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Occupational Therapy Interventions

Marwan Diab, Yasser Abu Jamei, Ashraf Kagee, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health issues. METHODS: The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Sang-Min Seo
[Purpose] This study investigates the effects of group occupational therapy using a cueing system on the executive function of preschool-aged children with brain lesions. [Subjects and Methods] Six preschool-aged children with brain lesions participated in this study. A 24-session occupational therapy program (1 session/week, 50 minutes/session) designed based on a cueing system was administered to examine the changes in the participants' executive function. The behavior rating inventory of executive function-preschool (BRIEF-P) was used to check the magnitude of improvement of executive functions after therapy...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Pratima Murthy
While guidelines for psychosocial interventions in addictive disorders in India were earlier rooted in clinical experience and global empirical evidence, recently there have been efforts to develop guidelines for intervention based on the local needs assessments of specific populations and more appreciably, a testing of the effectiveness of the interventions. This supplement on psychosocial interventions for addictive disorders covers some of the important aspects of psychosocial interventions in five sections...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Miia Rahja, Tracy Comans, Lindy Clemson, Maria Crotty, Kate Laver
With the ageing of the world's population comes significant implications for nearly all sectors of society, including health and aged care spending. Health and aged care systems need to respond to the increasing need for services for older people. Occupational therapy is concerned with maintaining a person's functional independence and well-being from preventative and treatment perspectives. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the costs and outcomes of occupational therapy for people with cognitive and/or functional decline...
March 12, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Giles Gyer, Jimmy Michael, James Inklebarger
Hand injury is the second most common work-related musculoskeletal injury among physical therapists (PTs) and other manual therapy professionals such as osteopaths, physiotherapists, chiropractors, acupuncturists and massage therapists. However, the nature and extent of this problem have not been fully explored yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to review the existing literature published on the prevalence, risk factors, consequences, and prevention of hand injuries among PTs and similar healthcare professionals...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Franziska Nickel, Janina Barth, Peter L Kolominsky-Rabas
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to review the literature on trial-based economic evaluations of non-pharmacological interventions directly targeted at persons with dementia as well as persons with mild cognitive impairment and their respective caregivers. METHODS: A systematic literature research was conducted for the timeframe from 2010 to 2016 in the following databases: Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, EconLit, Embase, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO and PubMed...
March 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Jessica Trevena-Peters, Adam McKay, Jennie Ponsford
It is uncertain whether therapy delivered during posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) following traumatic brain injury can be effective due to risk of agitation and poor learning capacity. This study used goal attainment scaling (GAS) to assess gains in activities of daily living (ADL) retraining during PTA. Occupational therapists' perspectives on goal setting and therapy delivery were also explored qualitatively. Forty-nine rehabilitation inpatients were provided with manualised ADL retraining following errorless and procedural learning principles during PTA...
March 8, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Cara MacRae, Swana Kopalakrishnan, Lena Faust, Michael Klowak, Adrienne Showler, Stefanie A Klowak, Andrea K Boggild
Background: Leprosy is a potentially debilitating disease of the skin and nerves that requires a complex management approach consisting of laboratory monitoring, screening for factors that will adversely affect outcome with corticosteroids, engagement of allied health services, and prolonged follow-up. Given the complexities of leprosy management, a safety tool was developed and implemented in the Tropical Disease Unit at Toronto General Hospital. Our objective was to evaluate the utility of the tool using a retrospective chart review...
2018: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
Emma Wheeler, Constance L Coogle, Robert C Fix, Myra G Owens, Leland H Waters
AIMS: Evaluate changes in physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) practice following evidence-based practice (EBP) interprofessional modules that teach assessments and interventions to reduce falls in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Medical records of post-fall patients in three Programs of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) sites were analyzed to assess differences in documented falls and the OT and PT use of EBP assessment and interventions implemented following fall prevention training...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Chien-Lin Lin, Chin-Kai Lin, Jia-Jhen Yu
Introduction: This study aims to explore the impact of Parent Participation Program on the development of developmental delay children. Methods: Pretest-posttest equivalent-group experimental design study was used in this paper. A total of 30 pairs of developmental delay children aged 0-72 months and their parents participated into this study. They were divided into two groups, namely control group and experimental group, according to parents' wishes. The objects of study in control group received 16 courses of direct rehabilitation therapy; those in experimental group received 8 courses of direct rehabilitation therapy and 8 courses of instruction and tracking of Parent Participation Program...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Jeri Hahn-Markowitz, Itai Berger, Iris Manor, Adina Maeir
AIM: The family context of children with ADHD plays a role in intervention outcomes, especially when parents are involved in treatment. Parental participation in evidence-based treatment for ADHD may play a role in improving their own parenting self-efficacy (PSE) as well as child outcomes. This study examined the impact of Cognitive-Functional (Cog-Fun) intervention in occupational therapy (OT) for school-aged children with ADHD, on PSE. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial with crossover design, 107 children were allocated to intervention and waitlist control groups...
