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Occupational Therapy Interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071974/from-ancient-greece-to-the-cognitive-revolution-a-comprehensive-view-of-physical-rehabilitation-sciences
#1
David Martínez-Pernía, Óscar González-Castán, David Huepe
The development of rehabilitation has traditionally focused on measurements of motor disorders and measurements of the improvements produced during the therapeutic process; however, physical rehabilitation sciences have not focused on understanding the philosophical and scientific principles in clinical intervention and how they are interrelated. The main aim of this paper is to explain the foundation stones of the disciplines of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech/language therapy in recovery from motor disorder...
January 10, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052703/a-client-centred-programme-focusing-energy-conservation-for-people-with-heart-failure
#2
Eva-Britt Norberg, Britta Löfgren, Kurt Boman, Patrik Wennberg, Margareta Brännström
AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe clients and occupational therapists (OTs) experiences of a home-based programme focusing energy conservation strategies (ECS) for clients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: The programme, based on occupational therapy intervention process model (OTIPM), was led by two OTs in primary health care. Five clients' self-reported activities of daily living (ADL), fatigue, depression, goal achievements and use of ECS...
January 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050939/book-review-stroke-interventions-to-support-occupational-performance-neurorehabilitation-in-occupational-therapy-series-wolf-timothy-j-ed-2014-stroke-interventions-to-support-occupational-performance-neurorehabilitation-in-occupational-therapy-series-vol-2
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049480/effectiveness-of-sensor-monitoring-in-an-occupational-therapy-rehabilitation-program-for-older-individuals-after-hip-fracture-the-so-hip-trial-study-protocol-of-a-three-arm-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Margriet C Pol, Gerben Ter Riet, Margo van Hartingsveldt, Ben Kröse, Sophia E de Rooij, Bianca M Buurman
BACKGROUND: The performance of activities of daily living (ADL) at home is important for the recovery of older individuals after hip fracture. However, 20-90% of these individuals lose ADL function and never fully recover. It is currently unknown to what extent occupational therapy (OT) with coaching based on cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) improves recovery. The same holds for sensor monitoring-based coaching in addition to OT. Here, we describe the design of a study investigating the effect of sensor monitoring embedded in an OT rehabilitation program on the recovery of ADL among older individuals after hip fracture...
January 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045799/effects-of-brief-communication-skills-training-for-workers-based-on-the-principles-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Norio Sasaki, Hironori Somemura, Saki Nakamura, Megumi Yamamoto, Manabu Isojima, Issei Shinmei, Masaru Horikoshi, Katsutoshi Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: Stimulating communication is an important workplace issue. We investigated the effects of a brief communication skills training (CST) program based on the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 206 white-collar workers. The intervention group underwent a 2-hour CST group training conducted by an occupational physician. RESULT: The results of the intention-to-treat analysis using a mixed-effects model showed that there was a significant interaction between group and time observed for the item "thinking together to solve problems and issues" (P = 0...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027049/occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Scott Tomchek, Kristie Patten Koenig, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman
Evidence Connection articles provide a clinical application of systematic reviews developed in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) Evidence-Based Practice Project. In this Evidence Connection article, we describe a case report of an adolescent with autism spectrum disorder. The occupational therapy assessment and treatment processes for school, home, community, and transition settings are described. Findings from the systematic reviews on this topic were published in the September/October 2015 issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy and in AOTA's Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027046/factors-associated-with-success-in-an-occupational-rehabilitation-program-for-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders
#7
Mark E Hardison, Shawn C Roll
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are a significant burden; however, no consensus has been reached on how to maximize occupational rehabilitation programs for people with these disorders, and the impact of simulating work tasks as a mode of intervention has not been well examined. In this retrospective cohort study, the authors used logistic regression to identify client and program factors predicting success for 95 clients in a general occupational rehabilitation program and 71 clients in a comprehensive occupational rehabilitation program...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027045/role-of-occupational-therapy-in-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-with-recycling-workers-a-pilot-study
#8
Thomas Fisher
Little is known about injury prevention in recycling workers; therefore, in this study, I aimed to identify physical and psychosocial risk factors for employees involved in single-stream recycling and to explore strategies for prevention and wellness. Fifteen participants who were either recycling workers or supervisors located throughout seven locations on an urban university campus participated. A mixed-methods research design was used to obtain data through a variety of standardized work environment and health questionnaires and semistructured interviews...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027042/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#9
Patricia Siegel, Melissa Tencza, Beverly Apodaca, Janet L Poole
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the efficacy of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. METHOD: We examined 51 Level I studies (19 physical activity, 32 psychoeducational) published 2000-2014 and identified from five databases. Interventions that focused solely on the upper or lower extremities were not included. RESULTS: Findings related to key outcomes (activities of daily living, ability, pain, fatigue, depression, self-efficacy, disease symptoms) are presented...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027041/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review
#10
Janet L Poole, Patricia Siegel
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review addresses the effectiveness of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with fibromyalgia. METHOD: We examined the literature published between January 2000 and June 2014. A total of 322 abstracts from five databases were reviewed. Forty-two Level I studies met the inclusion criteria. Studies were evaluated primarily with regard to the following outcomes: daily activities, pain, depressive symptoms, fatigue, and sleep...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027040/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
Julie Dorsey, Michelle Bradshaw
Lower-extremity (LE) musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can have a major impact on the ability to carry out daily activities. The effectiveness of interventions must be examined to enable occupational therapy practitioners to deliver the most appropriate services. This systematic review examined the literature published between 1995 and July 2014 that investigated the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for LE MSDs. Forty-three articles met the criteria and were reviewed. Occupational therapy interventions varied on the basis of population subgroup: hip fracture, LE joint replacement, LE amputation or limb loss, and nonsurgical osteoarthritis and pain...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027039/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-musculoskeletal-shoulder-conditions-a-systematic-review
