critically ill neurological patients due to patient arousal and medical acuity. This report describes the safety and feasibility of bilateral upper extremity cycling in critically ill neurological patients with bilateral or unilateral paresis...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083265/the-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-approach-and-transfer-a-scoping-review
#15
Adina Houldin, Sara E McEwen, Mackenzie W Howell, Helene J Polatajko
Transferring learning from therapy to everyday life skills is a necessary step for successful therapy outcomes, yet rarely addressed and achieved. However, a cognitive approach to skill acquisition, and the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP), explicitly identifies transfer as an objective and incorporates elements into the intervention to support transfer. A scoping review was undertaken to explore the nature and extent of the research regarding CO-OP and transfer. An online search of 10 databases was conducted to identify and examine research studies reporting on CO-OP and transfer...
October 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072027/effect-of-stretching-based-rehabilitation-on-pain-flexibility-and-muscle-strength-in-dancers-with-hamstring-injury-a-single-blind-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Giwon Kim, Hyangsun Kim, Woo K Kim, Junesun Kim
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries commonly occur in mainstream sports and occupations that involve physical activity. We evaluated the effect of a stretching-based rehabilitation program on pain, flexibility, and strength in dancers with hamstring injuries. METHODS: Sixteen Korean traditional dancers with unilateral hamstring injuries were included and randomly assigned to a rehabilitation or control group. The rehabilitation group received stretching-based rehabilitation for 8 weeks, which comprised simple static stretches and basic range of motion (ROM) exercises, such as static and active stretching, concentric and eccentric ROM training, and trunk stabilization exercises...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058508/translation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-interdisciplinary-education-perception-scale
#17
Brett Williams, Marty Lynch, Alex Olaussen, Hanna Lachmann, Susanne Kalén, Sari Ponzer
Interprofessional education (IPE) is widely accepted worldwide, as a key part of training for health professionals and critical to an effective, patient-centred healthcare system. Several tools have been developed to evaluate IPE programmes and interventions globally. Many of the widely-used tools have been successfully adapted to suit specific cohorts and different languages; the Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale (IEPS), however, has not yet been translated and validated for use in Sweden. The aim of this study was to translate the IEPS into Swedish and validate the psychometric properties of this new version...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051044/the-effect-of-health-on-socioeconomic-status-using-instrumental-variables-to-revisit-a-successful-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Madeleine I G Daepp, Mariana C Arcaya
Poor health is widely recognized as a consequence of social disadvantage, but health problems may also help transmit social disadvantage over time and generations. Experimentally assigned health exposures, namely those tested in randomized controlled trials, may provide opportunities to estimate the causal effects of health on socioeconomic status (SES). We revisit data from the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial, a randomized controlled trial of glucose control therapy in Type 1 diabetic patients, and use treatment assignment as an instrument for health status to test the causal effect of treatment-related health improvement on subsequent SES measured during the trial's follow-up study, the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study...
September 25, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042299/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-spasticity-in-adults-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#19
REVIEW
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Djamel Bensmail, Alain Yelnik
OBJECTIVES: Spasticity causes significant long-term disability-burden, requiring comprehensive management. This review evaluates evidence from published systematic reviews of clinical trials for effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for improved spasticity outcomes. METHODS: Data sources: a literature search was conducted using medical and health science electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library) databases for published systematic reviews up to 15th June 2017...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041916/early-coordinated-rehabilitation-in-acute-phase-after-hip-fracture-a-model-for-increased-patient-participation
#20
Gillian Asplin, Gunnel Carlsson, Lena Zidén, Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that patients with hip fracture treated in a Comprehensive Geriatric Care (CGC) unit report better results in comparison to orthopaedic care. Furthermore, involving patients in their healthcare by encouraging patient participation can result in better quality of care and improved outcomes. To our knowledge no study has been performed comparing rehabilitation programmes within a CGC unit during the acute phase after hip fracture with focus on improving patients' perceived participation and subsequent effect on patients' function...
October 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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