March 1, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
E Fernandez-Gomez, A Sanchez-Cabeza
INTRODUCTION: Motor imagery or mental practice of movement is a relatively new intervention that is being used on an increasingly more frequently basis in the treatment of stroke patients. It consists in the person evoking a movement or gesture in order to learn or improve its execution. Neuroimaging studies have shown that imagining movements activates neuronal patterns that are similar to those produced when they are actually performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted between January and June 2017 in the Web of Science, PubMed, CINHAL, PEDro and Scopus databases to select clinical trials carried out with stroke patients in whom this technique was used as rehabilitation...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Christopher M Wilson, Christina L Mitchell, Katherine M Hebert
Cerebellar stroke increases the risk of extensive physical disability and long-term institutionalization. The purpose of this case report is to describe the 14-month longitudinal rehabilitation management and outcomes from the intensive care unit, inpatient rehabilitation unit and outpatient care of a patient after cerebellar stroke. A goal of this case report is to provide rehabilitation clinicians with a long-term perspective and understanding of the course of recovery for a patient after cerebellar cerebrovascular accident or related injury...
December 14, 2017: Curēus
Hadeel R Bakhsh, Jaleel Mohammed, Shahrukh K Hashmi
The aim of this review is to show the importance of occupational therapy/hand therapy for chronic graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) patients and to outline the current state of the literature. GVHD of the hand can cause functional loss, reduced activities of daily life, poor social interaction, and loss of income because of limitations in work. Hand therapy, which is a specialty practised by both occupational therapists and physical therapists, has been proven to be an effective approach for hand-related musculoskeletal disorders; however, the literature search suggests that it is an underutilized specialty around the world...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Kimberly S Erler, Shannon B Juengst, Diane L Smith, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Thomas A Novack, Jennifer A Bogner, Jamie Kaminski, Joseph T Giacino, Gale G Whiteneck
Participation is often considered a primary goal of traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation, but little is known about the influence of driving on participation after TBI. The objective of this study was to examine the independent contribution of driving status to participation at 5 years post TBI, after controlling for demographic, psychosocial, and functional factors. Participants ( N = 2,456) were community-dwelling individuals with moderate to severe TBI, age 18 to 65 at time of injury, and enrolled in the TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) National Database (NDB)...
February 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Paulette Guitard, Lucie Brosseau, George A Wells, Nicole Paquet, Gail Paterson, Karine Toupin-April, Sabrina Cavallo, Sibel Z Aydin, Guillaume Léonard, Gino De Angelis
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hand osteoarthritis (HOA) has been reported to be higher amongst women over 50 years old (66%) compared to men of the same age (34%). Although exercise therapy has been shown effective in reducing symptoms and disability associated with HOA, adherence to treatment programs remains low. The primary objective of this RCT is to examine the effectiveness of a 12-week knitting program for morning stiffness (primary outcome) and pain relief (secondary outcome) 2 h post-wakening in females (aged 50 to 85 years old) with mild to moderate hand osteoarthritis (HOA)...
February 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Stephanie Rouch, Elizabeth R Skidmore
Therapist approach and feedback during rehabilitation may influence patient outcomes. It is unclear how much guided cueing, the approach used in strategy training, is present in usual rehabilitation care. We compared the frequency of guided and directed cueing in strategy training sessions with cueing in usual care occupational and physical therapy. We videotaped strategy training, occupational therapy, and physical therapy sessions among 20 patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation after stroke. Using a standardized coding scheme, we coded and analyzed frequencies of therapists' cues (guided or directed)...
February 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Priscilla Harries, Carolyn Unsworth, Hulya Gokalp, Miranda Davies, Christopher Tomlinson, Luke Harries
BACKGROUND: Driving licensing jurisdictions require detailed assessments of fitness-to-drive from occupational therapy driver assessors (OTDAs). We developed decision training based on the recommendations of expert OTDAs, to enhance novices' capacity to make optimal fitness-to-drive decisions. The aim of this research was to determine effectiveness of training on novice occupational therapists' ability to make fitness-to-drive decisions. METHODS: A double blind, parallel, randomised controlled trial was conducted to test the effectiveness of decision training on novices' fitness-to-drive recommendations...
February 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Aline Corvol, Alix Netter, Arnaud Campeon, Dominique Somme
BACKGROUND: The French National Alzheimer Plan 2008-2012 created specialized Alzheimer teams, which provide up to 15 sessions of cognitive rehabilitation in the patient's home for 3 months. Sessions are conducted by an occupational therapist and a gerontological nursing assistant. OBJECTIVES: As the patient's experience is one determinant of successful implementation, we explored the usefulness of these teams as viewed by the patient and his or her main caregiver...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Nicole Baumer, Sarah J Spence
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined by deficits in social communication and the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests. This article provides the tools to diagnose and manage patients with autism spectrum disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Autism spectrum disorder is a heterogeneous condition with varying presentations, multiple etiologies, and a number of comorbidities that impact the course and management of the disorder...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
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