#12
Tambra L Marik, Shawn C Roll
People with musculoskeletal disorders of the shoulder commonly experience pain, decreased strength, and restricted range of motion (ROM) that limit participation in meaningful occupational activities. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the current evidence for interventions within the occupational therapy scope of practice that address pain reduction and increase participation in functional activities. Seventy-six studies were reviewed for this study-67 of Level I evidence, 7 of Level II evidence, and 2 of Level III evidence...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027038/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-musculoskeletal-conditions-of-the-forearm-wrist-and-hand-a-systematic-review
#13
Shawn C Roll, Mark E Hardison
Occupational therapy practitioners are key health care providers for people with musculoskeletal disorders of the distal upper extremity. It is imperative that practitioners understand the most effective and efficient means for remediating impairments and supporting clients in progressing to independence in purposeful occupations. This systematic review provides an update to a previous review by summarizing articles published between 2006 and July 2014 related to the focused question, What is the evidence for the effect of occupational therapy interventions on functional outcomes for adults with musculoskeletal disorders of the forearm, wrist, and hand? A total of 59 articles were reviewed...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027037/current-evidence-and-opportunities-for-expanding-the-role-of-occupational-therapy-for-adults-with-musculoskeletal-conditions
#14
Shawn C Roll
Musculoskeletal conditions are the second greatest cause of disability worldwide, and chronic musculoskeletal conditions affect nearly the same percentage of the general population as chronic circulatory and respiratory conditions combined. Moreover, people with musculoskeletal conditions experience a significant decline in independence with daily activities and occupational performance, key areas targeted by occupational therapy interventions. This special issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy provides comprehensive summaries of evidence for the care of common musculoskeletal conditions, highlights important implications that support evidence-informed practice, and proposes ways to advance the practice of occupational therapy to improve the lives of people with musculoskeletal conditions...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027034/a-century-of-therapeutic-use-of-the-physical-environment
#15
Amy Marshall, Christine Myers, Doris Pierce
In this article, we describe the use of the objects and spaces of the physical environment by occupational therapy practitioners in the United States over the profession's first 100 years. Using professional literature selected by decade from the years 1917 through 2016 to obtain data, we applied grounded theory methods to complete a detailed description. Team-based analysis over four coding schemes yielded a theoretical description of the profession's therapeutic use of the physical environment. Study findings included descriptions across occupational therapy's history of (1) treatment spaces, (2) the concepts of adapting and grading, and (3) a typology of constructive and nonconstructive applications of objects and activities by occupational therapy clients and practitioners...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017705/provision-of-rehabilitation-services-in-residential-care-facilities-evidence-from-a-national-survey
#16
Soumitra S Bhuyan, Aastha Chandak, Niodita Gupta, David Wyant, Jungyoon Kim, Jay Bhatt, Ayesha Singh, Sean Gilmore, SangNam Ahn, Cyril F Chang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine the association between organizational factors and provision of rehabilitation services that include physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) in Residential Care Facilities in the United States. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, observational study conducted using a national sample from the 2010 National Survey of Residential Care Facilities (NSRCF) conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics...
December 22, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009676/effectiveness-of-meaningful-occupation-interventions-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-residential-aged-care-a-systematic-review
#17
Catherine Travers, Deborah Brooks, Sonia Hines, Maria O'Reilly, Mitchell McMaster, Wei He, Margaret MacAndrew, Elaine Fielding, Lina Karlsson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: The ability to participate in valued activities, whether for work, leisure or family, is an important aspect of personal identity. In dementia, progressive memory loss means that abilities developed over a lifetime begin to be lost as well, contributing to the loss of self and identity. Some studies have reported that activities or interventions tailored to be meaningful to the person with dementia (defined as any activity important to the individual) are more effective in addressing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and improving quality of life (QoL) than those that are not so tailored...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996336/participation-and-occupation-in-occupational-therapy-models-of-practice-a-discussion-of-possibilities-and-challenges
#18
Maria Larsson-Lund, Anneli Nyman
BACKGROUND: Occupation has been the focus in occupational therapy practice to greater or lesser degrees from a historical viewpoint. This evokes a need to discuss whether concepts that are added to our field will enhance or blur our focus on occupation. AIM: To explore how the concept of participation in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is related to the concept of occupation by reviewing and comparing its use in three models of practice within occupational therapy...
December 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983551/benefits-of-occupational-therapy-in-dementia-patients-findings-from-a-real-world-observational-study
#19
Clément Pimouguet, Mléanie Le Goff, Jérôme Wittwer, Jean-François Dartigues, Catherine Helmer
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in developing non-pharmacological approaches in dementia. Clinical efficacy occupational therapy (OT) under routine care conditions has not been investigated yet. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the short-term effects of OT in patients with dementia; and to identify factors related to greater benefit. METHODS: Patients referred to OT were evaluated before starting a 3-month intervention and at 3 and 6 months later...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957879/lead-intoxication-due-to-ayurvedic-medications-as-a-cause-of-abdominal-pain-in-adults
#20
Varun Mehta, Vandana Midha, Ramit Mahajan, Vikram Narang, Praneet Wander, Ridhi Sood, Ajit Sood
BACKGROUND: Though a majority of cases of lead intoxication come from occupational exposures, traditional and folk remedies have also been reported to contain toxic amounts of lead. We present a large series of patients with lead poisoning due to intake of Ayurvedic medicines, all of whom presented with unexplained abdominal pain. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective, observational case series from a tertiary care center in India. The charts of patients who underwent blood lead level (BLL) testing as a part of workup for unexplained abdominal pain between 2005 and 2013 were reviewed...
December 13, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
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